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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Nemipteridae: [ 187 ] records


affinis, Scolopsis Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1877:832 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1876; ref. 3454] Carteret Harbour, Lambom Island, near Cape Saint-George, southern New Ireland, Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea, western Pacific, ca. 4°48'S, 152°51'E. Syntypes: ZMB 9584-85 (1, 1) New Ireland, 9781 (1) New Britain. •Valid as Scolopsis affinis Peters 1877 -- (Russell 1990:103 [ref. 19228], Randall et al. 1990:206 [ref. 15987], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:321 [ref. 27969], Chen 1997:346 [ref. 23444], Allen 1997:140 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:170 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:206 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:157 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:855 [ref. 25086], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:104 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Russell 2001:3086 [ref. 26106], Nakabo 2002:855 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:41 [ref. 26830], Béarez 2003:61 [ref. 27027], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:104 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Allen et al. 2006:1248 [ref. 29090], Motomura in Shibukawa & Motomura 2009:158 [ref. 31131], Motomura et al. 2010:124 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:484 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2019:166 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:484 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Scolopsis affinis Peters 1877. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Myanmar and Andaman Sea east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

akatamae, Parascolopsis Miyamoto [K.], McMahan [C. D.] & Kaneko [A.] 2020:92, Figs. 1A, 2A-D, 4A-C [Zootaxa 4881 (no. 1); ref. 37942] Off Motobu, Okinawa-jima Island, southern Japan, 26°38'27"N, 127°45'39"E, depth 200 meters. Holotype: OCF-P 4098. Paratypes: (10) FMNH, FRLM, KAUM-I, MUFS, OCF-P. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Parascolopsis akatamae Miyamoto, McMahan & Kaneko 2020. Current status: Valid as Parascolopsis akatamae Miyamoto, McMahan & Kaneko 2020. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea, Arabian Sea, Madagascar, Iraq, India, Thailand, Indonesia, Timor and Arafura Sea, Philippines, Taiwan to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

andamanensis, Nemipterus Bineesh [K. K.], Russell [B. C.] & Chandra [K.] 2018:83, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa 4500 (no. 1); ref. 36219] Junglighat fish market, Port Blair, Cinque Island, south Andaman Islands, Andaman Sea, 1118.45"N, 9241.03"E. Holotype: ZSI/ANRC-19225. Paratypes: ZSI/ANRC. •Valid as Nemipterus andamanensis Bineesh, Russell & Chandra 2018. Current status: Valid as Nemipterus andamanensis Bineesh, Russell & Chandra 2018. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Andaman Islands, Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

argyrosoma, Lycogenis Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:xxj, 346 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 5; ref. 999] Not available, Kuhl and van Hasselt name mentioned in passing in account of Scolopsides lycogenis; from Java, Indonesia. •In the synonymy of Scolopsis ciliata (Lacepède 1802) -- (Russell 1990:108 [ref. 19228] as ciliatus, Kottelat 2013:350 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis ciliata (Lacepède 1802). Nemipteridae.

argyrosomus, Scolopsis Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:333 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 5; ref. 999] Not available, name mentioned in passing in account of Scolopsis vosmeri; from Java, Indonesia. •Mention -- (Bauchot et al. 1983:17 [ref. 11366]) •In the synonymy of Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792) -- (Russell 1990:122 [ref. 19228], Kottelat 2013::350 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792). Nemipteridae.

armatus, Cynaedus Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:55 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Indian seas. No types known. •Synonym of Scolopsis bilineatus (Bloch 1793) -- (Parenti 2019:93 [ref. 36892] with author as Block). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis bilineatus (Bloch 1793). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

aspinosa, Scolopsis Rao [D. M.] & Rao [K. S.] 1981:134, Figs. 1, 3 [Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen (Series C, Biological and Medical Sciences) v. 84 (no. 1); ref. 8575] Off Waltair, eastern coast of India, 17°42'N, 83°20'E, depth 20-25 meters. Holotype: RMNH 28192. Paratypes: BMNH 1979.12.18.1 (1); Zool. Mus. Andhra Univ. (20). Additional material: NTMS 10823-001 (1), •Valid as Parascolopsis aspinosa (Rao & Rao 1981) -- (Russell 1990:67 [ref. 19228], Russell & Golani 1993:339 [ref. 21129], Goren & Dor 1994:40 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:216 [ref. 22896], Russell 1996:64 [ref. 22469], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:318 [ref. 27969], Carpenter et al. 1997:186 [ref. 23922], Naik et al. 2002:76 [ref. 26716], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S110 [ref. 27377], Barman & Mishra 2009:17 [ref. 37652], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:426 [ref. 33460], Psomadakis et al. 2015:269 [ref. 34104], Nair et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34793], Ali et al. 2018:330 [ref. 36183], Golani & Fricke 2018:94 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:91 [ref. 37020], Mohanty et al. 2020:1438 [ref. 37820], Psomadakis et al. 2020:483 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Parascolopsis aspinosa (Rao & Rao 1981). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden and Persian Gulf east to Myanmar and Andaman Sea. Habitat: marine.

aurata, Perca Park [M.] 1797:35 [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London v. 3 (art. 9); ref. 17801] Habitat in Sumatræ littore [Bengkulu Province, Sumatra, Indonesia, eastern Indian Ocean]. Syntypes: BMNH 1863.11.12.7 (dry, left half skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1974:473 [ref. 31545]. Original is Perca aurata, since Scolopsis is feminine, the correct combination should be Scolopsis aurata. •Valid as Scolopsis aurata (Park 1797) -- (Russell 1990:104 [ref. 19228] as auratus, Mohsin & Ambak 1996:322 [ref. 27969] as auratus, Allen 1997:140 [ref. 23977], Fricke 1999:303 [ref. 24106] as auratus, Russell 2001:3087 [ref. 26106] as auratus, Allen & Adrim 2003:41 [ref. 26830], Barman & Mishra 2009:26 [ref. 37652], Allen & Erdmann 2012:485 [ref. 31980]. Ali et al. 2018:330 [ref. 36183]). Current status: Valid as Scolopsis aurata (Park 1797). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to western Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

aureofasciatus, Pentapodus Russell [B. C.] 2001:53, Figs. 1-2 [The Beagle (Occasional Papers of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences) v. 17; ref. 26651] Tutuila Island, American Samoa, 14°18'S, 170°42'W (Fagatogo market). Holotype: NTM S.10919-001. Paratypes: AMNH 1858.4.29:483 (1); AMS I.16010-001 (1), I.17466-021 (1), I.20584-003 (2); ASIZP 055680 (1);BPBM 20868 (1), 27118 (1), 27838 (1), 29186 (1), 30250 (1); NTM S.10728-001 (3); QM I.16606 (1), I.16609 (1), I.19753 (1), I.20333 (1); WAM P.28095-001 (1); URM P11790 (1), P20053 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:29 [ref. 30117], Ho & Shao 2011:47 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Pentapodus aureofasciatus Russell 2001 -- (Randall et al. 2004:17 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:283 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1246 [ref. 29090], Motomura & Harazaki 2007:23 [ref. 29491], Allen & Erdmann 2009:285 [ref. 30093], Motomura et al. 2010:124 [ref. 31256], Ho & Shao 2011:47 [ref. 31432], Allen & Erdmann 2012:479 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:92 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:45 [ref. 35333], Allen et al. 2018:88 [ref. 36276], Fricke et al. 2019:166 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pentapodus aureofasciatus Russell 2001. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Brunei and Malaysia east to Caroline Islands, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Samoa and Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

aureovittatus, Lutjanus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:181, 216 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Sumatra, Indonesia. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:34 [ref. 21549]. New name for Perca aurata Park 1797. •Synonym of Scolopsis aurata (Park 1797) -- (Russell 1990:104 [ref. 19228] as auratus). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis aurata (Park 1797). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

aurifilum, Pentapus Ogilby [J. D.] 1910:93 [On some new fishes from the Queensland coast; ref. 3289] Southern Queensland, Australia, depth 13-70 fathoms. Syntypes: (841) ?QM I.506 (1) off North Reef. For remarks on types see Imamura & Hoese 2020:[8] [ref. 37793]. •Valid as Nemipterus aurifilum (Ogilby 1910) -- (Russell 1990:26 [ref. 19228], Russell 2001:3078 [ref. 26106], Allen et al. 2006:1242 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus aurifilum (Ogilby 1910). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

aurofrenatus, Maenoides Richardson [J.] 1843:8, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Icones piscium, or plates of rare fishes; ref. 6537] Tale Bay, Australia [probably Talc Bay, Darwin]. No types known. Originally Maenoides ? auro-frenatus. •Synonym of Pentapodus porosus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Russell 1990:88 [ref. 19228], Larson & Williams 1997:360 [ref. 23967], Allen et al. 2006:1247 [ref. 29090], Larson et al. 2013:145 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Synonym of Pentapodus porosus (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

aurora, Nemipterus Russell [B. C.] 1993:296, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 39 (no. 4); ref. 13441] Kota Kinabalu fish market, Sabah, East Malaysia, 5°59'N, 116°04'E. Holotype: NTM S.10677-020. Paratypes: ASIZT 055804 (1 of 2); NTM S.10677-024 (1), 11340-009 (1), 12006-002 (3); PMBC 4689 (2, now 1); PPPO NCIP 4002 (1). Type catalog: Nateewanthana 1990:71 [ref. 20165] as aurorus prior to the original description, Ho & Shao 2011:46 [ref. 31432]. The name 'aurora' is a noun in apposition and therefore used without change of ending. •Valid as Nemipterus aurorus Russell 1993 -- (Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Nemipterus aurora Russell 1993 -- (Nakabo 2000:848 [ref. 25086], Russell 2001:3062 [ref. 26106], Nakabo 2002:848 [ref. 26001], Ho & Shao 2011:46 [ref. 31432], Russel & Ho 2017:287 [ref. 35134], Motomura et al. 2017:145 [ref. 35490], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:175 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus aurora Russell 1993. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia and Vietnam to Japan. Habitat: marine.

balinensis, Dentex Bleeker [P.] 1858:155 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 17 (no. 1); ref. 16982] Boleling, northern Bali, Indonesia. •Valid as Nemipterus balinensis (Bleeker 1858) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:86 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:27 [ref. 19228], Allen 1997:136 [ref. 23977], Russell 2001:3078 [ref. 26106], Allen et al. 2006:1242 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2014:92 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus balinensis (Bleeker 1858). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

balinensoides, Synagris Popta [C. M. L.] 1918:7 [Zweite Fortsetzung der Beschreibung von neuen Fischarten der Sunda-Expedition; ref. 15101] Brang Nee River, Sumbawa Island, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Nemipterus balinensoides (Popta 1918) -- (Russell 1990:28 [ref. 19228], Russell 2001:3078 [ref. 26106], Larson et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:349 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:143 [ref. 34464], Motomura et al. 2017:145 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus balinensoides (Popta 1918). Nemipteridae. Distribution: West Pacific: Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

baranesi, Parascolopsis Russell [B. C.] & Golani [D.] 1993:341, Fig. 1 [Israel Journal of Zoology v. 39 (no. 4); ref. 21129] Off Eilat‎, Israel, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, depth 350 meters. Holotype: HUJ 13958. Paratypes: BPBM 31814 (2); HUJ 11397 (1), 13729 (1), 16428 (1), 17078 (1), 17081 (1), 17084 (1), 17086-88 (1, 1, 1); NTM S.13738-001 (1), S.13740-001 (1). Type catalog: Golani 2006:27 [ref. 28840] with holotype as 13593 (needs checking). •Valid as Parascolopsis baranesi Russell & Golani 1993 -- (Russell 1996:64 [ref. 22469], Naik et al. 2002:75 [ref. 26716], Nair et al. 2012:396 [ref. 32543], Nair et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34793], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[5] 243 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:95 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Parascolopsis baranesi Russell & Golani 1993. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic: Gulf of Aqaba. Records from India questionable. Habitat: marine.

bathybius, Nemipterus Snyder [J. O.] 1911:532, Fig. 6 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 40 (no. 1836); ref. 4152] Kagoshima, Japan. Holotype: USNM 68232. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22495 [also = 21421 [not 214201 as published]] (2), ?USNM 75145 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:76 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Nemipterus bathybius Snyder 1911 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:85 [ref. 19754], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:176 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:86 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:30 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:298 [ref. 13441], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:301 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:136 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:95 [ref. 26476], Youn 1998:261 [ref. 25741], Nakabo 2000:850 [ref. 25086], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:326 [ref. 25995], Russell 2001:3063 [ref. 26106], Nakabo 2002:850 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:345, 617 [ref. 26218], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:101 [ref. 27510], Allen et al. 2006:1242 [ref. 29090], Motomura in Shibukawa & Motomura 2009:156 [ref. 31131], Larson et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32988], Russel & Ho 2017:287 [ref. 35134], Motomura et al. 2017:145 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2019:165 [ref. 36673], Sonoyama et al. 2020:70 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus bathybius Snyder 1911. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Sea east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Sea of Japan, south to northwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

berryae, Pentapodus Allen [G. R.], Erdmann [M. V.] & Brooks [W. M.] 2018:82, Figs. 1-3, 5A [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 24 (no. 2); ref. 36276] Ka Point, East Cape area, Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea, 10°12.498'S, 150°35.102'E, depth 60-65 meters. Holotype: WAM P.34852-001. Paratypes: WAM. •Valid as Pentapodus berryae Allen, Erdmann & Brooks 2018. Current status: Valid as Pentapodus berryae Allen, Erdmann & Brooks 2018. Nemipteridae. Distribution: East Cape area, Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

bifasciatus, Heterognathodon Bleeker [P.] 1848:636 [Journal of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia (Singapore) v. 2 (no. 9); ref. 315] Bima, Sumbawa Island, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (?): RMNH 30340 [ex RMNH 5673]. See also Bleeker 1850:30 [ref. 16906]. •Valid as Pentapodus bifasciatus (Bleeker 1848) -- (Russell 1990:82 [ref. 19228], Allen 1997:140 [ref. 23977], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:104 [ref. 25868], Russell 2001:3083 [ref. 26106], Russell 2001:56 [ref. 26651], Allen & Adrim 2003:40 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2009:285 [ref. 30093], Allen & Erdmann 2012:480 [ref. 31980], Imamura in Kimura et al. 2015:58 [ref. 34319], Motomura et al. 2017:150 [ref. 35490], Allen et al. 2018:86 [ref. 36276]). Current status: Valid as Pentapodus bifasciatus (Bleeker 1848). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Singapore, Malaysia, Philippines and western Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

