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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Samaridae: [ 35 ] records


asanoi, Samariscus Ochiai [A.] & Amaoka [K.] 1962:87, Fig. 3 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 13) v. 5 (no. 50); ref. 6357] Tonking Bay, Taiwan, depth 71 meters. Holotype (unique): FAKU S.297. •Valid as Samariscus asanoi Ochiai & Amaoka 1962 -- (Sakamoto 1984:211 [ref. 5273], Quéro et al. 1989:113 [ref. 12826], Hensley 1993:373 [ref. 22369], Amaoka et al. 1997:94 [ref. 22730], Amaoka in Randall & Lim 2000:645 [ref. 25122], Kawai et al. 2008:19 [ref. 29524], Voronina 2009:579 [ref. 33679], Kawai et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31689], Diaz de Astaoloa et al. 2014:241 [ref. 33164]). Current status: Valid as Samariscus asanoi Ochiai & Amaoka 1962. Samaridae. Distribution: Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

biocellata, Plagiopsetta Fricke [R.], Golani [D.] & Appelbaum-Golani [B.] 2018:226, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Research v. 66 (no. 2); ref. 36268] Ras Mukebla [Marsa el Muqebila], Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, Egypt, 29°18'25"N, 34°44'34"E, depth 0.2‒1 meter. Holotype (unique): HUJ 11127. •Valid as Plagiopsetta biocellata Fricke, Golani & Appelbaum-Golani 2018. Current status: Valid as Plagiopsetta biocellata Fricke, Golani & Appelbaum-Golani 2018. Samaridae. Distribution: Egyptian coast of the northern Gulf of Aqaba. Habitat: marine.

cacatuae, Arnoglossus Ogilby [J. D.] 1910:130 [On some new fishes from the Queensland coast; ref. 3289] 21 miles south, 62°W from Cape Gloucester, Queensland, Australia, depth 26 fathoms. Holotype (unique): AMS E.2969. •Synonym of Samaris cristatus Gray 1831 -- (Hensley 2001:3870 [ref. 26313], Randall 2005:615 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1839 [ref. 29000], Mihara & Amaoka 2004:620 [ref. 28027]). Current status: Synonym of Samaris cristatus Gray 1831. Samaridae. Habitat: marine.

chesterfieldensis, Samaris Mihara [E.] & Amaoka [K.] 2004:628, Figs. 14-18 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 191; ref. 28027] Chesterfield Plateau, 19°25.49'S, 158°37.96'E, depth 215-217 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2000-0736. Paratypes: 16 at HUMZ and MNHN. •Valid as Samaris chesterfieldensis Mihara & Amaoka 2004 -- (Amaoka et al. 2004:4 [ref. 28026], Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:6 [ref. 35132]). Current status: Valid as Samaris chesterfieldensis Mihara & Amaoka 2004. Samaridae. Distribution: New Caledonia area. Habitat: marine.

corallinus, Samariscus Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:682, Pl. 96 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 23 (pt 2) [for 1903]; ref. 1631] Off southern coast of Molokai Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 3849, depth 43-73 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 51596. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8648 (1), USNM 51676 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:142 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Samariscus corallinus Gilbert 1905 -- (Sakamoto 1984:211 [ref. 5273], Quéro et al. 1989:112 [ref. 12826], Hensley 1993:372 [ref. 22369], Amaoka et al. 1997:94 [ref. 22730], Mundy 2005:520 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:465 [ref. 30952], Kawai et al. 2008:19 [ref. 29524], Voronina 2009:579 [ref. 33679], Kawai et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31689], Diaz de Astaoloa et al. 2014:241 [ref. 33164], Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:7 [ref. 35132]). Current status: Valid as Samariscus corallinus Gilbert 1905. Samaridae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

costae, Samaris Quéro [J.-C.], Hensley [D. A.] & Maugé [A. L.] 1989:105, Fig. 1 [Cybium v. 13 (no. 2); ref. 12826] Near Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean, 21°04.5'S, 55°11'E, depth 210-227 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1986-0654. Paratypes: MNHN 1986-0655 (1), 1986-0656 (1). Type catalog: Desoutter et al. 2001:314 [ref. 25922]. •Valid as Samaris costae Quéro, Hensley & Maugé 1989 -- (Evseenko 1996:727 [ref. 24666], Fricke 1999:572 [ref. 24106], Amaoka et al. 2004:4 [ref. 28026], Fricke et al. 2009:114 [ref. 30213], Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:7 [ref. 35132], Fricke et al. 2018:371 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Samaris costae Quéro, Hensley & Maugé 1989. Samaridae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Madagascar and Saya de Malha Bank to Réunion (western Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

