Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Species in the genus Siganus: [ 88 ] records


abhortani, Amphacanthus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:143 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN A-1806 (1); MNHN 0000-9370 (1) is Siganus sutor; ?ZMB 1695 [ex MNHN] (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1965:571 [ref. 19223]. Types represent two species (Woodland 1990:32 [ref. 19220]). Lectotype not selected so this nominal species is listed under Siganus luridus (Rüppell 1829) and Siganus sutor (Valenciennes 1835). •Synonym of Siganus luridus (Rüppell 1829) -- (Fricke 1999:530 [ref. 24106], Fricke et al. 2018:349 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus luridus (Rüppell 1829). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

albopunctatus, Amphacanthus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1845:128, Pl. 68 (fig. 2) [Fauna Japonica Parts 7-9; ref. 4373] Nagasaki Bay, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D1097 (dry). Paralectotypes: RMNH D1098 (1, dry). Spelled albopunctatus in main account (p. 128), as albipunctatus in index (p. 319). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:112 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Siganus albopunctatus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Dor 1984:260 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:69 [ref. 25356]). •Synonym of Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Woodland 1990:55 [ref. 19220], Kottelat 2013:440 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

argenteus, Amphacanthus Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1825:368, Pl. 62 (fig. 3) [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Syntypes: MNHN A-7043 (4) Guam, MNHN A-7454 (9) and MNHN A-7455 (10) Mariana Is., and presumably RMNH 1536 (3) Mariana Is. Type catalog: Bauchot 1965:571 [ref. 19223]. See Okamoto et al. 2001:5 [ref. 25499], •Valid as Siganus argenteus (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Dor 1984:259 [ref. 29757], Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:232 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:435 [ref. 15987], Woodland 1990:38 [ref. 19220], Goren & Dor 1994:69 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:384 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:224 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:376 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:435 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:266 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:530 [ref. 24106], Randall 1999:29 [ref. 25829], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1315 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:440 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:263 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:122 [ref. 25868], Randall & Earle 2000:21 [ref. 25806], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:104 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:158 [ref. 26232], Woodland 2001:3632 [ref. 26300], Nakabo 2002:1315 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S120 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:646 [ref. 27495], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:197 [ref. 27510], Lobel & Lobel 2004:76 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3330 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:409 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:599 [ref. 28239], Randall & Kulbicki 2005:186 [ref. 28257], Fricke et al. 2009:105 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:225 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1007 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:179 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988], Koeda et al. 2016:98 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:16 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:348 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Siganus argenteus (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Siganidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Aldabra, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Wake Atoll and Pitcairn, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

aurantiacus, Amphacanthus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1845:128, Pl. 68 (fig. 2) [Fauna Japonica Parts 7-9; ref. 4373] Nagasaki Bay, Japan. No types known; based on a drawing and manuscript of Burger (Boeseman 1947:111 [ref. 12876]). •Synonym of Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Woodland 1990:55 [ref. 19220], Kottelat 2013:440 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

aurolineatus, Siganus Ogilby [J. D.] 1912:56 [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 1; ref. 14855] Somerset, northern Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.449. •Synonym of Siganus lineatus (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Woodland 1990:90 [ref. 19220], Allen et al. 2006:1725 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus lineatus (Valenciennes 1835). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

brevirostris, Teuthis Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:142 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Near Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: BMNH 1853.11.12.30 (skin). . Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:231 [ref. 13434] but as holotype. Lectotype selected by Kottelat (2013:441 [ref. 32989]); makes brevirostris a junior synonym of Siganus javus. •Synonym of Siganus javus (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Wheeler 1958:231 [ref. 13434], Dor 1984:260 [ref. 29757], Woodland 1990:67 [ref. 19220], Kottelat 2013:441 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus javus (Linnaeus 1766). Siganidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

brunneus, Buro Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803:421, 422 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 5; ref. 4930] No locality [possibly Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean]. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1965:576 [ref. 19223]. •Possibly a senior synonym of Siganus sutor (Valenciennes 1835) and if so the unused brunneus should be suppressed -- (Woodland 1990:47, 49 [ref. 19220]). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

calcaratus, Sparus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:31, 107 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 4; ref. 4929] L'Amerique meridionale et les grande Indes. Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:87 [ref. 20898] as calcareus. Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

canaliculatus, Chaetodon Park [M.] 1797:33 [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London v. 3 (art. 9); ref. 17801] Habitat in Sumatræ littore [Bengkulu Province, Sumatra, Indonesia, eastern Indian Ocean]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1863.11.12.17 (dry, right half skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1974:475 [ref. 31545]. •Valid as Siganus canaliculatus (Park 1797) -- (Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:233 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:138 [ref. 25477], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:544 [ref. 25598], Randall et al. 1990:437 [ref. 15987], Woodland 1990:51 [ref. 19220], Adams & Woodland 1994:373 [ref. 23562], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:298 [ref. 24014], Randall 1995:384 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:544 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:222 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:219 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:376 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:437 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:750 [ref. 25471], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:440 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:263 [ref. 25480], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:187 [ref. 25703], Allen 2000:122 [ref. 25868], Matsuura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:291 [ref. 27511], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:154 [ref. 26232], Woodland 2001:3633 [ref. 26300], Youn 2002:414, 668 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S120 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:44 [ref. 27712], Adrim et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27715], Allen et al. 2006:1724 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1007 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:212 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:440 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:198 [ref. 34464], Psomadakis et al. 2015:305 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:339 [ref. 36183], Jawad et al. 2018:121 [ref. 36262]). Current status: Valid as Siganus canaliculatus (Park 1797). Siganidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf east to Philippines, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

capricornensis, Siganus Whitley [G. P.] 1926:231, Pl. 34 [Australian Zoologist v. 4 (pt 4); ref. 15613] Coral Reef at North-west Islet, Capricorn Group, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.2589. •Synonym of Siganus punctatus (Schneider & Forster 1801) -- (Woodland 1990:73 [ref. 19220], Allen et al. 2006:1726 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus punctatus (Schneider & Forster 1801). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

chrysospilos, Amphacanthus Bleeker [P.] 1852:66 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 16832] Singapore. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6303. •Synonym of Siganus punctatus (Schneider & Forster 1801) -- (Randall et al. 1990:439 [ref. 15987], Woodland 1990:73 [ref. 19220], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:265 [ref. 25480], Woodland 2001:3642 [ref. 26300]). •Valid as Siganus chrysospilos (Bleeker 1852) -- (Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:233 [ref. 6441], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:545 [ref. 27969], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122] [in error, in email of 9 oct 2014] to N. Bailly; should have been punctatus). Current status: Synonym of Siganus punctatus (Schneider & Forster 1801). Siganidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

concatenatus, Amphacanthus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:127 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Buru I, Molucca Islands, Indonesia; Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN A-7052 (1) Buru Island, A-7053 (1) Jakarta; ZMB [ex RMNH] (1) Jakarta. Type catalog: Bauchot 1965:572 [ref. 19223]. •Synonym of Siganus guttatus (Bloch 1787) -- (Woodland 1990:93 [ref. 19220], Woodland 2001:3637 [ref. 26300], Kottelat 2013:441 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus guttatus (Bloch 1787). Siganidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

