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|Online Version, Updated 13 April 2021|
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes - version of 13 April 2021 (Continuously updated since the early 1980s, around the turn of the month.)
In this edition, we provide 114 new species in 2021. In 2020 there were 358 new species described.
We record 35,845 valid fish species, including 18,078 valid fish species with the tag ‘Habitat: freshwater’.
Update from Nov. 2, 2020 - We have updated our existing page, Species by Family/Subfamily, to include counts for genera also. The page is now named Genera/Species by Family/Subfamily.
Updated Apr. 9, 2020 - Authors' Count of Species/Subspecies Descriptions. See how many species/subspecies each author has described.
We are making additions to:
Van der Laan, R., W. N. Eschmeyer & R. Fricke 2014 (11 Nov.), Family-group names of Recent fishes. Zootaxa Monograph 3882 (1), 1-230. DOI 10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1
See Family Group Names for future updates by R. Van der Laan.
By default, search results will not include item 3 names -- unavailable names that detract from the main list of available names. These are mostly names mentioned in synonymy, names in lists, etc. They are still in the database, so if you want to see them, check the box labeled Include unavailable names before searching.
Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Van der Laan, R. (eds) 2021. ESCHMEYER'S CATALOG OF FISHES: GENERA, SPECIES, REFERENCES. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2021.
Fricke, R. (ed) 2021. ESCHMEYER'S CATALOG OF FISHES: REFERENCES. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2021. [Ron Fricke devoted much time to improving references and journals, many of which had not been examined in 15 to 25 years. Please remember that the title of a paper often differs in three places: the title on the paper itself, the contents listed by the journal, and in the PDF provided by the journal. Ron tends to follow the title on the pdf for recent papers and the title on the original for earlier publications. Many of our dates of publication are documented for priority purposes. Some current journals have a target date, but actual publication is often delayed. For nomenclatural date problems, we will help if we can.]
Van der Laan, R. & Fricke, R. 2021. ESCHMEYER'S CATALOG OF FISHES: FAMILY-GROUP NAMES. (http://www.calacademy.org/scientists/catalog-of-fishes-family-group-names/). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2021.
Van der Laan, R., Fricke, R. & Eschmeyer, W. N. (eds) 2021. ESCHMEYER'S CATALOG OF FISHES: CLASSIFICATION. (http://www.calacademy.org/scientists/catalog-of-fishes-classification/). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2021.
Fricke, R. & Eschmeyer, W. N. 2021. ESCHMEYER'S CATALOG OF FISHES: JOURNALS. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/journals.asp). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2021. [Includes all journals appearing in the Catalog, including publication information and ISSN numbers.]
Fricke, R. & Eschmeyer, W. N. 2021 ESCHMEYER'S CATALOG OF FISHES: GUIDE TO FISH COLLECTIONS. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/collections.asp). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2021. [Arranged by museum abbreviation and by country, includes type catalogs and historical publications and www sites where available.]
Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Fong, J. D. 2021 ESCHMEYER'S CATALOG OF FISHES: GENERA/SPECIES BY FAMILY/SUBFAMILY. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/SpeciesByFamily.asp). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2021. [Recalculated with each new version; based on current literature, this provides counts of available genus and species names, valid genera and species, and genera and species described in the last 10 years by family/subfamily.]
Please remember that if you got to Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes from Fishbase, you are NOT in Fishbase. Fishbase is a more comprehensive database for a different audience, but they use Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes in their authority file.
Some other useful sites for fishes are (1) Fishbase [Fishbase team, Manila]; (2) www.stri.org/sftep -- A comprehensive database on Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific (and of the Western Atlantic) [Ross Robertson]; (3) shark-references.com -- A database on elasmobranchs, with over 13,000 references, information on taxa, type specimens, etc. [Jürgen Pollerspöck]; (4) FishWisePro.com -- a comprehensive relational database of more than 99,350 scientific species name combinations and over 34,300 well-identified (mostly marine) fish pictures [Dennis Polack]; (5) Freshwater Fish List, 23rd edition December 2017; (6) ETYFish Project (derivations of Fish Names) by Christopher Scharpf; and (7) BioStor, for Biodiversity Heritage Library references. A very useful site is Worldfish.de [not associated with Fishbase or Worldfish]. Maintained by Michal Mikšik and Erwin Schraml. They post new fish taxa and references as they are published.
A summary paper was published in 2010 from Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes database that might be of interest to users of the Catalog. "Marine fish diversity: history of knowledge and discovery (Pisces)." By William N. Eschmeyer, Ronald Fricke, Jon D. Fong & Dennis A. Polack. Zootaxa, no. 2525:19-50 (2 July 2010, open access, click title to download).