cristatus, Samaris Gray [J. E.] 1831:5 [Zoological Miscellany [No. 1] (art. 6); ref. 1880] China, western North Pacific. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1977.4.22.8. •Valid as Samaris cristatus Gray 1831 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:265 [ref. 19754], Dor 1984:269 [ref. 29757], Sakamoto in Masuda et al. 1984:354 [ref. 6441], Heemstra 1986:864 [ref. 5660], Allen & Swainston 1988:146 [ref. 25477], Quéro et al. 1989:108 [ref. 12826], Feng in Pan et al. 1991:528 [ref. 23876], Goren & Dor 1994:71 [ref. 25356], Li & Wang 1995:270 [ref. 16193], Evseenko 1996:730 [ref. 24666], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:595 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:234 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:176 [ref. 26476], Amaoka in Randall & Lim 2000:645 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1381 [ref. 25182], Hensley 2001:3870 [ref. 26313], Hutchins 2001:46 [ref. 25847], Shinohara et al. 2001:336 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1381 [ref. 26193], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S122 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:47 [ref. 27712], Amaoka et al. 2004:4 [ref. 28026], Randall 2005:615 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1839 [ref. 29000], Mihara & Amaoka 2004:620 [ref. 28027], Ho et al. 2009:11 [ref. 31461], Kimura 2009:319 [ref. 30426], Ohashi & Motomura 2011:101 [ref. 32413], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1048 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:225 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:216 [ref. 34464], Psomadakis et al. 2015:325 [ref. 34104], Voronina et al. 2016:394 [ref. 35064], Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:7 [ref. 35132], Motomura et al. 2017:221 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:371 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:174 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Samaris cristatus Gray 1831. Samaridae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Philippines, north to Taiwan and southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

delagoensis, Samaris von Bonde [C.] 1925:289 [Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa v. 12 (pt 4); ref. 15530] Delagoa Bay, southeastern Mozambique. Syntypes: (3). •Valid as Samaris delagoensis von Bonde 1925 -- (Sakamoto 1984:211 [ref. 5273]). •Synonym of Samaris cristatus Gray 1831 -- (Heemstra 1986:864 [ref. 5660], Hensley 2001:3870 [ref. 26313], Randall 2005:615 [ref. 28239], Mihara & Amaoka 2004:620 [ref. 28027]). Current status: Synonym of Samaris cristatus Gray 1831. Samaridae. Habitat: marine.

desoutterae, Samariscus Quéro [J.-C.], Hensley [D. A.] & Maugé [A. L.] 1989:110, Fig. 4 [Cybium v. 13 (no. 2); ref. 12826] Off Madagascar, 15°20.5'S, 46°09.5'E, depth 310-350 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1984-0368. Paratypes: MNHN 1984-0369 (1). Type catalog: Desoutter et al. 2001:315 [ref. 25922], Fricke et al. 2018:371 [ref. 35805]. •Valid as Samariscus desoutterae Quéro, Hensley & Maugé 1989 -- (Amaoka et al. 1997:94 [ref. 22730], Kawai et al. 2008:19 [ref. 29524], Voronina 2009:580 [ref. 33679], Kawai et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31689], Diaz de Astaoloa et al. 2014:241 [ref. 33164], Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:8 [ref. 35132], Fricke et al. 2018:371 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Samariscus desoutterae Quéro, Hensley & Maugé 1989. Samaridae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar. Habitat: marine.

