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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Thunnus: [ 44 ] records


alalunga, Scomber Cetti [F.] 1777:191, Pl. (opposite p. 28) [Anfibi e pesci di Sardegna; ref. 18872] Sardinia, Italy, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Forgotten name. •In the synonymy of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:99 [ref. 13640], Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

alalunga, Scomber Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Cetti) 1788:139 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Sardinia, Italy, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Based on Cetti 1777:191, pl. (opposite p. 28) [ref. 18872]. Species name misspelled alalonga by Cuvier 1831:146 [ref. 30376]. •Valid as Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:97 [ref. 13640], Postel 1973:468 [ref. 7208], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:270 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:81 [ref. 5375], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:274 [ref. 9277], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:226 [ref. 6441], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:995 [ref. 13676], Collette 1986:837 [ref. 5647], Robins & Ray 1986:262 [ref. 23100], Allen & Swainston 1988:142 [ref. 25477], Scott & Scott 1988:456 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:231 [ref. 24556], Winterbottom et al. 1989:65 [ref. 13251], McAllister 1990:180 [ref. 14674], Randall et al. 1990:448 [ref. 15987], Collette 1990:991 [ref. 19476], Cervigón 1992:418 [ref. 23827], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:172 [ref. 25472], Cervigón 1994:257 [ref. 24488], Gomon et al. 1994:826 [ref. 22532], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1539 [ref. 22830], Khalaf et al. 1996:405 [ref. 23175], Santos et al. 1997:108 [ref. 23531], Allen 1997:230 [ref. 23977], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:274 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:587 [ref. 24023], Arruda 1997:101 [ref. 24952], Randall et al. 1997:448 [ref. 25919], Anderson et al. 1998:28 [ref. 23611], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:398 [ref. 24555], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Fricke 1999:566 [ref. 24106], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:333 [ref. 25013], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1349 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:480 [ref. 25191], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:40 [ref. 25650], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Collette 2001:3752 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:145 [ref. 26753], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:809 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:1349 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:418, 675 [ref. 26218], Collette 2003:1853 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:13 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:648 [ref. 27495] dated 1789, Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:103 [ref. 27192], Parin 2003:S30 [ref. 28536], Smith et al. 2003:68 [ref. 27621], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:421 [ref. 28072], Heemstra et al. 2004:3331 [ref. 27945], Lobel & Lobel 2004:77 [ref. 27576], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Pequeño 2004:96 [ref. 28123], Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624], Golani 2005:61 [ref. 37112], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:784 [ref. 28815], Mundy 2005:507 [ref. 28379], Vaske et al. 2005:78 [ref. 36155], Bray et al. 2006:1777 [ref. 29091], Fricke et al. 2007:111 [ref. 29533], Gomon 2008:788 [ref. 30616], Fricke et al. 2009:112 [ref. 30213], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:70 [ref. 36649], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32972], Larson et al. 2013:219 [ref. 32988], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:84 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33516], Parin et al. 2014:515 [ref. 33547], Fricke et al. 2014:188 [ref. 33932], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:118 [ref. 36167], Roberts 2015:1634 [ref. 34193], Pinheiro et al. 2015:32 [ref. 34324], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2911 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923], Nión et al. 2016:53 [ref. 35565] with author as Bonaterre, Kells et al. 2016:318 [ref. 35888], Fricke et al. 2018:364 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:171 [ref. 36273], Martins & Carneiro 2018:67 [ref. 36550], Brown et al. 2019:173 [ref. 36444], Burton & Lea 2019:93 [ref. 37205], Carneiro et al. 2019:169 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:100 [ref. 36864], Fricke et al. 2019:312 [ref. 36673], Collette & Graves 2019:225 [ref. 37341], Bariche & Fricke 2020:84 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:22 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas (including Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, South China Sea, Gulf of California). Habitat: marine.

alatunga, Scomber Gmelin [J. F.] (ex Cetti) 1789:1330 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Sardinia, Italy, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Based on Cetti 1777:191, pl. (opposite p. 28) [ref. 18872], apparently a misprint. Independent of Scomber alalunga Bonnaterre 1788. •Synonymy of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:99 [ref. 13640], Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae.

