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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Halichoeres: [ 211 ] records


adustus, Pseudojulis Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:66 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Socorro Island, Revillagigedo Islands, off western Mexico. Syntypes: (3) USNM 44275 (2). •Valid as Pseudojulis adustus Gilbert 1890 -- (Bussing 1987:97 [ref. 21800]). •Valid as Iridio adustus (Gilbert 1890) -- (Kuiter 2010:211, 221 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres adustus (Gilbert 1890) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:198 [ref. 22193], Gomon in Fischer et al. 1995:1208 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:198 [ref. 24545], Parenti & Randall 2000:19 [ref. 24943], Nelson et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27807], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:448 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:610 [ref. 34923], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres adustus (Gilbert 1890). Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

aestuaricola, Halichoeres Bussing [W. A.] 1972:4, Fig. 1 [Brenesia No. 1; ref. 20800] Mouth of Río Dagua at Buenaventura, Colombia. Holotype: FMNH 56466 [ex CM 5280a]. Paratypes: CAS 79640 [ex IU 13428a] (1), FMNH 56467 [CM 5280b] (1). Replacement name for Iridio bimaculata Wilson 1916:68 [ref. 12398], secondarily preoccupied by Halichoeres bimaculatus Rüppell 1835 when both are in Halichoeres. Kuiter 2010:219 [ref. 35285] treats this as an unwarranted replacement. •Valid as Halichoeres aestuaricola Bussing 1972 -- (Bussing 1987:95 [ref. 21800], Allen & Robertson 1994:198 [ref. 22193], Gomon in Fischer et al. 1995:1209 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:198 [ref. 24545], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:398 [ref. 24550], Parenti & Randall 2000:19 [ref. 24943], Thomson et al. 2000:178 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32708], Angulo et al. 2013:1006 [ref. 33194]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres aestuaricola Bussing 1972. Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

alternans, Platyglossus Cartier [O.] 1874:104 [Verhandlungen der Physikalisch-medizinischen Gesellschaft zu Würzburg, N. S. v. 5; ref. 17974] Cebu and Panglao, Philippines. Syntypes: (2) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Halichoeres scapularis (Bennett 1832) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres scapularis (Bennett 1832). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

amabilis, Platyglossus De Vis [C. W.] 1885:885 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 4); ref. 1091] Murray Island, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.88. •Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943], Allen et al. 2006:1393 [ref. 29095]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

amboinensis, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1856:55 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 1; ref. 311] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype: BMNH 1864.5.15.46. •Synonym of Halichoeres solorensis (Bleeker 1853) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres solorensis (Bleeker 1853). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

annularis, Julis Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:482 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 2201. Paralectotypes: RMNH 24048 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:76 [ref. 19171]. Lectotype selected by Bauchot 1963:76 [ref. 19171]. •Valid as Platyglossus annularis (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Kuiter 2010:270 [ref. 35285]). •Synonym of Halichoeres marginatus Rüppell 1835 -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943], Parenti & Randall 2018:23 [ref. 35964]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres marginatus Rüppell 1835. Labridae. Habitat: marine.

annulatus, Halichoeres Fowler [H. W.] 1904:535, Pl. 20 (upper fig.) [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Second series. v. 12 (pt 4); ref. 1367] Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: ANSP 27713. Paratypes: ANSP 27714 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:116 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Halichoeres miniatus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres miniatus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

arangoi, Choerojulis Poey [F.] 1876:151 [109], Pl. 7 [4] (fig. 1) [Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, Madrid v. 5 (for 5 Apr. 1876); ref. 3510] Havana, Cuba. No types known. On p. 109 of separate. •Synonym of Halichoeres bivittatus (Bloch 1791) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres bivittatus (Bloch 1791). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

argus, Julis Bennett [E. T.] 1828:577, Pl. 13 (fig. 7) [Zoological Journal, London v. 3 (no. 12, art. 65); ref. 16784] Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1855.12.26.588 [ex Zool. Soc.]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Halichoeres by Labrus argus Bloch & Schneider 1801. •Synonym of Halichoeres argus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:19 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres argus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

argus, Labrus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:263 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Australia [as New Holland]. •Valid as Hemiulis argus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kuiter 2010:260 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres argus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:208 [ref. 6441], Allen 1997:190 [ref. 23977], Parenti & Randall 2000:19 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:628 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:995 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:112 [ref. 25868], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277], Nakabo 2002:995 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830] dated 1791, Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:148 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:22 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:124 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:410 [ref. 28239], Barber & Bellwood 2005:249 [ref. 35318], Allen et al. 2006:1390 [ref. 29095], Satapoomin 2009:221 [ref. 30463], Motomura et al. 2010:165 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:667 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:130 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:228 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:525 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres argus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Myanmar and eastern Andaman Sea east to Fiji, north to Taiwan, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

auritus, Julis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:486 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Uléa, Caroline Islands, western Pacific, ca. 7°22'N, 143°54'E. No types preserved. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:73 [ref. 19171]. Based on a drawing by Mertens (Franz Karl Mertens, 1764-1831, German botanist). •Synonym of Halichoeres trimaculatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1834) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:25 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres trimaculatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1834). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

baccatus, Labrus Marion de Procé [P.-M.] 1822:132 [Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris [Sér. 3] [v. 9] (for 1822); ref. 17601] Manila Bay, Philippines. No types known. •Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

bathyphilus, Iridio Beebe [W.] & Tee-Van [J.] 1932:117 [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 13 (no. 5); ref. 9330] One mile south of Nonsuch Island, Bermuda, depth 510 feet. Holotype: USNM 170910 [ex NYZS 9050]. Paratypes: USNM 170911 [ex NYZS 25045] (3). Type catalog: Mead 1958:133 [ref. 20648]. •Valid as Iridio bathyphilus Beebe & Tee-Van 1932 -- (Kuiter 2010:216 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres bathyphilus (Beebe & Tee-Van 1932) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:203 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:155 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:347 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:408 [ref. 24474], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:292 [ref. 25013], Parenti & Randall 2000:19 [ref. 24943], Westneat 2003:1721 [ref. 27105], Nelson et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:513 [ref. 28815], Weaver & Rocha 2007:803 [ref. 29437], Lobel et al. 2009:171 [ref. 30071], Luiz et al. 2009:37 [ref. 30311], Rocha et al. 2010:28 [ref. 30767], Page et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32708], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725], Robertson et al. 2020:157 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres bathyphilus (Beebe & Tee-Van 1932). Labridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic [not Brazil]. Habitat: marine.

bicolor, Labrus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:267 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] No locality. No types known. •Valid as Hemiulis bicolor (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kuiter 2010:264 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres bicolor (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:19 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:628 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:112 [ref. 25868], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Satapoomin 2009:222 [ref. 30463], Allen & Erdmann 2012:668 [ref. 31980], Yoshida et al. 2013:175 [ref. 34464], Satapoomin in Kimura et al. 2015:74 [ref. 34319], Victor 2016:17 [ref. 34530], Satapoomin in Kimura et al. 2018:231 [ref. 36460], Psomadakis et al. 2020:525 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres bicolor (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Christmas Island east to Indonesia, north to northern Vietnam. Habitat: marine.

bifasciatus, Platyglossus Steindachner [F.] 1866:477, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 16; ref. 5030] Hong Kong, China. Holotype (unique): NMW 28058. •Synonym of Halichoeres bicolor (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:19 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres bicolor (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

bilineatus, Platyglossus Károli [J.] 1882:174 [Természetrajzi Füzetek, Budapest v. 5 (no. 2) (for 1881); ref. 14295] Not available; apparently a mistake for Platyglossus bifasciatus Steindachner 1866; Károli 1882:174 [ref. 14295] credited authorship to Steindachner and did not indicate it was a new species as with other new taxa in the same work. •Probable In the synonymy of Halichoeres bicolor (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:19 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres bicolor (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae.

bimaculata, Iridio Wilson [C.] 1916:68 [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 10 (nos 1/2); ref. 12398] Mouth of Río Dagua at Buenaventura, Department of Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Holotype: FMNH 56466 [ex CM 5280a]. Paratypes: CAS 79640 [ex IU 13428a] (1), FMNH 56467 [CM 5280b] (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:96 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:49 [ref. 12367]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Halichoeres bimaculatus Rüppell 1835 when both are in Halichoeres, replaced by Halichoeres aestuaricola Bussing 1972. •Valid as Iridio bimaculatus Wilson 1916 -- (Kuiter 2010:219 [ref. 35285]). •Synonym of Halichoeres aestuaricola Bussing 1972 -- (Bussing 1987:95 [ref. 21800], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:398 [ref. 24550], Parenti & Randall 2000:19 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres aestuaricola Bussing 1972. Labridae. Distribution: Gulf of California to Colombia [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

bimaculatus, Halichoeres Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:17, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): SMF 1164. •Valid as Halichoeres bimaculatus Rüppell 1835 -- (Dor 1984:202 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:54 [ref. 25356]). •Probably a synonym of Halichoeres zeylonicus (Bennett 1833) -- (Randall et al. 1990:322 [ref. 15987]). •Synonym of Halichoeres zeylonicus (Bennett 1833) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:25 [ref. 24943], Randall & Lobel 2003:124 [ref. 26689], Golani & Fricke 2018:125 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres zeylonicus (Bennett 1833). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

bimaculatus, Leptojulis Kner [R.] & Steindachner [F.] 1867:378 [23] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 54 (pt 3); ref. 2640] Chile. Holotype (unique) (?): MGH 2240. On p. 23 of separate. Questionably described as new. •Possibly a synonym of Halichoeres dispilus (Günther 1864) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:63 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Uncertain as Halichoeres dispilus (Günther 1864). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

binotopsis, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1849:7 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [7]; ref. 321] Boleling, northern Bali, Indonesia. Possible types and/or Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1862.2.28.129 (1), NMV 46181-83 (3). •Valid as Hemiulis binotopsis (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kuiter 2010:262 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres binotopsis (Bleeker 1849) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:19 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:628 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:112 [ref. 25868], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Barber & Bellwood 2005:249 [ref. 35318], Randall & Allen 2010:286 [ref. 30980], Allen & Erdmann 2012:668 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:130 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres binotopsis (Bleeker 1849). Labridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Philippines and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

biocellatus, Halichoeres Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz, Chapman, Lachner & Woods 1960:233, Fig. 104 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 2; ref. 3972] Lagoon at Arji Island, Bikini Atoll, western Pacific, depth 20-40 feet. Holotype: USNM 112940. Paratypes: USNM 112941-42 (1, 1); UW (1). •Valid as Biochoeres biocellatus (Schultz 1960) -- (Kuiter 2010:285 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres biocellatus Schultz 1960 -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:209 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:116 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:316 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:280 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:188 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:316 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:197 [ref. 23965], Parenti & Randall 2000:19 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:628 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:996 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:358 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:112 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:268 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:39 [ref. 25847], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277], Nakabo 2002:996 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:635 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:74 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:22 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:124 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:411 [ref. 28239], Barber & Bellwood 2005:249 [ref. 35318], Allen et al. 2006:1390 [ref. 29095], Motomura et al. 2010:165 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:669 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:131 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:228 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres biocellatus Schultz 1960. Labridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia east to Micronesia and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

bivittatus, Labrus Bloch [M. E.] 1791:133, Pl. 284 (fig. 1) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 5; ref. 4867] Indian Ocean [actual is West Atlantic]. Syntypes: ZMB 2564 (2). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:88 [ref. 24282]. On p. 107 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 8 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Iridio bivittatus (Bloch 1791) -- (Kuiter 2010:215 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres bivittatus (Bloch 1791) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:203 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:155 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:347 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:409 [ref. 24474], Aguilera 1998:52 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:292 [ref. 25013], Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:164 [ref. 27754], Rocha & Rosa 2001:991 [ref. 25909], Collette et al. 2003:116 [ref. 26784], Westneat 2003:1710 [ref. 27105], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:92 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:43 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:514 [ref. 28815], Barber & Bellwood 2005:249 [ref. 35318], Luiz et al. 2009:37 [ref. 30311], García-Hernández et al. 2009:93 [ref. 37265], Rocha et al. 2010:26 [ref. 30767], Page et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:63 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:147 [ref. 34961], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725], Robertson et al. 2020:157 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres bivittatus (Bloch 1791). Labridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

bleekeri, Halichoeres Günther [A.] 1861:386 [5] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 8 (no. 47); ref. 1967] On p. 5 of separate. Based on Julis cuvieri of Bleeker 1849:24, not of Bennett. •Synonym of Halichoeres chloropterus (Bloch 1791) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres chloropterus (Bloch 1791). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

bleekeri, Platyglossus Steindachner [F.] & Döderlein [L.] 1887:275 [19] [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 53 (1. abth.); ref. 4249] Tokyo, Japan. Syntypes: (several) MZS 479 (1); NMW 28072-73 (1, 1), 28075-77 (1, 1, 1), 76424 (1); ?ZMB 12245 (1). Perhaps should not be used; subjectively invalid, secondarily preoccupied by Halichoeres bleekeri Günther 1861. Type information (MZS, ZMB) from Amaoka & Fujii 1999:149 [ref. 26515]. •Synonym of Julichoeres tenuispinis (Günther 1862) -- (Kuiter 2010:296 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres bleekeri (Steindachner & Döderlein 1887) -- (Randall 1999:228 [ref. 24046], Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943], Shinohara et al. 2000:180 [ref. 25987]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres bleekeri (Steindachner & Döderlein 1887). Labridae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

brasiliensis, Labrus Bloch [M. E.] 1791:125, Pl. 280 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 5; ref. 4867] Brazil. Holotype (unique): ZMB 33028 (stuffed). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:88-89 [ref. 24282]. On p. 100 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 8 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Halichoeres radiatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943]). •Valid as Iridio brasiliensis (Bloch 1791) -- (Kuiter 2010:215 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres brasiliensis (Bloch 1791) -- (Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1645 [ref. 25634], Rocha & Rosa 2001:161 [ref. 25881], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:92 [ref. 27192], Luiz et al. 2009:37 [ref. 30311], Rocha et al. 2010:28 [ref. 30767], Parenti & Randall 2011:34 [ref. 31299], Pinheiro et al. 2015:24 [ref. 34324], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725], Spier et al. 2018:17 [ref. 36103]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres brasiliensis (Bloch 1791). Labridae. Distribution: Brazil. Habitat: marine.

brownfieldi, Choerojulis Whitley [G. P.] 1945:28, Fig. 13 [Australian Zoologist v. 11 (pt 1); ref. 4707] Garden Island, off Fremantle, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): WAM P.110-001. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:33 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:35 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Whitleychoeres brownfieldi (Whitley 1945) -- (Kuiter 2010:292 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres brownfieldi (Whitley 1945) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:688 [ref. 22532], Kuiter 1997:290 [ref. 25488], Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943], Hutchins 2001:268 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:39 [ref. 25847], Barber & Bellwood 2005:249 [ref. 35318], Allen et al. 2006:1390 [ref. 29095], Russell & Gomon 2008:649 [ref. 30655], Hoschke et al. 2019:158 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres brownfieldi (Whitley 1945). Labridae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

burekae, Halichoeres Weaver [D. C.] & Rocha [L. A.] 2007:800, Figs. 1-2, 4A [Copeia 2007 (no. 4); ref. 29437] Stetson Bank, Gulf of Mexico, 28°10'N, 94°17.5'W, depth 24 meters. Holotype: UF 121176. Paratypes: UF 121257 (1), 165651 (2); USNM 388617 (4). •Valid as Iridio burekae (Weaver & Rocha 2007) -- (Kuiter 2010:217 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres burekae Weaver & Rocha 2007 -- (Lobel et al. 2009:171 [ref. 30071], Aguilar-Perera & Tuz-Sulub 2009:64 [ref. 31680], Rocha et al. 2010:28 [ref. 30767], Parenti & Randall 2011:34 [ref. 31299], Page et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32708], Robertson et al. 2016:147, 150 [ref. 34961], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres burekae Weaver & Rocha 2007. Labridae. Distribution: Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: marine.

