Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Species in the family or subfamily Gobiidae: [ 2898 ] records


abacopus, Glossogobius Jordan [D. S.] & Richardson [R. E.] 1909:200, Pl. 74 [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 4 (no. 4); ref. 2493] Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Holotype: FMNH 52210 [ex CM 357]. Paratypes: FMNH 59540 (1), CAS-SU 21258 (2). Type catalog: Henn 1928:97 [ref. 12305], Böhlke 1953:112 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:40 [ref. 12367], Ho & Shao 2011:57 [ref. 31432]. Type designated in Pl. 74. •Synonym of Glossogobius biocellatus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Ho & Shao 2011:57 [ref. 31432]). •Synonym of Psammogobius biocellatus (Valenciennes 1837) (Kottelat 2013:421 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Psammogobius biocellatus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

abascantus, Ellogobius Whitley [G. P.] 1937:17, Fig. 4 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 20 (no. 1); ref. 4691] Bateman's Bay, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS IA.6850. Paratypes: AMS I.32053-001 [ex AMS IA.6850] (2). Additional material: AMS I.6508 (1). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:171 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Mugilogobius paludis (Whitley 1930) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:793 [ref. 22532]). •Synonym of Mugilogobius platynotus (Günther 1861) -- (Larson 2001:159 [ref. 25522], Hoese & Larson 2006:1666 [ref. 29097]). Current status: Synonym of Mugilogobius platynotus (Günther 1861). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

abax, Asterropteryx Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1901:40, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 24 (no. 1244); ref. 2509] Misaki, Kanagawa Prefecture, Sagami Sea, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 6445. Paratypes: CAS 43534 [ex CAS-SU 6445] (5); CAS-SU 6652 (6), 9784 (17); ?USNM 49917 (2). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:140-141 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:105 [ref. 12291]. Types: Shinohara & Williams 2006:563 [ref. 31656]. •Valid as Eviota abax (Jordan & Snyder 1901) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:342 [ref. 7348], Yoshino & Shimada in Masuda et al. 1984:243 [ref. 6441], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:637 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1178 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2000:182 [ref. 25987], Nakabo 2002:1178 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:399, 660 [ref. 26218], Matsuura & Senou 2006:347 [ref. 28813], Greenfield & Randall 2010:271 [ref. 30765], Motomura et al. 2010:209 [ref. 31256], Hoese & Stewart 2012:66 [ref. 32113], Greenfield & Jewett 2014:58 [ref. 33326], Matsui et al. 2014:12 [ref. 33344], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:38 [ref. 34537] as abex, Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:41 [ref. 35011], Koeda et al. 2016:90 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Eviota abax (Jordan & Snyder 1901). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

abbotti, Taenioides Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1906:524, Fig. 4 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 31 (no. 1493); ref. 2531] Port Arthur, Manchuria, China. Holotype: USNM 55634. Paratypes: CAS-SU 9881 (1). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:131, 146 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:117 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Odontamblyopus lacepedii (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Murdy & Shibukawa 2001:39 [ref. 25243]). Current status: Synonym of Odontamblyopus lacepedii (Temminck & Schlegel 1845). Gobiidae: Amblyopinae. Habitat: marine.

abdurahmanovi, Benthophilus magistri Ragimov [D. B.] 1978:793 [703] [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 18 (no. 5); ref. 8998] East coast of Tyuleniy Island, northern Caspian Sea, depth 2.7 meters. Holotype: ZISP [= ZIN] 53657 [ex IZAB 132]. Paratypes: (orig. 99) ZISP 53658 [ex IZAB 132] (15). On p. 703 of English translation. •Synonym of Benthophilus magistri Iljin 1927, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Coad 1995:30 [ref. 23608], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:753 [ref. 24702], Vasil'eva 1998:129 [ref. 23591]). •Synonym of Benthophilus magistri Iljin 1927 -- (Bogutskaya et al. 2001:47 [ref. 26178]). •Valid as Benthophilus abduahmanovi Ragimov 1978 -- (Miller & Vasil'eva in Miller 2004:169 [ref. 27853], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:215 [ref. 28183], Boldyrev & Bogutskaya 2004:132 [ref. 28099], Boldyrev & Bogutskaya 2007:56 [ref. 29150], Neilson & Stepien 2009:96 [ref. 30487], Esmaeili et al. 2010:376 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:897 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:79 [ref. 35254]). Current status: Valid as Benthophilus abdurahmanovi Ragimov 1978. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Caspian Sea basin, Eurasia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

abei, Ctenogobius Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1901:55, Fig. 5 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 24 (no. 1244); ref. 2509] Wakayama, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan, Inland Sea. Holotype: CAS-SU 6447. Paratypes: USNM 49892 (1). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:141 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:109-110 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Gobius abei (Jordan & Snyder 1901) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:354 [ref. 7348]). •Valid as Mugilogobius abei (Jordan & Snyder 1901) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:268 [ref. 6441], Wu & Ni in Kuang et al. 1986:271 [ref. 26639], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:576 [ref. 25598], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:456 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:179 [ref. 25213], Cheng & Zhou 1997:373 [ref. 26385], Kim 1997:466 [ref. 24032], Takahashi et al. 1997:48 [ref. 24971], Sato et al. 1998:42 [ref. 24972], Mizuno et al. 1999:12 [ref. 25311], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:638 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1241 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:239 [ref. 25480], Kottelat 2001:60 [ref. 25482], Larson 2001:80 [ref. 25522], Sakai et al. 2001:113 [ref. 25693], Kim & Park 2002:390 [ref. 25913], Nakabo 2002:1241 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:399, 662 [ref. 26218], Matsui et al. 2014:7 [ref. 33344], Kottelat 2013:413 [ref. 32989], Larson et al. 2014:721 [ref. 33557], Huang et al. 2016:14 [ref. 34500]). Current status: Valid as Mugilogobius abei (Jordan & Snyder 1901). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan, Hong Kong and Taiwan. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

abyssum, Trimma Allen [G. R.] 2015:30, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 14; ref. 33704] Off Pulau Siladen, approximately 1°38’N, 124°47’E, North Sulawesi, Indonesia, depth 107 meters. Holotype: WAM P.34327-001. Paratypes: WAM P.34327-002 (1). •Valid as Trimma abyssum Allen 2015. Current status: Valid as Trimma abyssum Allen 2015. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Sulawesi, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

acanthistius, Hoplopomus Regan [C. T.] 1908:242, Pl. 29 (fig. 3) [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Mulaku, Maldives, Indian Ocean, depth 27 fathoms. Syntypes: BMNH 1901.12.31.48-57 (4). •Synonym of Oplopomus oplopomus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Randall & Goren 1993:15 [ref. 21131]). Current status: Synonym of Oplopomus oplopomus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

acer, Sovvityazius Prokofiev [A. M.] 2015:662, Figs. 1f, 2b, 2c, 3 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 55 (no. 6); ref. 34549] Philippines, 12°28'N, 128°05'E. Holotype: ZMMU 23152. Paratypes: ZMMU. •Valid as Sovvityazius acer Prokofiev 2015. Current status: Valid as Sovvityazius acer Prokofiev 2015. Gobiidae: Amblyopinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

aceras, Enypnias Ginsburg [I.] 1939:61 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 12362] Lower chamber, Miraflores Locks, Panama Canal. Holotype: USNM 107298. Paratypes: USNM 81835 (1), 123184 (7, 1 c&s), 123185 (1). •Valid as Enypnias aceras Ginsburg 1939 -- (Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1134 [ref. 22829], Thomson et al. 2000:240 [ref. 25640], Rüber et al. 2003:1596 [ref. 26969], Van Tassell 2011:153 [ref. 31732]). •Valid as Gobiosoma acerus (Ginsberg 1939) -- (Tornabene & Van Tassell 2014:8 [ref. 33167]). Current status: Valid as Gobiosoma aceras (Ginsburg 1939). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Panama to El Salvador. Habitat: marine.

acicularis, Gobiodon Harold [A. S.] & Winterbottom [R.] 1995:688, Figs. 1-2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 108 (no. 4); ref. 21923] Off Babelthuap Island, coral-enclosed area north of Arakataoch Stream, Belau (Palau), western Pacific. Holotype: CAS 81525. Paratypes: CAS 81515 (5), 81522 (6), 82377 (5); ROM 1603CS (2, c&s), 69038 (2). •Valid as Gobiodon acicularis Harold & Winterbottom 1995 -- (Harold & Winterbottom 1999:56 [ref. 23701], Myers 1999:255 [ref. 23965], Munday et al. 1999:54 [ref. 24284], Larson & Murdy 2001:3597 [ref. 26293], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:350 [ref. 28867], Hoese & Larson 2006:1655 [ref. 29097], Harold et al. 2008:120 [ref. 29450], Dimara et al. 2010:621 [ref. 31108], Suzuku et al. 2012:63 [ref. 32027], Allen & Erdmann 2012:896 [ref. 31980]. Shibukawa et al. 2013:144 [ref. 32951]). Current status: Valid as Gobiodon acicularis Harold & Winterbottom 1995. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea to Solomon Islands, Palau and Australia. Habitat: marine.

acritosus, Awaous (Awaous) Watson [R. E.] 1994:372, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 5 (no. 4); ref. 21576] Brown River at bridge 18.3 miles north of junction Brown-Sogeri Road, Central District, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: USNM 210816. Paratypes: KFRS F.5241-08 (2, not found); QM I.14162 (1), I.20753 (1); USNM 210776 (1), 210787 (1), 210804 (1), 210843 (1); WAM P.27395-006 (3), P.28545-005 (1), P.28546-006 (6). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:43 [ref. 30117]. Specimens not found in KFRS (Pogonoski, Appleyard & White, pers. comm. 9/18/2016). •Valid as Awaous acritosus Watson 1994 -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3600 [ref. 26293], Unmack 2001:1064 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:259 [ref. 25930], Hoese & Larson 2006:1626 [ref. 29097], Pusey et al. 2017:70 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Awaous acritosus Watson 1994. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Australia and New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

aculeatus, Benthophilus Baer [K. E. or K. L.] in Lukina 1984:168 [ ref. 29151] Bight at Novopetrovsk, Mangyshlak, Caspian Sea, Kazakhstan. No types known. Original not seen; see Boldyrev & Bogutskaya 2007:56 [ref. 29150]. •Synonym of Benthophilus leobergius Berg 1949 -- (Boldyrev & Bogutskaya 2007:60 [ref. 29150] with question, Neilson & Stepien 2009:96 [ref. 30487]). Current status: Synonym of Benthophilus leobergius Berg 1949. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

acutipennis, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:80 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Malabar, India. Syntypes: MNHN A-1356 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:25 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Oligolepis acutipennis (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:253 [ref. 6441], Maugé 1986:378 [ref. 6218], Hoese 1986:796 [ref. 5670], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:570 [ref. 25598], Allen 1991:189 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:939 [ref. 20764], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:475 [ref. 23876], Rema Devi 1993:178 [ref. 24020], Indra 1993:190 [ref. 24009], Kottelat et al. 1993:147 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:205 [ref. 22772], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:638 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1240 [ref. 25182], Larson & Murdy 2001:3601 [ref. 26293], Sakai et al. 2001:113 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:1240 [ref. 26193], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Pezold 2004:273 [ref. 27685], Seegers et al. 2003:46 [ref. 28087], Larson et al. 2008:142 [ref. 29532], Allen et al. 2008:173 [ref. 30265], Kottelat 2013:415 [ref. 32989], Prokofiev 2016:648 [ref. 35020], Koeda et al. 2016:93 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Oligolepis acutipennis (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

acutipinnis, Cotylopus Guichenot [A.] 1863:C-10 [Faune ichthyologique 2nd Partie, Annexe C.; ref. 1943] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-1321. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:21 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Cotylopus acutipinnis Guichenot 1863 -- (Maugé 1986:366 [ref. 6218], Watson 1995:65 [ref. 22316], Fricke 1999:506 [ref. 24106], Keith et al. 1999:118 [ref. 24548], Sparks & Nelson 2004:4 [ref. 27700], Keith et al. 2005:1396 [ref. 28139], Fricke et al. 2009:100 [ref. 30213], Keith et al. 2015:34 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Cotylopus acutipinnis Guichenot 1863. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Réunion and Mauritius (western Mascarenes endemic) [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

adamsi, Varicus Gilmore [R. G.], Van Tassell [J. L.] & Tornabene [L.] in Tornabene, Van Tassell, Gilmore, Robertson, Young & Baldwin 2016:31, Figs. 23-26 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 2016; ref. 34435] Sand Point, San Salvador, Bahamas, 23.957833N, -74.57066W, depth 435.1 meters. Holotype: USNM 427226. Paratypes: USNM. •Valid as Varicus adamsi Gilmore, Van Tassell & Tornabene 2016 -- (Tornabene et al. 2016:151 [ref. 34485]). Current status: Valid as Varicus adamsi Gilmore, Van Tassell & Tornabene 2016. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: San Salvador and Tobago, western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

adamsoni, Monishia Goren [M.] 1985:3, Figs. 1a, 2, 4a [Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) No. 360; ref. 5179] Small cove 4.8 kilometers west of nuclear power plant, Sind, Pakistan, depth 2 meters. Holotype: LACM 38320-23. Paratypes: LACM 38310-26 (1), TAU [= SMNHTAU] 8800 (1), plus non-type material. •Valid as Coryogalops adamsoni (Goren 1985) -- (Goren 1991:3 [ref. 19343], Randall et al. 1994:243 [ref. 21645], Randall 1995:330 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:213 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Kovačić et al. 2014:513 [ref. 33562], Kovačić et al. 2016:344 [ref. 34349]). Current status: Valid as Coryogalops adamsoni (Goren 1985). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf to Pakistan. Habitat: marine.

adapel, Luciogobius Okiyama [M.] 2001:142, Figs. 1-3 [Bulletin of the National Science Museum (Tokyo) v. 27 (no. 2); ref. 25683] Off Imabetsu, Aomori Prefecture, Japan, 41°11'N, 140°29'E, depth 20 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 59610. Paratypes: FRLM 21099 (1); NSMT-P 59611 (1, c&s), 59612 (1); USNM 365136 (1). •Valid as Luciogobius adapel Okiyama 2001 -- (Chen et al. 2008:253 [ref. 30075], Kanagawa et al. 2011:67 [ref. 31329]). Current status: Valid as Luciogobius adapel Okiyama 2001. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

adeia, Mugilogobius Larson [H. K.] & Kottelat [M.] 1992:227, Figs. 2-6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 3 (no. 3); ref. 20008] East of Talu, northern margin of Lake Matano, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype: Mus. Zool. Bogoriense 5891. Paratypes: MZB 5892 (2); NTM S.13067-001 (4), S.13068-001 (3); CMK 6468 (4), 6513 (4), 9063 (4). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:260 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Mugilogobius adeia Larson & Kottelat 1992 - (Larson 2001:90 [ref. 25522], Kottelat 2013:413 [ref. 32989], Larson et al. 2014:720 [ref. 33557], Miesen et al. 2016:93 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Mugilogobius adeia Larson & Kottelat 1992. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Lake Matano, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

adelphizonus, Lentipes Watson [R. E.] & Kottelat [M.] 2006:122, Figs. 1-3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 17 (no. 2); ref. 28766] Sungai Okitai, Halmahera, Maluku, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 5933. Paratypes: CMK 11293 (1), 11346 (1). •Valid as Lentipes adelphizonus Watson & Kottelat 2006 -- (Kottelat 2013:411 [ref. 32989], Keith et al. 2014:138 [ref. 33420], Keith et al. 2015:40 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Lentipes adelphizonus Watson & Kottelat 2006. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Halmahera, Maluku, Indonesia [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

adelum, Sicydium Bussing [W. A.] 1996:820, Figs. 1-3 [Revista de Biología Tropical v. 44 (no. 2); ref. 22890] Río Schui, tributary of Río Telire, Sixalo drainage neat Costa Rica-Panama border, 9°30'06'N, 83°00'04"W, elevation 90 meters. Holotype: LACM 45941-1. Paratypes: UCR 214-18 (2), 289-4 (1), 374-10 (was 24, now 10), 894-14 (2), 1126-25 (5), 1141-15 (9), 1294-24 (1), 1299-24 (164, 7 c&s), 1352-17 (9), 1372-7 (4), 1373-7 (2), 1394-8 (1); LACM 45941-2 (1), 45942-1 (14), 45943-1 (12). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:383 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Sicydium adelum Bussing 1996 -- (Bussing 1998:400 [ref. 24179], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1795 [ref. 27111], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:662 [ref. 27061], Van Tassell 2011:145 [ref. 31732], de Lucena et al.2013:142 [ref. 32517], Angulo et al. 2013:1009 [ref. 33194]). Current status: Valid as Sicydium adelum Bussing 1996. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Costa Rica. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

adonis, Myersina Shibukawa [K.] & Satapoomin [U.] 2006:30, Figs. 1-3 [Bulletin of the National Science Museum Series A (Zoology) v. 31; ref. 28710] Eastern coast of Libong Island, Trang Province, Andaman Sea, Thailand, eastern Indian Ocean. Holotype: PMBC 21030. Paratypes: AMS I.43770-001 (1); NSMT-P 65979 (, c&s), 65980 (1), 65987 (1); PMBC 20177 (1); ROM 79683 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Myersina adonis Shibukawa & Satapoomin 2006 -- (Shibukawa 2009:280 [ref. 30449], Allen & Erdmann 2012:879 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Myersina adonis Shibukawa & Satapoomin 2006. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: eastern Andaman Sewwa (Thailand), Singapore and Brunei. Habitat: marine.

adriaticus, Pomatoschistus pictus Miller [P. J.] 1973:72, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 79 (for 1 Sept 1972); ref. 7519] Split, Croatia, Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). Syntypes: NMW 28663-76 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1); coll. of Hans Bath (9). Replacement name for Pomatoschistus affinis Kolombatovic 1891, preoccupied by Gobius affinis Eichwald 1831. •Valid as Pomatoschistus adriaticus Miller 1973 -- (Fricke et al. 2007:106 [ref. 29533]). •Synonym of Pomatoschistus pictus (Malm 1865), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Miller 1973:59 [ref. 7519], Miller 1973:510 [ref. 6888], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1076 [ref. 13677], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:136 [ref. 26753] dated to 1972). •Synonym of Pomatoschistus pictus (Malm 1865) -- (Parin et al. 2014:496 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Pomatoschistus pictus (Malm 1865). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea endemic (if valid). Habitat: brackish, marine.

adyari, Vaimosa Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1945:402 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 35 (no. 12); ref. 2141] Adyar River, Madras, southern India. Holotype: CAS-SU 39864. Paratypes: CAS-SU 39865 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:118 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Pseudogobius melanostictus (Day 1876) -- (Larson 2001:203 [ref. 25522], Kottelat 2013:422 [ref. 32989], Chen et al. 2014:130 [ref. 33159]). •Synonym of Pseudogobius gastrospinos (Bleeker 1853) -- (Huang et al. 2013:95 [ref. 33734]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudogobius gastrospinos (Bleeker 1853). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: brackish.

aegyptius, Gobius lesueuri Chabanaud [P.] 1933:11, Fig. 7 [Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique (Monaco) No. 627; ref. 16475] Lake Timsah, Suez Canal. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1967-0955. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:35 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Silhouettea aegyptia (Chabanaud 1933) -- (Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1080 [ref. 13677], Miller 1988:253 [ref. 26483], Goren & Dor 1994:66 [ref. 25356], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567] as Silhouetta, Randall 2008:297 [ref. 29721]). Current status: Valid as Silhouettea aegyptia (Chabanaud 1933). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Northern Red Sea endemic; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

aeneofuscus, Gobius Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1852:681 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1852; ref. 18539] Sena, Zambezi River, Mozambique. Syntypes and possible syntypes: BMNH 1861.5.2.75 (1); ZMB 2105-07 (2, 3, 1), 17429 (1). Also in Peters 1868:18, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [ref. 3440]. •Valid as Chonophorus aeneofuscus (Peters 1852) -- (Maugé 1986:363 [ref. 6218]). •Valid as Awaous aeneofuscus (Peters 1852) -- (Hoese 1986:779 [ref. 5670], Skelton 1993:363 [ref. 24071], Reinthal & Stiassny 1997:354 [ref. 22780], Stiassny & Harrison 2000:151 [ref. 25252], Skelton 2001:363 [ref. 27406], Seegers et al. 2003:46 [ref. 28087], Heemstra et al. 2004:3328 [ref. 27945], Marshall 2011:264 [ref. 31755]). Current status: Valid as Awaous aeneofuscus (Peters 1852). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Eastern Africa, including Madagascar. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

aeolosoma, Gobius Ogilby [J. D.] 1889:61 [Memoirs of the Australian Museum, Sydney No. 2 (art. no. 3); ref. 18489] Lord Howe Island. Syntypes: AMS I.1488 (1), I.1849 (1). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:161 [ref. 2676]. •Valid as Bathygobius aeolosoma (Ogilby 1889) -- (Francis 1993:167 [ref. 25479]). Current status: Valid as Bathygobius aeolosoma (Ogilby 1889). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Lord Howe Island. Habitat: marine.

aestivaregia, Rhinogobius Mori [T.] 1934:56, Pl. 21 (figs. 3a-3b) [Report of the first scientific expedition to Manchoukuo, Tokyo, Sec. 5, Zoology Pt 1; ref. 3042] Summer Palace, Jehol, Manchouko, China. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. Additional material or paratypes: (4). •Valid as Ctenogobius aestivaregia (Mori 1934) -- (Zhu 1995:183 [ref. 25213]). •Synonym of Rhinogobius similis Gill 1859 -- (Okada 1961:659 [ref. 6363] as aestivarengia). •Synonym of Rhinogobius fukushimai Mori 1934 -- (Suzuki et al. 2017:81 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Synonym of Rhinogobius fukushimai Mori 1934. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: China [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

aestuarius, Acentrogobius Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:202, Fig. 18 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 13; ref. 4122] Inhambane, Mozambique. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 215. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 871 (1). •Valid as Istiogobius aestuarius (Smith 1959) -- (Goren 1981:98 [ref. 8597]). •Synonym of Istigobius spence (Smith 1947) -- (Murdy & Hoese 1985:27 [ref. 5237], Hoese 1986:794 [ref. 5670], Maugé 1986:375 [ref. 6218], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:351 [ref. 28867]). Current status: Synonym of Istigobius spence (Smith 1947). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

afelei, Eviota Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:387, Fig. 77 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Pago Pago, American Samoa. Lectotype: CAS-SU 8715. Paralectotypes: CAS 43542 [ex CAS-SU 8715] (6), USNM 51763 (3) Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:106 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype selected by Lachner & Karnella 1980:95 [ref. 6916]. •Valid as Eviota afelei Jordan & Seale 1906 -- (Yoshino & Shimada in Masuda et al. 1984:244 [ref. 6441], Kuiter 1993:355 [ref. 23929], Myers 1999:253 [ref. 23965], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:637 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1184 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3596 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1184 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:57 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:644 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:76 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:27 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:529 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Larson 2006:1642 [ref. 29097], Greenfield & Suzuki 2011:66 [ref. 31244], Allen & Erdmann 2012:912 [ref. 31980], Tornabene et al. 2013:378 [ref. 32884], Greenfield et al. 2014:484 [ref. 33193], Suzuki & Greenfield 2014:35 [ref. 33412], Suzuki et al. 2015:399 [ref. 33946], Greenfield & Randall 2016:34, 35 [ref. 34356], Greenfield & Jewett 2016:76 [ref. 34495], Tornabene & Greenfield 2016:6 [ref. 34518], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:71, 73 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota afelei Jordan & Seale 1906. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: West Pacific: Timor Sea, Papua New Guinea, Oceania to Tuamotu Archipelago, north to Japan east to Tuamotus. Habitat: marine.

affinis, Buenia Iljin [B. S.] 1930:51, Figs. 33-34 [Trabajos, Instituto Espanol de Oceanografía v. 2; ref. 2297] Based on Art. 70.3 and Art. 11.10 of the Code, Miller 1973:55 [ref. 7519] suggests that Iljin established a new nominal species as above in establishing the type species of Buenia (misidentified type species, not Gobius affinis Kolombatovic 1881). There is no evidence that this was a deliberate use of a misidentification (see Art. 11.5), so Buenia affinis was not established. The Code required that the problem be submitted to the ICZN to establish the type species, and that was not done. We assume that there is a valid species, but its name and authorship is not yet clarified, but it can be called Buenia affinis Iljin 1930 until properly established. •Treated as valid under this authorship -- (Miller 1973:491 [ref. 6888], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1026 [ref. 13677], Costa et al. 1996:15 [ref. 23506], Kovačić & Patzner 2009:175 [ref. 30510], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:185 [ref. 31737], Kovačić et al. 2012:436 [ref. 32861], Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2839 [ref. 34618], Kovačić et al. 2017:459 [ref. 35242]). Current status: Valid as Buenia affinis Iljin 1930. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea endemic. Canary Islands and Madeira [Miller & Murdy in ref. 34618]. Habitat: marine.

affinis, Gobius Kolombatović [G.] 1891:17 [Godicnje Izviesće C. K. Velike Realke u Splitu za Skolsku Godinu, Split v. 1890-1891; ref. 18430] Dalmatia, Croatia, Adriatic Sea, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: NMW 28663-76 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1), 28647-49 (3), 28658-62 (5). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Gobius affinis Eichwald 1831, replaced by Pomatoschistus pictus adriaticus Miller 1973. •Synonym of Pomatoschistus adriaticus Miller 1973. Current status: Synonym of Pomatoschistus adriaticus Miller 1973. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

affinis, Gobius Eichwald [C. E. von] 1831:75 [Zoologia specialis quam expositis animalibus tum vivis Pars posterior [3]; ref. 5562] Balkhan Bay, Caspian Sea. No types known. Also appeared as new in Eichward 1838:104 [ref. 34622]. •Synonym of Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas 1814), but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1949:1085 [ref. 20662]). •Synonym of Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas 1814) -- (Miller 1973:503 [ref. 6888], Coad 1995:31 [ref. 23608], Kottelat 1997:179 [ref. 22952], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:756 [ref. 24702], Vasil'eva 1998:141 [ref. 23591], Charlebois et al. 1998:1 [ref. 24500], Pinchuk et al. 2003:293 [ref. 27349], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:231 [ref. 28183], Neilson & Stepien 2009:96 [ref. 30487], Esmaeili et al. 2010:377 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:899 [ref. 34062]). Current status: Synonym of Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas 1814). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

africana, Gobius caninus var. Playfair [R. L.] in Playfair & Günther 1867:71, Pl. 9 (fig. 1) [The fishes of Zanzibar; ref. 3490] Zanzibar, Tanzania; East Indian Archipelago; China. Syntypes: BMNH 1867.3.7.502 (1) Zanzibar. •Synonym of Yongeichthys nebulosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Maugé 1986:387 [ref. 6218]). Current status: Synonym of Yongeichthys nebulosus (Forsskål 1775). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

africanus, Fusigobius neophytus Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:208, Pl. 11 (fig. F) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 13; ref. 4122] Ibo, Mozambique. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 187 [?not 882]. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 880 (16), 881-883 (1, 1, 1), 899-901 (1, 1, 2). •Synonym of Fusigobius neophytus (Günther 1877), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Goren 1979:39 [ref. 1852], Dor 1984:245 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Fusigobius neophytus (Günther 1877) -- (Hoese & Reader 1985:7 [ref. 8155], Hoese 1986:789 [ref. 5670], Francis 1993:167 [ref. 25479]). •Synonym of Coryphopterus neophytus (Günther 1877) -- (Greenfield & Randall 2004:518 [ref. 28175]). Current status: Synonym of Fusigobius neophytus (Günther 1877). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

africanus, Paratyntlastes Giltay [L.] 1935:12, Fig. 3 [Bulletin du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique v. 11 (no. 36); ref. 1797] Moanda, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 39278. Paratypes: (11) IRSNB 44 (1), MRAC 39279-89 (11). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:45 [ref. 20755]. •Valid as Gobioides africanus (Giltay 1935) -- (Maugé 1986:370 [ref. 6218], Miller 1990:932 [ref. 19376], Harrison & Miller in Lévêque et al. 1992:803 [ref. 21590], Murdy 1998:125 [ref. 23380], Harrison et al. 2007:501 [ref. 30083], Schliewen 2011:211 [ref. 31738], Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2841 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Gobioides africanus (Giltay 1935). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Ghana to Democratic Republic of Congo and Gulf of Guinea islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

africanus, Periophthalmus koelreuteri Eggert [B.] 1935:78, Pl. 5 (fig. 21) [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 67; ref. 13880] Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Holotype: ZMB 18365 [?18364]. Comments on types for Periophthalmus koelreuteri, subspecies africanus Eggert 1935: Konstantinidis et al. 2016:[4] [ref. 34503]. •Synonym of Periophthalmus koelreuteri (Pallas 1770), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Dor 1984:253 [ref. 29757], Maugé 1986:400 [ref. 6218]). •Valid as Periophthalmus africanus Eggert 1935 -- (Hoese 1986:799 [ref. 5670]). •Synonym of Periophthalmus kalolo Lesson 1831 -- (Murdy 1989:38 [ref. 13628]). •Synonym of Periophthalmus kallopterus Bleeker 1854 -- (Kottelat 2013:419 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Periophthalmus kalolo Lesson 1831. Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

aggregatus, Brachygobius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1940:361, Pl. 4 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 72 (no. 4); ref. 11010] Dumaguete, Oriental Negros, Philippines. Lectotype: CAS-SU 32990. Paralectotypes: ?BMNH 1938.12.1.193-198 (?6) from Herre; CAS-SU 18082 (2), 32991-92 (124, 61). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:108 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype selected by Böhlke 1953:108 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Brachygobius aggregatus Herre 1940 -- (Miller 1989:380 [ref. 13540], Kottelat et al. 1993:143 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:203 [ref. 22772], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Larson 2001:50 [ref. 25522], Kottelat 2013:403 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Brachygobius aggregatus Herre 1940. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

aglestes, Glossogobius Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1905:798, Fig. 16 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 28 (no. 1407); ref. 2495] Southern Negros, Philippines. Holotype (unique): USNM 51948. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:123 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Psammogobius biocellatus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:421 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Psammogobius biocellatus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

agrena, Priolepis Winterbottom [R.] & Burridge [M.] 1993:2057, Figs. 1-3 [Canadian Journal of Zoology v. 71; ref. 21406] West side of Sumilon Island, 0.75 kilometers northeast of sand spit at southwestern tip, 9°26'12"N, 123°23'06"E, Philippines, depth 15-26 meters. Holotype: ROM 53204. Paratypes: AMS I.20779-165 (1), I.21918-041 (1). •Valid as Priolepis agrena Winterbottom & Burridge 1993 -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3599 [ref. 26293], Allen & Erdmann 2012:928 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:171 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Priolepis agrena Winterbottom & Burridge 1993. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Philippines and Australia. Habitat: marine.

agrena, Trimma Winterbottom [R.] & Chen [I-S.] 2004:103, Fig. 1 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Suppl. No. 11; ref. 27714] Sumilon Island, southern side of island about 0.75 kilometers northeast of sand spit, 9°26'10"N, 123°23'06"E, Bohol Strait, Cebu, Philippines, depth 3-10.7 meters. Holotype: ROM 53126. Paratypes: ROM 1153CS (1?), 1157CS (1?), 49216 (6), 74054 (6); USNM 210234 (23). •Valid as Trimma agrena Winterbottom & Chen 2004 -- (Hagiwara & Winterbottom 2007:164 [ref. 29103], Winterbottom & Zur 2007:24 [ref. 29376], Allen & Erdmann 2012:934 [ref. 31980], Winterbottom & Hoese 2015:30, 81 [ref. 33709]). Current status: Valid as Trimma agrena Winterbottom & Chen 2004. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Malaysia, Indonesia and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

agulhensis, Gobius Barnard [K. H.] 1927:71 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 20 (no. 115) (art. 8); ref. 193] False Bay, St. Sebastian Bay, Mossel Bay, and off East London, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 20-40 fathoms [37-73 meters]. Syntypes: BMNH 1927.12.6.50-51 [ex SAM] (2); SAM 17349-51 (4, 10, 1), 17453-54 (2, 2). Also appeared as new in Barnard 1927:821 [ref. 194]. •Valid as Caffrogobius agulhensis (Barnard 1927) -- (Hoese 1986:783 [ref. 5670], Randall 1995:795 [ref. 22357], Goren 1996:5 [ref. 24415], Schliewen 2011:214 [ref. 31738]). Current status: Valid as Caffrogobius agulhensis (Barnard 1927). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa. Habitat: marine.

aiensis, Sicyopterus Keith [P.], Watson [R. E.] & Marquet [G.] 2004:112, Figs. 1-3 [Cybium v. 28 (no. 2); ref. 27828] Creek Ai, Efate Island, Vanuatu. Holotype: MNHN 2003-268. Kottelat 2013:427 [ref. 32989] •Valid as Sicyopterus aiensis Keith, Watson & Marquet 2004 -- (Keith et al. 2012:304 [ref. 31972], Keith et al. 2015:80 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Sicyopterus aiensis Keith, Watson & Marquet 2004. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Vanuatu Islands, southwestern Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ailina, Priolepis Winterbottom [R.] & Burridge [M.] 1993:495, Figs. 1-3 [Canadian Journal of Zoology v. 71; ref. 20895] Off northwestern coast of Moorea, 17°31'00"S, 149°55'35"W, Society Islands, depth 18-24 meters. Holotype: ROM 60046. Paratypes: ROM 60044-45 (1, 1), 60047-48 (2, 1), 62680 (4), 1421CS (1, c&s). •Valid as Priolepis ailina Winterbottom & Burridge 1993 -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3599 [ref. 26293], Randall 2005:547 [ref. 28239], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988]). Current status: Valid as Priolepis ailina Winterbottom & Burridge 1993. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Society Islands and Marquesas Islands. Habitat: marine.

aimoriensis, Pinnichthys Van Tassell [J. L.] & Tornabene [L.] in Tornabene, Van Tassell, Gilmore, Robertson, Young & Baldwin 2016:18, Figs. 10-12 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 2016; ref. 34435] Plataforma Peroá, Espirito Santo, Brazil, -39.264W, -19.577S, depth 70 meters. Holotype: CIUFES 2414. Paratypes: AMNH. •Valid as Pinnichthys aimoriensis Van Tassell & Tornabene 2016. Current status: Valid as Pinnichthys aimoriensis Van Tassell & Tornabene 2016. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Espirito Santo, Brazil. Habitat: marine.

aino, Chloea Schmidt [P. J.] 1904:207 [Fishes of the eastern seas of the Russian Empire; ref. 3946] Chepisani and Tunaichi Lakes, near Aniva Bay, southern Sakhalin Island, River Arzakul', Aniva Bay, Russia. Syntypes: ?NMW 82275 (1); ZIN 13106 (3), 13133 (10, now 8). •Synonym of Gymnogobius macrognathos (Bleeker 1860) -- (Berg 1949:1073 [ref. 20662] as macrognathus, Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:377 [ref. 7348] as macrognathus). •Synonym of Chaenogobius annularis Gill 1859, subspecies urotaenia (Hilgendorf 1879) -- (Okada 1961:678 [ref. 6363]). •Synonym of Chaenogobius annularis Gill 1859 -- (Vasil'eva 1998:132 [ref. 23591]). •Synonym of Chaenogobius urotaenia (Hilgendorf 1879) -- (Stevenson 2002:303 [ref. 26489]). •Synonym of Gymnogobius urotaenia (Hilgendorf 1879) -- (Vasil'eva 2003:S47 [ref. 28444], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:224 [ref. 28183], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:191 [ref. 35257]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnogobius urotaenia (Hilgendorf 1879). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

aithiops, Priolepis Winterbottom [R.] & Burridge [M.] 1992:1936, Figs. 2-3 [Canadian Journal of Zoology v. 70; ref. 20878] 11 kilometers east of Maumere off São Wisata Resort, Flores, Indonesia, depth 15-17 meters. Holotype: BPBM 34123. Paratypes: ROM 63319 (1). •Valid as Priolepis aithiops Winterbottom & Burridge 1992 -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3599 [ref. 26293], Allen & Adrim 2003:60 [ref. 26830] as aithops, Nogawa & Endo 2007:159 [ref. 29104], Allen & Erdmann 2012:928 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Priolepis aithiops Winterbottom & Burridge 1992. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

akihito, Exyrias Allen [G. R.] & Randall [J. E.] 2005:231 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 53 (no. 2); ref. 28537] Amitori Bay, Iriomote Island, Yaeyama Islands, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, depth 28 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 71648. Paratypes: Many lots at AMS, BLIH, BPBM, and WAM. Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:44 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Exyrias akihito Allen & Randall 2005 -- (Randall 2008:300 [ref. 29721], Allen & Erdmann 2012:968 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:164 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Exyrias akihito Allen & Randall 2005. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Great Barrier Reef and Yaeyama Islands. Habitat: marine.

akihito, Platygobiopsis Springer [V. G.] & Randall [J. E.] 1992:353, Figs. 1-3 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 38 (no. 4); ref. 19514] Maumere Bay off São Wisata Resort, Flores, Indonesia, depth 15-17 meters. Holotype: USNM 309181. Paratypes: AMS I.31467-001 (1); BMNH 1991.5.7.1 (1); BPBM 32817 (2); CAS 76005 (1); NSMT-P 34720 (1); NTM S.13009-001 (1); ROM 61628 (1); USNM 309197 (2, 1 c&s), 316643 (1). •Valid as Platygobiopsis akihito Springer & Randall 1992 -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3599 [ref. 26293], Allen & Adrim 2003:59 [ref. 26830], Okiyama 2008:85 [ref. 29577], Prokofiev 2008:853 [ref. 29937], Shibukawa 2010:97 [ref. 30809], Allen & Erdmann 2012:985 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Platygobiopsis akihito Springer & Randall 1992. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Flores (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

akihitoi, Priolepis Hoese [D. F.] & Larson [H. K.] 2010:377, Figs. 1, 51, 5b [Ichthyological Research v. 57; ref. 31045] Futo, Ito City, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan, depth 25 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 69916. Paratypes: AMS, BMNH, BLIH, BPBM, NSMT, QM, ROM, YCM. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Priolepis akihitoi Hoese & Larson 2010. Current status: Valid as Priolepis akihitoi Hoese & Larson 2010. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Japan, New Caledonia and Australia. Habitat: marine.

