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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Gerreidae: [ 115 ] records


[not named], Gerres cinereus var. Eigenmann [R. S.] 1891:155 [American Naturalist v. 25 (no. 290); ref. 1268] Described as "Gerres cinereus, var. nov." -- a "var. nov." between G. californiensis and G. cinereus; but the variety (one specimen from San Diego) was not named. Not available. •In the synonymy of Eucinostomus gracilis (Gill 1862). Current status: Synonym of Eucinostomus gracilis (Gill 1862). Gerreidae.

abbreviatus, Gerres Bleeker [P.] 1850:11 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 23 (no. 7); ref. 322] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 6682. Paralectotypes or non-types: BMNH 1880.4.21.182 [or 192] (1); NMV 46119 (1); NMW 21524 (1); RMNH 33099 [ex RMNH 6682] (some of 20); SMNS 10597 (3). Type catalog: Fricke 1991:14 [ref. 13474], Fricke 2005:39 [ref. 29864]. Also appeared in Bleeker 1850:1043 [ref. 16888]. Lectotype selected by Iwatsuki et al. 1998:165 [ref. 23310]. •Valid as Gerres abbreviatus Bleeker 1850 -- (Akazaki & Juso in Masuda et al. 1984:161 [ref. 6441], Roux 1986:326 [ref. 6209], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:520 [ref. 25598], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:337 [ref. 27969], Chen et al. 1997:77 [ref. 26476], Larson & Williams 1997:360 [ref. 23967], Iwatsuki & Kimura 1997:5 [ref. 27710], Kuiter 1997:166 [ref. 25488], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:619 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Woodland 2001:2950 [ref. 26102]). •Synonym of Gerres erythrourus (Bloch 1791) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1998:165 [ref. 23310], Iwatsuki et al. 1999:391 [ref. 24200], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2001:1047 [ref. 25822], Hoese & Bray 2006:1213 [ref. 29000], Kottelat 2013:345 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres erythrourus (Bloch 1791). Gerreidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

acinaces, Gerres Bleeker [P.] 1854:194 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 342] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6686. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1862.2.28.10 (1), RMNH 33719 [ex RMNH 6686] (1). •Valid as Gerres acinaces Bleeker 1854 -- (Dor 1984:146 [ref. 29757], Akazaki & Juso in Masuda et al. 1984:161 [ref. 6441], Woodland 1986:608 [ref. 6299], Winterbottom et al. 1989:38 [ref. 13251], Kottelat et al. 1993:115 [ref. 23448], Goren & Dor 1994:40 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:194 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:337 [ref. 27969], Reinthal & Stiassny 1997:354 [ref. 22780], Carpenter et al. 1997:175 [ref. 23922], Myers 1999:149 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:283 [ref. 24106], Iwatsuki et al. 1999:391 [ref. 24200], Nakabo 2000:838 [ref. 25086], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:345 [ref. 25191], Sakai et al. 2001:99 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:838 [ref. 26001], Myers & Donaldson 2003:627 [ref. 27495]). •Synonym of Gerres argyreus (Forster 1801) -- (Woodland 2001:2951 [ref. 26102]). •Synonym of Gerres longirostris (Lacepède 1801) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 2001:955 [ref. 25800], Randall 2005:288 [ref. 28239], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:334 [ref. 28867], Allen & Erdmann 2012:469 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:346 [ref. 32989], Golani & Fricke 2018:96 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:56 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres longirostris (Lacepède 1801). Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

akazakii, Gerres Iwatsuki [Y.], Kimura [S.] & Yoshino [T.] 2007:169, Figs. 1A, 2A-D, 3A [Ichthyological Research v. 54; ref. 29158] Mouth of Kaeda River, 31°50'05"N, 131°26'16"E, Aoshima, Miyazaki, Japan. Holotype: MUFS 22815. Paratypes: Many at FRLM, KAUM-I, and MUFS. Plus other specimens. •Valid as Gerres akazakii Iwatsuki, Kimura & Yoshino 2007. Current status: Valid as Gerres akazakii Iwatsuki, Kimura & Yoshino 2007. Gerreidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

altispinis, Gerres Günther [A.] 1862:258 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 4; ref. 1969] Ganges River. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1858.8.15.78. •Synonym of Gerreomorpha setifer (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:839 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Gerres setifer (Hamilton 1822) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:34 [ref. 23737], Kottelat 2013:347 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres setifer (Hamilton 1822). Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

altus, Eucinostomus Poey [F.] 1955:309 [Ictiologia Cubana. Posthumous transcription of original unpublished manuscript (1884) by M. Sánchez Roig and F. Gómez de la Maza v. 1; ref. 22481] Eucinostomus no. 274 of Poey 1875 [ref. 3509]. Posthumous publication. Also appeared in Poey 2000:205 [ref. 26366] with figures in atlas. Gerreidae. Habitat: marine.

aprion, Gerres Cuvier [G.] 1829:188 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Martinique Island, West Indies. Neotype: MNHN 0000-9455. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:14 [ref. 15502]. Available from footnote as, "Gerres aprion, N., Catesb., II, xi, 2." Neotype designated by Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:14 [ref. 15502]. •Valid as Gerres aprion Cuvier 1829 -- (Andreata & Séret 1996:586 [ref. 16204]). •Synonym of Eucinostomus argenteus (Baird & Girard 1855). Current status: Synonym of Eucinostomus argenteus Baird & Girard 1855. Gerreidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

argenteus, Eucinostomus Baird [S. F.] & Girard [C. F.] in Baird 1855:335 [sic 345] [21] [Smithsonian Institution Annual Report 9 (for 1854); ref. 164] Beesley's Point, New Jersey, U.S.A. Lectotype: USNM 8159. Paralectotypes: USNM 32491 (1), 201671 (1), 201674 (12). On p. 21 of separate. Authorship is as above, with "B. and G." given with the original description. Lectotype designation not researched, not designated here. •Valid as Eucinostomus argenteus Baird & Girard 1855 -- (Lee et al. 1980:752 [ref. 22416], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:216 [ref. 9277], Matheson & McEachran 1984:901 [ref. 5228], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:349 [ref. 14275], Smith 1986:428 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:175 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:139 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:326 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:167 [ref. 24474], Bussing & López S. 1994:114 [ref. 23101], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:1120 [ref. 22829], Murdy et al. 1997:228 [ref. 23144], Aguilera 1998:50 [ref. 24221], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:347 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:318 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:258 [ref. 25013], Fuller et al. 1999:400 [ref. 25838], Marín 2000:74 [ref. 26252], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:161 [ref. 27754], Camargo & Isaac 2001:142 [ref. 27639], Gilmore & Greenfield 2003:1512 [ref. 27093], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:83 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:35 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:349 [ref. 28815], Miller 2006:347 [ref. 28615], Matamoros et al. 2009:18 [ref. 31241], García-Hernández et al. 2009:93 [ref. 37265], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957], Angulo et al. 2013:1001 [ref. 33194], McMahan et al. 2013:450 [ref. 32422], Page et al. 2013:148 [ref. 32708], Barriga S. 2014:119 [ref. 35745], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:52 [ref. 33341], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:393 [ref. 34894], Marceniuk et al. 2017:40 [ref. 35324], Costa et al. 2017:45 [ref. 35684], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:436 [ref. 35886], Spier et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:7 [ref. 36717], Jacobina et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37282]). Current status: Valid as Eucinostomus argenteus Baird & Girard 1855. Gerreidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: including Gulf of Mexico. Eastern Pacific populations now treated as dowii. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

argyrea, Cichla Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:344 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tana Island [Tanna Island, Vanuatu]. No type material. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). •Valid as Gerres argyreus (Forster 1801) -- (Dor 1984:147 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:40 [ref. 25356], Fricke 1999:284 [ref. 24106], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:619 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:103 [ref. 25868], Woodland 2001:2951 [ref. 26102], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830] with authors as Bloch & Schneider). •Synonym of Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:385 [ref. 24200], Randall 2005:289 [ref. 28239], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:334 [ref. 28867], Hoese & Bray 2006:1216 [ref. 29000], Allen & Erdmann 2012:469 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:346 [ref. 32989], Eagderi et al. 2019:57 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775). Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

auratus, Diapterus Ranzani [C.] 1842:340, Pl. 29 (fig. 1) [Novi Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Instituti Bononiensis v. 5; ref. 9017] Brazilian seas. Holotype (unique): MZUB 978. •Valid as Diapterus auratus Ranzani 1842 -- (Pezold & Edwards 1983:104 [ref. 37431], Deckert & Greenfield 1987:185 [ref. 6778], Cervigón 1992:325 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:163 [ref. 24474], Murdy et al. 1997:227 [ref. 23144], Aguilera 1998:50 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:321 [ref. 24550], Marín 2000:73 [ref. 26252], Camargo & Isaac 2001:142 [ref. 27639], Gilmore & Greenfield 2003:1510 [ref. 27093], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:83 [ref. 27192] dated 1840, Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:347 [ref. 28815], Miller 2006:344 [ref. 28615], González-Acosta et al. 2007:369 [ref. 34191], Matamoros et al. 2009:18 [ref. 31241], Vergara-Solana et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33272], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:52 [ref. 33341], Angulo et al. 2013:1001 [ref. 33194], Marceniuk et al. 2017:40 [ref. 35324], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:343 [ref. 35886], Spier et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:7 [ref. 36717]). Current status: Valid as Diapterus auratus Ranzani 1842. Gerreidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: including Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

aureolus, Gerres Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:328 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 1 (for 1881); ref. 2471] Pacific Ocean at Bahia Matanhen, Nayart, Mexico. Neotype: CICIMAR-CI 8808. Holotype (USNM 29487) not found in 1980. Neotype designated by Vergara-Solano et al. 2014:7 [ref. 33272]. •Valid as Diapterus aureolus (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:141 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:114 [ref. 23101], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:1118 [ref. 22829], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:344 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:323 [ref. 24550], Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], González-Acosta et al. 2007:369 [ref. 34191], Page et al. 2013:148 [ref. 32708]. Page et al. 2013:148 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Deckertichthys aureolus (Jordan & Evermann 1882) -- (Vergara-Solana et al. 2014:7 [ref. 33272], González-Murcia et al. 2019:303 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Deckertichthys aureolus (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Gerreidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

australis, Gerres Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:43 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Swan River, Western Australia. Syntypes: MNHN A-4568 (2, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:14 [ref. 15502]. •Valid as Gerres australis Castelnau 1875 -- (authors). •Synonym of Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:385 [ref. 24200], Hoese & Bray 2006:1216 [ref. 29000], Kottelat 2013:346 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775). Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

awlae, Eugerres Schultz [L. P.] 1949:147, Fig. 17 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 99 (no. 3235); ref. 3967] Channel of Salina Rica, 5 kilometers north of Maracaibo, Venezuela. Holotype: USNM 121721. Paratypes: MCZ 37242 [ex USNM 121722] (1); UMMZ 157675 (1); USNM 121722 (orig. 3, now 2), 121723 (1). •Synonym of Eugerres plumieri (Cuvier 1830) -- (Deckert & Greenfield 1987:191 [ref. 6778], Cervigón 1993:82 [ref. 24474], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:325 [ref. 24550], Gilmore & Greenfield 2003:1520 [ref. 27093]). •Valid as Eugerres awlae Schultz 1949 -- (González-Acosta et al. 2005:661 [ref. 28660], González-Acosta et al. 2007:109 [ref. 32146], Page et al. 2013:148 [ref. 32708], González-Acosta & Rodiles-Hernández 2013:308 [ref. 32753]). Current status: Valid as Eugerres awlae Schultz 1949. Gerreidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