erythraeus, Samaris cristatus natio Chabanaud [P.] 1969:874, Figs. 1-4 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 40 (no. 5) (for 1968); ref. 25926] Gulf of Suez. Syntypes: MNHN 1966-0548 (1), 1967-0621 to 0626 (6), 1989-0626 (1) Type catalog: Desoutter et al. 2001:315 [ref. 25922]. Unfortunately, Chabanaud referred to this taxon as a new natio, which can be regarded as infrasubspecific and unavailable; he referred to this taxon as Samaris erythraeus on. p. 56; in footnote 1 on p. 874 it is stated that Chabanaud treated erythraeus as "une espèce indépendante de cristatus... So, we regard erythraeus as a subspecies following Desoutter et al. 2001. Chabanaud referred to the Le type, but Desoutter et al. treated only syntypes. Name appeared first in 1949 as a nomen nudum (see Type catalog: Desoutter 2001:315 [ref. 25922]). •Synonym of Samaris ornatus von Bonde 1922 -- (Desoutter et al. 2001:315 [ref. 25922]). •Synonym of Samaris cristatus Gray 1831 -- (authors). Current status: Synonym of Samaris cristatus Gray 1831. Samaridae. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Samariscus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:344, Fig. 98 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] China Sea, vicinity of Hong Kong, Albatross station D.5310, depth 100 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93090. •Valid as Samariscus fasciatus Fowler 1934 -- (Sakamoto 1984:212 [ref. 5273], Quéro et al. 1989:112 [ref. 12826], Hensley 1993:372 [ref. 22369]). •Valid as Plagiopsetta fasciatus (Fowler 1934) -- (Li & Wang 1995:283 [ref. 16193]). •Synonym of Plagiopsetta glossa Franz 1910 -- (Mihara & Amaoka 1995:210 [ref. 21741], Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:6 [ref. 35132]). Current status: Synonym of Plagiopsetta glossa Franz 1910. Samaridae. Habitat: marine.

filipectoralis, Samariscus Shen [S.-C.] 1982:210, Figs. 9a-b [Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum (Taipei) v. 35 (nos 3-4); ref. 8419] Tungkong, Taiwan. Holotype: NTUM 05337 (largest specimen). Paratypes: NTUM 05335-38 (1, 1, 2, 3). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:62 [ref. 31432]. •Synonym of Samariscus latus Matsubara & Takamuki 1951 -- (Hensley 1993:373 footnote [ref. 22369], Amaoka et al. 1997:94 [ref. 22730]). •Valid as Samariscus filipectoralis Shen 1982 -- (Quéro et al. 1989:113 [ref. 12826], Li & Wang 1995:278 [ref. 16193], Amaoka in Randall & Lim 2000:645 [ref. 25122], Kawai et al. 2008:19 [ref. 29524], Ho et al. 2009:12 [ref. 31461], Voronina 2009:580 [ref. 33679], Ho & Shao 2011:62 [ref. 31432], Kawai et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31689], Diaz de Astaoloa et al. 2014:241 [ref. 33164], Voronina et al. 2016:395 [ref. 35064], Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:8 [ref. 35132]). Current status: Valid as Samariscus filipectoralis Shen 1982. Samaridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan and Vietnam. Habitat: marine.

glossa, Plagiopsetta Franz [V.] 1910:64, Pl. 8 (fig. 58) [Abhandlungen der math.-phys. Klasse der K. Bayer Akademie der Wissenschaften v. 4 (Suppl.) (no. 1); ref. 1481] Yagoshima, Japan, depth 150 meters. Holotype (unique): ZSM [old collection] destroyed in WW II. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:279-280 [ref. 28925]. •Valid as Plagiopsetta glossa Franz 1910 -- (Sakamoto 1984:211 [ref. 5273], Sakamoto in Masuda et al. 1984:353 [ref. 6441], Quéro et al. 1989:112 [ref. 12826], Cooper et al. 1994:215 [ref. 22164], Hensley 1993:372 [ref. 22369], Lindberg & Fedorov 1993:180 [ref. 21500], Mihara & Amaoka 1995:209 [ref. 21741], Li & Wang 1995:280 [ref. 16193], Amaoka in Randall & Lim 2000:645 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1381 [ref. 25182], Hensley 2001:3872 [ref. 26313], Shinohara et al. 2001:335 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1381 [ref. 26193], Sasaki & Uyeda 2002:389 [ref. 26502], Shinohara et al. 2005:443 [ref. 28370], Hoese & Bray 2006:1839 [ref. 29000], Park et al. 2007:76 [ref. 29188], Ho et al. 2009:11 [ref. 31461], Shinohara et al. 2011:58 [ref. 31715], Ohashi & Motomura 2011:101 [ref. 32413], Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:6 [ref. 35132], Jeong in Motomura et al. 2017:221 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:[2] [ref. 36268]). Current status: Valid as Plagiopsetta glossa Franz 1910. Samaridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: southern China east to Philippines, north to East China Sea and Japan. Habitat: marine.