albacares, Scomber Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Sloane) 1788:140 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Jamaica [Caribbean Sea]. No types known. Based on 'Albicores' of Sloane 1707:11-12, Fig. 1 [ref. 30230]. •Valid as Thynnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Dor 1984:264 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:102 [ref. 13640], Postel 1973:469 [ref. 7208], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:273 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:274 [ref. 9277], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:226 [ref. 6441], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:995 [ref. 13676], Collette 1986:837 [ref. 5647], Robins & Ray 1986:262 [ref. 23100], Allen & Swainston 1988:142 [ref. 25477], Scott & Scott 1988:457 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:230 [ref. 24556], Winterbottom et al. 1989:66 [ref. 13251], McAllister 1990:180 [ref. 14674], Randall et al. 1990:448 [ref. 15987], Collette 1990:992 [ref. 19476], Boschung 1992:169 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:418 [ref. 23827], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:173 [ref. 25472], Cervigón 1994:258 [ref. 24488], Gomon et al. 1994:827 [ref. 22532], Allen & Robertson 1994:277 [ref. 22193], Goren & Dor 1994:70 [ref. 25356], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1540 [ref. 22830], Randall 1995:375 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:519 [ref. 27969], Santos et al. 1997:108 [ref. 23531], Allen 1997:230 [ref. 23977], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:274 [ref. 24545], Carpenter et al. 1997:226 [ref. 23922], Arruda 1997:101 [ref. 24952], Randall et al. 1997:448 [ref. 25919], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:399 [ref. 24555], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Miyabe & Bayliff 1998:129 [ref. 25507], Fricke 1999:566 [ref. 24106], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:333 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:80 [ref. 25466], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:29 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:94 [ref. 37268], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1350 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:480 [ref. 25191], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Collette 2001:3753 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:178 [ref. 26753], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:810 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:1350 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:418, 675 [ref. 26218], Collette et al. 2003:125 [ref. 26784], Collette 2003:1854 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:648 [ref. 27495], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:103 [ref. 27192], Parin 2003:S30 [ref. 28536], Lobel & Lobel 2004:77 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:421 [ref. 28072], Pequeño 2004:96 [ref. 28123], Mundy 2005:507 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:785 [ref. 28815], Vaske et al. 2005:78 [ref. 36155], Bray et al. 2006:1777 [ref. 29091], Wirtz et al. 2007:41 [ref. 30263], Randall 2007:450 [ref. 30952], Gomon 2008:789 [ref. 30616], Béarez & Séret 2009:151 [ref. 36646], Fricke et al. 2009:112 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:230 [ref. 31256], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708], Fricke et al. 2013:272 [ref. 32706], Wirtz et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32972], Larson et al. 2013:219 [ref. 32988], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:84 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33516], Parin et al. 2014:515 [ref. 33547], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:118 [ref. 36167], Psomadakis et al. 2015:317 [ref. 34104], Roberts 2015:1635 [ref. 34193], Pinheiro et al. 2015:33 [ref. 34324], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2912 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923], Koeda et al. 2016:107 [ref. 35333], Nión et al. 2016:53 [ref. 35565] with author as Bonaterre, Kells et al. 2016:318 [ref. 35888], Motomura et al. 2017:215 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:364 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:171 [ref. 36273], Martins & Carneiro 2018:66 [ref. 36550], Brown et al. 2019:173 [ref. 36444], Burton & Lea 2019:93 [ref. 37205], Carneiro et al. 2019:170 [ref. 37250], Eagderi et al. 2019:105 [ref. 37020], Hoschke et al. 2019:160 [ref. 36626], Zajonz et al. 2019:100 [ref. 36871], Collette & Graves 2019:232 [ref. 37341], Psomadakis et al. 2020:574 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas (including Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, Red Sea, Persian Gulf, South China Sea, Gulf of California). Habitat: marine.