axillaris, Gerres Günther [A.] 1864:152 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1864 (pt 1) (art. 3) (for 22 Mar. 1864); ref. 13930] Chiapam, Guatemala. Syntypes: BMNH 1864.1.26.245-247. •Valid as Diapterus axillaris (Günther 1864) -- (Miller 2006:344 [ref. 28615], Page et al. 2013:148 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Eugerres axillaris (Günther 1864) -- (Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:1124 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:148 [ref. 24545], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:324 [ref. 24550], Nelson et al. 2004:144 [ref. 27807], González-Acosta et al. 2005:664 [ref. 28660], González-Acosta & Rodiles-Hernández 2013:308 [ref. 32753], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:91 [ref. 35859]). Current status: Valid as Eugerres axillaris (Günther 1864). Gerreidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Peru. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

baconensis, Xystaema Evermann [B. W.] & Seale [A.] 1907:69, Fig. 8 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 26 (Doc. 607) (for 1906); ref. 1285] Bacon, Sorsogon, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 55912. Paratypes: USNM 126221 [ex USBF] (1). •Valid as Gerres baconensis (Evermann & Seale 1907) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:378 [ref. 24200], Nakabo 2000:839 [ref. 25086], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:164 [ref. 25128], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:619 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:307 [ref. 25549], Woodland 2001:2959 [ref. 26102], Nakabo 2002:839 [ref. 26001]). Current status: Valid as Gerres baconensis (Evermann & Seale 1907). Gerreidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

bicornis, Parequula Steindachner [F.] 1879:30 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 20480] Hobson Bay, 37°51'S, 144°56'E, and Murray River, Victoria, Australia. Syntypes: NMW 90675 (1) Murray River, SMNS 2236 (1) Hobson's Bay. Type catalog: Fricke 1995:13 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:39 [ref. 29864]. Species later described in more detail in Steindachner 1879:8 [ref. 4228]. •Synonym of Parequula melbournensis (Castelnau 1872) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:598 [ref. 22532], Hoese & Bray 2006:1217 [ref. 29000], Iwatsuki et al. 2012:48 [ref. 32126]). Current status: Synonym of Parequula melbournensis (Castelnau 1872). Gerreidae. Habitat: marine.

bilobus, Gerres Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:466 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Saint Louis, Gorée, West Africa. Holotype: MNHN 0000-9464. Additional material or syntypes: MNHN 0000-9498 (3) coll. Rang. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:15 [ref. 15502]. •Synonym of Eucinostomus melanopterus (Bleeker 1863) -- (Roux 1986:325 [ref. 6209], Roux 1990:781 [ref. 18781]). Current status: Synonym of Eucinostomus melanopterus (Bleeker 1863). Gerreidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bispinosus, Gerres Alleyne [H. G.] & Macleay [W.] 1877:273, Pl. 7 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 1 (pts 3-4); ref. 101] Hall Sound, Papua New Guinea. Syntypes: AMS I.16348-001 [ex MAMU F621] (2). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:207 [ref. 19518]. Appeared as a new species in Jouan 1878:333 [ref. 18364] but not new there. •Questionably a synonym of Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:385 [ref. 24200], Kottelat 2013:346 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775). Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

brachychirus, Eucinostomus Poey [F.] 1955:309 [Ictiologia Cubana. Posthumous transcription of original unpublished manuscript (1884) by M. Sánchez Roig and F. Gómez de la Maza v. 1; ref. 22481] No types known. Eucinostomus no. 545 of Poey 1875 [ref. 3509]. Posthumous publication. Also appeared in Poey 2000:204 [ref. 26366] with figures in atlas. Gerreidae. Habitat: marine.

brasilianus, Gerres Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:458 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Brazil. Lectotype: MNHN A-5510 (167 mm SL). Paralectotypes: MNHN a-5510 (1), 917 (1), Puerto Rico specimens lost. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:15 [ref. 15502]. Lectotype selected by González-Acosta et al. 2005:115 [ref. 32146]. •Valid as Eugerres brasilianus (Cuvier 1830) -- (Deckert & Greenfield 1987:189 [ref. 6778], Cervigón 1992:327 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:172 [ref. 24474], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:172 [ref. 22947], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:328 [ref. 24550], Camargo & Isaac 2001:143 [ref. 27639] with Valenciennes as author, Gilmore & Greenfield 2003:1519 [ref. 27093], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:84 [ref. 27192] with Valenciennes as author, Nelson et al. 2004:144 [ref. 27807], González-Acosta et al. 2005:661 [ref. 28660], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:356 [ref. 28815], González-Acosta et al. 2007:114 [ref.n 32146], Page et al. 2013:148 [ref. 32708], González-Acosta & Rodiles-Hernández 2013:308 [re. 32753], González-Acosta & Rodiles-Hernández 2013:308 [ref. 32753], Martínez-Guevara et al. 2016:395 [ref. 34136], Costa et al. 2017:45 [ref. 35684], Spier et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:7 [ref. 36717]). Current status: Valid as Eugerres brasilianus (Cuvier 1830). Gerreidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: South Carolina (U.S.A.) south to Brazil, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

brevimanus, Gerres Günther [A.] 1864:152 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1864 (pt 1) (art. 3) (for 22 Mar. 1864); ref. 13930] Chiapán, Guatemala. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1864.1.26.254. •Valid as Diapterus brevimanus (Günther 1864) -- (Bussing 1987:176 [ref. 22927]). •Valid as Gerres brevimanus Günther 1864 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:143 [ref. 22193]). •Valid as Eugerres brevimanus (Günther 1864) -- (Bussing & López S. 1994:114 [ref. 23101], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:1125 [ref. 22829], Bussing 1998:282 [ref. 24179], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:327 [ref. 24550], Nelson et al. 2004:144 [ref. 27807], González-Acosta et al. 2005:668 [ref. 28660], Page et al. 2013:148 [ref. 32708], González-Acosta & Rodiles-Hernández 2013:308 [ref. 32753], Angulo et al. 2013:1002 [ref. 33194], Angulo et al. 2020:8 [ref. 37425]). Current status: Valid as Eugerres brevimanus (Günther 1864). Gerreidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Mexico south to Panama. Habitat: marine.

brevirostris, Gerres Sauvage [H.-E.] 1879:208 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 3; ref. 13259] Río Guayas, Ecuador. Syntypes: MNHN A-0874 (1), 1986-0662 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:15 [ref. 15502]. •Synonym of Diapterus peruvianus (Cuvier 1830) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:322 [ref. 24550]). •Valid as Diapterus brevirostris (Sauvage 1879) -- (González-Acosta et al. 2007:370 [ref. 34191], Palacios-Salgado et al. 2014:238 [ref. 36362], Vergara-Solana et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33272], Fourriére et al. 2016:446 [ref. 34668] with author as Cuvier 1830, Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:609 [ref. 34923], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:91 [ref. 35859], González-Murcia et al. 2019:303 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Diapterus brevirostris (Sauvage 1879). Gerreidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

britannus, Sparus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:41, 132 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): not at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:87 [ref. 20898], Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:31 [ref. 15502]. •Synonym of Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775) -- (Fricke 1999:285 [ref. 24106] as oeyena). •Valid as Gerres britannus (Lacepède 1802) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:391 [ref. 24200]). •Synonym of Gerres longirostris (Lacepède 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:346 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres longirostris (Lacepède 1801). Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

caerulescens, Sparus Sessé [M.] & Mocigno [J. M.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:463 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Not available, name mentioned in passing in the account of Gerres aprion; from Mexico. Modern spelling of second author's name is Mociño. Gerreidae.

californiensis, Diapterus Gill [T. N.] 1862:245 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 14; ref. 1665] Cape San Lucas, Baja California, Mexico. Treated as a nomen oblitum by De La Cruz-Agüero 2015:182 [ref. 35419]. •Often regarded as a synonym of Eucinostomus gracilis (Gill 1862) described in the same work; but Jordan in Jordan & Evermann 1898:1370, footnote 3 [ref. 2444] clearly states that Eucinostomus californiensis has priority over E. gracilis -- thereby serving as first reviser. •Apparently most current authors favor maintaining current usage, and gracilis is treated as valid. •Synonym of Eucinostomus gracilis (Gill 1862) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:315 [ref. 24550], De La Cruz-Agüero 2015:182 [ref. 35419]). Current status: Synonym of Eucinostomus gracilis (Gill 1862). Gerreidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

carinatus, Gerres Alleyne [H. G.] & Macleay [W.] 1877:273, Pl. 7 (fig. 4) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 1 (pts 3-4); ref. 101] Erub [= Darnley] Island, 9°35'S, 143°46'E, Torres Strait, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16347-001 [ex MAMU F620] (2). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:207 [ref. 19518]. •Valid as Gerres carinatus Alleyne & Macleay 1877 -- (authors). •Synonym of Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:385 [ref. 24200], Hoese & Bray 2006:1216 [ref. 29000], Kottelat 2013:346 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775). Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

castroaguirrei, Eugerres González-Acosta [A. F.] & Rodiles-Hernández [R.] 2013:309, Fig. 3a [Neotropical Ichthyology v. 11 (no. 2); ref. 32753] Chiapas, Marqués de Comillas, Lacandona rainforst, río Lacantún, between Reforma Agraria and Galaxia, 16°14'35"N, 90°51'30"W, México. Holotype: ECOSC 775. Paratypes: AMNH 239190 (1), FMNH 117268 (1), IBUNAM 11436 (1), NMW 95100 (1), UABC 2665 (1), UMMZ 247665 (1). •Valid as Eugerres castroaguirrei González-Acosta & Rodiles-Hernández 2013. •Synonym of Eugerres mexicanus (Steindachner 1863) -- (Martínez-Guevara et al. 2016:393 [ref. 34136]). Current status: Synonym of Eugerres mexicanus (Steindachner 1863). Gerreidae. Distribution: Rio Grijalva-Usumacinta basin, Mexico (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

cheverti, Gerres Alleyne [H. G.] & Macleay [W.] 1877:272, Pl. 7 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 1 (pts 3-4); ref. 101] Cape Grenville, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16345-001 [ex MAMU F617] (1 of 2). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:207 [ref. 19518] but with cotypes. •Synonym of Gerres erythrourus (Bloch 1791) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1998:165 [ref. 23310], Iwatsuki et al. 1999:391 [ref. 24200], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2001:1048 [ref. 25822], Hoese & Bray 2006:1213 [ref. 29000], Kottelat 2013:345 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres erythrourus (Bloch 1791). Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

chrysops, Gerres Iwatsuki [Y.], Kimura [S.] & Yoshino [T.] 1999:28, Figs. 1 A-B, 2A [Ichthyological Research v. 46 (no. 1); ref. 23737] Angsilla, near Bangsaen, around Si Chang Island, northeastern Gulf of Thailand, 13°10-20'N, 100°90-101°00'E, depth less than 15 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 47295. Paratypes: AMS I.38189-001 (2); FRLM 14379-14383 (5); MUFS 10463 (1), 10465-67 (2), 10479 (1), 10481-82 (1), 10484-85 (1), 10487-88 (2), 10506-09 (4), 10517-18 (2); NSMT-P47296-97 (2); RMNH 33097-98 (2). •Valid as Gerres chrysops Iwatsuki, Kimura & Yoshino 1999 -- (Iwatsuki et al. 2001:164 [ref. 25128], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:307 [ref. 25549], Yoshida et al. 2013:138 [ref. 34464]). Current status: Valid as Gerres chrysops Iwatsuki, Kimura & Yoshino 1999. Gerreidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Gulf of Thailand. Habitat: marine.