gracilis, Plagiopsetta Mihara [E.] & Amaoka [K.] 2004:617, Figs. 4-6 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 191; ref. 28027] New Caledonia, 18°15.3'S, 162°58.89'E, depth 300-350 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 2000-0706. •Valid as Plagiopsetta gracilis Mihara & Amaoka 2004 -- (Fricke et al. 2018:[2] [ref. 36268]). Current status: Valid as Plagiopsetta gracilis Mihara & Amaoka 2004. Samaridae. Distribution: New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

hexaradiatus, Samariscus Díaz de Astarloa [M.], Causse [R.] & Pruvost [P.] 2014:243, Fig. 1 [Cybium v. 37 (no. 4) (for 2013); ref. 33164] Solomon Islands, 10°12'00"S, 161°19'01"E,, southwestern Pacific, depth 135-325 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2002-3655. Paratypes: MNHN 2002-3761 (1). Type changed to MNHN 2002-3761 on Romain Causse email Mar. 22, 2016. •Valid as Samariscus hexaradiatus Díaz de Astarloa, Causse & Pruvost 2014 -- (Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:8 [ref. 35132]). Current status: Valid as Samariscus hexaradiatus Díaz de Astarloa, Causse & Pruvost 2014. Samaridae. Distribution: Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

huysmani, Samariscus Weber [M.] 1913:420, Pl. 6 (fig. 6) [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Java Sea, 6°36.5'S, 114°55.5'E, Siboga station 318, depth 88 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMA 109324. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:107 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Samariscus huysmani Weber 1913 -- (Sakamoto 1984:212 [ref. 5273], Quéro et al. 1989:113 [ref. 12826], Hensley 1993:373 [ref. 22369], Li & Wang 1995:274 [ref. 16193], Amaoka et al. 1997:94 [ref. 22730], Hensley 2001:3874 [ref. 26313], Hoese & Bray 2006:1840 [ref. 29000], Kawai et al. 2008:19 [ref. 29524], Voronina 2009:580 [ref. 33679], Kawai et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31689], Diaz de Astaoloa et al. 2014:245 [ref. 33164], Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:8 [ref. 35132] as huismani). Current status: Valid as Samariscus huysmani Weber 1913. Samaridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Myanmar, Java, Bali, New Caledonia, Coral Sea, Vanuatu and northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

inornata, Samaris Lloyd [R. E.] 1909:160 [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 2814] Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, western Indian Ocean, 13°36'N, 47°32'E, Investigator station 360, depth 130 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1927.1.6.67 [ex ZSI] (1); ZSI F2401/1 and 2402/1 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:158 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:45 [ref. 22148]. Figured in Lloyd 1909: Pl. 47 (figs. 7, 7a) [ref. 20539]. •Valid as Samariscus inornatus (Lloyd 1909) -- (Sakamoto 1984:211 [ref. 5273], Quéro et al. 1989:113 [ref. 12826], Hensley 1993:373 [ref. 22369], Li & Wang 1995:272 [ref. 16193], Amaoka et al. 1997:94 [ref. 22730], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S122 [ref. 27377], Kawai et al. 2008:19 [ref. 29524], Voronina 2009:580 [ref. 33679], Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:8 [ref. 35132], Golani & Fricke 2018:174 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Samariscus inornatus (Lloyd 1909). Samaridae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden. Habitat: marine.

japonicus, Samariscus Kamohara [T.] 1936:1006, Fig. 1 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 48 (no. 12); ref. 13709] Mimase, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Kamohara "neotype": BSKU 7773. Type catalog: Kamohara 1961:7 [ref. 19282], but neotype designation was not made in a revisory work and is invalid. "Neotype" designation: Kamohara 1961:7 [ref. 19282], but neotype designation was not made in a revisory work and is invalid. •Valid as Samariscus japonicus Kamohara 1936 -- (Sakamoto 1984:211 [ref. 5273], Sakamoto in Masuda et al. 1984:354 [ref. 6441], Matsuura in Okamura et al. 1985:623, 741 [ref. 8056], Quéro et al. 1989:113 [ref. 12826], Hensley 1993:373 [ref. 22369], Amaoka et al. 1997:94 [ref. 22730], Nakabo 2000:1382 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2001:336 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1382 [ref. 26193], Park et al. 2007:74 [ref. 29188], Kawai et al. 2008:19 [ref. 29524], Voronina 2009:580 [ref. 33679], Kawai et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31689], Diaz de Astaoloa et al. 2014:241 [ref. 33164], Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:8 [ref. 35132]). Current status: Valid as Samariscus japonicus Kamohara 1936. Samaridae. Distribution: Southern Japan and East China Sea. Habitat: marine.