californicus, Halichoeres Günther [A.] 1861:386 [5] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 3) v. 8 (no. 47); ref. 1967] Monterey, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 706-707 (2, 1). On p. 5 of separate. Replacement name for Julis modestus Girard 1854. •Valid as Oxyjulis californica (Günther 1861) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:236 [ref. 9277], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:201 [ref. 24545], De la Cruz-Agüero & Cota-Gómez 1998:357 [ref. 23520], Parenti & Randall 2000:33 [ref. 24943], Lea & Rosenblatt 2000:125 [ref. 25206], Allen & Groce 2001:131 [ref. 25750], Nelson et al. 2004:156 [ref. 27807], Kuiter 2010:225 [ref. 35285], Page et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:266 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:81 [ref. 37205]). •Valid as Halichoeres californica (Günther 1861) -- (Wainwright et al. 2017:40 [ref. 35725]). •Valid as Halichoeres californicus (Günther 1861). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres californicus (Günther 1861). Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

cantori, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1861:70 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeling Natuurkunde. v. 12; ref. 12601] Penang, Malaysia. Syntypes (and/or Cantor specimens): BMNH 2004.3.19.383 (right half skin), 2004.11.5.8 (1). Based on Julis mola of Cantor, not Cuvier; no description. •Synonym of Halichoeres bicolor (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:19 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres bicolor (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

caudalis, Julis Poey [F.] 1860:213 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Havana, Cuba. No types known. •Valid as Iridio caudalis (Poey 1860) -- (Kuiter 2010:216 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres caudalis (Poey 1860) -- (Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:399 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:203 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:155 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:347 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:411 [ref. 24474], Aguilera 1998:51 [ref. 24221], Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943], Westneat 2003:1721 [ref. 27105], Nelson et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:515 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres caudalis (Poey 1860). Labridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

centiquadrus, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:437, 493, 499 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Madagascar; Mauritius; Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: (dry) MNHN B-2138 to B-2143 (2, 2, 2, 1, 2, 3). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:80-81 [ref. 19171]. Misspelled centriquadrus in literature. •Valid as Halichoeres centiquadrus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Dor 1984:202 [ref. 29757], Chen et al. 1997:135 [ref. 26476] dated 1802) . •Synonym of Hemitautoga hortulana (Lacepède 1801) -- (Kuiter 2010:302 [ref. 35285]). •Synonym of Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Randall 1986:695 [ref. 5706], Randall et al. 1990:317 [ref. 15987], Fricke 1999:413 [ref. 24106] as hortulans, Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943], Westneat 2001:3434 [ref. 26277], Randall 2005:412 [ref. 28239], Golani & Fricke 2018:125 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacepède 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

chierchiae, Halichoeres Di Caporiacco [L.] 1948:205, Fig. 3 [Bollettino di Pesca, Piscicoltura e Idrobiologia Yr. 23 [v. 2, N.S.]; ref. 721] Gulf of Panama, (Pacific) Panama. No types known. Type catalog: Vanni 1991:226 [ref. 20099]. •Valid as Iridio chierchiae (Di Caporiacco 1948) -- (Kuiter 2010:220 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres chierchiae Di Caporiacco 1948 -- (Bussing 1987:95 [ref. 21800], Allen & Robertson 1994:199 [ref. 22193], Gomon in Fischer et al. 1995:1210 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:198 [ref. 24545], Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943], Thomson et al. 2000:178 [ref. 25640], Victor et al. 2001:282 [ref. 25613], Baldwin & McCosker 2001:93 [ref. 25779], Béarez et al. 2004:132 [ref. 27826], Nelson et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27807] dating to 1947, Rocha et al. 2010:26 [ref. 30767], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:148 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:448 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:610 [ref. 34923], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres chierchiae Di Caporiacco 1948. Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

chlorocephalus, Halichoeres Kuiter [R. H.] & Randall [J. E.] 1995:110, Figs. 5-8 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 21 (no. 3/4) [for 1994]; ref. 21618] Lagoon off Nagada Harbor, coral patch next to wreck of "Coral Queen", Madang Province, Papua New Guinea, depth 28 meters. Holotype: BPBM 35401. Paratypes: AMS I.34555-001 (1); BPBM 32573-74 (1, 1); USNM 328142 (1). •Valid as Hemiulis chlorocephala (Kuiter & Randall 1995) -- (Kuiter 2010:267 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres chlorocephalus Kuiter & Randall 1995 -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943], Allen 2000:112 [ref. 25868], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:669 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:131 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres chlorocephalus Kuiter & Randall 1995. Labridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea and New Britain. Habitat: marine.

chloropterus, Labrus Bloch [M. E.] 1791:151, Pl. 288 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 5; ref. 4867] Japan [actual probably Indian Ocean]. Syntypes: ZMB 2620 (1) Indian Ocean, 8585 (1, dry, missing). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:89 [ref. 24282]. On p. 121 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 8 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Hemicoris chloropterus (Bloch 1791) -- (Kuiter 2010:306 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres chloropterus (Bloch 1791) -- (Randall et al. 1990:317 [ref. 15987], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:482 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:190 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:317 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:197 [ref. 23965], Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:628 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:358 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:113 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:103 [ref. 26368], Westneat 2001:3433 [ref. 26277], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:149 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:124 [ref. 27715], Barber & Bellwood 2005:249 [ref. 35318], Allen et al. 2006:1390 [ref. 29095], Satapoomin 2009:222 [ref. 30463], Allen & Erdmann 2012:670 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:131 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:228 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres chloropterus (Bloch 1791). Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Sea east to Philippines, New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Solomon Islands, south to Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

chrysotaenia, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1853:488 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 336] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1862.2.28.122. •Synonym of Halichoeres melanurus (Bleeker 1851) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943], Parenti & Randall 2011:34 [ref. 31299], Parenti & Randall 2018:23 [ref. 35964]). •Valid as Platyglossus chrysotaenia (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kuiter 2010:272 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres chrysotaenia (Bleeker 1853) -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Kuiter 2010:254 [ref. 35285], Allen & Erdmann 2012:670 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres chrysotaenia (Bleeker 1853). Labridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Maldives and Sri Lanka to Myanmar, Thailand, Sumatra and Java. Habitat: marine.

chrysus, Halichoeres Randall [J. E.] 1981:416, Figs. 1-2 [Pacific Science v. 34 (no. 4) (for 1980); ref. 5542] Sandfly Passage, Florida Island, Solomon Islands, depth 7 meters. Holotype: BPBM 16151. Paratypes: AMS I.15682-028 (1); ANSP 144094 (2); BPBM 8671 (1), 9358 (1), 15591 (3), 15867 (1), 16088 (1), 17707 (1), 19121 (1), 19267 (2), 19617 (2), 22182 (1), 22224 (4), 22455 (3), 22959 (1); CAS 39124 (1); MNHN 1980-1309 [ex BPBM 9816] (1); SMBL-F 73386 (1); USNM 221623 (2); WAM P.26082-004 (3), P.26087-009 (4), P.26099-019 (1), P.2615-007 (1), P.26850 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:117 [ref. 13621], Hutchins & Smith 1991:33 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:36 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Biochoeres chrysus (Randall 1981) -- (Kuiter 2010:287 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres chrysus Randall 1981 -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:209 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:317 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:280 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:190 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:290 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:317 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:197 [ref. 23965], Allen 2000:91 [ref. 37268], Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:628 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:994 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:113 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:268 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:39 [ref. 25847], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277], Nakabo 2002:994 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:635 [ref. 27495] dated 1980, Randall et al. 2004:22 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:411 [ref. 28239], Barber & Bellwood 2005:249 [ref. 35318], Allen et al. 2006:1390 [ref. 29095], Motomura et al. 2010:165 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:671 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:131 [ref. 33932], Fowler et al. 2017:[4] 2252 [ref. 36358], Fricke et al. 2019:228 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres chrysus Randall 1981. Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Christmas Island (Indian Ocean) and Indonesia east to Marshall and Phoenix islands, north to southern Japan, south to southern New South Wales (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

cinctus, Julis Poey [F.] 1860:211, Pl. 13 (fig. 19) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Havana, Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 14255 (1), 14265 (2); ?USNM 164944 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:210 [ref. 22926] with MCZ 14265 as holotype. •Synonym of Halichoeres garnoti (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres garnoti (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

claudia, Halichoeres Randall [J. E.] & Rocha [L. A.] 2009:713, Figs. 8-13 [Zoological Studies v. 48 (no. 5); ref. 30520] Outside barrier reef 200 meters west of Tareu Pass, Moorea, Society Islands, depth 21 meters. Holotype: BPBM 9090. Paratypes: many at AMS, ANSP, BPBM, CAS, NSMT-P, USNM. Name treated as a noun in apposition. •Valid as Biochoeres claudia (Randall & Rocha 2009) -- (Kuiter 2010:289 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres claudia Randall & Rocha 2009 -- (Parenti & Randall 2011:34 [ref. 31299], Allen & Erdmann 2012:671 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:131 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres claudia Randall & Rocha 2009. Labridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Cocos-Keeling and Christmas islands, Indonesia east to Line and Tuamotu islands, north to Philippines, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

coeruleovittatus, Halichoeres Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:14, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 1166. Paralectotypes: SMF 2719 (1, dry), 5033 (1). Lectotype established by Dor 1984:203 [ref. 29757] if not designated earlier. •Synonym of Halichoeres scapularis (Bennett 1832) -- (Dor 1984:203 [ref. 29757] as caeruleovittatus, Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943] as caeruleovittatus, Golani & Fricke 2018:125 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres scapularis (Bennett 1832). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

corbis, Julis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:435 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] No locality. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:73 [ref. 19171]. Based on Renard figures. •Synonym of Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacepède 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

cosmetus, Halichoeres Randall [J. E.] & Smith [M. M.] 1982:(3) 15, Pls. 6 (fig. C), 7 (figs. A-B) [Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology No. 45; ref. 9112] Reef front, northeastern side of Villingili Island, north Male Atoll, Maldives [Indian Ocean], depth 2-20 meters. Holotype: BPBM 18925. Paratypes: ANSP (6 lots, 14); BMNH 1980.5.20.1-2 (2); BPBM 16325 (1), 16398 (1), 17621 (1), 21625 (2), 22910-12 (1, 2, 1), 22947 (3); CAS 33414 (2), 39128 (2); MNHN 1980-1304 (3); ROM (4 lots, 6); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 973 (1); USNM 221540 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:117 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Biochoeres cosmetus (Randall & Smith 1982) -- (Kuiter 2010:289 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres cosmetus Randall & Smith 1982 -- (Randall 1986:694 [ref. 5706], Winterbottom et al. 1989:53 [ref. 13251], Randall 1999:299 [ref. 24158], Fricke 1999:412 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S114 [ref. 27377], Heemstra et al. 2004:3325 [ref. 27945], Randall & Rocha 2009:717 [ref. 30520], Fricke et al. 2009:85 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:672 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:266 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2018:283 [ref. 35805], Zajonz et al. 2019:89 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres cosmetus Randall & Smith 1982. Labridae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Thailand and western Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

crotaphus, Julis Cuvier [G.] (ex Parra) 1829:258 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] No locality [Havana Cuba]. Cuvier specimens: MNHN A-8307 (1, dry), A-8308 (1, dry), A-9129 (2), A-9130 (2), A-9131 (2), A-9132 (1), A-9171 (1) Bahia, 3073 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:51 [ref. 19171] which wrongly assumes 1839 as original and MNHN specimens as types. Available from footnote as, "Julis crotaphus, N., Parra, xxxvii, i." [Parra 1787:95, Pl. 37 (fig. 1) [ref. 6840] 'Doncella']. See also Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:395 [ref. 1007]. •Synonym of Halichoeres radiatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943], Rocha & Rosa 2001:164 [ref. 25881]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres radiatus (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

cuvieri, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1847:160 [Natuur-en Geneeskundig Archief voor Neȇrlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 314] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Also in Bleeker 1847:24 [ref. 317]. •Synonym of Halichoeres chloropterus (Bloch 1791) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres chloropterus (Bloch 1791). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

cyanocephalus, Labrus Bloch [M. E.] 1791:139, Pl. 286 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 5; ref. 4867] Haulover Cut, North Miami Beach, Florida, U.S.A., depth 18-17 meters. Neotype: UF 224284. On p. 113 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 8 [ref. 21381]. Neotype designated by Rocha 2004:777 [ref. 27980]. •Valid as Iridio cyanocephalus (Bloch 1791) -- (Kuiter 2010:213 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres cyanocephalus (Bloch 1791) -- (Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:398 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:203 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1992:347 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:412 [ref. 24474], Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:164 [ref. 27754], Rocha & Rosa 2001:991 [ref. 25909], Westneat 2003:1722 [ref. 27105], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:92 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:43 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27807], Rocha 2004:772 [ref. 27980], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:516 [ref. 28815], Luiz et al. 2009:37 [ref. 30311], Rocha et al. 2010:28 [ref. 30767], Page et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32708], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725], Robertson et al. 2020:157 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres cyanocephalus (Bloch 1791). Labridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

cyanostigma, Julis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:391 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Martinique Island, West Indies. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-7407 (poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:53 [ref. 19171]. •Synonym of Halichoeres radiatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943], Rocha & Rosa 2001:164 [ref. 25881]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres radiatus (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

cymatogrammus, Halichoeres Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1905:786, Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 28 (no. 1407); ref. 2495] Southern Negros, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 51947. •Synonym of Halichoeres scapularis (Bennett 1832) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres scapularis (Bennett 1832). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

daedalma, Halichoeres Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:301, Pl. 47 (fig. 2) [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Apia, Upolu Island, Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51845. Paratypes: AMS I.8005-09 (5); MCZ 35981 (1); CAS-SU 8732-33 (23, 1), USNM 126607 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:85 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Halichoeres margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

dayi, Platyglossus Steindachner [F.] 1870:567 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 60 (1. Abth.) (no. 3); ref. 18770] Singapore. Holotype (unique): not yet found at NMW. •Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

decoratus, Iridio Bean [T. H.] 1906:29 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 19; ref. 15640] Nonsuch Island, Bermuda. Lectotype: FMNH 5128. Paralectotypes: FMNH 59539 (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:49 [ref. 12367]. Lectotype selected by Grey 1947:160 [ref. 12302]. •Synonym of Halichoeres garnoti (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:293 [ref. 25013], Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres garnoti (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

decussatus, Sparus Bennett [J. W.] 1829:unnum. p., Pl. 14 [A selection from the most remarkable and interesting fishes found on the coast of Ceylon First Edition; ref. 16785] Southern coast of Sri Lanka. No types known. •Synonym of Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Pethiyagoda et al. 1994:43 [ref. 21456], Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacepède 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

desmogenys, Halichoeres Fowler [H. W.] & Bean [B. A.] 1928:276, Pls. 28-29 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 7; ref. 1475] Dupon Port, Leyte Island, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 89973. Paratypes: USNM 93522 (1). •Synonym of Halichoeres vrolikii (Bleeker 1855) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:25 [ref. 24943], Kottelat 2013:379 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres vrolikii (Bleeker 1855). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

dianthus, Halichoeres Smith [J. L. B.] 1947:802 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 13 (no. 108) (art. 77); ref. 4073] Inhaca Island, Delagoa Bay, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 288. •Synonym of Halichoeres dussumieri (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Randall 1986:694 [ref. 5706]). •Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

dieschismenacanthoides, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1853:121 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 16900] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ?RMNH 24084. Original as dieschismenacanthoïdes. •Synonym of Halichoeres papilionaceus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres papilionaceus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

dieschismenacanthus, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1852:645 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 16830] Banda Neira, Banda Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ?RMNH 6587. •Synonym of Halichoeres papilionaceus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres papilionaceus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

dimidiatus, Julis Agassiz [L.] in Spix & Agassiz 1831:96, Pl. 53 [Selecta genera et species piscium quos in itinere per Brasiliam; ref. 13] Atlantic off Brazil. Syntypes: MHNN 563 (1). Type catalog: Kottelat 1984:150 [ref. 21784]. •Synonym of Halichoeres cyanocephalus (Bloch 1791) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943]). •Valid as Iridio dimidiatus (Agassiz 1831) -- (Kuiter 2010:213 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres dimidiatus (Agassiz 1831) -- (Rocha 2004:777 [ref. 27980], Luiz et al. 2009:37 [ref. 30311], Rocha et al. 2010:28 [ref. 30767], Parenti & Randall 2011:34 [ref. 31299], Pinheiro et al. 2015:25 [ref. 34324], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres dimidiatus (Agassiz 1831). Labridae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: French Guiana to Brazil. Habitat: marine.