bilineatus, Anthias Bloch [M. E.] 1793:3, Pl. 325 (fig. 1) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 7; ref. 4868] Japan. No types known. On p. 1 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 10 [ref. 21381]. Correct is Scolopsis bilineata. •Valid as Scolopsis bilineatus (Bloch 1793) -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:175 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:88 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:105 [ref. 19228], Francis 1993:162 [ref. 25479], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:286 [ref. 24014], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:322 [ref. 27969] as bilineatus, Allen 1997:138 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:206 [ref. 25919], Allen 2000:89 [ref. 37268], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:277 [ref. 25191], Russell 2001:3087 [ref. 26106], Randall 2005:284 [ref. 28239] as bilineatus). •Valid as Scolopsis bilineata (Bloch 1793) -- (Randall et al. 1990:206 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:195 [ref. 23929], Chen 1997:346 [ref. 23444], Kuiter 1997:170 [ref. 25488], Myers 1999:157 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:736 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:852 [ref. 25086], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:104 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:101 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:852 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:41 [ref. 26830], Béarez 2003:61 [ref. 27027], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:104 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:17 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Allen et al. 2006:1248 [ref. 29090], Barman & Mishra 2009:27 [ref. 37652], Motomura in Shibukawa & Motomura 2009:158 [ref. 31131], Motomura et al. 2010:124 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:485 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:92 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:45 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2019:166 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:485 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Scolopsis bilineata (Bloch 1793). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Maldives, Laccadives (India) and Sri Lanka east to Caroline Islands, Fiji and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), Lord Howe Island and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

bimaculatus, Scolopsis Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1828:8, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntypes: SMF 2229 (1), 3038 (1, dry), 17033-34 (2), 17517 (1, skeleton). Gender of genus is female, so correct name is bimaculata. •Valid as Scolopsis bimaculatus Rüppell 1828 -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:136 [ref. 19756], Dor 1984:145 [ref. 29757], Russell 1986:601 [ref. 5708], Russell 1990:107 [ref. 19228], Goren & Dor 1994:40 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:217 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:186 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:99 [ref. 26476], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S110 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:37 [ref. 27712], Ali et al. 2018:330 [ref. 36183], Golani & Fricke 2018:95 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:80 [ref. 36871]). •Valid as Scolopsis bimaculata Rüppell 1828 -- (Barman & Mishra 2009:28 [ref. 37652] with author as Ruppell, Psomadakis et al. 2015:270 [ref. 34104], Fricke et al. 2018:211 [ref. 35805], Eagderi et al. 2019:91 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Scolopsis bimaculata Rüppell 1828. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indian Ocean: East Africa, Socotra, Persian Gulf and Madagascar east to Sri Lanka and Bay of Bengal (India). Habitat: marine.

bipunctatus, Dentex Valenciennes [A.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:247 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN (whereabouts unknown). Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:82-83 [ref. 20898], Bauchot et al. 1983:13 [ref. 11366]. •Synonym of Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch 1791) -- (Dor 1984:144 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Nemipterus bipunctatus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Russell 1986:600 [ref. 5708], Russell 1990:31 [ref. 19228], Goren & Dor 1994:39 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:215 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:302 [ref. 27969] with author as Ehrenberg, Carpenter et al. 1997:185 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S110 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:36 [ref. 27712] with author as Ehrenberg, Barman & Mishra 2009:6 [ref. 37652], Motomura in Shibukawa & Motomura 2009:157 [ref. 31131], Russell & Tweddle 2013:197 [ref. 32547], Psomadakis et al. 2015:267 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:330 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:211 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:94 [ref. 36273], Jawad et al. 2018:115 [ref. 36262], Eagderi et al. 2019:90 [ref. 37020], Psomadakis et al. 2020:480 [ref. 37272], Russell & Gouws 2020:579 [ref. 38021]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus bipunctatus (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indian Ocean: East Africa, Madagascar, Mauritius and Persian Gulf east to Myanmar, Andaman Sea and Strait of Malacca. Habitat: marine.

bleekeri, Scolopsis Günther [A.] 1859:361 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Sea of Solor. No types known. Based on Scolopsides lineatus of Bleeker 1853:73 [ref. 16911], not of Rüppell. •Synonym of Scolopsis bilineatus (Bloch 1793) -- (Russell 1990:105 [ref. 19228]). •Synonym of Scolopsis bilineata (Bloch 1793). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis bilineata (Bloch 1793). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

bleekeri, Synagris Day [F.] 1875:92, Pl. 24 (fig. 1) [The fishes of India Part 1; ref. 1080] Madras, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: BMNH 1889.2.1.2963-2967 (5), 1889.2.1.4245 (1); ZSI F290 (1, figured specimen). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:143 [ref. 20743] with a holotype, Whitehead & Talwar 1976:159 [ref. 23762]. •Synonym of Nemipterus bipunctatus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Russell 1986:600 [ref. 5708], Russell 1990:31 [ref. 19228], Randall 1995:215 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:185 [ref. 23922], Fricke et al. 2018:211 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus bipunctatus (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

blochii, Dentex Bleeker [P.] 1851:176 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 16895] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. •Synonym of Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch 1791) -- (Russell 1990:37 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:302 [ref. 13441], Ning et al. 2015:2 [ref. 35427]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch 1791). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

boesemani, Scolopsis Rao [D. M.] & Rao [K. S.] 1981:139, Figs. 2, 4 [Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen (Series C, Biological and Medical Sciences) v. 84 (no. 1); ref. 8575] Waltair, eastern coast of India, 17°42'N, 83°20'E. Holotype (unique): RMNH 28191. •Valid as Parascolopsis boesemani (Rao & Rao 1981) -- (Russell 1990:68 [ref. 19228], Naik et al. 2002:74 [ref. 26716], Barman & Mishra 2009:18 [ref. 37652], Psomadakis et al. 2015:269 [ref. 34104], Nair et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34793]). Current status: Valid as Parascolopsis boesemani (Rao & Rao 1981). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean: Pakistan and India. Habitat: marine.

bulanensis, Scolopsis Evermann [B. W.] & Seale [A.] 1907:85, Fig. 5 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 26 (Doc. 607) (for 1906); ref. 1285] Bulan, Sorsogon, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 55909. •Synonym of Scolopsis xenochrous Günther 1872 -- (Russell 1990:123 [ref. 19228]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis xenochrous Günther 1872. Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

burukuarem, Scolopsides Thiollière [V. J. de l'I.] in Montrouzier 1857:437 [159] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. On p. 159 of reprint. •Mention -- (Russell 1990:125 [ref. 19228]). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

cancellatus, Scolopsides Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:351 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 5; ref. 999] Îles Sandwich [Hawaiian Islands, erroneous]; Waigiou, Rauwac, Papua Barat, Indonesia; Uléa, Micronesia; Québé and Vanikoro [Santa Cruz Islands, Solomon Islands]. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-7881 (2) Vanikoro, MNHN 0000-7882 (2) Waigiou, MNHN 0000-7883 (1) Polynesia. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:9-10 [ref. 11366]. The Hawaiian record is erroneous; the family does not occur in the Hawaiian Islands -- (Mundy 2005:386 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Scolopsis cancellatus [cancellata] (Cuvier 1830) -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:175 [ref. 6441]). •Synonym of Scolopsis lineata Quoy & Gaimard 1824 -- (Russell 1990:112 [ref. 19228] as lineatus, Randall et al. 1990:206 [ref. 15987] as lineatus, Chen 1997:347 [ref. 23444], Randall 2005:285 [ref. 28239] as lineatus). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis lineata Quoy & Gaimard 1824. Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

caninus, Scolopsides Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:354 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 5; ref. 999] Doreh, New Guinea. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7865. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:10 [ref. 11366]. •Valid as Pentapodus caninus (Cuvier 1830) -- (Russell 1990:83 [ref. 19228], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:319 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:140 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:157 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:847 [ref. 25086], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Russell 2001:3084 [ref. 26106], Nakabo 2002:847 [ref. 26001], Kishimoto et al. 2002:4 [ref. 26569], Russell 2001:56 [ref. 26651], Allen & Adrim 2003:40 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:628 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:103 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:17 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:283 [ref. 28239], Motomura & Harazaki 2007:24 [ref. 29491], Motomura et al. 2010:124 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:480 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:92 [ref. 33932], Allen et al. 2018:87 [ref. 36276], Fricke et al. 2019:166 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pentapodus caninus (Cuvier 1830). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Marshall Islands and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

capitinis, Parascolopsis Russell [B. C.] 1996:64, Fig. [Journal of South Asian Natural History v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 22469] Colombo fish market, from off Trincomalee (8°34'N, 81°13'E), Sri Lanka. Holotype: USNM 266885. Paratypes: NTM S.13159-005 (4), USNM 265221 (2). •Valid as Parascolopsis capitinis Russell 1996 -- (Naik et al. 2002:76 [ref. 26716], Nair et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34793]). Current status: Valid as Parascolopsis capitinis Russell 1996. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Sri Lanka and southwest coast of India. Habitat: marine.

celebicus, Dentex Bleeker [P.] 1854:245 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 345] Makassar,Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5691. •Valid as Nemipterus celebicus (Bleeker 1854) -- (Dor 1984:144 [ref. 29757], Allen & Swainston 1988:86 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:33 [ref. 19228], Goren & Dor 1994:39 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:136 [ref. 23977], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Russell 2001:3064 [ref. 26106], Allen et al. 2006:1242 [ref. 29090], Larson et al. 2013:143 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus celebicus (Bleeker 1854). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ciliatus, Holocentrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1802:333, 367, 370 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] No locality [Mer des Indes, Indo-West Pacific]. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8091. Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:47 [ref. 20740], Bauchot et al. 1983:7 [ref. 11366]. Based on description in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). •Valid as Scolopsis ciliata (Lacepède 1802) -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:175 [ref. 6441], Russell 1990:108 [ref. 19228], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:287 [ref. 24014], Goren & Dor 1994:40 [ref. 25356], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:323 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:140 [ref. 23977], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:277 [ref. 25191], Russell 2001:3087 [ref. 26106], Béarez 2003:61 [ref. 27027], Randall 2005:284 [ref. 28239]). •Valid [correctly] as Scolopsis ciliata (Lacepède 1802) -- (Chen 1997:346 [ref. 23444], Myers 1999:158 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:852 [ref. 25086], Allen 2000:104 [ref. 25868], Nakabo 2002:852 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:41 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:104 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Barman & Mishra 2009:29 [ref. 37652], Shibukawa in Shibukawa & Motomura 2009:159 [ref. 31131], Allen & Erdmann 2012:486 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:350 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:92 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:167 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:485 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Scolopsis ciliata (Lacepède 1802). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Myanmar, Andaman Islands and Nicobar Islands (India) and Indonesia east to Caroline Islands, New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Vanuatu, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to southern Indonesia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

collaris, Scolopsides Günther [A.] 1859:356 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Not available, name on specimen from Moluccas mentioned under Scolopsis torquatus. •In the synonymy of Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792) -- (Russell 1990:122 [ref. 19228], Kottelat 2013:350 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792). Nemipteridae.

curite, Scolopsis Cuvier [G.] 1815:361 [Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) v. 1; ref. 1019] Visakpatham, India. No types known. Based on Russell 1803:9, Pl. 2 (fig. 3). •Synonym of Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792) -- (Kottelat 2013:350 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

cyanotaeniatus, Maenoides Richardson [J.] 1843:9, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Icones piscium, or plates of rare fishes; ref. 6537] Depuch Island, Western Australia. Originally Maenoides ? cyaneo-taeniatus. •Synonym of Scaevius milii (Bory de Saint-Vincent 1823) -- (Russell 1990:87 [ref. 19228], Allen et al. 2006:1247 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Scaevius milii (Bory de Saint-Vincent 1823). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

decacanthus, Bodianus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:281, 293 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] No locality [Molucca Islands, Indonesia ?]. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-9446 (2, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:12 [ref. 19171], Bauchot et al. 1983:6 [ref. 11366]. •Synonym of Pentapodus trivittatus (Bloch 1791) -- (Russell 1990:92 [ref. 19228]). Current status: Synonym of Pentapodus trivittatus (Bloch 1791). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

delagoae, Nemipterus Smith [J. L. B.] 1941:450 [Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa v. 28 (pt 5); ref. 19229] Delagoa Bay, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean, depth about 4 fathoms. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 12 [ex AMG]. Replacement name for Nemipterus mulloides Smith 1939, secondarily preoccupied in Nemipterus by Dentex mulloides Bleeker 1852. •Valid as Nemipterus delagoae Smith 1941 -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:176 [ref. 6441]). •Synonym of Nemipterus bipunctatus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Russell 1986:600 [ref. 5708], Russell 1990:31 [ref. 19228], Randall 1995:215 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:185 [ref. 23922]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus bipunctatus (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

doederleini, Heterognathodon Ishikawa [C.] 1904:10, Pl. 4 [Proceedings of the Department of Natural History, Tokyo Imperial Museum v. 1; ref. 9847] Kagoshima, Japan. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Parascolopsis inermis (Temminck & Schlegel 1843) -- (Russell 1990:71 [ref. 19228]). Current status: Synonym of Parascolopsis inermis (Temminck & Schlegel 1843). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

dubia, Cantharus Bory de Saint-Vincent [J. B. G. M.] 1823:160 (v. 3, CAD-CHI) [Dictionnaire Classique d'Histoire Naturelle; ref. 3853] Australia [Nouvelle-Hollande]. No types known. Figured in v. 17, 1831:Pl. 90 (fig. 2). Genus spelled Cantherus on plate, Cautherus in list of plates. Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

dubiosus, Scolopsis Weber [M.] 1913:282 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Fish market, Makassar, Sulawesi, Indonesia, Siboga station 71. Holotype: ZMA 114.483. Not a type: ZMA 114484 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:89 [ref. 19236], but see Nakamura et al. 2018:226 [ref. 36223]. Based on Scolopsis bimaculatus of Bleeker and specimens. •Valid as Scolopsis dubiosus Weber 1913 -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:175 [ref. 6441]). •Synonym of Scolopsis taeniopterus (Cuvier 1830) -- (Russell 1990:118 [ref. 19228]). •Synonym of Scolopsis taenioptera (Cuvier 1830) -- (Chen 1997:350 [ref. 23444], Nakamura et al. 2018:226 [ref. 36223]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis taenioptera (Cuvier 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

elaine, Nemipterus Russell [B. C.] & Gouws [G.] 2020:574, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 4895 (no. 4); ref. 38021] Mozambique Channel, Indian Ocean, 25°12'48"S, 35°59'54"E, depth 116 - 120 meters. Holotype: SAIAB 81939. Paratypes: SAIAB 209565 (6). •Valid as Nemipterus elaine Russell & Gouws 2020. Current status: Valid as Nemipterus elaine Russell & Gouws 2020. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Mozambique Channel, southwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

ellipticus, Lutjanus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:179, 213 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Japan. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1981:36 [ref. 21549], Bauchot et al. 1983:18 [ref. 11366]. Unneeded new name for Anthias bilineatus Bloch 1793. •Synonym of Scolopsis bilineatus (Bloch 1793) -- (Russell 1990:105 [ref. 19228]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis bilineata (Bloch 1793). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Scolopsis Weber [M.] 1913:281, Fig. 67 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Elat, High Key, Siboga station 261. Syntypes: ZMA 113093 (3). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:90 [ref. 19236]. •Synonym of Pentapodus trivittatus (Bloch 1791) -- (Russell 1990:92 [ref. 19228]). Current status: Synonym of Pentapodus trivittatus (Bloch 1791). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