albacora, Thynnus Lowe [R. T.] 1839:77 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1839 (pt 7); ref. 2829] Off Madeira. No types known. •Valid as Thunnus albacora Lowe 1839 -- (Chen et al. 1997:160 [ref. 26476]). •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:102 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:995 [ref. 13676], Collette 1990:992 [ref. 19476], Collette 2001:3753 [ref. 26305], Collette 2003:1854 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2912 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

albacorus, Scomber Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:599 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Bassin des Antilles [Jamaica, Caribbean Sea]. Unnecessary replacement name for Scomber albacares Bonnaterre 1788. Also in Lacepède 1801:48 [ref. 2710]. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:286, 385 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •In the synonymy of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:102 [ref. 13640], Postel 1973:498 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:992 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:21 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae.

albicans, Scomber Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:216 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Eastern Atlantic off West Africa at 4°40'N; Sardinia, Italy, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Based on three sources, 'Albekor' of Osbeck 1765: 90 [ref. 19361], 'Alba coretta Pisonis' of Willughby 1686:App. 5, 16, Pl. M5 (fig. 1) and Pl. 9 (fig. 1) [ref. 30164], and 'Alalunga' of Cetti 1777:191, pl. (opposite p. 28) [ref. 18872]. •Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Collette 2003:13 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

allisoni, Thunnus Mowbray [L. L.] 1920:9, Fig. [Copeia No. 78; ref. 15319] Biscayne Bay, Miami, Florida and in Gulf Stream, U.S.A. Syntypes: (3, whereabouts unknown). •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:102 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:992 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

ambiguus, Parathunnus Mowbray [L. L.] 1935:[1] [Bermuda Gov't Aquarium; ref. 21058] Bermuda. No types known. •Synonym of Thunnus atlanticus (Lesson 1831) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:107 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:85 [ref. 5375], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:333 [ref. 25013], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus atlanticus (Lesson 1831). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

argentivittatus, Thynnus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:134 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Atlantic and Indian oceans. Syntypes: MNHN A-5567 (1, dry, poor condition), A-5572 (1, half skin, poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:376 [ref. 20733], Blanc & Bauchot 1964:453-454, Figs. 29-30 [ref. 20804], Collette 1966:372 [ref. 14641]; see Collette for information on an erroneous lectotype designation. •Incertae sedis in Scombridae -- (Collette 2003:17 [ref. 27312]). •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Postel 1973:469 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:992 [ref. 19476], Collette 2001:3753 [ref. 26305], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2912 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

atlanticus, Thynnus Lesson [R. P.] 1831:165 [Voyage autour du monde Zool. v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 2776] Trindade, Martin Vaz Islands, off southeastern Brazil, South Atlantic, 20°31'S, 29°19'W. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Thunnus atlanticus (Lesson 1831) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:107 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:85 [ref. 5375], Robins & Ray 1986:262 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:169 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:419 [ref. 23827], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:333 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Collette et al. 2003:125 [ref. 26784], Collette 2003:1855 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:103 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:68 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:786 [ref. 28815], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:84 [ref. 33341], Pinheiro et al. 2015:33 [ref. 34324], Carneiro et al. 2019:170 [ref. 37250], Collette & Graves 2019:240 [ref. 37341], Guabiroba et al. 2020:704 [ref. 37571]). Current status: Valid as Thunnus atlanticus (Lesson 1831). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic; northeastern Atlantic: Azores. Habitat: marine.

balteatus, Thynnus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:136 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] By way of Trindade, Martin Vaz Islands, off southeastern Brazil, South Atlantic, 20°31'S, 29°19'W. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:377 [ref. 20733]. Based on Lesson's unpublished drawing. •Synonym of Thunnus atlanticus (Lesson 1831) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:107 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:85 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus atlanticus (Lesson 1831). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

brevipinna, Neothunnus albacora forma Bellón [L.] & Bardán de Bellón [E.] 1949:15, Fig. 1A [Boletín del Instituto Español de Oceanografía No. 19; ref. 19690] Canary Islands. Syntypes: (11, whereabouts unknown). •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:103 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:993 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

catalinae, Neothunnus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1926:19, Pl. 4 [Occasional Papers California Academy of Sciences v. 12; ref. 15593] Off Santa Catalina Island, southern California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS 597 (photograph only). Original says type is CAS 597, a photograph. •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:103 [ref. 13640], Collette 1990:993 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