latus, Samariscus Matsubara [K.] & Takamuki [H.] 1951:361, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 1 (no. 6); ref. 12787] Off Owase, Kumano-Nada, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 2386 (apparently lost). Paratypes: (apparently lost) FAKU 15785 (1), 16050-54 (5). •Valid as Samariscus latus Matsubara & Takamuki 1951 -- (Sakamoto 1984:211 [ref. 5273], Sakamoto in Masuda et al. 1984:354 [ref. 6441], Quéro et al. 1989:113 [ref. 12826], Hensley 1993:373 [ref. 22369], Lindberg & Fedorov 1993:182 [ref. 21500], Li & Wang 1995:275 [ref. 16193], Amaoka et al. 1997:94 [ref. 22730], Amaoka in Randall & Lim 2000:645 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1382 [ref. 25182], Hensley 2001:3875 [ref. 26313], Shinohara et al. 2001:336 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1382 [ref. 26193], Kawai et al. 2008:19 [ref. 29524], Ho et al. 2009:12 [ref. 31461], Voronina 2009:581 [ref. 33679], Kawai et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31689], Diaz de Astaoloa et al. 2014:245 [ref. 33164], Shinohara et al. 2014:278 [ref. 33330], Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:8 [ref. 35132]). Current status: Valid as Samariscus latus Matsubara & Takamuki 1951. Samaridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: southern Japan, Taiwan, Philippines and Saya de Malha Bank. Habitat: marine.

leopardus, Samariscus Voronina [E. P.] 2009:575, Figs. 1-3, 4a [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 49 (no. 5); ref. 30679] Saya de Malha Bank, Indian Ocean, 11°22'S, 61°42'E, depth 159 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMMU P-15039. •Valid as Samariscus leopardus Voronina 2009 -- (Voronina 2009:579 [ref. 33679], Kawai et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31689], Diaz de Astaoloa et al. 2014:241 [ref. 33164], Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:8 [ref. 35132]). Current status: Valid as Samariscus leopardus Voronina 2009. Samaridae. Distribution: Saya de Malha Bank, Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

longimanus, Samariscus Norman [J. R.] 1927:46, Pl. 7 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 29 (pt 1); ref. 3217] West of Sri Lanka, 7°47'36"N, 76°42'54" to 76°41'48"E, Investigator station 609, depth 102-105 fathoms. Holotype: ZSI F10846/1. Paratypes: BMNH 1827.1.6.68 (1). •Valid as Samariscus longimanus Norman 1927 -- (Sakamoto 1984:211 [ref. 5273], Quéro et al. 1989:112 [ref. 12826], Hensley 1993:373 [ref. 22369], Li & Wang 1995:276 [ref. 16193], Amaoka et al. 1997:94 [ref. 22730], Kawai et al. 2008:19 [ref. 29524], Ho et al. 2009:12 [ref. 31461], Voronina 2009:580 [ref. 33679], Kawai et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31689], Diaz de Astaoloa et al. 2014:241 [ref. 33164], Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:8 [ref. 35132]). Current status: Valid as Samariscus longimanus Norman 1927. Samaridae. Distribution: West of Sri Lanka and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

luzonensis, Samariscus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:343, Fig. 96 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] West coast of Luzon Island, Philippines, Albatross station 5442, 16°30'36"N, 120°11'06"E, depth 45 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93089. •Valid as Samariscus luzonensis Fowler 1934 -- (Sakamoto 1984:211 [ref. 5273], Quéro et al. 1989:113 [ref. 12826], Hensley 1993:373 [ref. 22369], Amaoka et al. 1997:94 [ref. 22730], Hensley 2001:3875 [ref. 26313], Kawai et al. 2008:19 [ref. 29524], Voronina 2009:580 [ref. 33679], Kawai et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31689], Diaz de Astaoloa et al. 2014:241 [ref. 33164], Voronina et al. 2016:395 [ref. 35064], Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:8 [ref. 35132]). Current status: Valid as Samariscus luzonensis Fowler 1934. Samaridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines and Vietnam. Habitat: marine.