emeryii, Mesoprion Richardson [J.] 1843:7, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Icones piscium, or plates of rare fishes; ref. 6537] Barrow Islands, northwestern Australia. Neotype: AMS IB.1549. Originally Mesoprion ??. Neotype designation not researched, not designated here. •Valid as Pentapodus emeryii (Richardson 1843) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:88 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:84 [ref. 19228], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:320 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:138 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:168 [ref. 25488], Machida & Hiramatsu 1999:53 [ref. 24161], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Russell 2001:3084 [ref. 26106], Russell 2001:55 [ref. 26651], Allen & Adrim 2003:40 [ref. 26830] as emeryi, Allen et al. 2006:1246 [ref. 29090], Shao et al. 2008:253 [ref. 29952], Allen & Erdmann 2009:285 [ref. 30093], Allen & Erdmann 2012:481 [ref. 31980], Allen et al. 2018:86 [ref. 36276], Fricke et al. 2019:166 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pentapodus emeryii (Richardson 1843). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Brunei, Malaysia and Indonesia east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), south to northern Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

enneadactylus, Pomacentrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:505, 508 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] No locality. Holotype: One of MNHN A-8089 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1978:47 [ref. 20862], Bauchot et al. 1983:9 [ref. 11366]. •Synonym of Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792) -- (Russell 1990:122 [ref. 19228] as enneodactylus, Kottelat 2013:350 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

eriomma, Scolopsis Jordan [D. S.] & Richardson [R. E.] 1909:188, Pl. 70 [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 4 (no. 4); ref. 2493] Kaohsiung [Takao], Taiwan. Holotype: FMNH 52247 [ex CM 317]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 9243 (2). Type catalog: Henn 1928:92 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:77 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:78 [ref. 12367], Ho & Shao 2011:47 [ref. 31432]. Type designated in Pl. 70. •Valid as Scolopsis eriomma Jordan & Richardson 1909 -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:140 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:92 [ref. 19754], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:175 [ref. 6441], Chen et al. 1997:99 [ref. 26476]). •Valid as Parascolopsis eriomma (Jordan & Richardson 1909) -- (Dor 1984:145 [ref. 29757], Russell 1986:601 [ref. 5708], Allen & Swainston 1988:88 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:69 [ref. 19228], Russell & Golani 1993:343 [ref. 21129], Baranes & Golani 1993:308 [ref. 22372], Goren & Dor 1994:40 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:216 [ref. 22896], Russell 1996:64 [ref. 22469], Russell & Chin 1996:417 [ref. 22753], Allen 1997:138 [ref. 23977], Nakabo 2000:851 [ref. 25086], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Russell 2001:3081 [ref. 26106], Nakabo 2002:851 [ref. 26001], Naik et al. 2002:73 [ref. 26716], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S110 [ref. 27377], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:102 [ref. 27510], Barman & Mishra 2009:20 [ref. 37652], Motomura et al. 2010:124 [ref. 31256], Ho & Shao 2011:47 [ref. 31432], Larson et al. 2013:145 [ref. 32988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:270 [ref. 34104], Nair et al. 2016:3 [ref. 34793], Motomura et al. 2017:148 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:330 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:211 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:95 [ref. 36273], Jawad et al. 2018:116 [ref. 36262] as P. eriomma s.l., Eagderi et al. 2019:91 [ref. 37020], Psomadakis et al. 2020:483 [ref. 37272], Miyamoto et al. 2020:97 [ref. 37942]). Current status: Valid as Parascolopsis eriomma (Jordan & Richardson 1909). Nemipteridae. Distribution: West Pacific: southern Japan, Philippines and south to northern Sulawesi, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

filamentosus, Cantharus Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1829:50, Pl. 12 (fig. 3) [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntypes: SMF 1227 (1) Massawa, 14059 (3), 14068 (1). Not the same as Nemipterus filamentosus (Valenciennes 1830). •Synonym of Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch 1791) -- (Dor 1984:144 [ref. 29757], Russell 1990:40 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:302 [ref. 13441], Ning et al. 2015:2 [ref. 35427], Golani & Fricke 2018:94 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch 1791). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

filamentosus, Dentex Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:254, Pl. 155 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Suriname. Holotype (unique): RMNH 1018. Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:83 [ref. 20898], Bauchot et al. 1983:13 [ref. 11366]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Cantharus filamentosus Rüppell 1828 first in Synagris and then in Nemipterus, replaced by Synagris macronemus Günther 1859. •Synonym of Nemipterus nematophorus (Bleeker 1854) -- (Russell 1990:17, 45 [ref. 19228], Russell 2001:3069 [ref. 26106]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus nematophorus (Bleeker 1854). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

filamentosus, Sparus (Nemipterus) Swainson [W.] 1839:223 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Based on Cuvier, Pl. 155 -- which is Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:Pl. 155 [ref. 996]. Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

filifer, Dentex Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:12 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): not at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:66 [ref. 20898], Bauchot et al. 1983:14 [ref. 11366]. •Synonym of Pentapodus paradiseus (Günther 1859) -- (Russell 1990:87 [ref. 19228], Allen et al. 2006:1246 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Pentapodus paradiseus (Günther 1859). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

filiformis, Dentex Seale [A.] 1910:512, Pl. 9 [The Philippine Journal of Science Section A v. 4 (no. 6) (for 1909); ref. 4000] Surigao, Mindanao Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): BSMP 1755 (apparently destroyed). •Synonym of Pentapodus setosus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Russell 1990:89 [ref. 19228]). Current status: Synonym of Pentapodus setosus (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

fischerii, Bodianus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:281, 293 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] No locality. Holotype (unique) (?): MNHN A-0688 (dry skin, left side). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:6 [ref. 11366]. •Questionably a synonym of Pentapodus trivittatus (Bloch 1791) -- (Russell 1990:92 [ref. 19228]). Current status: Uncertain as Pentapodus trivittatus (Bloch 1791). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

flaviventris, Heterognathodon Steindachner [F.] 1866:778, Pl. 13 (fig. 6) [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 16; ref. 18789] Zanzibar, Tanzania, eastern Africa. Holotype (unique): NMW 35599. •Synonym of Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch 1791) -- (Russell 1990:37 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:302 [ref. 13441], Ning et al. 2015:2 [ref. 35427]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch 1791). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

flavolinea, Synagris Fowler [H. W.] 1931:299, Fig. 8 [Hong Kong Naturalist v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 1408] Saukiwan, Hong Kong. Holotype: ANSP 53454 (not separated, in jar with paratype). Paratypes: ANSP 53455 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:131 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch 1791) -- (Russell 1990:37 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:302 [ref. 13441], Ning et al. 2015:3 [ref. 35427]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch 1791). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

flavomandibularis, Nemipterus Russell [B. C.] & Tweddle [D.] 2013:197, Figs. 2, 4 [Zootaxa 3630 (no. 1); ref. 32547] 10.91°S, 60.97°E, Saya da Malha Bank, Indian Ocean, depth 127 meters. Holotype: SAIAB 84192. Paratypes: many at AMS, MNHN, NSMT, NTM, SAIAB. •Valid as Nemipterus flavomandibularis Russell & Tweddle 2013 -- (Russell & Gouws 2020:579 [ref. 38021]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus flavomandibularis Russell & Tweddle 2013. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Seychelles Bank and Saya da Malha Bank, Mascarene Plateau. Habitat: marine.

formosulus, Pentapus Snyder [J. O.] 1911:531 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 40 (no. 1836); ref. 4152] Naha market, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype (unique): USNM 68247. •Synonym of Pentapodus caninus (Cuvier 1830) -- (Russell 1990:62 [ref. 19228]). Current status: Synonym of Pentapodus caninus (Cuvier 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

frenata, Perca Günther [A.] 1859:357 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Not available, name on specimen mentioned under Scolopsis bilineatus. •In the synonymy of Scolopsis bilineatus (Bloch 1793) -- (Russell 1990:105 [ref. 19228]). •In the synonymy of Scolopsis bilineata (Bloch 1793). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis bilineata (Bloch 1793). Nemipteridae.

frenatus, Scolopsides Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:343 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 5; ref. 999] Seychelles; Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-07838 (1) Seychelles, 0000-7874 (1) Mauritius, 0000-7875 (1) Seychelles, 00000-8518 (1) Seychelles. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:10 [ref. 11366]. •Valid as Scolopsis frenatus (Cuvier 1830) -- (Winterbottom et al. 1989:38 [ref. 13251], Russell 1990:109 [ref. 19228], Fricke 1999:303 [ref. 24106], Heemstra et al. 2004:3321 [ref. 27945], Barman & Mishra 2009:30 [ref. 37652], Fricke et al. 2009:67 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2018:212 [ref. 35805]). •Valid as Scolopsis frenata (Cuvier 1830) -- (Eagderi et al. 2019:91 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Scolopsis frenata (Cuvier 1830). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Madagascar, Seychelles and Mascarenes east to Lakshadweep Islands (India) and Chagos Archipelago. Habitat: marine.

furcosus, Dentex Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:244 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Trincomalee, Sri Lanka. Syntypes: MNHN 0132 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:83 [ref. 20898], Bauchot et al. 1983:6 [ref. 11366]. •Valid as Nemipterus furcosus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:86 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:34 [ref. 19228], Russell 1991:36 [ref. 20179], Russell 1993:299 [ref. 13441], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:302 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:136 [ref. 23977], Anderson et al. 1998:24 [ref. 23611], Myers 1999:157 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:848 [ref. 25086], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Russell 2001:3065 [ref. 26106], Nakabo 2002:848 [ref. 26001], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:37 [ref. 27712], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:282 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1243 [ref. 29090], Barman & Mishra 2009:7 [ref. 37652], Ning et al. 2011:829 [ref. 32152], Larson 2013:144 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:144 [ref. 34464], Ning et al. 2015:5 [ref. 35427], Russell & Ho 2017:287 [ref. 35134], Motomura et al. 2017:146 [ref. 35490], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:175 [ref. 36460], Fricke et al. 2019:165 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:480 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus furcosus (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Maldives, India and Myanmar east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

furcosus, Synagris Günther [A.] 1859:353 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Ambon, Australia and Louisade Archipeligo. Syntypes: BMNH 1858.4.21.242, 1851.2.20.10 and BMNH uncat. (dried or stuffed) Secondary junior homonym of Dentex furcosus Valenciennes 1830. Original perhaps a secondary use and not an original description (needs research) •Synonym of Nemipterus furcosus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen et al. 2006:1243 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus furcosus (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

gallinaceum, Pristipoma Richardson [J.] 1846:228 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Canton, China; China Seas. No types known. Original as Pristipoma? gallinaceum. Based solely on illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:215, Pl. 23a [ref. 11606]). •Synonym of Scolopsis margaritifera (Cuvier 1830) -- (Parenti 2019:187 [ref. 37021]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis margaritifera (Cuvier 1830). Nemipteridae.

ghanam, Sciaena Fabricius [J. C.] (ex Forsskål) in Niebuhr 1775:50, xii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea; [Lohajæ] Al-Luhayya, Yemen, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P4782 (dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:64 [ref. 9588], Fricke 2008:38 [ref. 30182]. Syntype figured (as holotype) in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 17 [ref. 20847]. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:38 [ref. 30182]. •Valid as Scolopsis ghanam (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:145 [ref. 29757], Russell 1986:601 [ref. 5708], Russell 1990:111 [ref. 19228], Goren & Dor 1994:40 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:217 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:187 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S110 [ref. 27377], Barman & Mishra 2009:31 [ref. 37652], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:426 [ref. 33460], Psomadakis et al. 2015:271 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:330 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:212 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:95 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:91 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:80 [ref. 36871]). •Valid as Scolopsis ghanam (Fabricius 1775) -- (Fricke 2008:38 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Valid as Scolopsis ghanam (Fabricius 1775). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indian Ocean: East Africa, Socotra, Persian Gulf and Madagascar east to Andaman Islands (India). Habitat: marine.

gracilis, Dentex Bleeker [P.] 1873:42 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 7; ref. 433] Java; Nias; Sulawesi; Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: •Valid as Nemipterus gracilis (Bleeker 1873) -- (Russell 1990:36 [ref. 19228], Russell 2001:3079 [ref. 26106]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus gracilis (Bleeker 1873). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

grammicus, Synagris Day [F.] 1865:14 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1865 (pt 1) (art. 1); ref. 17367] Cochin, Malabar coast, India. Holotype (unique): ZSI 2932 (destroyed). Day specimens: ZMB 8542 (1, dry) Madras. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:159 [ref. 23762]. Appeared first as above; also appeared in Day 1865:26, Pl. 4 [ref. 1074]. •Synonym of Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch 1791) -- (Russell 1990:37 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:302 [ref. 13441], Ning et al. 2015:2 [ref. 35427]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch 1791). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

grammopoecilum, Pristipoma Richardson [J.] 1846:228 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Canton, China. No types known. Originally as Pristipoma? grammopoecilum. Based solely on illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:215, Pl. 7a [ref. 11606]). •Synonym of Scolopsis margaritifera (Cuvier 1830) -- (Parenti 2019:187 [ref. 37021]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis margaritifera (Cuvier 1830). Nemipteridae.