albescens, Gobius Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:557, 558 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 2; ref. 2709] Not available, name cited in the synonymy of Gobius jozo Linnaeus 1758. Gobiidae: Gobiinae.

albescens, Gobius jozo var. Canestrini [G.] 1862:129 [Archivio per la Zoologia, l'Anatomia e la Fisiologia v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 17322] Described as a "Varietas." Treated by Kottelat 1997:177 [ref. 22952] as infrasubspecific and not available; from Gulf of Genoa, Italy. •In the synonymy of Gobius niger Linnaeus 1758 -- (Miller 1973:483 [ref. 6888], Kottelat 1997:177 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Gobius niger Linnaeus 1758. Gobiidae: Gobiinae.

albidorsus, Mars Yanagisawa [Y.] 1978:282, Pl. 1 (fig. f); Figs. 7, 11a [Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory v. 24 (nos 4/6); ref. 7028] Sonai, Iriomote Island, Nansei Islands, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, depth 1 meter. Holotype: SMBL 299 [not seen at FAKU]. Paratypes: SMBL 300 (1) [not seen at FAKU]. Type catalog: Harada 1991:222 [ref. 20030]. •Valid as Cryptocentrus albidorsus (Yanagisawa 1978) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:257 [ref. 6441], Myers 1999:239 [ref. 23965], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1226 [ref. 25182], Larson & Murdy 2001:3596 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1226 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:57 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Larson 2004:168 [ref. 28074], Motomura et al. 2010:208 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:869 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Cryptocentrus albidorsus (Yanagisawa 1978). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Singapore, Indonesia, Philippines and Palau to Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

albilosus, Asterropteryx Koumans [F. P.] (ex Ogilby) 1940:176 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 22; ref. 2676] Ogilby name mentioned as "Name not published?" Not available, not treated as a valid taxon when proposed and no description. Gobiidae: Gobiinae.

albimaculatus, Gobius Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1830:135 [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 1733. Paralectotypes: ?BMNH 1860.11.9.66-67 (2), SMF 4844-45 (2). Lectotype established by Dor 1984:239 [ref. 29757] if not designated earlier. •Valid as Amblygobius albimaculatus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Goren 1979:24 [ref. 1852], Dor 1984:239 [ref. 29757], Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:255 [ref. 6441], Maugé 1986:359 [ref. 6218], Hoese 1986:778 [ref. 5670], Goren & Dor 1994:62 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:327 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:213 [ref. 23922], Myers 1999:242 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:497 [ref. 24106], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:241 [ref. 25480], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Heemstra et al. 2004:3328 [ref. 27945]). Current status: Valid as Amblygobius albimaculatus (Rüppell 1830). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes (Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Philippines (possibly Gambier Islands), north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: brackish, marine.

albimaculatus, Rhinogobius Chen [I-S.], Kottelat [M.] & Miller [P. J.] 1999:23, Figs. 4-5, 10, 14 [Zoological Studies v. 38 (1); ref. 23908] Houay Sala Yai, a tributary of Nam San, 18°35'17"N, 103°05'00"E, Mekong River basin, Vientiane Province, Laos. Holotype: ZRC 45288. Paratypes: CMK 13360-4 through -13360-22 (19), ZRC 45289 (2). •Valid as Rhinogobius albimaculatus Chen, Kottelat & Miller 1999 -- (Kottelat 2001:157 [ref. 25780], Chen et al. 2008:341 [ref. 29895], Kottelat 2013:424 [ref. 32989], Huang et al. 2016:[8] [ref. 34339], Takahashi & Okazaki 2017:[2] [ref. 35171], Suzuki et al. 2017:82 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Valid as Rhinogobius albimaculatus Chen, Kottelat & Miller 1999. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Mekong River basin, Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

albius, Cristatogobius Chen [T.-R.] 1959:209, Fig. 1 [Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum (Taipei) v. 12 (nos 3-4); ref. 11954] Tong-kang, southeastern Taiwan. Holotype (unique): TFRI 3929. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:56 [ref. 31432]. •Synonym of Cristatogobius nonatoae (Ablan 1940) -- (Zhu 1995:180 [ref. 25213], Akihito & Meguro 2000:257 [ref. 24803], Kottelat 2013:404 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Cristatogobius albius Chen 1959 -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3596 [ref. 26293], Ho & Shao 2011:56 [ref. 31432]). Current status: Valid as Cristatogobius albius Chen 1959. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

albofasciatus, Gobiodon Sawada [Y.] & Arai [R.] 1972:416, fig'd [Bulletin of the National Science Museum (Tokyo) v. 15 (no. 3); ref. 7643] Kabira, Ishigaki Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: NSMT-P 17491. Paratypes: NSMT-P 17492 (1, 1). •Synonym of Gobiodon spilophthalmus Fower 1944 -- (Hoese & Larson 2006:1657 [ref. 29097]). •Questionably valid as Gobiodon albofasciatus Sawada & Arai 1972 -- (Harold et al. 2008:120 [ref. 29450]). •Valid as Gobiodon albofasciatus Sawada & Arai 1972 -- (Yoshino & Yamamoto in Masuda et al. 1984:265 [ref. 6441], Harold & Winterbottom 1995:687 [ref. 21923], Harold & Winterbottom 1999:56 [ref. 23701], Munday et al. 1999:56 [ref. 24284] with question, Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:638 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1186 [ref. 25182], Larson & Murdy 2001:3597 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1186 [ref. 26193], Larson et al. 2008:149 [ref. 29532], Herler et al. 3013:327 [ref. 32889]), •Synonym of Gobiodon heterospilos Bleeker 1856 -- (Shibukawa et al. 2013:141 [ref. 32951]). Current status: Valid as Gobiodon albofasciatus Sawada & Arai 1972. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Asia. Habitat: marine.

albolineata, Eviota Jewett [S. L.] & Lachner [E. A.] 1983:783, Figs. 1-2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 96 (no. 4); ref. 5368] Patch reef south of Tapueraha Pass, Tahiti, Society Islands [French Polynesia, South Pacific], depth 0-3 meters. Holotype: USNM 227140. Paratypes: AMNH 43020 (2), 43022-28 (1, 2, 13, 1, 1, 5, 1), 43033 (1), 43034 (orig. 45, now 20); AMS I.24025-001 (6), I.24026-001 (5); ANSP 151994 (6); BPBM 29191-92 (1, 5); CAS 48471 (4), 52829-30 (4, 5); USNM 227165-67 (5, 11, 7). •Valid as Eviota albolineata Jewett & Lachner 1983 -- (Hoese 1986:787 [ref. 5670], Sunobe & Shimada 1989:479 [ref. 22497], Randall & Goren 1993:9 [ref. 21131], Francis 1993:167 [ref. 25479], Randall 1997:4 [ref. 24375], Myers 1999:253 [ref. 23962], Fricke 1999:507 [ref. 24106], Randall 1999:26 [ref. 25829], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:637 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1179 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3596 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1179 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:58 [ref. 26830] as albolineatus, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S119 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:644 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:180 [ref. 27510], Heemstra et al. 2004:3328 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:529 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Larson 2006:1643 [ref. 29097], Greenfield & Randall 2010:286 [ref. 30765], Hoese & Stewart 2012:66 [ref. 32113], Tornabene et al. 2013:2 [ref. 32884], Greenfield & Jewett 2014:58 [ref. 33326], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:45 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota albolineata Jewett & Lachner 1983. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Society Islands, Tuamotu Archipelago and the Line Islands. Habitat: marine.

albolineatus, Gobiodon Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:219, Fig. 38 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 13; ref. 4122] Assumption Island, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 185. Paratypes: (3) SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 877 (2). •Valid as Gobiodon albolineatus Smith 1959 -- (Herler et al. 3013:327 [ref. 32889]). Current status: Valid as Gobiodon albolineatus Smith 1959. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

albopunctatus, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:57 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-1044. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-1400 (1), 0000-1401 (1), A-1342 (2), 1986-0607 [ex MNHN 0000-1400] (1), 1986-0614 [ex MNHN 0000-1044] (1), 1986-1062 [ex. MNHN 0000-1044] (1) Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:25 [ref. 19958]. Lectotype selected by Goren 1988:38 [ref. 6612]. •Synonym of Bathygobius fuscus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Dor 1984:240 [ref. 29757], Maugé 1986:361 [ref. 6218]). •Valid as Bathygobius albopunctatus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Hoese 1986:780 [ref. 5670], Goren 1988 [ref. 6612], Larson & Murdy 2001:3595 [ref. 26293]). •Synonym of Bathygobius coalitus (Bennett 1832) -- (Fricke 1999:500 [ref. 24106], Randall 2005:520 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:471 [ref. 28379], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:349 [ref. 28867], Randall 2007:395 [ref. 30952], Kottelat 2013:401 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Bathygobius coalitus (Bennett 1832). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

albosignatus, Gobius Kessler [K. F.] 1874:230 [40] [Trudy St.-Peterburgskogo Obscestva Estestvoispytatelej = Travaux de la Société des Naturalistes de St. Pétersbourg. v. 5; ref. 18397] Crimea, Ukraine. Holotype (unique): ZIN 2104. •Synonym of Gobius paganellus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Miller 1973:487 [ref. 6888], Miller 1990:937 [ref. 19376], Vasil'eva 2003:S45 [ref. 28444], Parin et al. 2014:483 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Gobius paganellus Linnaeus 1758. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

albostriatus, Periophthalmus koelreuteri Eggert [B.] 1935:73, Fig. 10 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 67; ref. 13880] Poeloe Popole, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) PMJ 763 (1), Universität Tübingen (destroyed in WWII). For type status see Murdy 1989:39 [ref. 13628]. Comments on types for Periophthalmus koelreuteri, subspecies albostriatus Eggert 1935: Konstantinidis et al. 2016:[4] [ref. 34503]. •Synonym of Periophthalmus kalolo Lesson 1831 -- (Murdy 1989:38 [ref. 13628]). •Synonym of Periophthalmus kallopterus Bleeker 1854 -- (Kottelat 2013:419 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Periophthalmus kallopterus Bleeker 1854. Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

albotaeniatum, Sicydium Günther [A.] 1877:183, Pl. 110 (fig. D) [Journal des Museum Godeffroy v. 4 (no. 13); ref. 14243] Hawaiian Islands. Syntypes: (2) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Sicyopterus stimpsoni (Gill 1860) -- (Mundy 2005:481 [ref. 28379], Keith et al. 2015:134 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Synonym of Sicyopterus stimpsoni (Gill 1860). Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

albus, Gobius Parnell [R.] 1831-37:248, Pl. 29 [Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society, Edinburgh v. 7 (art. 2) (for 1831-1837); ref. 18519] Firth of Forth, Scotland. No types known. Date uncertain, sometimes given as 1838. •Synonym of Aphia minuta (Risso 1810) -- (Miller 1973:489 [ref. 6888], Parin et al. 2015:476 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Aphia minuta (Risso 1810). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

albus, Gobius Gistel [J.] 1848:107, Pl. 18 (fig. 7) [Naturgeschichte des Thierreichs; ref. 1822] Gobiidae.

albus, Luciogobius Regan [C. T.] 1940:465 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 5 (no. 29); ref. 17245] Cave of Daikon-zima, Simani-ken, Japan. Syntypes: (2) ZUMT 25693 (1), 25762 (1). Based on two specimens of Luciogobius guttatus guttatus of Tomiyama 1936:51, Fig. 10C [ref. 4413]. •Valid as Luciogobius albus Regan 1940 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:405 [ref. 7348], Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:282 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1163 [ref. 25182], Romero & Paulson 2001:35 [ref. 26040], Nakabo 2002:1163 [ref. 26193], Proudlove 2006:195 [ref. 28992], Chen et al. 2008:253 [ref. 30075], Kanagawa et al. 2011:67 [ref. 31329]). Current status: Valid as Luciogobius albus Regan 1940. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Japan. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

albus, Sicyodon Fourmanoir [P.] 1966:957, Fig. 1 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 37 (no. 6, 1965); ref. 1355] Nha-Trang market, Vietnam. Holotype: MNHN 1965-0708. Paratypes: (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:45 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Lobulogobius omanensis Koumans 1944 -- (Randall 1995:339 [ref. 22896]). Current status: Synonym of Lobulogobius omanensis Koumans 1944. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

alcedo, Stiphodon Maeda [K.], Mukai [T.] & Tachihara [K.] 2012:287, Figs. 5, 6, 8 [Cybium v. 35 (no. 4) (for 2011); ref. 31973] Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: NSMT-P 103600. Paratypes: many at BLIH, NSMT, URM. •Valid as Stiphodon alcedo Maeda, Mukai & Tachihara 2012 -- (Maeda & Saeki 2013:215 [ref. 33022], Maeda 2013:(7) [ref. 33023], Maeda & Palla 2015:393 [ref. 33960], Maeda et al. 2015:255 [ref. 33999], Keith et al. 2015:174 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Stiphodon alcedo Maeda, Mukai & Tachihara 2012. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Ryukyu Islands and Taiwan [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

alcockii, Gobius Annandale [N.] 1906:201, Fig. 1 [Journal & Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (New Series) v. 2 (no. 5) (art. 27); ref. 15638] Port Canning and Calcutta, India. Syntypes: BMNH 1906.8.10.46 (1), ZMA 114487 (3). Non-types: RMNH 12063 (2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:98 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Brachygobius alcockii (Annandale 1906) -- (Miller 1989:380 [ref. 13540] as alcocki). •Synonym of Brachygobius nunus (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:930 [ref. 20764], Larson 2001:52 [ref. 25522]). Current status: Synonym of Brachygobius nunus (Hamilton 1822). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

alepidoptus, Gobius Bosc [L. A. G.] in Lacepède 1800:555 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 2; ref. 2709] No types known. Appeared as "Gobius alepidoptus, corpus nudo,...."in account of Gobius bosc; regarded as nonbinominal and not available. Gobiidae.

alepidotus, Gobius Schneider [J. G.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:547 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] "Americanum septentrionale". No types known. •Synonym of Gobiosoma bosc (Lacepède 1800). Current status: Synonym of Gobiosoma bosc (Lacepède 1800). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

alepis, Psilotris Ginsburg [I.] 1953:22 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 43 (no. 1); ref. 1806] St. Croix Island, Virgin Islands, West Indies. Holotype (unique): USNM 123231. •Valid as Psilotris alepis Ginsburg 1953 -- (Greenfield et al. 1993:183 [ref. 20313], Greenfield 1993:773 [ref. 21015], Cervigón 1994:208 [ref. 24488], Smith & Baldwin 1999:438 [ref. 24419], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1794 [ref. 27111], Nelson et al. 2004:173 [ref. 27807], Van Tassell 2011:155 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:178 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:79 [ref. 33341], Tornabene et al. 2016:13 [ref. 34435]). Current status: Valid as Psilotris alepis Ginsburg 1953. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

alfiei, Gobiosoma Joyeux [J.-C.] & Macieira [R. M.] in Van Tassell, Joyeux, Macieira & Tornabene 2015:462, Figs. 6-8 [Zootaxa 4007 (no. 4); ref. 33949] Tidepool at Praia dos Castelhanos, Anchieta, Espírito Santo, Brazil, 20°50'S, 40°37'W, depth shallow. Holotype: CIUFES 3114. Paratypes: AMNH, CIUFES, UF, UFRB, ZUEC. Plus additional non-type specimens. •Valid as Gobiosoma alfiei Joyeux & Macieira 2015. Current status: Valid as Gobiosoma alfiei Joyeux & Macieira 2015. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Brazil. Habitat: marine.

algarbiensis, Gobius de Brito Capello [F.] 1880:23 [Catalogo dos peizes de Portugal; ref. 27866] Seas of Lisboa, Setubal and Lagos, Portugal. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Appeared first as Gobius sp. ? in Brito Capello 1869:224 [ref. 17966]. •Synonym of Gobius cobitis Pallas 1814 -- (Miller 1973:485 [ref. 6888], Miller 1990:934 [ref. 19376], Kottelat 1997:176 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Gobius cobitis Pallas 1814. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

algida, Eviota Greenfield [D. W.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2014:29, Figs. 1-4 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 13; ref. 33581] Gamat Bay, Nasa Penida, Indonesia, 8°42.042'S, 115°28.107'E, depth 32 meters. Holotype: CAS 237612. Paratypes: CAS, ROM, MZB, USNM. Photograph from another Indonesia locality. •Valid as Eviota algida Greenfield & Erdmann 2014 -- (Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:56 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota algida Greenfield & Erdmann 2014. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Bali, Indonesia; plus photographic records in Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

aliceae, Gnathogobius Smith [H. M.] 1945:523, Fig. 104 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 188; ref. 4056] Bangkok, Thailand. Holotype: USNM 119604. Paratypes: USNM 119605 (1). •Valid as Calamiana aliceae (Smith 1945) -- (Rainboth 1996:204 [ref. 22772]). •Synonym of Calamiana kabilia (Herre 1940) -- (Larson 2001:59 [ref. 25522]). •Synonym of Eugnathogobius kabilia (Herre 1940) -- (Larson 2009:135 [ref. 30125], Kottelat 2013:406 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Eugnathogobius kabilia (Herre 1940). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater.

aliciae, Aboma Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1936:10, Pl. 7 [Bulletin of the Raffles Museum No. 12; ref. 10994] Singapore harbor. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 30952. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:152 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:107 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Papillogobius reichei (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kottelat 2013:417 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Favonigobius aliciae (Herre 1936) -- (Rainboth 1996:199 [ref. 22772], Larson et al. 2008:149 [ref. 29532]). •Synonym of Favonigobius reichei (Bleeker 1854). Current status: Synonym of Favonigobius reichei (Bleeker 1854). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

allen, Stiphodon Watson [R. E.] 1996:114, Figs. 2-5 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 23 (nos 3-4); ref. 22688] Harvey Creek at Deeral, northeastern Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): WAM P.29644-001. Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:45 [ref. 30117]. Name treated as a noun in apposition. •Valid as Stiphodon allen Watson 1996 -- (Watson 1998:76 [ref. 23640], Larson & Murdy 2001:3603 [ref. 26293], Unmack 2001:064 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:275 [ref. 25930], Hoese & Larson 2006:1684 [ref. 29097], Maeda 2013:(7) [ref. 33023]). •Synonym of Stiphodon semoni Weber 1895 -- (Keith et al. 2015:236 [ref. 34328] tentatively placed). Current status: Synonym of Stiphodon semoni Weber 1895. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Australia (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

alleni, Schismatogobius Keith [P.], Lord [C.] & Larson [H. K.] 2017:62, Figs. 2E, 10-11 [Cybium v. 41 (no. 1); ref. 35180] Uruf Creek, tributary of Markham River, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: QM I.39304. Paratypes: AUM. •Valid as Schismatogobius alleni Keith, Lord & Larson 2017 -- (Keith et al. 2017:210 [ref. 35442]). Current status: Valid as Schismatogobius alleni Keith, Lord & Larson 2017. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

alleni, Stenogobius (Insularigobius) Watson [R. E.] 1991:632, Figs. 26a-b [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 15 (pt 3); ref. 19908] Tovarua Stream near public beach, New Britain Island, Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: WAM P.28177-010. Paratypes: AMS I.25440-001 (2), USNM 276265 [not 276275] (2), WAM P.28177-003 (5). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:45 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Stenogobius alleni Watson 1991 -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3601 [ref. 26293]). Current status: Valid as Stenogobius alleni Watson 1991. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

alleni, Tomiyamichthys Iwata [A.], Ohnishi [N.] & Hirata [T.] 2000:771, Figs. 1-2 [Copeia 2000 (no. 3); ref. 24584] Otsuki-cho, Hata-gun, Kochi Prefecture, Kashiwajima Island, Japan, 32°45'N, 132°38'E. Holotype: NSMT-P 52627. Paratypes: AMS I.37856-001 (1), BLIH 1992474-75 (1, 1), BMNH 1997.4.22.1 (1), BPBM 32098 (1), FAKU 65768, ZUMT 59946 (1). •Valid as Tomiyamichthys alleni Iwata, Ohnishi & Hirata 2000 -- (Nakabo 2000:1222 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1222 [ref. 26193], Randall & Chen 2007:655 [ref. 29392], Allen & Erdmann 2012:883 [ref. 31980], Allen 2015:79 [ref. 33923], Hoese et al. 2016:583 [ref. 34210]). Current status: Valid as Tomiyamichthys alleni Iwata, Ohnishi & Hirata 2000. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indonesia, Fiji and southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

alleni, Valenciennea Hoese [D. F.] & Larson [H. K.] 1994:13, Pls. 1A, 5A [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 23; ref. 12483] Haggerstone Island, Queensland, Australia, depth 2-5 meters. Holotype: AMS I.20937-001. Paratypes: AMS I.19460-047 (2), I.19461-065 (1), I.20937-002 (1), IB.3039 (1), IB.3041 (1); BPBM 32004 (1); CAS 54461 (1); NTM S.10015-028 (4), S.10016-006 (9), S.11735-002 (1); S.10814-039 (1); QM I.10224 (1); USNM 258667 (1); WAM P.25168-001 (1), P.26667-008 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:46 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Valenciennea alleni Hoese & Larson 1994 -- (Allen 1997:220 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:369 [ref. 23967], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3600 [ref. 26293], Hoese & Larson 2006:1692 [ref. 29097], Suzuki et al. 2016:2 [ref. 34434]). Current status: Valid as Valenciennea alleni Hoese & Larson 1994. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

alloides, Coryphopterus Böhlke [J. E.] & Robins [C. R.] 1960:115, Pl. 2A; Fig. 3B [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 112; ref. 11897] North of Green Cay, Bahamas, 25°07'07"N, 77°11'38"W. Holotype: ANSP 93048. Paratypes: ANSP 93049-55 (1, 1, 1, 4, 3, 2, 6), 93082 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Coryphopterus alloides Böhlke & Robins 1960 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:243 [ref. 23100], Randall 1995:796 [ref. 22357], Thacker & Cole 2002:837 [ref. 26548], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1793 [ref. 27111], Smith et al. 2003:59 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:170 [ref. 27807], Baldwin et al. 2009:127 [ref. 30559], Van Tassell 2011:140 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:175 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:76 [ref. 33341], Baldwin & Robertson 2015:137 [ref. 33884]). Current status: Valid as Coryphopterus alloides Böhlke & Robins 1960. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

alphigena, Lythrypnus Bussing [W. A.] 1990:101, Fig. 2 [Revista de Biología Tropical v. 38 (no. 1); ref. 19516] 2.5 kilometers off Chatham Bay, Cocos Island, off Costa Rica, depth 91 meters. Holotype (unique): LACM 44827-1 [ex UCR 2106]. •Valid as Lythrypnus alphigena Bussing 1990 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:267 [ref. 22193], Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1135 [ref. 22829], Van Tassell 2011:141 [ref. 31732]). Current status: Valid as Lythrypnus alphigena Bussing 1990. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Cocos Island, eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

altum, Sicydium Meek [S. E.] 1907:149 [Field Columbian Museum, Zoological Series v. 7 (no. 5); ref. 15159] Turrialba, Costa Rica. Holotype: FMNH 6034. Paratypes: FMNH 6101 (2). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:79 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Sicydium altum Meek 1907 -- (Bussing 1987:236 [ref. 22927], Bussing 1996:823 [ref. 22890], Bussing 1998:402 [ref. 24179], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1795 [ref. 27111], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:662 [ref. 27061], Van Tassell 2011:145 [ref. 31732], de Lucena et al.2013:143 [ref. 32517], Angulo et al. 2013:1009 [ref. 33194]). Current status: Valid as Sicydium altum Meek 1907. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Costa Rica. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ama, Inu Snyder [J. O.] 1909:608 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 36 (no. 1688); ref. 4151] Tidepool at Misaki, Sagami, Japan. Holotype (unique): USNM 62956. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:128 [ref. 2676]. Types: Shinohara & Williams 2006:563 [ref. 31656]. •Valid as Luciogobius ama (Snyder 1909) -- (Nakabo 2000:1162 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1162 [ref. 26193], Chen et al. 2008:253 [ref. 30075], Kanagawa et al. 2011:67 [ref. 31329]). Current status: Valid as Luciogobius ama (Snyder 1909). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

amabalis, Oxyurichthys Seale [A.] 1914:76, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [The Philippine Journal of Science, Section D v. 9 (no. 1); ref. 14174] Market in Hong Kong. Holotype: BSMP 6432 (destroyed, seen by Koumans). Paratypes: BSPM 6411 (1), 6438 (1) 6453 (1) last 2 seen by Koumans, presumed destroyed. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:190 [ref. 2676]. •Valid as Oxyurichthys amabalis Seale 1914 -- (Zhu 1995:181 [ref. 25213]). •Synonym of Oxyurichthys auchenolepis Bleeker 1876 -- (Pezold & Larson 2015:5,18 [ref. 33894] but misspelled as amabilis). Current status: Synonym of Oxyurichthys auchenolepis Bleeker 1876. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Hong Kong. Habitat: marine.

amadi, Gobius Weber [M.] 1913:211 [Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde 1913; ref. 4601] Lake Posso [Poso], Sulawesi, Indonesia. Lectotype: ZMA 121293. Paralectotypes: RMNH 14365 (1), ZMA 112664 (8). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:98 [ref. 19236]. Lectotype selected by Larson 2001:97 [ref. 25522]. •Valid as Weberogobius amadi (Weber 1913) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:154 [ref. 23448]). •Valid as Mugilogobius amadi (Weber 1913) -- (Larson 2001:94 [ref. 25522], Kottelat 2013:413 [ref. 32989], Larson et al. 2014:724 [ref. 33557], Miesen et al. 2016:93 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Mugilogobius amadi (Weber 1913). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Lake Poso, Sulawesi Tengah, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

ambanoro, Cryptocentrus Fourmanoir [P.] 1957:245, Fig. 159 [Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar. Série F. Océanographie v. 1; ref. 11992] Ambanoro Bay, Nosy Be [Nossi-Bé], Mozambique Channel, Madagascar, depth 6-10 meters. Holotype (unique): IRSMNB (lost). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:53 [ref. 19958] as no types at MNHN. •Valid as Vanderhorstia ambanoro (Fourmanoir 1957) -- (Randall et al. 1990:412 [ref. 15987], Randall & Goren 1993:24 [ref. 21131], Kuiter 1997:350 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:412 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:241 [ref. 23965], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:640 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1234 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:416 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:122 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3600 [ref. 26293], Satapoomin & Winterbottom 2002:62 [ref. 26168], Nakabo 2002:1234 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:61 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:643 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:28 [ref. 27624], Shibukawa & Suzuki 2004:116 [ref. 28014], Randall 2005:559 [ref. 28239], Greenfield & Longenecker 2005:622 [ref. 28487], Hoese & Larson 2006:1695 [ref. 29097], Shao et al. 2008:262 [ref. 29952], Shibukawa 2009:289 [ref. 30449], Freinschlag & Patzner 2012:42 [ref. 31789], Allen & Erdmann 2012:887 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:270 [ref. 32706], Suzuki & Chen 2014:207 [ref. 33152], Fricke et al. 2014:177 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Vanderhorstia ambanoro (Fourmanoir 1957). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Marshall Islands and Samoa, north to Yaeyama Islands, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

amblyrhynchus, Psilotris Smith [D. G.] & Baldwin [C. C.] 1999:434, Figs. 1, 2, 3A-B [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 112 (no. 2); ref. 24419] Between Carrie Bow Cay and Twin Cays, lagoos "shot hole", Belize, depth 15-20 feet. Holotype: USNM 321019. Other specimens: USNM (several), not treated as paratypes. Psilotris is feminine, so species should be amblyrhyncha if an adjective. •Valid as Psilotris amblyrhynchus Smith & Baldwin 1999 -- (Murdy & Hoese 2003:1794 [ref. 27111], Smith et al. 2003:64 [ref. 27621], Van Tassell 2011:155 [ref. 31732], Lobel & Lobel 2011:50 [ref. 31774]). •Valid as Carrigobius amblyrhynchus (Smith & Baldwin 1999) -- (Tornabene et al. 2016:13 [ref. 34435]). Current status: Valid as Carrigobius amblyrhynchus (Smith & Baldwin 1999). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Belize. Habitat: marine.

amblyrhynchus, Stigmatogobius Bleeker [P.] 1878:207 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 12; ref. 17117] Jakarta and Tjisakat, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: (6) apparently lost. •Valid as Redigobius amblyrhynchus (Bleeker 1878) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:151 [ref. 23448], Larson 2005:348 [ref. 28521] as Redigobius sp.?). •Nomen dubium in Redigobius Herre 1927 -- (Larson 2010:185 [ref. 30783]). •Species inquindae in Redigobius Herre 1927 -- (Kottelat 2013:422 [ref. 32898]). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

amblystoma, Stigmatogobius Zander [C. D.] 1972:109, Figs. 1-3 [Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut v. 69; ref. 7660] Vakvella, southwestern Sri Lanka. Holotype: ZMH H4635. Paratypes: ZMH H4636 (2). Type catalog: Wilkens 1977:160 [ref. 22013]. •As Redigobius sp. -- (Larson 2005:348 [ref. 28521]). •Synonym of Redigobius bikolanus (Herre 1927) -- (Larson 2010:134 [ref. 30783], Kottelat 2013:423 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2013:423 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Redigobius bikolanus (Herre 1927). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae.

amiciensis, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:135 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Tongatabou [Tongatapu], Tonga, and New Ireland, Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea. Lectotype: MNHN B-2986. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-2966 (9), A-1347 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:25-26 [ref. 19958]. Lectotype established by Maugé 1986:379 [ref. 6218]. •Synonym of Paragobiodon echinocephalus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Maugé 1986:379 [ref. 6218]). Current status: Synonym of Paragobiodon echinocephalus (Rüppell 1830). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

amicuscaridis, Didogobius Schliewen [U. K.] & Kovačić [M.] 2008:249, Figs. 1a,c, 2, 3a [Spixiana (München) v. 31 (no. 2); ref. 29882] Diogo Vaz, 00°19'N, 06°29'E, São Tomé Island, eastern Atlantic, depth 24 meters. Holotype: ZSM 34186. Paratypes: UFES 133 (1). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:259 [ref. 31652]. •Valid as Didogobius amicuscaridis Schliewen & Kovačić 2008 -- (Schliewen 2011:216 [ref. 31738], van Tassell & Kramer 2014:460 [ref. 33301], Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2840 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Didogobius amicuscaridis Schliewen & Kovačić 2008. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: São Tomé Island, Gulf of Guinea. Habitat: marine.

amikami, Callogobius Goren [M.], Miroz [A.] & Baranes [A.] 1991:300, Figs. 1-2 [Cybium v. 15 (no. 4); ref. 19765] Eilat, Israel, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, depth 6 meters. Holotype (unique): TAU P-10321 [= SMNHTAU]. •Valid as Callogobius amikami Goren, Miroz & Baranes 1991 -- (Goren & Dor 1994:63 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:329 [ref. 22896], Chen & Shao 2000:458 [ref. 24420], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Chen et al. 2006:230 [ref. 28778], Delventhal & Mooi 2013:156 [ref. 32677], Delventhal & Mooi 2014:147 [ref. 33337], Delventhal et al. 2016:232 [ref. 34863] with Oman specimen uncertain). Current status: Valid as Callogobius amikami Goren, Miroz & Baranes 1991. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea and northwestern Indian Ocean: Oman. Habitat: marine.

amplus, Bryaninops Larson [H. K.] 1985:66, Figs. 5-6 [The Beagle (Occasional Papers of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences) v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 5186] Lagoon off east tip of Palfrey Island, Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Australia, depth 4-10 meters. Holotype: AMS I.22916-001. Paratypes: AMS (66, 13 lots); ANSP (21, 2 lots); BMNH 1984.10.18.1-2 (2); BPBM 27979 (1), 29312 (4), 29317 (9); CAS 50732 (2), 53211 (1); LICPP (6, 2 lots); MNHN 1984-0702 (1); NMV A3248 (2), NTM (22, 7 lots); QM I.20389-90 (7, 1); ROM (2); SAMA F4737 (2); SMF 19956 (1); USNM 261381 (2), 263765-66 (2, 1); WAM P.25109-002 (3) P.29039-001 (4); YCM. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:20 [ref. 19958], Hutchins & Smith 1991:39 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:43 [ref. 30117] •Valid as Bryaninops amplus Larson 1985 -- (Randall et al. 1990:395 [ref. 15987] as ampulus, Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:xiii [ref. 21953], Larson & Williams 1997:368 [ref. 23967], Kuiter 1997:358 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:395 [ref. 25919], Anderson et al. 1998:27 [ref. 23611], Randall & Kunzmann 1998:481 [ref. 23919], Myers 1999:246 [ref. 23965], Krupp et al. 2000:331 [ref. 25117], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1216 [ref. 25182], Randall & Earle 2000:19 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:119 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3595 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1216 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:57 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:643 [ref. 27495], Greenfield & Randall 2004:511 [ref. 28175], Mundy 2005:473 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Larson 2006:1629 [ref. 29097], Randall 2007:396 [ref. 30952], Larson et al. 2008:147 [ref. 29532], Allen & Erdmann 2012:894 [ref. 31980], Suzuki & Randall 2014:16 [ref. 33142], Larson et al. 2013:192 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Bryaninops amplus Larson 1985. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles east to Hawaiian Islands, north to southern Japan and Ogawara Islands, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

ampluvinculus, Schismatogobius Chen [I-S.], Shao [K.-T.] & Fang [L.-S.] 1995:202, Figs. 1-3 [Zoological Studies v. 34 (no. 3); ref. 21863] Jinglun River, Taitung County, Taiwan. Holotype: ASIZP 056923. Paratypes: (9) ASIZP 056988 (1), 057277-78 (5, 3). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:58 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Schismatogobius ampluvinculus Chen, Shao & Fang 1995 -- (Nakabo 2000:1211 [ref. 25182], Chen et al. 2001:141 [ref. 25462], Sakai et al. 2001:116 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:1211 [ref. 26193], Yonezawa & Shinomiya 2002:2 [ref. 26563], Keith et al. 2004:237 [ref. 27963], Yonezawa et al. 2010:256 [ref. 30902], Ho & Shao 2011:58 [ref. 31432], Ho & Shao 2011:58 [ref. 31432], Kottelat 2013:427 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:207 [ref. 34477], Keith et al. 2017:65 [ref. 35180], Keith et al. 2017:209 [ref. 35442], Maeda et al. 2017:14 [ref. 35500]). Current status: Valid as Schismatogobius ampluvinculus Chen, Shao & Fang 1995. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Ryukyu Archipelago (Japan), southeastern Taiwan and Mindoro Island and Panay (Philippines). Habitat: freshwater.

anaima, Trimma Winterbottom [R.] 2000:58, Fig + Fig. 1 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 25765] Off Al Almal hotel just east of Matsumudu, 12°09'30"S, 44°24'00"E, Anjouan Island, Comoro Islands, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 6-18 meters. Holotype: R0M 59805. Paratypes: CAS 33279 (2); ROM 59800-04 (2, 2, 1, 7, 2), 59806-08 (1, 1, 1), 60624 (5); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 31053 (1), 43676-77 (2, 3), 43679 (2), 43979 (?), 43982 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Trimma anaima Winterbottom 2000 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:60 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:28 [ref. 27624], Winterbottom 2004:16 [ref. 28043], Hoese & Larson 2006:1688 [ref. 29097], Hagiwara & Winterbottom 2007:164 [ref. 29103], Winterbottom & Zur 2007:17 [ref. 29376], Motomura et al. 2010:220 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:934 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:270 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:173 [ref. 33932], Winterbottom & Hoese 2015:8 [ref. 33709], Suzuki et al. 2015:67 [ref. 33746], Winterbottom 2017:563 [ref. 35329]). Current status: Valid as Trimma anaima Winterbottom 2000. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Comores and Maldives, east to Philippines and Fiji, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

anatoliae, Pomatoschistus Engin [S.] & Innal [D.] 2017:2, Fig. 1-2 [Zoology in the Middle East; ref. 35516] Göksu River estuary, Anatolia, Turkey. Holotype: IKC.PIC.1027. Paratypes: IKC. •Valid as Pomatoschistus anatoliae Engin & Innal 2017. Current status: Valid as Pomatoschistus anatoliae Engin & Innal 2017. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Göksu River estuary, Anatolia, Turkey. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

anchialinae, Cabillus Klausewitz [W.] 1975:204, Figs. 2-4 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 56 (nos 4/6); ref. 7936] Sinai coast, near Ras Muhammad, Egypt, Red Sea. Holotype: SMF 13229. Paratypes: SMF 13230-32 (3). •Valid as Monishia anchialinae (Klausewitz 1975) -- (Goren 1979:46 [ref. 1852], Dor 1984:248 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Monishia ochetica (Norman 1927) -- (Goren 1985:5 [ref. 5179], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1056 [ref. 13677]). •Synonym of Coryogalops ocheticus (Norman 1927). Current status: Synonym of Coryogalops ocheticus (Norman 1927). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

ancora, Eviota Greenfield [D. W.] & Suzuki [T.] 2011:63, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 2812; ref. 31244] Iriomote-jima Islands, Uehara Beach, 24°25'03.27"N, 123°48'07.36"E, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: OMNH-P21096. Paratypes: Photographed specimen (Fig. 2) not saved, plus at least one more specimen. Name ancora is an adjective. •Valid as Eviota ancora Greenfield & Suzuki 2011 -- (Greenfield & Suzuki 2012:55 [ref. 31797], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:62 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota ancora Greenfield & Suzuki 2011. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Ryukyu Islands (Japan), Raja Ampat Islands, Sulawesi and photograph from Philippines. Habitat: marine.

