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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Genera in the family or subfamily Epinephelinae: [ 59 ] records


Aethaloperca (subgenus of Bodianus) Fowler [H. W.] 1904:522 Fem. Perca rogaa Forsskål 1775. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Cephalopholis Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Ma & Craig 2018:453 [ref. 36100]). •Valid as Aethaloperca Fowler 1904 -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:127 [ref. 6441], Heemstra & Randall 1986:516 [ref. 5667], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1988:11 [ref. 9299], Paxton et al. 1989:489 [ref. 12442], Randall & Heemstra 1991:19 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:16 [ref. 21042], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2447 [ref. 24815], Hoese et al. 2006:1002 [ref. 28999], Motomura in Motomura & Satapoomin 2009:82 [ref. 30492], Craig et al. 2011:2 [ref. 31786], Motomura et al. 2017:79 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:144 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:60 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:110 [ref. 36673], Parenti & Randall 2020:49 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Aethaloperca Fowler 1904. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Alphestes Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:236 Masc. Epinephelus afer Bloch 1793. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan & Swain 1884:394 [ref. 9337] and by Eigenmann 1890:349 [ref. 2440]. •Synonym Epinephelus Bloch 1793, but a valid subgenus Alphestes -- (Smith 1971:162 [ref. 14102], Kendall 1984:500 [ref. 13663], Baldwin & Johnson 1993:251 [ref. 27443]). •Valid as Alphestes Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1993:18 [ref. 21042], Craig et al. 2001:126 [ref. 26133], Heemstra et al. 2003:1314 [ref. 27060], Craig et al. 2006:327 [ref. 29772], Craig & Hastings 2007:16 [ref. 29046], Craig et al. 2011:4 [ref. 31786], Ma & Craig 2018:453 [ref. 36100] in Epinephelidae, Parenti & Randall 2020:49 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Alphestes Bloch & Schneider 1801. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Altiserranus Whitley [G. P.] 1947:150 Masc. Serranus jayakari Boulenger 1889. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793 -- (Randall et al. 1989:414 [ref. 12737], Heemstra 1991:15 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:77 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:69 [ref. 21042], Kottelat 2013:327 [ref. 32989], Parenti & Randall 2020:60 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Anyperodon Günther [A.] 1859:95 Masc. Serranus leucogrammicus Valenciennes 1828. Type by monotypy. Unjustifiably emended to Anhyperodon by Boulenger 1895:269 [ref. 537]. •Valid as Anyperodon Günther 1859 -- (Kendall 1984:500 [ref. 13663], Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:129 [ref. 6441], Heemstra & Randall 1986:516 [ref. 5667], Paxton et al. 1989:489 [ref. 12442], Randall & Heemstra 1991:22 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:23 [ref. 21042], Baldwin & Johnson 1993:251 [ref. 27443], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2446 [ref. 24815], Hoese et al. 2006:1003 [ref. 28999], Motomura in Motomura & Satapoomin 2009:83 [ref. 30492], Craig et al. 2011:10[ref. 31786], Motomura et al. 2017:80 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:144 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:60 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:110 [ref. 36673], Parenti & Randall 2020:50 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Anyperodon Günther 1859. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Archoperca (subgenus of Mycteroperca) Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1896:1169, 1171 Fem. Mycteroperca boulengeri Jordan & Starks 1895. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Mycteroperca Gill 1862 -- (Smith 1971:171 [ref. 14102], Randall et al. 1989:414 [ref. 12737], Heemstra 1991:46 [ref. 19323], Heemstra & Randall 1993:256 [ref. 21042], Parenti & Randall 2020:87 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Mycteroperca Gill 1862. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Brachyrhinus Gill [T. N.] 1862:236 Masc. Serranus creolus Valenciennes 1828. Type by monotypy. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Brachyrhinus Latrielle 1802 in Crustacea. •Synonym of Paranthias Guichenot 1868 -- (Smith 1971:84 [ref. 14102], Heemstra 1991:55 [ref. 19323], Heemstra & Randall 1993:278 [ref. 21042], Parenti & Randall 2020:90 [ref. 37354]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Paranthias Guichenot 1868. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Cephalopholis Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:311 Fem. Cephalopholis argus Schneider 1801. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793, but a valid subgenus Cephalopholis -- (Smith 1971:91 [ref. 14102], Kendall 1984:501 [ref. 13663], Baldwin & Johnson 1993:251 [ref. 27443]). •Valid as Cephalopholis Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:127 [ref. 6441], Heemstra & Randall 1986:516 [ref. 5667], Daget & Smith 1986:299 [ref. 6204], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1988 [ref. 9299], Paxton et al. 1989:490 [ref. 12442], Heemstra 1991:9 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:25 [ref. 19601], Bauchot in Lévêque et al. 1992:664 [ref. 21590], Heemstra & Randall 1993:25 [ref. 21042], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2447 [ref. 24815], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2449 [ref. 24815], Craig et al. 2001:126 [ref. 26133], Heemstra et al. 2003:1314 [ref. 27060], Craig & Hastings 2007:16 [ref. 29046], Hoese et al. 2006:1003 [ref. 28999], Motomura & Satapoomin 2009:83 [ref. 30492], Craig et al. 2011:12 [ref. 31786], Kottelat 2013:325 [ref. 32989], Engin et al. 2016:184 [ref. 34718], Motomura et al. 2017:80 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:144 [ref. 35805], Ma & Craig 2018:445 [ref. 36100], Golani & Fricke 2018:61 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:111 [ref. 36673], Parenti & Randall 2020:50 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Cephalopholis Bloch & Schneider 1801. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Cerna Bonaparte [C. L.] 1833:puntata 10 Fem. Perca gigas Brünnich 1768. Type by monotypy. Cernua Agassiz 1846:74 [ref. 64] is an unjustified emendation. •Objective synonym of Merou Bonaparte (Cuvier) 1831. •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793 -- (Smith 1971:103 [ref. 14102], Tortonese 1973:358 [ref. 7192], Daget & Smith 1986:301 [ref. 6204], Heemstra 1991:14 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:77 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:69 [ref. 21042], Kottelat 2013:326 [ref. 32989], Parenti & Randall 2020:60 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Cernua Costa [O. G.] 1849:1 Fem. Cernua gigas Costa 1849. Type by monotypy. As Cernua, pp. 1-4, published Nov. 1849. Apparently an unjustified emendation of Cerna Bonaparte 1833; preoccupied. Original not examined. •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793 -- (Tortonese 1973:358 [ref. 7192], Daget & Smith 1986:301 [ref. 6204], Heemstra 1991:14 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:77 [ref. 19601], Kottelat 2013:326 [ref. 32989], Parenti & Randall 2020:60 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Chromileptes (subgenus of Serranus) Swainson [W.] 1839:168, 201 Masc. Serranus altivelis Valenciennes 1828. Type by subsequent designation. Spelled Chromileptes on p. 168 and in index and Cromileptes on 201; first technical reviser apparently McCulloch 1929 [ref. 35683], who selected Chromileptes; both spellings are in current usage. Type designated by Bleeker 1876:257 [ref. 447] (not S. gigas as designated by Swain 1882:272 [ref. 5966]). Chromidoleptes Agassiz 1846:84, 105 [ref. 64] is an unjustified emendation. First revison possible Neave 1939:878 according to Kottelat 2013:326 [ref. 32989], selecting Cromileptes, but predated by McCulloch 1929. •Valid as Chromileptes Swainson 1839 selected by McCulloch 1929 [ref. 2948] according to Douglas Hoese 11/2017. •Valid as Cromileptes Swainson 1839 -- (Kendall 1984:500 [ref. 13663], Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:132 [ref. 6441], Heemstra & Randall 1986:519 [ref. 5667], Paxton et al. 1989:492 [ref. 12442], Randall & Heemstra 1991:72 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:63 [ref. 21042], Baldwin & Johnson 1993:251 [ref. 27443], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2446 [ref. 24815], Hoese et al. 2006:1006 [ref. 28999], Craig et al. 2011:62 [ref. 31786], Kottelat 2013:326 [ref. 32989], Motomura et al. 2017:83 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2019:116 [ref. 36673], Parenti & Randall 2020:58 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Chromileptes Swainson 1839. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Chrysomelanus Plumier [C.] in Lacepède 1802:160 Masc. Not available; name mentioned in passing under Sparus chrysomelanus Lacepède; apparently never used as a valid name or homonym if considered a name published in synonymy; see remarks under Opinion 89 in Appendix B in Eschmeyer et al. 1990 [ref. 26735]. In the synonymy of Epinephelus Boch 1793 -- (Kottelat 2013:326 [ref. 32989]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Creolus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1883:xxxvi, 985 Masc. Serranus furcifer Valenciennes 1828. Type by monotypy. Intended as a replacent for Brachyrhinus Gill 1862 (preoccupied) on p. 916; name appeared as Creolus in table of contents and in index, but withdrawn in Addenda (p. 973) and Paranthias substituted. •Objective synonym of Paranthias Guichenot 1868 -- (Smith 1971:84 [ref. 14102], Heemstra 1991:55 [ref. 19323], Heemstra & Randall 1993:278 [ref. 21042], Parenti & Randall 2020:90 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Paranthias Guichenot 1868. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Cugupuguacu Catesby [M.] 1771:14 Not available, published in a rejected work on Official Index (Opinion 89, Opinion 259). •In the synonymy of Epinephelus Bloch 1793. Suppressed. Current status: Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Cynichthys (subgenus of Serranus) Swainson [W.] 1839:168, 201 Masc. Perca flavopurpureus Bennett 1830. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793 -- (Smith 1971:103 [ref. 14102], Daget & Smith 1986:301 [ref. 6204], Heemstra 1991:14 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:77 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:69 [ref. 21042], Kottelat 2013:326 [ref. 32989], Parenti & Randall 2020:60 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Daba (subgenus of Perca) Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:44 Fem. Perca areolata Forsskål 1775. A species name according to Fricke, pers. comm., 1/19/2007; see Perca louti. Nomen Nudum. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Dermatolepis Gill [T. N.] 1861:54 Fem. Dermatolepis punctatus Gill 1861. Type by monotypy. Subgenus of Epinephelus Bloch 1793 -- (Smith 1971:157 [ref. 14102], Kendall 1984:500, 507 [ref. 13663]). •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793, but a valid subgenus Dermatolepis -- (Baldwin & Johnson 1993:251 [ref. 27443]). •Valid as Dermatolepis Gill 1861 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1986:520 [ref. 5667], Randall & Heemstra 1991:75 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:64 [ref. 21042], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:269 [ref. 24550], Craig et al. 2001:126 [ref. 26133], Heemstra et al. 2003:1314 [ref. 27060], Craig & Hastings 2007:16 [ref. 29046], Craig et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31786], Golani & Fricke 2018:62 [ref. 36273], Parenti & Randall 2020:58 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Dermatolepis Gill 1861. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Enneacentrus Gill [T. N.] 1865:105 Masc. Serranus ouatalibi Valenciennes 1828. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793, subgenus Cephalopholis Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Smith 1971:92 [ref. 14102]). •Synonym of Cephalopholis Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Daget & Smith 1986:299 [ref. 6204], Heemstra 1991:9 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:25 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:25 [ref. 21042], Kottelat 2013:326 [ref. 32989], Parenti & Randall 2020:50 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Cephalopholis Bloch & Schneider 1801. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Enneistus (subgenus of Bodianus) Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1896:1143, 1147 Masc. Bodianus acanthistius Gilbert 1892. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793, subgenus Cephalopholis Bloch & Schneider 1801-- (Smith 1971:92 [ref. 14102]). •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793 -- (Heemstra 1991:15 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:77 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:69 [ref. 21042], Kottelat 2013:327 [ref. 32989], Parenti & Randall 2020:60 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Epinephelus Bloch [M. E.] 1793:11 Masc. Epinephelus marginalis Bloch 1793. Type designated by ICZN under plenary powers; on Official List (Opinion 93). Epinelephus Rafinesque 1815:85 [ref. 3584] is an incorrect subsequent spelling. •Valid as Epinephelus Bloch 1793 -- (Smith 1971:90 [ref. 14102], Tortonese 1973:358 [ref. 7192], Kendall 1984:500 [ref. 13663], Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:128 [ref. 6441], Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:782 [ref. 13676], Heemstra & Randall 1986:520 [ref. 5667], Daget & Smith 1986:301 [ref. 6204], Randall & Allen 1987 [ref. 6249], Paxton et al. 1989:493 [ref. 12442], Heemstra 1991:14 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:77 [ref. 19601], Bauchot in Lévêque et al. 1992:665 [ref. 21590], Heemstra & Randall 1993:69 [ref. 21042], Baldwin & Johnson 1993:251 [ref. 27443], Gomon et al. 1994:534 [ref. 22532], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:263 [ref. 24550], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2447 [ref. 24815], Craig et al. 2001:127 [ref. 26133], Heemstra et al. 2003:1314 [ref. 27060], Craig & Hastings 2007:16 [ref. 29046], Hoese et al. 2006:1007 [ref. 28999], Roberts & Gomon 2008:541 [ref. 30641], Motomura & Satapoomin 2009:86 [ref. 30492], Craig et al. 2008:167 [ref. 29773], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:41 [ref. 36649], Craig et al. 2011:71 [ref. 31786], Shinohara et al. 2011:48 [ref. 31715], Ho et al. 2013:77 [ref. 33261], Randall et al. 2013:524 [ref. 32685], Lie et al. 2013:1684 [ref. 32709], Kottelat 2013:326 [ref. 32989], Roberts 2015:1185 [ref. 34193], Rothman et al. 2016:479 [ref. 34171], Tucker et al. 2016:658 [ref. 34684], Motomura et al. 2017:84 [ref. 35490], Frable et al. 2018:[1] [ref. 36287], Fricke et al. 2018:147 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:62 [ref. 36273], Ma & Craig 2018:448 [ref. 36100], Brown et al. 2019:176 [ref. 36444], Fricke et al. 2019:116 [ref. 36673], Johnson & Wilmer 2019:329 [ref. 36985], Parenti & Randall 2020:59 [ref. 37354], Wu et al. 2020:125 [ref. 37525], Nakamura & Motomura 2021:1 [ref. 38066]). Current status: Valid as Epinephelus Bloch 1793. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Garrupa (subgenus of Epinephelus) Jordan [D. S.] in Jordan & Eigenmann 1890:350, 362 Fem. Serranus nigritus Holbrook 1855. Type by original designation. Jordan is listed as author on p. 350, on p. 361-362 "We [Jordan & Eigenmann] have suggested...name...Garrupa..."; Jordan probably responsible for description. •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793 -- (Smith 1971:103 [ref. 14102], Heemstra 1991:15 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:77 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:69 [ref. 21042], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:263 [ref. 24550], Kottelat 2013:327 [ref. 32989], Parenti & Randall 2020:60 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Gonioplectrus Gill [T. N.] 1862:236, 237 Masc. Plectropoma hispanum Cuvier 1828. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Gonioplectrus Gill 1862 -- (Kendall 1984:500, 508 [ref. 13663], Heemstra & Randall 1993:252 [ref. 21042], Baldwin & Johnson 1993:251 [ref. 27443], Heemstra et al. 2003:1312 [ref. 27060], Craig & Hastings 2007:17 [ref. 29046], Craig et al. 2011:259 [ref. 31786], Ma & Craig 2018:452 [ref. 36100], Parenti & Randall 2020:83 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Gonioplectrus Gill 1862. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Gracila Randall [J. E.] 1964:281 Fem. Cephalopholis albomarginatus Fowler & Bean 1930. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Cephalopholis Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Ma & Craig 2018:453 [ref. 36100]). •Valid as Gracila Randall 1964 -- (Kendall 1984:500 [ref. 13663], Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:127 [ref. 6441], Heemstra & Randall 1986:533 [ref. 5667], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1988 [ref. 9299], Paxton et al. 1989:499 [ref. 12442], Randall & Heemstra 1991:286 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:254 [ref. 21042], Baldwin & Johnson 1993:251 [ref. 27443], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2447 [ref. 24815], Craig et al. 2011:260 [ref. 31786], Motomura et al. 2017:89 [ref. 35490] as Gracilla, Fricke et al. 2019:120 [ref. 36673], Parenti & Randall 2020:59 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Gracila Randall 1964. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Homalogrystes Alleyne [H. G.] & Macleay [W.] 1877:268 Masc. Homalogrystes guntheri Alleyne & Macleay 1877. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793 -- (Smith 1971:103 [ref. 14102], Daget & Smith 1986:301 [ref. 6204], Heemstra 1991:14 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:77 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:69 [ref. 21042], Kottelat 2013:327 [ref. 32989], Parenti & Randall 2020:60 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Hyporthodus Gill [T. N.] 1861:98 Masc. Hyporthodus flavicauda Gill 1861. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793 -- (Smith 1971:103 [ref. 14102], Daget & Smith 1986:301 [ref. 6204], Heemstra 1991:14 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:77 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:69 [ref. 21042]). •Valid as Hyporthodus Gill 1861 -- (Craig & Hastings 2007:10, 17 [ref. 29046], Craig et al. 2011:263 [ref. 31786], Kottelat 2013:326 [ref. 32989], Robertson et al. 2017:85 [ref. 35676], Fricke et al. 2018:154 [ref. 35805], Ma & Craig 2018:448 [ref. 36100], Fricke et al. 2019:121 [ref. 36673], Parenti & Randall 2020:83 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Hyporthodus Gill 1861. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Hyposerranus (subgenus of Serranus) Klunzinger [C. B.] 1884:3 Masc. Serranus morrhua Valenciennes 1833. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan & Evermann 1896:1148 [ref. 2443]. •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793 -- (Smith 1971:103 [ref. 14102], Daget & Smith 1986:301 [ref. 6204], Heemstra 1991:15 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:77 [ref. 19601], Kottelat 2013:327 [ref. 32989], Parenti & Randall 2020:60 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Itaiara (subgenus of Serranus) Vaillant [L. L.] & Bocourt [F.] 1878:70, 90 Fem. Serranus itajara Lichtenstein 1822. Type by monotypy (also absolute tautonymy). •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793 -- (Smith 1971:103 [ref. 14102], Heemstra 1991:14 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:77 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:69 [ref. 21042], Kottelat 2013:327 [ref. 32989], Parenti & Randall 2020:60 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Labroperca Gill [T. N.] 1862:236 Fem. Serranus labriformis Jenyns 1840. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793 -- (Smith 1971:103 [ref. 14102], Daget & Smith 1986:301 [ref. 6204], Heemstra 1991:14 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:77 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:69 [ref. 21042], Kottelat 2013:326 [ref. 32989], Parenti & Randall 2020:60 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Lioperca Gill [T. N.] 1862:236, 237 Fem. Serranus inermis Valenciennes 1833. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793, subgenus Dermatolepis Gill 1861 -- (Smith 1971:157 [ref. 14102]). •Synonym of Dermatolepis Gill 1861 -- (Randall & Heemstra 1991:75 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:64 [ref. 21042], Parenti & Randall 2020:58 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Dermatolepis Gill 1861. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Louti (subgenus of Perca) Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:44 Perca louti Forsskål 1775. A species name according to Fricke, pers. comm. 1/19/2007. See Perca louti. Nomen Nudum. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Menephorus Poey [F.] 1871:50 Masc. Serranus dubius Poey 1860. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Apparently based on a hybrid (see Heemstra & Randall 1993:26 [ref. 21042]). •Based on a hybrid specimen; synonym of Paranthias Guichenot 1868 -- (Smith 1966:1 [ref. 29777], Randall & Justin 2008:157 [ref. 29942]). •Synonym of Paranthias Guichenot 1868 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:90 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Paranthias Guichenot 1868. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Merou (subgenus of Serranus) Bonaparte [C. L.] (ex Cuvier) 1831:167 Masc. Perca gigas Brünnich 1768. Type by subsequent designation. Treated as masculine, Art. 30.3. Appeared as a section under Serranus as "2. Merou, Cuv. (Holocentrum, Bodianus, Lutjanus, ....Gymnocephalus, Bl.) Tutt'i mari. 98 [= species]". Probably not available from Bonaparte. Type as given by Jordan 1919:175 [ref. 2410]. •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793 -- (Heemstra 1991:14 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:77 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:69 [ref. 21042], Kottelat 2013:326 [ref. 32989], Parenti & Randall 2020:59 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Merus Poey [F.] (ex Cuvier) 1871:39 Masc. Perca gigas Brünnich 1768. Type by original designation. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Merus Gistel 1857 in Coleoptera, not replaced. •Objective synonym of Merou Bonaparte (ex Cuvier) 1831 and of Cerna Bonaparte 1833. •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793 -- (Smith 1971:103 [ref. 14102], Daget & Smith 1986:301 [ref. 6204], Heemstra 1991:14 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:77 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:69 [ref. 21042], Kottelat 2013:326 [ref. 32989], Parenti & Randall 2020:60 [ref. 37354]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Mycteroperca Gill [T. N.] 1862:236 Fem. Serranus olfax Jenyns 1840. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Mycteroperca Gill 1862 -- (Smith 1971:171 [ref. 14102], Tortonese 1973:360 [ref. 7192], Kendall 1984:500 [ref. 13663], Heemstra 1991:46 [ref. 19323], Heemstra & Randall 1993:256 [ref. 21042], Baldwin & Johnson 1993:251 [ref. 27443], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:262 [ref. 24550], Craig et al. 2001:126 [ref. 26133], Heemstra et al. 2003:1314 [ref. 27060], Craig & Hastings 2007:17 [ref. 29046], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:42 [ref. 36649], Craig et al. 2011:291 [ref. 31786], Ma & Craig 2018:451 [ref. 36100], Parenti & Randall 2020:87 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Mycteroperca Gill 1862. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Paracanthistius Bleeker [P.] 1874:3, 13 Masc. Holocentrus leopardus Lacepède 1802. Type by original designation. Also appeared in Bleeker 1875:25 and on legend p. 124 (1876) but not on accompanying plate 296 published in 1872 [ref. 4861]. •Synonym of Plectropomus Oken 1817 -- (Randall & Hoese 1986:5 [ref. 6009], Randall & Heemstra 1991:290 [ref. 19601], Parenti & Randall 2020:91 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Plectropomus Oken 1817. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Paranthias (subgenus of Anthias) Guichenot [A.] 1868:87 Masc. Serranus furcifer Valenciennes 1828. Type by monotypy. See also Craig et al. 2001:127 [ref. 26133] and Craig & Hastings 2007:8 [ref. 29046]. •Synonym of Cephalopholis Bloch & Schneider 1801-- (Craig & Hastings 2007:8 [ref. 29046]). •Valid as Paranthias Guichenot 1868 -- (Smith 1971:84 [ref. 14102], Randall et al. 1989:417 [ref. 12737], Kendall 1984:500 [ref. 13663], Heemstra 1991:55 [ref. 19323], Heemstra & Randall 1993:281 [ref. 21042], Baldwin & Johnson 1993:251 [ref. 27443], Heemstra et al. 2003:1312 [ref. 27060], Randall & Justin 2008:157 [ref. 29942], Craig et al. 2011:326 [ref. 31786], Ma & Craig 2018:453 [ref. 36100], Parenti & Randall 2020:90 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Paranthias Guichenot 1868. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Parepinephelus Bleeker [P.] 1874:3 Masc. Serranus acutirostris Valenciennes 1828. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Mycteroperca Gill 1862 -- (Smith 1971:171 [ref. 14102], Heemstra 1991:15 [ref. 19323], Heemstra & Randall 1993:256 [ref. 21042], Parenti & Randall 2020:87 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Mycteroperca Gill 1862. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Petrometopon Gill [T. N.] 1865:105 Neut. Serranus guttatus of Poey (= Sparus cruentatus Lacepède 1803). Type by monotypy. Type given as Serranus guttatus Poey, apparently a subsequent identification and not an original description; possibly goes back to Perca guttata Linnaeus, or based on a misidentified type species. Fowler (MS) gives type as above. •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793, subgenus Cephalopholis Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Smith 1971:92 [ref. 14102]). •Synonym of Cephalopholis Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Heemstra 1991:9 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:25 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:25 [ref. 21042], Kottelat 2013:326 [ref. 32989], Parenti & Randall 2020:50 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Cephalopholis Bloch & Schneider 1801. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Phaetonichthys Bleeker [P.] 1875:30 Masc. Also in Bleeker 1876:256 [ref. 447]. Not available, name in synonymy [but possibly is a replacement name]; apparently never made available. Misspelled Phaethonichthys by Jordan 1919:382 [ref. 4904]; see Uriphaeton Swainson. Based on a hoax. •In the synonymy of Cephalopholis Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (see Heemstra & Randall 1993:26 [ref. 21042], Kottelat 2013:326 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Cephalopholis Bloch & Schneider 1801. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Phrynotitan Gill [T. N.] 1885:255 Masc. Batrachus gigas Günther 1869. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793 -- (Heemstra 1991:15 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:77 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:69 [ref. 21042], Kottelat 2013:327 [ref. 32989], Parenti & Randall 2020:60 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Plectropoma Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] (ex Cuvier) 1824:318 Neut. Plectropoma punctatum Quoy & Gaimard 1824. Type by monotypy. Preoccupied by Plectropoma Fleming 1822. •Synonym of Plectropomus Oken 1817 -- (Randall & Hoese 1986:5 [ref. 6009], Randall & Heemstra 1991:290 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:284 [ref. 21042], Parenti & Randall 2020:91 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Plectropomus Oken 1817. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Plectropomus Oken [L.] (ex Cuvier) 1817:1182 Masc. Bodianus maculatus Bloch 1790. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan, Tanaka & Snyder 1913:152 [ref. 6448]. Based on "Plectropomes" Cuvier 1816:277 [ref. 993] (see Gill 1903:966 [ref. 5768]). •Valid as Plectropomus Oken 1817 -- (Kendall 1984:500 [ref. 13663], Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:126 [ref. 6441], Randall & Hoese 1986 [ref. 6009], Paxton et al. 1989:499 [ref. 12442] including discussion of nomenclature, Randall & Heemstra 1991:290 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:284 [ref. 21042], Baldwin & Johnson 1993:251 [ref. 27443], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2446 [ref. 24815], Craig & Hastings 2007:17 [ref. 29046], Hoese et al. 2006:1021 [ref. 28999], Motomura in Motomura & Satapoomin 2009:92 [ref. 30492], Craig et al. 2011:331 [ref. 31786], Kottelat 2013:323 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33930], Motomura et al. 2017:90 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:156 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:65 [ref. 36273], Ma & Craig 2018:451 [ref. 36100], Fricke et al. 2019:121 [ref. 36673], Parenti & Randall 2020:91 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Plectropomus Oken 1817. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Pleuroperca (subgenus of Plectropomus) Fowler [H. W.] & Bean [B. A.] 1930:195, 201 Fem. Plectropoma oligacanthus Bleeker 1855. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Plectropomus Oken 1817 -- (Randall & Hoese 1986:5 [ref. 6009], Randall & Heemstra 1991:290 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:284 [ref. 21042], Parenti & Randall 2020:91 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Plectropomus Oken 1817. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Priacanthichthys Day [F.] 1868:193 Masc. Priacanthichthys maderaspatensis Day 1868. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793 -- (Smith 1971:103 [ref. 14102], Daget & Smith 1986:301 [ref. 6204], Heemstra 1991:14 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:77 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:69 [ref. 21042], Kottelat 2013:326 [ref. 32989], Parenti & Randall 2020:60 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Promicrops Poey [F.] (ex Gill) 1868:287 Masc. Serranus guasa Poey 1860. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Promicrops Poey 1868 -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:132 [ref. 6441]). •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793, but a valid subgenus Promicrops -- (Smith 1971:152 [ref. 14102], Kendall 1984:501 [ref. 13663], Baldwin & Johnson 1993:251 [ref. 27443]). •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1986:520 [ref. 5667], Heemstra 1991:14 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:77 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:69 [ref. 21042], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:263 [ref. 24550], Kottelat 2013:326 [ref. 32989], Parenti & Randall 2020:60 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Prospinus Poey [F.] 1861:364, 388 Masc. Plectropoma chloropterum Cuvier 1828. Type by subsequent designation. Also appeared as Poey in Gill 1862:236 [ref. 1664]. Earliest type designation found that of Jordan & Evermann 1896:1164 [ref. 2443]. •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch & Schneider 1801, subgenus Alphestes Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Smith 1971:162 [ref. 14102]). •Synonym of Alphestes Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Heemstra & Randall 1993:18 [ref. 21042], Parenti & Randall 2020:49 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Alphestes Bloch & Schneider 1801. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Pseudogramma Bleeker [P.] 1875:2, 24 Fem. Pseudochromis polyacanthus Bleeker 1856. Type by original designation (also monotypic). The genus is feminine, not neuter; name based on Gramma Poey. •Valid as Pseudogramma Bleeker 1875, in Pseudogrammatidae -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:140 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:542 [ref. 5712], Paxton et al. 1989:523 [ref. 12442]). •Valid as Pseudogramma Bleeker 1875, in Grammistinae -- (Kendall 1984:501 [ref. 13663]). •Valid as Pseudogramma Bleeker 1875 -- (Baldwin & Johnson 1993:263 [ref. 27443], Randall & Baldwin 1997:13 [ref. 22812], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2445 [ref. 24815], Heemstra et al. 2003:1312 [ref. 27060], Hoese et al. 2006:1028 [ref. 28999], Motomura in Motomura & Satapoomin 2009:94 [ref. 30492], Hubert et al. 2012:4 [ref. 31846], Endo & Kenmotsu 2013:12 [ref. 32578], Williams & Viviani 2016:246 [ref. 34442], Fricke et al. 2018:158 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:66 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:126 [ref. 36673], Prokofiev 2019:425 [ref. 36810], Parenti & Randall 2020:97 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudogramma Bleeker 1875. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Pseudoserranus Klunzinger [C. B.] 1870:687 Masc. Perca louti Forsskål 1775. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Variola Swainson 1839 -- (Randall & Heemstra 1991:302 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:301 [ref. 21042], Parenti & Randall 2020:94 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Variola Swainson 1839. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Ptertopomus (subgenus of Holocentrus) Cuvier [G.] in Goldfuss 1820:66 Masc. Holocentrus calcarifer Bloch 1790. Type by monotypy. Ptertopomus and Plectopomus are regarded as incorrect subsequent spellings of Plectropomus -- see Pethiyagoda & Gill 2012:11 [ref. 31984]. •In the synonymy of Plectropomus Oken 1817 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:91 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Plectropomus Oken 1817. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Saloptia Smith [J. L. B.] 1964:719 Fem. Saloptia powelli Smith 1964. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Plectropomus Oken 1817 -- (Ma & Craig 2018:453 [ref. 36100]). •Valid as Saloptia Smith 1964 -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:127 [ref. 6441], Randall & Heemstra 1991:298 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:298 [ref. 21042], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2446 [ref. 24815], Hoese et al. 2006:1023 [ref. 28999], Craig & Hastings 2007:17 [ref. 29046], Craig et al. 2011:349 [ref. 31786], Parenti & Randall 2020:93 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Saloptia Smith 1964. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Schistorus Gill [T. N.] 1862:236, 237 Masc. Serranus mystacinus Poey 1852. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793 -- (Smith 1971:103 [ref. 14102], Daget & Smith 1986:301 [ref. 6204], Heemstra 1991:14 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:77 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:69 [ref. 21042], Kottelat 2013:326 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Hyporthodus Gill 1861 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:83 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Hyporthodus Gill 1861. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Serranichthys Bleeker [P.] 1855:344 Masc. Serranus altivelis Valenciennes 1828. Type by monotypy. •Objective synonym of Cromileptes Swainson 1839 -- (Randall & Heemstra 1991:72 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:63 [ref. 21042], Kottelat 2013:326 [ref. 32989]. •As Chromileptes Swainson 1839 -- Parenti & Randall 2020:58 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Chromileptes Swainson 1839. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Serrihastaperca Fowler [H. W.] 1944:384 Fem. Serrihastaperca exsul Fowler 1944. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Based on postlarval specimen. •Probably a species of Epinephelus Bloch 1793 -- (Heemstra 1974:25 [ref. 7125]). •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793 -- (Heemstra 1991:15 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:77 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:69 [ref. 21042], Kottelat 2013:327 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Hyporthodus Gill 1861 -- (Parenti & Randall 2020:83 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Hyporthodus Gill 1861. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Stereolepoides Fowler [H. W.] 1923:382 Masc. Stereolepoides thompsoni Fowler 1923. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793 -- (Heemstra 1991:15 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:77 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:69 [ref. 21042], Kottelat 2013:327 [ref. 32989], Parenti & Randall 2020:60 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Triso Randall [J. E.], Johnson [G. D.] & Lowe [G. R.] 1989:415 Masc. Serranus dermopterus Temminck & Schlegel 1843. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Hyporthodus Gill 1861 -- (Ma & Craig 2018:453 [ref. 36100]). •Valid as Triso Randall, Johnson & Lowe 1989 -- (Randall & Heemstra 1991:300 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:300 [ref. 21042], Baldwin & Johnson 1993:251 [ref. 27443], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2447 [ref. 24815], Hoese et al. 2006:1023 [ref. 28999], Craig & Hastings 2007:17 [ref. 29046], Craig et al. 2011:350 [ref. 31786], Parenti & Randall 2020:93 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Triso Randall, Johnson & Lowe 1989. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Trisotropis Gill [T. N.] 1865:104 Fem. Johnius guttatus Bloch & Schneider 1801. Type by original designation. •Valid as Trisotropis Gill 1865 -- (Kendall 1984:500 [ref. 13663], Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:132 [ref. 6441]). •Synonym of Mycteroperca Gill 1862 -- (Smith 1971:171 [ref. 14102], Randall et al. 1989:414 [ref. 12737], Heemstra 1991:46 [ref. 19323], Heemstra & Randall 1993:256 [ref. 21042], Baldwin & Johnson 1993:251 [ref. 27443], Parenti & Randall 2020:87 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Mycteroperca Gill 1862. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Uriphaeton (subgenus of Eteles) Swainson [W.] 1839:168, 202 Masc. Serranus phaeton Valenciennes 1828. Type by monotypy. A made-up fish, a Cephalopholis with the tail of a Fistularia attached (see Bleeker 1875:31, footnote [ref. 4861], also Jordan 1919:198 [ref. 2410]). Kottelat (2013) has a different type. •In the synonymy of Cephalopholis Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (see Heemstra & Randall 1993:26 [ref. 21042], Kottelat 2013:325 [ref. 32989], Parenti & Randall 2020:50 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Cephalopholis Bloch & Schneider 1801. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Variola (subgenus of Serranus) Swainson [W.] 1839:168, 202 Fem. Variola longipinna Swainson 1839 (= Perca louti Forsskål 1775). Type by monotypy. Swainson's V. longipinna apparently is an unneeded substitute for S. louti of Rüppell which is Perca louti Forsskål 1775. •Valid as Variola Swainson 1839 -- (Kendall 1984:500 [ref. 13663], Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:126 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:500 [ref. 12442], Randall & Heemstra 1991:302 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:301 [ref. 21042], Baldwin & Johnson 1993:251 [ref. 27443], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2446 [ref. 24815], Hoese et al. 2006:1024 [ref. 28999], Craig & Hastings 2007:17 [ref. 29046], Motomura in Motomura & Satapoomin 2009:95 [ref. 30492], Craig et al. 2011:352 [ref. 31786], Motomura et al. 2017:92 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:158 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:67 [ref. 36273], Ma & Craig 2018:452 [ref. 36100], Fricke et al. 2019:126 [ref. 36673], Parenti & Randall 2020:94 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Variola Swainson 1839. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Vivero (subgenus of Epinephelus) Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1927:505 Masc. Serranus morio Valenciennes 1828. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793 -- (Smith 1971:103 [ref. 14102], Daget & Smith 1986:301 [ref. 6204], Heemstra 1991:15 [ref. 19323], Randall & Heemstra 1991:77 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:69 [ref. 21042], Kottelat 2013:327 [ref. 32989], Parenti & Randall 2020:60 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Epinephelus Bloch 1793. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.

Xystroperca (subgenus of Mycteroperca) Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1896:1169, 70, 81 Fem. Mycteroperca pardalis Gilbert 1892. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Mycteroperca Gill 1862 -- (Smith 1971:171 [ref. 14102], Heemstra 1991:46 [ref. 19323], Heemstra & Randall 1993:256 [ref. 21042], Parenti & Randall 2020:87 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Synonym of Mycteroperca Gill 1862. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.