cinereus, Mugil Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:228 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Bahamas. No types known. •Valid as Gerres cinereus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:21 [ref. 9708], Robins & Ray 1986:175 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:139 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:328 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:174 [ref. 24474], Allen & Robertson 1994:143 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:114 [ref. 23101], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:1128 [ref. 22829], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:174 [ref. 22947], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:149 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:397 [ref. 24023], Aguilera 1998:50 [ref. 24221], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:343 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:309 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:260 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:161 [ref. 27754], Gilmore & Greenfield 2003:1521 [ref. 27093], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:84 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:144 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:358 [ref. 28815], Miller 2006:348 [ref. 28615], Matamoros et al. 2009:18 [ref. 31241], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957], Angulo et al. 2013:1002 [ref. 33194], McMahan et al. 2013:450 [ref. 32422], Page et al. 2013:148 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:173 [ref. 32953], Barriga S. 2014:119 [ref. 35745], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:53 [ref. 33341], Vergara-Solana et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33272], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:393 [ref. 34894], Robertson et al. 2016:145 [ref. 34961], Nión et al. 2016:48 [ref. 35565], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:436 [ref. 35886], García-Rodríguez 2019:[12] [ref. 36709]). Current status: Valid as Gerres cinereus (Walbaum 1792). Gerreidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic [eastern Pacific now = simillimus on ref. 32953]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

commersonii, Sparus Shaw [G.] 1803:428 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. Unneeded new name for Sparus britannus Lacepède 1802. •Synonym of Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775) -- (Fricke 1999:285 [ref. 24106] as oeyena). •Synonym of Gerres longirostris (Lacepède 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:346 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres longirostris (Lacepède 1801). Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

currani, Eucinostomus Zahuranec [B. J.] in Yáñez-Arancibia 1980:81 [Publicaciones Especiales, Centro de Ciencas del Mar y Limnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. No. 2; ref. 22194] Lagunas de Guerrero, Mexico. Syntypes: FMNH 73517 (2), 73519 (1); MCZ 28788 (1). Apparently above is the first available description; name appeared first in a thesis by Zahuranec in 1967. •Valid as Eucinostomus currani Zahuranec 1980 -- (Bussing 1987:178 [ref. 22927], Allen & Robertson 1994:142 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:114 [ref. 23101], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:1121 [ref. 22829], Franke & Acero P. 1996:767 [ref. 22923], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:144 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:398 [ref. 24023], Bussing 1998:286 [ref. 24179], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:347 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:313 [ref. 24550], Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:347 [ref. 28615], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957], Angulo et al. 2013:1001 [ref. 33194], McMahan et al. 2013:450 [ref. 32422], Page et al. 2013:148 [ref. 32708], Barriga S. 2014:119 [ref. 35745], De La Cruz-Agüero 2015:181 [ref. 35419], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:393 [ref. 34894], Kells et al. 2016:244 [ref. 35888], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:91 [ref. 35859], González-Murcia et al. 2019:303 [ref. 36544], Angulo et al. 2020:8 [ref. 37425]). Current status: Valid as Eucinostomus currani Zahuranec 1980. Gerreidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

darnleyense, Xystaema Ogilby [J. D.] 1913:86, Pl. 23 [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 2; ref. 14966] Erub [= Darnley] Island, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: QM I.1074. Paratypes: QM I.1073 (1), I.1075-76 (1, 1). •In Gerres, status uncertain -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:391 [ref. 24200]). •Synonym of Gerres longirostris (Lacepède 1801) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 2001:955 [ref. 25800], Hoese & Bray 2006:1215 [ref. 29000], Kottelat 2013:346 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres longirostris (Lacepède 1801). Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

decacanthus, Diapterus Bleeker [P.] 1864:58 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 2; ref. 13921] Amoy [= Xiamen], Fujian, China. Holotype (unique): RMNH 1502. •Valid as Gerreomorpha decacanthus (Bleeker 1864) -- (Ye in Pan et al. 1991:397 [ref. 23876]). •Valid as Gerres decacanthus (Bleeker 1865) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:31 [ref. 23737], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:164 [ref. 25128], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:619 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:307 [ref. 25549], Woodland 2001:2959 [ref. 26102], Kottelat 2013:345 [ref. 32989], Iwatsuki in Kimura et al. 2018:160 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Gerres decacanthus (Bleeker 1864). Gerreidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Vietnam, China, Taiwan. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

dowii, Diapterus Gill [T. N.] 1863:162 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 15; ref. 1681] Western coast of Central America. Syntypes: (orig. 3) USNM 30985 (1), 200846 (2). Type catalog: Smith 2018:76 [ref. 36061]. •Valid as Eucinostomus dowii (Gill 1863) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:142 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:145 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:398 [ref. 24023], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:315 [ref. 24550] as dovi, Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:148 [ref. 32708], Angulo et al. 2013:1001 [ref. 33194], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34871], Kells et al. 2016:244 [ref. 35888], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:91 [ref. 35859]). Current status: Valid as Eucinostomus dowii (Gill 1863). Gerreidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

edentulus, Sparus Günther [A.] 1859:346 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Not available, name on specimen mentioned in passing under Gerres punctatus. Gerreidae.

egregius, Eucinostomus Poey [F.] 2000:201, Pls. 133 (figs. 2-3), 134 [Ictiologia Cubana. Posthumous transcription of original unpublished manuscript (1884) by M. Sánchez Roig and F. Gómez de la Maza v. 1-3; ref. 26366] Not available; not explicitly proposed as new [see Art. 16.1 of the Code]. Posthumous publication. Gerreidae.

elongata, Parequula Iwatsuki [Y.], Pogonoski [J. J.] & Last [P. R.] 2012:43, Figs. 1A, 3A [Zootaxa No. 3425; ref. 32126] Off Rottnest I., Western Australia, Australia (32°08’S, 115°15’E). Holotype: CSIRO H 6344-04. Paratypes: AMS, CSIRO, MUFS, NMV and WAM. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Parequula elongata Iwatsuki, Pogonoski & Last 2012. Current status: Valid as Parequula elongata Iwatsuki, Pogonoski & Last 2012. Gerreidae. Distribution: Southwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Eucinostomus californiensis Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1925:586, Pl. 62 (fig. 2) [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 15 (publ. 226); ref. 13609] Taboga Island, (Pacific) Panama. Holotype: USNM 81732. Paratypes: FMNH 28009-60 (52); USNM 81293 (48, now 44), 201670 [ex 81293] (4) Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:35 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Eucinostomus gracilis (Gill 1862) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:315 [ref. 24550]). Current status: Synonym of Eucinostomus gracilis (Gill 1862). Gerreidae. Habitat: marine.

embryx, Gerres Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] in Jordan & Evermann 1898:1379 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2444] Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 2735 [not 449 as published]. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:77 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Eugerres plumieri (Cuvier 1830) -- (Deckert & Greenfield 1987:191 [ref. 6778], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:325 [ref. 24550], González-Acosta et al. 2007:119 [ref. 32146]). Current status: Synonym of Eugerres plumieri (Cuvier 1830). Gerreidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

entomelas, Eucinostomus Zahuranec [B. J.] in Yáñez-Arancibia 1980 [Publicaciones Especiales, Centro de Ciencas del Mar y Limnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. No. 2; ref. 22194] Mexico. Syntypes: not yet available. Apparently the first available description; name appeared earlier in thesis by Zahuranec in 1967. •Valid as Eucinostomus entomelas Zahuranec 1980 -- (Bussing & López S. 1994:114 [ref. 23101], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:1122 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:146 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:347 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:314 [ref. 24550], Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:148 [ref. 32708], Vergara-Solana et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33272], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:393 [ref. 34894], De La Cruz-Agüero 2015:181 [ref. 35419]). Current status: Valid as Eucinostomus entomelas Zahuranec 1980. Gerreidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

equula, Gerres Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1844:76, Pl. 40 (fig. 1) [Fauna Japonica Parts 5-6; ref. 4372] Nagasaki, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D274 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: ?RMNH 1086 (1). Type information: Boeseman 1947:79 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Gerres equula Temminck & Schlegel 1844 -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:383 [ref. 24200]). •Valid as Gerres equulus Temminck & Schlegel 1844 -- (Nakabo 2000:840 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2000:179 [ref. 25987], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:164 [ref. 25128], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:307 [ref. 25549], Iwatsuki et al. 2002:138 [ref. 26151], Nakabo 2002:840 [ref. 26001], Motomura et al. 2010:121 [ref. 31256]). Current status: Valid as Gerres equulus Temminck & Schlegel 1844. Gerreidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

erythrourus, Sparus Bloch [M. E.] 1791:26, Pl. 261 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 5; ref. 4867] Japan [probably erroneous]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 8596 (right skin). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:82 [ref. 24282]. On p. 23 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 8 [ref. 21381]. Type locality given as Japan, but possibly type is from the region of Madras, India (see Iwatsuki et al. 1998:170 [ref. 23310]). •Synonym of Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:391 [ref. 24200]). •Valid as Gerres erythrourus (Bloch 1791) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1998:165 [ref. 23310], Myers 1999:149 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:837 [ref. 25086] with genus as Gertes, Iwatsuki et al. 2000:101 [ref. 26368], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:164 [ref. 25128], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:307 [ref. 25549], Sakai et al. 2001:99 [ref. 25693], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2001:1047 [ref. 25822], Nakabo 2002:837 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S109 [ref. 27377], Chakraborty et al. 2006:185 [ref. 28690], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2007:85 [ref. 29037], Hoese & Bray 2006:1213 [ref. 29000], Kimura in Kimura & Iwatsuki 2009:148 [ref. 31129], Liu & Yan 2009:557 [ref. 31089], Allen & Erdmann 2012:468 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:345 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:139 [ref. 34464], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2015:52 [ref. 34319], Motomura et al. 2017:140 [ref. 35490], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:160 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:234 [ref. 36495], Fricke et al. 2019:160 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:463 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Gerres erythrourus (Bloch 1791). Gerreidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India and Myanmar east to Micronesia and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

evermanni, Diapterus Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1925:594, Pl. 63 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 15 (publ. 226); ref. 13609] Mindi River, near Mindi, Canal Zone, Panama. Holotype: USNM 81738. Paratypes: FMNH 28125-26 (1, 1); ?USNM 81322 (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:32 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Diapterus auratus Ranzani 1842 -- (Deckert & Greenfield 1987:185 [ref. 6778], Cervigón 1993:164 [ref. 24474], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:321 [ref. 24550], Gilmore & Greenfield 2003:1510 [ref. 27093]). Current status: Synonym of Diapterus auratus Ranzani 1842. Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