andamanensis, Callogobius Menon [A. G. K.] & Chatterjee [T. K.] 1974:126, Fig. 1 [Current Science v. 43 (no. 4); ref. 7518] Curlow Island, Middle Andaman Island, Andaman Sea. Holotype: ZSI F7105/2. Paratypes: ZSI F7106/2 (10). See Das 2003:372 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Callogobius andamanensis Menon & Chatterjee 1974 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:963 [ref. 31980], Delventhal & Mooi 2013:156 [ref. 32677]). Current status: Valid as Callogobius andamanensis Menon & Chatterjee 1974. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Andaman Islands and western Thailand. Habitat: marine.

andamanensis, Euctenogobius Day [F.] 1871:693 [17] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1870 (pt 3); ref. 1078] Andaman Islands. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1870.5.18.85 (2). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762]. On p. 17 of separate. •Synonym of Oxyurichthys ophthalmonema (Bleeker 1856) -- (Kottelat 2013:415 [ref. 32989], Pezold & Larson 2015:5, 51 [ref. 33894]). Current status: Synonym of Oxyurichthys ophthalmonema (Bleeker 1856). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

andamanensis, Gobius Day [F.] 1871:691 [15] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1870 (pt 3); ref. 1078] Brackish water, Andaman Islands. Syntypes: AMS B.8030 (1), BMNH 1970.6.14.10 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:294 [ref. 25110]. On p. 15 of separate. •Synonym of Exyrias puntang (Bleeker 1851) -- (Murdy 1985:10 [ref. 19200], Kottelat 2013:407 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Exyrias puntang (Bleeker 1851). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Andaman Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

andamanensis, Oxyurichthys tentacularis Mehta [R.] in Mehta, Mehta & Devi 1990:668, Fig. 1f [Environmental Ecology (Kalyani) v. 8 (no. 2); ref. 20215] Andaman Islands. No types known. •Synonym of Oxyurichthys tentacularis (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:416 [ref. 32989], Pezold & Larson 2015:5, 77 [ref. 33894]). Current status: Synonym of Oxyurichthys tentacularis (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

andamanicus, Raogobius Mukerji [D. D.] 1935:264, Pl. 6 (figs. 1-2); Fig. 1 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 37 (pt 3); ref. 3054] Andaman Islands. Holotype (unique): ZSI F 12980/1 [orig. F 11788/1]. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:153 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:374 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Lentipes andamanicus (Mukerji 1935) -- (Watson & Allen 1999:117 [ref. 24140], Kottelat 2013:412 [ref. 32989], Keith et al. 2014:133 [ref. 33420], Keith et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Lentipes andamanicus (Mukerji 1935). Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean: Andaman Islands [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

andhraensis, Ctenogobius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1944:47 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 57; ref. 2137] Vizagapatam, India on beach. Holotype: CAS-SU 39850. Paratypes: (46) CAS-SU 39851 (orig. 28, now 25), USNM 123654 [ex SU 39851] (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:110 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Acentrogobius andhraensis (Herre 1944). Current status: Valid as Acentrogobius andhraensis (Herre 1944). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: India. Habitat: marine.

andrei, Gobius Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:44 [5] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3887] Río Guayas, Ecuador. Syntypes: MNHN A-1346 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:26 [ref. 19958]. On p. 5 of separate. Misspelled andraei in 1998 edition of the Catalog of Fishes. •Valid as Bathygobius andrei (Sauvage 1880) -- (Miller & Smith 1989:315 [ref. 25535], Allen & Robertson 1994:258 [ref. 22193], Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1134 [ref. 22829], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:152 [ref. 24555], Thomson et al. 2000:250 [ref. 25640], Miller & Stefanni 2001:147 [ref. 26034], Van Tassell 2011:140 [ref. 31732], Angulo et al. 2013:1007 [ref. 33194], Rodríguez-Rey et al. 2017:11 [ref. 35433]). Current status: Valid as Bathygobius andrei (Sauvage 1880). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Guatemala to Peru. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

androsensis, Lophogobius Breder [C. M., Jr.] 1932:5, Fig. 3 [American Museum Novitates No. 551; ref. 16362] Lake Forsyth, Andros Island, Bahamas. Holotype: AMNH 10109. Paratypes: (3) not found at AMNH. •Synonym of Lophogobius cyprinoides (Pallas 1770) -- (Dawson 1972:xx [ref. 35161]). •Valid as Lophogobius androsensis Breder 1932 -- (Thacker & Cole 2002:838 [ref. 26548]). Current status: Synonym of Lophogobius cyprinoides (Pallas 1770). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Bahamas [if valid]. Habitat: brackish.

angolensis, Gobius (Gobius) Norman [J. R.] 1935:16, Figs. 5-6 [Discovery Reports v. 12; ref. 13911] Off St. Paul de Loanda, Angola. Syntypes: (36) BMNH 1935.5.11.136-155 (20), IRSNB 46 (1). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:45 [ref. 20755]. •Valid as Thorogobius angolensis (Norman 1935) -- (Miller 1990:946 [ref. 19376], Sauberer & Ahnelt 2008:278 [ref. 29915], Schliewen 2011:220 [ref. 31738], Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2841 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Thorogobius angolensis (Norman 1935). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Angola. Habitat: marine.

anguillaris, Gobius Linnaeus [C.] 1758:264 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] China. Holotype (unique): ZMUU Linn. Coll. 185. Type catalog: Lönnberg 1896:41 [ref. 23530], Wheeler 1991:186-187, Fig. 24 [ref. 20102]. •Valid as Taenioides anguillaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Wu & Ni in Kuang et al. 1986:310 [ref. 26639], Allen 1991:202 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:984 [ref. 20764], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:447 [ref. 23876], Allen et al. 1992:303 [ref. 21400], Kottelat et al. 1993:156 [ref. 23448], Rema Devi 1993:185 [ref. 24020], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:6 [ref. 25122], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:191 [ref. 27510], Proudlove 2006:269 [ref. 28992], Murdy 2011:113 [ref. 31729], Kottelat 2013:434 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Taenioides anguillaris (Linnaeus 1758). Gobiidae: Amblyopinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

anguillaris, Gobius Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:x, 23 [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. No types known. Not an independent species description, but a misidentification of Gobius anguillaris Linnaeus 1758; objectively invalid (see Fricke 2008:53 [ref. 30182]). •Synonym of Amblycentrus arabicus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Goren 1979:23 [ref. 1852]). •Synonym of Cryptocentroides arabicus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Fricke 2008:53 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Synonym of Cryptocentroides arabicus (Gmelin 1789). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

anguilliformis, Gobioides Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:576, 577 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 2; ref. 2709] China. No types known. Unnecessary replacement name for Gobius anguillaris Linnaeus 1758. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:254, 256 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Taenioides anguillaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 2013:434 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Taenioides anguillaris (Linnaeus 1758). Gobiidae: Amblyopinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

angustiformis, Periophthalmus dipus Eggert [B.] 1935:89, Fig. 14 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 67; ref. 13880] Flores, Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: ZMA 113218 (72 mm SL female). Paralectotypes: ZMA 113218 (1) (78 mm male). Lectotype selected by Eschmeyer 1998:104 [ref. 23416] in accordance with Murdy's (1989:35 [ref. 13628]) decision to recognize P. d. angustiformis as a synonym of P. argentilineatus. Comments on types for Periophthalmus dipus, subspecies angustiformis Eggert 1935: Konstantinidis et al. 2016:[4] [ref. 34503]. •Synonym of Periophthalmus argentilineatus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Murdy 1989:32 [ref. 13628]). •Synonym of Periophthalmus kalolo Lesson 1931 -- (Kottelat 2013:419 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Periophthalmus kalolo Lesson 1831. Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

angustifrons, Batanga Blanc [M.], Cadenat [J.] & Stauch [A.] 1968:246, Figs. 2-3 [Bulletin de l'Institut Fondamental d'Afrique Noire (Serie A) Sciences Naturelles v. 30 (no. 1); ref. 7871] Annobón Island, Equatorial Guinea, Gulf of Guinea. Holotype: MNHN 1967-0445. Paratypes: MNHN 1965-0613 (1 c&s). •Synonym of Wheelerigobius maltzani (Steindachner 1881) -- (Maugé 1986:386 [ref. 6218], Miller 1990:949 [ref. 19376]). Current status: Synonym of Wheelerigobius maltzani (Steindachner 1881). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

angustifrons, Gobiopsis Lachner [E. A.] & McKinney [J. F.] 1978:31, Pls. 6c, d, 11c, e [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 262; ref. 6603] Endeavour Reef, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: USNM 213492. Paratypes: AMNH 32966 (1); AMS I.18469-152 (1), I.18805-001 (3); USNM 99282-83 (1, 1), 211146 (1), 211148 (1), 213791 (3, 1 c&s). •Valid as Gobiopsis angustifrons Lachner & McKinney 1978 -- (Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3598 [ref. 26293], Allen & Adrim 2003:59 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Larson 2006:1658 [ref. 29097], Shibukawa 2010:97 [ref. 30809], Allen & Erdmann 2012:976 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:167 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Gobiopsis angustifrons Lachner & McKinney 1978. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia, Solomon Islands and northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

anjerensis, Gobius Bleeker [P.] 1851:251, Pl. 1 (fig. 11) [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 16890] Boenakeng Island, off Ujung Padang, Sulawesi, Indonesia [Makassar Strait, western Pacific], depth 0.5 meters. Neotype: BPBM 26651. Neotype designated by Randall & Greenfield 2001:3 [ref. 25675]. •Valid as Gnatholepis anjerensis (Bleeker 1851) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:251 [ref. 6441], Randall & Goren 1993:13 [ref. 21131], Goren & Dor 1994:64 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:336 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:214 [ref. 23922], Myers 1999:255 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:512 [ref. 24106], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:637 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1212 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3601 [ref. 26293], Randall & Greenfield 2001:3 [ref. 25675], Nakabo 2002:1212 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:58 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:642 [ref. 27495] dated 1850, Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:184 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:27 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3329 [ref. 27945], Greenfield & Randall 2004:524 [ref. 28175], Randall 2005:536 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:475 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Larson 2006:1654 [ref. 29097], Randall & Greenfield 2007:304 [ref. 29292], Randall 2007:405 [ref. 30952], Larson et al. 2008:141 [ref. 29532], Fricke et al. 2009:101 [ref. 30213], Shibukawa 2009:276 [ref. 30449], Suzuki & Randall 2009:6 [ref. 30324], Hoese & Larson 2010:374 [ref. 31045], Motomura et al. 2010:213 [ref. 31256], Larson & Buckle 2012:15 [ref. 32272], Allen & Erdmann 2012:974 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:270 [ref. 32706], Kottelat 2013:409 [ref. 32989], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988], Miesen et al. 2016:93 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Gnatholepis anjerensis (Bleeker 1851). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Mozambique Channel, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, Marquesas Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan, south to Rowley Shoals (Western Australia), New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island and Rapa. Habitat: brackish, marine.

ankaranensis, Glossogobius Banister [K. E.] 1994:25, Pls. 1-4; Figs. 1-2 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 22507] Subterranean river, Ankarana reserve, about 12°50"S, 49°10'E, northern Madagascar. Holotype: BMNH 1994.12.1.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1994.12.1.2 (1). •Valid as Glossogobius ankaranensis Banister 1994 -- (Romero & Paulson 2001:35 [ref. 26040], Proudlove 2006:199 [ref. 28992], Hoese & Allen 2009:2 [ref. 29998], Rasoloariniaina et al. 2016:2 [ref. 34460], Hoese et al. 2017:192 [ref. 35452]). Current status: Valid as Glossogobius ankaranensis Banister 1994. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Madagascar. Habitat: freshwater.

annandalei, Pleurosicya Hornell [J.] & Fowler [H. W.] 1922:924 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 28 (pt 4); ref. 15349] Tuticorin, India. Holotype (unique): ANSP 51094. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Pleurosicya annandalei Hornell & Fowler 1922 -- (Larson & Hoese 1980:36 [ref. 2725], Hoese 1986:800 [ref. 5670], Larson 1990:9 [ref. 16607], Kuiter 1997:354 [ref. 25488], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3599 [ref. 26293], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S119 [ref. 27377], Greenfield & Randall 2004:536 [ref. 28175], Hoese & Larson 2006:1675 [ref. 29097], Allen & Erdmann 2012:904 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pleurosicya annandalei Hornell & Fowler 1922. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to India, east to Indonesia, Australia to Philippines. Habitat: marine.

annella, Bryaninops Suzuki [T.] & Randall [J. E.] 2014:13, Figs. 1-4 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 20 (no. 1); ref. 33142] Bali, northwest coast at Tulamben, 1°28.8'S, 99°09.7"E, Indonesia, depth 9 meters Holotype: BPBM 41022. Paratypes: AMS I.24075-002 (7), BPBM 41146 (1, c&s), 42244 (7), NSMT-P 114575 (1), USNM 410095 (2). •Valid as Bryaninops annella Suzuki & Randall 2014. Current status: Valid as Bryaninops annella Suzuki & Randall 2014. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Bali, Kakabia (between Sulawesi and Flores) and Australia. Habitat: marine.

annieae, Stiphodon Keith [P.] & [R. K.] Hadiaty 2015:268, Figs. 1-2 [Cybium v. 38 (no. 4) (for 2014); ref. 33653] South Wosea, DS. Sawai, Weda Tengah, Halmahera, Maluku, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 18930. Paratypes: MNHN. •Valid as Stiphodon annieae Keith & Hadiaty 2015 -- (Keith et al. 2015:178 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Stiphodon annieae Keith & Hadiaty 2015. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Halmahera, Indonesia [assumed to be amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

annosum, Trimma Winterbottom [R.] 2003:2, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa No. 218; ref. 26886] Cagilai Island off Ovalau Island, Viti Levu, Bau Waters, Fiji. Holotype: ROM 73126 [ex ROM 40061]. Paratypes: NSMT-P55897 (1); ROM 990CS (12), 40061 (5), 45968 (13), 45976 (13), 46041 (9), 49225 (2), 53149 (4), 53151 (14), 73182-85 (1, 5, 3, 1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 35452 (8); USNM 298774 (12). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Trimma annosum Winterbottom 2003 -- (Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:191 [ref. 27510], Hagiwara & Winterbottom 2007:164 [ref. 29103], Winterbottom & Southcott 2007:73 [ref. 29375], Dimara et al. 2010:621 [ref. 31108], Motomura et al. 2010:220 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:935 [ref. 31980], Winterbottom et al. 2014:378 [ref. 33402], Fricke et al. 2014:173 [ref. 33932], Winterbottom & Hoese 2015:11 [ref. 33709], Suzuki et al. 2015:67 [ref. 33746], Hoese et al. 2015:539 [ref. 33990]). Current status: Valid as Trimma annosum Winterbottom 2003. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Maldives and India, east to western Caroline Islands and Fiji, north to Taiwan, south to New Guinea and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

annularis, Chaenogobius Gill [T. N.] 1859:12 [1] [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 7 (nos 1-3, art. 3); ref. 1751] Hakodate, Hokkaido, Japan. Holotype (unique): USNM 6336. Rear Dec. 1858, apparently publsihed in 1859; date on jacket is 1863. On p. 1 of separate. •Synonym of Chaenogobius urotaena (Hilgendorf 1879) -- (Kim 1997:581 [ref. 24032] as urotaenius, Youn 2002:659 [ref. 26218] as urotaenia). •Valid as Chaenogobius annularis Gill 1859 -- (Okada 1961:676 [ref. 6363], Zhu 1995:179 [ref. 25213], Cheng & Zhou 1997:374 [ref. 26385], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:753 [ref. 24702], Vasil'eva 1998:132 [ref. 23591], Stevenson 2000:835 [ref. 24583], Nakabo 2000:1197 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1197 [ref. 26193], Stevenson 2002:259 [ref. 26489], Hagiwara 2003:38 [ref. 27188], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:220 [ref. 28183], Motomura et al. 2010:208 [ref. 31256], Matsui et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33344]). Current status: Valid as Chaenogobius annularis Gill 1859. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and Korea. Habitat: freshwater.

annulatus, Gobius De Vis [C. W.] 1884:688 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 17383] Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: QM I.87 (1), I.2780 (6). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:175 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Amblygobius phalaena (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Hoese & Larson 2006:1622 [ref. 29097]). Current status: Synonym of Amblygobius phalaena (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

anomolus, Coryogalops Smith [J. L. B.] 1958:144, Fig. 5 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 11; ref. 4118] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 251. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 873-874 (1, 1). •Valid as Coryogalops anomolus Smith 1958 -- (Goren 1979:95 [ref. 6952], Dor 1984:241 [ref. 29757], Goren 1991:2 [ref. 19343], Randall et al. 1994:243 [ref. 21645], Randall 1995:331 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:213 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Heemstra et al. 2004:3328 [ref. 27945], Kovačić et al. 2014:518 [ref. 33562], Kovačić et al. 2016:343 [ref. 34349]). Current status: Valid as Coryogalops anomolus Smith 1958. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa to Persian Gulf. Habitat: marine.

anotus, Trypauchenophrys Franz [V.] 1910:68, Pl. 9 (fig. 77) [Abhandlungen der math.-phys. Klasse der K. Bayer Akademie der Wissenschaften v. 4 (Suppl.) (no. 1); ref. 1481] Fukuura, Japan. Syntypes: SMF 7432 (1), ZSM [old collection] (orig. 2) destroyed by WWII. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:275-276 [ref. 28925]. •Valid as Brachyamblyopus anotus (Franz 1910) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:287 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:644 [ref. 25598], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1157 [ref. 25182], Sakai et al. 2001:110 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:1157 [ref. 26193]). •Synonym of Caragobius urolepis (Bleeker 1852) -- (Murdy & Shibukawa 2003:5 [ref. 27145], Kottelat 2013:433 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Caragobius urolepis (Bleeker 1852). Gobiidae: Amblyopinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

ansorgii, Gobioides Boulenger [G. A.] 1909:431 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 4 (no. 23); ref. 14366] Port Mansoa, Guinea-Bissau. Syntypes: (5) BMNH 1909.10.29.110-112 (3). •Valid as Gobioides ansorgii Boulenger 1909 -- (Maugé 1986:371 [ref. 6218], Miller 1990:932 [ref. 19376], Harrison & Miller in Lévêque et al. 1992:803 [ref. 21590]). •Synonym of Gobioides sagitta (Günther 1862) -- (Murdy 1998:127 [ref. 23380], Harrison et al. 2007:501 [ref. 30083]). Current status: Synonym of Gobioides sagitta (Günther 1862). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ansorgii, Nematogobius Boulenger [G. A.] 1910:560 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 6 (no. 36); ref. 577] Bengo River at Cabiri, Angola. Syntypes: BMNH 1911.6.1.168-169 (2), NMW 31208 (1). •Valid as Nematogobius ansorgii Boulenger 1910 -- (Maugé 1986:376 [ref. 6218], Lévêque et al. 1989:123 [ref. 26480], Miller 1990:942 [ref. 19376]). •Synonym of Nematogobius maindroni (Sauvage 1880) -- (Harrison 1990:32 [ref. 16206], Harrison & Miller in Lévêque et al. 1992:817 [ref. 21590]). Current status: Synonym of Nematogobius maindroni (Sauvage 1880). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Angola. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

antennatus, Barbulifer Böhlke [J. E.] & Robins [C. R.] 1968:126, Fig. 18 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 120; ref. 609] Exuma Cay, Great Bahma Bank, Bahamas, depth to about 6 feet. Holotype: ANSP 110642. Paratypes: ANSP (68 + 2 c&s, 11 lots); LACM (13, 4 lots); MCZ 45889 (2); UF 9047 (1), 9216 (1), 10320 (1); UF [ex UMML] (23, 4 lots); UMMZ 187467 (2); USNM 198719 (1), 202375 (3). Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:110 [ref. 21035], Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Barbulifer antennatus Böhlke & Robins 1968 -- (Murdy & Hoese 2003:1792 [ref. 27111], Nelson et al. 2004:169 [ref. 27807], Joyeux et al. 2009:65 [ref. 30108], Van Tassell 2011:151 [ref. 31732]., Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:75 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Barbulifer antennatus Böhlke & Robins 1968. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

anthioides, Quisquilius Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:210, Pl. 10 (fig. F) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 13; ref. 4122] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean, depth 8 fathoms. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 181. •Valid as Priolepis anthioides (Smith 1959) -- (Winterbottom & Burridge 1992:1935 [ref. 20878], Nogawa & Endo 2007:159 [ref. 29104]). Current status: Valid as Priolepis anthioides (Smith 1959). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

anthrenum, Trimma Winterbottom [R.] 2006:56, Figs. 1-3, 4A [Zootaxa No. 1331; ref. 28810] Vava'u, southwestern side off Mo'ungalafa mountain at latitude of Tu'ungasika islet, 18°39'30"S, 174°00'90"W, Tonga, depth 37-40 meters. Holotype: ROM 60677. Paratypes: 11 lots at BPBM, ROM; USNM 341467 (9), 341468 (13). •Valid as Trimma anthrenum Winterbottom 2006 -- (Hagiwara & Winterbottom 2007:164 [ref. 29103], Winterbottom & Hoese 2015:41, 74 [ref. 33709], Winterbottom et al. 2015:215 [ref. 33849]). Current status: Valid as Trimma anthrenum Winterbottom 2006. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Fiji and Tonga Islands. Habitat: marine.

antillarum, Sicydium Ogilvie-Grant [W. R.] 1884:157, Pl. 12 (fig. 3) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1884 (pt 2) (art. 1) (for 4 Mar. 1884); ref. 18151] Western Atlantic: Barbados, Panama. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1850.7.27.6. •Valid as Sicydium antillarum Ogilvie-Grant 1884 -- (Bussing 1996:823 [ref. 22890], Garzon-Ferreira & Wedler 1997:6 [ref. 25270], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1795 [ref. 27111]). •Synonym of Sicydium plumieri (Bloch 1786) -- (Watson 2000:14 [ref. 24994], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:662 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Sicydium plumieri (Bloch 1786). Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

antilliensis, Bathygobius Tornabene [L.], Baldwin [C.] & Pezold [F. L.] in Tornabene et al. 2010:146, Figs. 2-3 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 30990] Playa Magui, Hatillo, Puerto Rico, 18°29'26"N, 66°48'57"W. Holotype: AMNH 251650. Paratypes: AMNH, ANSP, USNM. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Bathygobius antilliensis Tornabene, Baldwin & Pezold 2010 -- (Van Tassell 2011:140 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:175 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:180 [ref. 32953], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:75 [ref. 33341], Rodríguez-Rey et al. 2017:11 [ref. 35433]). Current status: Valid as Bathygobius antilliensis Tornabene, Baldwin & Pezold 2010. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

aoyagii, Gobiodon Shibukawa [K.], Suzuki [T.] & Aizawa [M.] 2013:147, Fig. 3A, 2a-I, 3 [Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science (Ser. A) v. 39 (no. 3); ref. 32951] Barasu, Iwomote-jima Island, Yaeyama Group, Ryukyu Islands. Holotype: NSMT-P 111422. Paratypes: AMS, NSMT-P, OMNH-P, YCM-P. Plus non-type specimen. •Valid as Gobiodon aoyagii Shibukawai, Suzuki & Aizawa 2013. Current status: Valid as Gobiodon aoyagii Shibukawa, Suzuki & Aizawa 2013. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Japan, Philippines, Australia, Papua New Guinea and East Indies. Habitat: marine.

aphia, Argentina Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:58 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:35 [ref. 3595]. •Questionably a synonym of Aphia minuta (Risso 1810) -- (Miller 1973:489 [ref. 6888]). •Synonym of Aphia minuta (Risso 1810) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). Current status: Synonym of Aphia minuta (Risso 1810). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

aphya, Brachyochirus Bonaparte [C. L.] 1846:64 [Atti della Settima Adunanza degli Scienziati Italiani Sesta Riunione, Milano 7a Adunanza, Napoli, Part 2; ref. 519] Europe. No types known. •Synonym of Aphia minuta (Risso 1810) -- (Miller 1973:489 [ref. 6888]). Current status: Synonym of Aphia minuta (Risso 1810). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

aphya, Gobius Linnaeus [C.] 1758:263 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Nile River. No types known. Spelled aphia by Rafinesque 1810:30 [ref. 3595]. Name appeared in Sassi 1846:392 [ref. 22007] as "Gobius aphya, Sassi." Gobiidae.

apogonius, Gobius Cantor [T. E.] 1849:1164 [182] [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 18 (pt 2); ref. 715] Sea of Penang, Malaysia. Syntypes: BMNH 1860.3.19.554-555 (3 half skins). On p. 182 of separate. •Synonym of Stigmatogobius sadanundio (Hamilton 1822) -- (Larson 2001:211 [ref. 25522], Larson 2005:360 [ref. 28521], Kottelat 2013:430 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Stigmatogobius sadanundio (Hamilton 1822). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

aporia, Gobiopsis Lachner [E. A.] & McKinney [J. F.] 1978:12, Pls. 1, 2a, 7a, 8a [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 262; ref. 6603] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype: USNM 209731. Paratypes: AMNH 32957-62 (1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1); AMS (5 lots); ANSP (5, 3 lots); BMNH 1976.2.5.1 (1); BPBM 20321 (1); CAS 31497 (1), 33628-30 (1, 2, 1); FMNH 78751 (1); RMNH 15256 [or 15156] (1); USNM (25 lots). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:41 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Gobiopsis liolepis (Koumans or Bleeker 1931) -- (Delventhal & Mooi 2014:571 [ref. 33168]). •Valid as Gobiopsis aporia Lachner & McKinney 1978 -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:267 [ref. 6441], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:638 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1249 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3598 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1249 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:59 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:185 [ref. 27510], Hoese & Larson 2006:1658 [ref. 29097], Shibukawa 2010:97 [ref. 30809], Allen & Erdmann 2012:976 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:199 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:167 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Gobiopsis aporia Lachner & McKinney 1978. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Sri Lanka to Australia, north to Ryukyu Islands, and most of east Indian region [but see Delventhal & Mooi 2014:571 [ref. 33168]]. Habitat: marine.

aporus, Lioteres Hoese [D. F.] & Winterbottom [R.] 1979:2, Figs. 1-2 [Royal Ontario Museum Life Sciences Occasional Paper No. 31; ref. 7022] Reef off Sodwana Bay, KwaZulu-Natal, 27°31'S, 32°41'E, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 911. Paratypes: AMG 20272-001 [ex SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 912] (1), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 912 (2). •Valid as Hetereleotris apora (Hoese & Winterbottom 1979) -- (Hoese 1986:792 [ref. 5670], Hoese 1986:8 [ref. 5996], Gill 1998:94 [ref. 23403], Fricke 1999:514 [ref. 24106], Hoese & Larson 2005:15 [ref. 28571], Fricke et al. 2009:102 [ref. 30213], Shibukawa 2010:90 [ref. 30808], Kovačić et al. 2014:125 [ref. 33446]). Current status: Valid as Hetereleotris apora (Hoese & Winterbottom 1979). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: South Africa, Comores, Saint Brandon's Shoals and western Mascarenes to Chagos Archipelago. Habitat: marine.

aporus, Pseudorhinogobius Zhong [J.-S.] & Wu [H.-L.] 1998:149 [Engl. P. 152], Figs. 1 (A-B), 2C [Journal of Fisheries of China v. 22 (no. 2); ref. 25764] Upper Ou Jiang River system, Xiandu, Jinyun, Zhejiang, China, 120°50'E, 28°50'N. Holotype: SFU-3790. Paratypes: SFU-3791 (1), 3792-3801 (10), 3802 -3807 (6). •Now considered in Rhinogobius -- (H. Bleher, pers. comm., 11/1/2010). •Valid as Rhinogobius aporus (Zhong & Wu 1998) -- (Zhang et al. 2016:201 [ref. 34477], Takahashi & Okazaki 2017:[3] [ref. 35171], Suzuki et al. 2017:82 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Valid as Rhinogobius aporus (Zhong & Wu 1998). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

aprica, Sueviota Winterbottom [R.] & Hoese [D. F.] 1988:4, Figs. 3-4 [Royal Ontario Museum Life Sciences Occasional Paper No. 37; ref. 9274] Drop-off cave off Isle Fouquet, Peros Banhos Atoll, Chagos Archipelago, depth 40-43 meters. Holotype: ROM 44126. Paratypes: AMS I.24633-001 (3); ROM 864CS (1, c&s), 43012 (1), 44127 (7, 3 to AMS). •Valid as Sueviota aprica Winterbottom & Hoese 1988 -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3599 [ref. 26293], Randall et al. 2004:28 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:551 [ref. 28239], Dimara et al. 2010:621 [ref. 31108], Allen & Erdmann 2012:933 [ref. 31980], Allen et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34410], Greenfield & Randall 2017:9 [ref. 35230]). Current status: Valid as Sueviota aprica Winterbottom & Hoese 1988. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Chagos Archipelago, Fiji and West Papua (Indonesia). Habitat: marine.

aquila, Eviota Greenfield [D. W.] & Jewett [S. L.] 2014:57, Fig. 1 [Copeia 2014 (no. 1); ref. 33326] Pingtung Co., south end of Taiwan, rocky shore, just south of Chin Chiao-Wan, 21.9208°N, 120.8292°E, surge hannel cut wellback into shore, many caves and labyrinth connections, Taiwan, depth 0-6.4 meters, Holotype: USNM 227381. Paratypes: all from Taiwan. ANSP, BPBM, CAS, NMMB, USNM. •Valid as Eviota aquila Greenfield & Jewett 2014 -- (Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:48 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota aquila Greenfield & Jewett 2014. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

arabicus, Gobius Gmelin [J. F.] (ex Forsskål) 1789:1198 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. No types known. Based on Gobius anguillaris (non Linnaeus 1758) of Forsskål 1775:x, 23 [ref. 1351]. •Valid as Amblycentrus arabicus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Goren 1979:23 [ref. 1852], Dor 1984:238 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Cryptocentroides arabicus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Randall et al. 1994:244 [ref. 21645], Goren & Dor 1994:63 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:333 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:213 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Fricke 2008:53 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Valid as Cryptocentroides arabicus (Gmelin 1789). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden to Persian Gulf. Habitat: marine.

arctocephalus, Amblyopus Alcock [A. W.] 1890:432 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 6 (no. 36) (art. 52); ref. 86] Off Máhánaddi Delta, Investigator station 69, depth 50 fathoms; off Vizagapatam coast, India, Investigator, depth 20-25 fathoms. Syntypes: ZSI F12926 (1) station 69. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:152 [ref. 20743], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:42 [ref. 22148]. Figured in Alcock 1898: Pl. 20 (fig. 7) [ref. 20534]. •Valid as Amblyotrypauchen arctocephalus (Alcock 1890) -- (Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:635 [ref. 25122] as artcocephalus, Larson & Murdy 2001:3593 [ref. 26293], Murdy 2003:331 [ref. 27039], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Hoese & Larson 2006:1622 [ref. 29097], Murdy 2011:116 [ref. 31729], Larson et al. 2013:189 [ref. 32988], Prokofiev 2015:656 [ref. 34549]). Current status: Valid as Amblyotrypauchen arctocephalus (Alcock 1890). Gobiidae: Amblyopinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

arcupinna, Amblyeleotris Mohlmann [M. S.] & Munday [P. L.] 1999:59, Figs. 1-2 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 26 (no. 1-2); ref. 24273] Islet off Cape Vantanat, Normanby Island, D'Entrecasteaux Islands, Papua New Guinea, about 10°11'48"S, 151°12'30"E, depth 23 meters. Holotype: BPBM 36957. Paratypes: AMS I.37745-001 (1), BMNH 1997.1.3.1 (1), BPBM 34318 (1), USNM 343459 (1), WAM P.31206-001 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:43 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Amblyeleotris arcupinna Mohlmann & Munday 1999 -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:642 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2005:127 [ref. 28745], Chen et al. 2006:2565 [ref. 29024], Allen & Erdmann 2012:861 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Amblyeleotris arcupinna Mohlmann & Munday 1999. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean and western Pacific: Bali eastwards, Philippines, Papua New Guinea and Marshall Islands. Habitat: marine.

arcusbranchiae, Valenciennea strigata Fowler [H. W.] 1946:201, Fig. 64 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 98; ref. 1456] Aguni Shima, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype (unique): ANSP 72077. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. Originally as arcus-branchiae. •Synonym of Valenciennea strigata (Broussonet 1782) -- (Hoese & Larson 1994:59 [ref. 12483]). Current status: Synonym of Valenciennea strigata (Broussonet 1782). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

arenae, Gobius Bath [H.] 1972:349, Figs. 1-3, 5 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 53 (nos 5/6); ref. 7604] Barbarossa Bay near Porto Azurro, Elba Island, Italy, western Mediterranean Sea, on sand bottom with boulders, depth 3-6 meters. Holotype: SMF 11540. Paratypes: Bath coll. (2), SMF 11541 (1). •Synonym of Gobius geniporus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1041 [ref. 13677]). Current status: Synonym of Gobius geniporus Valenciennes 1837. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

arenarius, Gobius Günther [A.] 1861:59 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Not available, name on specimen mentioned under Gobius minutus. Gobiidae.

arenarius, Hetereleotris Snyder [J. O.] 1908:100 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 35 (no. 1635); ref. 4150] Naha, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: USNM 62237. Paratypes: CAS-SU 21104 (1); USNM 74581-82 (1, 1). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:127, 144 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:106 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Gobiopsis arenaria (Snyder 1908) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:267 [ref. 6441], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:638 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1249 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2000:183 [ref. 25987], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:1249 [ref. 26193], Hoese & Larson 2006:1658 [ref. 29097], Shibukawa 2010:97 [ref. 30809], Motomura et al. 2010:214 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:976 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:167 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Gobiopsis arenaria (Snyder 1908). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean: Brunei, southern China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands, Australia and New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

arenicola, Grallenia Shibukawa [K.] & Iwata [A.] 2007:128, Fig. 1A, 2A, 3A-B, 4A [Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science (Ser. A) Supplement No. 1; ref. 29108] Off Aka-todai lighthouse, Kashiwa-jima Island, Kochi Prefecture, Japan, depth 15-20 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 73195. Paratypes: AMS I.43860-001 (4); KPM-NI 16707 (2), NSMT-P 73196 (1, c&s), 73198 (1), 73199 (1), 73200 (1); OMNH-P 31811 (2). •Valid as Grallenia arenicola Shibukawa & Iwata 2007 -- (Motomura et al. 2010:214 [ref. 31256], Larson et al. 2013:200 [ref. 32988], Allen & Erdmann 2017:45 [ref. 35533]). Current status: Valid as Grallenia arenicola Shibukawa & Iwata 2007. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Australia may be a different species [ref. 35533]. Habitat: marine.

argenteus, Lentipes Keith [P.], Hadiaty [R. K.] & Lord [C.] in Keith, Hadiaty, Hubert, Busson & Lord 2014:139, Figs. 4-6 [Cybium v. 38 (no. 2); ref. 33420] Clearwater Hillstreams in Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 21475. Paratypes: MNHN 2013-0615 (7), MZB 21476 (3). •Valid as Lentipes argenteus Keith, Hadiaty & Lord 2014 -- (Keith et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Lentipes argenteus Keith, Hadiaty & Lord 2014. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: West Sumatra [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater.

argentilineatus, Periophthalmus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:191 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Lectotype: MNHN A-1499. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-1402 (4), A-1487 (1), A-1500 (1), A-1501 (1), B-2915 (1), B-2916 (1); RMNH 1964 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:43 [ref. 19958]. Lectotype selected by Murdy 1989:35 [ref. 13628]. See Fricke 1999:518 [ref. 24106]. The lectotype designation may be invalid, as a Moluccas specimen was not mentioned in the original description (which included material from Waigiou, Oualan, New Guinea, Irrawaddy/Myanmar and Java/Indonesia), so it may have not been part of the type series. •Synonym of Periophthalmus kalolo Lesson 1831 -- (Kottelat 2013:419 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Periophthalmus argentilineatus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Murdy 1989:32 [ref. 13628], Randall et al. 1990:406 [ref. 15987], Allen 1991:190 [ref. 21090], Kottelat et al. 1993:148 [ref. 23448], Goren & Dor 1994:65 [ref. 25356], Larson & Williams 1997:371 [ref. 23967], Allen 1997:222 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:406 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:237 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:749 [ref. 25471], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:639 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1156 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:70 [ref. 25191], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:413 [ref. 25191], Allen et al. 2000:127 [ref. 27467], Sakai et al. 2001:115 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3602 [ref. 26293], Allen et al. 2002:280 [ref. 25930], Nakabo 2002:1156 [ref. 26193], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:189 [ref. 27510], Tan & Lim 2004:111 [ref. 27716], Larson & Takita 2004:184 [ref. 28075], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:197 [ref. 28107], Randall 2005:545 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Larson 2006:1673 [ref. 29097], Larson et al. 2008:139 [ref. 29532], Jaafar & Larson 2008:952 [ref. 29863], Motomura et al. 2010:217 [ref. 31256], Takita et al. 2011:196 [ref. 31704], Murdy 2011:105 [ref. 31728], Schliewen 2011:212 [ref. 31738], Larson et al. 2013:204 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:170 [ref. 33932], Polgar et al. 2014:166 [ref. 35464], Jaafar et al. 2016:283 [ref. 34685], Koeda et al. 2016:94 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Periophthalmus argentilineatus Valenciennes 1837. Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Distribution: Southern Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Marshall and Society Islands, north to southern Japan and Ryukyu Islands, south to Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

argentiventralis, Periophthalmus schlosseri Eggert [B.] 1935:49 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 67; ref. 13880] Edam Island, about 10 kilometers north of Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: PMJ 785 (3), Universität Tübingen (destroyed in WWII). Comments on types for Periophthalmus schlosseri, subspecies argentiventralis Eggert 1935: Konstantinidis et al. 2016:[4] [ref. 34503]. •Valid as Periophthalmus argentiventralis Eggert 1935 -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:138 [ref. 25477]). •Synonym of Periophthalmodon schlosseri (Pallas 1770) -- (Murdy 1989:28 [ref. 13628], Kottelat 2013:418 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Periophthalmodon schlosseri (Pallas 1770). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

arguellesi, Tamanka Roxas [H. A.] & Ablan [G. L.] 1940:308, Pl. 7 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 73 (no. 3); ref. 13218] Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 31951 (destroyed in WWII). Paratypes: BSMP (13, destroyed in WWII). •Possibly a Mugilogobius -- (Larson 2001:197 [ref. 25522]). •Valid as Mugilogobius arguellesi Roxas & Ablan 1940 -- (Kottelat 2013:413 [ref. 32989]), Current status: Valid as Mugilogobius arguellesi Roxas & Ablan 1940. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater.