concavocephalus, Siganus Paradice [W. E. J.] in Paradice & Whitley 1927:99, Pl. 12 (fig. 2) [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 9 (pt 1); ref. 15810] Sir Edward Pellew Islands, Gulf of Carpentaria, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: AMS IA.2553. Paratypes: AMS IA.2554 (2). •Incertae sedis in Siganidae -- (Allen et al. 2006:1728 [ref. 29090]). •Questionably a synonym of Siganis canaliculatus (Park 1797) or Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Larson et al. 2013:212 [ref. 32988]). •Questionably a synonym of Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Woodland 1990:55, 60 [ref. 19220]. Kottelat 2013:441 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

consobrinus, Siganus Ogilby [J. D.] 1912:54, Pl. 13 [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 1; ref. 14855] Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: QM I.291 (now 2; holotype not distinguishable). Paratypes: QM I.291 (1, with holotype); ?AMS I.12537 (1, not a type according to Woodland). •Synonym of Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Woodland 1990:55, 60 [ref. 19220], Allen et al. 2006:1725 [ref. 29090], Kottelat 2013:441 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

corallinus, Amphacanthus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:139 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Seychelles; Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN A-7132 (2) Seychelles, RMNH D1109 (1) Java; ZMB 1692 [ex MNHN] (1) Seychelles. Type catalog: Bauchot 1965:572 [ref. 19223]. •Valid as Siganus corallinus (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:233 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:436 [ref. 15987], Woodland 1990:23 [ref. 19220] with notes on types on p. 25, Mohsin & Ambak 1996:545 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:224 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:378 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:436 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:266 [ref. 23965], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1317 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:441 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:122 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:168 [ref. 26232], Woodland 2001:3634 [ref. 26300], Nakabo 2002:1317 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:646 [ref. 27495], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:198 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:599 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1724 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1008 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:179 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Siganus corallinus (Valenciennes 1835). Siganidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles and Maldives, east to Philippines, north to Ryukyu Islands, and south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

cyanotaenia, Amphacanthus Bleeker [P.] 1853:606 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 337] Ternate, Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6318. •Synonym of Siganus puellus (Schlegel 1852) -- (Woodland 1990:63 [ref. 19220]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus puellus (Schlegel 1852). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

doliatus, Siganus Guérin-Méneville [F. E.] 1829-38:22, Pl. 35 (fig. 1) [Iconographie du Règne animal de G. Cuvier IV, Poissons; ref. 18162] Coast of Buru Island, near New Guinea, Indonesia; Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific. Syntypes: MNHN A-6947 (1) Vanikoro, Solomon Islands, MNHN A-6948 (1) Buru Island, Indonesia. Type information: Bauchot 1965:572 [ref. 19223]. Validated from caption to figure above; also in Griffith 1834: Pl. 33 (fig. 1) (see Woodland 1990:83-84 [ref. 19220] for details and for authorship). First written description appeared in Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:132 [ref. 1004] as Amphacanthus doliatus. •Valid as Siganus doliatus Guérin-Méneville 1829-38 -- (Randall et al. 1990:436 [ref. 15987], Woodland 1990:81 [ref. 19220], Allen 1997:222 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:378 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:436 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:266 [ref. 23965], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:441 [ref. 25191], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:104 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:166 [ref. 26232], Woodland 2001:3635 [ref. 26300] dated 1830 with author as Cuvier, Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830] dated 1830 with author as Cuvier, Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:198 [ref. 27510] dated 1830 with author as Cuvier, Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624] dated 1830 with author as Cuvier, Randall 2005:600 [ref. 28239] with author as Cuvier, Allen et al. 2006:1724 [ref. 29090] with author as Cuvier, Allen & Erdmann 2012:1009 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:212 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:179 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Siganus doliatus Guérin-Méneville 1829-38. Siganidae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea to Tonga, and south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

dorsalis, Amphacanthus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:143 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 1549 (largest of 2). Type catalog: Bauchot 1965:576 [ref. 19223]. •Synonym of Siganus canaliculatus (Park 1797) -- (Woodland 1990:51, 54 [ref. 19220], Kottelat 2013:440 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus canaliculatus (Park 1797). Siganidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

firmamentum, Amphacanthus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:142 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Semarang, Java, Indonesia. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1965:576 [ref. 19223]. •Synonym of Siganus guttatus (Bloch 1787) -- (Woodland 1990:93 [ref. 19220], Kottelat 2013:441 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus guttatus (Bloch 1787). Siganidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

flava, Teuthis De Vis [C. W.] 1884:462 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 4898] Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: QM I.112 (2). •Synonym of Siganus lineatus (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Woodland 1990:90 [ref. 19220], Allen et al. 2006:1725 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus lineatus (Valenciennes 1835). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

fuscescens, Centrogaster Houttuyn [M.] 1782:333 [Verhandelingen der Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen, Haarlem v. 20 (pt 2); ref. 2220] Japan. No types known. See Boeseman 1995:6 [ref. 21811]. Kottelat (2013) records inland records in the Philippines by Herre and by Fowler & Bean. •Valid as Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:233 [ref. 7348], Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:233 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:138 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:437 [ref. 15987], Woodland 1990:55 [ref. 19220], Kuiter 1993:376 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:167 [ref. 25479], Adams & Woodland 1994:373 [ref. 23562], Allen 1997:222 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:150 [ref. 26476], Cheng & Zhou 1997:343 [ref. 26385], Larson & Williams 1997:372 [ref. 23967], Myers 1999:266 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:750 [ref. 25471], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1316 [ref. 25182], Sakai et al. 2001:121 [ref. 25693], Shimizu 2001:42 [ref. 25799], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:150 [ref. 26232], Woodland 2001:3636 [ref. 26300], Nakabo 2002:1316 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:414, 669 [ref. 26218], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:198 [ref. 27510], Randall 2005:600 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1724 [ref. 29090], Matsuura in Kimura & Matsuura 2009:297 [ref. 31172], Motomura et al. 2010:225 [ref. 31256], Larson et al. 2013:212 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:440 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:199 [ref. 34464], Fricke et al. 2014:180 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:16 [ref. 35354], Motomura et al. 2017:202 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782). Siganidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia east to Pohnpei (Caroline Islands) and Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan and Korea, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

fuscus, Siganus Griffith [E.] & Smith [C. H.] 1834:opp. 359, Pl. 35 [The class Pisces, arranged by the Baron Cuvier; ref. 1908] No locality [Nomuka Island, Tonga]. Holotype: BMNH 1972.9.25.2. Holotype is same as lectotype of Siganus punctatus (Schneider & Forster 1801). •Absolute synonym of Siganus punctatus (Schneider & Forster 1801) -- (see Woodland 1990:76 [ref. 19220]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus punctatus (Schneider & Forster 1801). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

gibbosus, Teuthis De Vis [C. W.] 1884:461 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 4898] Queensland coast, Australia. Holotype: QM (lost). •Incertae sedis in Siganidae -- (Allen et al. 2006:1728 [ref. 29090]). •Questionably a synonym of Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Woodland 1990:55, 59 [ref. 19220], Kottelat 2013:441 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

guamensis, Amphacanthus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:163 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Syntypes: MNHN A-6944 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot 1965:572 [ref. 19223]. •Synonym of Siganus spinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Woodland 1990:34 [ref. 19220]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus spinus (Linnaeus 1758). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