guentheri, Nemipterus Ogilby [J. D.] 1918:58 [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 6; ref. 3298] Somerset, northern Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.2580 (not found in 1997). Based on Synagrus furcosus of Günther (not Valenciennes); replaced earlier by Nemipterus robustus Ogilby 1918. •Synonym of Nemipterus furcosus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Russell 1990:34 [ref. 19228], Russell 1991:37 [ref. 20179], Russell 1993:300 [ref. 13441], Allen et al. 2006:1243 [ref. 29090] as guntheri). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus furcosus (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

guliminda, Cantharus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:344 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Vizagapatam, India. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:65 [ref. 20898], Bauchot et al. 1983:13 [ref. 11366]. Based on a figure in Russell 1803, pl. 107. •Synonym of Nemipterus peronii (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Russell 1990:49 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:303 [ref. 13441], Kottelat 2013:349 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus peronii (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

hellmuthii, Heterognathodon Bleeker [P.] 1853:75 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 16911] Lawajong, Solor Island, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Pentapodus hellmuthii (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:97 [ref. 19754] as hellmuthi). •Synonym of Pentapodus caninus (Cuvier 1830) -- (Russell 1990:62 [ref. 19228]). Current status: Synonym of Pentapodus caninus (Cuvier 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

hexodon, Dentex Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:301 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Timor Island, southern Malay Archipelago. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-9039. Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:83 [ref. 20898], Bauchot et al. 1983:6 [ref. 11366]. •Valid as Nemipterus hexodon (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:88 [ref. 19754], Allen & Swainston 1988:86 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:37 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:301 [ref. 13441], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:306 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:136 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:95 [ref. 26476], Johnson 1999:736 [ref. 25471], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:101 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Russell 2001:3066 [ref. 26106], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:102 [ref. 27510], Allen et al. 2006:1243 [ref. 29090], Allen et al. 2006:1243 [ref. 29090], Barman & Mishra 2009:9 [ref. 37652], Motomura in Shibukawa & Motomura 2009:157 [ref. 31131], Larson et al. 2013:144 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:144 [ref. 34464], Ning et al. 2015:5 [ref. 35427], Russel & Ho 2017:287 [ref. 35134], Motomura et al. 2017:146 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2019:165 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:480 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus hexodon (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Myanmar and Andaman Sea east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Solomon Islands, north to Taiwan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

hypselognathus, Dentex Bleeker [P.] 1873:41 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 7; ref. 433] Java and Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 5697 (3). •Synonym of Nemipterus furcosus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Russell 1990:34 [ref. 19228], Russell 1991:37 [ref. 20179], Russell 1993:300 [ref. 13441]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus furcosus (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

igcarensis, Scolopsis Mishra [S. S.], Biswas [S.], Russell [B. C.], Satpathy [K. K.] & Selvanayagam [M.] 2013:444, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 3609 (no. 4); ref. 32430] Kalpakkam (12°33' N, 80°11' E), Tamil Nadu, India. Holotype: ZSI F-10623/2. Paratypes: BPBM 18765 (1), 19054 (1), 27712 (1); CMFRI GB.31.98.5.6 (1); ZSI F-10624/2 (5), 10625/2 (3). •Synonym of Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792) -- (Russell et al. 2019:591 [ref. 36827]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

inermis, Scolopsides Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:63, Pl. 28 (fig. 1) [Fauna Japonica Parts 2-4; ref. 4371] Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D337 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH D334-D336 (1, 1, 1, stuffed), 853 (1). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:69 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Scolopsis inermis (Temminck & Schlegel 1843) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:138 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:92 [ref. 19754], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:175 [ref. 6441], Dor 1984:146 [ref. 29757], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1985:509, 688 [ref. 8056], Chen et al. 1997:100 [ref. 26476] dated 1844). •Valid as Parascolopsis inermis (Temminck & Schlegel 1843) -- (Russell 1990:71 [ref. 19228], Goren & Dor 1994:40 [ref. 25356], Russell 1996:64 [ref. 22469], Russell & Chin 1996:418 [ref. 22753], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:318 [ref. 27969] with author as Schlegel, Nakabo 2000:851 [ref. 25086], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:326 [ref. 25995], Russell 2001:3082 [ref. 26106], Nakabo 2002:851 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:345, 618 [ref. 26218], Naik et al. 2002:76 [ref. 26716], Shinohara et al. 2005:435 [ref. 28370], Barman & Mishra 2009:21 [ref. 37652], Nair et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34793], Motomura et al. 2017:149 [ref. 35490], Psomadakis et al. 2020:483 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:70 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Parascolopsis inermis (Temminck & Schlegel 1843). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Laccadive Islands (India), Sri Lanka, Myanmar; southern China to Japan. Habitat: marine.

iris, Labrus Richardson [J.] & Solander [D. C.] in Richardson 1843:357 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (New Series) v. 11 (nos 67-8, 71-2); ref. 13395] Off Bustard Bay, Australia. No types known. Original as Labrus?. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Pentapodus by Pentapus iris Valenciennes 1830. •Synonym of Pentapodus paradiseus (Günther 1859) -- (Russell 1990:87 [ref. 19228], Allen et al. 2006:1246 [ref. 29090] with author as Richardson). Current status: Synonym of Pentapodus paradiseus (Günther 1859). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

iris, Pentapus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:266 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Shark Bay, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8748. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:8 [ref. 11366]. •Synonym of Pentapodus vitta Quoy & Gaimard 1824 -- (Russell 1990:93 [ref. 19228], Allen et al. 2006:1247 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Pentapodus vitta Quoy & Gaimard 1824. Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

isacanthus, Dentex Bleeker [P.] 1873:41 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 7; ref. 433] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia; Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 5699. •Valid as Nemipterus isacanthus (Bleeker 1873) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:86 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:38 [ref. 19228], Allen 1997:136 [ref. 23977], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Russell 2001:3067 [ref. 26106], Allen et al. 2006:1243 [ref. 29090], Larson et al. 2013:144 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus isacanthus (Bleeker 1873). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Anthias Bloch [M. E.] 1793:5, Pl. 325 (fig. 2) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 7; ref. 4868] ? Japan. Holotype (unique): ZMB 5090 (dry, lost). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:105 [ref. 24282]. On p. 3 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 10 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792) -- (Dor 1984:146 [ref. 29757], Russell 1990:122 [ref. 19228], Kottelat 2013:350 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Grammistes Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:182 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Japan [in error]. No types known. Objective synonym of Labrus trivittatus Bloch 1791. Based on Sparus trivittatus [sic] of Bloch (= Labrus trivittatus Bloch 1791 [ref. 4867]) pl. 275 on which the name Sparus vittatus appears (not Sparus vittatus of p. 33, pl. 263 of same work). •Synonym of Pentapodus trivittatus (Bloch 1791). Current status: Synonym of Pentapodus trivittatus (Bloch 1791). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Sparus Bloch [M. E.] 1791:110, Pl. 277 (fig. 1) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 5; ref. 4867] Japan. Holotype (unique): ZMB 8147 (left skin). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:106 [ref. 24282]. On p. 87 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 8 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch 1791) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:83 [ref. 19754], Dor 1984:144 [ref. 29757], Allen & Swainston 1988:86 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:40 [ref. 19228], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:226 [ref. 24016], Baranes & Golani 1993:309 [ref. 22372], Russell 1993:302 [ref. 13441], Goren & Dor 1994:39 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:215 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:307 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:136 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:185 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:96 [ref. 26476], Fricke 1999:302 [ref. 24106], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:248 [ref. 24754], Mishra et al. 1999:86 [ref. 25315], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:135 [ref. 25480], Russell 2001:3068 [ref. 26106], Choi et al. 2003:345, 617 [ref. 26218], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S110 [ref. 27377], Barman & Mishra 2009:10 [ref. 37652], Russell & Tweddle 2012:197 [ref. 32547], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:426 [ref. 33460], Psomadakis et al. 2015:268 [ref. 34104], Ning et al. 2015:2 [ref. 35427], Russel & Ho 2017:287 [ref. 35134], Motomura et al. 2017:146 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:330 [ref. 36183], Bineesh et al. 2018:88 [ref. 36219], Fricke et al. 2018:211 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:94 [ref. 36273], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:176 [ref. 36460], Eagderi et al. 2019:90 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:80 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:481 [ref. 37272], Russell & Gouws 2020:578 [ref. 38021]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch 1791). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to Philippines, north to southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

jonesi, Parascolopsis Talwar [P. K.] 1986:2, Fig. 1 [Recent Advances in Marine Biology; ref. 8032] Off Quilon, southwestern coast of India, 8°45'N, 75°50'E, depth 300 meters. Holotype: ZSI F7658/2. Paratypes: ZSI F7659/2 - 7666/2 (8). •Synonym of Parascolopsis aspinosa (Rao & Rao 1981) -- (Russell 1990:67 [ref. 19228], Russell & Golani 1993:339 [ref. 21129]). Current status: Synonym of Parascolopsis aspinosa (Rao & Rao 1981). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

kate, Scolopsides Cuvier [G.] 1829:178 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Sea of Japan. Holotype: ZMB 8729 (lost). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:10, 19 [ref. 11366]. Regarded as a replacement name for Anthias japonicus Bloch 1792. Available from footnote 1: "Scol. kate, Nob., nommé par Bloch Anthias japonicus, 325, f. 2." See also Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:329 [ref. 999]. •Synonym of Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792) -- (Russell 1990:122 [ref. 19228], Kottelat 2013:350 [ref. 32898]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

komodoensis, Pentapodus Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2012:1118, Figs. 1-3 [Reef fishes of the East Indies.; ref. 31980] Nusa Kode, 8°47.167'S, 119°39.601'E. Komodo Island, Indonesia, depth 15-20 meters. Holotype: MZB 20598. Paratypes:MZB 2059 (1), WAM P.33354-001 (3). •Valid as Pentapodus komodoensis Allen & Erdmann 2012 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:481 [ref. 31980]) Current status: Valid as Pentapodus komodoensis Allen & Erdmann 2012. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Komodo Islands, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

kurita, Scolopsides Cuvier [G.] 1829:178 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Vizagapatam, India. No types known. Based on Russel 1803, Pl. 106. See also Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:331 [ref. 999]. Regarded as an imcorrect spelling of curia Cuvier 1815 (Kottelat 2013). •Synonym of Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792); regarded as an independent species description and not a replacement -- (Allen et al. 2006:1250 [ref. 29090]). •Synonym of Scolopsis curita Cuvier 1815, and in the synonymy of vosmeri -- (Kottelat 2013:350 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

kurite, Scolopsis Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] (ex Cuvier) 1828:9, Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 1326. Paralectotypes: SMF 5478 (1). Lectotype established by Dor 1984:146 [ref. 29757] if not designated earlier. •Synonym of Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792) -- (Dor 1984:146 [ref. 29757], Russell 1990:122 [ref. 19228], Kottelat 2013:350 [ref. 32989], Golani & Fricke 2018:95 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

lacrima, Scolopsis Nakamura [J.], Béarez [P.] & Motomura [H.] 2019:120, Figs. 1, 3, 5a, 6 [ZooKeys No. 861; ref. 36815] Off Nouméa [Nouméa fish market], Grande-Terre Island, New Caledonia, southwestern Pacific. Holotype (unique): MNHN 2002-2930. •Valid as Scolopsis lacrima Nakamura, Béarez & Motomura 2019. Current status: Valid as Scolopsis lacrima Nakamura, Béarez & Motomura 2019. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

lerol, Scolopsides Thiollière [V. J. de l'I.] in Montrouzier 1857:437 [159] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. On p. 159 of reprint. •Mention -- (Russell 1990:126 [ref. 19228]). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

leucotaenia, Scolopsides Bleeker [P.] 1852:451 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 3); ref. 16828] Lepar Island, Bangka, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5672 (1 of 4). •Synonym of Scolopsis margaritifer (Cuvier 1830) -- (Russell 1990:113 [ref. 19228]). •Synonym of Scolopsis margaritifera (Cuvier 1830) -- (Chen 1997:347 [ref. 23444], Mishra et al. 2013:448 [ref. 32430]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis margaritifera (Cuvier 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

leucotaenioides, Scolopsides Bleeker [P.] 1855:439 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 8 (no. 3); ref. 16840] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Original as leucotaenioïdes. •Synonym of Scolopsis margaritifer (Cuvier 1830) -- (Russell 1990:113 [ref. 19228]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis margaritifera (Cuvier 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

lineatus, Scolopsis Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:322, Pl. 60 (fig. 3) [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Small brackish rivers of Waigeo [Waigiou], Indonesia; Guébé Island. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-7882 (2) Waigiou. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:12 [ref. 11366]. •Synonym of Scolopsis ghanam (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:146 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Scolopsis lineatus Quoy & Gaimard 1824 -- (Russell 1990:112 [ref. 19228], Randall et al. 1990:206 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:140 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:206 [ref. 25919], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:277 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:143 [ref. 25480], Russell 2001:3088 [ref. 26106], Béarez 2003:61 [ref. 27027], Randall 2005:285 [ref. 28239]). •Valid as Scolopsis lineata Quoy & Gaimard 1824 -- (Chen 1997:347 [ref. 23444], Kuiter 1997:170 [ref. 25488], Myers 1999:158 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:854 [ref. 25086], Allen 2000:104 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:102 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:854 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:41 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:628 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:105 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Allen et al. 2006:1249 [ref. 29090], Barman & Mishra 2009:33 [ref. 37652], Motomura et al. 2010:124 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:486 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:93 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:45 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2019:167 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Scolopsis lineata Quoy & Gaimard 1824. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Sea and Cocos-Keeling Islands east to Caroline Islands and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Ryukyu Islands (southern Japan), south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

lineoscapularis, Pentapodus Fowler [H. W.] 1943:63, Fig. 10 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 14 (pt 2); ref. 1441] Iloílo, Panay Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 108465. •Synonym of Pentapodus bifasciatus (Bleeker 1848) -- (Russell 1990:82 [ref. 19228]). Current status: Synonym of Pentapodus bifasciatus (Bleeker 1848). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

longulus, Scolopsis Richardson [J.] 1842:389 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (New Series) v. 9 (no. 59) (art. 42); ref. 21247] Entrance of the harbor, Port Essington, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1843.6.15.39 (skin). •Synonym of Scaevius milii (Bory de Saint-Vincent 1823) -- (Russell 1990:87 [ref. 19228], Allen et al. 2006:1247 [ref. 29090], Larson et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Synonym of Scaevius milii (Bory de Saint-Vincent 1823). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

lutea, Coryphaena Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:297, Pl. 58 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Syntypes: ZMB 1118 (1),?8196 (1, left skin), ?8994 (1, dry, missing). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:105-106 [ref. 24282]. •Questionably a synonym of Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch 1791) -- (Russell 1990:37 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:302 [ref. 13441], Ning et al. 2015:2 [ref. 35427]). Current status: Uncertain as Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch 1791). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

luzonia, Scolopsis Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1907:22, Fig. 8 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 26 (Doc. 606) (for 1906); ref. 2498] Cavite, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 9243. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:77 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Scolopsis ciliata (Lacepède 1802) -- (Russell 1990:108 [ref. 19228] as ciliatus, Kottelat 2013:350 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis ciliata (Lacepède 1802). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

lycogenis, Scolopsides Cuvier [G.] 1829:178 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Java, Indonesia; New Guinea; Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-7859 (1) New Guinea, MNHN 0000-7860 (1) Vanicolo, MNHN 0000-7861 (1) Java, MNHN A-8091 (1, skin, left side) Mer des Indes. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:10, 19 [ref. 11366]; types listed above are only types if lycogenis is not regarded as a replacement name for Lycogenis argyrosoma Kuhl & van Hasselt or Holocentrus ciliatus Lacepède. Available from footnote 1: "Scol. lycogenis, Nob., ou Holocentre cilié, Lacép., IV, 371." See also Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:346, Pl. 127 [ref. 999]. •Synonym of Scolopsis ciliata (Lacepède 1802) -- (Russell 1990:105 [ref. 19228] as ciliatus, Chen 1997:346 [ref. 23444], Kottelat 2013:350 [ref. 32989] but not treated as a replacement name). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis ciliata (Lacepède 1802). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