argulus, Gobius Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1868:266 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1868; ref. 3442] Coral reef near Paracale, Luzon Island, Philippines. Syntypes: ZMB 5201 (2). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

argus, Gnatholepis Larson [H. K.] & Buckle [D. J.] 2005:68, Figs. 1-4 [The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory v. 21; ref. 28489] Northern side of Turtle Reef off Field Island, Northern Territory, Australia, depth 0-0.25 meters. Holotype: NTM S.14965-032. Paratypes: AMS I.19356-016 (61), I.24713-005 (1); BPBM 40168 (12); NTM S.10005-34 (128), S.10006-027 (7 ), S.10033-005 (115), S.10411-026 (22), S.13237-038 (38), S.14965-008 (105), S.14966-022 (46); QM I.37222 (12); USNM 384336 (12). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Gnatholepis argus Larson & Buckle 2005 -- (Hoese & Larson 2006:1654 [ref. 29097], Randall & Greenfield 2007:304 [ref. 29292], Larson & Buckle 2012:5, 22 [ref. 32272], Larson et al. 2013:199 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Gnatholepis argus Larson & Buckle 2005. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Range: Australia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

armatus, Lentipes Sakai [H.] & Nakamura [M.] 1979:46, Fig. 5 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 26 (no. 1); ref. 8789] Arakawa River, about 500 meters from river mouth, Ishigaki Island, Ryukyu Islands, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, 24°20'N, 124°15'E. Holotype: NSMT-P 29296. Paratypes: NSMT-P 20775 (1, c&s), 28175 (1), 29315 (1). •Valid as Lentipes armatus Sakai & Nakamura 1979 -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:285 [ref. 6441], Nishimoto & Fitzsimons 1986:811 [ref. 6319], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:633 [ref. 25598], Maugé et al. 1992:215 [ref. 19910], Allen 1997:39 [ref. 22875], Watson & Allen 1999:117 [ref. 24140], Nakabo 2000:1158 [ref. 25182], Allen 2001:123 [ref. 25303], Sakai et al. 2001:113 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:1158 [ref. 26193], Watson et al. 2002:176 [ref. 26364], Yonezawa et al. 2010:254 [ref. 30902], Keith et al. 2014:134 [ref. 33420], Keith et al. 2015:46 [ref. 34328], Keith et al. 2016:140 [ref. 34452]). Current status: Valid as Lentipes armatus Sakai & Nakamura 1979. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Ryukyu Archipelago to Taiwan [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

arrowsmithensis, Robinsichthys Birdsong [R. S.] 1988:439, Figs. 1-3 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 101 (no. 2); ref. 6572] Arrowsmith Bank, Caribbean Sea, 21°02'N, 86°26'W, depth 92-586 meters. Holotype: USNM 290207. Paratypes: UF 234392 [ex UMML 34392] (2, 1 c&s), 234393 [ex UMML 34393] (1); USNM 290208 (2). •Valid as Robinsichthys arrowsmithensis Birdsong 1988 -- (Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:168 [ref. 27754], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1795 [ref. 27111], Van Tassell 2011:156 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:179 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Robinsichthys arrowsmithensis Birdsong 1988. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

arscuttoli, Schismatogobius Keith [P.], Lord [C.] & Hubert [N.] in Keith, Lord, Darhuddin, Limmon, Sukmono, Hadiaty & Hubert 2017:207, Figs. 2, 7 [Cybium v. 41 (no. 2); ref. 35442] Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: MNHN 2016-0306. Paratypes: MNHN, MZB, QM, UF. •Valid as Schismatogobius arscuttoli Keith, Lord & Hubert 2017. Current status: Valid as Schismatogobius arscuttoli Keith, Lord & Hubert 2017. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Sumatra, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

aruensis, Valenciennea Ogilby [J. D.] 1910:21 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 23; ref. 3288] Aru Islands, Indonesia. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. Paratypes: AMS I.9485 (1), I.12526 (2); QM I.1580 [?ex AFAQ 986] (1, too small to be holotype). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:164, 175 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Valenciennea muralis (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Hoese & Larson 1994:32 [ref. 12483], Hoese & Larson 2006:1694 [ref. 29097]). Current status: Synonym of Valenciennea muralis (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

arundelii, Gobius Garman [S.] 1899:63 [Proceedings of the New England Zoölogical Club v. 1; ref. 14702] Clipperton Island, eastern Pacific. Holotype (unique): MCZ 28289. •Synonym of Bathygobius ramosus Ginsburg 1947 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:259 [ref. 22193]). •Valid as Bathygobius arundelii (Garman 1899) -- (Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1134 [ref. 22829], Thomson et al. 2000:250 [ref. 25640]). •Synonym of Bathygobius lineatus (Jenyns 1841) but a valid subspecies arundelii (Garman 1899) -- (Miller & Stefanni 2001:150 [ref. 26034]). Current status: Synonym of Bathygobius lineatus (Jenyns 1841). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

asanai, Barbatogobius Koumans [F. P.] 1941:242 [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 13 (pt 3); ref. 2677] Kosamba Creek near Bulsan, Gujarat, western India. Holotype: ZSI F5283/2. Paratypes: (2) ?RMNH 17000 [ex ZSI] (1), ZSI F5532/2 (2). •Synonym of Gobiopsis macrostoma Steindachner 1861 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:937 [ref. 20764], Rainboth 1996:201 [ref. 22772]). •Synonym of Gobiopsis macrostomus Steindachner 1861 -- (Kottelat 2013:409 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiopsis macrostomus Steindachner 1861. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

asaro, Glossogobius Whitley [G. P.] 1959:318 [Australian Zoologist v. 12 (pt 4); ref. 4729] Asaro River, 5 miles south of Goroka, New Guinea. Holotype: AMS IB.3748A. Paratypes: AMS I.27611-001 [ex IB.3748B] (now 35). •Synonym of Glossogobius brunnoides (Nichols 1951) -- (Allen 1991:180 [ref. 21090]). •Valid as Glossogobius asaro Whitley 1959 -- (Hoese et al. 2015:18 [ref. 33684]). Current status: Valid as Glossogobius asaro Whitley 1959. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

ascensionis, Quisquilius Dawson [C. E.] & Edwards [A. J.] in Edwards & Glass 1987:659, Figs. 6-7 [Journal of Natural History v. 21 (no. 3); ref. 9166] Tidepool, McArthur Point, Ascension Island. Holotype: USNM 218836. Paratypes: AMS I.19345-001 (1); BMNH 1979.1.5.157-163 (7), 1979.1.5.164 (1), 1984.7.16.184-186 (3); GCRL 16137 (1, c&s), 16138-39 (1, 1); USNM 218837-39 (1, 1, 1), 277977 (2); ZMUC P781434-35 (2). •Valid as Priolepis ascensionis (Dawson & Edwards 1987) -- (Greenfield 1989:399 [ref. 12545], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:319 [ref. 25013], Wirtz et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33516], Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2841 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Priolepis ascensionis (Dawson & Edwards 1987). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Ascension and Saint Helena islands. Habitat: marine.

asiaticus, Periophthalmus variabilis Eggert [B.] 1935:66, Fig. 7 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 67; ref. 13880] Paknam, Thailand. Syntypes: PMJ 642 (2). Comments on types for Periophthalmus variabilis, subspecies asiaticus Eggert 1935: Konstantinidis et al. 2016:[5] [ref. 34503]. •Synonym of Periophthalmus novemradiatus (Hamilton 1822) -- (Murdy 1989:43 [ref. 13628]). •Synonym of Periophthalmus variabilis Eggert 1935 -- (Jaafar et al. 2009:311 [ref. 30170], Kottelat 2013:420 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Periophthalmus variabilis Eggert 1935. Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

assoi, Gobius de Buen [F.] 1936:239, Figs. 1-2 [Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural. Madrid v. 36; ref. 13757] Neighborhood of Melilla, Spanish Morocco, western Mediterranean Sea, depth 40 meters. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Gobius strictus Fage 1907 -- (Miller 1973:488 [ref. 6888]). Current status: Synonym of Gobius strictus Fage 1907. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

astilbos, Stiphodon Ryan [P. A.] 1986:656, Figs. 1, 3-4 [Indo-Pacific fish biology; ref. 6318] Pool in stream at South Santo dispensary, about 50 meters from sea, Espiritu Santo, Vanuatu, depth 2.5-25 centimeters. Holotype: AMS 25714-001. Paratypes: AMS 25713-001 (4); NMW 57858 (4). •Valid as Stiphodon astilbos Ryan 1986 -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3603 [ref. 26293], Keith et al. 2007:37 [ref. 29211], Keith et al. 2009:473 [ref. 30474], Keith et al. 2015:180 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Stiphodon astilbos Ryan 1986. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Vanuatu [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

asymbasia, Eviota Greenfield [D. W.] & Jewett [S. L.] 2016:590, Figs. 2-4, 5a [Zootaxa 4121 (no. 5); ref. 34594] Palawan Province, Cuyo Island, Philippine Islands, depth 1 meter. Holotype: USNM 229476. Paratypes: CAS, USNM. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Eviota asymbasia Greenfield & Jewett 2016 -- (Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:64 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota asymbasia Greenfield & Jewett 2016. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Philippine Islands and Sulu Sea, south to Java and west to Damar. Habitat: marine.

ater, Gobiodon Herler [J.], Bogorodsky [S. V.] & Suzuki [T.] 2013:314, Figs. 5-6 [Zootaxa 3709 (no. 4); ref. 32889] Gulf of Aqaba, Dahab, "Napoleon Reef" (28°28'15"N, 34°30'33"E), Egypt, depth 1 meter. Holotype: NMW 94612. Paratypes: BMNH 2012.3.20.1 (1); 2012:3.20.2 (1); MNHN 2012-0110 (1), 2012-0111 (1); NMW 94613 (1). Plus additional non-type specimens. •Valid as Gobiodon ater Herler, Bogorodsky & Suzuki 2013. Current status: Valid as Gobiodon ater Herler, Bogorodsky & Suzuki 2013. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, central Indian Ocean and western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ater, Gobius Bellotti [C.] 1888:219, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali di Milano v. 31; ref. 19270] Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes and/or Bellotti specimens: MSNM (main series, destroyed in 1943), MSNG 12607 (2, types); NMW 28551-52 (1, 1), 29041 (1); ZMUC uncat., ZMUO J1123 (4) Nice. Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:342 [ref. 10350], Pethon 1969:10 [ref. 19268], Conci & Michelangeli 1974:219 [ref. 21560], Nielsen 1974:79 [ref. 9588]. On p. 7 of separate. •Valid as Gobius ater Bellotti 1888 -- (Miller 1973:484 [ref. 6888], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1036 [ref. 13677], Brito & Miller 2001:262 [ref. 25096], Ahnelt 2001:262 [ref. 25667], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:186 [ref. 31737], Schliewen 2011:217 [ref. 31738]). Current status: Valid as Gobius ater Bellotti 1888. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

ateriformis, Gobius Brito [A.] & Miller [P. J.] 2001:260, Figs. 1C, 2B [Journal of Natural History v. 35 (no. 2); ref. 25096] Ilha de São Tiago, Cape Verde Islands, northeastern Atlantic. Holotype: BMNH uncat. Paratypes: BMNH (1), TFMC (2). •Valid as Gobius ateriformis Brito & Miller 2001 -- (Schliewen 2011:217 [ref. 31738], Wirtz et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32972], Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2840 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Gobius ateriformis Brito & Miller 2001. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Cape Verde Islands (endemic). Habitat: marine.

aterrimus, Ctenogobius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:423 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] Kulambangra Island, Solomon Islands. Holotype (unique): FMNH 17384. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:139 [ref. 2676], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:29 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Lophogobius bleekeri Popta 1921 -- (Kottelat 2013:412 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Dotsugobius bleekeri (Popta 1921) -- (Shibukawa et al. 2014:147 [ref. 35157]). Current status: Synonym of Dotsugobius bleekeri (Popta 1921). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

aterrimus, Gobius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1814:18 [Précis des découvertes et travaux somiologiques de Mr. C. S. Rafinesque-Schmaltz; ref. 3582] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Gobiidae.

aterrimus, Rhinogobius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1931:9 [Journal of the Pan-Pacific Research Institution v. 6 (no. 4); ref. 9828] Not available, name only in list of fishes of the Solomon Is. Apparently described as Ctenogobius aterrimus Herre 1935 [ref. 2109]. Gobiidae.

atherinoides, Gobius Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1855:445 [Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1855; ref. 3449] Mozambique. Syntypes: ZMB 2102 (2). Also described as new in Peters 1855:254 [ref. 13448]. •Synonym of Yongeichthys nebulosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Maugé 1986:387 [ref. 6218]). •Valid as Opua atherinoides (Peters 1855) -- (Randall & Goren 1993:17 [ref. 21131]). •Valid as Hazeus atherinoides (Peters 1855) -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:59 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Oplopomops atherinoides (Peters 1855) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:254 [ref. 6441], Myers & Donaldson 2003:643 [ref. 27495], Randall 2005:542 [ref. 28239]). •Synonym of Arcygobius baliurus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Larson et al. 2008:146 [ref. 29532], Allen & Erdmann 2012:959 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:399 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Arcygobius baliurus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

atrangulatus, Gobiodon Garman [S.] 1903:234, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 39 (no. 8); ref. 15030] Nairai, Fiji Islands. Holotype: MCZ 28291. Possible types or additional material: MCZ 29378 (2). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:136 [ref. 2676]. •Valid as Gobiodon atrangulatus Garman 1903 -- (Yoshino & Yamamoto in Masuda et al. 1984:265 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1187 [ref. 25182], Larson & Murdy 2001:3597 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1187 [ref. 26193], Motomura et al. 2010:213 [ref. 31256], Suzuku et al. 2012:59 [ref. 32027]). Current status: Valid as Gobiodon atrangulatus Garman 1903. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

atratus, Callogobius Griffin [L. T.] 1933:176, Pl. 25 (bottom) [Transactions New Zealand Institute v. 63 (pt 2); ref. 1906] Cable Bay, Mangonui County, New Zealand, in rock pools. Holotype: AIM PS.286.1. Paratypes: AIM (2), AMS I.4890 (1). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:167-168 [ref. 2676]. •Valid as Gobiopsis atrata (Griffin 1933) -- (Paulin et al. 1989:225 [ref. 24556], Paulin & Roberts 1992:52 [ref. 24625], Willis et al. 1999:189 [ref. 24629], Shibukawa 2010:97 [ref. 30809], Larson 2011:238, 239 [ref. 31740], Hoese 2015:1580 [ref. 34304]). Current status: Valid as Gobiopsis atrata (Griffin 1933). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: marine.

atratus, Stiphodon Watson [R. E.] 1996:115, Figs. 6-9 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 23 (nos 3-4); ref. 22688] Stream at end of long narrow bay, Waigeo Island, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Holotype: SMF 27242. Paratypes: CMK 11333 (3), 11385 (6); MZB uncat. (2); NTM S.13675-003 (25); USNM 114894 (4); WAM P.26413-001 (2), P.27788-004 (3), P.27862-006 (2), P.27862-007 (1), P.28185-012 (4), P.29613-005 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:45 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Stiphodon atratus Watson 1996 -- (Watson et al. 1998:293 [ref. 23658], Watson & Allen 1999:114 [ref. 24140], Larson & Murdy 2001:3603 [ref. 26293], Watson et al. 2001:42 [ref. 25349], Keith et al. 2002:188 [ref. 26363], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:197 [ref. 28107] as cf. atratus, Watson 2008:51 [ref. 29534], Keith et al. 2009:475 [ref. 30474], Maeda & Tan 2013:760 [ref. 32886], Kottelat 2013:430 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:172 [ref. 33932], Maeda & Palla 2015:393 [ref. 33960], Maeda et al. 2015:256 [ref. 33999]). •Synonym of Stiphodon pelewensis Herre 1936 -- (Keith et al. 2015:220 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Synonym of Stiphodon pelewensis Herre 1936. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea and Indonesia (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

atribranchiostegus, Rhinogobius Koumans [F. P.] 1940:135 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 22; ref. 2676] Den Pasar, southern Bali, Indonesia. Holotype: USNM 56333. See Rhinogobius melanobranchus Fowler. Gobiidae.

atriceps, Gobius (Ctenogobius) Regan [C. T.] 1905:364 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 16 (no. 93) (art. 42); ref. 15382] Inland Sea, Japan. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1905.6.7.34. •Synonym of Tridentiger obscurus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Okada 1961:655 [ref. 6363] as articeps). Current status: Synonym of Tridentiger obscurus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

atriclypeus, Gobius Garman [S.] 1903:233, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 39 (no. 8); ref. 15030] Bay of Moala, eastern side of Fiji Islands, depth 25 fathoms. Holotype (unique): MCZ 28290. •Valid as Vanderhorstia atriclypea (Garman 1903) -- (Suzuki & Chen 2014:207 [ref. 33152]). Current status: Valid as Vanderhorstia atriclypea (Garman 1903). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

atrimelum, Chriolepis Bussing [W. A.] 1997:1548, Figs. 1-2 [Revista de Biología Tropical v. 45 (no. 4); ref. 23500] Isla del Coco, 2.6 kilometers west-northwest of Punta Gissler, 5°33'30"N, 87°05'50"W, depth 137-146 meters. Holotype (unique): LACM 32264-10. Chriolepis is feminine, so species apparently should be atrimela if an adjective. •Valid as Chriolepis atrimelum Bussing 1997 -- (Thomson et al. 2000:244 [ref. 25640], Van Tassell 2011:151 [ref. 31732], Hastings & Findley 2013:600 [ref. 33005], Tornabene et al. 2016:13 [ref. 34435] as atrimela). Current status: Valid as Chriolepis atrimelum Bussing 1997. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Cocos Island. Habitat: marine.

atrinasa, Sueviota Winterbottom [R.] & Hoese [D. F.] 1988:7, Fig. 5 [Royal Ontario Museum Life Sciences Occasional Paper No. 37; ref. 9274] Off northwestern coast of Western Australia, depth 18-20 meters. Holotype: NTM S.11375-035. Paratypes: NTM S.11370-027 (1), S.11375-039 (1); WAM P.28022-054 (3), P.28031-036 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:40 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:46 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Sueviota atrinasa Winterbottom & Hoese 1998 -- (Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Allen & Adrim 2003:60 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Larson 2006:1685 [ref. 29097], Allen & Erdmann 2012:933 [ref. 31980], Allen et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34410], Greenfield & Randall 2017:9 [ref. 35230]). Current status: Valid as Sueviota atrinasa Winterbottom & Hoese 1988. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia, Vanuatu and off-shore reefs of western Australia. Habitat: marine.

atripelvicus, Cabillus Randall [J. E.], Sakamoto [K.] & Shibukawa [K.] 2007:41, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Research v. 54; ref. 29021] Miyanohama Bay, Chichi-jima, Ogasawara Islands, depth 29 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 72568. Paratypes: BPBM 35093 (1), USNM 385704 (1). Plus 2 non-types from main islands of Japan. •Valid as Cabillus atripelvicus Randall, Sakamoto & Shibukawa 2007 -- (Kovačić & Bogorodsky 2013.:181 [ref. 32908], Shibukawa & Aizawa 2013:140 [ref. 32945]). Current status: Valid as Cabillus atripelvicus Randall, Sakamoto & Shibukawa 2007. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

atripes, Asterropteryx Shibukawa [K.] & Suzuki [T.] 2002:276, Figs. 1-4 [Ichthyological Research v. 49 (no. 3); ref. 26337] Funauki Bay, Iriomote-jima Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, 24°19.3'N, 123°44.3'E, depth 25 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 63213. Paratypes: BLIH 1995085 (1, c&s), 1997050 (1); NTM S.15087-001 (1); OMNH-P 14205 (1); USNM 367123 (1); YCM-P 15055 (1). •Valid as Asterropteryx atripes Shibukawa & Suzuki 2002 -- (Shibukawa & Suzuki 2007:109 [ref. 29069], Allen & Erdmann 2012:909 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Asterropteryx atripes Shibukawa & Suzuki 2002. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean and western Pacific: Andaman Islands to Philippines and Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

atripinnatus, Rhinogobius Smith [H. M.] 1931:45 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 79 (no. 2873); ref. 4047] Gulf of Thailand off mouth of Tachin River, central Thailand. Holotype: USNM 90321. Paratypes or additional material: Siamese Dept. Fish. (2). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:130 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Acentrogobius chlorostigmatoides (Bleeker 1849) -- (Rainboth 1996:197 [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Aulopareia atripinnatus (Smith 1931) -- (Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:635 [ref. 25122], Larson & Murdy 2001:3595 [ref. 26293], Kottelat 2013:399 [ref. 32989], Suzuki et al. 2017:81 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Valid as Aulopareia atripinnatus (Smith 1931). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Thailand. Habitat: marine.

atripinnis, Gobionellus Gilbert [C. R.] & Randall [J. E.] 1979:38, Fig. 3 [Northeast Gulf Science v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 6929] Stream 7.7 miles east of Brownsville, Texas, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 167639. Paratypes: UMMZ 181796 (7, now 6, 1 c&s), 187725 (4), 187763 (1, c&s); USNM 118100 [ex USNM 62292] (1). Additional material: UMMZ. •Valid as Gobionellus atripinnis Gilbert & Randall 1979 -- (Lee et al. 1980:791 [ref. 22416], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:74 [ref. 22290], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:444 [ref. 24550], Musick 2000:18 [ref. 24959]). •Synonym of Ctenogobius claytoni [claytonii] (Meek 1902) -- (Pezold 2004:273 [ref. 27685], Scharpf 2009:13 [ref. 30400]). Current status: Synonym of Ctenogobius claytonii (Meek 1902). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

atripinnis, Gobius Fowler [H. W.] 1934:81, Figs. 21-22 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1417] Sanoer, southeastern Bali, Indonesia. Holotype: ANSP 56285. Paratypes: ANSP 56286 (1). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:134 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1984:105 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Bathygobius fuscus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Kottelat 2013:402 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Bathygobius fuscus (Rüppell 1830). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

atriventris, Eviota Greenfield [D. W.] & Suzuki [T.] 2012:56, Figs. 1, 6-8 [Zootaxa No. 3197; ref. 31797] Palau Island, due west of Koror, 7°20'44.3"N, 134°16'47.2"E, depth 0-7.9 meters. Holotype: ROM 76339. Paratypes: BPBM 41084 (4); CAS 233514 (6); OMNH P38332 (1), P38333 (4), P38334 (1), P38335 (1); ROM 74922 (62), 84482 (1), 84498 (1), 88227 (14); USNM 402735 (4); WAM P.33535 (4). •Valid as Eviota atriventris Greenfield & Suzuki 2012 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:918 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:162 [ref. 33932], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:62 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota atriventris Greenfield & Suzuki 2012. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean and West Pacific: Ryukyu Islands, East Indian region, Philippines south to New Caledonia and Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

atronasum, Gobiosoma (Elacatinus) Böhlke [J. E.] & Robins [C. R.] 1968:88, Fig. 6 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 120; ref. 609] Off Long Island, Great Bahama Bank, Bahamas, depth 105 feet. Holotype: UF 15427 [ex UF 13567]. Paratypes: AMNH 26241 (1); ANSP 110690 (1, c&s), 110900-901 (3, 3); MCZ 45888 (1); MNHN 1971-0046 [ex UF 13567] (1); UF 13496 (5), 13567 (12), 13663 (5), 13931-32 (3, 2), 223435 [ex UMML 23435] (2); UMMZ 187469 (1); USNM 202374 (1). Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:111 [ref. 21035], Böhlke 1984:105 [ref. 13621], Bauchot et al. 1991:24 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Elacatinus atronasus (Böhlke & Robins 1968) -- (Sazima et al. 1997:36 [ref. 23134], Hoese & Reader 2001:157 [ref. 26035], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1793 [ref. 27111], Smith et al. 2003:61 [ref. 27621], Taylor & Akins 2007:48 [ref. 29023], Colin 2010:38, 47 [ref. 30879], Van Tassell 2011:152 [ref. 31732]). Current status: Valid as Elacatinus atronasus (Böhlke & Robins 1968). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas. Habitat: marine.

atropurpureum, Microsicydium Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:296 [Monographs, Bureau of Science Manila Monogr. 23; ref. 2104] Lagu Lagu creek, southern margin of Visayan State Coll. of Agric., about 1 kilometer from sea, Leyte, Philippines. Neotype: ZRC 38392. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:192 [ref. 2676]. Holotype and BSMP 13234 (3) from Irid River, Philippines destroyed; neotype designated by Watson & Kottelat 1995:4 [ref. 21671]. Originally as atro-purpureum. •Valid as Stiphodon atropurpureus (Herre 1927) -- (Watson & Kottelat 1995:3 [ref. 21671] as atropurpureum, Watson & Chen 1998:59 [ref. 23584], Nakabo 2000:1160 [ref. 25182], Larson & Murdy 2001:3603 [ref. 26293], Sakai et al. 2001:119 [ref. 25693], Yonezawa & Iwata 2001:2 [ref. 25609], Nakabo 2002:1160 [ref. 26193], Watson 2008:51 [ref. 29534], Yonezawa et al. 2010:258 [ref. 30902], Maeda et al. 2012:287 [ref. 31973], Maeda et al. 2012:320 [ref. 32002], Maeda 2013:(7) [ref. 33023], Kottelat 2013:430 [ref. 32989], Maeda & Palla 2015:393 [ref. 33960], Maeda et al. 2015:256 [ref. 33999], Keith et al. 2015:182 [ref. 34328], Zhang et al. 2016:207 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Stiphodon atropurpureus (Herre 1927). Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Japan to China, south to Malaysia and to Indonesia, Philippines [supposedly amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

attenuata, Vanderhorstia Randall [J. E.] 2007:91, Fig. 2 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 29222] North side of Guadalcanal, 11.3 kilometers west of Honiara, Solomon Islands, depth 38-48 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 38734. •Valid as Vanderhorstia attenuata Randall 2007 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:888 [ref. 31980], Suzuki & Chen 2014:207 [ref. 33152], Allen et al. 2014:86 [ref. 33278], Fricke et al. 2014:177 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Vanderhorstia attenuata Randall 2007. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indonesia, Philippines and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

attenuatus, Gobius Couch [J.] 1863:166, Pl. 101 (fig. 2) [The history of the fishes of the British islands v. 2; ref. 18053] British Isles. No types known. •Synonym of Gobiusculus flavescens (Fabricius 1779) -- (Miller 1973:496 [ref. 6888]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiusculus flavescens (Fabricius 1779). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

aturirii, Trimma Winterbottom [R.], Erdmann [M. V.] & Cahyani [N. K. D.] 2015:203, Figs. 1, 3-6 [Zootaxa 3973 (no. 2); ref. 33849] Mapia Atoll, south end of Pulau Pegun, 0°47.795'N, 134°18.198'E, depth 60 meters. Holotype: ROM 94889. Paratypes: MZB, ROM. •Valid as Trimma aturirii Winterbottom, Erdmann & Cahyani 2015. Current status: Valid as Trimma aturirii Winterbottom, Erdmann & Cahyani 2015. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: West Papua Province, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

auchenolepis, Oxyurichthys Bleeker [P.] 1876:138 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 9; ref. 449] Singapore. Lectotype: RMNH PISC 4506. Paralectotypes: RMNH PISC 35634 (1). Lectotype selected by Pezold & Larson 2015:22 [ref. 33894]. •Valid as Oxyurichthys auchenolepis Bleeker 1876 -- (Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:639 [ref. 25122], Larson & Murdy 2001:3601 [ref. 26293] dated 1867, Allen & Adrim 2003:59 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Larson 2006:1669 [ref. 29097], Larson et al. 2008:143 [ref. 29532], Larson et al. 2013:203 [ref. 32988], Pezold & Larson 2015:5, 18 [ref. 33894], Prokofiev 2016:648 [ref. 35020]). Current status: Valid as Oxyurichthys auchenolepis Bleeker 1876. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

auchenotaenia, Gobius Bleeker [P.] 1867:415 [Archives néerlandaises des sciences exactes et naturelles v. 2; ref. 14040] Madagascar. Syntypes: (10) RMNH (apparently lost). •Synonym of Acentrogobius nebulosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Maugé 1986:387 [ref. 6218]). •Synonym of Yongeichthys nebulosus (Forsskål 1775). Current status: Synonym of Yongeichthys nebulosus (Forsskål 1775). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

aucupatorius, Boleophthalmus Richardson [J.] 1845:148, Pl. 62 (fig. 1-4) [Ichthyology.--Part 3. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur.; ref. 20575] Woosung and Canton, China. Syntypes: BMNH 1848.3.18.57-58 (2), 1965.8.12.52-53 (2). Type information: Whitehead 1970:217 [ref. 11606]. •Synonym of Scartelaos viridis (Hamilton 1822) -- (Wu in Pan et al. 1991:498 [ref. 23876]). •Synonym of Scartelaos histophorus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Murdy 1989:51 [ref. 13628] with a holotype, Kottelat 2013:426 [ref. 32989], Huang et al. 2014:114 [ref. 33161]). Current status: Synonym of Scartelaos histophorus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

audax, Acentrogobius Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:201, Fig. 17 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 13; ref. 4122] Ibo Island, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 192. •Valid as Acentrogobius audax Smith 1959 -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:249 [ref. 6441], Hoese 1986:777 [ref. 5670], Nakabo 2000:1244 [ref. 25182], Larson & Murdy 2001:3594 [ref. 26293], Sakai et al. 2001:108 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:1244 [ref. 26193], Motomura et al. 2010:202 [ref. 31256]). •Synonym of Acentrogobius madraspatensis (Day 1868) -- (Allen 2015:7 [ref. 33699] if valid). Current status: Valid as Acentrogobius audax Smith 1959. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

auratus, Gobius Risso [A.] 1810:160 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] La Fourmigue, France, Mediterranean Sea, depth 28 meters. Neotype: MNHN 1988-0630. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:54 [ref. 19958]. Neotype designated by Heymer & Zander 1992:298 [ref. 21367]. •Valid as Gobius auratus Risso 1810 -- (Miller 1973:484 [ref. 6888], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1037 [ref. 13677], Miller 1990:933 [ref. 19376], Heymer & Zander 1992:298 [ref. 21367], Kovačić & Miller 2000:235 [ref. 25014], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:130 [ref. 26753], Herler et al. 2005:1048 [ref. 28118], Fricke et al. 2007:103 [ref. 29533], Villegas-Ríos & Bañón 2010:311 [ref. 30992], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:186 [ref. 31737], Kovačić et al. 2011:250 [ref. 32868]), Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2840 [ref. 34618]. Current status: Valid as Gobius auratus Risso 1810. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: Spain to Madeira and Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

auratus, Gobius Couch [J.] 1863:159, Pl. C (fig. 1) [The history of the fishes of the British islands v. 2; ref. 18053] Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, England. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Gobius auratus Risso 1810. •Synonym of Pomatoschistus minutus (Pallas 1770) -- (Miller 1973:506 [ref. 6888]) Current status: Synonym of Pomatoschistus minutus (Pallas 1770). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

aureofuscus, Stiphodon Keith [P.], Busson [F.], Sauri [S.], Hubert [N.] & Hadiaty [R. K.] 2015:220, Figs. 1-4 [Cybium v. 39 (no. 3); ref. 34020] East Java, Kabupaten Blitar, Ngerjo, depth 113 meters. Holotype: MZB 22726. Paratypes: MNRN, MZB. •Valid as Stiphodon aureofuscus Keith, Busson, Sauri, Hubert & Hadiaty 2015. Current status: Valid as Stiphodon aureofuscus Keith, Busson, Sauri, Hubert & Hadiaty 2015. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Java, Bali and Lombok, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

aureorostrum, Stiphodon Chen [I-S.] & Tan [H. H.] 2005:238, Figs. 2-5 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 53 (no. 2); ref. 28539] Sungai Keliling, Juara, Palau Tioman, Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia. Holotype: ZRC 46412. Paratypes: NMMBP 1984 (4); ZRC 45409 (2), 45410 (1), 46413 (2). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Stiphodon aureorostrum Chen & Tan 2005 -- (Maeda & Tan 2013:760 [ref. 32886], Maeda & Saeki 2013:219 [ref. 33022], Kottelat 2013:430 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Stiphodon multisquamus Wu & Ni 1986 -- (Maeda et al. 2015:247 [ref. 33999], Keith et al. 2015:210 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Synonym of Stiphodon multisquamus Wu & Ni 1986. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

aureoviridis, Quisquilius Gosline [W. A.] 1959:68, Fig. 1 [Pacific Science v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 1861] Pupukea, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 175013. Paratypes: BPBM 14203 [ex UH 1703] (8), USNM 175014 (1). •Valid as Priolepis aureoviridis (Gosline 1959) -- (Winterbottom & Burridge 1993:2058 [ref. 21406], Myers 1999:259 [ref. 23965], Larson & Murdy 2001:3599 [ref. 26293], Greenfield & Randall 2004:538 [ref. 28175], Mundy 2005:479 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:401 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Priolepis aureoviridis (Gosline 1959). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western and central Pacific: Caroline Islands (Micronesia), Johnston Atoll, Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

aureus, Fusigobius Chen [I-S.] & Shao [K.-T.] 1997:88, Figs. 1-3 [Acta Zoologica Taiwanica v. 8 (no. 2); ref. 23347] Maumere, Flores Island, Indonesia. Holotype: ASIZP 057803. Paratypes: NMMBP 00301 (1). •Valid as Coryphopterus aureus (Chen & Shao 1997) -- (Randall 2001:207 [ref. 25665]). •Valid as Fusigobius aureus Chen & Shao 1997 -- (Thacker & Cole 2002:839 [ref. 26548], Allen & Adrim 2003:58 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Larson 2006:1651 [ref. 29097], Allen & Erdmann 2012:970 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Fusigobius aureus Chen & Shao 1997. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Coral Sea. Habitat: marine.

aureus, Glossogobius Akihito & Meguro [K.] 1975:128, Figs. 1-2 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 22 (no. 3); ref. 9185] Sumiyoshi, Iriomote-jima, Okinawa, Japan. Holotype: NSMT-P 18200. Paratypes: NSMT-P 18201-210 (10). Non-type material at AMS and LICPP. •Valid as Glossogobius aureus Akihito & Meguro 1975 -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:274 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:611 [ref. 25598], Larson & Martin 1990:63 [ref. 16606], Allen 1991:179 [ref. 21090], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:464 [ref. 23876], Kottelat et al. 1993:144 [ref. 23448], Zhu 1995:180 [ref. 25213], Rainboth 1996:200 [ref. 22772], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:637 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1202 [ref. 25182], Kottelat 2000:88 [ref. 25486], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:104 [ref. 26368], Allen et al. 2000:121 [ref. 27467], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Kottelat 2001:155 [ref. 25780], Larson & Murdy 2001:3597 [ref. 26293], Sakai et al. 2001:111 [ref. 25693], Unmack 2001:1064 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:266 [ref. 25930], Nakabo 2002:1202 [ref. 26193], Hoese & Larson 2006:1652 [ref. 29097], Larson et al. 2008:149 [ref. 29532], Allen et al. 2008:166 [ref. 30265], Hoese & Allen 2009:2 [ref. 29998], Hoese & Allen 2012:269 [ref. 31974], Larson et al. 2013:198 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:407 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:191 [ref. 34464], Hoese & Allen 2015:214 [ref. 33880], Pusey et al. 2017:72 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Glossogobius aureus Akihito & Meguro 1975. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

auriga, Ctenogobius (Aurigobius) Whitley [G. P.] 1959:317 [Australian Zoologist v. 12 (pt 4); ref. 4729] Heron Island, Capricorn Group, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS IB.4001. Paratypes: AMS IB.4002-03 (2) •Synonym of Favonigobius lateralis (Macleay 1881) -- (Gill & Miller 1990:517 [ref. 16711], Hoese & Larson 2006:1650 [ref. 29097]). Current status: Synonym of Favonigobius lateralis (Macleay 1881). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

auriga, Prioolepis Ehrenberg [C. G.] in Klunzinger 1871:484 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 21; ref. 2622] Red Sea. Original genus should have been Priolepis. Not available, name mentioned in passing in synonymy; also appeared in Hemprich & Ehrenberg 1899:9, Pl. 9 (fig. 7) [ref. 4977] but also in synonymy (on ZMB 2115). •In the synonymy of Asterropteryx semipunctatus Rüppell 1830 -- (Dor 1984:240 [ref. 29757]). Current status: Synonym of Asterropteryx semipunctata Rüppell 1830. Gobiidae: Gobiinae.

aurimaculatus, Cristatogobius Akihito & Meguro [K.] 2000:250, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Research v. 47 (no. 3); ref. 24803] Mouth of Miyara River, Ishigakijima, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: NSMT-P 47066. Paratypes: NSMT-P 47067-68 (2, 2); URM-P 3148 (1), 3840 (5). Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Cristatogobius aurimaculatus Akihita & Meguro 2000 -- (Nakabo 2000:1194 [ref. 25182], Sakai et al. 2001:111 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:1194 [ref. 26193], Akihito et al. 2003:121 [ref. 26916], Fricke et al. 2014:160 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Cristatogobius aurimaculatus Akihito & Meguro 2000. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Ryukyu Islands, Papua New Guinea and Fiji. Habitat: brackish, marine.

