Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 5 October 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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melanurus, Smaris Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:422 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Gorée, Senegal, eastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-9314. Type catalog: Bauchot 1974:987 [ref. 21548]. •Valid as Pterosmaris melanurus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Tortonese et al. 1973:419 [ref. 7202], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:909 [ref. 13676]). •Valid as Spicara melanura (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Parenti 2019:55 [ref. 36892]). •Valid as Spicara melanurus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Heemstra 1990:770 [ref. 18769], Wirtz et al. 2013:127 [ref. 32972], Carpenter & Iwatsuki in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2617 [ref. 34618], Carneiro et al. 2019:274 [ref. 37250], Reiner 2019:218 [ref. 38139]). Current status: Valid as Spicara melanurus (Valenciennes 1830). Sparidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Morocco south to Angola, including Madeira, Cape Verde Islands, and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.