macronemus, Synagris Günther [A.] 1859:380 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Trincomalee, Sri Lanka [probably Suriname]. Replacement name for Dentex filamentosus Valenciennes 1830, secondarily preoccupied by Cantharus filamentosus Rüppell 1828 when both are in Synagris and then in Nemipterus. •Synonym of Nemipterus nematophorus (Bleeker 1854) -- (Russell 1990:45 [ref. 19228], Russell 2001:3069 [ref. 26106] as filamentosus Valenciennes 1830). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus nematophorus (Bleeker 1854). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

macrophthalmus, Scolopsis Ramsay [E. P.] & Ogilby [J. D.] 1886:10 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (Series 2) v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 14464] Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. Holotype (unique): AMS B.9965. Specific name is treated as a noun. •Synonym of Scolopsis margaritifera (Cuvier 1830) -- (Russell 1990:113 [ref. 19228]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis margaritifera (Cuvier 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

macrurus, Heterognathodon Bleeker [P.] 1849:31 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 23 (no. 5); ref. 16906] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5676 (probably largest of 3). Also in Bleeker 1850:101 [ref. 16888]. •Valid as Pentapodus macrurus (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:96 [ref. 19754], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:175 [ref. 6441]). •Synonym of Pentapodus caninus (Cuvier 1830) -- (Russell 1990:62 [ref. 19228], Randall 2005:283 [ref. 28239], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:335 [ref. 28867]). Current status: Synonym of Pentapodus caninus (Cuvier 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

margaritifer, Scolopsides Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:337 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 5; ref. 999] Waigeo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7696. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:11 [ref. 11366]. Scolopsis margaritifera is correct, Scolopsis is feminine. •Valid as Scolopsis margaritifer (Cuvier 1830) -- (Russell 1990:113 [ref. 19228], Randall et al. 1990:207 [ref. 15987], Aizawa et al. 1993:2 [ref. 24326], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:323 [ref. 27969] with author as Cuvier & Valenciennes, Allen 1997:140 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:100 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:170 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:207 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:158 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:855 [ref. 25086] as margalitifer, Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:621 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:104 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:102 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Russell 2001:3088 [ref. 26106], Nakabo 2002:855 [ref. 26001] as margalitifer, Allen & Adrim 2003:41 [ref. 26830], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Motomura et al. 2017:151 [ref. 35490] as margalitifer). •Valid as Scolopsis margaritifera (Cuvier 1830) -- (Chen 1997:347 [ref. 23444], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:105 [ref. 27510], Allen et al. 2006:1249 [ref. 29090], Barman & Mishra 2009:34 [ref. 37652], Motomura in Shibukawa & Motomura 2009:159 [ref. 31131], Allen & Erdmann 2012:487 [ref. 31980], Mishra et al. 2013:448 [ref. 32430], Fricke et al. 2014:93 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:167 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:485 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Scolopsis margaritifera (Cuvier 1830). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Myanmar, Andaman Sea and Indonesia east to Philippines, New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Vanuatu, north to Taiwan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

marginatus, Dentex Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:245 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-9055. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-9043 (1) Vanicolo, B-2934 (1) Vanicolo. Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:83-84 [ref. 20898], Bauchot et al. 1983:6 [ref. 11366]. Lectotype selected by Russell 1991:1382 [ref. 19490] with paralectotypes as doubtful and not this species. •Valid as Nemipterus marginatus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:87 [ref. 19754], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:176 [ref. 6441], Dor 1984:145 [ref. 29757], Shen & Lin 1984:13 [ref. 13822], Russell 1990:42 [ref. 19228], Russell 1991:1380 [ref. 19490], Goren & Dor 1994:39 [ref. 25356], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:308 [ref. 27969], Chen et al. 1997:96 [ref. 26476], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Russell 2001:3079 [ref. 26106], Allen et al. 2006:1243 [ref. 29090], Larson et al. 2013:144 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:145 [ref. 34464], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2015:57 [ref. 34319], Bineesh et al. 2018:88 [ref. 36219], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:176 [ref. 36460], Psomadakis et al. 2020:481 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus marginatus (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

matsubarae, Nemipterus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1902:346, Fig. 18 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 25 (no. 1289); ref. 2447] Yilan [Giran], northeastern Taiwan. Holotype: ZUMT 5071 (apparently lost). Paratypes: ZUMT 5108 (1) (apparently lost). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:47 [ref. 31432]. This spelling matsubarae is acceptable as early workers almost certainly Latinized the name first, and then added an 'e' (Art. 31.1.1) [WNE, 12 Mar. 2012]. •Synonym of Nemipterus virgatus (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Russell 1990:59 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:306 [ref. 13441], Ho & Shao 2011:47 [ref. 31432]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus virgatus (Houttuyn 1782). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

melanophrys, Parascolopsis Russell [B. C.] & Chin [P. K.] 1996:416, Fig. 1 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 44 (no. 2); ref. 22753] Pasar Kampung Solor, Kupang, West Timor, Indonesia. Holotype: NTM S.13164-002. Paratypes: FRCL 0022 (1). •Valid as Parascolopsis melanophrys Russell & Chin 1996 -- (Russell 2001:3082 [ref. 26106], Fricke et al. 2014:92 [ref. 33932], Nair et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34793]). Current status: Valid as Parascolopsis melanophrys Russell & Chin 1996. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, Western Pacific: Sabah (Malaysia); West Timor (Indonesia); Madang (Papua New Guinea) and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

meridiana, Scolopsis Nakamura [J.], Russell [B. C.], Moore [G. I.] & Motomura [H.] 2018:223, Figs. 1, 4A, 5A [Zootaxa 4500 (no. 2); ref. 36223] North of Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia, Australia, 20°23′07ʺ - 20°24ʹ08ʺS, 116°31ʹ00ʺ - 116°32'03ʺE, depth. 37-38 meters. Holotype: CSIRO H 4029-01. Paratypes: AMS, KAUM, NTM, QM, WAM. •Valid as Scolopsis meridiana Nakamura, Russell, Moore & Motomura 2018 -- (Nakamura et al. 2019:123 [ref. 36815]). Current status: Valid as Scolopsis meridiana Nakamura, Russell, Moore & Motomura 2018. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Northern Australia (Exmouth Gulf, Western Australia to North Palm Island, Queensland) to West Papua, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

mesoprion, Dentex Bleeker [P.] 1853:255 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12580] Priaman, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ?RMNH 5684 (1 of 3). •Valid as Nemipterus mesoprion (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:89 [ref. 19754], Allen & Swainston 1988:86 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:43 [ref. 19228], Russell 1991:1382 [ref. 19490], Allen 1997:136 [ref. 23977], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Russell 2001:3079 [ref. 26106], Ning et al. 2015:5 [ref. 35427]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus mesoprion (Bleeker 1853). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

metopias, Dentex Bleeker [P.] 1857:51 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 2 (art. 7); ref. 356] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Nemipterus metopias (Bleeker 1857) -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:176 [ref. 6441], Chen et al. 1997:96 [ref. 26476]). •Synonym of Nemipterus zysron (Bleeker 1856) -- (Russell 1990:62 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:307 [ref. 13441], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:335 [ref. 28867], Fricke et al. 2018:211 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus zysron (Bleeker 1856). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

microdon, Heterognathodon Bleeker [P.] 1853:464 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 336] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Pentapodus caninus (Cuvier 1830) -- (Russell 1990:62 [ref. 19228]). Current status: Synonym of Pentapodus caninus (Cuvier 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

milii, Cantharus Bory de Saint-Vincent [J. B. G. M.] 1823:160 (v. 3, CAD-CHI) [Dictionnaire Classique d'Histoire Naturelle; ref. 3853] Shark Bay, Western Australia. •Valid as Scaevius milii (Bory de Saint-Vincent 1823) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:88 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:95 [ref. 19228], Allen 1997:138 [ref. 23977] as milli, Larson & Williams 1997:360 [ref. 23967], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Russell 2001:3086 [ref. 26106], Allen et al. 2006:1247 [ref. 29090], Larson et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Scaevius milii (Bory de Saint-Vincent 1823). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Australia. Habitat: marine.

milli, Pentapodus Bory de Saint-Vincent [J. B. G. M.] 1827:22 (v. 13) [Dictionnaire Classique d'Histoire Naturelle; ref. 3853] Albany, Perth and Shark Bay, Western Australia. No types known. Cited in Whitley 1948, p. 22 [ref. 17984]. Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

monogramma, Scolopsides Cuvier [G.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:338 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 5; ref. 999] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype: RMNH D326. Paratypes: MNHN A-8092 (1, dry), 7884 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:11 [ref. 11366]. •Valid as Scolopsis monogramma (Cuvier 1830) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:88 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:115 [ref. 19228], Randall et al. 1990:207 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:195 [ref. 23929], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:324 [ref. 27969] with authors as Kuhl & Van Hasselt, Chen 1997:347 [ref. 23444], Allen 1997:138 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:360 [ref. 23967], Kuiter 1997:170 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:207 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:158 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:736 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:854 [ref. 25086], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:621 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:104 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Russell 2001:3076 [ref. 26106], Nakabo 2002:854 [ref. 26001], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:285 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1249 [ref. 29090], Shibukawa in Shibukawa & Motomura 2009:160 [ref. 31131], Motomura et al. 2010:124 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:487 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:147 [ref. 34464], Motomura et al. 2017:151 [ref. 35490], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2018:179 [ref. 36460], Fricke et al. 2019:169 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:486 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Scolopsis monogramma (Cuvier 1830). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Myanmar, Andaman Sea and Indonesia east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

mulloides, Dentex Bleeker [P.] 1852:576 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 334] Sibogha, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2). Original as mulloïdes. •Synonym of Nemipterus peronii (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Russell 1990:49 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:303 [ref. 13441], Kottelat 2013:349 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus peronii (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

mulloides, Nemipterus Smith [J. L. B.] 1939:219, Fig. 2 [Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa v. 27 (pt 3); ref. 17223] Delagoa Bay, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean, about 4 fathoms. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 12 [ex AMG]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Dentex mulloides Bleeker 1852, replaced by Nemipterus delagoae Smith 1941. •Synonym of Nemipterus bipunctatus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Russell 1986:600 [ref. 5708], Russell 1990:31 [ref. 19228]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus bipunctatus (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

nagasakiensis, Leptoscolopsis Tanaka [S.] 1915:365, Pl. 98 (fig. 308) [Figures and descriptions of the fishes of Japan v. 20; ref. 6036] Nagasaki fish market, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 3689. •Valid as Pentapodus nagasakiensis (Tanaka 1915) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:97 [ref. 19754], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:174 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:88 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:86 [ref. 19228], Randall et al. 1990:204 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:196 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:138 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:98 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:168 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:204 [ref. 25919], Nakabo 2000:847 [ref. 25086], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:276 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Russell 2001:3084 [ref. 26106], Russell 2001:56 [ref. 26651], Nakabo 2002:847 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:40 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:1246 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2009:285 [ref. 30093], Motomura et al. 2010:124 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:481 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:145 [ref. 32988], Motomura et al. 2015:24 [ref. 34709], Motomura et al. 2017:150 [ref. 35490], Allen et al. 2018:87 [ref. 36276]). Current status: Valid as Pentapodus nagasakiensis (Tanaka 1915). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: northwestern Australia, Indonesia to Philippines, South China Sea to Japan. Habitat: marine.

nematophorus, Dentex Bleeker [P.] 1854:500 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 5965] Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5696 (1 of 2). •Valid as Nemipterus nematophorus (Bleeker 1854) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:82 [ref. 19754], Allen & Swainston 1988:86 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:45 [ref. 19228], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:310 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:136 [ref. 23977], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Russell 2001:3069 [ref. 26106], Barman & Mishra 2009:11 [ref. 37652], Yoshida et al. 2013:145 [ref. 34464], Russel & Ho 2017:286 [ref. 35134], Motomura et al. 2017:147 [ref. 35490], Psomadakis et al. 2020:481 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus nematophorus (Bleeker 1854). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: east coast of India and Myanmar east to Philippines, north to South China Sea. Habitat: marine.

nematopus, Dentex Bleeker [P.] 1851:219 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 330] Bulucomba, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5692. •Valid as Nemipterus nematopus (Bleeker 1851) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:86 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:46 [ref. 19228], Russell 1991:1384 [ref. 19490], Allen 1997:136 [ref. 23977], Russell 2001:3080 [ref. 26106], Allen et al. 2006:1244 [ref. 29090], Larson et al. 2013:144 [ref. 32988], Motomura et al. 2017:147 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus nematopus (Bleeker 1851). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

nemurus, Dentex Bleeker [P.] 1857:49 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 2 (art. 7); ref. 356] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5694. •Valid as Nemipterus nemurus (Bleeker 1857) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:84 [ref. 19754], Russell 1990:48 [ref. 19228], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:310 [ref. 27969], Chen et al. 1997:97 [ref. 26476], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Russell 2001:3070 [ref. 26106], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:177 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus nemurus (Bleeker 1857). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nemurus, Heterognathodon Bleeker [P.] 1853:754 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 5); ref. 335] Makassar, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Pentapodus nemurus (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:96 [ref. 19754]). •Synonym of Pentapodus emeryii (Richardson 1843) -- (Russell 1990:84 [ref. 19228]). Current status: Synonym of Pentapodus emeryii (Richardson 1843). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

nicanor, Scaevius Whitley [G. P.] 1947:142 [Australian Zoologist v. 11 (pt 2); ref. 4708] Gregory, Cape Peron, Shark Bay, Western Australia. Holotype: AMS IB.1496. Paratypes: AMS I.6056-57 (1, 1), IA.1471 (1), IA.1650 (1). •Synonym of Scaevius milii (Bory de Saint-Vincent 1823) -- (Russell 1990:87 [ref. 19228], Allen et al. 2006:1248 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Scaevius milii (Bory de Saint-Vincent 1823). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

notatus, Dentex (Synagris) Day [F.] 1871:684 [8] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1870 (pt 3); ref. 1078] Andaman Islands. Holotype (unique): ZSI 229 (destroyed). Day specimens or possible holotype: AMS B.8219 (1) Andaman Is. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:159 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:301 [ref. 25110]. On p. 8 of separate. •Synonym of Nemipterus hexodon (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Russell 1990:37 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:301 [ref. 13441]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus hexodon (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

nototaenia, Scolopsis Playfair [R. L.] in Playfair & Günther 1867:29, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [The fishes of Zanzibar; ref. 3490] Aden. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.3.9.160 (left half skin). •Synonym of Scolopsis taeniatus (Cuvier 1830) -- (Russell 1990:116 [ref. 19228]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis taeniata (Cuvier 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

numberii, Pentapodus Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2009:281, Figs. 2-3 [Zoological Studies v. 48 (no. 2); ref. 30093] Northwestern end of Batanta near Dayang Island, 00°47.686'S, 130°29.418'E, Raja Ampat Islands, Papua Barat Province, Indonesia, depth 12 meters. Holotype: NCIP 6341. Paratypes: NCIP 6342 (1); USNM 391631 (1); WAM P.32992-001 (1). •Valid as Pentapodus numberii Allen & Erdmann 2009 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:482 [ref. 31980], Allen et al. 2018:86 [ref. 36276]). Current status: Valid as Pentapodus numberii Allen & Erdmann 2009. Nemipteridae. Distribution: West Papua (Indonesia), Halmahera (Indonesia) to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

obtusus, Dentex van Hasselt [J. C.] & Müller [S.] in Bleeker 1873:21 [Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Amsterdam) v. 13 (art. 3); ref. 17091] Not available, name mentioned in passing under Dentex tolu. •In the synonymy of Nemipterus peronii (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Russell 1993:303 [ref. 13441]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus peronii (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae.

