Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Zanclus: [ 8 ] records


canescens, Chaetodon Linnaeus [C.] 1758:272 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] "Indiis". Holotype (unique): MNHN A-0681 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:118-119 [ref. 20718], Bauchot & Randall 1996:63 [ref. 22195]. Based on a figure of a specimen in Seba, Pl. 25, no. 7 [MNHN A-0681] as quoted by Artedi. •Valid as Zanclus canescens (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Heemstra & Smith 1986:823 [ref. 5668], Paulin et al. 1989:226 [ref. 24556], Krupp in Fischer et al. 1995:844 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:48 [ref. 24545]). •Synonym of Zanclus cornutus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Randall et al. 1990:434 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:375 [ref. 23929], Allen & Robertson 1994:275 [ref. 22193], Randall 1995:375 [ref. 22896], Fricke 1999:533 [ref. 24106], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:642 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:261 [ref. 25480], Thomson et al. 2000:257 [ref. 25640], Randall 2001:3651 [ref. 26301], Randall 2005:572 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:485 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1730 [ref. 29090]). Current status: Synonym of Zanclus cornutus (Linnaeus 1758). Zanclidae. Habitat: marine.

centrognathos, Zanclus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:528 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Near the Equator 75°E (stomach content); Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific. Syntypes: ?MNHN 0000-0701 (1) Vanikolo, MNHN 0000-3078 (3) Indian Ocean. Type catalog: Bauchot & Randall 1996:64 [ref. 22195]. •Synonym of Zanclus cornutus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bauchot & Randall 1996:64 [ref. 22195]). Current status: Synonym of Zanclus cornutus (Linnaeus 1758). Zanclidae. Habitat: marine.

cornutus, Chaetodon Linnaeus [C.] 1758:273 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Indian seas. No types known. Type catalog: Wheeler 1991:181-183, Fig. 21 [ref. 20102]. Zanclus cornutus (Linnaeus 1758) and Z. canescens (Linnaeus 1758) date to the same work; authors differ on which name to use, and both names are in current literture, even though authors regard them as the same species. Randall 1955:170-171 [ref. 24569] picked cornutus over canescens but mentioned that canescens had page priority. Page priority, however, has technically never been a way to determine priority -- that takes a first reviser. According to Randall (pers. comm. 7/2000), Cuvier 1831:102-111 [ref. 4881] was the first to indicate that canescens was the young of cornutus; since Cuvier was the first to mention both names and select one (cornutus) over the other as valid, then he is the first reviser. The name cornutus should be used, unless an earlier first reviser is found. •Synonym of Zanclus canescens (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Heemstra & Smith 1986:823 [ref. 5668]). •Valid as Zanclus cornutus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:242 [ref. 7348], Kyushin et al. 1982:153 [ref. 19754], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:228 [ref. 6441], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1985:533, 700 [ref. 8056], Johnson & Washington 1987:459 [ref. 11442], Allen & Swainston 1988:138 [ref. 25477], Pequeño 1989:62 [ref. 14125], Winterbottom et al. 1989:65 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:434 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:375 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:167 [ref. 25479], Allen & Robertson 1994:274 [ref. 22193], Allen 1997:222 [ref. 23977], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:561 [ref. 24023], Chen et al. 1997:151 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:374 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:434 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:268 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:750 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:29 [ref. 25829], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:642 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1318 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:437 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:261 [ref. 25480], Thomson et al. 2000:257 [ref. 25640], Randall & Earle 2000:21 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:123 [ref. 25868], Shinohara et al. 2000:183 [ref. 25987], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:140 [ref. 26232], Randall 2001:3651 [ref. 26301], Nakabo 2002:1318 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:414, 669 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S120 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:646 [ref. 27495], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:201 [ref. 27510], Lobel & Lobel 2004:76 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:29 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:127 [ref. 27715], Nelson et al. 2004:174 [ref. 27807], Heemstra et al. 2004:3330 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:408 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:572 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:485 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1730 [ref. 29090], Randall 2007:414 [ref. 30952], Béarez & Séret 2009:151 [ref. 36646], Fricke et al. 2009:106 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Kimura 2009:300 [ref. 30426], Motomura et al. 2010:225 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1016 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:180 [ref. 32708], Fricke et al. 2013:270 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:181 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:117 [ref. 36167], Struthers 2015:1590 [ref. 34302], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:150 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:450 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923], Koeda et al. 2016:99 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:16 [ref. 35354], Fowler et al. 2017:[5] 2253 [ref. 36358], Motomura et al. 2017:204 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:350 [ref. 35805], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:273 [ref. 36460], Hoschke et al. 2019:160 [ref. 36626], Zajonz et al. 2019:98 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Zanclus cornutus (Linnaeus 1758). Zanclidae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Clipperton Island, Mexico and Panama, north to southern Japan, Ogasawara Islands and Hawaiian Islands, south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia), Sydney (New South Wales, Australia), Lord Howe Island, Kermadec islands and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

moerens, Gonopterus Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:77 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] India. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.73 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:230 [ref. 13434] but as holotype. •Synonym of Zanclus cornutus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Wheeler 1958:230 [ref. 13434]). Current status: Synonym of Zanclus cornutus (Linnaeus 1758). Zanclidae. Habitat: marine.

montrouzieri, Zanclus Thiollière [V. J. de l'I.] in Montrouzier 1857:446 [168] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. No types known. On p. 168 of reprint. •Synonym of Zanclus cornutus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Zanclus cornutus (Linnaeus 1758). Zanclidae. Habitat: marine.

nigro, Chaetodon Commerson [P.] in Lacepède 1802:472 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Appeared as "Chaetodon nigro, flavo exalbido ..." in the account of Chaetodon cornutus. Regarded as non-binominal and not available. See ICZN Opinion 89. •Probably in the synonymy of Zanclus cornutus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Zanclus cornutus (Linnaeus 1758). Zanclidae.

nudus, Chaetodon Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:76 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Indian Ocean. No types known. •Synonym of Zanclus cornutus (Linnaeus 1758) or incorrect family. Current status: Uncertain as Zanclus cornutus (Linnaeus 1758). Zanclidae. Habitat: marine.

ruthiae, Zanclus Bryan [W. A.] 1906:22 [276], Fig. 2 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 15141] Honolulu market, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): BPBM 3359. •Synonym of Zanclus cornutus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Mundy 2005:485 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Zanclus cornutus (Linnaeus 1758). Zanclidae. Habitat: marine.