guttatus, Chaetodon Bloch [M. E.] 1787:55, Pl. 196 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 3; ref. 468] East Indies, perhaps Indonesia. Syntypes: ZMB 8154 (1, right skin), ZMB 1688 (1), ZMB (at least 5, lost). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:138 [ref. 24282]. See Woodland 1990:96 [ref. 19220] for discussion of type specimen and type locality, but Paepke 1999:139 [ref. 24282] has different information. On p. 41 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 6 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Siganus guttatus (Bloch 1787) -- (Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:233 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:545 [ref. 25598], Woodland 1990:93 [ref. 19220], Kottelat et al. 1993:157 [ref. 23448], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:298 [ref. 24014], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:546 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:224 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:267 [ref. 23965], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1316 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:122 [ref. 25868], Matsuura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:292 [ref. 27511] as guttaus [sic], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:162 [ref. 26232], Sakai et al. 2001:121 [ref. 25693], Woodland 2001:3637 [ref. 26300], Nakabo 2002:1316 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:199 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:601 [ref. 28239], Kimura in Kimura & Matsuura 2009:298 [ref. 31172], Itou et al. 2011:161 [ref. 32397], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1009 [ref. 31980], Woodland & Anderson 2014:131 [ref. 33339], Kottelat 2013:441 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:199 [ref. 34464], Motomura et al. 2017:202 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Siganus guttatus (Bloch 1787). Siganidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: east Indian region, Andaman Islands to west Papua and Australia; north to China, Taiwan, and Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

gymnopareius, Amphacanthus Richardson [J.] 1843:174 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (New Series) v. 11 (nos 67-8, 71-2); ref. 13395] Coral Bay, Port Essington, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1843.6.15.37. •Incertae sedis in Siganidae -- (Allen et al. 2006:1728 [ref. 29090]). •Questionably a synonym of Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Woodland 1990:57, 59 [ref. 19220], Larson et al. 2013:212 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:440 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

hexacanthus, Siganus Barton [O.] 1950:1, Fig. [American Museum Novitates No. 1464; ref. 12935] Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMNH 18888 [ex MCZ 36685]. •Synonym of Siganus puellus (Schlegel 1852) -- (Woodland 1990:63 [ref. 19220], Allen et al. 2006:1726 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus puellus (Schlegel 1852). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

hexagonatus, Amphacanthus Bleeker [P.] 1854:41 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 16938] Nova Selma, Cocos-Keeling Islands, Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Bleeker specimens: RMNH 6313 (possilby 1 of 4), SMNS 10638 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1991:20 [ref. 13474] but as a syntype, Fricke 2005:59 [ref. 29864] with syntypes. •Synonym of Siganus punctatus (Schneider & Forster 1801) -- (Woodland 1990:73 [ref. 19220]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus punctatus (Schneider & Forster 1801). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

inermis, Harpurus Forster [J. R.] in Lichtenstein 1844:286 [Descriptiones animalium quae in itinere ad Maris Australis; ref. 17531] Anamocka [= Nomuka Island, Ha'apai Group, Tonga]. Also mentioned from Nova Caledonia [New Caledonia]. Lectotype: BMNH 1972.9.25.2. Lichtenstein (editor, p. 286, footnote) treats as a synonym of "Amphacanthus punctatus Bl. S. p. 210". For lectotype designation see Woodland 1990:76 [ref. 19220]. •Objective synonym of Siganus punctatus (Schneider & Forster 1801) -- (Woodland 1990:73, 76 [ref. 19220]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus punctatus (Schneider & Forster 1801). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

inermis, Harpurus Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:210 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Not available, manuscript name mentioned under Amphacanthus punctatus. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). Siganidae.

insomnis, Siganus Woodland [D. J.] & Anderson [R. C.] 2014:130, Figs. 3-7 [Zootaxa 3811 (no. 1); ref. 33339] Maldives, Addu Atoll, Feydhoo Island, depth 1 meter. Holotype: BPBM 40390. Paratypes: AMS I. 22402-001 (2), BPBM 40389 (5). •Valid as Siganus insomnis Woodland & Anderson 2014. Current status: Valid as Siganus insomnis Woodland & Anderson 2014. Siganidae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean: Maldives, Sri Lanka and southern India. Habitat: marine.

javaneus, Amphacanthus Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:139 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Not available, manuscript name mentioned in passing. Siganidae.

javanus, Acanthurus Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:29 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Unjustified emendation of Teuthus javus Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Siganus javus (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Allen et al. 2006:1725 [ref. 29090], Kottelat 2013:441 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus javus (Linnaeus 1766). Siganidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

javus, Teuthis Linnaeus [C.] 1766:507 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Near Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: BMNH 1853.11.12.30 (skin). Spelled java in Gmelin 1789:1362 [ref. 18139]. Type apparently lost (see Woodland 1990:69 [ref. 19220] but Wheeler 1958:231-232 [ref. 134334] found a syntype). Based on multiple sources including the 'Hepatus cauda fronteque inermibus' of Gronow 1763:113 [ref. 1910], which was based on the 'Leervisch' and the 'Ikan Batoe Badoeri' (Acanthurus sp.) of Valentyn 1726:339, 476, fig. 410 [ref. 30358] [Onrust Island, Batavia, Java, Indonesia], the 'Fiatola' of Rondelet 1554:257 [ref. 30354] [Rome, Italy, Mediterranean Sea], and the 'Stromateus' of Rondelet 1554:157 [ref. 30354] [Rome, Italy, Mediterranean Sea]. Originally based on multiple species, now restricted to the Indo-Pacific species (part, from Java, Indonesia) based on the extant syntype out of the Gronow collection. Lectotype designated by Kottelat (2013:441 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Siganus javus (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Dor 1984:260 [ref. 29757], Randall et al. 1990:437 [ref. 15987], Woodland 1990:67 [ref. 19220], Kottelat et al. 1993:157 [ref. 23448], Goren & Dor 1994:69 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:384 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:546 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:224 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:372 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:219 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:376 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:437 [ref. 25919], Anderson et al. 1998:28 [ref. 23611], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:187 [ref. 25703], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:104 [ref. 26368], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:157 [ref. 26232], Woodland 2001:3638 [ref. 26300], Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S120 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:44 [ref. 27712], Allen et al. 2006:1725 [ref. 29090], Matsuura in Kimura & Matsuura 2009:298 [ref. 31172], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1009 [ref. 31980], Psomadakis et al. 2012:18 [ref. 33457], Larson et al. 2013:213 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:441 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:200 [ref. 34464], Matsuura in Kimura et al. 2015:84 [ref. 34319], Psomadakis et al. 2015:305 [ref. 34104]). Current status: Valid as Siganus javus (Linnaeus 1766). Siganidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf to Vanuatu, Australia north to China. Habitat: brackish, marine.