ocularis, Scolopsis Ehrenberg [C. G.] in Rüppell 1828:7 [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Red Sea. Not available, name mentioned in the synonymy of Scolopsis lineatus Quoy & Gaimard 1824. •In the synonymy of Scolopsis ghanam (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:146 [ref. 29757], Russell 1990:111 [ref. 19228]). •In the synonymy of Scolopsis ghanam (Fabricius 1775). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis ghanam (Fabricius 1775). Nemipteridae.

ovenii, Dentex Bleeker [P.] 1854:246 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 345] Makassar, Sulawesi , Indonesia. Holotype (unique) (?): RMNH 5689. •Synonym of Nemipterus furcosus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Russell 1990:34 [ref. 19228], Russell 1991:36 [ref. 20179], Russell 1993:300 [ref. 13441], Chen et al. 1997:97 [ref. 26476]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus furcosus (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

oveniides, Nemipterus Popta [C. M. L.] 1921:204 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 6 (art. 15); ref. 15325] Muna, Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: SMF 6603 (1), 6604-05 (2). •Synonym of Nemipterus peronii (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Russell 1990:49 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:303 [ref. 13441], Kottelat 2013:349 [ref. 32989], Eagderi et al. 2019:90 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus peronii (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

paradiseus, Pentapus Günther [A.] 1859:383 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Polynesia; Sumatra, Indonesia; Australia. Syntypes: (11) BMNH 1844.6.17.21 (left half skin), 1850.7.20.106-107 (1, stuffed) Moreton Island, 1851.2.20.20-21 (2) Australia, 1855.12.26.451 (1), 1855.9.19.356 (1),1856.9.11.22 (1, stuffed) Lousiade Archipelago, 2006.6.7.1 (1), 2006.6.7.2 (1). Also listed was Plate XXIV. fig. A, but on preface p. vi it is stated, "The Plates referred to, and executed by Mr. Ford, will be published as a separate volume." BMNH 1855.12.26.451 may also be the syntype of Leiopsis rafflesii Anonymous [Bennett] 1830 -- Maclaine email 21 July 2016. •Valid as Pentapodus paradiseus (Günther 1859) -- (Russell 1990:87 [ref. 19228], Randall et al. 1990:205 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:196 [ref. 23929] as paradiceus, Allen 1997:140 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:168 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:205 [ref. 25919], Machida & Hiramatsu 1999:56 [ref. 24161], Johnson 1999:736 [ref. 25471], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:276 [ref. 25191], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:101 [ref. 26368], Russell 2001:3085 [ref. 26106], Russell 2001:55 [ref. 26651], Allen et al. 2006:1246 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2009:285 [ref. 30093], Allen & Erdmann 2012:482 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:145 [ref. 32988], Allen et al. 2018:86 [ref. 36276]). Current status: Valid as Pentapodus paradiseus (Günther 1859). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: northeastern Australia, eastern Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

pectinatus, Scolopsides Cuvier [G.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:346 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 5; ref. 999] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4641. •Synonym of Scolopsis margaritifera (Cuvier 1830) -- (Russell 1990:113 [ref. 19228]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis margaritifera (Cuvier 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

pentalinea, Nemipterus Wongratana [T.] 1974 [Proc. 3rd CSK Symp., Bangkok; ref. 19231] Original not seen, but unavailable publication (ICZN Art. 9.9). •Name only, not available -- (Russell 1990:126 [ref. 19228]). Nemipteridae.

peronii, Dentex Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:245, Pl. 154 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] No locality [probably northwestern Australia]. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-9040. Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:84 [ref. 20898], Bauchot et al. 1983:7 [ref. 11366]. •Valid as Nemipterus peronii (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:90 [ref. 19754], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:176 [ref. 6441], Shen & Lin 1984:21 [ref. 13822], Russell 1986:600 [ref. 5708], Allen & Swainston 1988:86 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:49 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:303 [ref. 13441], Goren & Dor 1994:39 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:215 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:313 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:136 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:185 [ref. 23922], Nakabo 2000:848 [ref. 25086], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:101 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Russell 2001:3071 [ref. 26106], Nakabo 2002:848 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S110 [ref. 27377], Randall 2005:282 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1244 [ref. 29090], Barman & Mishra 2009:12 [ref. 37652], Motomura in Shibukawa & Motomura 2009:157 [ref. 31131], Ning et al. 2011:829 [ref. 32152], Russell & Tweddle 2013:196 [ref. 32547], Larson et al. 2013:144 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:349 [ref. 32989], Motomura in Kimura et al. 2015:58 [ref. 34319], Psomadakis et al. 2015:268 [ref. 34104], Ning et al. 2015:5 [ref. 35427], Miesen et al. 2016:90 [ref. 34492], Russel & Ho 2017:287 [ref. 35134], Ali et al. 2018:330 [ref. 36183], Bineesh et al. 2018:88 [ref. 36219], Golani & Fricke 2018:94 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:90 [ref. 37020], Psomadakis et al. 2020:482 [ref. 37272], Russell & Gouws 2020:578 [ref. 38021]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus peronii (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf east to Philippines and Vanuatu, north to Taiwan and China, south to Exmouth Gulf (Western Australia), Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

peronii, Pentapus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:268 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] No locality [probably Shark Bay, Western Australia]. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8785. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:8 [ref. 11366]. •Synonym of Pentapodus vitta Quoy & Gaimard 1824 -- (Russell 1990:93 [ref. 19228], Allen et al. 2006:1247 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Pentapodus vitta Quoy & Gaimard 1824. Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

personatus, Scolopsides Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:344 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 5; ref. 999] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-7870 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:11 [ref. 11366]. •Valid as Scolopsis personatus (Cuvier 1830) -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:175 [ref. 6441]). •Synonym of Scolopsis aurata (Park 1797) -- (Russell 1990:104 [ref. 19228] as auritus, Fricke 1999:303 [ref. 24106] as auritus). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis aurata (Park 1797). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

petersii, Heterognathodon Steindachner [F.] 1864:37 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe v. 1 (no. 5); ref. 21705] Tanzania, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Syntypes: NMW 76409 (2). Species first described in above abstract, later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1864:203 [p. 4 of separate] Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [ref. 13937]. •Synonym of Nemipterus zysron (Bleeker 1856) -- (Russell 1990:62 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:307 [ref. 13441]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus zysron (Bleeker 1856). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

phaeops, Scolopsides Bennett [E. T.] 1832:165 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 4944] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.2.15.11. •Synonym of Scolopsis frenatus (Cuvier 1830) -- (Russell 1990:109 [ref. 19228], Fricke 1999:303 [ref. 24106], Fricke et al. 2018:212 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis frenata (Cuvier 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

plebaeius, Scolopsis De Vis [C. W.] 1884:400 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 1090] Queensland, Australia. No types known. •Incertae sedis in Nemipteridae -- (Allen et al. 2006:1250 [ref. 29090]). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

pleurostictus, Pentapus Duncker [G.] & Mohr [E.] 1929:64, Fig. 3 [Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Staatsinstitut und Zoologischen Museum in Hamburg. v. 44; ref. 15892] Thilenius Harbor, south coast of New Pomerania. Holotype (unique): ZMH H146 [ex 12004]. Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:163 [ref. 19181]. •Synonym of Pentapodus trivittatus (Bloch 1791) -- (Russell 1990:92 [ref. 19228]). Current status: Synonym of Pentapodus trivittatus (Bloch 1791). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

pomotis, Scolopsides Richardson [J.] 1846:237 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Canton, China. No types known. Based solely on illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:215, Pl. 7b [ref. 11606]). •Synonym of Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792) -- (Russell 1990:122 [ref. 19228], Kottelat 2013:350 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

porosus, Pentapus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:267, Pl. 156 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] No locality [probably Shark Bay, Western Australia]. Holotype: MNHN 0000-8784. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:9 [ref. 11366]. •Valid as Pentapodus porosus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:88 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:88 [ref. 19228], Allen 1997:138 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:360 [ref. 23967], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Russell 2001:3085 [ref. 26106], Russell 2001:56 [ref. 26651], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:103 [ref. 27510], Allen et al. 2006:1247 [ref. 29090] Allen & Erdmann 2009:285 [ref. 30093], Allen & Erdmann 2012:482 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:145 [ref. 32988], Allen et al. 2018:87 [ref. 36276]). Current status: Valid as Pentapodus porosus (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: northwestern Australia and New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

porosus, Smaris Richardson [J.] 1846:489, Pl. 3 [Discoveries in Australia; ref. 3743] King George Sound, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): HMG or BMNH uncat. (whereabouts unknown). Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Pentapodus by Pentapus porosus Valenciennes 1830; not replaced. •Synonym of Pentapodus vitta Quoy & Gaimard 1824 -- (Russell 1990:93 [ref. 19228], Allen et al. 2006:1247 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Pentapodus vitta Quoy & Gaimard 1824. Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

qantasi, Parascolopsis Russell [B. C.] & Gloerfelt-Tarp [T.] 1984:112, Fig. 1 [The Beagle (Occasional Papers of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences) v. 1 (no. 12); ref. 8051] Mentawi Strait, northeast of Sipora Island (1°59'S, 99°26'E), Sumatra, Indonesia, depth 65 meters. Holotype: NTM S.10997-001. Paratypes: LON NCIP 3843 (1) •Valid as Parascolopsis qantasi Russell & Gloerfelt-Tarp 1984 -- (Russell 1990:72 [ref. 19228], Russell 1996:64 [ref. 22469], Nair et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34793] as quantasi on p. 3, Psomadakis et al. 2020:484 [ref. 37272] as aff. qantasi). Current status: Valid as Parascolopsis qantasi Russell & Gloerfelt-Tarp 1984. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

rafflesii, Leiopsis Anonymous [Bennett [E. T.]] 1830:688 [Memoir of the life and public services of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles; ref. 259] Sumatra, Indonesia. No types known. On Code recommendation 51D, the anonymous author is listed in square brackets. Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

randalli, Nemipterus Russell [B. C.] 1986:23, Fig. 2 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 67 (nos 1/3); ref. 5991] Bahrain fish market, Persian Gulf. Holotype: BPBM 29519. Paratypes: BPBM 29507 (1); LACM 38128-46 (14); MNHN 1960-0297 (1), 1966-0464 (1), 1966-0456 (1); NTM S.10777-001 (6), S.1137-001 (2), S.1138-001 (3), S.11466-001 (2); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 13984 (1); SMF 19960 (1), 20019 (6); USNM 231467 (2), 265219 (1); ZMH 5172 (3). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:418 [ref. 21161]. •Valid as Nemipterus randalli Russell 1986 -- (Russell 1990:51 [ref. 19228], Baranes & Golani 1993:309 [ref. 22372], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:227 [ref. 24016], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:286 [ref. 24014], Goren & Dor 1994:39 [ref. 25356], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:xii [ref. 21953], Randall 1995:216 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:186 [ref. 23922], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:248 [ref. 24754], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S110 [ref. 27377], Lelli et al. 2008:741 [ref. 37305], Barman & Mishra 2009:13 [ref. 37652], Zenetos et al. 2010:412 [ref. 31201], Russell & Tweddle 2012:197 [ref. 32547], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:426 [ref. 33460], Psomadakis et al. 2015:268 [ref. 34104], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[21] 259 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:211 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:94 [ref. 36273], Jawad et al. 2018:115 [ref. 36262], Eagderi et al. 2019:90 [ref. 37020], Kampouris et al. 2019:560 [ref. 37239], Bariche & Fricke 2020:133 [ref. 37515], Psomadakis et al. 2020:482 [ref. 37272], Russell & Gouws 2020:579 [ref. 38021]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus randalli Russell 1986. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Red Sea; western Indian Ocean: East Africa, Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to Bay of Bengal, India; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

regina, Scolopsis Whitley [G. P.] 1937:137 [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 11 (pt 2); ref. 4689] Rib Reef, off Townsville, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: QM I.5339. Based on a specimen and in part on Scolopsis temporalis of McCulloch 1921:469, Pl. 40 (fig. 3) [ref. 10020]. •Synonym of Scolopsis monogramma (Cuvier 1830) -- (Russell 1990:115 [ref. 19228], Russell 2001:3076 [ref. 26106], Allen et al. 2006:1249 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis monogramma (Cuvier 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

robustus, Nemipterus Ogilby [J. D.] 1916:114 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 28; ref. 15124] Based on Synagris furcosus of Günther (not of Valenciennes). •Synonym of Nemipterus furcosus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Russell 1990:34 [ref. 19228], Russell 1991:37 [ref. 20179], Russell 1993:300 [ref. 13441], Allen et al. 2006:1243 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus furcosus (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

ruber, Dentex Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:247 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Probably Sea of the Indies; Waigeo. Syntypes: MNHN A-0695 (1, dry skin, left side) no locality, 9044 (1) Waigiou. Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:84 [ref. 20898], Bauchot et al. 1983:7 [ref. 11366], Bauchot & Daget 1996:243 [ref. 22899]. •Synonym of Nemipterus hexodon (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Russell 1990:37 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:301 [ref. 13441]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus hexodon (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

rubicauda, Genyorage Saville-Kent [W.] (ex De Vis) 1893:281, 369 [The Great Barrier Reef of Australia; its products and potentialities; ref. 13269] De Vis name; name only, not available -- (Russell 1990:127 [ref. 19228]). •In the synonymy of Nemipterus furcosus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Russell 1991:37 [ref. 20179] with question, Russell 1993:300 [ref. 13441], Allen et al. 2006:1243 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus furcosus (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae.

rubicundus, Lutianus De Vis [C. W.] in Ogilby 1918:58 [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 6; ref. 3298] Not available, museum name mentioned in passing in synonymy of Nemipterus sp. -- (Russell 1990:127 [ref. 19228]). Nemipteridae.