macrognathus, Samariscus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:343, Fig. 97 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85 (for 1933); ref. 1416] West coast of Luzon Island, Philippines, 16°30'36"N, 120°11'06"E, Albatross station 5442, depth 45 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 93088. •Valid as Samariscus macrognathus Fowler 1934 -- (Sakamoto 1984:211 [ref. 5273], Quéro et al. 1989:112 [ref. 12826], Hensley 1993:372 [ref. 22369], Amaoka et al. 1997:94 [ref. 22730], Hensley 2001:3875 [ref. 26313], Kawai et al. 2008:19 [ref. 29524], Voronina 2009:581 [ref. 33679], Kawai et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31689], Diaz de Astaoloa et al. 2014:246 [ref. 33164], Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:8 [ref. 35132]). Current status: Valid as Samariscus macrognathus Fowler 1934. Samaridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines, Solomon Islands and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

macrolepis, Samaris Norman [J. R.] 1927:45, Pl. 6 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 29 (pt 1); ref. 3217] Gulf of Martaban, India. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1888.12.1.32. •Valid as Samaris macrolepis Norman 1927 -- (Sakamoto 1984:211 [ref. 5273], Quéro et al. 1989:108 [ref. 12826], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:xiv [ref. 21953], Hoshino & Amaoka 1998:401 [ref. 23636], Hensley 2001:3874 [ref. 26313], Amaoka et al. 2004:4 [ref. 28026], Hoese & Bray 2006:1839 [ref. 29000], Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:7 [ref. 35132]). Current status: Valid as Samaris macrolepis Norman 1927. Samaridae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Samaris Günther [A.] 1880:47, Pl. 21 (fig. D [not A]) [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Kai Islands, Challenger station 192, Indonesia, Banda Sea, depth 129 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1879.5.14.84. •Valid as Samariscus maculatus (Günther 1880) -- (Sakamoto 1984:211 [ref. 5273], Quéro et al. 1989:113 [ref. 12826], Hensley 1993:373 [ref. 22369], Amaoka et al. 1997:94 [ref. 22730], Hensley 2001:3876 [ref. 26313], Kawai et al. 2008:19 [ref. 29524], Voronina 2009:581 [ref. 33679], Kawai et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31689], Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:8 [ref. 35132]). Current status: Valid as Samariscus maculatus (Günther 1880). Samaridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Banda Sea (Indonesia) and Maldives. Habitat: marine.

multiradiatus, Samariscus Kawai [T.], Amaoka [K.] & Séret [B.] 2008:17, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Research v. 55; ref. 29524] Off New Caledonia, 22°51.30'S, 167°12.0'E, depth 405-430 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2006-1758. Paratypes: HUMZ 197930 (1); MNHN 1994-817 (1), 1994-826 (1), 2006-1759 (1), 2006-1760 (1). •Valid as Samariscus multiradiatus Kawai, Amaoka & Séret 2008 -- (Voronina 2009:579 [ref. 33679], Kawai et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31689], Diaz de Astraloa et al.2014:245 [ref. 33164]). Current status: Valid as Samariscus multiradiatus Kawai, Amaoka & Séret 2008. Samaridae. Distribution: New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

neocaledonia, Samariscus Kawai [T.], Amaoka [K.] & Séret [B.] 2011:64, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa No. 3135; ref. 31689] New Caledonia, 23°41.40'S, 168°00.42'E, depth 244-278 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2011-0231. Paratypes: HUMZ 212428 (1). •Valid as Samariscus neocaledonia Kawai, Amaoka & Séret 2011 -- (Diaz de Astaoloa et al. 2014:241 [ref. 33164], Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:8 [ref. 35132]). Current status: Valid as Samariscus neocaledonia Kawai, Amaoka & Séret 2011. Samaridae. Distribution: New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