discolor, Halichoeres Bussing [W. A.] 1983:19, Fig. 1 [Revista de Biología Tropical v. 31 (no. 1); ref. 8363] Bahía Weston, Isla del Coco, Costa Rica, 5°33'21"N, 87°03'15"W, depth 12 meters. Holotype: LACM 32260-23. Paratypes: LACM 32254-31 (47), 32256-25 (10), 32260-24 (9); UCR 709-17 (1), 729-3 (2), 733-1 (2), 741-17 (3), 857-14 (3), 863-7 (9), 867-5 (3), 1154-3 (7), 1155-22 (12), 1156-12 (12); USNM 236417 (15). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:376 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Iridio discolor (Bussing 1983) -- (Kuiter 2010:220 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres discolor Bussing 1983 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:199 [ref. 22193], Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943], Thomson et al. 2000:178 [ref. 25640], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres discolor Bussing 1983. Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Cocos Island. Habitat: marine.

dispilus, Platyglossus Günther [A.] 1864:25 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1864 (pt 1) (art. 4) (for 26 Jan. 1864); ref. 5752] Pacific coast of Panama. Syntypes: BMNH 1863.12.16.57 (1), 1864.1.26.410 (1), 1864.1.26.419 (1). Also appeared in Günther 1864:230 [ref. 1976]. •Valid as Iridio dispilus (Günther 1864) -- (Kuiter 2010:223 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres dispilus (Günther 1864) -- (Bussing 1987:96 [ref. 21800], Allen & Robertson 1994:200 [ref. 22193], Gomon in Fischer et al. 1995:1211 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:198 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:491 [ref. 24023], Vargas et al. 1998:199 [ref. 23988], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:333 [ref. 24555], Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943], Thomson et al. 2000:176 [ref. 25640], Victor et al. 2001:282 [ref. 25613], Baldwin & McCosker 2001:93 [ref. 25779], Nelson et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27807], Barber & Bellwood 2005:249 [ref. 35318], Weaver & Rocha 2007:803 [ref. 29437], Lobel et al. 2009:171 [ref. 30071], Rocha et al. 2010:28 [ref. 30767], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32708], Barriga Salazar 2014:119 [ref. 35745], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:148 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:448 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:610 [ref. 34923], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:92 [ref. 35859], González-Murcia et al. 2019:301 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres dispilus (Günther 1864). Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

doleschalli, Platyglossus (Halichoeres) Steindachner [F.] 1863:1190, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 13; ref. 18752] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Halichoeres papilionaceus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres papilionaceus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

dubius, Platyglossus (Leptojulis) Steindachner [F.] 1864:37 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe v. 1 (no. 5); ref. 21705] Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): NMW 28161. Species first described in above abstract, later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1864:210 [p. 11 of separate] Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [ref. 13937], subgenus misspelled Leplojulis in this reference. •Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

dussumieri, Julis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:478, Pl. 387 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Malabar, India. Syntypes: MNHN A-9111 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:54 [ref. 19171]. •Valid as Hemiulis dussumieri (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Kuiter 2010:266 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres dussumieri (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Randall 1986:694 [ref. 5706], Randall 1995:278 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:188 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:365 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:198 [ref. 23922], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277]). •Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943], Allen et al. 2006:1393 [ref. 29095], Randall & Allen 2010:281 [ref. 30980]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

elegans, Iridio Bean [T. H.] 1906:30, Fig. 6 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 19; ref. 15640] Castle Harbor at Nonsuch Island and Cooper's Island, Bermuda. Lectotype: FMNH 5129. Paralectotypes: FMNH 5130-31 (1, 2). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:49 [ref. 12367]. Lectotype selected by Grey 1947:160 [ref. 12302]. •Synonym of Halichoeres radiatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:294 [ref. 25013], Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943], Rocha & Rosa 2001:164 [ref. 25881]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres radiatus (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

elegans, Julis Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:467 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 2122. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:76-77 [ref. 19171]. •Synonym of Halichoeres scapularis (Bennett 1832) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres scapularis (Bennett 1832). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

equinus, Platyglossus De Vis [C. W.] 1885:885 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 4); ref. 1091] Cardwell, Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.964. •Synonym of Halichoeres margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943], Allen et al. 2006:1391 [ref. 29095]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

erdmanni, Halichoeres Randall [J. E.] & Allen [G. R.] 2010:283, Figs. 4-7 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 58 (no. 2); ref. 30980] Fak Fak Peninsula, Ogar Island, east side, 2°39'S, 132°30'E, Berau Bay, West Papua, Indonesia, depth 8-10 meters. Holotype: NCIO 63599. Paratypes: BPBM 41023 (2); WAM P.32949-002 (3), P.33092-001 (1); USNM 398522 (1). Plus photograqphs. •Valid as Halichoeres erdmanni Randall & Allen 2010 -- (Parenti & Randall 2011:34 [ref. 31299], Allen & Erdmann 2012:672 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres erdmanni Randall & Allen 2010. Labridae. Distribution: Gulf of Thailand, Singapore, Brunei and Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

eximius, Halichoeres Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:16, Pl. 5 (fig. 1) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Southern Red Sea. Syntypes: SMF 2706 (1, dry), 2717 (1, dry). •Synonym of Halichoeres centiquadrus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Dor 1984:202 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacepède 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

exornatus, Julis Richardson [J.] 1846:258 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Hong Kong; Canton, China. Syntypes: BMNH 1851.12.27.163-164 (4). Type information: Whitehead 1970:216 [ref. 11606]. •Valid as Hemiulis exornata (Richardson 1846) -- (Kuiter 2010:265 [ref. 35285]). •Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943], Randall & Allen 2010:283 [ref. 30980]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

festiva, Artisia de Beaufort [L. F.] 1939:17, Fig. 2 [Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde v. 27; ref. 237] Amoy [Xiamen] harbor, China. Holotype (unique): BSMP 17752 (apparently lost). •Synonym of Halichoeres tenuispinis (Günther 1862) -- (Randall 1999:226 [ref. 24046], Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:208 [ref. 25480]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres tenuispinis (Günther 1862). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

fijiensis, Halichoeres Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:410 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] Ovalau Island, Fiji Islands. Holotype: FMNH 17341. Paratypes: FMNH 17342-45 (0, 1, 0, 1, 1); CAS-SU 24428 (8); USNM 117326-27 [ex FMNH] (1, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:85 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:43 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Halichoeres argus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:19 [ref. 24943], Randall 2005:410 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres argus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

florealis, Platyglossus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:287 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 282); ref. 2472] Laguna Grande, near Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 30839 (2, ? now 1). •Synonym of Halichoeres bivittatus (Bloch 1791) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres bivittatus (Bloch 1791). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

floscorallis, Platyglossus Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:299, Pl. 46 (fig. 2) [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Pago Pago, American Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51744. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8669-70 (1, 1); USNM 123651 (9). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:86 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Halichoeres melanurus (Bleeker 1851) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres melanurus (Bleeker 1851). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

frenatus, Iridio Nichols [J. T.] 1920:61 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 33; ref. 3173] Bermuda. Holotype (unique): AMNH 7313. •Synonym of Halichoeres maculipinna (Müller & Troschel 1848) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:293 [ref. 25013], Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres maculipinna (Müller & Troschel 1848). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

garnoti, Julis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:390 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Martinique Island, West Indies. Syntypes: MNHN A-7608 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:56 [ref. 19171]. •Valid as Iridio garnoti (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Kuiter 2010:214 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres garnoti (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:204 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1992:347 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:413 [ref. 24474], Aguilera 1998:52 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:293 [ref. 25013], Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:164 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:116 [ref. 26784], Westneat 2003:1711 [ref. 27105], Smith et al. 2003:43 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27807], Rocha 2004:772 [ref. 27980], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:517 [ref. 28815], Barber & Bellwood 2005:249 [ref. 35318], Rocha et al. 2010:26 [ref. 30767], Page et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:179 [ref. 32953], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:63 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:147 [ref. 34961], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725], Robertson et al. 2020:157 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres garnoti (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

girardi, Julis (Julis) Bleeker [P.] 1858:168 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 17 (no. 1); ref. 16982] Boleling, Bali, Indonesia. Holotype (unique) (?): BMNH 1864.5.15.13. •Probably a synonym of Halichoeres zeylonicus (Bennett 1833) or H. hartzfeldii (Bleeker 1852) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:62 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres zeylonicus (Bennett 1833). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

grandisquamis, Choerojulis Gill [T. N.] 1863:206 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 15; ref. 17581] Beaufort, North Carolina, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 4318. •Synonym of Halichoeres bivittatus (Bloch 1791) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres bivittatus (Bloch 1791). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

gurrobyi, Halichoeres Victor [B. C.] 2016:12, Figs. 1-4 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 22; ref. 34530] Grand Bay, Mauritius, depth 12-22 meters. Holotype: BPBM 41277. Paratypes: BPBM. •Valid as Halichoeres gurrobyi Victor 2016 -- (Parenti & Randall 2018:17 [ref. 35964]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres gurrobyi Victor 2016. Labridae. Distribution: Mauritius, Seychelles, western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

guttatus, Labrus Bloch [M. E.] 1791:149, Pl. 287 (fig. 2) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 5; ref. 4867] No locality. On p. 119 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 8 [ref. 21381]. Spelled guttulatus in Lacepède 1801:446, 513 [ref. 2710]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Labrus guttatus Gmelin 1789 and Labrus guttatus Bonnaterre 1788. •Synonym of Halichoeres argus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:19 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres argus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

guttulatus, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:446, 514 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Incorrect subsequent spelling or emendation of Labrus guttatus Bloch. •Synonym of Halichoeres argus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:19 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres argus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

guttulatus, Platyglossus Macleay [W.] 1883:587 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 7 (pt 4); ref. 17586] New Guinea. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Halichoeres chloropterus (Bloch 1791) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres chloropterus (Bloch 1791). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

gymnocephalus, Labrus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:251 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] No locality. Syntypes: ZMB 2620 (1) Indian Ocean. •Synonym of Halichoeres chloropterus (Bloch 1791) -- (Randall et al. 1990:317 [ref. 15987], Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943], Westneat 2001:3433 [ref. 26277]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres chloropterus (Bloch 1791). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

harloffii, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1847:159 [Natuur-en Geneeskundig Archief voor Neȇrlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 314] Pagotang, Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: SMNS 10604 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1991:15 [ref. 13474], Fricke 2005:44 [ref. 29864]. Also in Bleeker 1847:22 [ref. 317]. •Synonym of Halichoeres margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

hartzfeldii, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1852:563 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 16834] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6604. Bleeker specimens: AMS B.8035 [from Day] (1), BMNH 1862.2.28.45 (1), NMV 46184 (1). Possibly a subspecies of Halichoeres zeylonicus (Bennett 1833) -- (Randall et al. 1990:322 [ref. 15987], Randall 1995:283 [ref. 22896]). •Valid as Halichoeres hartzfeldii (Bleeker 1852) -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:209 [ref. 6441], Kuiter 1993:280 [ref. 23929] as hartzfeldi, Allen 1997:190 [ref. 23977] as hartzfeldi, Kuiter 1997:286 [ref. 25488] as hartzfeldi, Randall et al. 1997:322 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:197 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:744 [ref. 25471], Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:628 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:992 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:200 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:113 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:268 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:39 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:992 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830] as hartzfeldi, Myers & Donaldson 2003:635 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:149 [ref. 27510], Randall 2005:411 [ref. 28239], Barber & Bellwood 2005:249 [ref. 35318], Allen et al. 2006:1390 [ref. 29095], Kuiter 2010:255 [ref. 35285], Allen & Erdmann 2012:671 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:131 [ref. 33932], Victor 2016:24 [ref. 34530], To & Shea 2016:1 [ref. 34792], Motomura et al. 2017:183 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2019:228 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres hartzfeldii (Bleeker 1852). Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Micronesia and Samoa, north to Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

hilomeni, Halichoeres Randall [J. E.] & Allen [G. R.] 2010:286, Figs. 8-12 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 58 (no. 2); ref. 30980] Dibuluan Island, Bacuit Bay, southern end, 12.8 kilometers south of twon of El Nido, 11°04.320'N, 119°22.301'E, Palawan Province, Philippines, depth 1-3 meters. Holotype: UPLB 498. Paratypes: BPB 41024 (2); UPLB 495 (1), 500 (1); USNM 398628 (2); WAM P.332790-001 (2); ZRC 52402 (1). •Valid as Halichoeres hilomeni Randall & Allen 2010 -- (Parenti & Randall 2011:34 [ref. 31299], Allen & Erdmann 2012:673 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres hilomeni Randall & Allen 2010. Labridae. Distribution: Malaysia and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

hoevenii, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1851:250 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 331] Banda Neira, Banda Islands, Indonesia. Bleeker specimens: AMS B.7819 [from Day] (1) Java, BMNH 1862.2.28.126 (1). •Synonym of Platyglossus melanurus (Bleeker 1851) -- (Kuiter 2010:272 [ref. 35285]). •Synonym of Halichoeres melanurus (Bleeker 1851) -- (Randall et al. 1990:319 [ref. 15987], Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943], Westneat 2001:3436 [ref. 26277] as hoeveni, Randall 2005:413 [ref. 28239], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:342 [ref. 28867]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres melanurus (Bleeker 1851). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