aurocingulus, Aparrius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:425 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] Ovalau Island, Fiji Islands. Holotype: FMNH 17353. Paratypes: (3) FMNH 17354-55 (1, 1), CAS-SU 24430 (2). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:140 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:108 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:9 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Ctenogobiops aurocingulus (Herre 1935) -- (Lubbock & Polunin 1977:505 [ref. 7264], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:261 [ref. 6441], Allen 1997:214 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:529 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:240 [ref. 23965], Chen et al. 1999:60 [ref. 24094], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:637 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1232 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:409 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3596 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1232 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:57 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2003:508 [ref. 27448], Myers & Donaldson 2003:642 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:180 [ref. 27510], Lobel & Lobel 2004:76 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:26 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:527 [ref. 28239], Randall et al. 2007:26 [ref. 29015], Hoese & Larson 2006:1639 [ref. 29097], Kovačić et al. 2011:60 [ref. 31957], Allen & Erdmann 2012:876 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:162 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Ctenogobiops aurocingulus (Herre 1935). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Sri Lanka to Micronesia and Samoa, north to Taiwan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

auronotata, Vanderhorstia Randall [J. E.] 2007:94, Fig. 3 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 29222] Ambon Island, Ambon Bay, about 1.5 kilometers west of Poka, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BPBM 32322. •Valid as Vanderhorstia auronotata Randall 2007 -- (Randall & Munday 2008:40 [ref. 29503], Allen & Erdmann 2012:888 [ref. 31980], Suzuki & Chen 2014:207 [ref. 33152], Allen et al. 2014:86 [ref. 33278]). Current status: Valid as Vanderhorstia auronotata Randall 2007. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Molucca Islands, Indonesia (holotype). Habitat: marine.

auropunctatus, Mars Tomiyama [I.] 1955:6, Fig. 5 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 4 (nos 1/2/3); ref. 4412] Near Kamegi, off Nagai, Japan. Holotype (unique): NSMT [ex LICPP] 751. •Valid as Vanderhorstia auropunctata (Tomiyama 1955) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:260 [ref. 6441], Ikeda et al. 1995:308 [ref. 22180], Nakabo 2000:1235 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1235 [ref. 26193], Shibukawa & Suzuki 2004:116 [ref. 28014], Winterbottom et al. 2005:114 [ref. 28146], Randall 2007:22 [ref. 29032], Iwata et al. 2007:191 [ref. 29101]. Suzuki & Chen 2014:207 [ref. 33152]). Current status: Valid as Vanderhorstia auropunctata (Tomiyama 1955). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

aurora, Cryptocentrus Polunin [N. V. C.] & Lubbock [R.] 1977:84, Figs. 13-14 [Journal of Zoology (London) v. 183 (pt 1); ref. 3540] Grand Passe, Aldabra Atoll, Seychelles, western Indian Ocean, depth 20 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1976.9.22.6. Paratypes: BMNH 1975.5.5.1-2 (2), 1976.9.22.7 (1); BPBM 18872 (2). •Valid as Amblyeleotris aurora (Polunin & Lubbock 1977) -- (Hoese & Steene 1978:382 [ref. 8713], Hoese 1986:777 [ref. 5670], Randall & Goren 1993:2 [ref. 21131], Fricke 1999:497 [ref. 24106], Mohlmann & Munday 1999:62 [ref. 24273], Larson & Murdy 2001:3594 [ref. 26293], Mohlmann & Randall 2002:221 [ref. 26405], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830] dated 1979, Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:394 [ref. 28072], Chen et al. 2006:2564 [ref. 29024] with authorship as Mohlmann & Munday 1999, Fricke et al. 2009:98 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:861 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Amblyeleotris aurora (Polunin & Lubbock 1977). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: South Africa and Réunion (western Mascarenes) east to Andaman Sea (Andaman Islands, Myanmar and Thailand) and north-western Sumatra. Habitat: marine.

australis, Gillichthys Ogilby [J. D.] 1894:367 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (Series 2) v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 3267] Jervis Bay, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.3171. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:161-162 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Redigobius macrostoma (Günther 1861) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:806 [ref. 22532] as australia, Larson 2001:208 [ref. 25522], Hoese & Larson 2006:1681 [ref. 29097], Larson 2010:161 [ref. 30783]). Current status: Synonym of Redigobius macrostoma (Günther 1861). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

australis, Gnatholepis cauerensis Randall [J. E.] & Greenfield [D. W.] 2001:7, Pl. II B. [Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology No. 69; ref. 25675] Haurei Bay, Rapa, Tubuai Islands, South.Pacific. Holotype (unique): BPBM 17276. Plus other material. •Synonym of Gnatholepis cauerensis Bleeker 1853, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Randall 2005:536 [ref. 28239]). •Valid as Gnatholepis australis Randall & Greenfield 2001 -- (Randall 2009:181 [ref. 30557]). •Synonym of Gnatholepis cauerensis (Bleeker 1853) -- (Larson & Buckle 2012:5 [ref. 32272]). Current status: Synonym of Gnatholepis cauerensis (Bleeker 1853). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: South Pacific: southeastern Oceania (if valid). Habitat: brackish, marine.

australis, Gobiomorus Shaw [G.] 1803:249 [General zoology or systematic natural history v. 4; ref. 4014] Tahiti, Society Islands. Unneeded new name for Gobius strigatus Broussonet 1782. •Synonym of Valenciennea strigata (Broussonet 1782). Current status: Synonym of Valenciennea strigata (Broussonet 1782). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

australis, Periophthalmus Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:22 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Reposrt and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] North Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:60 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Periophthalmodon freycineti (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Murdy 1989:26 [ref. 13628], Hoese & Larson 2006:1672 [ref. 29097] with author as Valenciennes, Kottelat 2013:418 [ref. 32989] with author Valenciennes). Current status: Synonym of Periophthalmodon freycineti (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

australis, Pleurosicya Larson [H. K.] 1990:11, Fig. 7 [The Beagle, Records of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 16607] Reef at entrance to Haurei Bay, Rapa, Austral Islands [Tubuai Islands], French Polynesia, depth 50-60 feet. Holotype: BPBM 17280. Paratypes: BPBM 13593 (2), 17307 (1). •Valid as Pleurosicya australis Larson 1990 -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3599 [ref. 26293], Greenfield & Randall 2004:536 [ref. 28175]). Current status: Valid as Pleurosicya australis Larson 1990. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: French Polynesia. Habitat: marine.

auxilimentus, Sicyopus Watson [R. E.] & Kottelat [M.] 1994:358, Fig. 5 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 5 (no. 4); ref. 21574] Lagu Lagu Creek at southern margin of Visayan State College of Agriculture, about 2 kilometers from sea, 7 kilometers north of Bay-bay, Leyte Island, Philippines. Holotype: ZRC 38286/CMK 10047. Paratypes: ZRC 38287 [ex. CMK 10015] (1). •Valid as Sicyopus auxilimentus Watson & Kottelat 1994 -- (Watson 1995:267 [ref. 21888], Larson & Murdy 2001:3603 [ref. 26293], Keith et al. 2011:2726 [ref. 31651], Kottelat 2013:429 [ref. 32989], Keith et al. 2015:140 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Sicyopus auxilimentus Watson & Kottelat 1994. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Ryukyu Islands to Philippines [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

avernensis, Gobius Canestrini [G.] 1868:169 [Commentario della Fauna, Flora e Gea del Veneto e del Trentino (Venezia) v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 23072] Arno River, Italy. No types known. •Synonym of Padogobius nigricans (Canestrini 1867) -- (Kottelat 1997:179 [ref. 22952], Miller in Miller 2004:56 [ref. 27853]). Current status: Synonym of Padogobius nigricans (Canestrini 1867). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

avicennia, Vaimosa Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1940:17, Pl. 12 [Bulletin of the Raffles Museum No. 16; ref. 2130] Mangrove swamp drained by Kranji River, Singapore. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 33006. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:118 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Pseudogobius avicennia (Herre 1940) -- (Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:639 [ref. 25122], Larson 2001:202 [ref. 25522], Larson & Murdy 2001:3601 [ref. 26293], Larson et al. 2008:143 [ref. 29532], Kottelat 2013:422 [ref. 32989], Huang et al. 2013:96 [ref. 33734], Huang et al. 2014:112 [ref. 33161], Chen et al. 2014:131 [ref. 33159]). Current status: Valid as Pseudogobius avicennia (Herre 1940). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Singapore, Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

avidori, Zonogobius Goren [M.] 1978:198, Fig. 5 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 59 (nos 3/4); ref. 1851] [10 kilometers south of Eilat] Taba, South Sinai Governorate, Egypt, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Holotype: TAU 6203 [= SMNHTAU]. Paratypes: SMF 13793-94 (1, 1); TAU [= SMNHTAU] 6204-05 (1, 2). •Valid as Zonogobius avidori Goren 1978 -- (Goren 1979:58 [ref. 1852], Dor 1984:252 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Trimma avidori (Goren 1978) -- (Goren & Dor 1994:66 [ref. 25356], Winterbottom 1995:96 [ref. 21961], Winterbottom 2003:12 [ref. 26964], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S119 [ref. 27377], Herler & Hilgers 2005:128 [ref. 28528], Hagiwara & Winterbottom 2007:164 [ref. 29103], Hoese et al. 2015:538 [ref. 33990], Bogorodsky et al. 2016:171 [ref. 34658]). Current status: Valid as Trimma avidori (Goren 1978). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Gulf of Aden (northwestern Indian Ocean) and Red Sea. Habitat: marine.

awaou, Gobius Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:537, 566 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 2; ref. 2709] Tahiti, Society Islands [South Pacific]. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:54 [ref. 19958]. Unnecessary replacement name for Gobius ocellaris Broussonet 1782. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:195, 239 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Awaous ocellaris (Broussonet 1782) -- (Watson 1992:167 [ref. 20016]). Current status: Synonym of Awaous ocellaris (Broussonet 1782). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

axillaris, Gobiodon De Vis [C. W.] 1884:448 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 4); ref. 1089] Banks Group, Vanuatu, southwestern Pacific. No types known. •Valid as Gobiodon axillaris De Vis 1884 -- (Harold & Winterbottom 1995:687 [ref. 21923], Harold & Winterbottom 1999:56 [ref. 23701], Munday et al. 1999:54 [ref. 24284], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3597 [ref. 26293], Randall 2005:536 [ref. 28239], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:350 [ref. 28867], Hoese & Larson 2006:1655 [ref. 29097], Harold et al. 2008:120 [ref. 29450], Larson et al. 2013:199 [32988]). •Synonym of Gobiodon atrangulatus Garman 1903 -- (Suzuku et al. 2012:59 [ref. 32027]). Current status: Valid as Gobiodon axillaris De Vis 1884. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

bacalaus, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:119 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Brazil, Rio de Janeiro; Cayenne; Cuba; Suriname. Syntypes: MNHN A-1260 (2) Brazil, A-1262 (1) Suriname, A-1360 (2) Brazil, A-1361 (1) Cuba, 1825 (1) Cayenne. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:26 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Gobionellus oceanicus (Pallas 1770) -- (Maugé 1986:372 [ref. 6218], Miller 1990:950 [ref. 19376], Pezold 2004:292 [ref. 27686]). Current status: Synonym of Gobionellus oceanicus (Pallas 1770). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bacescui, Pomatoschistus Nalbant [T. T.] & Mayer [R. F.] 1975:237, Pl. 2 (fig. 5) [Travaux du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle "Grigore Antipa" v. 16; ref. 17766] Bagamoyo, about 45 miles north of Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. Holotype (unique): MGAB 359. •Unlikely to be a Pomatoschistus -- (McKay & Miller 1997:1459 [ref. 24951]). •Valid as Papillogobius reichei (Bleeker 1854) -- (Kottelat 2013:416 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Favonigobius reichei (Bleeker 1854). Current status: Synonym of Favonigobius reichei (Bleeker 1854). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

badia, Macgregorella Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:415 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] Ovalau Island, Fiji Islands. Holotype: FMNH 17373. Paratypes: CAS-SU 24431 (1). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:138, 155 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:114 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:54 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Callogobius badia (Herre 1935) -- (Delventhal & Mooi 2013:156 [ref. 32677]). •Synonym of Callogobius hasseltii (Bleeker 1851) -- (Kottelat 2013:404 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Callogobius hasseltii (Bleeker 1851). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Fiji Islands (if valid). Habitat: marine.

badius, Euctenogobius Gill [T. N.] 1859:47 [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 7 (nos 1-3, art. 10); ref. 1754] Amazon River mouth. Holotype (unique): USNM 6091. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:132 [ref. 2676] as probably type. •Synonym of Awaous flavus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Watson & Horsthemke 1995:84 [ref. 21933], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:658 [ref. 27061], Lasso-Alcalá & Lasso 2008:121 [ref. 30588]). Current status: Synonym of Awaous flavus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

baeri, Benthophilus Kessler [K. F.] 1877:52, Pl. 4 (fig. 10) [The Aralo-Caspian Expedition; ref. 2597] Mangyshlak Penninsula, Kazakhstan; southern Caspian Sea, depth 49-266 feet [7-38 Russian fathoms]. Lectotype: ZISP 2239. Paralectotypes: (11) BMNH 1897.7.5.16 [ex St. Petersberg Univ.] (1), SPU 395 [463/410] (1), ZIN 53665 [ex 2239] (4). Lectotype selected y Boldyrev & Bogutskaya 2007:82 [ref. 29150]. •Valid as Benthophilus baeri Kessler 1877 -- (Berg 1949:1118 [ref. 20662], Coad 1995:29 [ref. 23608], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:752 [ref. 24702], Vasil'eva 1998:127 [ref. 23591], Coad 1998:103 [ref. 23869], Vasil'eva 2000:764 [ref. 25083], Pinchuk et al. in Miller 2004:175 [ref. 27853], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:215 [ref. 28183], Boldyrev & Bogutskaya 2007:81 [ref. 29150], Neilson & Stepien 2009:96 [ref. 30487], Esmaeili et al. 2010:376 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:897 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:79 [ref. 35254]). Current status: Valid as Benthophilus baeri Kessler 1877. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Caspian Sea basin, Eurasia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

baitabag, Schismatogobius Keith [P.], Lord [C.] & Larson [H. K.] 2017:59, Figs. 2C, 8 [Cybium v. 41 (no. 1); ref. 35180] Baitabag Village, Nagada River, Madang, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: NTM S13675-011. Paratypes: NTM, WAM. •Valid as Schismatogobius baitabag Keith, Lord & Larson 2017 -- (Keith et al. 2017:210 [ref. 35442]). Current status: Valid as Schismatogobius baitabag Keith, Lord & Larson 2017. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

balearicus, Eleotris Pellegrin [J.] & Fage [L.] 1907:11 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 32; ref. 15168] North of Cabrera Island, Balearic Islands, Spain, depth 60-70 meters. Also appeared in Fage 1907:83, Pl. 6 (figs. 5-6) [ref. 15144]. See Ahnelt 2005:35 [ref. 31458] for status of type specimens. •Valid as Odondebuenia balearica (Pellegrin & Fage 1907) -- (Miller 1973:505 [ref. 6888], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1066 [ref. 13677], Ahnelt et al. 1994:170 [ref. 22330], Ahnelt & Dorda 2004:12 [ref. 27637], Ahnelt 2005:36 [ref. 31458], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:187 [ref. 31737], Kovačić et al. 2012:440 [ref. 32861]). Current status: Valid as Odondebuenia balearica (Pellegrin & Fage 1907). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

balearicus, Gobius Lozano-Rey [L.] 1919:73 [Trabajos del Museo de ciencias Naturales. Serie Zoológica. v. 39; ref. 15217] Mallorca; Mahón, Ibiza, Balearic Islands, Spain, western Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: (4). •Synonym of Gobius ater Bellotti 1888 -- (Miller 1973:484 [ref. 6888], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1036 [ref. 13677], Brito & Miller 2001:262 [ref. 25096]). Current status: Synonym of Gobius ater Bellotti 1888. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

baliensis, Grallenia Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2012:1170, Figs. 1-3 [Reef fishes of the East Indies.; ref. 31980] Tulamben, 8°16.525'S, 115°35.587E, Bali, Indonesia, depth 6-10 meters. Holotype: MZB 20590. Paratypes: BPBM 38650 (1),38816 (4); MZB 20591(8); WAM P.33472-005 (1), 33567-001(6) •Valid as Grallenia baliensis Allen & Erdmann 2012 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2017:45 [ref. 35533]). Current status: Valid as Grallenia baliensis Allen & Erdmann 2012. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Bali to North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

balinense, Sicydium Bleeker [P.] 1856:297 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 12 (no. 2); ref. 355] Boleling, Bali, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 4766 (2). Type information: Roberts 1993:44 [ref. 21799]. Watson 1995:81 [ref. 21675] acts as first reviser selecting Sicydium zosterophorum Bleeker 1856 over Sicydium balinense Bleeker 1856 •Valid as Sicyopus balinense (Bleeker 1856) -- (Allen 1991:196 [ref. 21090], Maugé et al. 1992:228 [ref. 19910]). •Valid as Sicyopus balinensis (Bleeker 1856) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:153 [ref. 23448]). •Synonym of Sicyopus zosterophorum (Bleeker 1856) -- (Watson 1995:87 [ref. 21675], Watson 1999:97 [ref. 24143], Kottelat 2013:429 [ref. 32989], Keith et al. 2015:155 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Synonym of Sicyopus zosterophorum (Bleeker 1856). Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

baliuroides, Gobius Bleeker [P.] 1849:26 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [6]; ref. 319] Sumanap, eastern Madura, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH (apparently lost). Appeared without distinguishing features in list in Bleeker 1849:5 [ref. 320]. •Synonym of Papillogobius reichei (Bleeker 1854) -- (Kottelat 2013:417 [ref. 32989] with question). •Synonym of Favonigobius reichei (Bleeker 1854) with question. Current status: Synonym of Favonigobius reichei (Bleeker 1854). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

baliurus, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:61 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] No locality stated [Java, Indonesia]. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-0733. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:26 [ref. 19958]. Based on a description in manuscript by Kuhl and van Hasselt, and on a specimen. •Valid as Acentrogobius baliurus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Goren & Dor 1994:62 [ref. 25356]). •Valid as Gnatholepis baliurus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Goren 1979:42 [ref. 1852], Dor 1984:245 [ref. 29757], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:638 [ref. 25122] as "Gnatholepis"). •Valid, but genus undetermined -- (Randall & Greenfield 2001:1 [ref. 25675]). •Valid as Isthmogobius baliurus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3598 [ref. 26293], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:186 [ref. 27510]). •Valid as Arcygobius baliurus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Larson & Wright 2003:131 [ref. 27481], Larson et al. 2008:146 [ref. 29532], Allen & Erdmann 2012:959 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:399 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:190 [ref. 34464], Pezold & Larson 2015:6 [ref. 33809], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2015:79 [ref. 34319], Prokofiev 2016:643 [ref. 35020]). Current status: Valid as Arcygobius baliurus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles; Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand to Vietnam, Philippines and Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

balteata, Vaimosa Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:419 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] Majalibit Inlet, Waigio [Waigiu] Island, East Indies. Holotype: FMNH 17386. Paratypes: CAS-SU 24463 (1). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:138, 155 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:118 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:84 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Redigobius balteatus (Herre 1935) -- (Senou & Yano 1991:4 [ref. 24603], Kottelat et al. 1993:151 [ref. 23448], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:640 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1240 [ref. 25182], Larson 2001:205 [ref. 25522], Sakai et al. 2001:116 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3601 [ref. 26293], Allen et al. 2002:283 [ref. 25930], Nakabo 2002:1240 [ref. 26193], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Tan & Lim 2004:111 [ref. 27716], Hoese & Larson 2006:1681 [ref. 29097], Larson 2010:129 [ref. 30783], Larson et al. 2013:207 [ref. 32988],Kottelat 2013:422 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Redigobius balteatus (Herre 1935). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

balteatops, Acentrogobius Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:200, Pl. 9 (fig. G) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 13; ref. 4122] Inhaca, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 206. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] (1) not researched. •Valid as Redigobius balteatops (Smith 1959) -- (Maugé 1986:382 [ref. 6218], Hoese 1986:802 [ref. 5670], Pethiyagoda 1991:247 [ref. 20075]). •Questionably a synonym of Redigobius balteatus (Herre 1935) -- (Larson 2001:205 [ref. 25522]), Current status: Synonym of Redigobius balteatus (Herre 1935). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

banana, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:103 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Santo Domingo. Lectotype: MNHN A-1265. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-1359 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:26 [ref. 19958] as holotype and paratype. Lectotype designated by Watson 1996:3 [ref. 22211]. •Synonym of Awaous tajasica (Lichtenstein 1822) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:438 [ref. 24550]). •Valid as Awaous banana (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Watson 1996:3 [ref. 22211], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:237 [ref. 22947], Bussing 1998:396 [ref. 24179], Musick 2000:18 [ref. 24959], Lim et al. 2002:98 [ref. 28310], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1795 [ref. 27111], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:657 [ref. 27061], Ross & Rhode 2004:302 [ref. 27789], Nelson et al. 2004:169 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:668 [ref. 28815], Lasso-Alcalá & Lasso 2008:126 [ref. 30588], Scharpf 2009:13 [ref. 30400], Matamoros et al. 2009:24 [ref. 31241], Page & Burr 2011:617 [ref. 31215], Van Tassell 2011:142 [ref. 31732], McMahan et al. 2013:453 [ref. 32422], Lindstrom et al. 2012:296 [ref. 32536], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Phillip et al. 2013:24 [ref. 32896], Angulo et al. 2013:1007 [ref. 33194], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:75 [ref. 33341], Walsh & Chakrabarty 2016:515 [ref. 34497]). Current status: Valid as Awaous banana (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic [also eastern Pacific if transandeanus (Günther 1861) is included]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bandama, Parasicydium Risch [L.] 1980:128, Figs. 1-3 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 94 (no. 1); ref. 3754] Bandama River at Tiassalé, Ivory Coast. Holotype: MNHN 1979-0152. Paratypes: MNHN 1989-1847 (3), MRAC 80-48-P-1-2 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:42 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Lentipes bandama (Risch 1980) -- (Allen 1997:39 [ref. 22875], Allen 2001:123 [ref. 25303], Watson et al. 2002:176 [ref. 26364]). •Valid as Parasicydium bandama Risch 1980 -- (Maugé 1986:380 [ref. 6218], Harrison & Miller in Lévêque et al. 1992:806 [ref. 21590], Harrison 1993:218 [ref. 22083], Pezold et al. 2006:976 [ref. 28916], Harrison et al. 2007:515 [ref. 30083], Schliewen 2011:211 [ref. 31738], Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2841 [ref. 34618], Pezold et al. 2016:107 [ref. 34870]). Current status: Valid as Parasicydium bandama Risch 1980. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Western Africa. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

barbarae, Aprolepis Hubbs [C. L.] 1921:2 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 99; ref. 2229] Small muddy tidal slough, El Estero, near Carpenteria, Santa Barbara County, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): UMMZ 55054. •Synonym of Gillichthys mirabilis Cooper 1864. Current status: Synonym of Gillichthys mirabilis Cooper 1864. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

barbarus, Gobius Linnaeus [C.] 1766:450 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Liberia. Neotype: AMNH 32777. Neotype designated by Murdy 1989:35 [ref. 13628]. •Synonym of Periophthalmus cantonensis (Osbeck 1765) -- (Wu in Pan et al. 1991:502 [ref. 23876]). •Valid as Periophthalmus barbarus (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Murdy 1989:35 [ref. 13628], Harrison & Miller in Lévêque et al. 1992:801 [ref. 21590], Afonso et al. 1999:86 [ref. 25466], Larson & Takita 2004:184 [ref. 28075], Harrison et al. 2007:497 [ref. 30083], Jaafar & Larson 2008:952 [ref. 29863], Murdy 2011:105 [ref. 31728], Schliewen 2011:212 [ref. 31738], Félix et al. 2016:D [4] [ref. 34346], Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2843 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Periophthalmus barbarus (Linnaeus 1766). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Distribution: Western Africa: Morocco to Angola and Gulf of Guinea islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

barbatus, Rhinogobius Tomiyama [I.] 1934:325, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Faculty of Science, University of Tokyo Section IV Zoology v. 3 (pt 3); ref. 15749] Ariake Sound, western Kyushu, Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 26303. Paratypes: ZUMT 26329 (1), 57515-17 (3). •Valid as Heteroplopomus barbatus (Tomiyama 1934) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:267 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1204 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:120 [ref. 25868], Shimizu 2001:39 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:1204 [ref. 26193], Matsui et al. 2014:8 [ref. 33344], Suzuki et al. 2017:81 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Valid as Heteroplopomus barbatus (Tomiyama 1934). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

barbatus, Triaenophorichthys Günther [A.] 1861:90 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] China. Syntypes: (4) BMNH 1851.12.27.101 (1), 1851.12.27.269 (1), 1855.9.19.1429 (1). •Valid as Triaenopogon barbatus (Günther 1861) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:350 [ref. 7348], Zheng 1989:355 [ref. 21202], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:454 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:177 [ref. 25213], Cheng & Zhou 1997:368 [ref. 26385], Wang et al. 2001:276 [ref. 26566]). •Valid as Tridentiger barbatus (Günther 1861) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:271 [ref. 6441], Lin et al. 1994:175 [ref. 21512], Fuller et al. 1999:463 [ref. 25838], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:640 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1258 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1258 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:400, 665 [ref. 26218], Greiner 2002:68 [ref. 26780], Nelson et al. 2004:173 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:179 [ref. 32708], Cui et al. 2013:188 [ref. 32726]). Current status: Valid as Tridentiger barbatus (Günther 1861). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific, eastern Asia; introduction in San Francisco Bay, California. Habitat: brackish.

barnardi, Ctenotrypauchen Hora [S. L.] 1926:221, Figs. 1-2 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 28 (pt 4); ref. 15591] Off south head of Tugela River, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, depth 12-14 fathoms. Holotype: SAM 13076. Paratypes: BMNH 1927.12.6.54 [ex SAM] (1), 1930.1.14.9-10 [ex SAM] (2); SAM 29212 (1); ZSI F10753/1 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:153 [ref. 20743] as banardi. See Das 2003:376 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Ctenotrypauchen microcephalus (Bleeker 1860) -- (Maugé 1986:366 [ref. 6218]). •Synonym of Trypauchen microcephalus Bleeker 1860 -- (Hoese 1986:805 [ref. 5670]). •Synonym of Paratrypauchen microcephalus (Bleeker 1860) -- (Murdy 2008:118 [ref. 29751], Kottelat 2013:433 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Paratrypauchen microcephalus (Bleeker 1860). Gobiidae: Amblyopinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

barralli, Trimma Winterbottom [R.] 1995:93, Figs. 1-2 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 22 (nos 3-4); ref. 21961] Ras Abu Galum, Egypt, Red Sea. Holotype: ROM 68980. Paratypes: BPBM 17885 (1), 19716 (3); MNHN 1966-0142 (2); ROM 1595CS (1, c&s), 68981 (4); TAU [= SMNHTAU] 10077 (1). •Valid as Trimma barralli Winterbottom 1995 -- (Hagiwara & Winterbottom 2007:164 [ref. 29103], Hoese et al. 2015:538 [ref. 33990], Bogorodsky et al. 2016:171 [ref. 34658]). Current status: Valid as Trimma barralli Winterbottom 1995. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

barreto, Gobioides Poey [F.] 1860:282 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Syntypes and/or Poey specimens: MCZ 13246 (1), ZMB 5940 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:216 [ref. 22926] with MCZ 13246 as holotype; Murdy 1998:129 [ref. 23380] regards MCZ 13246 as holotype). •Synonym of Gobioides broussonnetii Lacepède 1800 -- (Murdy 1998:129 [ref. 23380] as broussoneti, Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:660 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Gobioides broussonnetii Lacepède 1800. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bassensis, Gobius Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:123 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Melbourne market, Victoria, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1106. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:26 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Arenigobius bifrenatus (Kner 1865) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:784 [ref. 22532], Hoese & Larson 2006:1623 [ref. 29097]). Current status: Synonym of Arenigobius bifrenatus (Kner 1865). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bathi, Pomatoschistus Miller [P. J.] 1982:6, Figs. 1-2 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 62 (nos 1/3) (1981); ref. 8439] Erdek, Bandırma, Turkey, Sea of Marmara (Mediterranean Sea). Holotype: SMF 16431. Paratypes: Bath coll. (1, 1); BMNH 1981.8.4.1-2 (2); SMF 16432-35 (1, 1, 1, 1). Additional material in Bath coll. •Valid as Pomatoschistus bathi Miller 1982 -- (Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1069 [ref. 13677], Kottelat 1997:180 [ref. 22952], McKay & Miller 1997:1464 [ref. 24951], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:135 [ref. 26753], Pinchuk & Miller in Miller 2004:282 [ref. 27853], Vasil'eva & Bogorodskii 2004:606 [ref. 27868], Fricke et al. 2007:107 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:586 [ref. 29996], Vasil'eva 2007:169 [ref. 30517], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:187 [ref. 31737], Parin et al. 2014:495 [ref. 33547], Engin & Innal 2017:6 [ref. 35516]). Current status: Valid as Pomatoschistus bathi Miller 1982. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bathum, Trimma Winterbottom [R.] 2017:560, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 4269 (no. 4); ref. 35329] Fiji, Viti Levu, Suva, outer reef, S of "Fish Patch" southern wall, vertical reef drop-off, 18.16°S, 178.40°E, depth 52.5 meters. Holotype: ROM 101384 (ex BPBM 40009). Paratypes: BPBM, ROM. •Valid as Trimma bathum Winterbottom 2017. Current status: Valid as Trimma bathum Winterbottom 2017. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Fiji Islands. Habitat: marine.

bathybius, Gobius Kessler [K. F.] 1877:17, Pl. 1 (fig. 3) [The Aralo-Caspian Expedition; ref. 2597] Svinoi Island, south of Baky, Caspian Sea, Azerbaijan, 756 feet [108 Russian fathoms]. Holotype (unique): No types at ZIN. •Valid as Chasar bathybius (Kessler 1877) -- (Pinchuk et al. in Miller 2004:97 [ref. 27853]). •Valid as Neogobius bathybius (Kessler 1877) -- (Berg 1949:1094 [ref. 20662], Coad 1995:31 [ref. 23608], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:755 [ref. 24702], Vasil'eva 1996:448 [ref. 24650], Vasil'eva 1998:137 [ref. 23591], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:228 [ref. 28183], Esmaeili et al. 2010:377 [ref. 33391]). •Valid as Ponticola bathybius (Kessler 1877) -- (Neilson & Stepien 2009:97 [ref. 30487], Freyhof 2011:286 [ref. 31742], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:899 [ref. 34062], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:899 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:84 [ref. 35254]). Current status: Valid as Ponticola bathybius (Kessler 1877). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Caspian Sea basin; introduced in Aral Sea, Eurasia. Habitat: brackish.

bato, Gobius Hamilton [F.] 1822:40, Pl. 37 (fig. 10) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Ganges River estuaries, India. No types known. •Valid as Apocryptes bato (Hamilton 1822) -- (Murdy 1989:7 [ref. 13628], Ataur Rahman 1989:292 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:951 [ref. 20764], Khan 2003:10 [ref. 27710], Ataur Rahman 2003:318 [ref. 31338], Murdy 2011:104 [ref. 31728], Kottelat 2013:399 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Apocryptes bato (Hamilton 1822). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

batoides, Apocryptes Day [F.] 1876:301, Pl. 66 (fig. 3) [The fishes of India Part 2; ref. 1081] Moulmein, Myanmar. Holotype (unique) (?): ZSI F2014. Day specimens: BMNH 1889.2.1.3472 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762]. •Valid as Parapocryptes batoides (Day 1876) -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:293 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:957 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Apocryptes bato (Hamilton 1822) -- (Murdy 1989:7 [ref. 13628], Ataur Rahman 2003:319 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2013:399 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Apocryptes bato (Hamilton 1822). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

batrachocephalus, Gobius Pallas [P. S.] 1814:149 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Black Sea near Chersonesus [Kherson] and Balaklava, Crimea, Ukraine. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. See Coad 1995:30 [ref. 23608]. •Valid as Mesogobius batrachocephalus (Pallas 1814) -- (Berg 1949:1096 [ref. 20662], Miller 1973:501 [ref. 6888], Pinchuk 1977:595 [ref. 8999], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1055 [ref. 13677], Kottelat 1997:178 [ref. 22952], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:755 [ref. 24702], Vasil'eva 1998:136 [ref. 23591] with question in genus, Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:133 [ref. 26753], Vasil'eva 2003:S48 [ref. 28444], Pinchuk et al. in Miller 2004:109 [ref. 27853], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:226 [ref. 28183], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:182 [ref. 28369], Fricke et al. 2007:105 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:573 [ref. 29996], Vasil'eva 2007:160 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:172 [ref. 31251], Neilson & Stepien 2009:97 [ref. 30487], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:187 [ref. 31737], Freyhof 2011:284 [ref. 31742], Psomadakis et al. 2012:17 [ref. 33457], Parin et al. 2014:491 [ref. 33547], Çiçek et al. 2015:152 [ref. 35151]). Current status: Valid as Mesogobius batrachocephalus (Pallas 1814). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Europe: Black Sea and Sea of Azov basins. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

batrachodes, Psilotris Böhlke [J. E.] 1963:6, Fig. 2 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 362; ref. 4212] Sandy Cay (Nassau vicinity), Bahamas, depth to 20 feet. Holotype: ANSP 98416. Paratypes: ANSP 98417 (2), 98418 (1, c&s), 98419-26 (5, 1, 2, 1, 5, 2, 1, 2); UF 209460 [ex UMML 9460] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:105 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Psilotris batrachodes Böhlke 1963 -- (Greenfield et al. 1993:183 [ref. 20313], Greenfield 1993:773 [ref. 21015], Smith & Baldwin 1999:438 [ref. 24419], Rüber et al. 2003:1598 [ref. 26969], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1794 [ref. 27111], Smith et al. 2003:64 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:173 [ref. 27807], Van Tassell 2011:155 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:178 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Cryptopsilotris batrachodes (Böhlke 1963) -- (Tornabene et al. 2016:13 [ref. 34435]). Current status: Valid as Cryptopsilotris batrachodes (Böhlke 1963). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

bauchotae, Callogobius Goren [M.] 1979:42, Fig. 1 [Cybium 3e série. Bulletin de la Société Française d'Ichtyologie No. 7; ref. 8828] Off south end of Eniwetak Island, Marshall Islands, depth 10-30 meters. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1976-0184. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:20 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Callogobius bauchotae Goren 1979 -- (Goren et al. 1991:299 [ref. 19765], Myers 1999:247 [ref. 23965], Chen & Shao 2000:459 [ref. 24425], Larson & Murdy 2001:3595 [ref. 26293], Delventhal & Mooi 2013:156 [ref. 32677]). Current status: Valid as Callogobius bauchotae Goren 1979. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

bayamonensis, Gobius Evermann [B. W.] & Marsh [M. C.] 1899:355 [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner v. 25 (for 1899) Appendix 7; ref. 1283] San Juan market, Puerto Rico (probably from near the mouth of Bayamon River at Palo Seco). Holotype (unique): USNM 49365. •Synonym of Gobionellus oceanicus (Pallas 1770) -- (Maugé 1986:372 [ref. 6218], Miller 1990:950 [ref. 19376], Pezold 2004:292 [ref. 27686]). Current status: Synonym of Gobionellus oceanicus (Pallas 1770). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bazebrata, Gobius depressus var. Ninni [A. P.] 1938:20 [Memoria, Comitato Talassografico Italiano No. 242; ref. 18478] Not available, apparently in error for zebrata of Kolombatovic. Gobiidae.

beauforti, Gobius Weber [M.] 1907:261 [Süsswasserfische von Neu-Guinea v. 5 (Zool.) pt 2; ref. 4599] Klipong River and Mamapiri Creek, northern New Guinea. Syntypes: (4) ?RMNH 14357 (1), ZMA 110943 (1) Klipong R., 110944 (2) Mamapiri Creek. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:98 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Stenogobius beauforti (Weber 1907) -- (Allen 1991:197 [ref. 21090], Watson 1991:648 [ref. 19908], Larson & Murdy 2001:3601 [ref. 26293] dated 1908, Keith & Marquet 2006:141 [ref. 28956] in subgenus Insularigobius and dated 1908, Fricke et al. 2014:172 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Stenogobius beauforti (Weber 1907). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

beccarii, Gobius Perugia [A.] 1892:1010 [2] [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 12; ref. 3432] Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Syntypes: MSNG 12656 (16). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:342 [ref. 10350]. On p. 1 of separate. •Questionably a synonym of Stigmatogobius borneensis (Bleeker 1851) -- (Larson 2001:209 [ref. 25522]). •Questionably a synonym of Stigmatogobius sella (Steindachner 1881) -- (Larson 2001:211 [ref. 25522]). •Synonym of Stigmatogobius sella (Steindachner 1881) -- (Larson 2005:363 [ref. 28521], Kottelat 2013:430 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Stigmatogobius sella (Steindachner 1881). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

bedfordi, Ctenogobius Regan [C. T.] 1908:62, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1908 (pt 1) (art. 3) (for 4 Feb. 1908); ref. 14334] Chong-ju, South Korea. Syntypes: BMNH 1907.12.30.42-46 (2, plus smaller non-types). •Synonym of Rhinogobius similis (Gill 1859) -- (Okada 1961:659 [ref. 6363]). •Synonym of Rhinogobius brunneus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Kim 1997:584 [ref. 24032], Vasil'eva 1998:146 [ref. 23591], Youn 2002:664 [ref. 26218], Kottelat 2013:424 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Rhinogobius bedfordi (Regan 1908) -- (Takahashi & Okazaki 2017:[3] [ref. 35171], Suzuki et al. 2017:80 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Valid as Rhinogobius bedfordi (Regan 1908). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Korea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

belissimus, Acentrogobius Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:202, Pl. 11 (fig. A) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 13; ref. 4122] Pinda, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 277. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 969 (1). Spelled belissimus in text, key and index but as bellissimus in plate (spelling on plate regarded as in error); first reviser not researched. •Valid as Acentrogobius belissimus Smith 1959 -- (Dor 1984:237 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Exyrias belissimus (Smith 1959) -- (Goren & Dor 1994:64 [ref. 25356], Kuiter 1997:350 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:401 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:255 [ref. 23965], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:637 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:120 [ref. 25868], Larson & Murdy 2001:3597 [ref. 26293], Allen & Adrim 2003:58 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:644 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:182 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:27 [ref. 27624] as Exyrius, Allen & Erdmann 2012:968 [ref. 31980]). •Valid as Exyrias bellissimus (Smith 1959) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:250 [ref. 6441], Murdy 1985:4 [ref. 19200], Randall et al. 1990:401 [ref. 15987], Anderson et al. 1998:27 [ref. 23611], Allen 1997:220 [ref. 23977], Nakabo 2000:1211 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:69 [ref. 25191], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:411 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:1211 [ref. 26193], Randall 2005:535 [ref. 28239], Allen & Randall 2005:231 [ref. 28537], Hoese & Larson 2006:1648 [ref. 29097], Larson et al. 2008:148 [ref. 29532], Shibukawa 2009:273 [ref. 30449], Larson et al. 2013:197 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:164 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:91 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Exyrias belissimus (Smith 1959). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Solomon Islands and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

bella, Valenciennea Hoese [D. F.] & Larson [H. K.] 1994:15, Pl. 1B [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 23; ref. 12483] Sesoko Island, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, depth 28 meters. Holotype: BPBM 20808. Paratypes: AMS I.24821-001 [ex BPBM 20806] (1); BPBM 20805 (1), 10807 (1); URM 8127 (1); USNM 264411 (1). •Valid as Valenciennea bella Hoese & Larson 1994 -- (Howe 1998:48 [ref. 25505], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:640 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1171 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:121 [ref. 25868], Larson & Murdy 2001:3600 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1171 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:60 [ref. 26830], Suzuki et al. 2011:61 [ref. 31568], Allen & Erdmann 2012:986 [ref. 31980], Suzuki et al. 2016:2 [ref. 34434]). Current status: Valid as Valenciennea bella Hoese & Larson 1994. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indonesia, Philippines, and Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

bella, Vanderhorstia Greenfield [D. W.] & Longenecker [K. R.] 2005:619, Figs. 1-4 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 56 (no. 32); ref. 28487] Bay of Islands, 17°10.692'S, 179°00.887', Vanua Balavu Island, Northern Lau Group, Fiji, depth 8.3 meters. Holotype (unique): CAS 222208. •Valid as Vanderhorstia bella Greenfield & Longenecker 2005 -- (Randall 2007:90 [ref. 29222], Suzuki & Chen 2014:207 [ref. 33152]). Current status: Valid as Vanderhorstia bella Greenfield & Longenecker 2005. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Fiji. Habitat: marine.