nielseni, Samariscus Quéro [J.-C.], Hensley [D. A.] & Maugé [A. L.] 1989:108, Figs. 2-3 [Cybium v. 13 (no. 2); ref. 12826] Off Madagascar, 15°21'S, 46°12.5' [or 46°12']E, depth 150 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1984-0367. Type catalog: Desoutter et al. 2001:315 [ref. 25922], Fricke et al. 2018:371 [ref. 35805]. •Valid as Samariscus nielseni Quéro, Hensley & Maugé 1989 -- (Hensley 1993:372 [ref. 22369], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:xiv [ref. 21953], Amaoka et al. 1997:94 [ref. 22730], Hensley 2001:3876 [ref. 26313], Kawai et al. 2008:20 [ref. 29524], Voronina 2009:579 [ref. 33679], Kawai et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31689], Diaz de Astaoloa et al. 2014:245 [ref. 33164], Fricke et al. 2014:190 [ref. 33932], Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:8 [ref. 35132], Fricke et al. 2018:371 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Samariscus nielseni Quéro, Hensley & Maugé 1989. Samaridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa to Madagascar; Papua New Guinea to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

ornatus, Samaris von Bonde [C.] 1922:13, Pl. 6 [Report Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa Rep. 2 (art. 1); ref. 520] KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, Pickle station 192, depth 30 fathoms. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1922.3.27.8. •Synonym of Samaris cristatus Gray 1831 -- (Heemstra 1986:864 [ref. 5660], Hensley 2001:3870 [ref. 26313], Randall 2005:615 [ref. 28239], Mihara & Amaoka 2004:620 [ref. 28027]). Current status: Synonym of Samaris cristatus Gray 1831. Samaridae. Habitat: marine.

perexilis, Samaretta Voronina [E. P.] & Suzumoto [A. Y.] 2017:4, Fig. 2 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 57 (no. 1); ref. 35132] Tuamotu Archipelago Atoll, Mururoa, 21°51'S, 139°1'W, depth 512 meters. Holotype: BPBM 37153. Paratypes: ZMMU. •Valid as Samaretta perexilis Voronina & Suzumoto 2017. Current status: Valid as Samaretta perexilis Voronina & Suzumoto 2017. Samaridae. Distribution: Tuamotu Archipelago Atoll and Sala y Gomez Submarine Ridge. Habitat: marine.

spinea, Samaris Mihara [E.] & Amaoka [K.] 2004:624, Figs. 8-11 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 191; ref. 28027] Fairway Ridge, 20°227.35'S, 161°04.70''E, 75-74 meters, New Caledonia area. Holotype: MNHN 2000-0724. Paratypes: many at HUMZ and MNHN. •Valid as Samaris spinea Mihara & Amaoka 2004 -- (Amaoka et al. 2004:4 [ref. 28026], Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:7 [ref. 35132]). Current status: Valid as Samaris spinea Mihara & Amaoka 2004. Samaridae. Distribution: New Caledonia area and Chesterfield Islands. Habitat: marine.

stigmosa, Plagiopsetta Mihara [E.] & Amaoka [K.] 2004:613, Figs. 1-3 [Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie v. 191; ref. 28027] Off New Caledonia, 22°34.41'S, 159°17.39'E, depth 330 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2000-0693. Paratypes: HUMZ 172349-52 (4), 172353 (1), 175485 (5); MNHN 2000-694-700 (7), 2000-0701-0702 (2), 2000-0703 (1), 2000-0704 (1), 2000-5482-5491 (10) 2000-5492 (1). •Valid as Plagiopsetta stigmosa Mihara & Amaoka 2004 -- (Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:6 [ref. 35132], Fricke et al. 2018:[2] [ref. 36268]). Current status: Valid as Plagiopsetta stigmosa Mihara & Amaoka 2004. Samaridae. Distribution: New Caledonia area: Nova Bank, Chesterfield Plateau, Capel Bank and Argo Bank. Habitat: marine.