kopsii, Amphacanthus Bleeker [P.] 1851:483 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 16898] Riau, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6302 (1 of 5). •Questionably a synonym of Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Woodland 1990:57, 59 [ref. 19220], Larson et al. 2013:212 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:440 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

labyrinthodes, Amphacanthus Bleeker [P.] 1853:471 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 336] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6310. •Valid as Siganus labyrinthodes (Bleeker 1853) -- (Woodland 1990:104 [ref. 19220], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:160 [ref. 26232], Woodland 2001:3649 [ref. 26300], Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1010 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Siganus labyrinthodes (Bleeker 1853). Siganidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

laqueus, Siganus von Bonde [C.] 1934:451, Pl. 23 (fig. 4) [Annals of the Natal Museum. v. 7 (pt 3); ref. 16466] West coast of Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Siganus stellatus (Forsskål 1775), but as the valid Indian Ocean subspecies -- (Woodland 1990:78, 80 [ref. 19220], Fricke 1999:531 [ref. 24106]). •Valid as Siganus laqueus von Bonde 1934 -- (Kuiter & Debelius 2001:175 [ref. 26232], Heemstra 2004:3338 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:409 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2009:105 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2013:270 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2018:349 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Siganus laqueus von Bonde 1934. Siganidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: South Africa, East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Singapore. Habitat: marine.

lineatus, Amphacanthus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:130, Pl. 286 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Western Pacific. Syntypes: MNHN A-6930 (2) New Guinea, MNHN A-6940 (1) Vanicolo, Santa Craz Is. Type catalog: Bauchot 1965:573 [ref. 19223]. •Valid as Siganus lineatus (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:138 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:438 [ref. 15987], Woodland 1990:90 [ref. 19220], Allen 1997:222 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:372 [ref. 23967], Kuiter 1997:376 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:438 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:267 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:442 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:164 [ref. 26232], Woodland 2001:3639 [ref. 26300], Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:601 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1725 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1010 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:213 [ref. 32988], Woodland & Anderson 2014:131 [ref. 33339], Fricke et al. 2014:180 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Siganus lineatus (Valenciennes 1835). Siganidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Maldives and Sri Lanka, eastern Indonesia east to Palau, Yap, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu, north to Philippines, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

luridus, Amphacanthus Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] (ex Ehrenberg) 1829:45 [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 1943. Paralectotypes and possible paralectotypes: SMF 5153-54 (2), 5406-07 (2), 7986 (1), 7991 (1), 8549 (1); RMNH D1104 (1), 1543 (1); MNHN A-6927; NMW 31839-40 (2); ZMB 1696 (1). Lectotype established by Dor 1984:259 [ref. 29757] if not designated earlier. •Valid as Siganus luridus (Rüppell 1829) -- (Tortonese 1973:456 [ref. 7192], Dor 1984:259 [ref. 29757], Ben-Tuvia in Whitehead et al. 1986:964 [ref. 13676], Woodland 1990:29 [ref. 19220] with discussion of authorship and types, Goren & Dor 1994:69 [ref. 25356] with author as Cuvier, Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:xiii [ref. 21953], Randall 1995:385 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:219 [ref. 23922], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Myers 1999:267 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:530 [ref. 24106], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:148 [ref. 26232], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:137 [ref. 26753], Goren & Aronov 2002:239 [ref. 26560], Bariche 2003:52 [ref. 27018], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S120 [ref. 27377], Fricke et al. 2007:108 [ref. 29533], Daniel et al. 2009:163 [ref. 30512], Fricke et al. 2009:105 [ref. 30213], Psomadakis et al. 2015:305 [ref. 34104], Fricke et al. 2018:349 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Siganus luridus (Rüppell 1829). Siganidae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa to Comores and Madagascar, Réunion and Mauritius (western Mascarenes); Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

maculosus, Amphacanthus Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1825:370 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Sydney Cove, Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Type lost. Type catalog: Bauchot 1965:575 [ref. 19223]. •Synonym of Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Woodland 1990:55 [ref. 19220], Allen et al. 2006:1725 [ref. 29090], Kottelat 2013:440 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

magnificus, Lo Burgess [W. E.] 1977:11, Figs. 1-3 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 7235] Phuket region, western coast of Thailand [Andaman Sea, eastern Indian Ocean]. Holotype: USNM 216680. Paratypes: MZN 10477 (1). •Valid as Siganus magnificus (Burgess 1977) -- (Woodland 1990:107 [ref. 19220], Myers 1999:268 [ref. 23965], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:179 [ref. 26232], Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830], Kimura in Kimura & Matsuura 2009:298 [ref. 31172], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1010 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Siganus magnificus (Burgess 1977). Siganidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Andaman Sea and Myanmar. Habitat: marine.

margaritiferus, Amphacanthus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:145 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia; Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific. Syntypes: MNHN A-6943 (1) Vanikoro, MNHN A-6942 (1) Ambon; BMNH 1863.11.12.17 (holotype of canaliculatus Park). Type catalog: Bauchot 1965:573 [ref. 19223]; Bauchot gives numbers and localities as above; Woodland has A.6942 from Vanikoro and A.6943 from Ambon (correct number/locality not investigated). •Valid as Siganus margaritiferus (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Kuiter 1997:374 [ref. 25488], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:152 [ref. 26232], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1011 [ref. 31980]). •Synonym of Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Woodland 1990:55 [ref. 19220], Kottelat 2013:440 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782). Siganidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Andaman Islands to Solomon Islands, south to Australia, north to Japan (if valid). Habitat: marine.

marmoratus, Amphacanthus Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1825:367, Pl. 62 (figs. 1-2) [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-6938 (1 of 2). Type catalog: Bauchot 1965:573 [ref. 19223] but modified by Woodland 1990:36. •Synonym of Siganus spinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Randall et al. 1990:439 [ref. 15987], Woodland 1990:34 [ref. 19220]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus spinus (Linnaeus 1758). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

melanospilos, Amphacanthus Bleeker [P.] 1855:431 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 7 (no. 3); ref. 16941] Jakarta market, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6305. •Synonym of Siganus punctatus (Schneider & Forster 1801) -- (Woodland 1990:73 [ref. 19220]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus punctatus (Schneider & Forster 1801). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

mertensii, Amphacanthus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:150 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] No locality [probably Caroline Islands]. No types known, based on a figure. Type catalog: Bauchot 1965:576 [ref. 19223]. •Synonym of Siganus argenteus (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Woodland 1990:38 [ref. 19220]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus argenteus (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

nebulosus, Amphacanthus Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1825:369 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Sydney Cove, Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1965:575 [ref. 19223]. •Valid as Siganus nebulosus (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Kuiter 1993:376 [ref. 23929], Kuiter 1997:374 [ref. 25488], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:151 [ref. 26232]). •Synonym of Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Woodland 1990:55 [ref. 19220], Woodland 2001:3636 [ref. 26300], Allen et al. 2006:1725 [ref. 29090], Kottelat 2013:440 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

niger, Siganus (Lo) Woodland [D. J.] 1990:116, Fig. 23. [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 19; ref. 19220] Reef on southern side of Euakafa Island, Vava'u Group, Tonga. Holotype: BPBM 28865. Paratypes: AMS I.24164-001 (1, not present in 1997). •Valid as Siganus niger Woodland 1990 -- (Myers 1999:268 [ref. 23965], Woodland 2001:3649 [ref. 26300], Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:601 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Valid as Siganus niger Woodland 1990. Siganidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Tonga. Habitat: marine.

nigromaculata, Teuthis Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1883:25 [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 48 (1. Abth.); ref. 4247] Not available, name mentioned in passing under Teuthis albopunctata Schlegel; from Kagoshima, Japan. Siganidae.