germo, Scomber Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:1 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Eastern Pacific at about 27°S, 103°W. No types known. Appeared earlier as Scomber germon in Lacepède 1800:598 [ref. 2709]. The section on "les scombres" was started at the end of Lacepède 1800 (v. 2) and continued at the beginning of Lacepède 1801 (v. 3); therefore, the descriptions of Scomber germon and Scomber germo are in reference to the same species but appeared in separate volumes published in different years with different spellings. See Scomber germon Lacepède 1800. Based on manuscript description by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:284, 319 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473] as Scomber germon on p. 284 and as Scomber germo on p. 319. •Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Collette 1990:991 [ref. 19476], Collette 2001:3752 [ref. 26305], Collette 2003:1853 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2911 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

germo, Scomber Bennett [F. D.] 1840:278 [Narrative of a whaling voyage round the globe v. 2; ref. 260] Pacific. No types known. Based on Scomber germo Commerson, an unavailable name made available first by Lacepède 1801. •Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:826 [ref. 22532], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

germon, Scomber Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1800:598 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Eastern Pacific (27°S, 103°W). No types known. Also in Lacepède 1801:1 [ref. 2710] as Scomber germo. The section on "les scombres" was started at the end of Lacepède 1800 (v. 2) and continued at the beginning of Lacepède 1801 (v. 3); therefore, the descriptions of Scomber germon and Scomber germo are in reference to the same species but appeared in separate volumes published in different years with different spellings; both are treated as independent description. See Scomber germo Lacepède 1801. Based on manuscript description by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:284, 319 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473] as Scomber germon on p. 284 and as Scomber germo on p. 319. •Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:99 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:81 [ref. 5375] as germo, Collette 1990:991 [ref. 19476] as germo, Collette 2003:13 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

guildi, Semathunnus Fowler [H. W.] 1933:164, Pl. 12 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 85; ref. 1415] Tahiti, Society Islands. Holotype (unique): ANSP 55982 (dry). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:152 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:103 [ref. 13640], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:273 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:993 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312], Mundy 2005:507 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

itosibi, Neothunnus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1926:22, Pl. 6 [Occasional Papers California Academy of Sciences v. 12; ref. 15593] Honolulu market, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): CAS 598 (photograph only). Original says type is CAS 598, a photograph. •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:103 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:993 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312], Mundy 2005:507 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

linnei, Thynnus Malm [A. W.] 1877:412 [ ref. 2881] No types known. Original as Linnéi. Tentatively regarded as an unneeded new name for and objective synonym of Scomber thynnus Linnaeus 1758 (to avoid "Strickland tautonomy"). Locality Sweden. •Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

longipinna, Neothunnus albacora forma Bellón [L.] & Bardán de Bellón [E.] 1949:15, Fig. 1B [Boletín del Instituto Español de Oceanografía No. 19; ref. 19690] No types known. Unneeded new name for and objective synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:103 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:993 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

maccoyii, Thynnus Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:104 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Melbourne market, Victoria, Australia. Holotype: MNHN 0000-0515 (not found). Type catalog: Blanc & Bauchot 1964:456 [ref. 20804]. Original as maccoyü on p. 104, maccoyii on p. 240; the later correctly formed, maccoyü regarded as a printing error. •Valid as Thunnus maccoyii (Castelnau 1872) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:115 [ref. 13640], Collette & Smith 1981:166 [ref. 21091], Collette & Nauen 1983:87 [ref. 5375], Collette 1986:837 [ref. 5647], Allen & Swainston 1988:142 [ref. 25477], Paulin et al. 1989:230 [ref. 24556], Randall et al. 1990:449 [ref. 15987], Nakamura 1990:404 [ref. 21700], Gomon et al. 1994:828 [ref. 22532], Allen 1997:230 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:449 [ref. 25919], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Collette 2001:3754 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Collette 2003:15 [ref. 27312], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:212 [ref. 27510], Bray et al. 2006:1778 [ref. 29091], Gomon 2008:789 [ref. 30616], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:118 [ref. 36167], Roberts 2015:1636 [ref. 34193], Nión et al. 2016:53 [ref. 35565], Hoschke et al. 2019:160 [ref. 36626], Collette & Graves 2019:246 [ref. 37341]). Current status: Valid as Thunnus maccoyii (Castelnau 1872). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: marine.