As always, notifying us of missed original descriptions and errors in the database or providing PDFs of recent papers is most welcome.
Bill Eschmeyer edited type localities and standardized many place names. Our style is to use current place names found on an English map (or from Wikipedia and Google sites). Should you need original localities, they can be found in the original descriptions or from particular museum holdings (often online).
Many scientific names of fish species are based on personal names; some were found to be incorrect. For example, Jordan and co-workers spelled Japanese names ending in "a" with a terminal "e" as in matsubarae; that is acceptable, with the name Latinized first. So those names do not end in "i". Remarks are provided by Eschmeyer in this version for most species based on personal names. For a review of this very technical subject, see Dubois 2007: Zootaxa No. 1550:49-68.
New treatment of synonyms: Often an author revises a genus and treats a species in detail but does not mention the species synonyms (if any). If he/she does not mention the synonyms (rather common in recent treatments) and moves the valid “parent” species to a different genus, do we move the synonyms automatically, although the revising author may not have studied or assessed the synonyms? In the past, we did not move the synonyms. Typically, this often resulted in the synonyms being in a different current genus than the valid parent species. We now move the synonyms to the genus of the valid parent species, but no “status reference” showing the new generic placement is found with the synonym. Some synonyms will be moved incorrectly, but it is considered more desirable to have the potential synonyms in the same current genus as the valid parent species.
Some conventions used in Eschmeyer's Catalog
Author plus date and a species code: The code of Zoological Nomenclature does not require a comma between the author and date, only a suggestion. In fact, we consider that confusing as that is traditionally used to show a cited reference in journal publications and not a species authorship and date. Genus+species+author+date (with parentheses as needed) is a (nearly) unique code or formula to define every species [2 known exceptions]. So you will find no comma between the author and date. Some journals are now treating species in this way.
Figures: Under a new species heading, some journals list (a) only the major figure, some list (b) all figures (including maps, habitats and graphs), and (c) some give figures showing the full view and any illustrated parts of the species. We give all figures that show a full view and any anatomical part of the species, so our listing of figures often differs from the treatment by a journal in the original description (as listed in the species heading).
Type localities: We give a current place name that one will find on a Google search or in an ‘English’ atlas. For some species described many years ago, one may find both the original locality and in parentheses a modern name for that locality. Many collections now have their holdings on-line, and it is there one can usually find the actual original locality if needed. Current localities are often augmented by additional information, such as coordinates.
Authors: We have added initials in brackets to distinguish all individual authors of genera and species.
Genera/Species of Fishes by Family/Subfamily -- Total valid taxa reflect new taxa added minus taxa moved into synonymy plus taxa newly moved to valid. The classification is as used in Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes. Prepared by Bill Eschmeyer and Jon Fong, with modifications by Richard Van der Laan.
Family-Group Names -- Priority applies to Family-group names. It did not in early years. As classifications are refined with use of more subfamilies and tribes, it is required to use the oldest available family-group name for these new taxa.
Ichthyological Collections -- Presented are those specimen collections mentioned in the main Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes database, especially as repositories of type specimens. Besides museum names and abbreviations, this includes WWW sites, cross-referencing of abbreviations, and selection of museums by country, along with type catalogs, historical articles, name changes, transfers, and other items for individual collections. Prepared by Ron Fricke and Bill Eschmeyer.
Ichthyological Journals -- There are nearly 2600 individual journals or monograph series in Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes database. We provide full citations, and other information such as changes in titles, published duration, ISSN numbers, WWW sites, etc. Prepared by Ron Fricke and Bill Eschmeyer.