notostictus, Amphacanthus Richardson [J.] 1843:172 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (New Series) v. 11 (nos 67-8, 71-2); ref. 13395] Coral Bay, Port Essington, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1843.6.15.36. •Synonym of Siganus virgatus (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Woodland 1990:86 [ref. 19220], Larson & Williams 1997:372 [ref. 23967], Allen et al. 2006:1727 [ref. 29090], Larson et al. 2013:213 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:441 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus virgatus (Valenciennes 1835). Siganidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

nuchalis, Amphacanthus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:140 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Red Sea. Syntypes: RMNH 1544 (1); SMF 3454 (1), 8101 (1), 8102 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1965:577 [ref. 19223]. Unexplained new name for Scarus stellatus Forsskål 1775 and Amphacanthus punctatus Rüppell 1829; takes same types as those two species. •Objective synonym of Siganus stellatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:260 [ref. 29757], Woodland 1990:78, 80 [ref. 19220]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus stellatus (Forsskål 1775). Siganidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

ocularis, Amphacanthus Thiollière [V. J. de l'I.] in Montrouzier 1857:456 [178] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. On p. 178 of reprint. •Synonym of Siganus puellus (Schlegel 1852) -- (Woodland 1990:63 [ref. 19220]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus puellus (Schlegel 1852). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

oligosticta, Teuthis Kner [R.] 1868:30 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 58 (nos 1-2); ref. 6074] Kanathia, Viti, Fiji Islands. Lectotype: ZMH H466 [ex MGH 5909]. Paralectotypes: ZMH H467 [ex MGH 5909] (1). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:410 [ref. 21161]. Type catalog and lectotype designation (Ladiges 1958:171 [ref. 19182]). Appeared in more detail in Kner 1868:345 [p. 53 of separate], Pl. 7 (fig. 23) [ref. 2646]. •Synonym of Siganus argenteus (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Woodland 1990:38 [ref. 19220]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus argenteus (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

olivaceus, Amphacanthus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:163 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Syntypes: MNHN A-0085 (1, lost) Mauritius, A-0086 (1), A-1802 (7, poor condition) Mauritius. Type catalog: Bauchot 1965:574 [ref. 19223] but her use of "holotype" for A.85 does not constitute lectotype designation. •Synonym of Siganus sutor (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Woodland 1990:47 [ref. 19220], Fricke 1999:532 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus sutor (Valenciennes 1835). Siganidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

oramin, Amphacanthus guttatus var. Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:207, Pl. 48 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tranquebar [Tharangambad], India. Syntypes: ZMB 1689 (1). As a variety in text and index (p. xxxviii); as Amphacanthus oramin on Pl. 48. •Valid as Siganus oramin (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:324 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:256 [ref. 19754], Zhou in Kuang et al. 1986:315 [ref. 26639], Jin in Pan et al. 1991:504 [ref. 23876], Chen et al. 1997:150 [ref. 26476]). •Synonym of Siganus canaliculatus (Park 1797) -- (Woodland 1990:51, 53 [ref. 19220] with question, Randall 1995:384 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:544 [ref. 27969], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:264 [ref. 25480], Woodland 2001:3633 [ref. 26300], Kottelat 2013:440 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Siganus canaliculatus (Park 1797). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

ovatus, Amphacanthus Marion de Procé [P.-M.] 1822:133 [Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris [Sér. 3] [v. 9] (for 1822); ref. 17601] Manila Bay, Philippines. No types known. •Questionably a synonym of Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782) -- (Woodland 1990:55 [ref. 19220], Kottelat 2013:440 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

puelloides, Siganus Woodland [D. J.] & Randall [J. E.] 1979:391, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1979 (no. 3); ref. 8765] Vilingili Island, Male Atoll, Maldives, northern Indian Ocean, 4°10'N, 73°28'E, depth 10 meters. Holotype: BPBM 18875. Paratypes: AMS I.20727-001 (1), USNM 219601 (1). •Valid as Siganus puelloides Woodland & Randall 1979 -- (Woodland 1990:66 [ref. 19220], Myers 1999:267 [ref. 23965], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:104 [ref. 26368], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:172 [ref. 26232], Kimura in Kimura & Matsuura 2009:299 [ref. 31172], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1011 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Siganus puelloides Woodland & Randall 1979. Siganidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Maldives, Seychelles, Andaman Sea, Myanmar and west Thailand. Habitat: marine.

puellus, Amphacanthus Schlegel [H.] 1852:39, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde v. 1 (Pt. 5); ref. 18696] Ternate, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5145. •Valid as Siganus puellus (Schlegel 1852) -- (Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:233 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:438 [ref. 15987], Woodland 1990:63 [ref. 19220], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:548 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:224 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:378 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:438 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:267 [ref. 23965], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1317 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:442 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:264 [ref. 25480], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:104 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:165 [ref. 26232], Woodland 2001:3640 [ref. 26300], Nakabo 2002:1317 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:199 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:601 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:176 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1011 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:213 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:180 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2017:203 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Siganus puellus (Schlegel 1852). Siganidae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean: Cocos-Keeling Islands and Indonesia, east to Marshall Islands and New Guinea, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

punctatissimus, Siganus Fowler [H. W.] & Bean [B. A.] 1929:298, Fig. 25 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 100, v. 8; ref. 1476] Masinloc Bay, Zambales, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 89979. Paratypes: (25) USNM 182874-76 (2, 2, 2). •Valid as Siganus punctatissimus Fowler & Bean 1929 -- (Randall et al. 1990:439 [ref. 15987], Woodland 1990:71 [ref. 19220], Randall et al. 1997:439 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:267 [ref. 23965], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1317 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:122 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:104 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:161 [ref. 26232], Woodland 2001:3641 [ref. 26300], Nakabo 2002:1317 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830] as punctitissimus, Allen et al. 2006:1726 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1012 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:180 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Siganus punctatissimus Fowler & Bean 1929. Siganidae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean: Indonesia, Philippines, east to Solomon Islands, north to Taiwan and Yaeyama Islands, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

punctatus, Amphacanthus Schneider [J. G.] & Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:210 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Anamocka [= Nomuka Island, Ha'apai Group, Tonga]. Lectotype: BMNH 1972.9.25.2 (stuffed). Name attributable to Schneider & Forster, description taken from Forster manuscript (reproduced in Lichtenstein 1844:286-288 [ref. 17531] as "Harpurus inermis"). Type discussed and lectotype selected by Woodland 1990:76 [ref. 19220]. •Valid as Siganus punctatus (Schneider & Forster 1801) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:138 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:439 [ref. 15987], Woodland 1990:73 [ref. 19220], Allen 1997:222 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:378 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:439 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:267 [ref. 23965], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1317 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:443 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:265 [ref. 25480], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:173 [ref. 26232] with author as Schneider, Woodland 2001:3642 [ref. 26300] with author as Schneider, Nakabo 2002:1317 [ref. 26193] with authors as Forster & Schneider, Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830] with author as Forster, Myers & Donaldson 2003:646 [ref. 27495] with author as Schneider, Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624] with author as Forster, Adrim et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27715] with author as Schneider, Randall 2005:602 [ref. 28239] with author as Forster, Allen & Erdmann 2012:1012 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:213 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:180 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2017:203 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Siganus punctatus (Schneider & Forster 1801). Siganidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Cocos-Keeling Islands and Indonesia east to Marshall Islands, Tonga and Samoa, north to Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