macropterus, Thynnus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1844:98, Pl. 51 [Fauna Japonica Parts 5-6; ref. 4372] Southwestern Japan. No types known. Boeseman 1947:93 and 1964:465 considered RMNH 2252 as holotype, but Gibbs & Collette 1967:104 [ref. 13640] point out that it does not match the specimen in the original description. •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:102 [ref. 13640], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:273 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Dor 1984:264 [ref. 29757], Collette 1990:992 [ref. 19476], Gomon et al. 1994:827 [ref. 22532], Collette 2001:3753 [ref. 26305], Collette 2003:1854 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312], Mundy 2005:507 [ref. 28379], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2912 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

mebachi, Thunnus Kishinouye [K.] 1915:19 [11], Pl. 1 (fig. 11) [Suisan Gakkai Ho v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 18416] Ruykyu Islands, Japan; Taiwan. No types known. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:60 [ref. 31432]. On p. 11 of English translation. No type was designated in the original description according to Ho & Shao 2011:60 [ref. 31432]. •Synonym of Thunnus obesus (Lowe 1839) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:109 [ref. 13640], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:271 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:88 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:994 [ref. 19476], Collette 2001:3755 [ref. 26305], Collette 2003:1856 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:15 [ref. 27312], Ho & Shao 2011:60 [ref. 31432], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2913 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus obesus (Lowe 1839). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

mediterraneus, Thynnus Risso [A.] 1827:414 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:116 [ref. 13640], Postel 1973:467 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:90 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:995 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

nicolsoni, Thunnus Whitley [G. P.] 1936:30, Fig. 2 [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 11 (pt 1); ref. 4687] Between Lindeman and Maher Islands, Cumberland Group, Queensland, Australia, depth 2 fathoms. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.6553 (head). •Synonym of Thunnus tonggol (Bleeker 1851) -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:92 [ref. 5375] as nicholsoni, Collette 2003:15 [ref. 27312], Bray et al. 2006:1778 [ref. 29091]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus tonggol (Bleeker 1851). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

obesus, Thynnus Lowe [R. T.] 1839:78 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1839 (pt 7); ref. 2829] Madeira, eastern Atlantic. No types known. •Valid as Thunnus obesus (Lowe 1839) -- (Postel 1973:469 [ref. 7208], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:271 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:88 [ref. 5375], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:274 [ref. 9277], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:226 [ref. 6441], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:996 [ref. 13676], Collette 1986:838 [ref. 5647], Robins & Ray 1986:262 [ref. 23100], Allen & Swainston 1988:142 [ref. 25477], Scott & Scott 1988:458 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:231 [ref. 24556], Winterbottom et al. 1989:66 [ref. 13251], McAllister 1990:180 [ref. 14674], Randall et al. 1990:449 [ref. 15987], Collette 1990:994 [ref. 19476], Cervigón 1992:419 [ref. 23827], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:173 [ref. 25472], Cervigón 1994:261 [ref. 24488], Allen & Robertson 1994:277 [ref. 22193], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1540 [ref. 22830], Randall 1995:376 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:520 [ref. 27969], Santos et al. 1997:109 [ref. 23531], Allen 1997:230 [ref. 23977], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:589 [ref. 24023], Arruda 1997:102 [ref. 24952], Randall et al. 1997:449 [ref. 25919], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:398 [ref. 24555], Miyabe & Bayliff 1998:129 [ref. 25507], Fricke 1999:566 [ref. 24106], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:334 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:80 [ref. 25466], Randall 1999:29 [ref. 25829], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1350 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:481 [ref. 25191], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Collette 2001:3755 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:178 [ref. 26753], Nakabo 2002:1350 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:418, 675 [ref. 26218], Collette et al. 2003:126 [ref. 26784], Collette 2003:1856 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:15 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:648 [ref. 27495], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:103 [ref. 27192], Parin 2003:S30 [ref. 28536], Lobel & Lobel 2004:77 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:31 [ref. 27624], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Heemstra et al. 2004:3331 [ref. 27945], Mundy 2005:507 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:787 [ref. 28815], Vaske et al. 2005:78 [ref. 36155], Bray et al. 2006:1778 [ref. 29091], Wirtz et al. 2007:41 [ref. 30263], Gomon 2008:790 [ref. 30616], Fricke et al. 2009:112 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:230 [ref. 31256], Ho & Shao 2011:60 [ref. 31432], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708], Larson et al. 2013:220 [ref. 32988], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:84 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33516], Parin et al. 2014:515 [ref. 33547], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:118 [ref. 36167], Psomadakis et al. 2015:317 [ref. 34104], Roberts 2015:1637 [ref. 34193], Pinheiro et al. 2015:33 [ref. 34324], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2913 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923], Koeda et al. 2016:107 [ref. 35333], Nión et al. 2016:53 [ref. 35565] with author as Löwe, Kells et al. 2016:318 [ref. 35888], Fricke et al. 2018:364 [ref. 35805], Martins & Carneiro 2018:68 [ref. 36550], Brown et al. 2019:173 [ref. 36444], Burton & Lea 2019:93 [ref. 37205], Carneiro et al. 2019:170 [ref. 37250], Eagderi et al. 2019:105 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:312 [ref. 36673], Collette & Graves 2019:252 [ref. 37341], Moore et al. 2020:110 [ref. 37357], Psomadakis et al. 2020:574 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Thunnus obesus (Lowe 1839). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas (including Caribbean Sea, Persian Gulf, South China Sea). Habitat: marine.