filamentosus, Gerres Cuvier [G.] 1829:188 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific. Neotype: MNHN 0000-9481. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:15 [ref. 15502]. Available from footnote as, "G. filamentosus, N., ou Wordawahah Russel, f. 68." Also in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:482 [ref. 996]. Neotype designation by Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:15 [ref. 15502] not recognized by Iwatsuki et al. 1996:426 [ref. 22590] (Art. 75.2 of the Code); they designated the same specimen as neotype. Range from Iwatsuli at al. 2015:158 [ref.33941]. •Valid as Gerres filamentosus Cuvier 1829 -- (Dor 1984:147 [ref. 29757], Akazaki & Juso in Masuda et al. 1984:161 [ref. 6441], Roux 1986:326 [ref. 6209], Woodland 1986:608 [ref. 6299], Yu & Zhou in Kuang et al. 1986:237 [ref. 26639], Allen & Swainston 1988:88 [ref. 25477], Zheng 1989:323 [ref. 21202], Allen 1991:138 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:841 [ref. 20764], Ye in Pan et al. 1991:395 [ref. 23876], Kottelat et al. 1993:115 [ref. 23448], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:227 [ref. 24016], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:287 [ref. 24014], Goren & Dor 1994:40 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:194 [ref. 22896], Iwatsuki et al. 1996:426 [ref. 22590], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:339 [ref. 27969], Rainboth 1996:186 [ref. 22772], Reinthal & Stiassny 1997:354 [ref. 22780], Larson & Williams 1997:360 [ref. 23967], Allen 1997:138 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:175 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:78 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:166 [ref. 25488], Iwatsuki & Kimura 1998:83 [ref. 23351], Myers 1999:149 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:284 [ref. 24106], Mishra et al. 1999:86 [ref. 25315], Johnson 1999:736 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:839 [ref. 25086], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:101 [ref. 26368], Kimura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:231 [ref. 27511], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:164 [ref. 25128], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:619 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:112 [ref. 25480], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:186 [ref. 25703], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:307 [ref. 25549], Sakai et al. 2001:99 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:342 [ref. 25930], Woodland 2001:2952 [ref. 26102], Iwatsuki et al. 2002:138 [ref. 26151], Nakabo 2002:839 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S109 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:35 [ref. 27712], Morgan et al. 2004:151 [ref. 27718], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:258 [ref. 28072], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:197 [ref. 28107], Randall 2005:288 [ref. 28239], Fukuhara et al. 2006:197 [ref. 28688], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2007:85 [ref. 29037], Hoese & Bray 2006:1213 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2009:64 [ref. 30213], Kimura in Kimura & Iwatsuki 2009:149 [ref. 31129], Motomura et al. 2010:121 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:468 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:345 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:139 [ref. 34464], Fricke et al. 2014:90 [ref. 33932], Morgan et al. 2014:33 [ref. 36567], Iwatsuki et al. 2015:158 [ref. 33941], Psomadakis et al. 2015:251 [ref. 34104], Koeda et al. 2016:44 [ref. 35333], Motomura et al. 2017:140 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:326 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:204 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:96 [ref. 36273], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:161 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:235 [ref. 36495], Arndt & Fricke 2019:15 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:160 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:463 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Gerres filamentosus Cuvier 1829. Gerreidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gerreoides, Pentaprion Bleeker [P.] 1850:13 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 23 (no. 7); ref. 322] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Bleeker Specimens: (7) BMNH 1880.4.21.34 (1), 1862.2.28.15 (1), RMNH.PISC 5718 (29). Also in Bleeker 1850 [ref. 16888]. •Synonym of Pentaprion longimanus (Cantor 1849). Current status: Synonym of Pentaprion longimanus (Cantor 1849). Gerreidae. Habitat: marine.

gigas, Gerres Günther [A.] 1862:262 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 4; ref. 1969] Tonga Islands. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1984.6.1.1. •Status uncertain -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:391 [ref. 24200]). •Synonym of Gerres oblongus Cuvier 1830 -- (Iwatsuki et al. 2001:961 [ref. 25800], Woodland 2001:2955 [ref. 26102], Randall 2005:288 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres oblongus Cuvier 1830. Gerreidae. Habitat: marine.

gracilis, Diapterus Gill [T. N.] 1862:246 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 14; ref. 1665] Cape San Lucas, Baja California, Mexico. No types known. Treated as a nomen protectum by De La Cruz-Agüero 2015:182 [ref. 35419]. •Name is a synonym of Eucinostomus californiensis (Gill 1862) but current usage is accepted, and gracilis is treated as valid under the 2000 Code. •Valid as Eucinostomus gracilis (Gill 1862) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:216 [ref. 9277], Allen & Robertson 1994:143 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:114 [ref. 23101], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:1123 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:147 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:399 [ref. 24023], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:314 [ref. 24550], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:347 [ref. 24555], Fuller et al. 1999:400 [ref. 25838], Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957], McMahan et al. 2013:450 [ref. 32422], Page et al. 2013:148 [ref. 32708], Barriga S. 2014:119 [ref. 35745], De La Cruz-Agüero 2015:182 [ref. 35419], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:393 [ref. 34894], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34871], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:91 [ref. 35859]). Current status: Valid as Eucinostomus gracilis (Gill 1862). Gerreidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gula, Gerres Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:293 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Syntypes: MNHN 0000-9461 (1) Martinique. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:15 [ref. 15502]. Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:15 [ref. 15502] treat MNHN 9461 as the neotype, but it is a syntype; the described specimen from Rio de Janeiro is lost. Authorship attributed to Cuvier & Valenciennes in Quoy & Gaimard 1824 by De La Cruz-Agüero 2015:181 [ref. 35419]; however, no evidence for this authorship is found in the original description. •Valid as Eucinostomus gula (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Matheson & McEachran 1984:901 [ref. 5228], Robins & Ray 1986:176 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:139 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:326 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:169 [ref. 24474], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:170 [ref. 22947], Murdy et al. 1997:229 [ref. 23144], González Bencomo et al. 1997:159 [ref. 24960], Aguilera 1998:50 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:317 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:258 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:161 [ref. 27754], Camargo & Isaac 2001:142 [ref. 27639], López et al. 2002:64 [ref. 26808], Gilmore & Greenfield 2003:1513 [ref. 27093], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:83 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:350 [ref. 28815], García-Hernández et al. 2009:93 [ref. 37265], Page et al. 2013:148 [ref. 32708], Vergara-Solana et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33272], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:53 [ref. 33341], Fabiano et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33530], De La Cruz-Agüero 2015:181 [ref. 35419] with authorship as Cuvier & Valenciennes 1824, Nión et al. 2016:48 [ref. 35565], Marceniuk et al. 2017:40 [ref. 35324], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:436 [ref. 35886], Spier et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:7 [ref. 36717], Jacobina et al. 2020:5 [ref. 37282]). Current status: Valid as Eucinostomus gula (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Gerreidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: including Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gulula, Eucinostomus Poey [F.] 1875:128 [54], Pl. 2 [Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, Madrid v. 4 (for 13 Jan. 1875); ref. 3509] Havana, Cuba. No types known. On p. 54 of separate. •Synonym of Eucinostomus gula (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Current status: Synonym of Eucinostomus gula (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Gerreidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

harengulus, Eucinostomus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1879:132 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 2 (no. 74); ref. 18134] Western Florida, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 5145 (1), 270838 (1). In 1998 we had USNM 5145 as lectotype, but that was an unpublished designation. •Valid as Eucinostomus harengulus Goode & Bean 1879 -- (Matheson & McEachran 1984:900 [ref. 5228], Boschung 1992:139 [ref. 23239], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:316 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:258 [ref. 25013], Marín 2000:74 [ref. 26252], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:161 [ref. 27754], Gilmore & Greenfield 2003:1514 [ref. 27093], Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:351 [ref. 28815], Matamoros et al. 2009:18 [ref. 31241], Page et al. 2013:148 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:53 [ref. 33341], Robins et al. 2018:345 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Eucinostomus harengulus Goode & Bean 1879. Gerreidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda and Chesapeake Bay (U.S.A.) south to São Paulo (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

havana, Xystaema Nichols [J. T.] 1912:189, Fig. 2 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 31 (art. 18); ref. 14853] Marianao Beach, Havana, Cuba. Holotype: AMNH 3358. Additional specimens: AMNH 2422 (2), 2429 (1). •Valid as Eucinostomus havana (Nichols 1912) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:176 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1992:326 [ref. 23827], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:312 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:259 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:161 [ref. 27754], Gilmore & Greenfield 2003:1515 [ref. 27093], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:83 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:352 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:148 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:53 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Eucinostomus havana (Nichols 1912). Gerreidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

homonymus, Diapterus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1880:340 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 2 (no. 98); ref. 18135] Clearwater Harbor, Gulf of Mexico, Florida, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 23639 [= USNM 31461] (3); also based on literature sources. •Synonym of Eucinostomus gula (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Current status: Synonym of Eucinostomus gula (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Gerreidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

infasciatus, Gerres Iwatsuki [Y.] & Kimura [S.] 1998:79, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Research v. 45 (no. 1); ref. 23351] Samut Prakan fish market, thought to have come from off Sumat Prakan, Thailand, northern Gulf of Thailand. Holotype: NSMT-P 47294. Paratypes: FRLM 14378 (1), MUFS 10118 (1). •Valid as Gerres infasciatus Iwatsuki & Kimura 1998 -- (Iwatsuki et al. 2001:164 [ref. 25128], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:307 [ref. 25549], Iwatsuki et al. 2002:138 [ref. 26151], Fukuhara et al. 2006:197 [ref. 28688], Iwatsuki et al. 2015:155 [ref. 33941], Psomadakis et al. 2015:251 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:326 [ref. 36183], Golani & Fricke 2018:95 [ref. 36273], Mishra et al. 2018:203 [ref. 36353], Eagderi et al. 2019:56 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:78 [ref. 36871] as cf. infasciatus). Current status: Valid as Gerres infasciatus Iwatsuki & Kimura 1998. Gerreidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf east to Gulf of Thailand. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Gerres Bleeker [P.] 1854:404 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 13964] Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6684. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1862.2.28.16 (1). •Valid as Gerres japonicus Bleeker 1854 -- (Akazaki & Juso in Masuda et al. 1984:161 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:838 [ref. 25086], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:619 [ref. 25122], Woodland 2001:2959 [ref. 26102], Nakabo 2002:838 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:339, 612 [ref. 26218], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2007:85 [ref. 29037], Iwatsuki et al. 2007:173 [ref. 29158]). Current status: Valid as Gerres japonicus Bleeker 1854. Gerreidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

jonesii, Gerres Günther [A.] 1879:150 [1] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 5) v. 3 (no. 14) (art. 15); ref. 13362] Bermuda. Syntypes: BMNH 1879.1.8.9-14 (6). •Valid as Eucinostomus jonesii (Günther 1879) -- (Matheson & McEachran 1984:901 [ref. 5228] as jonesi, Robins & Ray 1986:175 [ref. 23100] as jonesi, Cervigón 1992:327 [ref. 23827] as jonesi, Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:170 [ref. 22947] as jonesi, Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:316 [ref. 24550] as jonesi, Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:259 [ref. 25013], Marín 2000:74 [ref. 26252], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:161 [ref. 27754], Gilmore & Greenfield 2003:1516 [ref. 27093], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:83 [ref. 27192] as jonesi, Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:353 [ref. 28815], Matamoros et al. 2009:18 [ref. 31241], Page et al. 2013:148 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:53 [ref. 33341], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:436 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Eucinostomus jonesii (Günther 1879). Gerreidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

kapas, Gerres Bleeker [P.] 1851:482 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 16898] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia; Rio [Rhio or Riouw], Indonesia. Syntypes: (7) ?NMV 46117 (1), RMNH 6683 (10, incl. 6 syntypes, poor condition). •Valid as Gerres kapas Bleeker 1851 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:115 [ref. 23448], Larson & Williams 1997:360 [ref. 23967], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:619 [ref. 25122], Woodland 2001:2953 [ref. 26102], Hoese & Bray 2006:1214 [ref. 29000], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2007:91 [ref. 29037]). •Status uncertain -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:37 [ref. 23737]). •Synonym of Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 2007:181 [ref. 29158], Kottelat 2013:346 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775). Gerreidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lefroyi, Diapterus Goode [G. B.] 1874:123 [American Journal of Science and Arts (Series 3) v. 8 (no. 43, art. 12); ref. 18138] Bermuda. Syntypes: USNM 16760 (2). •Valid as Ulaema lefroyi (Goode 1874) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:308 [ref. 24550], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:84 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:35 [ref. 27621], Costa et al. 2017:45 [ref. 35684], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407], Spier et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36103]). •Valid as Eucinostomus lefroyi (Goode 1874) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:176 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:139 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:327 [ref. 23827], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:259 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:161 [ref. 27754], Gilmore & Greenfield 2003:1517 [ref. 27093], Nelson et al. 2004:144 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:354 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:148 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:53 [ref. 33341], Robins et al. 2018:436 [ref. 35886], Ribeiro et al. 2019:7 [ref. 36717]). Current status: Valid as Eucinostomus lefroyi (Goode 1874). Gerreidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bermuda and North Carolina (U.S.A.) south to Venezuela, including southwestern Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