punctatus, Amphacanthus Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1829:46, Pl. 11 (fig. 2) [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 3454. Paralectotypes: RMNH 1544 (1); SMF 8101 (1), 8102 (1). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Amphacanthus punctatus Bloch & Schnieder 1801. Lectotype established by Dor 1984:260 [ref. 29757] if not designated earlier. •Synonym of Siganus stellatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:260 [ref. 29757], Woodland 1990:78 [ref. 19220]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus stellatus (Forsskål 1775). Siganidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

randalli, Siganus Woodland [D. J.] 1990:102, Pl. 8B, Fig. 20 [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 19; ref. 19220] Coral reef flat off Paruru Plantation, Marau Lagoon, Guadalcanal Island, Solomon Islands, western Pacific, 9°47'S, 160°50'E. Holotype: AMS I.22239-001. Paratypes: AMS I.22240-001 (1), I.22241-001 [in trust for PNG] (1); BPBM 30571 (1); USNM 223398 (2), 224575 (3). •Valid as Siganus randalli Woodland 1990 -- (Myers 1999:267 [ref. 23965], Woodland 2001:3643 [ref. 26300], Myers & Donaldson 2003:646 [ref. 27495], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1013 [ref. 31980], Moleana et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34752]). Current status: Valid as Siganus randalli Woodland 1990. Siganidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, New Caledonia and Micronesia. Habitat: marine.

rivulatus, Siganus Forsskål [P. S.] & Niebuhr [C.] in Forsskål 1775:25, x [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] [Lohajæ] Al-Luhayya, Yemen, Red Sea. Lectotype: ZMUC P6689 (dry skin). Paralectotypes: ZMUC P6690 (dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:72 [ref. 9588]. On p. x as rivulatus: nov. genus Siganus on p. 25 as "SCARUS siganus; rivulatus," the latter as two names for the same taxon; see Woodland 1990:17, 45 [ref. 19220] who regards Siganus as the intended generic name; also on p. 44 as Sc. [Scarus] dentibus Sidjan. Available by indication (ICZN Art. 12.2.2) from p. x, with diagnosis from p. 25 and 44 (see Fricke 2008:54 [ref. 320182]). Lectotype selected by Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:13 [ref. 20847]; lectotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965: Pl. 2 [ref. 20847]. •Valid as Siganus rivulatus Forsskål & Niebuhr [usually given as Forsskål] 1775 -- (Tortonese 1973:456 [ref. 7192], Dor 1984:259 [ref. 29757], Ben-Tuvia in Whitehead et al. 1986:965 [ref. 13676], Woodland 1990:44 [ref. 19220], Goren & Dor 1994:69 [ref. 25356], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:548 [ref. 27969], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:146 [ref. 26232], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:137 [ref. 26753], Goren & Aronov 2002:239 [ref. 26560], Bariche 2003:52 [ref. 27018], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S120 [ref. 27377], Heemstra et al. 2004:3330, 3338 [ref. 27945] with question, Fricke et al. 2007:108 [ref. 29533], Fricke 2008:54 [ref. 30182], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:429 [ref. 33460], DiBattista et al. 2015:21 [ref. 35706]). Current status: Valid as Siganus rivulatus Forsskål & Niebuhr 1775. Siganidae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: brackish, marine.

rostratus, Amphacanthus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:158 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Possible types: ZMB 1701 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1965:577 [ref. 19223]. Based on Ehrenberg drawing. •Synonym of Siganus argenteus (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Dor 1984:259 [ref. 29757], Randall et al. 1990:435 [ref. 15987], Woodland 1990:38 [ref. 19220], Randall 1995:384 [ref. 22896], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:263 [ref. 25480], Woodland 2001:3632 [ref. 26300], Randall 2005:599 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2018:349 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus argenteus (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

russelii, Amphacanthus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:123 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Vizagapatam, India. No types known errorm but. Type catalog: Bauchot 1965:577 [ref. 19223]. Kottelat (2013) regards the spelling russeli as an inadvertent error, but Valenciennes knew of Russell, and he was free to pick the name he wanted. Based on a figure. •Questionably a synonym of Siganus vermiculatus (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Woodland 1990:98 [ref. 19220], Kottelat 2013:441 [ref. 32989] spelled russelii). Current status: Uncertain as Siganus vermiculatus (Valenciennes 1835). Siganidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

scaroides, Amphacanthus Bleeker [P.] 1853:262 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12580] Priaman and Cauer, Sumatra, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 6316 (1 of 40). Paralectotypes: (5) RMNH 6316 (up to 4 of 39). Original as scaroïdes. Lectotype selected by Woodland 1990:37 [ref. 19220]. •Synonym of Siganus spinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Woodland 1990:34 [ref. 19220]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus spinus (Linnaeus 1758). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

sevenlineatus, Siganus Borodin [N. A.] 1930:58, Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [Bulletin Vanderbilt Marine Museum v. 1 (art. 2); ref. 16069] Truk Island, Caroline Islands, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): VMM 617 (now at AMNH). •Synonym of Siganus puellus (Schlegel 1852) -- (Woodland 1990:63 [ref. 19220]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus puellus (Schlegel 1852). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

shortlandensis, Siganus Seale [A.] 1906:69, Fig. 17 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 3999] Shortland Island, Solomon Islands, Pacific. Holotype (unique): BPBM 1276. •Synonym of Siganus vermiculatus (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Woodland 1990:98 [ref. 19220], Kottelat 2013:441 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus vermiculatus (Valenciennes 1835). Siganidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sidjan, Scarus Forsskål [P. S.] & Niebuhr [C.] in Forsskål 1775:44 [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] [Lohajæ] Al-Luhayya, Yemen, Red Sea, or [Basræ] Al-Basrah, Iraq, Persian Gulf, 30°30'N, 47°47'E. Lectotype: ZMUC P6689 (dry skin). Paralectotypes: ZMUC P6690 (1, dry skin). Originally as Sc. [Scarus] dentibus Sidjan, meaning ‘teeth of Scarus sidjan’. Lectotype selected by Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:13 [ref. 20847]; lectotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965: Pl. 2 [ref. 20847]. Unused synonym of Siganus rivulatus Forsskål & & Niebuhr 1775; Fricke 2008:54 [ref. 30182] acted as the first reviser to select Scarus rivulatus as the senior synonym. Also in Lacepède 1802:1, 6 [ref. 4929], which is not an independent description. •In the synonymy of Siganus rivulatus Forsskål & Niebuhr 1775 -- (Fricke 2008:54 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus rivulatus Forsskål & Niebuhr 1775. Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

sigan, Amphacanthus Klunzinger [C. B.] 1871:502 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 21; ref. 2622] Red Sea. Unjustified emendation of Amphacanthus siganus Rüppell 1829. •Synonym of Siganus rivulatus Forsskål & Niebuhr 1775 -- (Dor 1984:259 [ref. 29757], Woodland 1990:44 [ref. 19220]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus rivulatus Forsskål & Niebuhr 1775. Siganidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