rufomaculatus, Parascolopsis Russell [B. C.] 1986:137, Figs. 1-2 [The Beagle (Occasional Papers of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences) v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 5992] North West Shelf (18°10'S, 118°16'E), Western Australia, depth 276-278 meters. Holotype: WAM P.28105-001. Paratypes: NTM S.11211-001 (8); WAM P.25394-010 (1), P.26207-003 (5), P.28106-001 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:26 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:29 [ref. 30117]. Parascolopsis is feminine so name should be rufomaculata. •Valid as Parascolopsis rufomaculatus Russell 1986 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:88 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:73 [ref. 19228], Russell 1996:64 [ref. 22469], Russell & Chin 1996:418 [ref. 22753], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Russell 2001:3082 [ref. 26106], Allen et al. 2006:1245 [ref. 29090], Larson et al. 2013:145 [ref. 32988], Nair et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34793]). •Synonym of Parascolopsis rufomaculata Russell 1986. Current status: Valid as Parascolopsis rufomaculata Russell 1986. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

ruppelii, Scolopsides Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:332, xx [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 5; ref. 999] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntypes: ?MNHN 0000-3047 (2) Massawa; SMF 1326 (1), 5478 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:14 [ref. 11366] as no types; types above from Dor 1984. Spelled rupelii on p. 332 and ruppelii on p. xx; the latter more correct for Cuvier's spelling of Ruppel on p. 332; also spelled rueppellii. We regard the emended spelling to be ruppelii, not ruppellii of Kottelat 2013. See Kulander 2016:94 [ref. 34436]. •Synonym of Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792) -- (Dor 1984:146 [ref. 29757], Russell 1990:122 [ref. 19228], Kottelat 2013:350 [ref. 32989], Golani & Fricke 2018:95 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:92 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

rutteni, Parabodianus de Beaufort [L. F.] in Weber & de Beaufort 1940:51, Fig. 10 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 8; ref. 239] Bontang, Borneo. Holotype (unique): ZMA 113094. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:92 [ref. 19236]. Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

samsonensis, Nemipterus Scott [T. D.] 1959:77, Fig. 2 [Transactions Royal Society of South Australia v. 82; ref. 12026] Point Samson, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): SAMA F2966. Type catalog: Glover 1976:172 [ref. 19449]. •Synonym of Nemipterus peronii (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Russell 1990:49 [ref. 19228], Allen et al. 2006:1244 [ref. 29090], Kottelat 2013:349 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus peronii (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

setigerus, Dentex Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:253 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Japan. Syntypes: ZMB 8812 (1), ?8195 (1, stuffed). Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:84-85 [ref. 20898], Bauchot et al. 1983:14, 18 [ref. 11366]. Based on Sparus sinensis Lacepède and one specimen. •Synonym of Nemipterus virgatus (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Russell 1990:59 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:305 [ref. 13441]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus virgatus (Houttuyn 1782). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

setosus, Pentapus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:270 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8749 (2), 0000-8781 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:9 [ref. 11366]. •Valid as Pentapodus setosus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:98 [ref. 19754] as Pentaposus, Russell 1990:89 [ref. 19228], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:320 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:140 [ref. 23977], Machida & Hiramatsu 1999:56 [ref. 24161], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:104 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:101 [ref. 26368], Russell 2001:3075 [ref. 26106], Russell 2001:56 [ref. 26651], Allen & Adrim 2003:40 [ref. 26830], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Allen & Erdmann 2009:285 [ref. 30093], Allen & Erdmann 2012:483 [ref. 31980], Yoshida et al. 2013:146 [ref. 34464], Motomura et al. 2017:150 [ref. 35490], Allen et al. 2018:86 [ref. 36276], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:178 [ref. 36460], Prokofiev 2020:34 [30] [ref. 37917]). Current status: Valid as Pentapodus setosus (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Singapore and Malaysia east to Philippines, north to northern Vietnam. Habitat: marine.

siamensis, Scolopsis Akazaki [M.] 1962:119, 342, Fig. 30 [Studies on the spariform fishes; ref. 5771] Gulf of Thailand. Holotype (unique): FAKU 29354 [ex MIKU]. •Synonym of Scolopsis taeniopterus (Cuvier 1830) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:94 [ref. 19754], Russell 1990:118 [ref. 19228], Russell 2001:3077 [ref. 26106], Nakamura et al. 2018:226 [ref. 36223]). Current status: Synonym of Scolopsis taenioptera (Cuvier 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

sinensis, Sparus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:46, 141 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] China. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:90-91 [ref. 20898], Bauchot et al. 1983:15 [ref. 11366]. •Synonym of Nemipterus virgatus (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Russell 1990:59 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:305 [ref. 13441]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus virgatus (Houttuyn 1782). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

smithii, Dentex (Heterognathodon) Steindachner [F.] 1868:978 [14], Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 57; ref. 14081] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Holotype (unique): NMW. Species listed as smithi in name only in earlier abstract [ref. 20463]. On p. 14 of separate. •Synonym of Nemipterus peronii (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Russell 1986:600 [ref. 5708], Russell 1990:49 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:303 [ref. 13441], Kottelat 2013:349 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus peronii (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

specularis, Scolopsis De Vis [C. W.] 1882:369 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 7 (pt 3); ref. 1087] Queensland, Australia. Holotype: not at QM. •Questionably a synonym of Scolopsis ciliatus (Lacepède 1802) -- (Russell 1990:108 [ref. 19228]). •Incertae sedis in Nemipteridae -- (Allen et al. 2006:1250 [ref. 29090]). •Questionably a synonym of Scolopsis ciliata (Lacepède 1802) -- (Kottelat 2013:350 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Scolopsis ciliata (Lacepède 1802). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

striata, Coryphaena Bloch [M. E.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:252 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Manuscript name mentioned in passing under Dentex striatus, not available. Nemipteridae.

striatus, Dentex Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:252 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Holotype (unique): not at MNHN or ZMB. Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:84 [ref. 20898], Bauchot et al. 1983:14 [ref. 11366]. •Questionably a synonym of Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch 1791) -- (Russell 1990:37 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:302 [ref. 13441], Ning et al. 2015:2 [ref. 35427]). Current status: Uncertain as Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch 1791). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

sugillatus, Nemipterus Russell [B. C.] & Ho [H.-C.] 2017:282, Figs. 1A-C [Zootaxa 4231 (no. 2); ref. 35134] Kenting region, southern tip of Taiwan, depth ca. 100 meters, Hengchun market specimen. Holotype: ASIZ-P 80855. Paratypes: BMNH 1984.8.20.14 (1), CSIRO, NMMB-P, NTM, PPO NCIP. •Valid as Nemipterus sugillatus Russel & Ho 2017. Current status: Valid as Nemipterus sugillatus Russell & Ho 2017. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Indonesia and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

sumbawensis, Dentex Bleeker [P.] 1859:439 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 19; ref. 16985] Sumbawa Island, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5702. •Synonym of Nemipterus nematopus (Bleeker 1851) -- (Russell 1990:46 [ref. 19228], Russell 1991:1384 [ref. 19490]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus nematopus (Bleeker 1851). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

sundanensis, Dentex Bleeker [P.] 1873:42 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 7; ref. 433] Java; Bangka; Belitung Island, Indonesia; Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH. •Synonym of Nemipterus furcosus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Russell 1990:34 [ref. 19228], Russell 1991:37 [ref. 20179], Russell 1993:300 [ref. 13441]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus furcosus (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

taeniatus, Scolopsides Cuvier [G.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:340 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 5; ref. 999] Massawa, northern Red Sea, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype: ZMB (whereabouts unknown). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:15 [ref. 11366]. Original spelling tæniatus. Gender of genus is female, so correct name is taeniata when in Scolopsis. •Synonym of Scolopsis bimaculatus Rüppell 1828 -- (Dor 1984:145 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Scolopsis taeniatus (Cuvier 1830) -- (Russell 1990:116 [ref. 19228], Goren & Dor 1994:40 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:217 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:187 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S110 [ref. 27377], Barman & Mishra 2009:35 [ref. 37652], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:426 [ref. 33460], Zajonz et al. 2019:80 [ref. 36871]). •Valid as Scolopsis taeniata (Cuvier 1830) -- (Psomadakis et al. 2015:271 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:330 [ref. 36183], Golani & Fricke 2018:95 [ref. 36273], Jawad et al. 2018:116 [ref. 36262], Eagderi et al. 2019:91 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Scolopsis taeniata (Cuvier 1830). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Red Sea; western Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Socotra, Gulf of Oman and Persian Gulf east to Sri Lanka. Habitat: marine.

taeniopterus, Dentex Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:246 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] No locality. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-0697 (dry skin, left side). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:7 [ref. 11366]. •Synonym of Nemipterus hexodon (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Russell 1990:37 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:301 [ref. 13441]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus hexodon (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

taeniopterus, Scolopsides Cuvier [G.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:345 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 5; ref. 999] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH D333. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:15 [ref. 11366]. •Valid as Scolopsis taeniopterus (Cuvier 1830) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:94 [ref. 19754], Allen & Swainston 1988:88 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:118 [ref. 19228], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:324 [ref. 27969] with author as Valenciennes, Allen 1997:138 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:100 [ref. 26476], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:621 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Russell 2001:3077 [ref. 26106], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:102 [ref. 26368], Béarez 2003:61 [ref. 27027]). •Valid as Scolopsis taenioptera (Cuvier 1830) -- (Chen 1997:350 [ref. 23444], Kuiter 1997:172 [ref. 25488], Allen & Adrim 2003:41 [ref. 26830] with author as Valenciennes, Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:105 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Allen et al. 2006:1249 [ref. 29090], Shibukawa in Shibukawa & Motomura 2009:160 [ref. 31131], Allen & Erdmann 2012:488 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:147 [ref. 34464], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2015:58 [ref. 34319], Motomura et al. 2017:152 [ref. 35490], Nakamura et al. 2018:226 [ref. 36223], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2018:179 [ref. 36460], Nakamura et al. 2019:126 [ref. 36815], Psomadakis et al. 2020:486 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Scolopsis taenioptera (Cuvier 1830). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Myanmar, Andaman Sea and Indonesia east to Papua New Guinea, north to northern Vietnam and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

tambuloides, Dentex Bleeker [P.] 1853:465 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 336] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Original as tambuloïdes. •Valid as Nemipterus tambuloides (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:86 [ref. 19754], Russell 1990:56 [ref. 19228], Kimura 1993:2 [ref. 24330], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:315 [ref. 27969], Nakabo 2000:849 [ref. 25086], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Russell 2001:3072 [ref. 26106], Nakabo 2002:849 [ref. 26001], Yoshida et al. 2013:146 [ref. 34464]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus tambuloides (Bleeker 1853). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

tambulus, Dentex Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:249, 558 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Puducherry, India and Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Syntypes: MNHN A-8088 (1); ZMB 1118 (1), 8147 (1, left skin), 8196 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:85 [ref. 20898], Bauchot et al. 1983:7, 18 [ref. 11366], Paepke 1999:106 [ref. 24282]. Replacement name for Dentex filamentosus Valenciennes 1830, secondarily preoccupied by Cantharus filamentosus Rüppell 1828 when both are in Synagris. •Synonym of Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch 1791) -- (Dor 1984:144 [ref. 29757], Russell 1990:40 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:302 [ref. 13441], Ning et al. 2015:2 [ref. 35427]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus japonicus (Bloch 1791). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

tanyactis, Parascolopsis Russell [B. C.] 1986:140, Fig. 3 [The Beagle (Occasional Papers of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences) v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 5992] 250 kilometers north-northeast of Larrey Point (17°56'S, 119°56'E), North West Shelf, Western Australia, depth 250-160 meters. Holotype: WAM P.26263-001. Paratypes: AMS I.24278-001 (1); BMNH 1984.6.25.7 (1); CSIRO CA 4112 (1); LON NCIP uncat. (1); NTM S.10739-002 (1), S.10747-005 (1), S.10781-001 (3), S.11046-001 (1), S.11168-004 (1); USNM 231473 (1), 231480 (1); WAM P.26187-003 (1), P.26212-001 (2 not 12), P.26888-001 (1), P.26889-001 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:26 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:29 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Parascolopsis tanyactis Russell 1986 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:88 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:74 [ref. 19228], Russell 1996:64 [ref. 22469], Russell & Chin 1996:418 [ref. 22753], Allen 1997:138 [ref. 23977], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Russell 2001:3083 [ref. 26106], Allen et al. 2006:1245 [ref. 29090], Larson et al. 2013:145 [ref. 32988], Nair et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34793], Motomura et al. 2017:149 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Parascolopsis tanyactis Russell 1986. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

temporalis, Scolopsides Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:341 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 5; ref. 999] Waigeo, Indonesia; New Guinea; Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-7872 (1) New Guinea, 0000-7876 (1) Waigeo, 0000-7877 (1) Vanikoro. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:11 [ref. 11366]. •Valid as Scolopsis temporalis (Cuvier 1830) -- (Russell 1990:119 [ref. 19228], Allen 1997:140 [ref. 23977], Russell 2001:3088 [ref. 26106], Allen & Adrim 2003:41 [ref. 26830], Béarez 2003:61 [ref. 27027], Randall 2005:285 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2014:93 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:169 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Scolopsis temporalis (Cuvier 1830). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: eastern Indonesia and New Guinea east to Fiji, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

theodorei, Nemipterus Ogilby [J. D.] 1916:113 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 28; ref. 15124] Caloundra Banks, southern Queensland, Australia. Holotype: QM I.2648. Paratypes: QM I.2649 (1). •Valid as Nemipterus theodorei Ogilby 1916 -- (Russell 1990:58 [ref. 19228], Johnson 2001:736 [ref. 25471], Russell 2001:3080 [ref. 26106], Allen et al. 2006:1244 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus theodorei Ogilby 1916. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

thosaporni, Nemipterus Russell [B. C.] 1991:1386, Fig. 4 [Journal of Natural History v. 25 (no. 5); ref. 19490] Songkhla fish landing, Songkhla, Thailand, 7°12'N, 100°35'E. Holotype: NTM S.12006-001. Paratypes: NTM S.10665-006 (1), S.10668-010 (1), S.10677-018 (2), S.10678-007 (3), S.12004-001 (3), S.12371-001 (2); PMBC 5119 (1); NCIP 4020 (1), 4021 (1). Type catalog: Nateewanthana 1990:71 [ref. 20165] as flavolineatus prior to the original description. •Valid as Nemipterus thosaporni Russell 1991 -- (Russell 1993:304 [ref. 13441], Nakabo 2000:849 [ref. 25086], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Russell 2001:3073 [ref. 26106], Nakabo 2002:849 [ref. 26001], Russel & Ho 2017:287 [ref. 35134]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus thosaporni Russell 1991. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

tolu, Dentex Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:248 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Puducherry [Pondicherry], India; New Guinea. Syntypes: MNHN A-6151 (1, dry), A-8086 (1, dry) and 8772 (1) Puducherry; MNHN 0000-9038 (2) New Guinea. Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:85 [ref. 20898], Bauchot et al. 1983:7 [ref. 11366]. •Valid as Nemipterus tolu (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:91 [ref. 19754], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:176 [ref. 6441], Dor 1984:145 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Nemipterus peronii (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Russell 1990:49 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:303 [ref. 13441], Randall 1995:216 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:185 [ref. 23922], Russell 2001:3071 [ref. 26106], Randall 2005:282 [ref. 28239], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:335 [ref. 28867], Ning et al. 2011:829 [ref. 32152], Kottelat 2013:349 [ref. 32989], Golani & Fricke 2018:94 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:90 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus peronii (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