limbatus, Gerres Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:476 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Malabar, India. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-9474. Paralectotypes: ?BMNH 1883.7.4.48 [ex MNHN] (1) Malabar; MNHN 0000-9474 (1 of 2) Malabar, 0000-9475 (4, poor condition) Puducherry. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:16 [ref. 15502]. Lectotype selected by Iwatsuki et al. 2001:313 [ref. 25549]. •Status uncertain -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:37 [ref. 23737]). •Valid as Gerres limbatus Cuvier 1830 -- (Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:247 [ref. 24754], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:308 [ref. 25549], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S109 [ref. 27377], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2007:85 [ref. 29037], Iwatsuki in Kimura & Iwatsuki 2009:149 [ref. 31129], Liu & Yan 2009:556 [ref. 31089], Kottelat 2013:345 [ref. 32989], Psomadakis et al. 2015:252 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:326 [ref. 36183], Suresh et al. 2018:236 [ref. 36495], Eagderi et al. 2019:56 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Gerres limbatus Cuvier 1830. Gerreidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf east to western Indonesia and Gulf of Thailand, north to China and Taiwan. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

limnaeus, Diapterus Schultz [L. P.] 1949:142, Fig. 16 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 99 (no. 3235); ref. 3967] Maracaibo Yacht Club, Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela. Holotype (unique): USNM 121726. •Synonym of Diapterus rhombeus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Deckert & Greenfield 1987:187 [ref. 6778] as Valenciennes 1830, Gilmore & Greenfield 2003:1511 [ref. 27093]). Current status: Synonym of Diapterus rhombeus (Cuvier 1829). Gerreidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lineatus, Smaris Humboldt [F. H. A. von] in Humboldt & Valenciennes 1821:185, Pl. 46 (fig. 2) [Voyage de Humboldt et Bonpland v. 2 (Title page 1833); ref. 5612] "Lake Acapulco", Pacific coast of Mexico. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown, not at MNHN or BMNH. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:31 [ref. 15502]. See González-Acosta et al. 2005:669 [ref. 28660] for remarks on the type locality. •Valid as Diapterus lineatus (Humboldt 1821) -- (Miller 2006:345 [ref. 28615]). •Valid as Eugerres lineatus (Humboldt 1821) -- (Bussing & López S. 1994:114 [ref. 23101], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:1126 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:148 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:399 [ref. 24023], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:327 [ref. 24550], Nico 2001:148 [ref. 25828], Nelson et al. 2004:144 [ref. 27807], González-Acosta et al. 2005:669 [ref. 28660], Ortíz-Galindo et al. 2008:1 [ref. 29888], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:148 [ref. 32708], González-Acosta & Rodiles-Hernández 2013:308 [re. 32753], Vergara-Solana et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33272], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:91 [ref. 35859]). Current status: Valid as Eugerres lineatus (Humboldt 1821). Gerreidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lineolatus, Gerres Günther [A.] in Playfair & Günther 1867:110, Pl. 16 (fig. 2) [The fishes of Zanzibar; ref. 3490] Aden, Arabia; Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Syntypes: BMNH 1866.1.10.10-11 (2) Zanzibar. •Status uncertain -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:391 [ref. 24200]). •Synonym of Gerres longirostris (Lacepède 1801) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 2001:955 [ref. 25800]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres longirostris (Lacepède 1801). Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

longicaudus, Gerres Alleyne [H. G.] & Macleay [W.] 1877:272, Pl. 7 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 1 (pts 3-4); ref. 101] Cape Grenville, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16344-001 [ex MAMU F615] (4). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:207 [ref. 19518]. •Status uncertain -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:391 [ref. 24200]). •Synonym of Gerres longirostris (Lacepède 1801) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 2001:955 [ref. 25800], Hoese & Bray 2006:1214 [ref. 29000], Kottelat 2013:346 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres longirostris (Lacepède 1801). Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

longimana, Equula Cantor [T. E.] 1849:1134 [152] [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 18 (pt 2); ref. 715] Sea of Malayan Peninsula and islands. Holotype (unique) (?): BMNH 1860.3.19.184 (right half skin). On p. 152 of separate. •Valid as Pentaprion longimanus (Cantor 1849) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:126 [ref. 19754], Akazaki & Juso in Masuda et al. 1984:161 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:88 [ref. 25477], Kottelat et al. 1993:115 [ref. 23448], Randall 1995:195 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:339 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:138 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:176 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:77 [ref. 26476] dated 1850, Mishra et al. 1999:87 [ref. 25315], Nakabo 2000:837 [ref. 25086], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:619 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:101 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Woodland 2001:2958 [ref. 26102], Nakabo 2002:837 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S109 [ref. 27377], Hoese & Bray 2006:1217 [ref. 29000], Larson et al. 2013:137 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:347 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:140 [ref. 34464], Psomadakis et al. 2015:253 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:141 [ref. 35490], Eagderi et al. 2019:57 [ref. 37020], Psomadakis et al. 2020:465 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Pentaprion longimanus (Cantor 1849). Gerreidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf east to Papua New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

longirostris, Gerres Günther [A.] (ex Rapp) 1861:189 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 8 (no. 44); ref. 18178] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Syntypes: Museum of Tübingen University, Zoology Department [lost]. Also appeared in Günther (May) 1861:142, Pl. 24 [ref. 21404] [apparently earliest]. •Secondarily preoccupied in Gerres by Labrus longirostris Lacepède 1801 -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:391 [ref. 24200]). Gerreidae. Habitat: marine.

longirostris, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:427, 468, Pl. 19 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Madagascar. Neotype: MNHN 1965-0388. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:99 [ref. 19171], Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:31 [ref. 15502]. Based on drawing in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). Neotype designated by Iwatsuki et al. 2001:955 [ref. 25800]. •Synonym of Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775) -- (Fricke 1999:284 [ref. 24106] as oeyena). •Status uncertain -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:391 [ref. 24200]). •Valid as Gerres longirostris (Lacepède 1801) -- (Iwatsuki & Kimura 1997:6 [ref. 22710], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:955 [ref. 25800], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2001:1043 [ref. 25822], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S109 [ref. 27377], Randall et al. 2004:17 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3321 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:258 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:288 [ref. 28239], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2007:85 [ref. 29037], Hoese & Bray 2006:1214 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2009:64 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:469 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:260 [ref. 32706], Kottelat 2013:346 [ref. 32989], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:423 [ref. 33460], Koeda et al. 2016:44 [ref. 35333], Ali et al. 2018:327 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:204 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:96 [ref. 36273], Jawad et al. 2018:108 [ref. 36262] as G. longirostris s.l., Eagderi et al. 2019:56 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:161 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:78 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:463 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Gerres longirostris (Lacepède 1801). Gerreidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Aldabra, Madagascar, Mascarenes and Persian Gulf east to Palau and Marquesas Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands and Japan, south to Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lucidus, Gerres Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:477 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Puducherry, India. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-9476 (larger specimen). Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-9476 (1 of 2). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:16 [ref. 15502]. Lectotype selected by Iwatsuki et al. 2001:308 [ref. 25549]. Iwatsuki et al. 2001:313 [ref. 25549] act as first revisers selecting limbatus Cuvier 1830 over lucidus Cuvier 1830, both species occurring in the same reference. •Valid as Gerres lucidus Cuvier 1830 -- (Yu & Zhou in Kuang et al. 1986:238 [ref. 26639], Ye in Pan et al. 1991:396 [ref. 23876], Chen et al. 1997:78 [ref. 26476], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:247 [ref. 24754]). •Status uncertain -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:37 [ref. 23737]). •Synonym of Gerres limbatus Cuvier 1830 -- (Iwatsuki et al. 2001:308 [ref. 25549], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2007:85 [ref. 29037], Liu & Yan 2009:557 [ref. 31089], Kottelat 2013:346 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres limbatus Cuvier 1830. Gerreidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

macracanthus, Gerres Bleeker [P.] 1854:195 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 342] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 6686. Paralectotypes: (should be 5) ?BMNH 1862.2.28.12 (1), ?NMV 46418 (1), RMNH 32791 (3). Lectotype selected by Iwatsuki et al. 1996:419 [ref. 22590]. •Valid as Gerres macracanthus Bleeker 1854 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:125 [ref. 19754], Kottelat et al. 1993:115 [ref. 23448], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:227 [ref. 24016], Iwatsuki et al. 1996:418 [ref. 22590], Larson & Williams 1997:360 [ref. 23967], Iwatsuki & Kimura 1998:83 [ref. 23351], Nakabo 2000:839 [ref. 25086], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:164 [ref. 25128], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:619 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:101 [ref. 26368], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:307 [ref. 25549], Sakai et al. 2001:99 [ref. 25693], Woodland 2001:2960 [ref. 26102], Nakabo 2002:839 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Tan & Lim 2004:110 [ref. 27716], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:257 [ref. 28072], Fukuhara et al. 2006:197 [ref. 28688], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2007:91 [ref. 29037], Hoese & Bray 2006:1215 [ref. 29000], Iwatsuki in Kimura & Iwatsuki 2009:149 [ref. 31129], Kottelat 2013:346 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:140 [ref. 34464], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:423 [ref. 33460], Iwatsuki 2015:155 [ref. 33941], Psomadakis et al. 2015:252 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:140 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:327 [ref. 36183], Golani & Fricke 2018:96 [ref. 36273], Suresh et al. 2018:237 [ref. 36495], Eagderi et al. 2019:57 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:78 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:464 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Gerres macracanthus Bleeker 1854. Gerreidae. Distribution: Southern Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Persian Gulf and Socotra east to Philippines, north to Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

macrosoma, Gerres Bleeker [P.] 1854:56 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 16923] Sindangole, Halmahera, Indonesia. Neotype: RMNH 6689. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1862.2.28.13 (1), NMV A900 (1), RMNH 33720 [ex RMNH 6689] (6). Neotype designated by Iwatsuki et al. 2001:963 [ref. 25800]. •Status uncertain -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:391 [ref. 24200]). •Valid as Gerres macrosoma Bleeker 1854 -- (Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:619 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:113 [ref. 25480], Woodland 2001:2954 [ref. 26102]). •Synonym of Gerres oblongus Cuvier 1830 -- (Iwatsuki et al. 2001:961 [ref. 25800], Randall 2005:288 [ref. 28239], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:334 [ref. 28867], Hoese & Bray 2006:1215 [ref. 29000], Fricke et al. 2018:205 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres oblongus Cuvier 1830. Gerreidae. Habitat: marine.

maldivensis, Gerres Regan [C. T.] 1902:279 [The Fauna and Geography of the Maldive and Laccadive Archipelagoes. Being the Account of the Work Carried on and of the Collections Made by an Expedition During the Years 1899 and 1900 v. 1, pt 3; ref. 14336] Freshwater pool surrounded by mangroves in center of Landu, Miladumadulu Atoll, Maldives, Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1901.12.31.78. •Valid as Gerres maldivensis Regan 1902 -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:392 [ref. 24200], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2007:88 [ref. 29037], Iwatsuki et al. 2007:181 [ref. 29158]). Current status: Valid as Gerres maldivensis Regan 1902. Gerreidae. Distribution: Maldives, Indian Ocean. Habitat: freshwater.

meeki, Eucinostomus Eigenmann [C. H.] 1903:229, Fig. 10 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 1217] San Juan River, just below its first ford, western Cuba. Holotype: CAS 79621 [ex IU 9660]. Gerreidae. Habitat: marine.