orientalis, Thynnus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1844:94 [Fauna Japonica Parts 5-6; ref. 4372] Nagasak, Nagasaki, Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): RMNH D794 (dry). Type catalog: Boeseman 1947:91 [ref. 12876], Boeseman 1964:466, Fig. 14 [ref. 20805]. Formerly considered a subspecies until raised to specific status by Collette 1999 [ref. 23936] and Collette et al. 2001 [ref. 25629]. •Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:117 [ref. 13640], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:268 [ref. 7348], Collette & Smith 1981 [ref. 21091], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:997 [ref. 13676], Scott & Scott 1988:462 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:180 [ref. 14674], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1542 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:274 [ref. 24545], Parin 2003:S30 [ref. 28536]). •Valid as Thunnus orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1844) -- (Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:398 [ref. 24555], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:14 [ref. 24670], Collette 1999:163 [ref. 23936], Mishra et al. 1999:89 [ref. 25315], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:811 [ref. 25968], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:1857 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:15 [ref. 27312], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:508 [ref. 28379], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:515 [ref. 33547], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:118 [ref. 36167], Roberts 2015:1638 [ref. 34193], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2914 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668], Kells et al. 2016:318 [ref. 35888], Burton & Lea 2019:93 [ref. 37205], Sonoyama et al. 2020:113 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Thunnus orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1844). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Pacific Ocean: Philippines east to eastern Pacific from Gulf of Alaska south to California (U.S.A.) and Revillagigedo Archipelago (Mexico); north to Sea of Japan and southern Okhotsk Sea, south to Kermadec Islands. Habitat: marine.

pacificus, Orcynus Cooper [J. G.] 1863:75, Fig. 19 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1) v. 3 (sig. 5); ref. 905] Southern coast of California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): [ex Calif. State Coll. 1033] (whereabouts unknown). Secondarily preoccupied in Thunnus by Thynnus pacificus Cuvier 1832. •Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:100 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:81 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:991 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

pacificus, Thynnus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:133 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN A-6862 (1) Indian seas. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:377 [ref. 20733] and Blanc & Bauchot 1964:456, Fig. 37 [ref. 20804] as holotype; Collette 1966:373 [ref. 14641]. Based on Scomber germo Lacepède 1800 (ex Commerson manuscript) and a specimen; not regarded as a replacement name. Collette 1966:373 [ref. 14641] treated as a replacement name. •Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:99 [ref. 13640], Collette 1990:991 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

phillipsi, Thunnus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1926:13, Pl. 2 (fig. 4) [Occasional Papers California Academy of Sciences v. 12; ref. 15593] Bay of Islands, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): CAS 596 (photograph only). Original states that the type is CAS 596, a photograph of a mounted specimen. •Synonym of Thunnus maccoyii (Castelnau 1872) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:115 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:87 [ref. 5375], Nakamura 1990:404 [ref. 21700], Collette 2003:15 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus maccoyii (Castelnau 1872). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

