Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 1 Nov 2022

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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draco, Trachinus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:250 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Northern Ocean. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.7 (1, skin); LS 7 (left half-skin), 9-10 (2, right half-skin and parts); MNHN A-3150 (4). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:230 [ref. 13434], Wheeler 1985:66-67 [ref. 20705]. See also Trachinus vividus Lacep├Ęde 1800. •Valid as Trachinus draco Linnaeus 1758 -- (Herrera 1896:55 [ref. 39336], Wheeler 1973:449 [ref. 7190], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:953 [ref. 13676], Roux 1990:894 [ref. 18781], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:118 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S21 [ref. 28536], Golani 2005:52 [ref. 37112], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:180 [ref. 28369], Fricke 2007:29 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:96 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:121 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:171 [ref. 31251], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:56 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:466 [ref. 33547], Smith in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2776 [ref. 34618], Artüz & Fricke 2019:558 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:292 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:99 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:96 [ref. 37515], Iglésias et al. 2020:296 [ref. 37987], Kovačić et al. 2020:43 [ref. 37519], Abliazov et al. 2021:10 [ref. 38576], Golani 2021:69 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:82 [ref. 39014], Fermon et al. 2022:291 [ref. 39448] misidentified). Current status: Valid as Trachinus draco Linnaeus 1758. Trachinidae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea; North Sea; Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; Black Sea; eastern Atlantic: Norway south to Morocco, including Madeira (Portugal) and Canary Islands (Spain). Habitat: brackish, marine.


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