bellendenensis, Glossogobius Hoese [D. F.] & Allen [G. R.] 2009:7, Figs. 5-8a [Zootaxa No. 1981; ref. 29998] Eubenagee Swamp, near Innisfail, 17°24'S, 145°58'E, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.22715-004. Paratypes: many at AMS, QM, WAM. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Glossogobius bellendenensis Hoese & Allen 2009 -- (Hoese et al. 2017:192 [ref. 35452]). Current status: Valid as Glossogobius bellendenensis Hoese & Allen 2009. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Near Cairns, northeastern Queensland, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

bellicauda, Amblyeleotris Randall [J. E.] 2004:71, Figs. 7-8 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 8 (no. 2); ref. 27612] Outside barrier reef off Tenia Island, 22°01'01"S, 165°55'05"E, New Caledonia, depth 3 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 34318. •Valid as Amblyeleotris bellicauda Randall 2004 -- (Randall 2005:512 [ref. 28239], Chen et al. 2006:2565 [ref. 29024]). Current status: Valid as Amblyeleotris bellicauda Randall 2004. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

belloides, Vanderhorstia Randall [J. E.] 2007:96, Fig. 4 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 29222] Tab Island (Pig Island), 5°10.3'S, 145°50.7'E, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea, depth 21 meters. Holotype: BPBM 32550. Paratypes: BPBM 40479 (1). •Valid as Vanderhorstia belloides Randall 2007 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:888 [ref. 31980], Suzuki & Chen 2014:207 [ref. 33152], Fricke et al. 2014:177 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Vanderhorstia belloides Randall 2007. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

belosso, Gobius Bleeker [P.] 1854:316 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 16935] Tjiringin, Banten Province, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4543 (156 mm TL spec. of 6). •Synonym of Oxyurichthys papuensis (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Maugé 1986:379 [ref. 6218], Kottelat 2013:416 [ref. 32989], Pezold & Larson 2015:5, 57 [ref. 33894]). Current status: Synonym of Oxyurichthys papuensis (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

benjamini, Trimma Winterbottom [R.] 1996:57, Figs. 1-4 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 23 (nos 1-2); ref. 22223] Siquijor Island, Tonga Point, 9°12'17"N, 123°27'14"E, Philippines. Holotype: ROM 53038. Paratypes: LACM 42491-70 (1); ROM 49008 (1), 49226-28 (2, 3, 17), 53025-37 (2, 4, 2, 11, 7, 8, 4, 3, 10, 36, 26, 4, 35), 53219 (76), 1309CS (5), 69533 (4); USNM 26490 (10), 264696 (5). •Valid as Trimma benjamini Winterbottom 1996 -- (Randall et al. 1997:409 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:259 [ref. 23965], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:640 [ref. 25122], Larson & Murdy 2001:3600 [ref. 26293], Allen & Adrim 2003:60 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:645 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:191 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:28 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:552 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Larson 2006:1688 [ref. 29097], Hagiwara & Winterbottom 2007:164 [ref. 29103], Winterbottom & Southcott 2007:75 [ref. 29375], Winterbottom et al. 2011:295 [ref. 31396], Allen & Erdmann 2012:935 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:173 [ref. 33932], Winterbottom & Hoese 2015:14 [ref. 33709], Suzuki et al. 2015:67 [ref. 33746], Hoese et al. 2015:539 [ref. 33990]). Current status: Valid as Trimma benjamini Winterbottom 1996. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: east Indian region to Tonga and Samoa, north to Philippines, south to Australia and Lord Howe Island. Habitat: marine.

benthonis, Chriolepis Ginsburg [I.] 1953:22 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 43 (no. 1); ref. 1806] Off Progreso, Yucatán, Mexico, 23°13'N, 89°10'W, depth 84 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 47641. •Valid as Chriolepis benthonis Ginsburg 1953 -- (Hastings & Bortone 1981:435 [ref. 5246], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1793 [ref. 27111], Nelson et al. 2004:170 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:677 [ref. 28815], Van Tassell 2011:151 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:175 [ref. 32708], Hastings & Findley 2013:599 [ref. 33007], Hastings & Findley 2015:594 [ref. 33639]). •Valid as Varicus benthonis (Ginsburg 1953) -- (Tornabene et al. 2016:13 [ref. 34435]). Current status: Valid as Varicus benthonis (Ginsburg 1953). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

bentuviai, Lobulogobius Goren [M.] 1984:78, Figs. 4a-c [Cybium v. 8 (no. 1); ref. 8221] Marsa Barecha, southern Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Red Sea [ca. 27°47'N 34°13'E]. Holotype: TAU 6477 [= SMNHTAU]. Paratypes: TAU [= SMNHTAU] 6419 (5). •Synonym of Bryaninops ridens Smith 1959 -- (Suzuki et al. 2012:13 [ref. 31776]). Current status: Synonym of Bryaninops ridens Smith 1959. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

bentuvii, Didogobius Miller [P. J.] 1966:162, Fig. 1; Pls. 4-5 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 13) v. 8 (no. 87) (for 1965); ref. 3009] Off the mouth of Rubin River, 31°55'N, 34°42'E, Israel, eastern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1965.2.1.1. •Valid as Didogobius bentuvii Miller 1966 -- (Miller 1973:495 [ref. 6888], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1033 [ref. 13677], Ahnelt & Patzner 1995:102 [ref. 21629], Ballesta et al. 1998:290 [ref. 23581], Schliewen & Kovačić 2008:254 [ref. 29882], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:185 [ref. 31737],,van Tassell & Kramer 2014:460 [ref. 33301]). Current status: Valid as Didogobius bentuvii Miller 1966. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

bequaerti, Gobius Fowler [H. W.] 1923:4 [American Museum Novitates No. 103; ref. 1399] Mouth of the Congo River, western Africa. Holotype (unique): AMNH 8283 (not seen in 1996). •Synonym of Yongeichthys thomasi (Boulenger 1916) -- (Maugé 1986:38 [ref. 6218], Miller 1990:950 [ref. 19376]). Current status: Synonym of Yongeichthys thomasi (Boulenger 1916). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bergi, Hyrcanogobius Iljin [B. S.] 1928:44, Figs. 7-11 [Trudy Astrakhanskoi nauchnoi rybokhoziaistvennoi stantsii = Reports of the Astrakhan Scientific Fishery Station v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 2296] Northern Caspian Sea, near mouths of rivers Volga, Ural, and Emba, Russia and Kazakhstan. Syntypes: (many) ZIN 25417 (5) Volga. Based in part on Gobius longecaudatus var. c of Kessler 1877. •Valid as Knipowitschia bergi (Iljin 1928) -- (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:567 [ref. 29996]). •Valid as Hyrcanogobius bergi Iljin 1928 -- (Berg 1949:1069 [ref. 20662], Coad 1995:30 [ref. 23608], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:754 [ref. 24702], Vasil'eva 1998:135 [ref. 23591], Miller & Pinchuk in Miller 2004:432 [ref. 27853], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:220 [ref. 28183], Esmaeili et al. 2010:377 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:898 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:82 [ref. 35254]). Current status: Valid as Hyrcanogobius bergi Iljin 1928. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Caspian Sea basin, Eurasia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bergi, Rhinogobius Lindberg [G. U.] 1936:402, Figs. 7-10 [Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta, Akademii Nauk SSSR v. 3; ref. 13713] Maihe River, Peter the Great basin, Primorye, Russia. Holotype (unique): ZIN 25067. •Synonym of Rhinogobius similis Gill 1859 -- (Berg 1949:1077 [ref. 20662]). •Synonym of Rhinogobius brunneus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Vasil'eva 1998:146 [ref. 23591], Vasil'eva 2003:S53 [ref. 28444]). •Synonym of Rhinogobius sowerbyi Ginsburg 1917 -- (Valil'eva 2007:696 [ref. 29425], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:353 [ref. 30085] with question, Parin et al. 2014:504 [ref. 33547], Suzuki et al. 2017:81 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Synonym of Rhinogobius sowerbyi Ginsburg 1917. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bernadoui, Coryphopterus Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1905:207, Fig. 9 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 28 (no. 1391); ref. 2530] Probably Korea. Holotype (unique): USNM 51499. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:130 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Gobius caninus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:356 [ref. 7348]). •Synonym of Acentrogobius caninus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:397 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Acentrogobius caninus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bibarbatus, Gobius von Bonde [C.] 1923:28, Pl. 6 [Report Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa Rep. 3 (art. 1); ref. 521] Off Saldanha Bay, South Africa, southeastern Atlantic, Pickle station 312, depth 50 fathoms. Syntypes: (several) BMNH 1927.12.6.46-49 [ex SAM] (4), SAM (none found in 1995). •Valid as Sufflogobius bibarbatus (von Bonde 1923) -- (Hoese 1986:804 [ref. 5670], Miller 1990:947 [ref. 19376], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:168 [ref. 25472], Schliewen 2011:220 [ref. 31738], Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2841 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Sufflogobius bibarbatus (von Bonde 1923). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Southern Africa: Namibia to Cape of Good Hope. Habitat: marine.

bicirrhosus, Gobius Weber [M.] 1894:412 [Zoologische Ergebnisse einer Reise in Niederländisch Ost-Indien v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 14569] Maros River, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: (10) ZMA 110979 (8). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:98 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Illana bicirrhosus (Weber 1894) -- (Wu in Pan et al. 1991:460 [ref. 23876]). •Valid as Glossogobius bicirrhosus (Weber 1894) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:274 [ref. 6441], Allen 1991:179 [ref. 21090], Kottelat et al. 1993:145 [ref. 23448], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:637 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1201 [ref. 25182], Larson & Murdy 2001:3597 [ref. 26293], Sakai et al. 2001:112 [ref. 25693], Allen et al. 2002:277 [ref. 25930], Nakabo 2002:1201 [ref. 26193], Hoese & Larson 2006:1653 [ref. 29097], Hoese & Allen 2012:269 [ref. 31974], Kottelat 2013:407 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:165 [ref. 33932], Hoese et al. 2015:18 [ref. 33684], Hoese & Allen 2015:214 [ref. 33880]). Current status: Valid as Glossogobius bicirrhosus (Weber 1894). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

bicolor, Evermannichthys Thacker [C. E.] 2001:2, Fig. 1 [Contributions in Science (Los Angeles) No. 490; ref. 25217] Off the western side of Navassa Island, just north of Lulu Bay, 18°24.18'N, 75°1.67'W, Caribbean Sea, depth 27-30 meters. Holotype: LACM 54100-3. Paratypes: ANSP 11376 (1), 110893-94 (1, 1). •Valid as Evermannichthys bicolor Thacker 2001 -- (Collette et al. 2003:122 [ref. 26784], Van Tassell 2011:153 [ref. 31732]). Current status: Valid as Evermannichthys bicolor Thacker 2001. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

bicolor, Gobius Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1197 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Based on 'Gobius No. 41 of Brünnich 1768:30 [ref. 17290]. See also Gobius nigellus Bonnaterre 1788. •Synonym of Gobius paganellus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Miller 1973:487 [ref. 6888], Miller 1990:936 [ref. 19376]). Current status: Synonym of Gobius paganellus Linnaeus 1758. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bifasciata, Eviota Lachner [E. A.] & Karnella [S. J.] 1980:108, Figs. 62-64 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 315; ref. 6916] Palawan Province, Philippines, 10°52'30"N, 120°56'00"E, depth 0-45 feet. Holotype: USNM 219276. Paratypes: AMS I.20794-001 (2), I.20800-001 (6); ANSP 141129 (2); CAS 43547 (8); USNM 209638 (14, now 13), 210148 (1), 210248 (5), 219272-73 (4, 18), 219275-77 (14, 1, 1), 219668-70 (65, 12, 2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:105 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Eviota bifasciata Lachner & Karnella 1980 -- (Yoshino & Shimada in Masuda et al. 1984:244 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:400 [ref. 15987], Randall 1997:4 [ref. 24375], Kuiter 1997:358 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:400 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:253 [ref. 23965], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:637 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1182 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:119 [ref. 25868], Allen 2001:127 [ref. 25671], Larson & Murdy 2001:3596 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1182 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:58 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:181 [ref. 27510], Hoese & Larson 2006:1643 [ref. 29097], Greenfield & Randall 2010:276 [ref. 30765], Greenfield & Randall 2011:64 [ref. 31475], Allen & Erdmann 2012:913 [ref. 31980], Greenfield et al. 2014:3 [ref. 33111], Greenfield & Tornabene 2014:139 [ref. 33294], Fricke et al. 2014:162 [ref. 33932], Tornabene et al. 2016:1825 [ref. 34439], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:82 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota bifasciata Lachner & Karnella 1980. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean and western Pacific: Indonesia, east to Palau and Solomon Islands, north to Philippines, south to Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

bifasciatus, Mucogobius Smith [J. L. B.] 1958:146, Fig. 7 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 11; ref. 4118] Pemba Island, off Tanzania, western Indian Ocean, depth 6 fathoms. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 235. •Valid as Callogobius bifasciatus (Smith 1958) -- (Randall et al. 1994:240 [ref. 21645], Randall 1995:330 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:213 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Heemstra et al. 2004:3328 [ref. 27945], Delventhal & Mooi 2013:156 [ref. 32677], Delventhal & Mooi 2014:572 [ref. 33168], Delventhal & Mooi 2014:146 [ref. 33337]). Current status: Valid as Callogobius bifasciatus (Smith 1958). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: South Africa to Persian Gulf. Habitat: marine.

bifasciatus, Tridentiger Steindachner [F.] 1881:190 [12], Pl. 7 (figs. 2, 2a) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 83 (1. Abth.); ref. 4231] Strielok Bay, Sea of Japan near Vladivostock, Japan Sea. Holotype (unique): NMW 76205. On p. 12 of separate. •Synonym of Tridentiger trigonocephalus (Gill 1859) -- (Berg 1949:1103 [ref. 20662], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:348 [ref. 7348], Vasil'eva 1998:148 [ref. 23591]). •Valid as Tridentiger bifasciatus Steindachner 1881 -- (Akihito & Sakamoto 1989:106 [ref. 14124], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:608 [ref. 25598], Kim 1997:455 [ref. 24032], Sato et al. 1998:43 [ref. 24972], Fuller et al. 1999:463 [ref. 25838], Nakabo 2000:1256 [ref. 25182], Wang et al. 2001:275 [ref. 26566], Pietsch et al. 2001:146 [ref. 25688], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:47 [ref. 26178], Kim & Park 2002:378 [ref. 25913], Nakabo 2002:1257 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:400, 666 [ref. 26218], Moyle 2002:437 [ref. 26449], Vasil'eva 2003:S53 [ref. 28444], Kim et al. 2004:56 [ref. 27747], Nelson et al. 2004:173 [ref. 27807], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:235 [ref. 28183], Scharpf 2009:14 [ref. 30400], Page & Burr 2011:618 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:179 [ref. 32708], Cui et al. 2013:188 [ref. 32726], Matsui et al. 2014:7 [ref. 33344], Parin et al. 2014:505 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:193 [ref. 35257] with question). Current status: Valid as Tridentiger bifasciatus Steindachner 1881. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: China, Korea, Japan and Russia; introduced or invaded elsewhere, including California (U.S.A.). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bifrenatus, Gobius Kner [R.] 1865:177, Pl. 7 (fig. 3) [Reise der öesterreichischen Fregatte "Novara" v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 18427] Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: NMW 20592 (1), 57208 (3). Also appeared in Kner 1865 (May 18):502, Pl. 7 (fig. 3) [ref. 4928], earliest not established. •Valid as Amoya bifrenatus (Kner 1865) -- (Larson & Hoese in McDowall 1996:226 [ref. 22909]). •Valid as Acentrogobius bifrenatus (Kner 1956 [sic]) -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3594 [ref. 26293], Francis et al. 2003:105 [ref. 27058], Francis et al. 2004:678 [ref. 27965]). •Valid as Arenigobius bifrenatus (Kner 1865) -- (Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:144 [ref. 25473], Kuiter 1993:359 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:783 [ref. 22532], Willis et al. 1999:189 [ref. 24629], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Larson 2006:1623 [ref. 29097], Hoese & Larson 2008:753 [ref. 30660], Larson 2011:237, 239 [ref. 31740], Hoese 2015:1576 [ref. 34304]). Current status: Valid as Arenigobius bifrenatus (Kner 1865). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Australia (southern Queensland to Western Australia) and New Zealand (introduced). Habitat: brackish, marine.

biguttata, Amblyeleotris Randall [J. E.] 2004:66, Fig. 4 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 8 (no. 2); ref. 27612] 7 miles west of Honiara, adjacent to the wreck of a Japanese transport ship, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, western Pacific, depth 35 meters. Holotype: BPBM 38362. Paratypes: BPBM 22549 (1), MNHN 2003-2026 (1), USNM 374773 (1). •Valid as Amblyeleotris biguttata Randall 2004 -- (Randall 2005:512 [ref. 28239], Senou & Aonuma 2007:106 [ref. 29109], Chen et al. 2006:2566 [ref. 29024], Allen & Erdmann 2012:862 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Amblyeleotris biguttata Randall 2004. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: New Caledonia and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

bikolana, Vaimosa Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:151, Pl. 11 (fig. 2) [Monographs, Bureau of Science Manila Monogr. 23; ref. 2104] Creek at barrio Puru, Legaspi, Albay Province, Philippines. Syntypes: BSMP 13232 (6) destroyed, seen by Koumans. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:185 [ref. 2676]. •Valid as Redigobius bikolanus (Herre 1927) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:269 [ref. 6441], Hoese 1986:803 [ref. 5670], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:578 [ref. 25598], Allen & Coates 1990:111 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:192 [ref. 21090], Kottelat et al. 1993:151 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:207 [ref. 22772], Larson & Williams 1997:370 [ref. 23967], Takahashi et al. 1997:48 [ref. 24971], Mizuno et al. 1999:12 [ref. 25311], Johnson 1999:749 [ref. 25471] as cf bikolanus, Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:640 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1241 [ref. 25182], Buden et al. 2001:7 [ref. 25496], Larson 2001:205 [ref. 25522], Larson & Murdy 2001:3601 [ref. 26293], Sakai et al. 2001:116 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:283 [ref. 25930], Nakabo 2002:1241 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:642 [ref. 27495], Tan & Lim 2004:111 [ref. 27716], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:197 [ref. 28107] as cf. bikolanus, Hoese & Larson 2006:1681 [ref. 29097], Allen et al. 2008:174 [ref. 30265], Larson 2010:134 [ref. 30783], Motomura et al. 2010:218 [ref. 31256], Schliewen 2011:212 [ref. 31738], Matsui et al. 2014:8 [ref. 33344], Kottelat 2013:423 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:171 [ref. 33932], Miesen et al. 2016:94 [ref. 34492], Pusey et al. 2017:77 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Redigobius bikolanus (Herre 1927). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia east to Philippines and Vanuatu, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bilineatus, Gobiodon Herler [J.], Bogorodsky [S. V.] & Suzuki [T.] 2013:303, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 3709 (no. 4); ref. 32889] Gulf of Aqaba, Dahab, "Islands" (28°28'38.5"N, 34°30'47.1"E), Egypt. Holotype: NMW 95077. Paratypes: BMNH 2006.10.6.1 (1); MNHN 2012-0262 (1); NMW 95563 (1), 95564 (1). Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Gobiodon bilineatus Herler, Bogorodsky & Suzuki 2013. Current status: Valid as Gobiodon bilineatus Herler, Bogorodsky & Suzuki 2013. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Northern Red Sea. Habitat: marine.

bilix, Chriolepis Hastings [P. A.] & Findley [L. T.] 2013:597, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa 3745 (no. 5); ref. 33005] Northern edge of Little Bahama Bank, 27°26'N, 78°57'W, tumbler dredge, depth 138 meters. Holotype: USNM 199058. Paratypes: 43554 (1), 214492 (1), 214493 (1). •Valid as Chriolepis bilix Hastings & Findley 2013 -- (Hastings & Findley 2015:594 [ref. 33639]). •Valid as Pinnichthys bilix (Hastings & Findley 2013) -- (Tornabene et al. 2016:13 [ref. 34435]). Current status: Valid as Pinnichthys bilix (Hastings & Findley 2013). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: marine.

bilobatus, Cottogobius Koumans [F. P.] 1941:253 [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 13 (pt 3); ref. 2677] Muthivaratu Paar, India. Lectotype: USNM 203588. Paralectotypes: RMNH 16937 (1); ZSI F5450/2 (1, poor condition, not this species); USNM 203587 (1). Additional material (non-types): ZSI F5451/2 (1), 5452/2 (1). Type catalog:Menon & Rama Rao 1971:344 [ref. 31198] with a holotype and different paratype numbers, Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:42 [ref. 22148] with a holotype and paratypes, Talwar 1977:638 [ref. 26599]. Lectotype selected by Larson & Hoese 1980:34 [ref. 2725]. •Valid as Pleurosicya bilobata (Koumans 1941) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:283 [ref. 6441] as bilobatus, Larson 1990:13 [ref. 16607], Kottelat et al. 1993:149 [ref. 23448], Kuiter 1993:356 [ref. 23929], Myers 1999:258 [ref. 23965], Ikeda et al. 1999:23 [ref. 24155], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:639 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1217 [ref. 25182], Larson & Murdy 2001:3599 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1217 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:645 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:189 [ref. 27510], Greenfield & Randall 2004:536 [ref. 28175], Randall 2005:546 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Larson 2006:1675 [ref. 29097], Allen & Erdmann 2012:904 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2015:217 [ref. 33863]). Current status: Valid as Pleurosicya bilobata (Koumans 1941). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Cargados Carajos Shoals, to India east to Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Australia to Guam and Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bilunula, Eviota Greenfield [D. W.] & Suzuki [T.] 2016:2, Figs. 1-3 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 24; ref. 34895] Fiji, off NE coast of Viti Levu, Charlie's Garden, 17°16.88'S, 178°28.3'W, depth 13.5 meters. Holotype: CAS 238065. Paratypes: CAS. •Valid as Eviota bilunula Greenfield & Suzuki 2016 -- (Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:85 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota bilunula Greenfield & Suzuki 2016. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Fiji. Habitat: marine.

bimaculata, Eviota Lachner [E. A.] & Karnella [S. J.] 1980:91, Figs. 50-52 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 315; ref. 6916] Rottnest Island, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.10110-001. Paratypes: CAS-SU 50154 (3); USNM 219435 (8); WAM P.10111-001 (1), P.10112-001 (1), P.10129-001 (1), P.10445-001 to P.10448-001 (4), P.25725-019 (4). Plus other material: AMNH (1, 1), AMS IB.334-336 (1, 1, 1), WAM (2 lots). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:39 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:43 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Eviota bimaculata Lachner & Karnella 1980 -- (Gomon et al. 1994:789 [ref. 22532], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Larson 2006:1643 [ref. 29097], Hoese & Larson 2008:757 [ref. 30660], Greenfield & Suzuki 2010:61 [ref. 31021], Greenfield & Suzuki 2011:66 [ref. 31244], Larson 2011:237 [ref. 31740], Greenfield et al. 2014:484 [ref. 33193], Suzuki & Greenfield 2014:35 [ref. 33412], Suzuki et al. 2015:399 [ref. 33946], Greenfield & Jewett 2016:76 [ref. 34495], Tornabene & Greenfield 2016:6 [ref. 34518], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:69 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota bimaculata Lachner & Karnella 1980. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: South Australia and Western Australia. Habitat: marine.

bimaculatus, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:108 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntypes: MNHN A-1358 (4); ZMB 2072-76 (2, now 1, 1, now 6, 1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:27 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Amblycentrus arabicus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Goren 1979:23 [ref. 1852], Dor 1984:238 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Cryptocentroides arabicus (Gmelin 1789). Current status: Synonym of Cryptocentroides arabicus (Gmelin 1789). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

binghami, Garmannia Parr [A. E.] 1930:124, Fig. 34 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 4); ref. 3370] Crooked Island, Bahamas. Holotype (unique): YPM 2529 [ex BOC 2529]. Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:12 [ref. 16741]. •Synonym of Risor ruber (Rosén 1911) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). Current status: Synonym of Risor ruber (Rosén 1911). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

biocellatus, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:73 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Puducherry, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-0990. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:27 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Glossogobius biocellatus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:275 [ref. 6441], Hoese 1986:789 [ref. 5670], Maugé 1986:367 [ref. 6218], Wu & Ni in Kuang et al. 1986:276 [ref. 26639] with authors as Cuvier & Valenciennes, Allen & Swainston 1988:134 [ref. 25477], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:612 [ref. 25598], Allen 1991:179 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:935 [ref. 20764], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:466 [ref. 23876], Indra 1993:190 [ref. 24009], Rema Devi 1993:174 [ref. 24020], Kottelat et al. 1993:145 [ref. 23448], Zhu 1995:180 [ref. 25213], Allen 1997:216 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:368 [ref. 23967], Johnson 1999:748 [ref. 25471], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:637 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1201 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:247 [ref. 25480], Sakai et al. 2001:112 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:1201 [ref. 26193], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S119 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:644 [ref. 27495], Tan & Lim 2004:111 [ref. 27716], Larson et al. 2008:150 [ref. 29532], Motomura et al. 2010:212 [ref. 31256], Schliewen 2011:216 [ref. 31738], Hoese & Allen 2015:214 [ref. 33880], Koeda et al. 2016:92 [ref. 35333]). •Valid as Psammogobius biocellatus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Allen et al. 2002:281 [ref. 25930], Larson & Murdy 2001:3599 [ref. 26293], Hoese & Larson 2006:1679 [ref. 29097], Shibukawa 2009:284 [ref. 30449], Larson et al. 2013:206 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:421 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:171 [ref. 33932], Allen 2017:85 [ref. 35315]). Current status: Valid as Psammogobius biocellatus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa east to Guam and Vanuatu, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

biocellatus, Gobius Couch [J.] 1863:165, Pl. 101 (fig. 1) [The history of the fishes of the British islands v. 2; ref. 18053] British Isles. No types known. Objectively invalid; peoccupied by Gobius biocellatus Valenciennes 1837. •Synonym of Gobiusculus flavescens (Fabricius 1779) -- (Miller 1973:496 [ref. 6888]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiusculus flavescens (Fabricius 1779). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

biocellatus, Signigobius Hoese [D. F.] & Allen [G. R.] 1977:200, Figs. 1-3, 4A, 5A [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 23 (no. 4); ref. 2179] Linnet Reef, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.18767-001. Paratypes: AMS (13 lots); ANSP (16, 6 lots); BMNH 1976.4.9.1 (1); BPBM 17990 (1); CAS 35953 (5); LACM 35670-001 (1); MNHN 1975-0001 (1); NSMT-P 18251 (1); QM I.13538 (1); USNM (27, 10 lots); WAM P.24765-001 (1), P.25539-001 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:105 [ref. 13621], Hutchins & Smith 1991:40 [ref. 19335], Bauchot et al. 1991:45 [ref. 19958], Moore et al. 2008:45 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Signigobius biocellatus Hoese & Allen 1977 -- (Randall et al. 1990:407 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:214 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:342 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:407 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:243 [ref. 23965], Allen 2000:121 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3599 [ref. 26293], Allen & Adrim 2003:60 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Larson 2006:1683 [ref. 29097], Allen & Erdmann 2012:985 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Signigobius biocellatus Hoese & Allen 1977. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean: Indonesia, Philippines, Australia, Papua New Guinea to Vanuatu. Habitat: marine.

bipunctata, Eviota Greenfield [D. W.] & Jewett [S. L.] 2016:595, Figs. 7-11 [Zootaxa 4121 (no. 5); ref. 34594] Palawan Province, NW side of Putic Island, Philippine Islands, 10°55'05"N, 121°02'03"E, depth 0-4.6 meters. Holotype: USNM 225176. Paratypes: AMS, ANSP, BPBM, CAS, USNM. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Eviota bipunctata Greenfield & Jewett 2016 -- (Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:64 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota bipunctata Greenfield & Jewett 2016. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Aldabra and the Seychelles, eastward to Ponape, Caroline Islands, northward to Taiwan and southward to Papua New Guinea and Northwest Cape (Western Australia). Habitat: marine.

bipunctata, Hetereleotris Tortonese [E.] 1976:191, Fig. 2 [Monitore Zoologico Italiano, N. S., suppl. v. 7 (no. 4); ref. 7399] Gulf of Aden, northern Mijurtenia, African coast [Somalia, northwestern Indian Ocean]. Holotype: MZUF 2179. Paratypes: MZUF 2180-84 (5), MSNG 44739 [ex MZUF 2185] (1). Type catalog: Vanni 1991:227 [ref. 20099]. •Valid as Hetereleotris bipunctata Tortonese 1976 -- (Hoese 1986:8 [ref. 5996], Goren & Dor 1994:64 [ref. 25356], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S119 [ref. 27377], Hoese & Larson 2005:14 [ref. 28571], Shibukawa 2010:90 [ref. 30808], Kovačić et al. 2014:125 [ref. 33446]). Current status: Valid as Hetereleotris bipunctata Tortonese 1976. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Gulf of Aden (northwestern Indian Ocean) and Red Sea. Habitat: marine.

bipunctata, Pandaka Chen [I-S.], Wu [H.-L.], Zhong [J.-S.] & Zhao [S.-L.] in Wu & Zhong 2008:528, Fig. 250 [ ref. 30128] ?Syntypes: 2. Hainan, mangrove of Hai-ko, 22°03'N, 110°10"W, China. •Valid as Pandaka bipunctata Chen, Wu, Zhong & Zhao 2008 -- (Kottelat 2013:416 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pandaka bipunctata Chen, Wu, Zhong & Zhao 2008. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Hainan, China. Habitat: brackish.

bipunctatus, Asterropteryx Allen [G. R.] & Munday [P. L.] 1995:99, Figs. 1-2 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 22 (nos 3-4); ref. 21938] Outer reef on south side of Rausch Pass, 5°10'S, 145°50'E, Madang, Papua New Guinea, depth 38 meters. Holotype: WAM P.30346-007. Paratypes: WAM P.28170-034 (2), P.28181-016 (1), P.30357-019 (1), P.30369-010 (1), P.30406-005 (3), P.30620 (1), P.30804 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:43 [ref. 30117]. Asterropteryx in feminine, so species as bipunctata is appropriate. •Valid as Asterropteryx bipunctatus Allen & Munday 1995 -- (Myers 1999:244 [ref. 23965], Allen 2000:118 [ref. 25868], Larson & Murdy 2001:3595 [ref. 26293], Allen & Adrim 2003:57 [ref. 26830]). •Valid as Asterropteryx bipunctata Allen & Munday 1995 -- (Suzuki et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25375], Shibukawa & Suzuki 2002:274 [ref. 26337], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:177 [ref. 27510], Randall 2005:518 [ref. 28239], Shibukawa & Suzuki 2007:109 [ref. 29069], Allen & Erdmann 2012:909 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:158 [ref. 33932], Allen & Erdmann 2016:154 [ref. 34859]). Current status: Valid as Asterropteryx bipunctata Allen & Munday 1995. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean and western Pacific: Andaman Islands, Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

bipunctatus, Gobius Yarrell [W.] 1836:255, Fig. [A history of British fishes; ref. 4812] Ireland and England. No types known. According to Miller 1973:496, ref. 6888, Gobius punctatus and Gobius tripunctatus are errors for bipunctatus made by Valenciennes 1837. •Synonym of Gobiusculus flavescens (Fabricius 1779) -- (Miller 1973:496 [ref. 6888]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiusculus flavescens (Fabricius 1779). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

birdsong, Stiphodon Watson [R. E.] 1996:118, Figs. 11-13 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 23 (nos 3-4); ref. 22688] Letak Creek, 25 kilometers southeast of Wewak, Papua New Guinea, elevation 350 meters. Holotype: WAM P.27834-007. Paratypes: CMK 11382 (1); WAM P.31058-001 (3), P.31059-002 (5). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:46 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Stiphodon birdsong Watson 1996 -- (Watson et al. 1998:295 [ref. 23658], Watson 1999:89 [ref. 23674], Watson & Allen 1999:114 [ref. 24140], Larson & Murdy 2001:3603 [ref. 26293], Watson et al. 2005:340 [ref. 28468], Keith et al. 2007:37 [ref. 29211], Keith & Marquet 2007:49 [ref. 29176], Keith et al. 2009:473 [ref. 30474], Kottelat 2013:430 [ref. 32989], Keith & Hadiaty 2015:268 [ref. 33653]). •Synonym of Stiphodon surrufus Watson & Kottelat 1995 -- (Keith et al. 2015:238 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Synonym of Stiphodon surrufus Watson & Kottelat 1995. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Indonesia and Papua New Guinea (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

birdsongi, Boleophthalmus Murdy [E. O.] 1989:12, Figs. 6-8, Pl. 1 (fig. c) [Records of the Australian Museum Suppl. No. 11; ref. 13628] Liverpool River mouth, Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.18394-002. Paratypes: AMS I.24685-012 (1); NTM S.11362-032 (2), S.10421-001 (2), S.10694-006 (2); USNM 289283-84 (1, 6). •Valid as Boleophthalmus birdsongi Murdy 1989 -- (Larson & Williams 1997:371 [ref. 23967], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3602 [ref. 26293], Hoese & Larson 2006:1629 [ref. 29097], Takita et al. 2011:195 [ref. 31704], Murdy 2011:104 [ref. 31728], Polgar et al. 2013:319 [ref. 32496], Larson et al. 2013:192 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Boleophthalmus birdsongi Murdy 1989. Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Distribution: Australia and (?) Papua New Guinea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

birdsongi, Gobulus Hoese [D. F.] & Reader [S.] 2001:170, Figs. 2-4 [Revista de Biología Tropical v. 49 (Suppl. 1); ref. 26036] Miraflores Lock, Panama [eastern Pacific], depth 6 meters. Holotype: SIO 71-36. Paratypes: AMS I.40231-001 (1). •Valid as Gobulus birdsongi Hoese & Reader 2001 -- (Rüber et al. 2003:1598 [ref. 26969], Van Tassell 2011:154 [ref. 31732], Tornabene et al. 2016:13 [ref. 34435]). Current status: Valid as Gobulus birdsongi Hoese & Reader 2001. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Panama (Panama Canal). Habitat: brackish, marine.

birtwistlei, Gobiella Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:85 [Bulletin of the Raffles Museum No. 9; ref. 10987] Singapore. Syntypes: BMNH 1969.11.13.2-6 [ex Singapore Natl. Mus.] (5); FMNH 47158 (12), 47230 (6); Raffles Mus. Singapore (?); CAS-SU 29078 (99), 30961 (204); USNM 101303 (12); ZMH H418 [ex 17467] (8); ZRC 225 (31); ZSI F13513/1 (3). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:148 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:113 [ref. 12291], Menon & Yazdani 1968:153 [ref. 20743], Alfred 1970:72 [ref. 23931], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:41 [ref. 12367], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:408 [ref. 21161], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:638 Lectotype selected by Koumans, but specmen is not separated from CAS-SU 30961. •Valid as Gobiopterus birtwistlei (Herre 1935) -- (Larson et al. 2008:141 [ref. 29532], Kottelat 2013:410 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Gobiopterus birtwistlei (Herre 1935). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: brackish.