Acknowledgments for Ron Fricke (2021): Juan Carlos Arronte, Idrees Babu, Nicolas Bailly, Gustavo Ballen, Arcady Balushkin, Vânia Baptista, Esra Bayçelebi, Sergey Bogorodsky, Philippe Borsa, Pedro Bragança, Ralf Britz, John Bruner, Emily Capuli, Chen Xiaoyong, Erdogan Çiçek, Courtney Cox, José de la Cruz Agüero, Cem Dalyan, Fabio Di Dario, Laura Donin, Yury Dyldin, Nicolás Ehemann, João Pedro Fontenelle, Jörg Freyhof, Michael George, Daniel Golani, Caio Gomes, Gustavo Hallwass, Elaine Heemstra, John Hoover, Samuel Iglésias, Muhammad Iqbal, Laith Jawad, Howard Jelks, Arash Jouladeh Roudbar, Karuppiah Kannan, Axel Katz, Bikem Kesici, Daemin Kim, Jin-Koo Kim, Stefan Koerber, Matthew Kolmann, Laishram Kosygin, Alexander Kotlyar, Maurice Kottelat, Sven Kullander, Peter Kyne, Thomas Lachenal, Thomas Litz, Alejandro Londoño-Burbano, Ken Maeda, Mizuki Matsunuma, Daniel McGuigan, Marcelo Melo, Michael Mincarone, Alec Moore, Béla Nagy, André Netto-Ferreira, Cárlison Oliveira, Felipe Ottoni, Lawrence Page, Antoine Pariselle, Theodore Pietsch, Kyle Piller, Jürgen Pollerspöck, Artem Prokofiev, Patrice Pruvost, Declan Quigley, M. P. Rajeeshkumar, Zachary Randall, Luiz Rocha, Cristina Rodríguez-Cabello, Miguel Rubio-Godoy, Shilpi Saha, Carlos de Santana, Christopher Scharpf, Ray Schmidt, Erwin Schraml, Ilia Shakhovskoy, Bungdon Shangningam, Hiranya Sudasinghe, Patrick Tawil, Francesco Tiralongo, Anyelo Vanegas Ríos, Thomas Vigliotta, Elena Voronina, Maximilian Wagner, Richard Winterbottom, Cláudio Zawadzki, E Zhang, Mikhail Zhukov, Heike Zidowitz.
Acknowledgments for Richard van der Laan (2021): Felipe Abranches, Emmanuel Abwe, Erik Åhlander, Henry Agudelo-Zamora, Carlos Ardila Rodríguez, Jairo Arroyave, Muthukumarasamy Arunachalam, Nicolas Bailly, Arcady Balushkin, Yusuf Bektas, Ricardo Betancur, Pedro Bragança, José Carlos Brito, Marko Ćaleta, Pablo Calviño, David Černý, Brian Coad, Sebastián Cona, Kevin Conway, Neelesh Dahanukar, Fabio di Dario, Vahe Demirjian, Gaël Denys, Eddy Derijst, Omar Domínguez-Domínguez, Laura Donin, Dario Faustino-Fuster, Antonia Ford, Acacio Freitas, Jörg Freyhof, Dan Fromm, Augusto Frota, Babette van Gool, Harutaka Hata, Elaine Heemstra, Hans Ho, Jean Huber, Samuel Iglésias, Taiki Ito, Praveenraj Jayasimhan, Howard Jelks, Axel Katz, Daemin Kim, Seishi Kimura, Steen Knudsen, Paul van der Laan, Francisco Langeani, Sébastien Lavoué, Mao-Ying Lee, Eliseo Lescún, Thomas Litz, Thiago Silva Loboda, Diego Luzzatto, James Maclaine, Katemo Manda, Mizuki Matsunuma, Madhava Meegaskumbura, Bruno Melo, Michal Mikšík, Michael Mincarone, Guido Miranda, Marcos Mirande, Anil Mohapatra, Daniel Mokodongan, Peter Møller, Robert Myers, Dirk Neumann, Makoto Okamoto, Claudio Oliveira, Renildo de Oliveira, Larry Page, Murilo Pastana, Edson Pereira, Tiago Pessali, Flávia Petean, Dennis Polack, Jayasimhan Praveenraj, Divya Radhakrishnan, Filipe Rangel-Pereira, Roberto Reis, Ross Robertson, Uwe Römer, Mark Sabaj, David de Santana, Mudjie Santos, Sérgio Santos, Luisa Sarmento-Soares, Chris Scharpf, Erwin Schraml, Hiroshi Senou, Bungdon Shangningam, Priscilla Caroline Silva, Dave Smith, Bill Smith-Vaniz, Gabe Somarriba, Hiranya Sudasinghe, John Sullivan, Milton Tan, Kisekelwa Tchalondawa, Andrea Thomaz, Tom Trnski, Massimiliano Virgilio, Olga Voskoboinikova, Nathan Vranken, Emmanuel Vreven, Simon Weigmann, Jeff Williams, Lei Yang, Jouke van der Zee, W. Zhou, Dan Zimberlin and Elsbeth Zwart.
Acknowledgments for Bill Eschmeyer (2021): Dave Catania, Luis da Costa, Richard van der Laan, Mikael Karlsson, John McCosker, Michael Miksik, Dirk Neumann, Rafaela Ota, Larry Page.
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