torquatus, Scolopsides Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:335 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 5; ref. 999] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7835. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:11 [ref. 11366]. •Synonym of Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792) -- (Russell 1990:122 [ref. 19228]). •Valid as Scolopsis torquata (Cuvier 1830) -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:41 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:489 [ref. 31980], Psomadakis et al. 2015:271 [ref. 34104] as torquatus). Current status: Valid as Scolopsis torquata (Cuvier 1830). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Pakistan, to Thailand., Malaysia and, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

tosensis, Scolopsis Kamohara [T.] 1938:32, Fig. 14 [On the offshore bottom-fishes of Prov. Tosa; ref. 2551] Mimase, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Kamohara "neotype": BSKU 9792. Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:3-4 [ref. 19282]. "Neotype" designation by: Kamohara 1961:3-4 [ref. 19282], but neotype designation was not made in a revisory work and is invalid. •Valid as Scolopsis tosensis Kamohara 1938 -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:175 [ref. 6441], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1985:511, 689 [ref. 8056]). •Valid as Parascolopsis tosensis (Kamohara 1938) -- (Russell 1990:75 [ref. 19228], Russell 1996:64 [ref. 22469], Russell & Chin 1996:418 [ref. 22753], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:319 [ref. 27969], Nakabo 2000:851 [ref. 25086], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Shinohara et al. 2001:326 [ref. 25995], Russell 2001:3083 [ref. 26106], Nakabo 2002:851 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:435 [ref. 28370], Nair et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34793]). Current status: Valid as Parascolopsis tosensis (Kamohara 1938). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

townsendi, Parascolopsis Boulenger [G. A.] 1901:262, Pl. 6 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 7 (no. 39) (art. 32); ref. 560] Sea of Oman. Syntypes: BMNH 1901.1.30.11-14 (3), 1901.1.30.15 (1), 1901.1.30.16-17 (2); FMNH 5736 (1); MNHN 1903-0112 [ex BMNH] (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:8 [ref. 11366], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:63 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Parascolopsis townsendi Boulenger 1901 -- (Russell 1990:77 [ref. 19228], Russell & Golani 1993:344 [ref. 21129], Goren & Dor 1994:40 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:217 [ref. 22896], Russell 1996:64 [ref. 22469], Naik et al. 2002:76 [ref. 26716], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S110 [ref. 27377], Barman & Mishra 2009:22 [ref. 37652], Psomadakis et al. 2015:270 [ref. 34104], Nair et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34793]). Current status: Valid as Parascolopsis townsendi Boulenger 1901. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, Pakistan. Habitat: marine.

trilineatus, Scolopsis Kner [R.] 1868:27 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 58 (nos 1-2); ref. 6074] Savai'i Island, Samoa. Holotype: ZMH H458 [ex MGH 5867]. Possible type: BMNH 1869.11.12.13 (1). Type catalog: Ladiges 1958:170 [ref. 19182], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:409 [ref. 21161]. Appeared in more detail in Kner 1868:301 [p. 9 of separate], Pl. 2 (fig. 5) [ref. 2646]. •Valid as Scolopsis trilineatus Kner 1868 -- (Russell 1990:121 [ref. 19228], Randall et al. 1990:207 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:140 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:207 [ref. 25919], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:621 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:277 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Russell 2001:3089 [ref. 26106], Béarez 2003:61 [ref. 27027], Randall et al. 2004:17 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:286 [ref. 28239]). •Valid [correctly] as Scolopsis trilineata Kner 1868 -- (Chen 1997:350 [ref. 23444], Kuiter 1997:170 [ref. 25488], Myers 1999:158 [ref. 23965], Allen & Adrim 2003:41 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:1249 [ref. 29090], Motomura et al. 2010:125 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:489 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Scolopsis trilineata Kner 1868. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean: eastern Indonesia to Samoa and Australia north to Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

trivittatus, Labrus Bloch [M. E.] 1791:106, Pl. 275 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 5; ref. 4867] Japan [in error]. No types known. Text cites pl. 275 on which the name Sparus vittatus appears. Not Sparus vittatus of p. 33, pl. 263. On p. 83 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 8 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Pentapodus trivittatus (Bloch 1791) -- (Russell 1990:92 [ref. 19228] but not occurring in Japan, Allen 1997:140 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:157 [ref. 23965], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:321 [ref. 27969], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:104 [ref. 25868], Russell 2001:3086 [ref. 26106], Russell 2001:56 [ref. 26651], Allen & Adrim 2003:40 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:103 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Allen & Erdmann 2009:285 [ref. 30093], Allen & Erdmann 2012:483 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:92 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2017:151 [ref. 35490], Allen et al. 2018:88 [ref. 36276], Fricke et al. 2019:166 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pentapodus trivittatus (Bloch 1791). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Caroline Islands and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Malaysia and Philippines, south to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

unicolor, Pentapus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:263 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] No locality. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-0688 (dry skin, left side). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:9 [ref. 11366]; holotype is also possibly the holotype for Bodianus fischerii Lacepède 1802. •Questionably a synonym of Pentapodus trivittatus (Bloch 1791) -- (Russell 1990:92 [ref. 19228]). Current status: Uncertain as Pentapodus trivittatus (Bloch 1791). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

upeneoides, Dentex Bleeker [P.] 1853:725 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 5); ref. 16829] Sinus Klabat, Bangka, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5687. Original as upeneoïdes. •Synonym of Nemipterus furcosus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Russell 1990:34 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:300 [ref. 13441]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus furcosus (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

upeneoides, Latilus Bleeker [P.] 1845:523 [Natuur-en Geneeskundig Archief voor Neȇrlandsch Indië v. 2 (3); ref. 312] Not available, no distinguishing features; from Batavia, Java. •In the synonymy of Nemipterus gracilis (Bleeker 1873) -- (Russell 1990:36 [ref. 19228]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus gracilis (Bleeker 1873). Nemipteridae.

virgatus, Sparus Houttuyn [M.] 1782:323 [Verhandelingen der Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen, Haarlem v. 20 (pt 2); ref. 2220] Japan. No types known. Type catalog: Wheeler 1985:57 [ref. 20705]; see also Boeseman 1995:6 [ref. 21811]. •Valid as Nemipterus virgatus (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:176 [ref. 6441], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1985:509, 688 [ref. 8056], Allen & Swainston 1988:86 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:59 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:305 [ref. 13441], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:317 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:136 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:97 [ref. 26476], Nakabo 2000:850 [ref. 25086], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:135 [ref. 25480], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:326 [ref. 25995], Russell 2001:3074 [ref. 26106], Nakabo 2002:850 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:345, 618 [ref. 26218], Allen et al. 2006:1244 [ref. 29090], Ho & Shao 2011: 47 [ref. 31432], Larson et al. 2013:144 [ref. 32988], Ning et al. 2015:5 [ref. 35427], Russel & Ho 2017:287 [ref. 35134], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:177 [ref. 36460], Sonoyama et al. 2020:70 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus virgatus (Houttuyn 1782). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

vitiensis, Nemipterus Russell [B. C.] 1990:35, Fig. 1 [The Beagle, Records of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 19230] Vatutotollu Reef, Viti Levu, Fiji Islands, 17°10'S, 117°38'E, depth 273 meters. Holotype: NTM S.11744-001. Paratypes: AMS I.12012-13 (1, 1), I.26907-001 (2); NTM S.11140-001 (2). •Valid as Nemipterus vitiensis Russell 1990 -- (Russell 1990:61 [ref. 19228], Russell 2001:3081 [ref. 26106]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus vitiensis Russell 1990. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

vitta, Pentapodus Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:294, Pl. 44 (figs. 4, 5) [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Shark Bay, Western Australia. Holotype: MNHN 0000-8747 [?8785]. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:8 [ref. 11366]. •Valid as Pentapodus vitta Quoy & Gaimard 1824 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:88 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:93 [ref. 19228], Allen 1997:138 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:168 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Russell 2001:56 [ref. 26651], Allen et al. 2006:1247 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2009:285 [ref. 30093], Allen et al. 2018:87 [ref. 36276], Hoschke et al. 2019:156 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Pentapodus vitta Quoy & Gaimard 1824. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: South Muiron Island south to Cape Leeuwin (Western Australia endemic). Habitat: marine.

vosmeri, Anthias Bloch [M. E.] 1792:120, Pl. 321 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 6; ref. 470] Japanisches Meer [Nagasaki, Japan]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 8729 (left skin, in 3 parts). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:105 [ref. 24282]. On p. 103 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 9 [ref. 21381]. Spelled vosmari in Bloch & Schneider 1801:304 [ref. 471]; as Lutjanus vosmaeri in Lacepède 1802:213 [ref. 4929]. •Valid as Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:95 [ref. 19754], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:175 [ref. 6441], Dor 1984:146 [ref. 29757], Russell 1986:601 [ref. 5708], Allen & Swainston 1988:88 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:122 [ref. 19228], Goren & Dor 1994:40 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:218 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:325 [ref. 27969], Chen 1997:350 [ref. 23444], Allen 1997:138 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:187 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:101 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:172 [ref. 25488], Nakabo 2000:853 [ref. 25086], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:621 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:144 [ref. 25480], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:102 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Russell 2001:3089 [ref. 26106], Nakabo 2002:853 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:41 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S110 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:37 [ref. 27712], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:247 [ref. 28072], Allen et al. 2006:1250 [ref. 29090], Barman & Mishra 2009:36 [ref. 37652], Shibukawa in Shibukawa & Motomura 2009:160 [ref. 31131], Allen & Erdmann 2012:490 [ref. 31980], Mishra et al. 2013:445 [ref. 32430], Larson et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:350 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:147 [ref. 34464], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:425 [ref. 33460], Psomadakis et al. 2015:272 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:152 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:331 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:212 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:95 [ref. 36273], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2018:180 [ref. 36460], Eagderi et al. 2019:92 [ref. 37020], Russell et al. 2019:591 [ref. 36827], Zajonz et al. 2019:80 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:487 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch 1792). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Persian Gulf and Madagascar east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to Northern Territory (Australia) and Exmouth Gulf (Western Australia). Habitat: marine.

vosmerianus, Sparus Shaw [G.] in Shaw & Nodder 1810:no page number, Pl. 939 [The Naturalist's Miscellany; ref. 4013] Indian Seas. Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

worcesteri, Nemipterus Evermann [B. W.] & Seale [A.] 1907:81, Fig. 14 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 26 (Doc. 607) (for 1906); ref. 1285] Bacon, Sorsogon, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 55917. •Synonym of Nemipterus furcosus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Russell 1990:34 [ref. 19228], Russell 1991:37 [ref. 20179], Russell 1993:300 [ref. 13441]). Current status: Synonym of Nemipterus furcosus (Valenciennes 1830). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

xanthopleura, Heterognathodon Bleeker [P.] 1849:31 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 23 (no. 5); ref. 16906] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Appeared first in Bleeker 1848:634 [ref. 315] as "I have named the first species of the genus discovered by me, Heterodon zonatus, which name I afterwards changed into Heterognathodon xanthopleura, ..." Heterodon zonatus Bleeker 1845 is not available, so the "replacement" is not available from 1848:634 but dates to 1850 as above; also in Bleeker 1850:101 [ref. 16888]. •Synonym of Pentapodus trivittatus (Bloch 1791) -- (Russell 1990:92 [ref. 19228]). Current status: Synonym of Pentapodus trivittatus (Bloch 1791). Nemipteridae. Habitat: marine.

xenochrous, Scolopsis Günther [A.] 1872:423 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 10 (no. 60) (art,. 60); ref. 18195] Misool [Misol] Island, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1870.8.31.34. The species name xenochrous is a noun in apposition; therefore, the original spelling is retained. •Valid as Scolopsis xenochroa Günther 1872 -- (Chen 1997:350 [ref. 23444], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:106 [ref. 27510]). •Valid as Scolopsis xenochrous Günther 1872 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:88 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:123 [ref. 19228], Aizawa et al. 1993:2 [ref. 24326], Allen 1997:138 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:172 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:518 [ref. 25919], Nakabo 2000:853 [ref. 25086], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:621 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:104 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Russell 2001:3089 [ref. 26106], Nakabo 2002:853 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:41 [ref. 26830], Allen et al. 2006:1250 [ref. 29090], Barman & Mishra 2009:37 [ref. 37652], Allen & Erdmann 2012:490 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:93 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:169 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:487 [ref. 37272], Karuppasamy et al. 2020:[3] [ref. 37672]). Current status: Valid as Scolopsis xenochrous Günther 1872. Nemipteridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Lakshadweep Islands (India), Maldives, southern India and Sri Lanka east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Solomon Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia and Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

zonatus, Heterodon Bleeker [P.] 1845:523 [Natuur-en Geneeskundig Archief voor Neȇrlandsch Indië v. 2 (3); ref. 312] Not available, no distinguishing features; from Batavia, Java. •In the synonymy of Pentapodus trivittatus (Bloch 1791) -- (Russell 1990:92 [ref. 19228]). Current status: Synonym of Pentapodus trivittatus (Bloch 1791). Nemipteridae.

zysron, Dentex Bleeker [P.] 1856:219 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 354] Pulau Nias, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5688. •Valid as Nemipterus zysron (Bleeker 1856) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:86 [ref. 25477], Russell 1990:62 [ref. 19228], Russell 1993:306 [ref. 13441], Goren & Dor 1994:40 [ref. 25356], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:317 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:136 [ref. 23977], Anderson et al. 1998:24 [ref. 23611], Nakabo 2000:850 [ref. 25086], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:101 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Russell 2001:3081 [ref. 26106], Nakabo 2002:850 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S110 [ref. 27377], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:102 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:282 [ref. 28239], Randall et al. 2005:124 [ref. 28745], Allen et al. 2006:1244 [ref. 29090], Barman & Mishra 2009:15 [ref. 37652], Shibukawa in Shibukawa & Motomura 2009:158 [ref. 31131], Russell & Tweddle 2013:196 [ref. 32547], Larson et al. 2013:145 [ref. 32988], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:426 [ref. 33460], Psomadakis et al. 2015:269 [ref. 34104], Russel & Ho 2017:287 [ref. 35134], Motomura et al. 2017:147 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:330 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:211 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:94 [ref. 36273], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2018:178 [ref. 36460], Eagderi et al. 2019:90 [ref. 37020], Psomadakis et al. 2020:482 [ref. 37272], Russell & Gouws 2020:578 [ref. 38021]). Current status: Valid as Nemipterus zysron (Bleeker 1856). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar, Seychelles and Persian Gulf east to Marshall Islands and Fiji, north to Taiwan, south to Dampier Archipelago (Western Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.