bisella, Trimma Winterbottom [R.] 2000:60, Fig + Fig. 2 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 25765] Baie de la Petite Rivière, off Albion Fish. Res. Centre, 20°12'30"S, 57°23'20"E, west coast of Mauritius (Mascarenes), southwestern Indian Ocean, 31-33 meters. Holotype: ROM 72014 [ex USNM 344148]. Paratypes: BPBM 16345 (3), 21780 (1); ROM 72005 (7), 72013 (1); USNM 344145-46 (2, 1), 344148 (5), 358585 (7). •Valid as Trimma bisella Winterbottom 2000 -- (Hagiwara & Winterbottom 2007:164 [ref. 29103], Winterbottom et al. 2014:373 [ref. 33402], Winterbottom et al. 2015:210 [ref. 33849]). Current status: Valid as Trimma bisella Winterbottom 2000. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean (Mascarenes endemic). Habitat: marine.

bishopi, Gobius Müller [J.] & Troschel [F. H.] in Schomburgk 1848:672 [16] [The history of Barbados; comprising a geographical description of the island and an account of its geology and natural productions.; ref. 17812] Barbados, West Indies. Holotype (unique): ZMB 2051. Appeared first as above; reprinted in Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 1848:16. Gobiidae: Gobiinae.

bitaeniatus, Sicyopus Maugé [A. L.], Marquet [G.] & Laboute [P.] 1992:228, Fig. 10 [Cybium v. 16 (no. 3); ref. 19910] Vaioa River, Hiva Oa, Marquesas Islands. Holotype: MNHN 1992-113. Paratypes: MNHN 1992-114 (6), 1992-115 (10). •Valid as Sicyopus bitaeniatus Maugé, Marquet & Laboute 1992 -- (Watson 1995:83 [ref. 21675], Watson 1995:267 [ref. 21888], Marquet et al. 1999:43 [ref. 23934], Watson 1999:97 [ref. 24143], Larson & Murdy 2001:3603 [ref. 26293] dated 1986 [sic], Watson et al. 2001:42 [ref. 25349], Keith et al. 2002:144 [ref. 31473] in the subgenus Smilosicyopus, Keith & Marquet 2005:390 [ref. 28469] in subgenus Smilosicyopus, Keith et al. 2010:303 [ref. 30933] in subgenus Smilosicyopus, Keith et al. 2010:327 [ref. 30747]). •Valid as Smilosicyopus bitaeniatus (Maugé, Marquet & Laboute 1992) -- (Keith et al. 2011 [ref. 31023] based on status of Smilosicyopus, Keith & Taillebois 2014:72 [ref. 33422], Keith et al. 2015:158[ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Smilosicyopus bitaeniatus (Maugé, Marquet & Laboute 1992). Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Marquesas Islands [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bitelatus, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:89 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Red Sea. Syntypes: MNHN A-1165 (2, poor condition). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:27 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Oplopomus oplopomus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Goren 1979:48 [ref. 1852], Dor 1984:248 [ref. 29757]). Current status: Synonym of Oplopomus oplopomus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

bivittata, Tamanka Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:224, Pl. 17 (fig. 4) [Monographs, Bureau of Science Manila Monogr. 23; ref. 2104] Hoihow, Hainan Island, China. Holotype (unique): BSMP 13194 (destroyed, seen by Koumans). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:188 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Gobius abei (Jordan & Snyder 1901) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:354 [ref. 7348]). •Synonym of Mugilogobius abei (Jordan & Snyder 1901) -- (Wu & Ni in Kuang et al. 1986:271 [ref. 26639], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:456 [ref. 23876], Larson 2001:80 [ref. 25522], Kottelat 2013:413 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mugilogobius abei (Jordan & Snyder 1901). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bivittatus, Apocryptes Macleay [W.] 1878:357, Pl. 9 (fig. 5) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 2 (pt 4); ref. 17573] Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16394-001 [ex MAMU F994(c)] (4). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:158 [ref. 2676], Stanbury 1969:209 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Amblygobius bynoensis (Richardson 1844) -- (Larson & Williams 1997:367 [ref. 23967], Hoese & Larson 2006:1621 [ref. 29097], Larson et al. 2013:189 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Synonym of Amblygobius bynoensis (Richardson 1844). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

biwaensis, Rhinogobius Takahashi [S.] & Okazaki [T.] 2017:[5], Figs. 1-4 [Ichthyological Research; ref. 35171] Wanihama beach, Lake Biwa, Wani-Nakahama, Otsu City, Shiga Prefecture, Japan, depth 15 meters. Holotype: LBM 1210013432. Paratypes: AMS, LBM, NSMT, OMNH. •Valid as Rhinogobius biwaensis Takahashi & Okazaki 2017. Current status: Valid as Rhinogobius biwaensis Takahashi & Okazaki 2017. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Lake Biwa, Japan. Habitat: freshwater.

blancoi, Bathygobius Roxas [H. A.] & Ablan [G. L.] 1940:306, Pl. 5 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 73 (no. 3); ref. 13218] Dagupan, Pangasinan Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): BSMP 31949 (destroyed in WWII). •Synonym of Bathygobius meggitti (Hora & Mukerji 1936) -- (Kottelat 2013:402 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Bathygobius meggitti (Hora & Mukerji 1936). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

bleekeri, Amblyeleotris Chen [I-S.], Shao [K.-T.] & Chen [J.-P.] 2006:2556, Figs. 1A, 2 [Journal of Natural History v. 40; ref. 29024] Sogang, Penghu County, Pescadores Islands, Taiwan. Holotype: ASIZP 0064286. Paratypes: NMMB P 7903 (2). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:55 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Amblyeleotris bleekeri Chen, Shao & Chen 2006 -- (Ho & Shao 2011:55 [ref. 31432]). Current status: Valid as Amblyeleotris bleekeri Chen, Shao & Chen 2006. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan and Penghu Islands. Habitat: marine.

bleekeri, Apocryptes Day [F.] 1876:300, Pl. 64 (fig. 3) [The fishes of India Part 2; ref. 1081] Madras, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7501 (1, syntype) Madras; BMNH 1889.2.1.3460-61 (2), 1889.2.1.4288-89 (2, half skins); ZSI 103 (1, lost), 134 (1, lost), 2887 (1, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:295 [ref. 25110]. •Synonym of Apocryptodon madurensis (Bleeker 1849) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:408 [ref. 7348], Murdy 1989:9 [ref. 13628], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:952 [ref. 20764], Kottelat 2013:399 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Apocryptodon madurensis (Bleeker 1849). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bleekeri, Gobius Day [F.] 1868:195 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1868 (pt 1); ref. 1076] Backwater, Madras, India. Holotype (unique): ZSI F2995 (lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762]. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bleekeri, Hemigobius Koumans [F. P.] in Weber & de Beaufort 1953:191, Fig. 47 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 10; ref. 2678] Java, Indonesia. Bleeker specimens: RMNH 4501 (3). Lectotype selected by Larson 1999:41 [ref. 24498], but type is too large according to Kottelat (2013). •Valid as Hemigobius bleekeri Koumans 1953 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:146 [ref. 23448]). •Synonym of Hemigobius mingi (Herre 1936) -- (Larson 1999:34 [ref. 24498], Larson 2001:74 [ref. 25522], Kottelat 2013:411 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Hemigobius melanurus (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kottelat 2013:411 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hemigobius melanurus (Bleeker 1849). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: marine.

bleekeri, Lophogobius Popta [C. M. L.] 1921:207 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 6 (art. 15); ref. 15325] Raha in Muna, Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): SMF 6584. Popta specimen or possible type: RMNH 4489 (1). Kottelat (2013) cites a freshwater stream. •Valid as Lophogobius bleekeri Popta 1921 -- (Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:638 [ref. 25122], Larson & Murdy 2001:3598 [ref. 26293], Hoese & Larson 2006:1663 [ref. 29097], Kottelat 2013:412 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:168 [ref. 33932], Miesen et al. 2016:93 [ref. 34492]). •Valid as Dotsugobius bleekeri (Popta 1921) -- (Shibukawa et al. 2014:146 [ref. 35157]). Current status: Valid as Dotsugobius bleekeri (Popta 1921). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Japan to Australia and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

blennioides, Gobius Kessler [K. F.] 1877:12, Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [The Aralo-Caspian Expedition; ref. 2597] Baku Bay, Caspian Sea, Azerbaijan, depth 42 feet [6 Russian fathoms]. Holotype (unique): ZIN 10903. •Synonym of Proterorhinus marmoratus (Pallas 1814) -- (Berg 1949:1100 [ref. 20662], Miller 1973:511 [ref. 6888], Coad 1995:31 [ref. 23608], Kottelat 1997:181 [ref. 22952], Vasil'eva 1998:145 [ref. 23591], Pinchuk et al. in Miller 2004:72 [ref. 27853]). •Synonym of Proterorhinus nasalis (De Filippi 1863) -- (Neilson & Stepien 2009:98 [ref. 30487], Parin et al. 2014:503 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Proterorhinus nasalis (De Filippi 1863). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

blokzeyli, Gobius Bleeker [P.] 1860:240 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 22 (no. 3-6); ref. 16991] Bali, Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 4511 (2). •Valid as Stenogobius blokzeyli (Bleeker 1860) -- (Watson 1991:632 [ref. 19908] tentatively, Kottelat et al. 1993:153 [ref. 23448], Larson & Murdy 2001:3601 [ref. 26293], Kottelat 2013:429 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Stenogobius blokzeyli (Bleeker 1860). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Indonesia [amphidromus]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

boa, Rhinogobius Chen [I-S.] & Kottelat [M.] 2005:1409, Figs. 2, 6, 10 [Journal of Natural History v. 39 (no. 17); ref. 28141] Torrent at kilometer 5 on road Bac Phong Sinh to Mong Cai, 21°35'31"N, 107°43'52"E, Hai Ninh District, Quang Ninh Province, Vietnam. Holotype: ZRC 49206. Paratypes: CMK 14890 (4), 14896 (5); ZRC 49207 (4). •Valid as Rhinogobius boa Chen & Kottelat 2005 -- (Chen et al. 2008:341 [ref. 29895], Kottelat 2013:424 [ref. 32989], Huang et al. 2016:[8] [ref. 34339], Takahashi & Okazaki 2017:[2] [ref. 35171], Suzuki et al. 2017:82 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Valid as Rhinogobius boa Chen & Kottelat 2005. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Ka Longo (= Beilun He in China) drainage, border between Vietnam and China. Habitat: freshwater.

boddarti, Gobius Pallas [P. S.] 1770:11, Pl. 2 (fig. 4-5) [Spicilegia Zoologica v. 1 (fasc. 8); ref. 12293] Indian Ocean. No types known. Gobius boddaert Lacepède 1800:535, 543 [ref. 2709] and Sonnini 1803:191, 202 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473] is an unjustified emendation. Spelled boddaerti in Gmelin 1789:1201 [ref. 18139] and Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:199 [ref. 1006]. •Valid as Boleophthalmus boddarti (Pallas 1770) -- (Murdy 1989:14 [ref. 13628], Ataur Rahman 1989:295 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:954 [ref. 20764], Rema Devi 1993:1832 [ref. 24020], Kottelat et al. 1993:143 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:210 [ref. 22772], Coad 1996:6 [ref. 23831], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Larson & Murdy 2001:3602 [ref. 26293], Khaironizam & Norma-Rashid 2003:250 [ref. 27124], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Khan 2003:10 [ref. 27710] as Boleopthalmus, Ataur Rahman 2003:320 [ref. 31338], Larson et al. 2008:139 [ref. 29532], Larson et al. 2008:139 [ref. 29532], Shibukawa 2009:265 [ref. 30449], Murdy 2011:104 [ref. 31728], Polgar et al. 2013:319 [ref. 32496], Kottelat 2013:402 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:191 [ref. 34464], Huang et al. 2014:108 [ref. 33161], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2015:79 [ref. 34319]). Current status: Valid as Boleophthalmus boddarti (Pallas 1770). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India east to Sulawesi and Moluccas. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

boehlkei, Barbuligobius Lachner [E. A.] & McKinney [J. F.] 1974:871, Figs. 1-4 [Copeia 1974 (no. 4); ref. 2547] Southwestern shore off Ch'uan-fan-shih, Taiwan, 21°55.8'N, 120°48.8'E, depth 4.6-6.4 meters. Holotype: USNM 209209. Paratypes: ANSP 122867-69 (2, 3, 1); FMNH 77007 (1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 1913 (1); USNM 209210-14 (1, 1, 2, 1, 2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:105 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:15 [ref. 12367], Ho & Shao 2011:55 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Barbuligobius boehlkei Lachner & McKinney 1974 -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:264 [ref. 6441], Hoese 1986:780 [ref. 5670], Chen et al. 1997:133 [ref. 22867], Suzuki et al. 1999:2 [ref. 24400], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:635 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1204 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3595 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1204 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:57 [ref. 26830], Heemstra et al. 2004:3328 [ref. 27945], Hoese & Larson 2006:1626 [ref. 29097], Ho & Shao 2011:55 [ref. 31432], Larson 2011:238 [ref. 31740], Allen & Erdmann 2012:960 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Barbuligobius boehlkei Lachner & McKinney 1974. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to Vanuatu, Australia to Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

boehlkei, Psilotris Greenfield [D. W.] 1993:771, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1993 (no. 3); ref. 21015] Port de Gustavia, southwest of Les Saintes, 17°55'N, 62°53'W, St. Barthelemy, West Indies, 18.3-19.8 meters. Holotype: ANSP 106059. Paratypes: ANSP 124619 (3), 152617 (1). •Valid as Psilotris boehlkei Greenfield 1993 -- (Smith & Baldwin 1999:439 [ref. 24419], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1794 [ref. 27111], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:79 [ref. 33341], Tornabene et al. 2016:13 [ref. 34435]). Current status: Valid as Psilotris boehlkei Greenfield 1993. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

boekeri, Gobius Ahl [E.] 1931:405, Fig. [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1930; ref. 16255] "Soure Marajo", Brazil. Holotype (unique): ZMB (not found). •Valid as Gobius boekeri Ahl 1931 -- (Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:99 [ref. 27192]). Current status: Valid as Gobius boekeri Ahl 1931. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Brazil. Habitat: marine.

bogdanowi, Gobius Kessler [K. F.] 1874:267 [77], Fig. 1 [Trudy St.-Peterburgskogo Obscestva Estestvoispytatelej = Travaux de la Société des Naturalistes de St. Pétersbourg. v. 5; ref. 18397] Caspian sea at Makhachkala [Petrovsk], Russia. Syntypes: (2) ZIN 10902 (1). •Valid as Neogobius bogdanowi (Kessler 1874) -- (Berg 1949:1094 [ref. 20662]). •Synonym of Neogobius ratan (Nordmann 1840) -- (Coad 1995:31 [ref. 23608], Coad 1995:31 [ref. 23608], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:756 [ref. 24702], Vasil'eva 1998:142 [ref. 23591], Pinchuk et al. 2003:357 [ref. 27348]). •Synonym of Ponticola ratan (Nordmann 1840) -- (Neilson & Stepien 2009:97 [ref. 30487]). Current status: Synonym of Ponticola ratan (Nordmann 1840). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

bol, Coryphopterus Victor [B. C.] 2008:2, Figs. 1, 3-5, 6 left, 7 left [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 2008 (1) = v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 29590] La Parguera, Bosque near UPR-MIML, dropoff mooring, Puerto Rico, 17.887°N, 67.018°W, depth 18 meters. Holotype: SIO-08-69. Paratypes: SIO-08-70 (1), 08-71 (9), 08-72 (13), 08-73 (5), 08-74 (1). Plus non-type material. •Synonym of Coryphopterus venezuelae Cervigón 1966 -- (Baldwin et al. 2009:125 [ref. 30559], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:181 [ref. 32953] as unresolved). Current status: Synonym of Coryphopterus venezuelae Cervigón 1966. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

boldinghi, Pleurosicya Weber [M.] 1913:457, Fig. 88 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Western New Guinea, 1°42.5'S, 130°47.5'E, Siboga station 164, depth 32 meters. Lectotype: ZMA 100209 (1 of 3). Paralectotypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 804 [ex ZMA] (1); ZMA 100209 (2 of 3), 112576 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:103 [ref. 19236]. Lectotype selected by Larson 1990:9 [ref. 16607]. Paralectotypes are referable to Pleurosicya annandalei (see Larson 1990:15 [ref. 16607]). •Valid as Pleurosicya boldinghi Weber 1913 -- (Larson & Hoese 1980:34 [ref. 2725], Larson 1990:15 [ref. 16607], Kuiter 1997:356 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:535 [ref. 25919], Ikeda et al. 1999:23 [ref. 24155], Nakabo 2000:1216 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3599 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1216 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:59 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S119 [ref. 27377], Greenfield & Randall 2004:536 [ref. 28175], Hoese & Larson 2006:1675 [ref. 29097], Allen & Erdmann 2012:904 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pleurosicya boldinghi Weber 1913. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to Solomon Islands, Western Australia to Japan, East Indian region. Habitat: marine.

boleosoma, Gobius Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:295 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 282); ref. 2472] Laguna Grande, Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A. Lectotype: USNM 30860. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1887-0484 (1), 1990-0648 (1); CAS-SU 1675 (?33); USNM 109445 (1), 265103 (now 39). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:27 [ref. 19958]. Lectotype designation not researched, not designated here. •Valid as Gobionellus boleosoma (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Lee et al. 1980:792 [ref. 22416], Robins & Ray 1986:246 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:163 [ref. 23239], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:74 [ref. 22290], Cervigón 1994:174 [ref. 24488], Murdy et al. 1997:213 [ref. 23144], Aguilera 1998:52 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:445 [ref. 24550], Marín 2000:79 [ref. 26252], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:167 [ref. 27754], Camargo & Isaac 2001:142 [ref. 27639]). •Valid as Ctenogobius boleosoma (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:316 [ref. 25013], Schwartz 1999:285 [ref. 25307], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1795 [ref. 27111], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:98 [ref. 27192], Pezold 2004:273 [ref. 27685], Ross & Rhode 2004:305 [ref. 27789], Nelson et al. 2004:170 [ref. 27807], Boschung & Mayden 2004:626 [ref. 27995], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:687 [ref. 28815], Matamoros et al. 2009:24 [ref. 31241], Page & Burr 2011:617 [ref. 31215], Van Tassell 2011:143 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:176 [ref. 32708], Phillip et al. 2013:24 [ref. 32896], Angulo et al. 2013:1008 [ref. 33194], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:77 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Ctenogobius boleosoma (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bombayensis, Gobius Annandale [N.] 1919:138, Pl. 1 (fig. 5) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 16 (pt 1); ref. 15202] Yenna River at Medha, Satara District, Maharashtra, India. Holotype: ZSI F9698/1. Paratypes: (unknown quantity). See Das 2003:373 [ref. 27706]. •Questionably a synonym of Brachygobius nunus (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:930 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Pseudogobiopsis oligactis (Bleeker 1875) -- (Kottelat 2013:421 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Uncertain as Pseudogobiopsis oligactis (Bleeker 1875). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

bombylios, Egglestonichthys Larson [H. K.] & Hoese [D. F.] 1997:46, Figs. 1-3 [The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory v. 13; ref. 22675] North of Smith Point, Northern Territory, Australia, depth 29 meters. Holotype: NTM S.10031-016. Paratypes: AMS I.25055-001 (1); ZMUC P781840 (1). •Valid as Egglestonichthys bombylios Larson & Hoese 1997 -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3596 [ref. 26293], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S119 [ref. 27377], Hoese & Larson 2006:1642 [ref. 29097], Larson 2013:154 [ref. 32790], Larson et al. 2013:196 [ref. 32988], Prokofiev 2016:645 [ref. 35020] dated 1996). Current status: Valid as Egglestonichthys bombylios Larson & Hoese 1997. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

bonelli, Gobius Bonaparte [C. L.] 1846:96 [Atti della Settima Adunanza degli Scienziati Italiani Sesta Riunione, Milano 7a Adunanza, Napoli, Part 2; ref. 519] Italy. Replacement name for Gobius fluviatilis Bonelli in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837, which is our Gobius fluviatilis Valenciennes (ex Bonelli). •Valid as Padogobius bonelli (Bonaparte 1846) -- (Kottelat 1997:179 [ref. 22952], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:195 [ref. 26728], Miller in Miller 2004:37 [ref. 27853], Zupančič 2008:71 [ref. 29926], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:585 [ref. 29996], Freyhof 2011:285 [ref. 31742], Bianco & Delmastro 2011:6 [ref. 31648], Bianco 2013:9 [ref. 32897] as bonellii, Ćaleta et al. 2015:73 [ref. 34877]). Current status: Valid as Padogobius bonelli (Bonaparte 1846). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Northern Adriatic basin: Italy to Croatia, including Switzerland. Habitat: freshwater.

bontii, Gobius Bleeker [P.] 1849:27 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [6]; ref. 319] Madura Straits near Surabaya and Kammal, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 4658 (1). Appeared without distinguishing features in list in Bleeker 1849:5 [ref. 320]. •Valid as Acentrogobius bontii (Bleeker 1849) -- (Maugé 1986:358 [ref. 6218], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377]). •Synonym of Drombus triangularis (Weber 1909) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:144 [ref. 23448]). •Valid as "Gobius" bontii Bleeker 1849 -- (Larson et al. 2008:149 [ref. 29532]). •Valid as Drombus bontti (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kottelat 2013:405 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:93 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Drombus bontii (Bleeker 1849). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indonesia and Singapore [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

boqueronensis, Bollmannia Evermann [B. W.] & Marsh [M. C.] 1899:356 [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner v. 25 (for 1899) Appendix 7; ref. 1283] Ensenada del Boqueron, off Puerto Real, Puerto Rico, Fish Hawk station 6074, depth 8.5 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 49366. Paratypes: USNM 204311 (orig. 4, now 3). •Valid as Bollmannia boqueronensis Evermann & Marsh 1899 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:253 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1994:157 [ref. 24488], Aguilera 1998:52 [ref. 24221], Rüber et al. 2003:1596 [ref. 26969], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1793 [ref. 27111], Ross & Rhode 2004:303 [ref. 27789], Nelson et al. 2004:169 [ref. 27807], Dennis et al. 2004:81 [ref. 31601], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:673 [ref. 28815], Van Tassell 2011:167 [ref. 31732], Van Tassell et al. 2012:74 [ref. 31948], Page et al. 2013:175 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Bollmannia boqueronensis Evermann & Marsh 1899. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

boreus, Zonogobius Snyder [J. O.] 1909:605 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 36 (no. 1688); ref. 4151] Tidepools at Misaki, Japan. Holotype: USNM 62953. Paratypes: CAS-SU 21137 (1). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:128, 144 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:120 [ref. 12291]. Types: Shinohara & Williams 2006:564 [ref. 31656]. •Synonym of Gobius semidoliatus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:354 [ref. 7348]). •Valid as Priolepis boreus (Snyder 1909) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:248 [ref. 6441], Winterbottom & Burridge 1993:498 [ref. 20895], Aonuma et al. 1996:325 [ref. 22433], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:639 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1174 [ref. 25182] as borea, Shinohara et al. 2000:183 [ref. 25987], Shimizu 2001:39 [ref. 25799] as borea, Nakabo 2002:1174 [ref. 26193] as borea, Youn 2002:399, 663 [ref. 26218]). Current status: Valid as Priolepis boreus (Snyder 1909). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and Korea. Habitat: marine.

borneensis, Apocryptes Bleeker [P.] 1855:421 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 16849] Bandjarmasin, Borneo, Indonesia. Syntypes: (7) whereabouts unknown. Original as borneënsis. •Valid as Pseudapocryptes borneensis (Bleeker 1855) -- (Murdy 1989:46 [ref. 13628], Kottelat et al. 1993:150 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:211 [ref. 22772], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:639 [ref. 25122], Larson & Murdy 2001:3602 [ref. 26293], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:197 [ref. 28107], Larson et al. 2008:140 [ref. 29532], Murdy 2011:104 [ref. 31728], Kottelat 2013:421 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Pseudapocryptes borneensis (Bleeker 1855). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

borneensis, Gobius Bleeker [P.] 1850:10 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 16884] Bandjarmasin, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6175 (1 of 8, but several of suitable length). Original spelling was borneënsis. •Valid as Stigmatogobius borneensis (Bleeker 1850) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:154 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:247 [ref. 23210], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:640 [ref. 25122], Larson 2001:209 [ref. 25522], Larson & Murdy 2001:3602 [ref. 26293], Larson 2005:350 [ref. 28521], Larson et al. 2008:144 [ref. 29532], Kottelat 2013:430 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Stigmatogobius borneensis (Bleeker 1850). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Singapore and Borneo. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

borneensis, Periophthalmus Bleeker [P.] 1850:11 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 16884] Bandjarmasin, Borneo, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 6193 (2). Original as borneënsis. •Synonym of Periophthalmodon septemradiatus (Hamilton 1822) -- (Murdy 1989:29 [ref. 13628], Kottelat 2013:418 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Periophthalmodon septemradiatus (Hamilton 1822). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

borysthenis, Gobius batrachocephalus natio Pinchuk [V. I.] 1963:126 [Dopov. Nauk URSR v. 1; ref. 30488] Not available. •In the synonymy of Mesogobius batrachocephalus (Pallas 1814) -- (Neilson & Stepien 2009:97 [ref. 30487], Parin et al. 2014:492 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Mesogobius batrachocephalus (Pallas 1814). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bosc, Gobius Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Bosc d'Antic) 1800:536, 555, Pl. 16 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 2; ref. 2709] Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:55 [ref. 19958]. Based on 'Gobius alepidotus, corpore nudo, griseo, fasciis septem pallidis' in manuscript by Bosc (Louis-Augustin Bosc d'Antic, 1759-1828, French naturalist). The spelling bosc is acceptable. •Valid as Gobiosoma bosc (Lacepède 1800) [often as bosci] -- (Lee et al. 1980:795 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:443 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:249 [ref. 23100] as bosci, Boschung 1992:164 [ref. 23239], Murdy et al. 1997:215 [ref. 23144], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:431 [ref. 24550], Schwartz 1999:286 [ref. 25307], Fuller et al. 1999:460 [ref. 25838], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:167 [ref. 27754], Rüber et al. 2003:1597 [ref. 26969], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1794 [ref. 27111], Ross & Rhode 2004:310 [ref. 27789], Nelson et al. 2004:171 [ref. 27807], Boschung & Mayden 2004:631 [ref. 27995], Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2005:211 [ref. 28376], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:706 [ref. 28815], Miller 2006:398 [ref. 28615], Van Tassell 2011:154 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:177 [ref. 32708], Tornabene & Van Tassell 2014:22 [ref. 33167], Van Tassell et al. 2015:475 [ref. 33949]). Current status: Valid as Gobiosoma bosc (Lacepède 1800). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: brackish, marine.

boscii, Gobius Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:44 [5] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3887] Martinique Island, West Indies [doubtfil]. Syntypes: MNHN A-1922 (5), A-1923 (6). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:27 [ref. 19958]. On p. 5 of separate. Not same as Gobius bosc Lacepède 1800. •Senior synonym of Glossogobius aureus Akihito & Meguro 1975 -- (Kottelat 1823:407 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Uncertain as Glossogobius aureus Akihito & Meguro 1975. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

bothriorrhynchus, Gobius Herzenstein [S. M.] 1896:3 [Ezhegodnik, Zoologicheskago Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 2151] Philippines. Holotype (unique): ZIN 9684 (poor condition). •Valid as Callogobius bothriorrhynchus (Herzenstein 1896) -- (Delventhal & Mooi 2013:156 [ref. 32677]). Current status: Valid as Callogobius bothriorrhynchus (Herzenstein 1896). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

boulengeri, Pleurogobius Seale [A.] 1910:536 [The Philippine Journal of Science Section A v. 4 (no. 6) (for 1909); ref. 4000] Puerto Princesa, Palawan Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): BSMP 5505 (apparently destroyed). The genus Pleurogobius evidently a mistake; see Pleurogobius. •Synonym of Priolepis cinctus (Regan 1908) -- (Winterbottom & Burridge 1993:2061 [ref. 21406]). •Synonym of Priolepis cincta (Regan 2008). Current status: Synonym of Priolepis cincta (Regan 1908). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

boulerot, Gobius Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:536, 552 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 2; ref. 2709] North Atlantic; seas of Asia. No types known. Syntypes: NRM 103 (1), 104 (1), 105 (1); ZMUU Linn. Coll. 184. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:55 [ref. 19958]. Unnecessary replacement name for Gobius niger Linnaeus 1758. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:193, 217 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Gobius niger Linnaeus 1758. Current status: Synonym of Gobius niger Linnaeus 1758. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

brachygaster, Amblyopus Günther [A.] 1861:134 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] East Indies. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1852.9.13.233 [ex Zool. Soc.] (1). •Synonym of Taenioides cirratus (Blyth 1860) -- (Maugé 1986:385 [ref. 6218], Kottelat 2013:434 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Taenioides cirratus (Blyth 1860). Gobiidae: Amblyopinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brachynemus, Nematogobius Pfaff [J. R.] 1933:309, Fig. 12 [Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, Kjøbenhavn. v. 94; ref. 16517] Dakar, Senegal. Holotype: ZMUC uncat. Paratypes: ZMUC (3). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:79 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Nematogobius brachynemus Pfaff 1933 -- (Miller 1990:943 [ref. 19376], Wirtz et al. 2007:20, 39 [ref. 30263], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:187 [ref. 31737], Schliewen 2011:219 [ref. 31738], Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2840 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Nematogobius brachynemus Pfaff 1933. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Angola, islands of the Gulf of Guinea. Habitat: marine.

brachypterus, Apocryptes Bleeker [P.] 1855:401 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 9 (no. 3); ref. 16848] Lake Grati, Pasuruan Province, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: (18) RMNH 4497 (11). •Valid as Gobiopterus brachypterus (Bleeker 1855) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:145 [ref. 23448], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:638 [ref. 25122], Larson & Murdy 2001:3601 [ref. 26293], Larson et al. 2008:141 [ref. 29532], Ott 2011:71 [ref. 32266], Kottelat 2013:410 [ref. 32989], Huang et al. 2014:108 [ref. 33161]). Current status: Valid as Gobiopterus brachypterus (Bleeker 1855). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Sri Lanka, Indonesia and Malasia. Habitat: freshwater.

brachysoma, Amblyopus Bleeker [P.] 1854:510 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 5965] Priaman, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4670. •Valid as Brachyamblyopus brachysoma (Bleeker 1854) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:155 [ref. 23448], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Larson & Murdy 2001:3593 [ref. 26293], Murdy & Shibukawa 2002:254 [ref. 25988], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Proudlove 2006:269 [ref. 28992], Larson et al. 2008:139 [ref. 29532], Murdy 2011:113 [ref. 31729], Larson et al. 2013:192 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:432 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Brachyamblyopus brachysoma (Bleeker 1854). Gobiidae: Amblyopinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

brahmi, Eviota Greenfield [D. W.] & Tornabene [L.] 2014:140, Figs. 3, 9-10 [Zootaxa 3793 (no. 1); ref. 33294] New Hanover, 2°36.786’S, 150°27.584’E, Papua New Guinea, depth 0-20 meters. Holotype: WAM P.33813-002. Paratypes: CAS 236654 (10). ROM 94897 (2), WAM P.33936-001 (2), USNM 219648 (39). Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Eviota brahmi Greenfield & Tornabene 2014 -- (Tornabene et al. 2016:1829 [ref. 34439], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:84 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota brahmi Greenfield & Tornabene 2014. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea and New Britian. Habitat: marine.

brasiliensis, Bathygobius Carvalho-Filho [A.] & De Araújo [M. E.] in Rodríguez-Rey, Carvalho-Filho, De Araújo &Solé-Cava 2017:9, Fig. 3 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society; ref. 35433] Praia do Boldró, Fernando de Noronha, Brazil, 03°51'S, 32°26'W. Holotype: ZUEC 9637. Paratypes: AMNH, MNRJ, MZUSP, UFPE, UFRN, USNM, ZUEC. Plus additional non-type specimens. •Valid as Bathygobius brasiliensis Carvalho-Filho & De Araújo 2017. Current status: Valid as Bathygobius brasiliensis Carvalho-Filho & De Araújo 2017. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Fernando de Noronha and Atol das Rocas, Brazil. Habitat: marine.

brasiliensis, Gobius Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:69 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Brazil. No types known. •Synonym of Gobioides broussonnetii Lacepède 1800 -- (Murdy 1998:129 [ref. 23380] as broussoneti, Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:660 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Gobioides broussonnetii Lacepède 1800. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brasiliensis, Lythrypnus Greenfield [D. W.] 1988:463, Figs. 3-4 [Copeia 1988 (no. 2); ref. 6413] Ilha Vitoria, Saco do Profesor, 23°44'40"S, 45°01'40"W, Brazil, depth 15.2 meters. Holotype: MZUSP 38108. Paratypes: GCRL 10941 (1), UF 42853 (14). •Valid as Lythrypnus brasiliensis Greenfield 1988 -- (Rocha & Rosa 2001:992 [ref. 25909], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:99 [ref. 27192], Van Tassell 2011:141 [ref. 31732]). Current status: Valid as Lythrypnus brasiliensis Greenfield 1988. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

brauneri, Benthophiloides Beling [D. E.] & Iljin [B. S.] 1927:309, Figs. 1-2, 5, 8 [Trav. Sta. Biol. Dniepre, Acad. Sci. Ukraine v. 3, livr. 7, no. 2; ref. 7211] Lower Dnieper River between Kherson and Kakhovka and southern Bug River between Novaya Odessa and Nikolayev, Ukraine. Syntypes: (34) ZIN 21989 (?). •Valid as Benthophiloides brauneri Beling & Iljin 1927 -- (Berg 1949:1107 [ref. 20662], Miller 1973:490 [ref. 6888], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1024 [ref. 13677], Coad 1995:29 [ref. 23608], Kottelat 1997:175 [ref. 22952], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:752 [ref. 24702], Vasil'eva 1998:127 [ref. 23591], Vasil'eva 2003:S42 [ref. 28444], Pinchuk & Miller in Miller 2004:153 [ref. 27853], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:181 [ref. 28369], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:554 [ref. 29996], Vasil'eva 2007:149 [ref. 30517], Neilson & Stepien 2009:96 [ref. 30487], Esmaeili et al. 2010:376 [ref. 33391], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:184 [ref. 31737], Freyhof 2011:282 [ref. 31742], Parin et al. 2015:477 [ref. 33547], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:896 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:79 [ref. 35254]). Current status: Valid as Benthophiloides brauneri Beling & Iljin 1927. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Azov and Black Sea basins, and Caspian Sea, Eurasia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

bravoi, Bathygobius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:112, Pl. 8 (fig. 1) [Monographs, Bureau of Science Manila Monogr. 23; ref. 2104] Coral reef pool at Romblon, Romblon Province, Philippines. Lectotype: BSMP 13019 (lost). Syntypes: BSMP 26190 (1) destroyed, seen by Koumans. Additional material: BSMP (7) presumed destroyed. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:183 [ref. 2676]. Lectotype selected by Koumans 1940:183. •Synonym of Bathygobius fuscus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Kottelat 2013:402 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Bathygobius fuscus (Rüppell 1830). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

bravoi, Macgregorella Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1940:363, Pl. 5 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 72 (no. 4); ref. 11010] Nasugbu, Batangas Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: CAS-SU 33120. Paratypes: (5) CAS-SU 33121 (4). Additional material: CAS-SU 28066 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:114 [ref. 12291]. •Tentatively valid -- (Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:638 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Pipidonia bravoi (Herre 1940) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:136 [ref. 25477]). •Valid as Gobiopsis bravoi (Herre 1940) -- (Allen 1997:218 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:256 [ref. 23965], Allen 2000:120 [ref. 25868], Larson & Murdy 2001:3598 [ref. 26293], Allen & Adrim 2003:59 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa 2010:97 [ref. 30809], Allen & Erdmann 2012:977 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Gobiopsis bravoi (Herre 1940). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Philippines, Palau and Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

bretti, Coryogalops Goren [M.] 1991:3, Figs. 1-5 [The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication No. 52; ref. 19343] Kwelera estuary (Cycad Krantz), 32°54'S, 28°05'E, Cape Province, South Africa. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 31626. Non-type material: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 74-95 (1 juv.). •Valid as Coryogalops bretti Goren 1991 -- (Schliewen 2011:216 [ref. 31738], Kovačić et al. 2014:513 [ref. 33562], Kovačić et al. 2016:343 [ref. 34349]). Current status: Valid as Coryogalops bretti Goren 1991. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: South Africa and Mauritius. Habitat: brackish.

breunigii, Gobius Steindachner [F.] 1879:140 [22] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 80 (nos 1-2); ref. 4229] Hakodate, Oshima Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan. Syntypes: NMW 30276 (8). On p. 22 of separate. •Synonym of Chaenogobius annularis Gill 1859 -- (Okada 1961:676 [ref. 6363]). •Valid as Gymnogobius breunigii (Steindachner 1879) -- (Stevenson 2002:276 [ref. 26489], Hagiwara 2003:38 [ref. 27188], Vasil'eva 2003:S45 [ref. 28444] dated 1880, Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:222 [ref. 28183], Vasil'eva 2005:710 [ref. 28421], Shedko & Chereshnev 2005:438 [ref. 30089] in subgenus Chloea, Matsui et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33344], Parin et al. 2014:485 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:188 [ref. 35257]). Current status: Valid as Gymnogobius breunigii (Steindachner 1879). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Yellow Sea, Sea of Japan and Okhotsk Sea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

breviceps, Evorthodus Gill [T. N.] 1859:195 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 11; ref. 1758] Near the mouth of a river near Pitch Lake, Trinidad Island, West Indies. Holotype (unique): USNM 34456 (poor condition). •Synonym of Evorthodus lyricus (Girard 1858) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:429 [ref. 24550], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:661 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Evorthodus lyricus (Girard 1858). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

breviceps, Gobius Blyth [E.] 1858:271 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 476] Port Blair, Andaman Islands. No types known. •Synonym of Bathygobius fuscus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Kottelat 2013:402 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Bathygobius fuscus (Rüppell 1830). Gobiidae: Gobiinae.