hortulanus, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:449, 518, Pl. 29 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Grand Océan équatorial [Indo-West Pacific]. Syntypes: (all dry) Mauritius: MNHN B-2138 to 2141 (2, 2, 2, 1); No locality: MNHN B-2142 (2), B-2143 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:85 [ref. 19171]. Based on description and illustration in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). •Objective synonym of Halichoeres centiquadrus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Dor 1984:202 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Hemitautoga hortulana (Lacepède 1801) -- (Kuiter 2010:302 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:208 [ref. 6441], Randall 1986:695 [ref. 5706], Allen & Swainston 1988:116 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:53 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:317 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:281 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:54 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:278 [ref. 22896], Randall et al. 1997:317 [ref. 25919], Allen 1997:188 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:288 [ref. 25488], Myers 1999:198 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:413 [ref. 24106] as hortulans, Allen 2000:91 [ref. 37268], Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:628 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:991 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:359 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:113 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:268 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:39 [ref. 25847], Westneat 2001:3434 [ref. 26277], Nakabo 2002:991 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S114 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:635 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:150 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:22 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:124 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3325 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:412 [ref. 28239], Barber & Bellwood 2005:249 [ref. 35318], Allen et al. 2006:1391 [ref. 29095], Fricke et al. 2009:85 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:223 [ref. 30463], Motomura et al. 2010:165 [ref. 31256], Hubert et al. 2012:3 [ref. 31846], Allen & Erdmann 2012:674 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:266 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:131 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:75 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:13 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:283 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:125 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:19 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:228 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:89 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacepède 1801). Labridae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

humeralis, Julis Poey [F.] 1860:212 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Holotype: MCZ 14200 (largest of three). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:209 [ref. 22926]. •Synonym of Halichoeres bivittatus (Bloch 1791) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres bivittatus (Bloch 1791). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

hyrtlii, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1856:60 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 1 (6); ref. 352] Makassar, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1862.2.28.72 (1?). •Valid as Halichoeres hyrtlii (Bleeker 1856) -- (Allen 2000:91 [ref. 37268], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277]). •Synonym of Halichoeres bicolor (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:19 [ref. 24943], Parenti & Randall 2011:35 [ref. 31299]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres bicolor (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

ianthinus, Halichoeres Fourmanoir [P.] 1955:217 [Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar. Série A, Biologie Animale v. 9; ref. 12271] Domoni, Anjouan Island, Comoro Islands. No types known. •Synonym of Halichoeres marginatus Rüppell 1835 -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres marginatus Rüppell 1835. Labridae. Habitat: marine.

immaculatus, Platyglossus Macleay [W.] 1878:362, Pl. 10 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 2 (pt 4); ref. 17573] Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16369-001 [ex MAMU F935] (1). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:208 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Halichoeres dussumieri (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Larson & Williams 1997:365 [ref. 23967]). •Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943], Allen et al. 2006:1393 [ref. 29095]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

inornata, Julichthys De Vis [C. W.] 1885:884 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 4); ref. 1091] Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia. No types known. •Possibly described from a female Halichoeres chloropterus (Bloch 1791) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:62 [ref. 24943]). •Incertae sedis in Labrinae -- (Allen et al. 2006:1418 [ref. 29095]). Current status: Uncertain as Halichoeres chloropterus (Bloch 1791). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

inornatus, Pseudojulis Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:67 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Off Baja California, Mexico, 22°52'N, 109°55'W [22°87'N, 109°92°W], Albatross station 2829, depth 31 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 44273. •Valid as Pseudojuloides inornatus (Gilbert 1890) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:36 [ref. 24943], Thomson et al. 2000:181 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:156 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Sagittalarva inornata (Gilbert 1890) -- (Victor et al. 2013:560 [ref. 32724]). •Valid as Halichoeres inornata (Gilbert 1890) -- (Wainwright et al. 2017:40 [ref. 35725]). •Valid as Halichoeres inornatus (Gilbert 1890). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres inornatus (Gilbert 1890). Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

insularis, Halichoeres Allen [G. R.] & Robertson [D. R.] 1992:51, Figs. 5-6 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 19 (no. 1/2); ref. 19541] Socorro Island, Revillagigedo Islands, Mexico, about 18°48'N, 111°02'W, depth 8 meters. Holotype: USNM 321182. Paratypes: USNM 321183 (4), WAM P.30390-002 [not 30391-002] (5). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:36 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Iridio insularis (Allen & Robertson 1992) -- (Kuiter 2010:221 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres insularis Allen & Robertson 1992 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:200 [ref. 22193], Gomon in Fischer et al. 1995:1212 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:198 [ref. 24545], Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943], Nelson et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27807], Rocha et al. 2010:28 [ref. 30767], Page et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:448 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:610 [ref. 34923], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres insularis Allen & Robertson 1992. Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Revillagigedo Islands. Habitat: marine.

internasalis, Julis Poey [F.] 1861:421 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Havana, Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 14252 (3). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:210 [ref. 22926]. •Synonym of Halichoeres cyanocephalus (Bloch 1791) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres cyanocephalus (Bloch 1791). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

iridescens, Halichoeres Jenkins [O. P.] 1901:47, Fig. 2 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 19 [1899]; ref. 14757] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: CAS-SU 6131. Paratypes: CAS-SU 23287 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:85 [ref. 12291]. Randall & Rocha 2009:709 [ref. 30520] designate the holotype of H. iridescens Jenkins 1901 as the neotype of Julis ornatissimus Garrett 1863, making iridescens Jenkins an objective synonym of H. ornatissimus (Garrett 1883). •Synonym of Halichoeres ornatissimus (Garrett 1863) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943], Mundy 2005:439 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:338 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres ornatissimus (Garrett 1863). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

irideus, Halichoeres Starks [E. C.] 1913:60, Pl. 8 [Leland Stanford Jr. University Publications, University Series; ref. 4197] Rock pool at Natal, Brazil. Holotype: CAS-SU 22213. Paratypes: (4) AMNH 3762 (1); CAS-SU 22224 (3); USNM 221542 [ex 21627] (1, not found in 1985). •Synonym of Halichoeres radiatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943]). •Synonym of Halichoeres brasiliensis (Bloch 1791) -- (Rocha & Rosa 2001:162 [ref. 25881], Parenti & Randall 2011:34 [ref. 31299]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres brasiliensis (Bloch 1791). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

iridis, Halichoeres Randall [J. E.] & Smith [M. M.] 1982:(3) 17, Pl. 7 (figs. C-E) [Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology No. 45; ref. 9112] Medine, about 1 mile north of Flic en Flac, west coast off La Fouche, Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 30 meters. Holotype: BPBM 16335. Paratypes: ANSP 107141 (1), 107164 (6), 107180 (1), 107422 (1), 107544 (12), 111003 (1); BMNH 1980.5.20.3 (1); BPBM 16394 (1), 18057 (1), 22942 (2), 22954-55 (1, 1); CAS 46032 (1); ROM 35935 (1), 35940 (2); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 972 (3); USNM 221542 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:117 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Biochoeres iridis (Randall & Smith 1982) -- (Kuiter 2010:286 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres iridis Randall & Smith 1982 -- (Randall 1986:695 [ref. 5706], Winterbottom et al. 1989:54 [ref. 13251], Randall 1994:266 [ref. 21644], Randall 1995:279 [ref. 22896], Fricke 1999:414 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S114 [ref. 27377], Fricke et al. 2009:86 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2018:283 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:125 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:89 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres iridis Randall & Smith 1982. Labridae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa, South Africa to Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar, western Mascarenes and Chagos Archipelago. Habitat: marine.

javanicus, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1857:341 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 13 (no. 2); ref. 16868] Karangbollong [Karang-Bollong Bay, on northeastern tip of Nusa Kambangan Island, 4.5 kilometers southeast to Cilacap, Jawa Tengah Province, Java, Indonesia, eastern Indian Ocean, ca. 7°45'34''S, 109°02'32''E]. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6581. •Valid as Hemiulis javanica (Bleeker 1857) -- (Kuiter 2010:265 [ref. 35285] dated 1862). •Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Khan 1998:230 [ref. 24980], Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943], Randall & Allen 2010:282 [ref. 30980]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

kallochroma, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1853:289 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12580] Priaman, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1862.2.28.99 (1). •Valid as Hemiulis kallochroma (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kuiter 2010:268 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres kallochroma (Bleeker 1853) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943], Satapoomin 2009:223 [ref. 30463]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres kallochroma (Bleeker 1853). Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Andaman Sea to Sumatra (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

kallopisos, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1853:348 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 5117] Ambon Island, Moluccs Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Halichoeres leucurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres leucurus (Walbaum 1792). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

kawarin, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1852:172 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 16835] Kupang, Timor Island, southern Malay Archipelago. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6592. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1862.2.28.103 (1). •Synonym of Halichoeres timorensis (Bleeker 1852) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres timorensis (Bleeker 1852). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

kirschii, Iridio Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1898:1598 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 47; ref. 2444] Bahia, Brazil. Syntypes: USNM 43303 (3). Appeared first in Jordan & Evermann 1896:413 [ref. 2442] without description. •Synonym of Halichoeres poeyi (Steindachner 1867) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres poeyi (Steindachner 1867). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

kneri, Halichoeres Bleeker [P.] 1862:307 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeling Natuurkunde. v. 13; ref. 16995] Karangbollong, Java; Singapore; Bangka; Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: (16): BMNH 1862.2.28.127 (1), ?NMV 46185 (1). •Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943], Parenti & Randall 2011:34 [ref. 31299], Parenti & Randall 2018:23 [ref. 35964]). •Valid as Hemiulis kneri (Bleeker 1862) -- (Kuiter 2010:264 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres kneri Bleeker 1862 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:674 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres kneri Bleeker 1862. Labridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Malay Peninsula to western Indonesia north to the Philippines, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands and Japan. Habitat: marine.

lamarii, Julis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:481 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8312 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:58-59 [ref. 19171]. •Synonym of Halichoeres marginatus Rüppell 1835 -- (Fricke 1999:415 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943], Parenti & Randall 2018:24 [ref. 35964]). •See Parenti & Randall 2011:35 [ref. 31299]. •Valid as Platyglossus lamarii (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Kuiter 2010:271 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres lamarii (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Adrim et al. 2004:124 [ref. 27715], Fricke et al. 2009:86 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2018:284 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:19 [ref. 36883]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres lamarii (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East Africa, Madagascar, Mascarenes and Seychelles east to Maldives and Chagos Archipelago. Habitat: marine.

lao, Halichoeres Jenkins [O. P.] 1901:48, Fig. 3 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 19 [1899]; ref. 14757] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 6132. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:85 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Halichoeres ornatissimus (Garrett 1863) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943], Mundy 2005:439 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:338 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres ornatissimus (Garrett 1863). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

lapillus, Halichoeres Smith [J. L. B.] 1947:801 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 13 (no. 108) (art. 77); ref. 4073] Inhaca Island, Delagoa Bay, Mozambique, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 282. •Valid as Macropharyngodon lapillus (Smith 1947) -- (Kuiter 2010:282 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres lapillus Smith 1947 -- (Randall 1986:695 [ref. 5706], Randall 1995:279 [ref. 22896], Fricke 1999:415 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S114 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:344 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2009:86 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2013:266 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2018:284 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres lapillus Smith 1947. Labridae. Distribution: Oman, East Africa and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) to Madagascar and western Mascarenes. Habitat: marine.

leparensis, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1853:730 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 5); ref. 16829] Lepar Island, Bangka, Indonesia. Syntypes: (6) BMNH 1862.2.28.67. •Synonym of Halichoeres argus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:19 [ref. 24943], Randall 2005:410 [ref. 28239], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:342 [ref. 28867]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres argus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

leptotaenia, Halichoeres Randall [J. E.] & Earle [J. L.] 1994:288, Pls. 1-3 [Fauna of Saudi Arabia v. 14; ref. 21642] South end of Goat Island (Jazirat al-Ghanam), Musandam, Persian Gulf, Oman, 26°20'22"N, 56°20'48"E, depth 12-15 meters. Holotype: BPBM 34458. Paratypes: BMNH 1994.4.11.1-2 (2); BPBM 33321 (2), 34476 (1), 34483 (2), 34487 (1), 36312 (6); CAS 81378 (3); MTUF P-20527 (1); SMF 27032 (3); USNM 329426 (2). •Valid as Halichoeres leptotaenia Randall & Earle 1994 -- (Randall 1995:279 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:198 [ref. 23922], Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S114 [ref. 27377], Victor 2016:25 [ref. 34530], Jawad et al. 2018:120 [ref. 36262], Eagderi et al. 2019:72 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres leptotaenia Randall & Earle 1994. Labridae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf endemic. Habitat: marine.

leschenaulti, Julis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:453 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Mauritius; Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-2358 (2) Réunion, A-2834 (3) Mauritius. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:59 [ref. 19171]. •Synonym of Halichoeres scapularis (Bennett 1832) -- (Fricke 1999:418 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres scapularis (Bennett 1832). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

leucostigma, Halichoeres Fowler [H. W.] & Bean [B. A.] 1928:299, Pl. 40 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 7; ref. 1475] Pujada Bay, Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 89974. •Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

leucoxanthus, Halichoeres Randall [J. E.] & Smith [M. M.] 1982:(3) 20, Pl. 8 (figs. C-D) [Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology No. 45; ref. 9112] Eastern end of Java, Indonesia. Holotype: BPBM 22906. Paratypes: BPBM 18911 (1), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 445 (1). •Valid as Biochoeres leucoxanthus (Randall & Smith 1982) -- (Kuiter 2010:287 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres leucoxanthus Randall & Smith 1982 -- (Myers 1999:197 [ref. 23965], Allen 2000:91 [ref. 37268], Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:411 [ref. 28239], Satapoomin 2009:224 [ref. 30463], Allen & Erdmann 2012:675 [ref. 31980], Psomadakis et al. 2020:525 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres leucoxanthus Randall & Smith 1982. Labridae. Distribution: Indo-Western Pacific: Maldives east to Myanmar, Christmas Island and Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

leucurus, Labrus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:249 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated. No types known. •Valid as Hemiulis leucura (Walbaum 1792) -- (Kuiter 2010:269 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres leucurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Allen 1997:190 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:198 [ref. 23965], Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:628 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:113 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:39 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Adrim et al. 2004:124 [ref. 27715], Barber & Bellwood 2005:249 [ref. 35318], Allen et al. 2006:1391 [ref. 29095], Allen & Erdmann 2012:675 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:131 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:228 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres leucurus (Walbaum 1792). Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: eastern Indonesia east to Palau and Solomon Islands, north to Yaeyama Islands, south to northwestern Australia. Habitat: marine.