rarus, Thunnus Kishinouye [K.] 1915:28 [12], Pl. 1 (fig. 13) [Suisan Gakkai Ho v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 18416] Tokyo market, Japan. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. On p. 12 of English translation. Also appeared in Kishinouye 1923:448, figs. 24, 48 and 64 [ref. 2609]. •Synonym of Thunnus tonggol (Bleeker 1851) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:120 [ref. 13640], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:274 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:92 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:15 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus tonggol (Bleeker 1851). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

rosengarteni, Parathunnus Fowler [H. W.] 1934:354, Figs. 3-5 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 16421] Key Largo, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 60174 (dry, mounted). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:152 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Thunnus atlanticus (Lesson 1831) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:107 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:85 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus atlanticus (Lesson 1831). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

saliens, Thunnus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1926:10, Pls. 1, 2 (figs. 1-3) [Occasional Papers California Academy of Sciences v. 12; ref. 15593] Off Santa Catalina Island, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS 595 (photograph only). Original states that type is CAS 595, a photograph. •Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758), subspecies orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1844) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:118 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:90 [ref. 5375]). •Synonym of Thunnus orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1844) -- (Mecklenburg et al. 2002:811 [ref. 25968], Collette 2003:15 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1844). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

schlegelii, Orcynus Steindachner [F.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1884:178 [10], Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. v. 49 (1. Abth.); ref. 4248] Tokyo, Japan. Holotype (unique): NMW (not found). Genus misspelled as Orcinus on figure-caption page (p. 212 [44]). •Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758), subspecies orientalis Temminck & Schlegel 1844 -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:117 [ref. 13640], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:268 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:90 [ref. 5375]). •Synonym of Thunnus orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1844) -- (Collette 2003:15 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel 1844). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

secundodorsalis, Thynnus Storer [D. H.] 1853:143, Pl. 12 (fig. 4) [Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (new series) v. 5 (pt 1, art. 8); ref. 18851] Cape Ann and Provincetown, Massachusetts, U.S.A. Syntypes: (2) whereabouts unknown. Originally as secundo-dorsalis. •Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:117 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:90 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:995 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

sibi, Thynnus Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1844:97, Pl. 50 [Fauna Japonica Parts 5-6; ref. 4372] Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D2327 (dry). Paralectotypes: RMNH D799 (1, dry). Type catalog: Boeseman 1964:465-466, Fig. 13 [ref. 20805]. Spelled sibi in main account (p. 97); as sibu in index (p. 318) and on plate 50. Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:93 [ref. 12876]. •Synonym of Thunnus obesus (Lowe 1839) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:109 [ref. 13640], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:271 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:88 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:994 [ref. 19476], Collette 2001:3755 [ref. 26305], Collette 2003:1856 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:15 [ref. 27312], Parin 2003:S30 [ref. 28536], Mundy 2005:507 [ref. 28379], Parin et al. 2014:515 [ref. 33547], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2913 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus obesus (Lowe 1839). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

sloanei, Scomber Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:148 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Jamaica. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Blanc 1961:375 [ref. 20733]. Based on preLinnaean Sloane 1707:11-12. Fig. 1. •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:102 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:992 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

steadi, Germo germon Whitley [G. P.] 1933:81, Pl. 11 (fig. 1) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 19 (no. 1); ref. 4677] New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS IA.2457. Paratypes: AMS IA.47 (1, head & fins). •Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:100 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:81 [ref. 5375], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312], Bray et al. 2006:1777 [ref. 29091]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

subulatus, Orcynus Poey [F.] 1875:145 [71], Pl. 7 [3] (figs. 4-5) [Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, Madrid v. 4 (for 13 Jan. 1875); ref. 3509] Cuba. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. On p. 71 of separate. •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:102 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:992 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