siganus, Scarus Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:25 [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Al-Luhayya, Yemen, Red Sea, or [Basræ] Al-Basrah, Iraq, Persian Gulf, 30°30'N, 47°47'E. Lectotype: ZMUC P6689 (dry skin). Paralectotypes: ZMUC P6690 (dry skin). Originally Scarus siganus; rivulatus; regarded as an alternate name for Scarus [= Siganus] rivulatus Forsskål 1775; later spelled sigana and sigan. See Rüppell 1828-30:44 [ref. 3843] for discussion of the name. Not available from this combination as the author of p. 25 (Fabricius) did not decide how to name the species, rivulatus or siganus (see Fricke 2008:54 [ref. 30182]). Name made available by Bonnaterre 1788:94 [ref. 4940] (see Fricke 2008:54 [ref. 30182]). Lectotype selected by Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:13 [ref. 20847]; lectotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965: Pl. 2 [ref. 20847]. Named Amphacanthus siganus by Rüppell 1829:44, Pl. 11 (fig. 1) [ref. 3843], which is not an independent species description but a reference to Forsskål with different genus assigned. •Synonym of Siganus rivulatus Forsskål & Niebuhr 1775 -- (Woodland 1990:44 [ref. 19220], Fricke 2008:54 [ref. 30182], Fricke 2008:54 [ref. 30182]) Current status: Synonym of Siganus rivulatus Forsskål & Niebuhr 1775. Siganidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

spinus, Sparus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:281 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Java, Indonesia. No types known. •Valid as Siganus spinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:233 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:439 [ref. 15987], Woodland 1990:34 [ref. 19220], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:298 [ref. 24014], Allen 1997:224 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:376 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:439 [ref. 25919], Marquet et al. 1999:43 [ref. 23934], Myers 1999:267 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1315 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:443 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:122 [ref. 25868], Sakai et al. 2001:121 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:155 [ref. 26232], Woodland 2001:3644 [ref. 26300], Nakabo 2002:1315 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:646 [ref. 27495], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:199 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:602 [ref. 28239], Randall et al. 2005:130 [ref. 28745], Allen et al. 2006:1726 [ref. 29090], Motomura et al. 2010:225 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1013 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:180 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:16 [ref. 35354], Motomura et al. 2017:203 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Siganus spinus (Linnaeus 1758). Siganidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Sri Lanka and Andaman Sea, to Micronesia and east to Marshall Islands and Society Islands, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

stellatus, Scarus Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:26, x [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. No types known. For problems of original genus see Woodland 1990:80 [ref. 19220]. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:531 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Siganus stellatus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:260 [ref. 29757], Woodland 1986:824 [ref. 6299], Randall et al. 1990:439 [ref. 15987], Woodland 1990:78 [ref. 19220] and as a Red Sea subspecies stellatus, Goren & Dor 1994:69 [ref. 25356], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:549 [ref. 27969], Myers 1999:267 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:531 [ref. 24106], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:174 [ref. 26232], Woodland 2001:3645 [ref. 26300], Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S120 [ref. 27377] as a subspecies, Kimura in Kimura & Matsuura 2009:299 [ref. 31172], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1013 [ref. 31980], DiBattista et al. 2015:22 [ref. 35706]). Current status: Valid as Siganus stellatus (Forsskål 1775). Siganidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-Pacific Ocean: East Africa to Andaman Sea, and western Indonesia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

striolata, Teuthis Günther [A.] 1861:319 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Aneiteum Island, Vanuatu. Syntypes: BMNH 1861.5.31.32-33 (2, dry skins). •Synonym of Siganus spinus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Woodland 1990:35 [ref. 19220]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus spinus (Linnaeus 1758). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

studeri, Teuthis Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1877:834 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1876; ref. 3454] New Britain Island, Bismarck Archipelago. Holotype (unique): ZMB 9817. •Synonym of Siganus corallinus (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Woodland 1990:23,26 [ref. 19220]). •Valid as Siganus studeri (Peters 1877) -- (Kuiter & Debelius 2001:169 [ref. 26232]). Current status: Valid as Siganus studeri (Peters 1877). Siganidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

sutor, Amphacanthus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:148 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Seychelles, western Indian Ocean. Lectotype: MNHN A-1805. Paralectotypes: From Réunion and doubtfully Malabar (apparently lost). Type catalog: Bauchot 1965:574 [ref. 19223]. Lectotype selected by Woodland 1990:49 [ref. 19220]; other syntypes lost. •Valid as Siganus sutor (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:233 [ref. 6441], Woodland 1986:824 [ref. 6299], Woodland 1990:47 [ref. 19220], Kuiter 1993:376 [ref. 23929], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:549 [ref. 27969], Fricke 1999:532 [ref. 24106], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:147 [ref. 26232], Heemstra et al. 2004:3330 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:409 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2009:106 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1014 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2018:349 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Siganus sutor (Valenciennes 1835). Siganidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, East Africa, South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Chagos Archipelago, east Andaman Sea and Bali. Habitat: brackish, marine.

tetrazona, Amphacanthus Bleeker [P.] 1855:441 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 8 (no. 3); ref. 16840] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): lost. Type apparently lost but painting of it available (see Woodland 1990:25 [ref. 19220]). •Questionably a synonym of Siganus corallinus (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Woodland 1990:23 [ref. 19220]). •Valid as Siganus tetrazonus (Bleeker 1855) -- (Kuiter & Debelius 2001:170 [ref. 26232], Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830]). •Synonym of Siganus corallinus (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Adrim et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27715]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus corallinus (Valenciennes 1835). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

teuthopsis, Teuthis De Vis [C. W.] 1884:462 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 4898] Queensland coast, Australia. No types known. •Probably a synonym of Siganus corallinus (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Woodland 1990:23, 26 [ref. 19220]). •Incertae sedis in Siganidae -- (Allen et al. 2006:1728 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Uncertain as Siganus corallinus (Valenciennes 1835). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

trispilos, Siganus Woodland [D. J.] & Allen [G. R.] 1977:617, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1977 (no. 4); ref. 7297] Off Tantabiddi Creek, North West Cape, Western Australia, 21°55'S, 113°56'E. Holotype: WAM P.25366-001. Paratypes: USNM 216431 (1), WAM P.25542-003 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:43 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:50 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Siganus trispilos Woodland & Allen 1977 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:138 [ref. 25477], Woodland 1990:28 [ref. 19220], Allen 1997:222 [ref. 23977], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:171 [ref. 26232], Allen et al. 2006:1727 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Valid as Siganus trispilos Woodland & Allen 1977. Siganidae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

tubulosa, Teuthis Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:142 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Indian Ocean [probably Indonesia]. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.31 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:232 [ref. 13434] but as holotype. •Synonym of Siganus vulpinus (Schlegel & Müller 1845) -- (Wheeler 1958:232 [ref. 13434], Woodland 1990:109 [ref. 19220]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus vulpinus (Schlegel & Müller 1845). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

tumifrons, Amphacanthus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:159 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Shark Bay, Western Australia; Thailand (drawing by Dr. Finlayson). Syntypes: MNHN 0000-2949 (1) Shark Bay, MNHN A-6936 (1) Shark Bay. Type catalog: Bauchot 1965:574 [ref. 19223]. Types represent two species according to Woodland 1990:36, 59 [ref. 19220], with MNHN A-6936 representing Siganus spinus (Linnaeus 1758) and perhaps involving a curatorial error. •Valid as Siganus tumifrons (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Kuiter & Debelius 2001:149 [ref. 26232]). •Synonym of Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782) [in part] -- (Allen et al. 2006:1725 [ref. 29090], Kottelat 2013:440 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Siganus spinus (Linnaeus 1758) [in part] -- (Allen et al. 2006:1726 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn 1782). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