macgregori, Halichoeres Gilbert [C. H.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:145, Pl. 23 (fig. 45) [Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences v. 4; ref. 1639] Rock pool, (Pacific) Panama. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 6804. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:85 [ref. 12291]. Original genus as Halichaeres on p. 145 and Halichoeres in caption to plate, the latter is correct. •Synonym of Halichoeres nicholsi (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Bussing 1987:96 [ref. 21800], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:494 [ref. 24023], Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres nicholsi (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

maculatus, Platyglossus Jatzow [R.] & Lenz [H.] 1898:520, Pl. 36 (fig. 16) [Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft v. 21; ref. 14685] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Syntypes: SMF (2, not found). •Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

maculifer, Pseudojulis Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:35 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): not at MNHN. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:108 [ref. 19171]. •Synonym of Halichoeres nebulosus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943], Allen et al. 2006:1392 [ref. 29095]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres nebulosus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

maculipinna, Julis Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] in Schomburgk 1848:674 [18] [The history of Barbados; comprising a geographical description of the island and an account of its geology and natural productions.; ref. 17812] Barbados, West Indies. Possible types: ZMB 2572 (1). Appeared first as above; reprinted in Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 1848:18. •Valid as 'Iridio' maculipinna (Müller & Troschel 1848) -- (Kuiter 2010:212 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres maculipinna (Müller & Troschel 1848) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:204 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1992:347 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:415 [ref. 24474], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:293 [ref. 25013], Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:164 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1645 [ref. 25634], Rocha & Rosa 2001:991 [ref. 25909], Collette et al. 2003:116 [ref. 26784], Westneat 2003:1712 [ref. 27105], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:92 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:43 [ref. 27621], Bernardi et al. 2004:405 [ref. 27454], Nelson et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27807], Rocha 2004:773 [ref. 27980], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:518 [ref. 28815], Barber & Bellwood 2005:249 [ref. 35318], Lobel et al. 2009:171 [ref. 30071], Luiz et al. 2009:37 [ref. 30311], Luiz et al. 2009:37 [ref. 30311], Rocha et al. 2010:28 [ref. 30767], Page et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:63 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:147 [ref. 34961], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725], Robertson et al. 2020:157 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres maculipinna (Müller & Troschel 1848). Labridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

maculosus, Julidio Clark [H. W.] 1936:390 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 21 (no. 29); ref. 839] Conway Bay, Indefatigable Island [Santa Cruz], Galápagos Islands. Holotype: CAS 3156. Paratypes: (orig. 17) CAS 3050-51 (1, 1), 3138-45 (8), 3239-3244 (now 4). •Synonym of Halichoeres nicholsi (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Bussing 1987:96 [ref. 21800] with question, Grove & Lavenberg 1997:494 [ref. 24023], Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres nicholsi (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

malpelo, Halichoeres Allen [G. R.] & Robertson [D. R.] 1992:47, Figs. 1-2 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 19 (no. 1/2); ref. 19541] Malpelo Island, eastern Pacific, west of Colombia, about 4°00'N, 81°31'W, depth 10 meters. Holotype: ICNMNH 1784. Paratypes: ICNMNH 1785 (2); USNM 321181 (2); WAM P.30389-002 (2). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:36 [ref. 30117], Mojica & Agudelo-Zamora 2018:53 [ref. 36127]. •Valid as Iridio malpelo (Allen & Robertson 1992) -- (Kuiter 2010:222 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres malpelo Allen & Robertson 1992 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:201 [ref. 22193], Gomon in Fischer et al. 1995:1213 [ref. 22830], Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres malpelo Allen & Robertson 1992. Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Malpelo Island. Habitat: marine.

margaritaceus, Julis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:484 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific. Syntypes: MNHN A-9201 (5). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:61 [ref. 19171]. •Valid as Octocynodon margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Kuiter 2010:275 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Dor 1984:202 [ref. 29757], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:209 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:116 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:318 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:282 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:165 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:54 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:188 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:318 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:198 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:744 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:21 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:91 [ref. 37268], Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:628 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:997 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:359 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:113 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:268 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:39 [ref. 25847], Westneat 2001:3435 [ref. 26277], Nakabo 2002:997 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:635 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:74 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:22 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:412 [ref. 28239], Barber & Bellwood 2005:249 [ref. 35318], Allen et al. 2006:1391 [ref. 29095], Randall & King 2010:17 [ref. 30743], Motomura et al. 2010:165 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:676 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:132 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:116 [ref. 36167], Koeda et al. 2016:75 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2019:229 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Christmas and Cocos-Keeling islands and Indonesia east to Wake Atoll and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to northwestern Australia, New South Wales (Australia), Lord Howe, Norfolk and Kermadec islands, Tonga and Gambier Islands. Habitat: marine.

margaritiphorus, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1853:487 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 336] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Halichoeres bicolor (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:19 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres bicolor (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

marginatus, Halichoeres Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:16 [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Al Muwaylih, Tabuk Province, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea; Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntypes: SMF 1154 (2). Sometimes treated as a widespread Indo-Pacific species. •Valid as Platyglossus marginatus (Rüppell 1835) -- (Kuiter 2010:271 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres marginatus Rüppell 1835 -- (Dor 1984:202 [ref. 29757], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:208 [ref. 6441], Randall 1986:695 [ref. 5706], Allen & Swainston 1988:116 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:54 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:318 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:281 [ref. 23929], Randall et al. 1994:229 [ref. 21645], Goren & Dor 1994:54 [ref. 25356], Kuiter & Randall 1995:113 [ref. 21618], Randall 1995:280 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:188 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:198 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:288 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:318 [ref. 25919], Khan 1998:231 [ref. 24980], Myers 1999:198 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:415 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:744 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:21 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:91 [ref. 37268], Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:628 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:995 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:113 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:268 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:39 [ref. 25847], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277], Nakabo 2002:995 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S114 [ref. 27377], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:150 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:22 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:124 [ref. 27715] but restricted to the Red Sea on Kuiter, Heemstra et al. 2004:3325 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:413 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:438 [ref. 28379], Barber & Bellwood 2005:249 [ref. 35318], Allen et al. 2006:1391 [ref. 29095], Randall 2007:337 [ref. 30952], Allen & Erdmann 2012:676 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:132 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:75 [ref. 35333], Golani & Fricke 2018:125 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:72 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:229 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:89 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres marginatus Rüppell 1835. Labridae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Socotra, Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman east to French Polynesia and Pitcairn Island, north to Japan, south to northern Australia (but possibly restricted to the Red Sea). Habitat: marine.

melanochir, Halichoeres Fowler [H. W.] & Bean [B. A.] 1928:264, Pl. 25 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 7; ref. 1475] Lampinigan Island, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 89972. Paratypes: USNM 93523-24 (1, 1). •Valid as Julichoeres melanochir (Fowler & Bean 1928) -- (Kuiter 2010:299 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres melanochir Fowler & Bean 1928 -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:208 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:116 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:188 [ref. 23977], Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:628 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:994 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:113 [ref. 25868], Shinohara et al. 2000:180 [ref. 25987], Hutchins 2001:268 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:39 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:994 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Adrim et al. 2004:124 [ref. 27715], Allen et al. 2006:1392 [ref. 29095], Motomura et al. 2010:166 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:677 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:166 [ref. 32988], Motomura et al. 2015:26 [ref. 34709], Koeda et al. 2016:76 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:13 [ref. 35354], Fukui in Kimura et al. 2018:231 [ref. 36460], Fricke et al. 2019:229 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres melanochir Fowler & Bean 1928. Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

melanotis, Pseudojulis Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:66 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Gulf of California, Mexico, 24°22'15"N, 110°19'15"W, Albatross station 2825, depth 7 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 44274. •Valid as Pseudospilus [sic] melanotis (Gilbert 1890) -- (Bussing 1987:97 [ref. 21800]). •Valid as Iridio melanotis (Gilbert 1890) -- (Kuiter 2010:221 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres melanotis (Gilbert 1890) -- (Allen & Robertson 1992:49 [ref. 19541], Allen & Robertson 1994:201 [ref. 22193], Gomon in Fischer et al. 1995:1214 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:198 [ref. 24545], Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943], Thomson et al. 2000:181 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27807], Rocha et al. 2010:28 [ref. 30767], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:148 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:448 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:610 [ref. 34923], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres melanotis (Gilbert 1890). Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

melanurus, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1851:251 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 331] Banda Neira, Banda Islands, Indonesia. •Valid as Platyglossus melanurus (Bleeker 1851) -- (Kuiter 2010:272 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres melanurus (Bleeker 1851) -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:209 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:319 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:190 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:288 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:319 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:198 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:744 [ref. 25471], Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:628 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:996 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:359 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:113 [ref. 25868], Matsuura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:274 [ref. 27511], Hutchins 2001:268 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:39 [ref. 25847], Westneat 2001:3436 [ref. 26277], Nakabo 2002:996 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:150 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:22 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:124 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:413 [ref. 28239], Barber & Bellwood 2005:249 [ref. 35318], Allen et al. 2006:1392 [ref. 29095], Motomura et al. 2010:166 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:677 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:166 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:132 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:230 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres melanurus (Bleeker 1851). Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Micronesia and Samoa, north to Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Australia and Norfolk Island. Habitat: marine.

melas, Halichoeres Randall [J. E.] & Earle [J. L.] 1994:296, Pl. 8 [Fauna of Saudi Arabia v. 14; ref. 21642] Reef on west side of Sawda Island, Al Halaniyat (Kuria Muria Islands), southern Oman, Arabian Sea, depth 10 meters. Holotype: BPBM 36014. Paratypes: BPBM 36013 (1), USNM 329428 (1). •Synonym of Macropharyngodon lapillus (Smith 1947) -- (Kuiter 2010:282 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres melas Randall & Earle 1994 -- (Randall 1995:280 [ref. 22896], Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S114 [ref. 27377]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres melas Randall & Earle 1994. Labridae. Distribution: Arabian Sea. Habitat: marine.

melasmapomus, Halichoeres Randall [J. E.] 1981:421, Figs. 3-4 [Pacific Science v. 34 (no. 4) (for 1980); ref. 5542] Reef on northern side off Gannet Ridge, Pitcairn Island, depth 40-44 meters. Holotype: BPBM 16899. Paratypes: AMS I.21502-001 (1); ANSP 134490-91 (1, 9); BPBM 9101 (2), 9631 (1), 11872 (1), 12178 (1), 13671 (1), 13724 (1), 13836 (1), 14981 (1), 16702 (2), 17552 (2), 18466 (1), 19615 (1), 19627 (3), 19960 (1), 22070 (1), 22961 (2), 24112 (1); CAS 39122 (1); MNHN 1976-134 (1); USNM 219866 (1); WAM P.25233-006 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:117 [ref. 13621], Hutchins & Smith 1991:33 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:37 [ref. 30117]. •Synonym of Biochoeres xanti (Károli 1882) -- (Kuiter 2010:290 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres melasmapomus Randall 1981 -- (Randall et al. 1990:319 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:190 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:319 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:198 [ref. 23965], Randall 1999:21 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:91 [ref. 37268], Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:628 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:993 [ref. 25182], Randall & Earle 2000:17 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:268 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:39 [ref. 25847], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277] dated 1980, Nakabo 2002:993 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830] dated 1980, Myers & Donaldson 2003:635 [ref. 27495] dated 1980, Randall et al. 2004:22 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:414 [ref. 28239], Barber & Bellwood 2005:249 [ref. 35318], Allen et al. 2006:1392 [ref. 29095], Allen & Erdmann 2012:678 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:132 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988] dated 1980, Fricke et al. 2019:230 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres melasmapomus Randall 1981. Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western and central Pacific: Christmas and Cocos-Keeling islands and Indonesia east to French Polynesia and Pitcairn Island, north to Philippines, south to Australia. Habitat: marine.

metager, Platyglossus Day [F.] (ex Tickell) 1888:802 [The fishes of India Suppl.; ref. 1082] Saddle Island, off Kyoukphyoo, Arracan, Myanmar. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762]. We assume Day revised the description in his style and may have taken information from the figure rather than quoting directly from Tickell. •Synonym of Halichoeres marginatus Rüppell 1835 -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres marginatus Rüppell 1835. Labridae. Habitat: marine.

meyeri, Iridio Bean [T. H.] 1906:29 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 19; ref. 15640] Nonsuch Island, Bermuda. Holotype: FMNH 4938 [not 5496 as published]. Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:50 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Halichoeres maculipinna (Müller & Troschel 1848) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:293 [ref. 25013], Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres maculipinna (Müller & Troschel 1848). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

microstomus, Iridio Bean [T. H.] 1906:30 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 19; ref. 15640] Nonsuch Island, Bermuda. Holotype (unique): FMNH 5138. Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:50 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Halichoeres maculipinna (Müller & Troschel 1848) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:293 [ref. 25013], Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres maculipinna (Müller & Troschel 1848). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

miniatus, Julis Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:460 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN A-9123 (1), A-9124 (2); RMNH D1363 (1, dry), 2200 (2), 2235 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:62-63 [ref. 19171]. •Valid as Octocynodon miniatus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Kuiter 2010:273 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres miniatus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:209 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:319 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:190 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:290 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:319 [ref. 25919], Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:628 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:997 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:113 [ref. 25868], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277], Nakabo 2002:997 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:151 [ref. 27510], Randall 2005:412 [ref. 28239], Barber & Bellwood 2005:249 [ref. 35318], Allen et al. 2006:1392 [ref. 29095], Randall & King 2010:17 [ref. 30743], Allen & Erdmann 2012:678 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:132 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:231 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres miniatus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Malay Peninsula east to Philippines, New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Solomon Islands, north to Japan, south to Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

modestus, Julis Girard [C. F.] 1854:151 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 5769] Monterey and San Diego, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Julis modestus Bleeker 1847, replaced by Halichores californicus Günther 1861. •Synonym of Oxyjulis californica (Günther 1861) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:33 [ref. 24943]). •Synonym of Halichoeres californicus (Günther 1861). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres californicus (Günther 1861). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

modestus, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1847:160 [Natuur-en Geneeskundig Archief voor Neȇrlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 314] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes and Bleeker specimens: ?NMV 46189-90 (2), RMNH 14265 (1 syntype), SMNS 10606 (2 syntypes), ZMB 4777 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1991:16 [ref. 13474], Fricke 2005:44 [ref. 29864]. Also in Bleeker 1847:26 [ref. 317]. •Synonym of Halichoeres chloropterus (Bloch 1791) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres chloropterus (Bloch 1791). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

mola, Labrus Cuvier [G.] 1829:258 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] No locality [India]. Available from footnote as, "L. mola, Nob., Russel, II, 120." •Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

moniliger, Anampses Cuvier [G.] in Guérin-Méneville 1828:no page number, Livraison 13 [Planches de Seba v. 3; ref. 29508] No types known. Text applies to Pl. 31 (no. 6) published in 1827. •Synonym of Halichoeres leucurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943], Parenti & Desoutter-Meniger 2007:399 [ref. 29507]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres leucurus (Walbaum 1792). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

multicostatus, Labrus Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:81 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Carolinas, U.S.A. Holotype: BMNH 1853.11.12.38 (skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:228 [ref. 13434]. •Synonym of Platyglossus bivittatus (Bloch 1791) -- (Wheeler 1958:228 [ref. 13434]). •Synonym of Halichoeres bivittatus (Bloch 1791) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres bivittatus (Bloch 1791). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

murrayensis, Pseudojulis De Vis [C. W.] 1885:882 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 4); ref. 1091] Murray Island, Queensland, Australia. No types known. •Synonym of Halichoeres miniatus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943], Allen et al. 2006:1392 [ref. 29095]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres miniatus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

nafae, Halichoeres Tanaka [S.] 1908:36, Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [Journal of the College of Science. Imperial University, Tokyo v. 23 (art. 7); ref. 6032] Naha, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype (unique): in possession of Mr. J. Hashimoto. •Synonym of Halichoeres margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