melanopterus, Gerres Bleeker [P.] 1863:44, Pl. 8 (fig. 1) [Natuurkundige Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem (Ser. 2) v. 18 (1862); ref. 395] Guinea. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5402. Holotype figured by Boeseman 1963:Pl. 5 (fig. 1) [ref. 21734]. •Valid as Gerres melanopterus Bleeker 1863 -- (Bauchot in Lévêque et al. 1992:692 [ref. 21590]). •Valid as Eucinostomus melanopterus (Bleeker 1863) -- (Pezold & Edwards 1983:104 [ref. 37431], Robins & Ray 1986:176 [ref. 23100], Roux 1986:325 [ref. 6209], Roux 1990:781 [ref. 18781], Cervigón 1992:327 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:170 [ref. 24474], Poll & Gosse 1995:117 [ref. 24781], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:171 [ref. 22947], Bussing 1998:287 [ref. 24179], Aguilera 1998:50 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:312 [ref. 24550], Afonso et al. 1999:74 [ref. 25466], Claro et al. 2000:22 [ref. 26458], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:161 [ref. 27754], Camargo & Isaac 2001:142 [ref. 27639], Schiwok & Bork 2002:34 [ref. 25833], Gilmore & Greenfield 2003:1518 [ref. 27093], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:84 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:144 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:355 [ref. 28815], Miller 2006:348 [ref. 28615], Wirtz et al. 2007:34 [ref. 30263], Matamoros et al. 2009:18 [ref. 31241], García-Hernández et al. 2009:93 [ref. 37265], Angulo et al. 2013:1001 [ref. 33194], Delpiani et al. 2013:1149 [ref. 36624], Page et al. 2013:148 [ref. 32708], Félix et al. 2016:D [4] [ref. 34346], Iwatsuki in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2549 [ref. 34618], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407], Spier et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36103], Almeida & Alves 2019:270 [ref. 37097], Ribeiro et al. 2019:7 [ref. 36717]). Current status: Valid as Eucinostomus melanopterus (Bleeker 1863). Gerreidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: New Jersey (U.S.A.) south to Mar del Plata (Argentina), including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea, but absent from insular locations; eastern Atlantic: Senegal south to Angola, including Cape Verde Islands and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

melbournensis, Gerres Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:158 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Lectotype: MNHN A-0968. Paralectotypes: AMS A-7138 (1, skin, not found in 1990). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:16 [ref. 15502]. Lectotype selected by Iwatsuki et al. 2012:48 [ref. 32126]. •Valid as Parequula melbournensis (Castelnau 1872) -- (Kuiter 1993:194 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:598 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:166 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Bray 2006:1217 [ref. 29000], Gomon 2008:587 [ref. 30616], Iwatsuki et al. 2012:48 [ref. 32126], Hoschke et al. 2019:156 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Parequula melbournensis (Castelnau 1872). Gerreidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria, Tasmania, New South Wales (Australia) Habitat: marine.

methueni, Gerres Regan [C. T.] 1920:420 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 5 (no. 29); ref. 15253] Lagoons at Ambilo, eastern Madagascar. Lectotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 31915. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1920.3.2.6 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 31916 [ex TMP 10102 or 10103] (1). Lectotype selected by Iwatsuki & Kimura 1997:2 [ref. 22710] as RUSI 31915 [ex TMP 10102] [but apparently 31915 was lost in the mails]. •Valid as Gerres methueni Regan 1920 -- (Iwatsuki & Kimura 1997:2 [ref. 22710], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:164 [ref. 25128], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:307 [ref. 25549], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:258 [ref. 28072], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2007:85 [ref. 29037], Fricke et al. 2018:204 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Gerres methueni Regan 1920. Gerreidae. Distribution: South Africa and southern Mozambique to Madagascar. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

mexicanus, Gerres Steindachner [F.] 1863:383, Pl. 15 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 13; ref. 18755] Río Teapa, Tabasco, Mexico. Syntypes: NMW 72289 (1), 78820 (2). •Valid as Diapterus mexicanus (Steindachner 1863) -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:65 [ref. 22290], Miller 2006:345 [ref. 28615]). •Valid as Eugerres mexicanus (Steindachner 1863) -- (Deckert & Greenfield 1987:192 [ref. 6778], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:326 [ref. 24550], Gilmore & Greenfield 2003:1509 [ref. 27093], Nelson et al. 2004:144 [ref. 27807], González-Acosta et al. 2005:661 [ref. 28660], Page et al. 2013:148 [ref. 32708], González-Acosta & Rodiles-Hernández 2013:312 [ref. 32753], Martínez-Guevara et al. 2016:393 [ref. 34136]). Current status: Valid as Eugerres mexicanus (Steindachner 1863). Gerreidae. Distribution: Atlantic Mexico and Guatemala. Habitat: freshwater.

microphthalmus, Gerres Iwatsuki [Y.], Kimura [S.] & Yoshino [T.] 2002:134, Figs. 1, 2 A-D [Ichthyological Research v. 49 (no. 2); ref. 26151] Meitsu, Nango, Miyazaki, Kyushu, Japan, 31°23.5'N, 131°23.5'E, depth less than 20 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 45901. Paratypes: BSKU 9302 (1); FAKU 62343 (1), 121432 (1); FRLM 13239-40 (1, 1); MUFS 10063-64 (1, 1), 7471 (1), 7473-45 (3), 7830 (1), 9612 (1), 10038 (1), 10043-46 (4), 10055 (1), 10062 (1), 10065-67 (3), 10081 (1), 10085 (1), 11970 (1), 12413 (1), 13384 (1), 15572 (1), 18425-28 (1, 1, 1, 1); NSMT-P 29143 (2), 45902 (1); RMNH 33845-46 (1, 1). •Valid as Gerres microphthalmus Iwatsuki, Kimura & Yoshino 2002 -- (Iwatsuki et al. 2015:158 [ref. 33941]). Current status: Valid as Gerres microphthalmus Iwatsuki, Kimura & Yoshino 2002. Gerreidae. Distribution: Southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

mowbrayi, Eucinostomus Beebe [W.] & Tee-Van [J.] 1932:115 [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 13 (no. 5); ref. 9330] Nonsuch Island, Bermuda. Holotype (unique): USNM 170909 [ex NYZS 9328]. Type catalog: Mead 1958:132 [ref. 20648]. •Synonym of Eucinostomus havana (Nichols 1912) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:259 [ref. 25013]). Current status: Synonym of Eucinostomus havana (Nichols 1912). Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

mozambiquensis, Gerres Iwatsuki [Y.] & Heemstra [P. C.] 2007:86, Figs. 1, 2A [Copeia 2007 (no. 1); ref. 29037] Southern Nampura, upper reaches of Larde Estuary, 16°28.60'S, 39°39.28'E, Mozambique. Holotype: SAIAB 62478. Paratypes: SAIAB 69773 (1). •Valid as Gerres mozambiquensis Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2007. Current status: Valid as Gerres mozambiquensis Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2007. Gerreidae. Distribution: Mozambique [habitat unknown]. Habitat: marine.

nigri, Gerres Günther [A.] 1859:347 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Niger River; coast of Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1847.4.4.12 (1), 1855.9.19.303 (1). Also listed was Plate XX. fig. B, but on preface p. vi it is stated, "The Plates referred to, and executed by Mr. Ford, will be published as a separate volume." •Valid as Gerres nigri Günther 1859 -- (Roux 1986:326 [ref. 6209], Roux 1990:782 [ref. 18781], Bauchot in Lévêque et al. 1992:692 [ref. 21590], Wirtz et al. 2013:125 [ref. 32972], Iwatsuki in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2550 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Gerres nigri Günther 1859. Gerreidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal south to Angola. Habitat: brackish, marine.

oblongus, Gerres Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:479 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Trincomalee, Sri Lanka. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-9497. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1999-1121 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:16 [ref. 15502]. Lectotype selected by Iwatsuki et al. 2001:961 [ref. 25800]. •Valid as Gerres oblongus Cuvier 1830 -- (Dor 1984:147 [ref. 29757], Akazaki & Juso in Masuda et al. 1984:161 [ref. 6441], Woodland 1986:609 [ref. 6299], Winterbottom et al. 1989:38 [ref. 13251], Goren & Dor 1994:40 [ref. 25356], Myers 1999:149 [ref. 23965], Iwatsuki et al. 1999:391 [ref. 24200], Nakabo 2000:838 [ref. 25086], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:619 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:101 [ref. 26368], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:961 [ref. 25800], Woodland 2001:2955 [ref. 26102], Nakabo 2002:838 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S109 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:627 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:94 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:17 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:258 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:288 [ref. 28239], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2007:91 [ref. 29037], Hoese & Bray 2006:1215 [ref. 29000], Kimura in Kimura & Iwatsuki 2009:150 [ref. 31129], Allen & Erdmann 2012:469 [ref. 31980], Koeda et al. 2016:44 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:205 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:96 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:161 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:464 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Gerres oblongus Cuvier 1830. Gerreidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa and Madagascar east to Philippines and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: brackish, marine.

octactis, Gerres Bleeker [P.] 1863:43, Pl. 8 (fig. 2) [Natuurkundige Verhandelingen van de Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen te Haarlem (Ser. 2) v. 18 (1862); ref. 395] Guinea. Holotype (unique): RMNH 1091. Holotype figured by Boeseman 1963:Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [ref. 21734]. •Synonym of Gerres nigri Günther 1859 -- (Roux 1986:326 [ref. 6209], Roux 1990:782 [ref. 18781], Carpenter in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2550 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres nigri Günther 1859. Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

oeyena, Labrus Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:35, xi [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] [Lohajæ] Al-Luhayya, Yemen, Red Sea; Suez, Egypt, Red Sea; Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Syntypes: ZMUC P48209 (1, dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:64 [ref. 9588] with a holotype; holotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 7 [ref. 20847]; see also Iwatsuki et al. 1998:170 [ref. 23310] for information on type. Originally as öyena, spelling is German (author Fabricius) and therefore change to "oe" is mandatory according to ICZN Art. 32.5.2.1 (see Fricke 2008:35 [ref. 30182]). However, the spelling oyena is an unjustified emendation in prevailing usage and can be continued. Three localities were given, so "holotype" is regarded as a syntype. Name spelled oyena by Bonnaterre 1788:104 [ref. 4940]. •Valid as Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:147 [ref. 29757], Akazaki & Juso in Masuda et al. 1984:161 [ref. 6441], Roux 1986:326 [ref. 6209], Woodland 1986:609 [ref. 6299], Allen & Swainston 1988:88 [ref. 25477], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:520 [ref. 25598], Winterbottom et al. 1989:38 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:189 [ref. 15987], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:842 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:115 [ref. 23448], Goren & Dor 1994:40 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:195 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:338 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:138 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:360 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:176 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:166 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:518 [ref. 25919], Iwatsuki et al. 1998:165 [ref. 23310], Miyanohara et al. 1999:177 [ref. 23962], Myers 1999:149 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:285 [ref. 24106] as oeyena, Iwatsuki et al. 1999:385 [ref. 24200], Mizuno et al. 1999:9 [ref. 25311], Mishra et al. 1999:87 [ref. 25315], Johnson 1999:736 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:840 [ref. 25086], Allen 2000:103 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:101 [ref. 26368], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:164 [ref. 25128], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:619 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:345 [ref. 25191], Kimura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:233 [ref. 27511], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:307 [ref. 25549], Shimizu 2001:30 [ref. 25799], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Woodland 2001:2956 [ref. 26102], Iwatsuki et al. 2002:138 [ref. 26151], Nakabo 2002:840 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:339, 613 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S109 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:627 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:94 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:17 [ref. 27624], Tan & Lim 2004:110 [ref. 27716], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:258 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:289 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1216 [ref. 29000], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2007:85 [ref. 29037], Fricke 2008:35 [ref. 30182] as oeyena, Fricke et al. 2009:64 [ref. 30213] as oeyena, Kimura in Kimura & Iwatsuki 2009:150 [ref. 31129], Motomura et al. 2010:122 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:469 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:260 [ref. 32706], Kottelat 2013:346 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:140 [ref. 34464], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:424 [ref. 33460], Fricke et al. 2014:90 [ref. 33932], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2015:53 [ref. 34319], Psomadakis et al. 2015:252 [ref. 34104], Koeda et al. 2016:44 [ref. 35333], Kwun et al. 2017:142 [ref. 37287], Motomura et al. 2017:141 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:327 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:205 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:96 [ref. 36273], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:161 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:238 [ref. 36495], Arndt & Fricke 2019:15 [ref. 36883], Eagderi et al. 2019:57 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:161 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:78 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:464 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775). Gerreidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Madagascar, Mascarenes and Persian Gulf east to Marshall Islands and Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands and southern Korea, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: brackish, marine.