sunieri, Samariscus Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1929:141 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 5; ref. 16063] Nikolas Bay, Bali, Indonesia, depth 108-162 meters; north of Bali, depth 234-252 meters. Syntypes: (14) BMNH 1933.2.18.17 [ex ZMA] (1), ZMA 109317 (9). •Valid as Samariscus sunieri Weber & de Beaufort 1929 -- (Sakamoto 1984:211 [ref. 5273], Quéro et al. 1989:112 [ref. 12826], Hensley 1993:372 [ref. 22369], Amaoka et al. 1997:94 [ref. 22730], Hensley 2001:3876 [ref. 26313], Hoese & Bray 2006:1840 [ref. 29000], Kawai et al. 2008:19 [ref. 29524], Voronina 2009:579 [ref. 33679], Kawai et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31689], Diaz de Astaoloa et al. 2014:245 [ref. 33164], Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:8 [ref. 35132]). Current status: Valid as Samariscus sunieri Weber & de Beaufort 1929. Samaridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Bali, Fiji and Great Barrier Reef. Habitat: marine.

triocellatus, Samariscus Woods [L. P.] in Gosline & Brock 1960:151, 323 [Handbook of Hawaiian fishes; ref. 28182] Coral head in eastern end of lagoon, Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands, western Pacific, depth 20-25 feet. Holotype: USNM 141767. Paratypes: USNM 141768 (3), 164421 (1), 167246 (1). Appeared first in Gosline & Brock 1960 on Wood's manuscript. Also appeared as Woods in Schultz et al. 1966, p. 66, Fig. 149 [ref. 5366]. It is possible that the short description on p. 151 was not composed by Woods, but we feel authorship should be Woods as consistently seen; it appears that Gosline and Brock saw a manuscript that appeared later in the citation given by them p. 323. Types are taken from the 1966 publication. •Valid as Samariscus triocellatus Woods 1960 [usually dated to 1966] -- (Sakamoto 1984:212 [ref. 5273], Heemstra 1986:865 [ref. 5660], Quéro et al. 1989:112 [ref. 12826], Randall et al. 1990:450 [ref. 15987], Hensley 1993:372 [ref. 22369], Amaoka et al. 1997:94 [ref. 22730], Randall et al. 1997:450 [ref. 25919], Anderson et al. 1998:29 [ref. 23611], Myers 1999:279 [ref. 23965], Randall 1999:29 [ref. 25829], Amaoka in Randall & Lim 2000:645 [ref. 25122], Randall & Earle 2000:21 [ref. 25806], Hensley 2001:3877 [ref. 26313], Hutchins 2001:46 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:63 [ref. 26830], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:215 [ref. 27510], Senou et al. 2004:2 [ref. 27541], Randall et al. 2004:31 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3331 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:616 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:521 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Bray 2006:1840 [ref. 29000] dated 1966, Randall 2007:465 [ref. 30952], Kawai et al. 2008:20 [ref. 29524] dated 1966, Voronina 2009:579 [ref. 33679], Kawai et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31689] dated 1966, Allen & Erdmann 2012:1049 [ref. 31980], Diaz de Astaoloa et al. 2014:245 [ref. 33164], Fricke et al. 2014:190 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988] dated 1966, Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:8 [ref. 35132], Fricke et al. 2018:372 [ref. 35805], Pinault et al. 2019:387 [ref. 36447]). Current status: Valid as Samariscus triocellatus Woods 1960. Samaridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East and South Africa, Madagascar and Réunion (Mascarenes) east to Hawaiian Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia, and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

xenicus, Samariscus Ochiai [A.] & Amaoka [K.] 1962:86, Fig. 2 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 13) v. 5 (no. 50); ref. 6357] Urado, Kochi City, Japan. Holotype: FAKU 28969. Paratypes: FAKU 11784 (1), 28845-57 (23), 33148-162 (15). •Valid as Samariscus xenicus Ochiai & Amaoka 1962 -- (Sakamoto 1984:211 [ref. 5273], Sakamoto in Masuda et al. 1984:354 [ref. 6441], Quéro et al. 1989:113 [ref. 12826], Hensley 1993:373 [ref. 22369], Shimizu & Hatooka 1997:6 [ref. 24377], Amaoka et al. 1997:94 [ref. 22730], Nakabo 2000:1382 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2001:336 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:1382 [ref. 26193], Kawai et al. 2008:19 [ref. 29524], Voronina 2009:581 [ref. 33679], Kawai et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31689], Diaz de Astaoloa et al. 2014:241 [ref. 33164], Voronina & Suzumoto 2017:8 [ref. 35132]). Current status: Valid as Samariscus xenicus Ochiai & Amaoka 1962. Samaridae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.