nebulosus, Julis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:461 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Mumbai, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9125. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:63 [ref. 19171]. •Valid as Octocynodon nebulosus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Kuiter 2010:274 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres nebulosus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Dor 1984:203 [ref. 29757], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:209 [ref. 6441], Randall 1986:695 [ref. 5706], Allen & Swainston 1988:116 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:54 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:320 [ref. 15987], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:231 [ref. 24016], Kuiter 1993:280 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:165 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:54 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:281 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:188 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:320 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:198 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:417 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:744 [ref. 25471], Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:628 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:997 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:206 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:113 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:268 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:39 [ref. 25847], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277], Nakabo 2002:997 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S114 [ref. 27377], Heemstra et al. 2004:3325 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:345 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:412 [ref. 28239], Barber & Bellwood 2005:249 [ref. 35318], Allen et al. 2006:1392 [ref. 29095], Fricke et al. 2009:86 [ref. 30213], Randall & King 2010:17 [ref. 30743], Motomura et al. 2010:166 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:679 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:266 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:132 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:76 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:284 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:125 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:19 [ref. 36883], Hoschke et al. 2019:158 [ref. 36626], Zajonz et al. 2019:89 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres nebulosus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Papua New Guinea and Palau, north to southern Japan, south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia), Sydney (New South Wales, Australia), Lord Howe Island and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

nicholsi, Platyglossus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:231 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 221); ref. 18348] Braithwaite Bay, Socorro Island, Revillagigedo Islands, off western Mexico. Holotype (unique): USNM 28218 (not found in 1980). •Valid as Iridio nicholsi (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Kuiter 2010:219 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres nicholsi (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Bussing 1987:96 [ref. 21800], Allen & Robertson 1994:202 [ref. 22193], Gomon in Fischer et al. 1995:1215 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:198 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:492 [ref. 24023], Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943], Thomson et al. 2000:177 [ref. 25640], Victor et al. 2001:282 [ref. 25613], Baldwin & McCosker 2001:93 [ref. 25779], Nelson et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27807], Barber & Bellwood 2005:249 [ref. 35318], Rocha et al. 2010:28 [ref. 30767], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:148 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:448 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:610 [ref. 34923], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres nicholsi (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

nigrescens, Labrus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:263 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] No locality. No types known. •Regarded as unidentifiable -- (Randall 1995:278 [ref. 22896]). •Valid as Hemiulis nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kuiter 2010:266 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:116 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1997:520 [ref. 25919], Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:628 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:268 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:39 [ref. 25847], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:207 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:113 [ref. 25868], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S115 [ref. 27377], Barber & Bellwood 2005:249 [ref. 35318], Allen et al. 2006:1393 [ref. 29095], Satapoomin 2009:225 [ref. 30463], Randall & Allen 2010:286 [ref. 30980], Allen & Erdmann 2012:679 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:266 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:166 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:132 [ref. 33932], Psomadakis et al. 2015:299 [ref. 34104], Fricke et al. 2018:284 [ref. 35805], Satapoomin in Kimura et al. 2018:232 [ref. 36460], Eagderi et al. 2019:72 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:89 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, East Africa, Socotra, Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to Indonesia, north to Taiwan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

notophthalmus, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1847:158 [Natuur-en Geneeskundig Archief voor Neȇrlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 314] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Possible syntype: BMNH 1862.2.28.130 (1). Also in Bleeker 1847:20 [ref. 317]. •Synonym of Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacepède 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

notophthalmus, Tautoga Bleeker [P.] 1856:53 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 1 (6); ref. 352] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1864.5.15.9. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied in Halichoeres by Julis notophthalmus Bleeker 1847. •Synonym of Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacepède 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

notopsis, Julis Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:485 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Lectotype: MNHN A-9127. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-9128 (1); RMNH 2195-97 (2, 2, 2). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:63-64 [ref. 19171]. Lectotype established in Bauchot 1963:63 [ref. 19171]. •Synonym of Halichoeres marginatus Rüppell 1835 -- (Randall 1986:695 [ref. 5706], Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres marginatus Rüppell 1835. Labridae. Habitat: marine.

notospilus, Pseudojulis Günther [A.] 1864:26 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1864 (pt 1) (art. 4) (for 26 Jan. 1864); ref. 5752] Pacific coast of Panama. Syntypes: BMNH 1863.12.16.49-54 (6?), ZMB 5423 (1). Also appeared in Günther 1864:230 [ref. 1976]. •Valid as Iridio notospilus (Günther 1864) -- (Kuiter 2010:220 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres notospilus (Günther 1864) -- (Allen & Robertson 1992:47 [ref. 19541], Allen & Robertson 1994:202 [ref. 22193], Gomon in Fischer et al. 1995:1216 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:198 [ref. 24545] as nostopilus, Grove & Lavenberg 1997:494 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:333 [ref. 24555], Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943], Thomson et al. 2000:180 [ref. 25640], Victor et al. 2001:282 [ref. 25613], Baldwin & McCosker 2001:93 [ref. 25779], Nelson et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27807], Rocha et al. 2010:26 [ref. 30767], Barber & Bellwood 2005:249 [ref. 35318], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32708], Angulo et al. 2013:1006 [ref. 33194], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:148 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:448 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:610 [ref. 34923], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725], González-Murcia et al. 2019:301 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres notospilus (Günther 1864). Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

nudigena, Labrichthys De Vis [C. W.] 1885:881 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 4); ref. 1091] Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.141. •Synonym of Halichoeres hartzfeldii (Bleeker 1852) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943], Allen et al. 2006:1390 [ref. 29095]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres hartzfeldii (Bleeker 1852). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

opalina, Julis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:392 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Martinique Island, West Indies. Syntypes: MNHN A-9129 (1), 1986-0566 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:64 [ref. 19171] as holotype and paratype. •Synonym of Halichoeres radiatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943], Rocha & Rosa 2001:164 [ref. 25881]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres radiatus (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

opercularis, Platyglossus Günther [A.] 1862:148 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 4; ref. 1969] Fiji Islands; Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1856.9.4.109-110 (2), 1858.4.21.65 (1). •Synonym of Halichoeres margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

orientalis, Halichoeres Randall [J. E.] 1999:295, Figs. 1-5 [Zoological Studies v. 38 (no. 3); ref. 24158] Off east side of Sesoki Island, Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, depth meters. Holotype: URM-P 5980. Paratypes: ASIZP 59817 (1); BMNH 1998.11.9.1 (1); BPBM 22329 (1), 35137 (1); URM-P 335 (1), 18508 (1); USNM 350960 (2). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:50 [ref. 31432]. Not included in Parenti & Randall 2000 [ref. 24943]. •Valid as Biochoeres orientalis (Randall 1999) -- (Kuiter 2010:288 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres orientalis Randall 1999 -- (Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:628 [ref. 25122] with author as Randall & Cornish, Nakabo 2000:996 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:996 [ref. 26193], Randall 2005:414 [ref. 28239], Randall 2007:338 [ref. 30952], Motomura et al. 2010:166 [ref. 31256], Parenti & Randall 2011:34 [ref. 31299], Ho & Shao 2011:50 [ref. 31432], Koeda et al. 2016:76 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres orientalis Randall 1999. Labridae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

ornatissimus, Julis Garrett [A.] 1863:63 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1) v. 3; ref. 13928] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Neotype: CAS-SU 6131. Randall & Rocha 2009:709 [ref. 30520] designate the holotype of H. iridescens Jenkins 1901 as the neotype of Julis ornatissimus Garrett 1863, making iridescens Jenkins an objective synonym of H. ornatissimus (Garrett 1883). The unique holotype of ornatissimus was lost. •Valid as Biochoeres ornatissimus (Garrett 1863) -- (Kuiter 2010:288 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres ornatissimus (Garrett 1863) -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:208 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:320 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:190 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:320 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:199 [ref. 23965], Randall 1999:299 [ref. 24158], Allen 2000:91 [ref. 37268], Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:629 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:360 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:17 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:268 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:39 [ref. 25847], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:635 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:74 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:22 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:414 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:439 [ref. 28379], Barber & Bellwood 2005:250 [ref. 35318], Allen et al. 2006:1393 [ref. 29095], Randall 2007:338 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres ornatissimus (Garrett 1863). Labridae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll and Hawaiian Islands [ref. 30520]. Habitat: marine.

pagenstecheri, Platyglossus (Guentheria) Kossmann [R.] & Räuber [H.] 1877:407, Pl. 3 (fig. 5) [Verhandlungen des Naturhistorisch-Medizinischen Vereins zu Heidelberg. v. 1; ref. 18432] Red Sea. Syntypes: (2). Also appeared in Kossmann & Räuber 1877:25, Pisces Pl. 1 (fig. 5) [ref. 14246]. •Synonym of Halichoeres scapularis (Bennett 1832) -- (Dor 1984:203 [ref. 29757] as pagenstacheri, Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943], Golani & Fricke 2018:125 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres scapularis (Bennett 1832). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

pallidus, Halichoeres Kuiter [R. H.] & Randall [J. E.] 1995:116, Figs. 13-16 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 21 (no. 3/4) [for 1994]; ref. 21618] Steep slope, Gunung Api Island, 6°38'S, 126°40'E, Indonesia, depth 160 feet. Holotype: BPBM 31488. Paratypes: BPBM 31896 (1); NMV A14177 (1); USNM 329441 (1) •Valid as Biochoeres pallidus (Kuiter & Randall 1995) -- (Kuiter 2010:291 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres pallidus Kuiter & Randall 1995 -- (Myers 1999:199 [ref. 23965], Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:415 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2012:680 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:133 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres pallidus Kuiter & Randall 1995. Labridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Eastern Indonesia, Palau, Phoenix Islands and Line Islands. Habitat: marine.

papilionaceus, Julis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:484 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific. Syntypes: MNHN A-9122 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:64-65 [ref. 19171]. •Synonym of Hemiulis schwarzii (Bleeker 1847) -- (Kuiter 2010:261 [ref. 35285] with question). •Valid as Halichoeres papilionaceus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Myers 1999:199 [ref. 23965], Randall 1999:227 [ref. 24046], Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:629 [ref. 25122], Matsuura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:275 [ref. 27511], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:151 [ref. 27510], Barber & Bellwood 2005:250[ref. 35318], Allen & Erdmann 2012:680 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:133 [ref. 33932] published in 1840). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres papilionaceus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Philippines, Palau, Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

pardaleocephalus, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1849:8 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [7]; ref. 321] Boleling, northern Bali, Indonesia. Possible type: BMNH 1862.2.28.123. •Valid as Hemiulis pardaleocephala (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kuiter 2010:259 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres pardaleocephalus (Bleeker 1849) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S115 [ref. 27377], Allen & Erdmann 2012:681 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres pardaleocephalus (Bleeker 1849). Labridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Southern India and Indonesia (Sumatra to BaIi). Habitat: marine.

patatus, Julis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:398 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Martinique Island, West Indies. Holotype: MNHN A-8295 (dry). Additional material: MNHN A-8296 (1, dry), A-8297 (1, dry), A-8298 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:65 [ref. 19171] as holotype and with paratypes of varieties. •Synonym of Halichoeres radiatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943], Rocha & Rosa 2001:164 [ref. 25881]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres radiatus (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

pavoninus, Julis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:483 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:74 [ref. 19171]. Based on Renard figure. •An unidentifiable Halichoeres -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:62 [ref. 24943]). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

pelicieri, Halichoeres Randall [J. E.] & Smith [M. M.] 1982:(3) 12, Pls. 5 (figs. C-D), 6 (figs. A-B) [Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology No. 45; ref. 9112] Cannonier's Point, Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 20 meters. Holotype: BPBM 17349. Paratypes: BMNH 1980.5.20.3 (1); BPBM 22908 (1), 22917 (1), 24765 (2); CAS [ex BPBM 21627]; SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 457 (1); USNM 222296 (1). •Valid as Halichoeres pelicieri Randall & Smith 1982 -- (Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:xii [ref. 21953], Fricke 1999:417 [ref. 24106], Kuiter 2010:254 [ref. 35285], Wickel et al. 2016:33 [ref. 34380], Victor 2016:16 [ref. 34530]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres pelicieri Randall & Smith 1982. Labridae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Mauritius and Réunion Island. Habitat: marine.

penrosei, Halichoeres Starks [E. C.] 1913:59, Pl. 7 [Leland Stanford Jr. University Publications, University Series; ref. 4197] Tide pool at Natal, Brazil. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 22211. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:85 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Halichoeres maculipinna (Müller & Troschel 1848) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943]). •Valid as 'Iridio' penrosei (Starks 1913) -- (Kuiter 2010:212 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres penrosei Starks 1913 -- (Rocha 2004:778 [ref. 27980], Luiz et al. 2009:37 [ref. 30311], Rocha et al. 2010:28 [ref. 30767], Parenti & Randall 2011:34 [ref. 31299], Pinheiro et al. 2015:25 [ref. 34324], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres penrosei Starks 1913. Labridae. Distribution: Brazil, including Trindade Island. Habitat: marine.

phaiopus, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1853:291 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12580] Cauer, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Halichoeres marginatus Rüppell 1835 -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres marginatus Rüppell 1835. Labridae. Habitat: marine.