olisthostoma, Gerres Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1882:423 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 297); ref. 1840] Indian River, Florida, U.S.A. Lectotype: USNM 25118. Paralectotypes: USNM 25118 (5 of 6, destroyed or missing); additional non-type material: USNM 12561 (1). Lectotype established (as figured specimen) in caption to Pl. 218, p. 3278 in Jordan & Evermann 1900 [ref. 2446] if figured specimen is identifiable and matches the sole surviving specimen in USNM 25118. •Valid as Diapterus olisthostomus (Goode & Bean 1882) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:174 [ref. 23100]). •Synonym of Diapterus auratus Ranzani 1842 -- (Deckert & Greenfield 1987:185 [ref. 6778], Cervigón 1993:164 [ref. 24474], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:321 [ref. 24550], Marín 2000:74 [ref. 26252], Gilmore & Greenfield 2003:1510 [ref. 27093]). Current status: Synonym of Diapterus auratus Ranzani 1842. Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

ovatus, Gerres Günther [A.] 1859:343 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Australia. Lectotype: BMNH 1847.7.21.49. Paralectotypes: BMNH 2005.11.2.2 [ex BMNH 1847.7.21.49] (1). Also listed was Plate XX, but on preface p. vi it is stated, "The Plates referred to, and executed by Mr. Ford, will be published as a separate volume." Lectotype selected by Iwatsuki et al. 2007:177, 183 [ref. 29158] •Valid as Gerres ovatus Günther 1859 -- (Larson & Williams 1997:360 [ref. 23967], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2007:85 [ref. 29037]). •Synonym of Gerres subfasciatus Cuvier 1830 -- (Johnson 2001:736 [ref. 25471], Hoese & Bray 2006:1216 [ref. 29000], Iwatsuki et al. 2007:177, 181 [ref. 29158]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres subfasciatus Cuvier 1830. Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

patao, Gerres Poey [F.] 1860:192 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Havana, Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 23151 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:203 [ref. 22926]. •Synonym of Eugerres brasilianus (Cuvier 1830) -- (Deckert & Greenfield 1987:189 [ref. 6778]. González-Acosta et al. 2007:114 [ref. 32146]). Current status: Synonym of Eugerres brasilianus (Cuvier 1830). Gerreidae. Habitat: marine.

periche, Gerres Evermann [B. W.] & Radcliffe [L.] 1917:93, Pl. 8 (fig. 3) [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 95; ref. 1284] Tumbes, Peru. Holotype (unique): USNM 77743. •Valid as Eugerres periche (Evermann & Radcliffe 1917) -- (Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:1127 [ref. 22829], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:344 [ref. 24555]). •Synonym of Eugerres brevimanus (Günther 1864) -- (González-Acosta et al. 2005:668 [ref. 28660]). Current status: Synonym of Eugerres brevimanus (Günther 1864). Gerreidae. Habitat: marine.

peruvianus, Gerres Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:467 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Payta, Peru. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-9466. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:16 [ref. 15502]. •Valid as Diapterus peruvianus (Cuvier 1830) -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:21 [ref. 9708], Allen & Robertson 1994:142 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:114 [ref. 23101], Bussing in Fischer et al. 1995:1119 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:143 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:395 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:344 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:322 [ref. 24550], Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:345 [ref. 28615], González-Acosta et al. 2007:369 [ref. 34191], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957], McMahan et al. 2013:450 [ref. 32422], Barriga S. 2014:119 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:392 [ref. 34894] as perubianus, Galván-Villa et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34871], Angulo et al. 2020:8 [ref. 37425]). Current status: Valid as Diapterus peruvianus (Cuvier 1830). Gerreidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

phaiya, Gerres Iwatsuki [Y.] & Heemstra [P. C.] 2001:1044, Figs. 1 A-B, 2A [Copeia 2001 (no. 4); ref. 25822] Mangalore, Karnataka, India, 12°55'N, 74°30'E. Holotype: NSMT-P 57151. Paratypes: AMS I.39783-001 (2); FRLM 24151-52 (1, 1); MNHN 0000-9467 (1), 2000-0355 [not 0305] (2); MUFS 16741 (1), 16771 (1), 16796 (1), 16854 (1), 16954-68 (15), 17047-49 (3); NSMT-P 57152 (1); RMNH 33821-22 (1, 1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 61844 (3), 61865 (1). •Valid as Gerres phaiya Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2001 -- (Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S109 [ref. 27377], Chakraborty et al. 2006:185 [ref. 28690], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2007:91 [ref. 29037], Iwatsuki in Kimura & Iwatsuki 2009:150 [ref. 31129], Psomadakis et al. 2015:253 [ref. 34104], Suresh et al. 2018:239 [ref. 36495], Psomadakis et al. 2020:465 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Gerres phaiya Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2001. Gerreidae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean: Pakistan east to Singapore. Habitat: marine.

philippinus, Gerres Günther [A.] 1862:258 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 4; ref. 1969] Philippines. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1984.6.1.2. •Synonym of Gerres filamentosus Cuvier 1829 -- (Hoese & Bray 2006:1213 [ref. 29000]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres filamentosus Cuvier 1829. Gerreidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

plumieri, Gerres Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:452, Pl. 167 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Antilles and Puerto Rico. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-9447 (1) Antilles, 0000-9452 (1) Martinique, A-5485 (1, dry) Martinique, A-5530 (1) Puerto Rico. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:16 [ref. 15502]. González-Acosta et al. 2007:119 [ref. 28660] curiously selected two lectotypes for Gerres awlae [sic plumieri]. •Valid as Diapterus plumieri (Cuvier 1830) -- (Lee et al. 1980:751 [ref. 22416], Robins & Ray 1986:175 [ref. 23100], Bussing 1987:177 [ref. 22927], Miller 2006:346 [ref. 28615]). •Valid as Eugerres plumieri (Cuvier 1830) -- (Deckert & Greenfield 1987:190 [ref. 6778], Cervigón 1992:328 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:172 [ref. 24474], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:173 [ref. 22947], Bussing 1998:285 [ref. 24179], Aguilera 1998:50 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:325 [ref. 24550], Marín 2000:74 [ref. 26252], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:161 [ref. 27754], Gilmore & Greenfield 2003:1520 [ref. 27093], Smith et al. 2003:36 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:144 [ref. 27807], González-Acosta et al. 2005:661 [ref. 28660], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:357 [ref. 28815], González-Acosta et al. 2007:119 [ref. 32146], Matamoros et al. 2009:18 [ref. 31241], Page et al. 2013:148 [ref. 32708], González-Acosta & Rodiles-Hernández 2013:308 [ref. 32753], Angulo et al. 2013:1002 [ref. 33194], Vergara-Solana et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33272], Martínez-Guevara et al. 2016:395 [ref. 34136], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407], Morgenstern 2018:265 [ref. 36331], Robins et al. 2018:347 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Eugerres plumieri (Cuvier 1830). Gerreidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

poeyi, Eucinostomus Longley [W. H.] 1935:88 [Carnegie Institution of Washington Year Book No. 34; ref. 13714] Cuba. Holotype (unique): MCZ 22014. Gerreidae. Habitat: marine.

poieti, Gerres Cuvier [G.] 1829:188 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Molucca Islands, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:16 [ref. 15502]. Available from footnote as, "G. poieti, N., Ren., pl. ii, f. 9, Valent., no. 354." ('Ikan mata bezar' of Valentyn 1726:458, fig. 354 [ref. 30358]). Spelled poeti (incorrect subsequent spelling) in Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:468 [ref. 996]. Neotype (MNHN 9467) designated in Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:16 [ref. 15502] but that was not in a revisory work and is invalid (see Iwatsuki & Kimura 1997:5 [ref. 27710]). Spelled poetie by Bleeker 1845:512 [ref. 312]. See Woodland 2001:2949 [ref. 26102] for nomenclatural note, but he incorrectly credits the species to Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830. •Valid as Gerres poeti [sic] Cuvier 1829 -- (Dor 1984:148 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:41 [ref. 25356]). •Valid as Gerres poieti Cuvier 1829 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:843 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:115 [ref. 23448], Iwatsuki & Kimura 1997:5 [ref. 27710], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:619 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:167 [ref. 25128], Woodland 2001:2957 [ref. 26102] [see below]). •Synonym of Gerres longirostris (Lacepède 1801) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 2001:955 [ref. 25800], Hoese & Bray 2006:1214 [ref. 29000], Eagderi et al. 2019:56 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres longirostris (Lacepède 1801). Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

productus, Eucinostomus Poey [F.] 1875:59 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 11 (nos 3-4) (art. 6); ref. 18564] Havana, Cuba. Holotype: USNM 13038. •Synonym of Ulaema lefroyi (Goode 1874) -- (based on placement of the type species of Ulaema). •Synonym of Eucinostomus lefroyi (Goode 1874). Current status: Synonym of Eucinostomus lefroyi (Goode 1874). Gerreidae. Habitat: marine.

profundus, Gerres Macleay [W.] 1878:350, Pl. 7 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 2 (pt 4); ref. 17573] Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Syntypes: AMS 16346-001 [ex MAMU F618] (2). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:207 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Gerres abbreviatus Bleeker 1850 -- (Larson & Williams 1997:360 [ref. 23967]). •Synonym of Gerres erythrourus (Bloch 1791) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1998:165 [ref. 23310], Iwatsuki et al. 1999:391 [ref. 24200], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2001:1048 [ref. 25822], Hoese & Bray 2006:1213 [ref. 29000], Larson et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:345 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres erythrourus (Bloch 1791). Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pseudogula, Eucinostomus Poey [F.] 1875:127 [53], Pl. 1 [Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, Madrid v. 4 (for 13 Jan. 1875); ref. 3509] Cuba. Syntypes: ?USNM 5560 (1). On p. 53 of separate. Originally pseudo-gula. •Synonym of Eucinostomus gula (Cuvier 1830) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:317 [ref. 24550]). •Synonym of Eucinostomus jonesii (Günther 1879) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:259 [ref. 25013]). Current status: Synonym of Eucinostomus jonesii (Günther 1879). Gerreidae. Habitat: marine.