unimaculatus, Lo Evermann [B. W.] & Seale [A.] 1907:98, Fig. 19 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 26 (Doc. 607) (for 1906); ref. 1285] Bacon, Sorsogon, east coast of southern Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 55915. •Valid as Siganus unimaculatus (Evermann & Seale 1907) -- (Woodland 1990:113 [ref. 19220], Myers 1999:268 [ref. 23965], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1315 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:266 [ref. 25480], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:177 [ref. 26232], Woodland 2001:3650 [ref. 26300], Nakabo 2002:1315 [ref. 26193], Randall 2005:603 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1727 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1014 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Siganus unimaculatus (Evermann & Seale 1907). Siganidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines, Ryukyu Islands, Ogasawara Islands, and isolated population at Rowley Shoals (northeast shelf of Australia). Habitat: marine.

uspi, Siganus Gawel [M.] & Woodland [D. J.] 1974:859, Figs. 2-3 [Copeia 1974 (no. 4); ref. 7501] Joske Reef, 3 kilometers west of Suva, Viti Levu, Fiji Islands, 18°10'S, 178°19'E. Holotype: USNM 208429. Paratypes: AMS I.16637-001 (1), BPBM 13560 (1), CAS 15915 (1), RMNH 26698 (1), USNM 206520 (1). •Valid as Siganus uspi Gawel & Woodland 1974 -- (Woodland 1990:115 [ref. 19220], Myers 1999:268 [ref. 23965], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:178 [ref. 26232] dated 1907 [sic], Woodland 2001:3650 [ref. 26300], Randall 2005:602 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Valid as Siganus uspi Gawel & Woodland 1974. Siganidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Fiji, New Caledonia (?). Habitat: marine.

vermiculatus, Amphacanthus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:126 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] New Guinea. Lectotype: MNHN A-6956. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-6957 (1), ?RMNH D1111 or D1113 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1965:575 [ref. 19223] but use of "Holotype for A.6956 not regarded as lectotype designation. Lectotype selected by Woodland 1990:100 [ref. 19220] on holotype designation of Bauchot. •Synonym in part of Siganus sutor [Mauritius paralectotype] -- (Fricke 1999:532 [ref. 24106], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S120 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Siganus vermiculatus (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:234 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:544 [ref. 25598], Randall et al. 1990:440 [ref. 15987], Woodland 1990:98 [ref. 19220], Allen 1991:204 [ref. 21090], Kottelat et al. 1993:158 [ref. 23448], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:550 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:224 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:440 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:268 [ref. 23965], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1316 [ref. 25182], Sarkar et al. 2000:197 [ref. 25422], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:156 [ref. 26232], Sakai et al. 2001:121 [ref. 25693], Woodland 2001:3646 [ref. 26300], Nakabo 2002:1316 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:646 [ref. 27495], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:200 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:603 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1727 [ref. 29090], Motomura et al. 2010:225 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1014 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:441 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:180 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Siganus vermiculatus (Valenciennes 1835). Siganidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India and Sri Lanka to east Indian region, Micronesia and Fiji. Habitat: brackish, marine.

virgatus, Amphacanthus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835:133 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 10; ref. 1004] Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: MNHN A-6705. Paralectotypes: Probably RMNH 1547 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1965:575 [ref. 19223] but Bauchot's use of "Holotype" not regarded as lectotype designation. For lectotype designation and information on types see Woodland 1990:88 [ref. 19220]. •Valid as Siganus virgatus (Valenciennes 1835) -- (Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:233 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:138 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:436 [ref. 15987], Woodland 1990:86 [ref. 19220], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:299 [ref. 24014], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:550 [ref. 27969], Larson & Williams 1997:372 [ref. 23967], Kuiter 1997:378 [ref. 25488], Myers 1999:266 [ref. 23965], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1317 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:122 [ref. 25868], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:167 [ref. 26232], Sakai et al. 2001:121 [ref. 25693], Woodland 2001:3647 [ref. 26300], Nakabo 2002:1317 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S120 [ref. 27377], Adrim et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27715], Allen et al. 2006:1727 [ref. 29090], Kimura in Kimura & Matsuura 2009:299 [ref. 31172], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1015 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:213 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:441 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:200 [ref. 34464], Koeda et al. 2016:16 [ref. 35354], Motomura et al. 2017:204 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Siganus virgatus (Valenciennes 1835). Siganidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India and Sri Lanka to Australia, north to Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

vitianus, Teuthis Sauvage [H.-E.] 1882:173 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 6; ref. 3894] Fiji Islands. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1965:576 [ref. 19223]. •Synonym of Siganus argenteus (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Woodland 1990:38 [ref. 19220]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus argenteus (Quoy & Gaimard 1825). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.

vulpinus, Amphacanthus Schlegel [H.] & Müller [S.] 1845:12 [Verhandelingen over de natuurlijke geschiedenis der Nederlandsche overzeesche bezittingen / door de Leden der Natuurkundige Commissie in Indië en andere schrijvers; uitgegeven ... door C. J. Temminck No. 12; ref. 19222] Ternate Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 1552. Paralectotypes: RMNH 1107 (2). Lectotype selected by Woodland 1990:111 [ref. 19220]. •Valid as Siganus vulpinus (Schlegel & Müller 1845) -- (Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:234 [ref. 6441], Shen & Lin 1984:19 [ref. 13822], Randall et al. 1990:440 [ref. 15987], Woodland 1990:109 [ref. 19220], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:551 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:224 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:150 [ref. 26476] dated 1844, Kuiter 1997:380 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:440 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:268 [ref. 23965], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:443 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:266 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:122 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:104 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:176 [ref. 26232], Woodland 2001:3648 [ref. 26300] dated 1848, Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:200 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:603 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1727 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1015 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:180 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Siganus vulpinus (Schlegel & Müller 1845). Siganidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Caroline Islands and Vanuatu, north to Taiwan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

woodlandi, Siganus Randall [J. E.] & Kulbicki [M.] 2005:185, Figs. 1-3 [Cybium v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 28257] Fish market at Noumea, New Caledonia. Holotype: BPBM 39143. Paratypes: MNHN 2004-1197 (1); USNM 377117 (1). •Valid as Siganus woodlandi Randall & Kulbicki 2005 -- (Motomura et al. 2010:225 [ref. 31256], Koeda et al. 2016:98 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Siganus woodlandi Randall & Kulbicki 2005. Siganidae. Distribution: New Caledonia and southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

zoniceps, Siganus Seale [A.] 1906:69, Fig. 18 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 3999] Shortland Island, Solomon Islands, Pacific. Holotype: BPBM 1207. Paratypes: ANSP 91882 [ex. BPBM 1208] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:156 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Siganus puellus (Schlegel 1852) -- (Woodland 1990:63 [ref. 19220]). Current status: Synonym of Siganus puellus (Schlegel 1852). Siganidae. Habitat: marine.