Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 9 November 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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viridensis, Sphyraena Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:339 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 3; ref. 4879] St. Jago, Cape Verde Islands. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-3561. Type catalog: Blanc & Hureau 1971:678 [ref. 21541]. •Valid as Sphyraena viridensis Cuvier 1829 -- (Tortonese 1973:566 [ref. 7192], Ben-Tuvia in Whitehead et al. 1986:1196 [ref. 13677], de Sylva 1990:864 [ref. 19190], Relini & Orsi Relini 1997:216 [ref. 23099], Santos et al. 1997:104 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:113 [ref. 24952], Vacchi et al. 1999:325 [ref. 24369], Massutí et al. 2001:98 [ref. 26220], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:139 [ref. 26753], Kara & Bourehail 2003:59 [ref. 27026], Golani 2005:59 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:109 [ref. 29533], Pastore 2009:1299 [ref. 30405], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:68 [ref. 36649], Wirtz et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32972], Russell in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2872 [ref. 34618], Martins & Carneiro 2018:175 [ref. 36550], Ballen 2019:402 [ref. 37027], Carneiro et al. 2019:296 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:100 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:95 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:43 [ref. 37519], Dulčić & Bragičević in Santín et al. 2021:208 [ref. 38223], Golani 2021:82 [ref. 38303]). Current status: Valid as Sphyraena viridensis Cuvier 1829. Sphyraenidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; eastern Atlantic: Portugal, Azores, Madeira, Canary Islands, possibly more widespread. Habitat: marine.