thynnus, Scomber Linnaeus [C.] 1758:297 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Pelagic, between the tropics. No types known. Misspelled thinnus in early literature. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:49 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Postel 1973:467 [ref. 7208], Gibbs & Collette 1967:116 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:88 [ref. 5375], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:275 [ref. 9277], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:226 [ref. 6441], Collette in Whitehead et al. 1986:997 [ref. 13676], Collette 1986:838 [ref. 5647], Robins & Ray 1986:263 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:459 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:180 [ref. 14674], Collette 1990:995 [ref. 19476], Cervigón 1992:419 [ref. 23827], Allen & Robertson 1994:278 [ref. 22193], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:274 [ref. 24545], Santos et al. 1997:109 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:102 [ref. 24952], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:398 [ref. 24555], Collette 1999:163 [ref. 23936], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:334 [ref. 25013], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Fricke 1999:49 [ref. 24101], Nakabo 2000:1349 [ref. 25182], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:40 [ref. 25650], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Kolpakov & Barabanshchikov 2001:423 [ref. 25413], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Collette in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:531 [ref. 26158], Nakabo 2002:1349 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:418, 675 [ref. 26218], Alvarez-León 2002:228 [ref. 26373], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:145 [ref. 26753], Roe et al. 2002:903 [ref. 26504], Collette 2003:1857 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:103 [ref. 27192], Parin 2003:S30 [ref. 28536] with subspecies, Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Golani 2005:61 [ref. 37112], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:788 [ref. 28815], Fricke 2007:25 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:111 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:182 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:173 [ref. 31251], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:70 [ref. 36649], Møller et al. 2010:68 [ref. 31169], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:182 [ref. 32953], Wirtz et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33516], Parin et al. 2014:516 [ref. 33547], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2914 [ref. 34618], Nión et al. 2016:53 [ref. 35565] as thynnus thynnus, Martins & Carneiro 2018:65 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:560 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:170 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:100 [ref. 36864], Collette & Graves 2019:265 [ref. 37341], Bariche & Fricke 2020:84 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:22 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea; North Sea;, Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; Black Sea; temperate waters of the North Atlantic; southeastern Atlantic: South Africa. Habitat: marine.

tonggol, Thynnus Bleeker [P.] 1851:356 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 326] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Neotype: RMNH 6406. Neotype designated by Boeseman 1964:466, Fig. 15 [ref. 20805]. •Valid as Thunnus tonggol (Bleeker 1851) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:120 [ref. 13640], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:274 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:92 [ref. 5375], Dor 1984:264 [ref. 29757], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:226 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:142 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:449 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:70 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:376 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:521 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:230 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:226 [ref. 23922], Randall et al. 1997:449 [ref. 25919], Anderson et al. 1998:28 [ref. 23611], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:644 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1349 [ref. 25182], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:104 [ref. 26368], Collette 2001:3756 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:1349 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:418, 676 [ref. 26218] dated 1852, Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Bray et al. 2006:1778 [ref. 29091], Larson et al. 2013:220 [ref. 32988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:318 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:215 [ref. 35490], Golani & Fricke 2018:171 [ref. 36273], Matsuo & Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:279 [ref. 36460], Eagderi et al. 2019:105 [ref. 37020], Collette & Graves 2019:274 [ref. 37341], Psomadakis et al. 2020:575 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:114 [ref. 37637]). Current status: Valid as Thunnus tonggol (Bleeker 1851). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Persian Gulf east to New Guinea, north to central Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

vulgaris, Thynnus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:58, Pl. 210 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 8; ref. 1000] Europe. No types known. Unneeded new name for and objective synonym of Scomber thynnus Linnaeus 1758 (probably to avoid Strickland tautonymy). •Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:116 [ref. 13640], Postel 1973:467 [ref. 7208], Collette & Nauen 1983:90 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:995 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus 1758). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.

zacalles, Kishinoella Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1926:27, Pl. 7 [Occasional Papers California Academy of Sciences v. 12; ref. 15593] Honolulu market, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: CAS 599 (photograph only). Original states that type is CAS 599, a photograph. •Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788) -- (Gibbs & Collette 1967:103 [ref. 13640], Collette & Nauen 1983:83 [ref. 5375], Collette 1990:993 [ref. 19476], Collette 2003:14 [ref. 27312], Mundy 2005:507 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre 1788). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Habitat: marine.