punctatus, Gerres Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:480 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] India. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-9495 (1) Puducherry, 0000-9496 (2) Puducherry, 1988-0254 [ex MNHN 0000-9496] (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:17 [ref. 15502] with 1988-254 as another species. •Synonym of Gerres filamentosus Cuvier 1829 -- (Dor 1984:147 [ref. 29757], Roux 1986:326 [ref. 6209], Woodland 2001:2952 [ref. 26102], Kottelat 2013:345 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Gerres filamentosus Cuvier 1829. Gerreidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rappi, Xystaema Barnard [K. H.] 1927:630, Fig. 21 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 21 (pt 2); ref. 194] KwaZulu-Natal coast, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: Now UTZI [Tübingen Mus.] (apparently lost). Paratypes: (apparently lost). Based on literature records. •Valid as Gerres rappi (Barnard 1927) -- (Dor 1984:147 [ref. 29757], Woodland 1986:609 [ref. 6299], Goren & Dor 1994:41 [ref. 25356]). •Synonym of Gerres methueni Regan 1920 -- (Iwatsuki & Kimura 1997:1 [ref. 27710], Iwatsuki et al. 1999:391 [ref. 24200], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:259 [ref. 28072], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2007:85 [ref. 29037]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres methueni Regan 1920. Gerreidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rhombeus, Gerres Cuvier [G.] 1829:188 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Martinique Island, West Indies. Neotype: MNHN 0000-9451. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:17 [ref. 15502]. Available from footnote 1: G. rhombeus, N., ou Stone bass., Sloane, Jam., II, pl. 253, f. 1;". See also Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:459 [ref. 996]. Neotype established in Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:17 [ref. 15502]. •Valid as Gerres rhombeus Cuvier 1829 -- (González Bencomo et al. 1997:159 [ref. 24960]). •Valid as Diapterus rhombeus (Cuvier 1829) -- (Deckert & Greenfield 1987:187 [ref. 6778], Cervigón 1992:325 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:164 [ref. 24474], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:169 [ref. 22947], Aguilera 1998:50 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:320 [ref. 24550], Camargo & Isaac 2001:142 [ref. 27639], Gilmore & Greenfield 2003:1511 [ref. 27093], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:83 [ref. 27192] with Valenciennes as author, Smith et al. 2003:35 [ref. 27621] dated 1830, Nelson et al. 2004:143 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:348 [ref. 28815], Miller 2006:346 [ref. 28615], González-Acosta et al. 2007:369 [ref. 34191], Page et al. 2013:148 [ref. 32708], Vergara-Solana et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33272], Angulo et al. 2013:1001 [ref. 33194], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:436 [ref. 35886], Spier et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:7 [ref. 36717]). Current status: Valid as Diapterus rhombeus (Cuvier 1829). Gerreidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

richii, Gerres Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:469 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Indian seas and "Port de San Matheo al Mar, pres d'Acapulco" [probably in error for eastern Pacific or western Atlanti.]. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-9468 (1) Indian seas, 0000-9469 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:17 [ref. 15502] with 9468 as holotype, 9469 as paratype. See Fricke 1999:283 [ref. 24106]. See Iwatsuki et al. 1999:391 [ref. 24200] who questioned Indian seas locality. •Mention -- (Iwatsuki et al. 2007:183 [ref. 29158]). Gerreidae. Habitat: marine.

rostrata, Gerreomorpha Alleyne [H. G.] & Macleay [W.] 1877:274, Pl. 8 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 1 (pts 3-4); ref. 101] Torres Strait [Australia/Papua New Guinea]. Holotype (unique): MAMU not found at AMS in 1997. •Valid as Gerres rostrata (Alleyne & Macleay 1877) -- (authors). •Synonym of Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:385 [ref. 24200], Hoese & Bray 2006:1216 [ref. 29000], Kottelat 2013:346 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775). Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

rueppellii, Gerres Klunzinger [C. B.] 1884:48, not Pl. 5 (fig. 6), Pl. 13 (fig. 2) [Die Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 2625] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntypes: SMNS 891 (2) Massawa. Type catalog: Fricke 1992:10 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:39 [ref. 29864]. Originally as rüppellii, corrected to rueppellii by Kullander 2016:96 [ref. 34436]. •Synonym of Gerres acinaces Bleeker 1854 -- (Dor 1984:146 [ref. 29757]). •Status uncertain -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:391 [ref. 24200]). •Synonym of Gerres longirostris (Lacepède 1801) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 2001:955 [ref. 25800], Kottelat 2013:346 [ref. 32989], Golani & Fricke 2018:96 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres longirostris (Lacepède 1801). Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

ryukyuensis, Gerres Iwatsuki [Y.], Kimura [S.] & Yoshino [T.] 2007:174, Figs. 4A, 5 [Ichthyological Research v. 54; ref. 29158] Haneji Inland Sea, 26°39'14"N, 128°00'36"E, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: MUFS 9593. Paratypes: MUFS 9594 (1), 9595 (1), 9596 (1). •Valid as Gerres ryukyuensis Iwatsuki, Kimura & Yoshino 2007. Current status: Valid as Gerres ryukyuensis Iwatsuki, Kimura & Yoshino 2007. Gerreidae. Distribution: Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

sciasemion, Eucinostomus Fowler [H. W.] 1950:80, Figs. 19-20 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 102; ref. 12949] Huffington Creek at Watering Place, 1/2 mile north of Alligator Point, Old Providence Island, West Indies. Holotype: ANSP 71769 (with paratypes). Paratypes: ANSP 71770-71 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:103 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Eucinostomus harengulus Goode & Bean 1879. Current status: Synonym of Eucinostomus harengulus Goode & Bean 1879. Gerreidae. Habitat: marine.

septemfasciatus, Gerres Liu [J.] & Yan [Y.-R.] 2009:355, Fig. 1 [Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 31089] South China Sea, Xinying Harbor, Lingao County, Hainan Province, China. Holotype: IOCA 07-0198. Paratypes: GDOU 08-0001 to 0003 (3). •Valid as Gerres septemfasciatus Liu & Yan 2009. Current status: Valid as Gerres septemfasciatus Liu & Yan 2009. Gerreidae. Distribution: South China Sea, China. Habitat: marine.

setifer, Chanda Hamilton [F.] 1822:105, 370 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Ganges River estuaries, India. No types known. Originally as "Chanda ?" •Valid as Gerreomorpha setifer (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:839 [ref. 20764], Mishra et al. 1999:87 [ref. 25315], Khan 2003:9 [ref. 27710]). •Valid as Gerres setifer (Hamilton 1822) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:34 [ref. 23737], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:247 [ref. 24754], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:164 [ref. 25128], Iwatsuki et al. 2001:307 [ref. 25549], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S109 [ref. 27377], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2007:85 [ref. 29037], Kimura & Iwatsuki 2009:151 [ref. 31129], Kottelat 2013:347 [ref. 32989], Suresh et al. 2018:240 [ref. 36495]). Current status: Valid as Gerres setifer (Hamilton 1822). Gerreidae. Distribution: Northeastern Indian Ocean: east coast of India and Andaman Sea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

shima, Gerres Iwatsuki [Y.], Kimura [S.] & Yoshino [T.] 2007:174, Figs. 3D, 4B [Ichthyological Research v. 54; ref. 29158] Hisha River estuary, 24°23'40"N, 123°48'44"E, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: MUFS 10206. Paratypes: FRLM 10204 (1), 10205 (1), 32601 (1), 32602 (1); MUFS 10204 (1) 10205 (1). Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Gerres shima Iwatsuki, Kimura & Yoshino 2007 -- (Iwatsuki in Kimura & Iwatsuki 2009:151 [ref. 31129], Iwatsuki in Kimura et al. 2015:53 [ref. 34319], Motomura et al. 2017:141 [ref. 35490], Iwatsuki in Kimura et al. 2018:162 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Gerres shima Iwatsuki, Kimura & Yoshino 2007. Gerreidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Sea, Malaysia and Western Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

silaceus, Gerres Iwatsuki [Y.], Kimura [S.] & Yoshino [T.] 2001:165, Fig. 1 [Copeia 2001 (no. 1); ref. 25128] Sea-grass bed, inner area of northern Pattani Bay, Pattani Province, Thailand, 6°55.00'N, 101°15.16'E. Holotype: NSMT-P 45900. Paratypes: ZMUC-P 48362-63 (2). •Valid as Gerres silaceus Iwatsuki, Kimura & Yoshino 2001 -- (Iwatsuki et al. 2001:307 [ref. 25549]). Current status: Valid as Gerres silaceus Iwatsuki, Kimura & Yoshino 2001. Gerreidae. Distribution: Thailand. Habitat: marine.

simillimus, Gerres Regan [C. T.] 1907:38, Pl. 8 (fig. 2) [Biologia Centrali-Americana Part 215; ref. 3629] Río Presidio, Mexico. Syntypes: (several) BMNH 1895.5.27.203-206 [from Jordan] (4). •Synonym of Gerres cinereus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:310 [ref. 24550]). •Valid as Gerres simillimus Regan 1907 -- (Angulo et al. 2013:1002 [ref. 33194], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34871], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:91 [ref. 35859], García-Rodríguez 2019:[12] [ref. 36709], González-Murcia et al. 2019:303 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Gerres simillimus Regan 1907. Gerreidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Baja California and central Gulf of California (Mexico) south to Panama, including Galapagos Islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

singaporensis, Gerres Steindachner [F.] 1870:568 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 60 (1. Abth.) (no. 3); ref. 18770] Singapore. Syntypes: NMW 72388 (2). •Synonym of Gerres erythrourus (Bloch 1791) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1998:165 [ref. 23310], Iwatsuki et al. 1999:391 [ref. 24200], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2001:1047 [ref. 25822], Kottelat 2013:345 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres erythrourus (Bloch 1791). Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

socotranus, Gerres Steindachner [F.] 1902:316 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 39 (no. 24) (art. 76); ref. 14894] Kor Garrieh, Socotra Island, Yemen. Syntypes: (several) NMW. Described in detail in Steindachner 1903:137 [ref. 15046]. •Synonym of Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:385 [ref. 24200], Kottelat 2013:346 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775). Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

splendens, Gerres De Vis [C. W.] 1884:400 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 1090] Cardwell, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.94. •Valid as Gerres splendens De Vis 1884 -- (authors). •Synonym of Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:385 [ref. 24200], Hoese & Bray 2006:1216 [ref. 29000], Kottelat 2013:346 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775). Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

squamipinnis, Gerres Günther [A.] 1859:349 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Jamaica; Guatemala. Syntypes: (at least 6) BMNH 1848.1.12.922-.923 and .925-.927 (5, dry skins), BMNH 1853.1.11.1 (1) Guatemala;, ?ZMB 6797 (?1) Panama. Also listed was Plate XXI, but on preface p. vi it is stated, "The Plates referred to, and executed by Mr. Ford, will be published as a separate volume." Gerreidae. Habitat: marine.

subfasciatus, Gerres Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:477 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-9479. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-9478 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:17 [ref. 15502]. Lectotype selected by Iwatsuki et al. 2007:177, 183 [ref. 29158]. •Valid as Gerres subfasciatus Cuvier 1830 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:88 [ref. 25477], Kuiter 1993:194 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:138 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:166 [ref. 25488], Johnson 1999:736 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Woodland 2001:2960 [ref. 26102], Morgan et al. 2004:151 [ref. 27718], Iwatsuki & Heemstra 2007:85 [ref. 29037], Hoese & Bray 2006:1216 [ref. 29000], Iwatsuki et al. 2007:177 [ref. 29158], Gomon 2008:586 [ref. 30616], Hoschke et al. 2019:156 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Gerres subfasciatus Cuvier 1830. Gerreidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Australia; possibly southern New Guinea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

vaigiensis, Gerres Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:292 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Rawak Island, Bismarck Archipelago and Waugeo, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-9489 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1989:17 [ref. 15502]. On Official List of Specific Names in Zoology, Opinion 962. •Synonym of Gerres argyreus (Forster 1801) -- (authors). •Synonym of Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775) -- (Iwatsuki et al. 1999:385 [ref. 24200], Hoese & Bray 2006:1216 [ref. 29000], Kottelat 2013:346 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gerres oyena (Forsskål 1775). Gerreidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

zebra, Gerres Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] in Schomburgk 1848:668 [14] [The history of Barbados; comprising a geographical description of the island and an account of its geology and natural productions.; ref. 17812] Barbados, West Indies. Syntypes: ZMB 1210 (3). Appeared first as above; reprinted in Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 1848:14. Gerreidae. Habitat: marine.