phaiotaenia, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1855:322 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 8 (no. 2); ref. 348] Batu Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1862.2.28.84 (1). •Synonym of Halichoeres scapularis (Bennett 1832) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres scapularis (Bennett 1832). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

pictus, Julis Poey [F.] 1860:214 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Havana, Cuba. No types known. •Valid as Iridio pictus (Poey 1860) -- (Kuiter 2010:217 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres pictus (Poey 1860) -- (Robins & Ray 1986204 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1992:347 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:417 [ref. 24474], Aguilera 1998:51 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:294 [ref. 25013], Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:164 [ref. 27754], Randall & Lobel 2003:129 [ref. 26689], Collette et al. 2003:116 [ref. 26784], Westneat 2003:1713 [ref. 27105], Smith et al. 2003:43 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:519 [ref. 28815], Barber & Bellwood 2005:250 [ref. 35318], Weaver & Rocha 2007:803 [ref. 29437], Lobel et al. 2009:171 [ref. 30071], Rocha et al. 2010:28 [ref. 30767], Page et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:63 [ref. 33341], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725], Robertson et al. 2020:157 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres pictus (Poey 1860). Labridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

podostigma, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1854:332 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 343] Larantuka, Flores Island, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (4) ?BMNH 1862.2.28.102 (1), ?NMV 46180 (1). •Valid as Hemicoris podostigma (Bleeker 1854) -- (Kuiter 2010:306 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres podostigma (Bleeker 1854) -- (Allen 1997:190 [ref. 23977], Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943], Allen 2000:113 [ref. 25868], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Barber & Bellwood 2005:250 [ref. 35318], Allen & Erdmann 2012:681 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres podostigma (Bleeker 1854). Labridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Sabah and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

poecila, Julis Lay [G. T.] & Bennett [E. T.] 1839:66, Pl. 19 (fig. 1) [The zoology of Captain Beechey's voyage; ref. 2730] Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype (unique): not preserved. Based on a drawing by Mr. Smyth. •Synonym of Halichoeres margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

poeyi, Platyglossus Steindachner [F.] 1867:355 [49] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 56 (1. Abth.); ref. 14188] Suriname. Holotype (unique): NMW 18922. On p. 49 of separate. •Valid as Iridio poeyi (Steindachner 1867) -- (Kuiter 2010:218 [ref. 35285] with authorship as Bloch 1791). •Valid as Halichoeres poeyi (Steindachner 1867) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:205 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:155 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:347 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:418 [ref. 24474], Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:164 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1645 [ref. 25634], Rocha & Rosa 2001:991 [ref. 25909], Westneat 2003:1714 [ref. 27105], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:92 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:44 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:520 [ref. 28815], Barber & Bellwood 2005:250 [ref. 35318], Luiz et al. 2009:37 [ref. 30311], Rocha et al. 2010:26 [ref. 30767], Page et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:180 [ref. 32953], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:63 [ref. 33341], Pinheiro et al. 2015:25 [ref. 34324], Robertson et al. 2016:147 [ref. 34961], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725], Spier et al. 2018:17 [ref. 36103], Robertson et al. 2020:157 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres poeyi (Steindachner 1867). Labridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

polyophthalmus, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1853:731 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 5); ref. 16829] Lepar Island, Bangka at Cauer, western Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) SMNS 10607 (2). Type catalog: Fricke 1991:16 [ref. 13474], Fricke 2005:44 [ref. 29864]. •Synonym of Halichoeres argus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:19 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres argus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

principis, Julis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:402 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] Bahia, Brazil. Holotype: MNHN A-9135. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:65 [ref. 19171]. •Synonym of Halichoeres radiatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943]). •Synonym of Halichoeres brasiliensis (Bloch 1791) -- (Rocha & Rosa 2001:162 [ref. 25881], Parenti & Randall 2011:34 [ref. 31299]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres brasiliensis (Bloch 1791). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

prosopeion, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1853:347 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 5117] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6599. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1862.2.28.82 (1). •Valid as Julichoeres prosopeion (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kuiter 2010:298 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres prosopeion (Bleeker 1853) -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:208 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:320 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:281 [ref. 23929], Allen 1997:190 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:320 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:199 [ref. 23965], Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:629 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:993 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:360 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:113 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:268 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:39 [ref. 25847], Westneat 2001:3437 [ref. 26277] dated 1851, Nakabo 2002:993 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:635 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:151 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:22 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:124 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:415 [ref. 28239], Barber & Bellwood 2005:250 [ref. 35318], Allen et al. 2006:1393 [ref. 29095], Motomura et al. 2010:166 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:682 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:133 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:76 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2019:231 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres prosopeion (Bleeker 1853). Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Indonesia east to Samoa, north to Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

pseudogramma, Platyglossus Cartier [O.] 1874:103 [Verhandlungen der Physikalisch-medizinischen Gesellschaft zu Würzburg, N. S. v. 5; ref. 17974] Ubay, Bohol Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Halichoeres bicolor (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:19 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres bicolor (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

pseudominiatus, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1856:62 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 1; ref. 311] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia; Manado, northern Sulawesi Kupang, Timor, western Timor; Priaman, western Sumatra. Syntypes: (7) BMNH 1864.5.15.39 (1), RMNH 6591 (?). •Synonym of Halichoeres nebulosus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres nebulosus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

psittaculus, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:452, 522, Pl. 16 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] America [Martinique Island, West Indies]. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:94 [ref. 19171]. •Synonym of Halichoeres bivittatus (Bloch 1791) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres bivittatus (Bloch 1791). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

punctulatus, Julis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:483 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 13; ref. 1007] No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:74 [ref. 19171]. Based on Renard fol. 21, no. 115. •Synonym of Halichoeres argus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:19 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres argus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

purpurescens, Labrus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:262 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] No locality. No types known. •Synonym of Hemiulis leucura (Walbaum 1792) -- (Kuiter 2010:269 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres purpurescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Allen 1997:190 [ref. 23977], Allen 2000:113 [ref. 25868], Nakabo 2000:995 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:269 [ref. 25841], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277], Nakabo 2002:995 [ref. 26193]). •Synonym of Halichoeres leucurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943], Allen et al. 2006:1391 [ref. 29095]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres leucurus (Walbaum 1792). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

radiatus, Labrus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:288 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Bahamas. No types known. Based on Turdus oculo-radiato Catesby, Hist. Nat. Carolin. 2, 1743, 12, pl. 12 (fig. 1). •Valid as Iridio radiatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kuiter 2010:214 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres radiatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:205 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:155 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:346 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:419 [ref. 24474], Aguilera 1998:51 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:294 [ref. 25013], Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:164 [ref. 27754], Rocha & Rosa 2001:161 [ref. 25881], Collette et al. 2003:116 [ref. 26784], Feitoza et al. 2003:69 [ref. 26943], Westneat 2003:1715 [ref. 27105], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:92 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:44 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:521 [ref. 28815], Barber & Bellwood 2005:250 [ref. 35318], Vaske et al. 2005:77 [ref. 36155], Luiz et al. 2009:37 [ref. 30311], Rocha et al. 2010:28 [ref. 30767], Page et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:63 [ref. 33341], Robertson et al. 2016:147 [ref. 34961], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725], Robertson et al. 2020:157 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres radiatus (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

raisneri, Halichoeres Baldwin [C. C.] & McCosker [J. E.] 2001:93, Figs. 4-5 [Revista de Biología Tropical v. 49 (Suppl. 1); ref. 25779] Southwestern Wolf Island, Galápagos Islands, 01°23.2'N, 91°48.6'W, depth 115 meters. Holotype: USNM 357795. Paratypes: CAS 209810 (2). •Valid as Iridio inornatus (Baldwin & McCosker 2001) -- (Kuiter 2010:223 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres raisneri Baldwin & McCosker 2001 -- (McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957], Parenti & Randall 2011:34 [ref. 31299]). •Synonym of Sagittalarva inornatus (Gilbert 1890) -- (Victor et al. 2013:560 [ref. 32724]). •Synonym of Halichoeres inornatus (Gilbert 1890). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres inornatus (Gilbert 1890). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

ransonneti, Platyglossus Steindachner [F.] 1870:567 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 60 (1. Abth.) (no. 3); ref. 18770] Singapore. Holotype (unique): NMW 28226. •Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

reichei, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1857:43 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 3 (art. 9); ref. 359] Trussan, western Sumatra, Indonesia; Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia; Kajeli, Buro Island, Indonesia. Syntypes: (6) BMNH 1862.2.28.101 (1), ?NMV A2057 (1). •Synonym of Halichoeres nebulosus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres nebulosus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

reticulatus, Platyglossus Cartier [O.] 1874:104 [Verhandlungen der Physikalisch-medizinischen Gesellschaft zu Würzburg, N. S. v. 5; ref. 17974] Cebu, Philippines. Syntypes: (2) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Halichoeres argus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:19 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres argus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

richmondi, Halichoeres Fowler [H. W.] & Bean [B. A.] 1928:263, Pl. 24 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 7; ref. 1475] Inamucan Bay, Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 89971. Paratypes: USNM 93525 (1). Additional material: USNM 16233 (1). •Synonym of Halichoeres leucurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Allen 1997:190 [ref. 23977]). •Valid as Hemiulis richmondi (Fowler & Bean 1928) -- (Kuiter 2010:268 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres richmondi Fowler & Bean 1928 -- (Sano 1988:504 [ref. 22499], Myers 1999:199 [ref. 23965], Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:629 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:996 [ref. 25182], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277], Nakabo 2002:996 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Barber & Bellwood 2005:250 [ref. 35318], Motomura et al. 2010:167 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:682 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:133 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:76 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2019:231 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres richmondi Fowler & Bean 1928. Labridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Marshall Islands and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

roseus, Platyglossus Day [F.] 1888:264 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1888 (pt 3) (art. 4) (for 1 May 1888); ref. 14480] Karachi, Pakistan. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: BMNH 1889.2.1.3968 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762]. •Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

rubricephalus, Halichoeres Kuiter [R. H.] & Randall [J. E.] 1995:113, Figs. 9-12 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 21 (no. 3/4) [for 1994]; ref. 21618] Wair Bleler reef, Flores, Indonesia, 8°36'10"S, 122°25'30"E, depth 30 meters. Holotype: BPBM 32237. Paratypes: BPBM 32094 (1), NMV A5790 (1). •Valid as Hemiulis rubricephala (Kuiter & Randall 1995) -- (Kuiter 2010:267 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres rubricephalus Kuiter & Randall 1995 -- (Allen 1997:190 [ref. 23977], Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:683 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres rubricephalus Kuiter & Randall 1995. Labridae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

rubrovirens, Halichoeres Rocha [L. A.], Pinheiro [H. T.] & Gasparini [J. L.] 2010:23, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 2422; ref. 30767] Calhetas Reef, 20°30'18"S, 29°18'30"W, Trindade Island, Brazil, depth 12 meters. Holotype: CIUFES 1470. Paratypes: many at CIUFES, MZUSP, UF and USNM. •Valid as Halichoeres rubrovirens Rocha, Pinheiro & Gasparini 2010 -- (Parenti & Randall 2011:34 [ref. 31299], Pinheiro et al. 2015:25 [ref. 34324], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres rubrovirens Rocha, Pinheiro & Gasparini 2010. Labridae. Distribution: Brazil. Habitat: marine.

ruptus, Julis Poey [F.] 1860:212, Pl. 13 (fig. 20) [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Holotype: ?MCZ 14284. Poey specimens: MCZ 14283 (1), 14285 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:210 [ref. 22926] with MCZ 14284 as holotype. •Synonym of Halichoeres garnoti (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres garnoti (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

salmofasciatus, Halichoeres Allen [G. R.] & Robertson [D. R.] 2002:67, Figs. 1-3 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 5 (no. 2); ref. 26621] Chatham Bay, Isla del Coco, Costa Rica, about 50°33'N, 87°03'W. Holotype: USNM 350110. Paratypes: UCR 2517-1 (16), USNM 350111 (6). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:376 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Iridio salmofasciatus (Allen & Robertson 2002) -- (Kuiter 2010:221 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres salmofasciatus Allen & Robertson 2002 -- (Parenti & Randall 2011:34 [ref. 31299], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres salmofasciatus Allen & Robertson 2002. Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Isla del Coco. Habitat: marine.

sazimai, Halichoeres Luiz [O. J., Jr.], Ferreira [C. E. L.] & Rocha [L. A.] 2009:38, Figs. 1, 2C-D, 3A-B, 4-6 [Zootaxa No. 2092; ref. 30311] Ilha de Cabo Frio, Arraial do Cabo, Rio de Janeiro State, southeastern Brazil, 23°44'S, 42°00'W, depth 23 meters. Holotype: ZUEC 6323. Paratypes: MZUSP 6324 (2); UF 171285 (1), 172665 (1); ZUEC 6324 (1). •Valid as Iridio sazimai (Luiz, Ferreira & Rocha 2009) -- (Kuiter 2010:216 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres sazimai Luiz, Ferreira & Rocha 2009 -- (Parenti & Randall 2011:34 [ref. 31299]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres sazimai Luiz, Ferreira & Rocha 2009. Labridae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: coasts of Brazil. Habitat: marine.

scapularis, Julis Bennett [E. T.] 1832:167 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 4944] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1852.9.13.86. •Valid as Hemitautoga scapularis (Bennett 1832) -- (Kuiter 2010:300 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres scapularis (Bennett 1832) -- (Dor 1984:203 [ref. 29757], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:208 [ref. 6441], Randall 1986:696 [ref. 5706], Winterbottom et al. 1989:54 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:321 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:54 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:281 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:482 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:190 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:286 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:321 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:199 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:418 [ref. 24106], Allen 2000:91 [ref. 37268], Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:629 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:992 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:113 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:269 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:39 [ref. 25847], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277] dated 1831, Nakabo 2002:992 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830] dated 1831, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S115 [ref. 27377], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:152 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:124 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3326 [ref. 27945], Barber & Bellwood 2005:250 [ref. 35318], Allen et al. 2006:1393 [ref. 29095], Satapoomin 2009:225 [ref. 30463], Motomura et al. 2010:167 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:683 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:266 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:133 [ref. 33932], Victor 2016:17 [ref. 34530], Fricke et al. 2018:284 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:125 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:19 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:231 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:90 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres scapularis (Bennett 1832). Labridae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

schwarzii, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1847:159 [Natuur-en Geneeskundig Archief voor Neȇrlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 314] Sumanap, eastern Madura, Indonesia. Possible syntypes and/or Bleeker specimens: AMS B.8074 [from Day] (1) Malay; BMNH 1862.2.28.50 (1), 1862.2.28.77 (1); NMV 46460-61 (2); RMNH 24085 (4 of many). Also in Bleeker 1849:7 [ref. 321]. •Valid as Hemiulis schwarzii (Bleeker 1847) -- (Kuiter 2010:261 [ref. 35285] as schwartzii). •Valid as Halichoeres schwarzii (Bleeker 1847) -- (Allen 1997:190 [ref. 23977] as schwartzi, Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277] as schwarzi dated 1849). •Synonym of Halichoeres papilionaceus (Valenciennes 1839) -- (Randall 1999:227 [ref. 24046], Parenti & Randall 2000:23 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:629 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:113 [ref. 25868]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres papilionaceus (Valenciennes 1839). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

sellifer, Halichoeres Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:67 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Clarion Island, Revillagigedo Islands, off western Mexico. Holotype (unique): USNM 46938. •Synonym of Halichoeres nicholsi (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Bussing 1987:96 [ref. 21800], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:493 [ref. 24023], Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres nicholsi (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

semicinctus, Julis Ayres [W. O.] 1859:32 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1) v. 2 (1858-1862); ref. 155] Cedros Island, Baja California, Mexico. Holotype (unique): CAS (lost in 1906). •Valid as Iridio semicinctus (Ayres 1859) -- (Kuiter 2010:222 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres semicinctus (Ayres 1859) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:236 [ref. 9277], Allen & Robertson 1994:203 [ref. 22193], Gomon in Fischer et al. 1995:1217 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:199 [ref. 24545], Fuller et al. 1999:456 [ref. 25838], Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943], Lea & Rosenblatt 2000:125 [ref. 25206], Thomson et al. 2000:174 [ref. 25640], Allen & Groce 2001:131 [ref. 25750], Richards & Engle 2001:182 [ref. 25759], Bernardi et al. 2004:372 [ref. 27454], Nelson et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27807], Barber & Bellwood 2005:250 [ref. 35318], Page et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:461 [ref. 34668] doubtful from Revillagigedo Archipelago (Mexico), Kells et al. 2016:264 [ref. 35888], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres semicinctus (Ayres 1859). Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

semidecorata, Julis Lesson [R. P.] 1828:403 [Mémoires de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle Paris (sér. 2) v. 4; ref. 2775] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN A-9118 (1), A-9119 (1) [Bauchot's holotype]. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:67-68 [ref. 19171] as holotype and paratype. Spelled semi-decorata originally. •Synonym of Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Fricke 1999:413 [ref. 24106] as hortulans, Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacepède 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

signifer, Halichoeres Randall [J. E.] & Earle [J. L.] 1994:292, Pls. 5-7 [Fauna of Saudi Arabia v. 14; ref. 21642] East side of Masirah Island, central coast of Oman, Arabian Sea, depth 12 meters. Holotype: BPBM 36162. Paratypes: BMNH 1994.4.11.3 (1); BPBM 36176 (2), 36313 (2); CAS 81378 (1); SMF 27033 (1); USNM 329427 (1). •Valid as Julichoeres signifer (Randall & Earle 1994) -- (Kuiter 2010:297 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres signifer Randall & Earle 1994 -- (Randall 1995:282 [ref. 22896], Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S115 [ref. 27377]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres signifer Randall & Earle 1994. Labridae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

similis, Iridio Nichols [J. T.] 1920:61 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 33; ref. 3173] Bermuda. Holotype (unique): AMNH 7312. •Synonym of Halichoeres maculipinna (Müller & Troschel 1848) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:293 [ref. 25013], Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres maculipinna (Müller & Troschel 1848). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

socialis, Halichoeres Randall [J. E.] & Lobel [P. S.] 2003:125, Figs. 1-3 [Copeia 2003 (no. 1); ref. 26689] Tunicate Cove, Pelican Cays, about 16°40'N, 88°10'E, Belize, depth 1-5 meters. Holotype: USNM 352584. Paratypes: BMNH 1999.1.14.4-13 (10); BPBM 37441 (1), 38545 (9); CAS 204430 (10); MNHN 1999-61 (10); USNM 352855 (9). •Valid as Iridio socialis (Randall & Lobel 2003) -- (Kuiter 2010:217 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres socialis Randall & Lobel 2003 -- (Barber & Bellwood 2005:250 [ref. 35318], Weaver & Rocha 2007:803 [ref. 29437], Lobel et al. 2009:171 [ref. 30071], Rocha et al. 2010:28 [ref. 30767], Parenti & Randall 2011:35 [ref. 31299], Lobel & Lobel 2011:50 [ref. 31774], Wainwright et al. 2017:37 [ref. 35725]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres socialis Randall & Lobel 2003. Labridae. Distribution: Off Belize, western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

solorensis, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1853:86 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 16911] Lawajong, Solor Island, Indonesia. Holotype (unique) (?): BMNH 1864.5.15.16. •Valid as Julichoeres solorensis (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kuiter 2010:295 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres solorensis (Bleeker 1853) -- (Allen 1997:190 [ref. 23977], Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Barber & Bellwood 2005:250 [ref. 35318], Randall & Allen 2010:288 [ref. 30980], Allen & Erdmann 2012:684 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:134 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres solorensis (Bleeker 1853). Labridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: eastern Indonesia, east to the Philippines and New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

spilurus, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1851:252 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 331] Banda Neira, Banda Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (3). •Synonym of Halichoeres trimaculatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1834) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:25 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres trimaculatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1834). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

stictus, Halichoeres Fowler [H. W.] 1944:336, Figs. 230-231 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] James Bay, James Island [San Salvador Island], Galápagos Islands. Holotype: ANSP 70256. Paratypes: ANSP 70257-59 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:118 [ref. 13621]. Heading misprinted as Halichoerest stictus on p. 336. •Synonym of Halichoeres nicholsi (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Bussing 1987:96 [ref. 21800] with question, Grove & Lavenberg 1997:494 [ref. 24023], Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres nicholsi (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

stigmasepia, Halichoeres Fowler [H. W.] 1944:336, Fig. 228 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] Post Office Bay, Santa María Island [Charles Island], Galápagos Islands. Holotype: ANSP 70253 [not 70053]. Paratypes: ANSP 70254-55 [not 70054-55] (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:118 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Halichoeres nicholsi (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Bussing 1987:96 [ref. 21800] with question, Grove & Lavenberg 1997:494 [ref. 24023], Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres nicholsi (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

stigmaticus, Halichoeres Randall [J. E.] & Smith [M. M.] 1982:(3) 7, Pl. 3 (figs. A-B) [Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology No. 45; ref. 9112] About 4 miles east of Muharrak Island, Bahrain, Persian Gulf, depth 12 meters. Holotype: BPBM 21241. Paratypes: ANSP 144093 (1); BMNH 1980.5.20.4 (1); BPBM 20976-77 (2, 3), 21250 (4), 21314 (1), 22957 (3); CAS 46031 (1); MNHN 1980-1305 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 444 (1); USNM 221541 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:118 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Julichoeres stigmaticus (Randall & Smith 1982) -- (Kuiter 2010:297 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres stigmaticus Randall & Smith 1982 -- (Randall 1995:282 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:198 [ref. 23922], Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S115 [ref. 27377], Eagderi et al. 2019:73 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:90 [ref. 36871] as cf. stigmaticus). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres stigmaticus Randall & Smith 1982. Labridae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman. Habitat: marine.

temminckii, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1853:491 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 336] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: (3, whereabouts unknown). Bleeker specimen BMNH 1862.2.28.81 not part of the type series. •Synonym of Halichoeres leucurus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943] as temmincki). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres leucurus (Walbaum 1792). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

tenuispinis, Platyglossus Günther [A.] 1862:161 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 4; ref. 1969] Seas of China. Syntypes: BMNH 1851.12.27.168 and 1855.9.19.1001 (3, in one bottle). •Valid as Julichoeres tenuispinis (Günther 1862) -- (Kuiter 2010:296 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres tenuispinis (Günther 1862) [sometimes as tenuispinnis] -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:209 [ref. 6441], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1985:529, 698 [ref. 8056], Lee & Kim 1996:39 [ref. 25726] as tenuispinnis, Randall 1999:226 [ref. 24046], Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:629 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:993 [ref. 25182] as tenuispinnis, Sadovy & Cornish 2000:208 [ref. 25480], Shimizu 2001:35 [ref. 25799] as tenuispinnis, Nakabo 2002:993 [ref. 26193] as tenuispinnis, Choi et al. 2003:368, 636 [ref. 26218] as tenuispinnis, Kwun et al. 2017:142 [ref. 37287], Sonoyama et al. 2020:86 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres tenuispinis (Günther 1862). Labridae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

timorensis, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1852:171 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 16835] Kupang, Timor Island, southern Malay Archipelago. Holotype (?): BMNH 1864.5.15.40. •Valid as Hemiulis timorensis (Bleeker 1852) -- (Kuiter 2010:263 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres timorensis (Bleeker 1852) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:629 [ref. 25122], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Satapoomin 2009:225 [ref. 30463], Allen & Erdmann 2012:684 [ref. 31980], Psomadakis et al. 2020:526 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres timorensis (Bleeker 1852). Labridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Maldives, Sri Lanka and Myanmar east to Indonesia and New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

torquatus, Halichoeres irideus Parr [A. E.] 1930:84, Fig. 20 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 4); ref. 3370] Rum Cay, Bahamas. Holotype (unique): YPM 2613. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:14 [ref. 16741]. •Synonym of Halichoeres radiatus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943], Rocha & Rosa 2001:164 [ref. 25881]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres radiatus (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

tremebundus, Halichoeres Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1902:639, Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 24 (no. 1266); ref. 2514] Hiroshima, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 6853. Paratypes: CAS-SU 7032-33 (3, 2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:85 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Julichoeres tenuispinis (Günther 1862) -- (Kuiter 2010:296 [ref. 35285]). •Synonym of Halichoeres bleekeri (Steindachner & Döderlein 1887) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:20 [ref. 24943]). •Synonym of Halichoeres tenuispinnis (Günther 1862) -- (Choi et al. 2003:636 [ref. 26218] as trembundus). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres bleekeri (Steindachner & Döderlein 1887). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

trimaculata, Julis Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1834:705, Pl. 20 (fig. 2) [Voyage de découvertes de "l'Astrolabe" Zoologie, v. 3 (Pt 2); ref. 3573] Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific. Syntypes: MNHN A-9126 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:70-71 [ref. 19171]. Also appeared in Griffith & Smith 1834:Pl. 45 (fig. 2) (opp. p. 254) [ref. 1908]. As Julis trimaculatus in Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839:452 [ref. 1007]; not Julis trimaculata of Valenciennes p. 386. •Valid as Hemitautoga trimaculata (Quoy & Gaimard 1834) -- (Kuiter 2010:301 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres trimaculatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1834) -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:208 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:116 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:321 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:165 [ref. 25479], Allen 1997:188 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:136 [ref. 26476] dated 1830, Kuiter 1997:288 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:321 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:199 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:744 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:21 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:91 [ref. 37268], Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:629 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:992 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:360 [ref. 25191], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:103 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:269 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:39 [ref. 25847], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277], Nakabo 2002:992 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:635 [ref. 27495] dated 1824, Lobel & Lobel 2004:74 [ref. 27576] dated 1824, Randall et al. 2004:22 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:415 [ref. 28239], Barber & Bellwood 2005:250 [ref. 35318], Allen et al. 2006:1394 [ref. 29095] dated to Cuvier 1834, Motomura et al. 2010:167 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:685 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:134 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:76 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:13 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2019:231 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres trimaculatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1834). Labridae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Christmas and Cocos-Keeling islands east to Line Islands and Tuamotu islands, north to Japan, south to Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

trispilus, Halichoeres Randall [J. E.] & Smith [M. M.] 1982:(3) 18, Pl. 8 (figs. A-B) [Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology No. 45; ref. 9112] Lagoon reef, Villingili Island, North Male Atoll, Maldives, western Indian Ocean, depth 30 meters. Holotype: BPBM 18882. Paratypes: BMNH 1980.5.20.5 (1), BPBM 16370 (1), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 446 (1), USNM 221543 (1). •Valid as Biochoeres trispilus (Randall & Smith 1982) -- (Kuiter 2010:291 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres trispilus Randall & Smith 1982 -- (Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:xii [ref. 21953], Kuiter & Randall 1995:118 [ref. 21618], Fricke 1999:419 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2000:25 [ref. 24943], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:685 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:266 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2018:285 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres trispilus Randall & Smith 1982. Labridae. Distribution: East Africa, Mozambique Channel, Seychelles, Madagascar, Mauritius (Mascarenes), Maldives, Chagos Archipelago to Andaman Sea and western Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

ubayensis, Platyglossus Cartier [O.] 1874:104 [Verhandlungen der Physikalisch-medizinischen Gesellschaft zu Würzburg, N. S. v. 5; ref. 17974] Ubay, Bohol, Philippines. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Halichoeres vrolikii (Bleeker 1855) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:25 [ref. 24943], Kottelat 2013:379 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres vrolikii (Bleeker 1855). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

venustus, Pseudojulis Jenkins [O. P.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1889:145 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 11 (no. 698); ref. 2342] Guaymas, Sonora, western Mexico. Holotype: USNM 39631. Paratypes: (3) CAS 76943 [ex IU 7757] (1), CAS-SU 263 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:86 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Halichoeres semicinctus (Ayres 1859) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres semicinctus (Ayres 1859). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

vestalis, Guntheria Whitley [G. P.] 1958:37 [Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales v. for 1956-57; ref. 4728] Lady Musgrave Island, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.10839 [ex DHMB 1229]. Original genus should have been Guentheria •Synonym of Halichoeres trimaculatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1834) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:25 [ref. 24943], Allen et al. 2006:1394 [ref. 29095]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres trimaculatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1834). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

vicinus, Platyglossus Günther [A.] 1909:267, Pl. 142 (fig. C) [Journal des Museum Godeffroy v. 6 (no. 16); ref. 14377] Kingsmill Islands [= Gilbert Islands]. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Halichoeres trimaculatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1834) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:25 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres trimaculatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1834). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

virescens, Halichoeres Fourmanoir [P.] & Guézé [P.] 1961:13 [Publications de l'Institut de Recherche Scientifique de Madagascar.; ref. 19993] Pointe-des-Galets fish market, Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:416 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Synonym of Halichoeres marginatus Rüppell 1835 -- (Fricke 1999:416 [ref. 24106], Parenti & Randall 2000:22 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres marginatus Rüppell 1835. Labridae. Habitat: marine.

vrolikii, Julis (Halichoeres) Bleeker [P.] 1855:323 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 8 (no. 2); ref. 348] Batu Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (4) BMNH 1862.2.28.125 (1), ?NMV 45950 (1). Kottelat (2013) records an inland record for Vietnam. •Synonym of Platyglossus chrysotaenia (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kuiter 2010:272 [ref. 35285]). •Synonym of Halichoeres chrysotaenia (Bleeker 1853) -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:670 [ref. 31980]). •Valid as Halichoeres vrolikii (Bleeker 1855) -- (Myers 1999:198 [ref. 23965], Parenti & Randall 2000:25 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:629 [ref. 25122], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277], Satapoomin 2009:226 [ref. 30463], Kottelat 2013:379 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres vrolikii (Bleeker 1855). Labridae. Distribution: Indonesia to Philippines. Habitat: marine.

xanti, Platyglossus Károli [J.] 1882:174 [Természetrajzi Füzetek, Budapest v. 5 (no. 2) (for 1881); ref. 14295] Singapore. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Probable synonym of Halichoeres bicolor (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:628 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Biochoeres xanti (Károli 1882) -- (Kuiter 2010:290 [ref. 35285]). •Synonym of Halichoeres bicolor (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:19 [ref. 24943], Randall 2005:414 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres bicolor (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

zeylonicus, Julis Bennett [E. T.] 1833:183 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1832 (pt 2); ref. 16789] Sri Lanka. No types known. •Valid as Halichoeres zeylonicus (Bennett 1833) -- (Dor 1984:203 [ref. 29757], Randall et al. 1990:322 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:54 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:283 [ref. 22896], Parenti & Randall 2000:25 [ref. 24943], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:361 [ref. 25191], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Randall & Lobel 2003:124 [ref. 26689], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S115 [ref. 27377], Randall 2005:411 [ref. 28239], Kuiter 2010:253 [ref. 35285], Allen & Erdmann 2012:686 [ref. 31980], Victor 2016:16 [ref. 34530], To & Shea 2016:2 [ref. 34792], Fricke et al. 2018:285 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:125 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:73 [ref. 37020], Pradhan et al. 2019:247 [ref. 36919]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres zeylonicus (Bennett 1833). Labridae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indian Ocean: East Africa, Persian Gulf and Madagascar east to western Indonesia. IUCN (2010): LC. Habitat: marine.

ziczac, Pseudojulis De Vis [C. W.] 1885:882 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 4); ref. 1091] Murray Island, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.78. Misspelled zigzag in Zoological Record. •Synonym of Halichoeres scapularis (Bennett 1832) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943], Allen et al. 2006:1393 [ref. 29095]). Current status: Synonym of Halichoeres scapularis (Bennett 1832). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

zulu, Halichoeres Randall [J. E.] & King [D. R.] 2010:19, Fig. 1; Pl. 1A, G-J [Smithiana, Publications in Aquatic Biodiversity, Bulletin No. 11; ref. 30743] Off Umhlanga Rocks, 29°43'31.775"S, 31°05'23.02"E, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 1 meter. Holotype: SAIAB 83176. Paratypes: SAIAB 28252 (1), 43793 (1), 82005 (1). Plus photographs of specimens not captured. •Valid as Octocynodon zulu (Randall & King 2010) -- (Kuiter 2010:275 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres zulu Randall & King 2010 -- (Parenti & Randall 2011:35 [ref. 31299]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres zulu Randall & King 2010. Labridae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: eastern South Africa, expected in Mozambique. Habitat: marine.