brevifile, Sicydium Ogilvie-Grant [W. R.] 1884:158, Pl. 12 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1884 (pt 2) (art. 1) (for 4 Mar. 1884); ref. 18151] Cameroon. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1866.6.26.10. •Valid as Sicydium brevifile Ogilvie-Grant 1884 -- (Maugé 1986:382 [ref. 6218], Harrison & Miller in Lévêque et al. 1992:805 [ref. 21590], Harrison 1993:205 [ref. 22083], Pezold et al. 2006:970 [ref. 28916], Harrison et al. 2007:505 [ref. 30083], Wirtz et al. 2007:21, 39 [ref. 30263], Schliewen 2011:212 [ref. 31738], Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2841 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Sicydium brevifile Ogilvie-Grant 1884. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gulf of Guinea and continental western central Africa [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brevifilis, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:90 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Puducherry, India. Syntypes: MNHN A-1357 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:27 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Yongeichthys nebulosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Maugé 1986:387 [ref. 6218], Kottelat 2013:432 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Yongeichthys nebulosus (Forsskål 1775). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

breviodontus, Gobius (Acanthogobius) ommaturus var. Wu [H.-W.] 1931:44, Fig. 7 [Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China. (Zoological Series) v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 16348] Fukien, China. Syntypes: (2) whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Synechogobius hasta (Temminck & Schkegel 1845) -- (Kottelat 2013:431 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Acanthogobius hasta (Temmenck & Schlegel 1845). Current status: Synonym of Acanthogobius hasta (Temminck & Schlegel 1845). Gobiidae: Gobiinae.

brevipterus, Luciogobius Chen [J. T. F.] 1932:648, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 4 (no. 6); ref. 16363] North of Hainan Island, China. Holotype (unique): NSYU ?. •Valid as Luciogobius brevipterus Chen 1932 -- (Okiyama 2001:141 [ref. 25683], Chen et al. 2008:253 [ref. 30075], Kanagawa et al. 2011:67 [ref. 31329]). Current status: Valid as Luciogobius brevipterus Chen 1932. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: marine.

brevirostris, Gobius Günther [A.] 1861:41 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] China. Holotype (unique): BMNH 2005.10.3.1. •Valid as Ctenogobius brevirostris (Günther 1861) -- (Wu & Ni in Kuang et al. 1986:297 [ref. 26639]). •Valid as Acentrogobius brevirostris (Günther 1861) -- (Kottelat 2013:397 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Acentrogobius brevirostris (Günther 1861). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

brevis, Amblyopus Günther [A.] 1864:151 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1864 (pt 1) (art. 3) (for 22 Mar. 1864); ref. 13930] El Salvador, Panama and Peru. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1864.1.26.416. •Valid as Gobioides brevis (Günther 1864) -- (Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1134 [ref. 22829]). •Not in Gobioides -- (Murdy 1998:130 [ref. 23380]). •Valid as Akko brevis (Günther 1864) -- (Van Tassell & Baldwin 2004:6 [ref. 27546], Acero P. et al. 2005:138 [ref. 28151], Van Tassell 2011:167 [ref. 31732]). Current status: Valid as Akko brevis (Günther 1864). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: El Salvador, Panama, Peru. Habitat: marine.

brevis, Sicyopterus de Beaufort [L. F.] 1912:141 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 39 (no. 3); ref. 235] Upper course of Tubah River, western Ceram, Indonesia. Syntypes: ZMA 110981 (2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:104 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Sicyopterus brevis de Beaufort 1912 -- (Kottelat 2013:427 [ref. 32989], Keith et al. 2015:382 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Sicyopterus brevis de Beaufort 1912. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Western Ceram, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brevispinis, Gladiogobius Shibukawa [K.] & Allen [G. R.] 2007:198, Figs. 1B, 2A, 3A [Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science (Ser. A) v. 33 (no. 4); ref. 30644] Gilimanuk, 8°12'S, 114°27'E, inner lagoon, Bali, Indonesia, depth 1-1.5 meters. Holotype: NICP 6286. Paratypes: NSMT-P 55899 (2, 1 c&s); URM-P 4123 (2), 31223 (1), 35312 (2); WAM-P.31531-004 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Gladiogobius brevispinis Shibukawa & Allen 2007 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:973 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Gladiogobius brevispinis Shibukawa & Allen 2007. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: China, Ryukyu Islands and Micronesia; Indonesia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

brevispinis, Microgobius Ginsburg [I.] 1939:56 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 12362] Balboa, (Pacific) Panama. Holotype: USNM 81842. Paratypes: CAS-SU 33209 (1); USNM 81841 (4), 81843 (2). •Valid as Microgobius brevispinis Ginsburg 1939 -- (Birdsong 1981:294 [ref. 5425], Allen & Robertson 1994:268 [ref. 22193], Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1135 [ref. 22829], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:450 [ref. 24550], Rüber et al. 2003:1598 [ref. 26969], Nelson et al. 2004:172 [ref. 27807], Van Tassell 2011:167 [ref. 31732], Tornabene et al. 2012:41 [ref. 32138], Page et al. 2013:178 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Microgobius brevispinis Ginsburg 1939. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southern Baja California, Gulf of California to Panama. Habitat: brackish, marine.

brevispinis, Tridentiger obscurus Katsuyama [I.], Arai [R.] & Nakamura [M.] 1972:600, Pl. 2 (figs. 1-4) [Bulletin of the National Science Museum (Tokyo) v. 15 (no. 4); ref. 7620] Minato River, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: NSMT-P 14549. Paratypes: NSMT-P 14400 (2), 14407 (2), 14411 (2), 14423 (4), 14438 (1), 14445 (12), 14449 (3), 14495 (11), 14548 (4), 14550-54 (1, 2, 19, 26, 2), 14558 (3). •Synonym of Tridentiger kuroiwae Jordan & Tanaka 1927, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:606 [ref. 25598], Mashiko & Yamane 1993:363 [ref. 22459], Pietsch et al. 2001:146 [ref. 25688], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:47 [ref. 26178], Kim & Park 2002:384 [ref. 25913]). •Synonym of Tridentiger obscurus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Reshetnikov et al. 1997:757 [ref. 24702], Vasil'eva 1998:147 [ref. 23591]). •Valid as Tridentiger brevispinis Katsuyama, Arai & Nakamura 1972 -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:271 [ref. 6441], Takahashi 1996:2 [ref. 24363], Kim 1997:459 [ref. 24032], Takahashi et al. 1997:49 [ref. 24971], Sato et al. 1998:43 [ref. 24972], Nakabo 2000:1257 [ref. 25182], Matsuura et al. 2000:242 [ref. 26000], Nakabo 2002:1257 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:400, 666 [ref. 26218], Yonezawa & Shinomiya 2002:2 [ref. 26563], Hagiwara 2003:40 [ref. 27188], Vasil'eva 2003:S53 [ref. 28444], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:236 [ref. 28183], Shedko & Chereshnev 2005:453 [ref. 30089], Matsui et al. 2014:7 [ref. 33344], Parin et al. 2014:505 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:193 [ref. 35257]). Current status: Valid as Tridentiger brevispinis Katsuyama, Arai & Nakamura 1972. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan, Korea and Russia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

britoi, Chromogobius Van Tassell [J. L.] 2001:1074, Figs. 1-4 [Copeia 2001 (no. 4); ref. 25824] Lanzarote, Puerto Del Carman, Canary Islands. Holotype: AMNH 59166. Paratypes: AMNH 59167-69 (1, 1, 1), 231799 (2, c&s), 231800 (1), 231802 (1); TFMC VP000490-91 (1, 3); UF 112064-65 (1, 1). •Valid as Chromogobius britoi Van Tassell 2001 -- (Engin & Dalgiç 2008:197 [ref. 29601], Schliewen & Kovačić 2008:258 [ref. 29882], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:185 [ref. 31737]), Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2839 [ref. 34618]. Current status: Valid as Chromogobius britoi Van Tassell 2001. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Madeira and Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

brittanicus, Gobius Thompson [W.] 1837:61 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London Part 5 (1837) (54); ref. 4388] Galway Bay, western coast of Ireland; Corfu [Kerkira Island], Greece, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Gobius niger Linnaeus 1758 -- (Miller 1973:483 [ref. 6888], Miller 1990:936 [ref. 19376], Kottelat 1997:176 [ref. 22952]). Current status: Synonym of Gobius niger Linnaeus 1758. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

brochus, Gobiodon Harold [A. S.] & Winterbottom [R.] 1999:50, Figs. 1-5 [Copeia 1999 (no. 1); ref. 23701] Great Astrolabe Reef, Dravuni Island off Univ. of the South Pacific field station, Fiji, 18°45'19"S, 178°31'21"E, depth 4-6 meters. Holotype: ROM 45616. Paratypes: ROM 45614 (2), 45617-20 (1, 1, 1, 1), 64436 (2), 69539 (1), 70105 (1), 1482CS (1, c&s); USNM 340094 (6), 340097 (5), 340437 (9); plus nontype specimens. •Valid as Gobiodon brochus Harold & Winterbottom 1999 -- (Munday et al. 1999:56 [ref. 24284], Larson & Murdy 2001:3597 [ref. 26293], Randall et al. 2004:27 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:537 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Larson 2006:1655 [ref. 29097], Harold et al. 2008:120 [ref. 29450], Shibukawa et al. 2013:161 [ref. 32951], Shibukawa et al. 2013:144 [ref. 32951]). Current status: Valid as Gobiodon brochus Harold & Winterbottom 1999. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

brocki, Gobiosoma Ginsburg [I.] 1938:58 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 17145] Los Frailes, near Cape San Lucas, Baja California. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 36565 [not CAS-SU 32970 as published]. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:113 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Elacatinus digueti (Pellegrin 1901) -- (Thomson et al. 2000:235 [ref. 25640], Hoese & Reader 2001:161 [ref. 26035]). •Synonym of Tigrigobius digueti (Pellegrin 1901). Current status: Synonym of Tigrigobius digueti (Pellegrin 1901). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

brocki, Vaimosa Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1936:9, Pl. 5 [Bulletin of the Raffles Museum No. 12; ref. 10994] Reef in Singapore Harbor. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 30965. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:151-152 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:118 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Stigmatogobius brocki (Herre 1936) -- (Roberts 1989:168 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:154 [ref. 23448]). •Synonym of Stigmatogobius sella (Steindachner 1881) -- (Larson 2001:211 [ref. 25522], Larson 2005:363 [ref. 28521], Larson et al. 2008:144 [ref. 29532], Kottelat 2013:430 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Stigmatogobius sella (Steindachner 1881). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

broussonnetii, Gobioides Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:576, 580, Pl. 17 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 2; ref. 2709] No locality stated [? Suriname]. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-4209. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:24 [ref. 19958]. Murdy 1998:129 [ref. 23380] regards MNHN 4209 as the holotype. The original spelling probably should be retained. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:254, 259 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Valid as Gobioides broussonnetii Lacepède 1800 [often as broussoneti] -- (Lee et al. 1980:790 [ref. 22416], Robins & Ray 1986:246 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:166 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1994:167 [ref. 24488], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:243 [ref. 22947], González Bencomo et al. 1997:159 [ref. 24960], Caruso 1998:193 [ref. 23489], Murdy 1998:129 [ref. 23380], Aguilera 1998:52 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:429 [ref. 24550] as broussonneti, Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:313 [ref. 25013], Schwartz 1999:284 [ref. 25307], Marín 2000:78 [ref. 26252], Camargo & Isaac 2001:142 [ref. 27639], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1795 [ref. 27111], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:660 [ref. 27061], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:99 [ref. 27192], Ross & Rhode 2004:309 [ref. 27789] as broussonneti, Nelson et al. 2004:171 [ref. 27807], Boschung & Mayden 2004:629 [ref. 27995] as broussonetii and original genus as Gobius, McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:704 [ref. 28815], Van Tassell 2011:144 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:177 [ref. 32708], Angulo et al. 2013:1009 [ref. 33194], DoNascimiento 2016:536 [ref. 34727] as broussonetti). Current status: Valid as Gobioides broussonnetii Lacepède 1800. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: North, Central and South America: Belize, Brazil, Colombia, Cuba, French Guiana, Guiana, Mexico, Puerto Rico, Suriname, U.S.A. and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brunneus, Gobius Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1845:142, Pl. 74 (fig. 2) [Fauna Japonica Parts 7-9; ref. 4373] Nagasaki Bay, Japan. Holotype (unique): RMNH PISC 1923. Type catalog: Boeseman 1947:123-124 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Ctenogobius brunneus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Zheng 1989:347 [ref. 21202], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:483 [ref. 23876], Deng in Ding 1994:525 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:182 [ref. 25213], Cheng & Zhou 1997:380 [ref. 26385]). •Valid as Rhinogobius brunneus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:269 [ref. 6441], Al-Hassan & Miller 1987:405 [ref. 22501], Masuda et al. 1989 [ref. 20457], Kim 1997:452 [ref. 24032], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:757 [ref. 24702], Vasil'eva 1998:146 [ref. 23591], Chen & Miller 1998:219 [ref. 23576], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:13 [ref. 24670] as species and subspecies, Chen et al. 1999:45 [ref. 24092], Sakai et al. 2000:52 [ref. 24911], Matsuura et al. 2000:230 [ref. 26000], Pietsch et al. 2001:146 [ref. 25688], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:47 [ref. 26178], Kim & Park 2002:376 [ref. 25913], Youn 2002:400, 664 [ref. 26218], Jang et al. 2003:120 [ref. 27681], Vasil'eva 2003:S53 [ref. 28444], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:234 [ref. 28183], Valil'eva 2007:695 [ref. 29425], Scharpf 2009:14 [ref. 30400], van Oijen et al. 2011:7 [ref. 31430], Suzuki et al. 2012:698 [ref. 31734], Kottelat 2013:424 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:201 [ref. 34477], Takahashi & Okazaki 2017:[3] [ref. 35171], Suzuki et al. 2017:80 [ref. 35202], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:192 [ref. 35257] with question). Current status: Valid as Rhinogobius brunneus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: China, Japan, Korea, Philippines and Russia; established or reported from localized areas in U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brunneus, Gobius Poey [F.] 1868:393 [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3505] Havana, Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 13110 (2). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:214 [ref. 22926] with largest specimen in MCZ 13110 as holotype. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Gobius brunneus Temminck & Schlegel 1845. •Synonym of Bathygobius soporator (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Tornabene et al. 2010:159, 163 [ref. 30990]). Current status: Synonym of Bathygobius soporator (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

brunnoides, Gobius (Glossogobius) Nichols [J. T.] 1951:6, Fig. 4 [American Museum Novitates No. 1539; ref. 12905] Nondugl, Wahgi Valley, Papua New Guinea, elevation 5200 feet. Holotype: AMNH 19468. Paratypes: AMNH 19469 (4). •Valid as Glossogobius brunnoides (Nichols 1951) -- (Allen 1991:180 [ref. 21090], Hoese & Allen 2015:214 [ref. 33880]). Current status: Valid as Glossogobius brunnoides (Nichols 1951). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bruynisi, Schismatogobius de Beaufort [L. F.] 1912:139 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 39 (no. 3); ref. 235] Eme River, Honitetu, western Ceram, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ZMA 111196. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:103 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Schismatogobius bruynisi de Beaufort 1912 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:152 [ref. 23448], Chen et al. 2001:141 [ref. 25462], Keith et al. 2004:237 [ref. 27963], Jenkins & Boseto 2005:75 [ref. 28214], Kottelat 2013:427 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:94 [ref. 34492], Keith et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35180], Keith et al. 2017:209 [ref. 35442], Maeda et al. 2017:2 [ref. 35500]). Current status: Valid as Schismatogobius bruynisi de Beaufort 1912. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Indonesia (Java, Bali, Lombok, Sumatra, Ambon and Ceram), Solomon Islands and PNG. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

bryozophila, Sueviota Allen [G. R.], Erdmann [M. V.] & Cahyani [N. K. D.] 2016:78, Figs. 1-4 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 20; ref. 34410] Ambon Bay, Ambon, Maluku Province, Indonesia, 3°42.003'S, 128°06.340'E, depth 20 meters. Holotype: MZB 22140. Paratypes: MZB, WAM. •Valid as Sueviota bryozophila Allen, Erdmann & Cahyani 2016 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2017:5 [ref. 35130], Greenfield & Randall 2017:9 [ref. 35230]). Current status: Valid as Sueviota bryozophila Allen, Erdmann & Cahyani 2016. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

buanensis, Amblygobius perpusillus var. Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:230, Pl. 18 (fig. 2) [Monographs, Bureau of Science Manila Monogr. 23; ref. 2104] Puerto Princesa, Palawan; Buan Island, off eastern coast of Tawitrawi, Philippines. Syntypes: BSMP 5106 (1) and BSMP (1) presumed destroyed. •Valid as Amblygobius buanensis Herre 1927 -- (Myers 1999:242 [ref. 23965], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:635 [ref. 25122], Allen 2000:118 [ref. 25868], Larson & Murdy 2001:3594 [ref. 26293], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:175 [ref. 27510], Allen & Erdmann 2012:955 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:398 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Amblygobius buanensis Herre 1927. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

bucca, Varicus Robins [C. R.] & Böhlke [J. E.] 1961:47, Figs. 1-3 [Copeia 1961 (no. 1); ref. 3787] Saba Bank, between St. Kitts, British West Indies, and St. Croix Island, Virgin Islands, 17°33'N, 63°35'W, depth 125-132 fathoms. Holotype: ANSP 93083. Paratypes: FMNH 65608 (1), UF 207114 [ex UMML 7114] (1), USNM 143022 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:105 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:85 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Varicus bucca Robins & Böhlke 1961 -- (Hastings & Bortone 1981:435 [ref. 5246], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1795 [ref. 27111], Van Tassell 2011:156 [ref. 31732], Hastings & Findley 2015:594 [ref. 33639], Tornabene et al. 2016:13 [ref. 34435]). Current status: Valid as Varicus bucca Robins & Böhlke 1961. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Antilles. Habitat: marine.

buccatus, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:60 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] No locality. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1362. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:28 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Caffrogobius nudiceps (Valenciennes 1837). Current status: Synonym of Caffrogobius nudiceps (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

bucchichi, Gobius Steindachner [F.] 1870:627 [5], Pl. 2 (fig. 4) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 61 (1. Abth.); ref. 4218] Hvar=Lesina, Croatia, 43°10'N, 16°27'E, Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). Lectotype: NMW 28783. Paralectotypes: (several) NMW 28784-90 (1 ea.), 28791-92 (2, 1); MSNG 12665 [ex NMW] (1); SMNS 2701 (1); ZMUO J1127 (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:342 [ref. 10350], Pethon 1969:10 [ref. 19268], Fricke 1995:14 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:40 [ref. 29864]. On p. 5 of separate. Lectotype selected by Kovačić & Šanda 2016:11 [ref. 34173]. •Valid as Gobius bucchichi Steindachner 1870 -- (Miller 1973:485 [ref. 6888], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1037 [ref. 13677], Brito & Miller 2001:266 [ref. 25096] as buchichii, Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:130 [ref. 26753], Vasil'eva 2003:S44 [ref. 28444], Fricke et al. 2007:103 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:153 [ref. 30517], Kovačić & Golani2008:418 [ref. 33214], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:186 [ref. 31737], Schliewen 2011:217 [ref. 31738], Parin et al. 2015:481 [ref. 33547], Kovačić & Šanda 2016:1114 [ref. 34173]), Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2840 [ref. 34618]. Current status: Valid as Gobius bucchichi Steindachner 1870. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and adjacent coast of southern Portugal and Morocco (eastern Atlantic). Habitat: marine.

bucco, Tridentiger Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1901:115, Fig. 24 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 24 (no. 1244); ref. 2509] Misaki, Kanagawa Prefecture, Sagami Sea, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 6459. Paratypes: CAS-SU 6655 (5), USNM 49902 (4). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:144 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:118 [ref. 12291]. Types: Shinohara & Williams 2006:565 [ref. 31656]. •Synonym of Tridentiger trigonocephalus (Gill 1859) -- (Berg 1949:1103 [ref. 20662], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:348 [ref. 7348], Vasil'eva 1998:148 [ref. 23591]). •Synonym of Tridentiger bifasciatus Steindachner 1881 -- (Akihito & Sakamoto 1989:106 [ref. 14124], Vasil'eva 2003:S53 [ref. 28444], Parin et al. 2014:505 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Tridentiger bifasciatus Steindachner 1881. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bucculentus, Chonophorus Poey [F.] 1860:275 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Syntypes and/or Poey specimens: MCZ 13330 (1), 13375 (1), 13379-80 (1, 1); USNM 4772 (1), 4774 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:215 [ref. 22926]. •Synonym of Awaous banana (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Watson 1996:3 [ref. 22211], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:658 [ref. 27061], Lasso-Alcalá & Lasso 2008:126 [ref. 30588]). Current status: Synonym of Awaous banana (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

bucculentus, Tukugobius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:121, Pl. 8 (fig. 4) [Monographs, Bureau of Science Manila Monogr. 23; ref. 2104] Creek at Santa Fe, Nueva Vizcaya Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 11543 (destroyed, seen by Koumans). Paratypes: (45) BSMP 12399 (1) and 26563-70 (9) destroyed, seen by Koumans. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:183 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Rhinogobius similis Gill 1859 -- (Okada 1961:659 [ref. 6363]). •Valid as Rhinogobius bucculentus (Herre 1927) -- (Kottelat 2013:424 [ref. 32989], Takahashi & Okazaki 2017:[3] [ref. 35171], Suzuki et al. 2017:80 [ref. 35202]). •Valid as Tukugobius bucculentus Herre 1927 -- (Endruweit 2017:558 [ref. 35366]). Current status: Valid as Tukugobius bucculentus Herre 1927. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Luzon Island, Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

buchanani, Amblyopus Day [F.] 1873:110 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1873 (pt 1) (art. 4) (for 21 Jan. 1873); ref. 14185] Calcutta, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7583 (1, syntype); NMW 76500a (1); ZSI F76 (1) Calcutta, F2113 (1) Moulmein. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:154 [ref. 20743], Whitehead & Talwar 1976:162 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:295 [ref. 25110]. •Valid as Taenioides buchanani (Day 1873) -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:314 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:985 [ref. 20764], Rema Devi 1993:186 [ref. 24020], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Ataur Rahman 2003:340 [ref. 31338], Proudlove 2006:269 [ref. 28992], Kottelat 2013:434 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Taenioides buchanani (Day 1873). Gobiidae: Amblyopinae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean. Habitat: brackish, marine.

buchanani, Waitea Rao [V. V.] 1972:130, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 69 (pt 1) (for Apr. 1972); ref. 7656] Godavari River estuary, Andhra Pradesh, India. Holotype (unique): ZMAU. See Das 2003:374 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Mahidolia mystacina (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:938 [ref. 20764], Kottelat 2013:412 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mahidolia mystacina (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bulbiceps, Cryptocentroides Whitley [G. P.] 1953:129, Fig. 3 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 23 (no. 3); ref. 12672] Palm Island, northern Queensland, Australia. Holotype: QM I.10705 [ex DHMB 1782]. Paratypes: QM I.10704 (1). •Valid as Cryptocentrus bulbiceps (Whitley 1953) -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3596 [ref. 26293], Hoese & Larson 2004:168 [ref. 28074], Hoese & Larson 2006:1637 [ref. 29097]). Current status: Valid as Cryptocentrus bulbiceps (Whitley 1953). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Queensland, Australia. Habitat: marine.

bulejiensis, Monishia Hoda [S. M. S.] 1983:111, Fig. 1 [Biologia (Lahore) v. 29 (no. 1); ref. 8332] Buleji, Karachi coast, Pakistan. Holotype: ROM 37395. Paratypes: AMS I.36100-001 (1), CEMBP 203 (7), ROM 37711 (8). Also appeared as new in Hoda 1983:142 [ref. 8214]. •Valid as Coryogalops bulejiensis (Hoda 1983) -- (Goren 1985:3 [ref. 5179], Goren 1991:2 [ref. 19343], Randall 1995:331 [ref. 22896], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Kovačić et al. 2014:513 [ref. 33562], Kovačić et al. 2016:343 [ref. 34349]). Current status: Valid as Coryogalops bulejiensis (Hoda 1983). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

bulmeri, Glossogobius Whitley [G. P.] 1959:318 [Australian Zoologist v. 12 (pt 4); ref. 4729] Kwan Stream, flowing into lower Lanim River, Sepik River drainage, New Guinea. Holotype (unique): AMS IB.3564. •Valid as Glossogobius bulmeri Whitley 1959 -- (Allen & Coates 1990:105 [ref. 25561], Hoese & Allen 1990:118 [ref. 19360], Allen 1991:179 [ref. 21090], Hoese & Allen 2015:214 [ref. 33880]). Current status: Valid as Glossogobius bulmeri Whitley 1959. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

bungei, Chloea Schmidt [P. J.] 1931:119, Fig. 5 [Bulletin de l'Academie des Sciences, Leningrad (Ser. 7); ref. 16331] Port Shestakoff, Seikosin, North Korea. Syntypes: ZIN 23107 (3). •Valid as Gymnogobius bungei (Schmidt 1931) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:379 [ref. 7348]). •Synonym of Gymnogobius mororanus (Jordan & Snyder 1901) -- (Stevenson 2002:293 [ref. 26489], Vasil'eva 2003:S46 [ref. 28444], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:223 [ref. 28183], Parin et al. 2014:487 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:190 [ref. 35257]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnogobius mororanus (Jordan & Snyder 1901). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

burmanicus, Brachyamblyopus Hora [S. L.] 1926:455, Fig. 2 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 27 (pt 6); ref. 2207] A small pond opening into Rangoon River, about 3 miles below Rangoon, Myanmar. Syntypes: ZSI FF10746/1 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:152 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:372 [ref. 27706]. •Questionably a synonym of Trypauchenopsis intermedia Volz 1903 -- (Shibukawa & Murdy 2012:527 [ref. 32199]). •Valid as Brachyamblyopus burmanicus Hora 1926 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:982 [ref. 20764], Shestha 2008:223 [ref. 29923], Kottelat 2013:432 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Brachyamblyopus burmanicus Hora 1926. Gobiidae: Amblyopinae. Distribution: Indo-Australian Archipelago and south-central Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

burmeisteri, Gobius Kessler [K. F.] 1877:26, Pl. 2 (fig. 5) [The Aralo-Caspian Expedition; ref. 2597] Poti, Black Sea, Georgia, Eurasia. Holotype (unique): ZIN (not found in 1996). •Synonym of Mesogobius gymnotrachelus (Kessler 1857) -- (Berg 1949:1098 [ref. 20662]). •Synonym of Neogobius gymnotrachelus (Kessler 1857) -- (Miller 1973:502 [ref. 6888], Kottelat 1997:178 [ref. 22952], Vasil'eva 1998:139 [ref. 23591], Pinchuk et al. 2003:265 [ref. 27349], Vasil'eva 2003:S50 [ref. 28444]). •Synonym of Babka gymnotrachelus (Kessler 1857) -- (Neilson & Stepien 2009:97 [ref. 30487]). •Synonym of Ponticola gymnotrachelus (Kessler 1857) -- (Parin et al. 2014:498 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Babka gymnotrachelus (Kessler 1857). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

burridgeae, Trimma Winterbottom [R.] 2016:28, Figs. 19-23, 31 [Zootaxa 4144 (no. 1); ref. 34613] Hatohobei State, South West Islands of Palau. Holotype: ROM 100153. Paratypes: ROM. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Trimma burridgeae Winterbottom 2016 -- (Viviani et al. 2016:4 [ref. 34831], Winterbottom 2017:568 [ref. 35329]). Current status: Valid as Trimma burridgeae Winterbottom 2016. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific Ocean: Palau. Habitat: marine.

burtoni, Gobius O'Shaughnessy [A. W. E.] 1875:144 [1] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 15 (no. 86) (art. 19); ref. 18481] Fernando Póo Island [Bioco Island], Equatorial Guinea, Gulf of Guinea. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1863.4.16.9. On p. 1 of separate. •Synonym of Bathygobius soporator (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Maugé 1986:362 [ref. 6218]). •Valid as Bathygobius burtoni (O'Shaughnessy 1875) -- (Miller & Smith 1989:295 [ref. 25535], Miller 1990:925 [ref. 19376], Afonso et al. 1999:79 [ref. 25466], Wirtz et al. 2007:20, 39 [ref. 30263], Schliewen 2011:214 [ref. 31738], Félix et al. 2016:D [4] [ref. 34346], Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2839 [ref. 34618], Rodríguez-Rey et al. 2017:11 [ref. 35433]). Current status: Valid as Bathygobius burtoni (O'Shaughnessy 1875). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Gulf of Guinea islands and coast from Ghana and Cameroon. Habitat: brackish, marine.

buscki, Sicydium Evermann [B. W.] & Clark [H. W.] 1906:854, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 30 (no. 1478); ref. 15656] Small brook in San Francisco Mts., Santo Domingo [Dominican Republic], West Indies. Holotype (unique): USNM 53276. •Valid as Sicydium buscki Evermann & Clark 1906 -- (Watson 2000:6 [ref. 24994], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1795 [ref. 27111], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:662 [ref. 27061], Van Tassell 2011:145 [ref. 31732], de Lucena et al.2013:142 [ref. 32517], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:80 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Sicydium buscki Evermann & Clark 1906. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: (amphidromus). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bussoni, Schismatogobius Keith [P.], Hubert [N.], Limmon [G.] & Darhuddin [H.] in Keith, Lord, Darhuddin, Limmon, Sukmono, Hadiaty & Hubert 2017:203, Figs. 2, 5 [Cybium v. 41 (no. 2); ref. 35442] Wai Kalauli, Ambon, Moluccas. Holotype: MZB 23798. Paratypes: MNHN, MZB. •Valid as Schismatogobius bussoni Keith, Hubert, Limmon & Darhuddin 2017. Current status: Valid as Schismatogobius bussoni Keith, Hubert, Limmon & Darhuddin 2017. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Ceram and Ambon, Moluccas, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

bustamantaei, Lentipes Boulenger [G. A.] (ex Greeff) 1916:46 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 4; ref. 585] São Tomé Island, Rio do Ouro, Gulf of Guinea. Syntypes: BMNH 1914.12.28.3-12 (now 6). Based on Sicydium bustamantei Greeff 1884; name changed to bustamantaei by Boulenger. Boulenger made his description from new specimens, not from Greeff specimens. Lentipes bustamantaei is available. Boulenger used "ae" to replace Greeff's "é". •Valid, but genus may change -- (Nishimoto & Fitzsimons 1986:811 [ref. 6319]). •Synonym of Sicydium bustamantei Greeff 1884 -- (Pezold et al. 2006:972 [ref. 28916], Jenkins et al. 2008:171 [ref. 29883] as bustamantaei, Wirtz et al. 2007:21 [ref. 30263]). •The marine larva of Sicydium bustamantei Greeff 1884 -- (pers. comm. from N. Bailly on Boden, Keith, Busson and Capuli, 25 Feb. 2012). Current status: Synonym of Sicydium bustamantei Greeff 1884. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bustamantei, Gobius Greeff [R.] 1882:37 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft zur Beförderung der Gesamten Naturwissenschaften zu Marburg. 1882 (pt. 2) (no. 2); ref. 21732] São Tomé Island, Gulf of Guinea. Syntypes: NMH 12295-96 (3); ZMB 12009 (1); ZMH 8108-10 (1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Wilkens & Dohse 1993:420 [ref. 21161]. Original as Bustamentéi on p. 37, Bustamantéi on p. 38 (correct), named for Dr. de Bustamante. See Greeff 1884. This record changed Feb. 2012. •Valid as Chonophorus bustamantei (Greeff 1882) -- (Maugé 1986:364 [ref. 6218]). •Valid as Sicydium bustamantei (Greeff 1882) -- (Maugé 1986:383 [ref. 6218], Wirtz et al. 2007:40 [ref. 30263]). •Synonym of Awaous lateristriga Duméril 1858 or 1861 -- (Watson 1996:10 [ref. 22211]). •Valid as Awaous bustamantei (Greeff 1882) -- (Harrison 1993:213 [ref. 22083], Harrison et al. 2007:521 [ref. 30083], Schliewen 2011:210 [ref. 31738], Félix et al. 2016:D [4] [ref. 34346]). Current status: Valid as Awaous bustamantei (Greeff 1882). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Gulf of Guinea islands [apparenly not Cameroon]. Habitat: freshwater.

bustamantei, Sicydium Greeff [R.] 1884:50 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft zur Beförderung der Gesamten Naturwissenschaften zu Marburg. 1884 (pt. 2); ref. 28781] Säo Tomé Island, Gulf of Guinea. Syntypes: ZMH 19295 [ex 8381] (1), H 19296 [ex 8382] (1). Lectotype designation not researched; listed in Pezold et al. 2006:967 [ref. 28916], but that designation is Invalid. Greeff 1884 recognized that Gobius bustamanei Greeff 1882 consisted of two species; he retained the larger specimens as Gobius bustamanei and the smaller specimens were given the name Sicydium bustamantei. •Valid as Sicydium bustamantei Greeff 1884 -- (Pezold et al. 2006:972 [ref. 28916], Harrison et al. 2007:511 [ref. 30083], Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2842 [ref. 34618] as bustamentei). Current status: Valid as Sicydium bustamantei Greeff 1884. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Cameroon and Gulf of Guinea and islands of Gulf of Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

byblisia, Knipowitschia Ahnelt [H.] 2011:23, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa No. 3114; ref. 31650] Lake Köycegiz, 36°55'N, 28°40'E, southwest Turkey. Holotype: ZMH 2175. Paratypes: ZMH 25903 (14). •Valid as Knipowitschia byblisia Ahnelt 2011 -- (Ahnelt 2016:9195 [ref. 34845], Çiçek et al. 2016:116 [ref. 35152]). Current status: Valid as Knipowitschia byblisia Ahnelt 2011. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Lake Köycegiz, southwest Turkey. Habitat: freshwater.

bynoensis, Gobius Richardson [J.] 1844:1, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-2) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Coasts of Western Australia [actual Bynoe Harbour, Northern Territory]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 2012.11.8.5. •Valid as Amblygobius bynoensis (Richardson 1844) -- (Larson & Williams 1997:367 [ref. 23967], Kuiter 1997:344 [ref. 25488], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:635 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3594 [ref. 26293], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Adrim et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27715] with distribution change, Hoese & Larson 2006:1621 [ref. 29097], Larson et al. 2013:189 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Amblygobius bynoensis (Richardson 1844). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

cableae, Eleotrica Ginsburg [I.] 1933:11, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 82 (no. 2961); ref. 1800] San Cristóbal Island [Chatham Island], Galápagos Islands. Holotype: USNM 65517. Additional material: (2) mentioned but not studied. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:132 [ref. 2676]. •Valid as Eleotrica cableae Ginsburg 1933 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:263 [ref. 22193], Birdsong & Robins 1995:682 [ref. 21667], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:548 [ref. 24023], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Van Tassell 2011:153 [ref. 31732], Tornabene et al. 2016:13 [ref. 34435]). Current status: Valid as Eleotrica cableae Ginsburg 1933. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.

cacabet, Illana Smith [H. M.] & Seale [A.] 1906:80, Fig. [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 19; ref. 4059] Rio Grande, Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 55622. Paratypes: BSMP 10603 [ex 4258] (1) destroyed, USNM 126396 [ex USBF 1484 and 4242] (3). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:129, 191 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Illana bicirrhosus (Weber 1894) -- (Wu in Pan et al. 1991:467 [ref. 23876]). •Synonym of Glossogobius bicirrhosus (Weber 1894) -- (Kottelat 2013:407 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Glossogobius bicirrhosus (Weber 1894). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

caeculus, Amblyopus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:165 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Puducherry, India. No types known. Gobiidae: Amblyopinae.

caeruleomaculatus, Boleophthalmus McCulloch [A. R.] & Waite [E. R.] 1918:79, Pl. 8 (fig. 1) [Records of the South Australian Museum (Adelaide) v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 15100] Adelaide River, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: SAMA F590. Paratypes: AMS I.14325 (1); SAMA F591 (3). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:172 [ref. 2676] (specimens seen), Glover 1976:175 [ref. 19449]. •Valid as Boleophthalmus caeruleomaculatus McCulloch & Waite 1918 -- (Murdy 1989:16 [ref. 13628], Allen 1997:222 [ref. 23977], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3602 [ref. 26293], Allen et al. 2008:177 [ref. 30265], Takita et al. 2011:195 [ref. 31704], Murdy 2011:104 [ref. 31728], Polgar et al. 2013:319 [ref. 32496], Larson et al. 2013:192 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Boleophthalmus caeruleomaculatus McCulloch & Waite 1918. Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Distribution: Northern Australia and southern Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

caeruleomaculatus, Mars Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1933:22 [Copeia 1933 (no. 1); ref. 2106] Tide flats at Jolo, Sulu Islands, Philippines. Holotype: CAS-SU 25502. Paratypes: CAS-SU 16959 (5). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:147 [ref. 2676] as coeruleo-maculatus, Böhlke 1953:115 [ref. 12291]. Originally as caeruleo-maculatus. •Synonym of Cryptocentrus octofasciatus Regan 1908 -- (Allen 1997:216 [ref. 23977] as octafasciatus). •Valid as Cryptocentrus caeruleomaculatus (Herre 1933) -- (Yanagisawa 1978:278 [ref. 7028], Allen & Swainston 1988:134 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1997:530 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:239 [ref. 23965], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1226 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3596 [ref. 26293], Sakai et al. 2001:110 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:1226 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:57 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:642 [ref. 27495], Hoese & Larson 2004:168 [ref. 28074], Randall et al. 2005:128 [ref. 28745], Hoese & Larson 2006:1637 [ref. 29097], Larson et al. 2008:147 [ref. 29532], Shibukawa 2009:267 [ref. 30449], Motomura et al. 2010:208 [ref. 31256], Allen & Randall 2011:559 [ref. 31615], Allen & Erdmann 2012:869 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:194 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:161 [ref. 33932], Allen 2015:72 [ref. 33923], Koeda et al. 2016:90 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Cryptocentrus caeruleomaculatus (Herre 1933). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean and western Pacific: Andaman Sea to Solomon Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

caeruleopunctatus, Gobius Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1830:134 [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 1936. Paralectotypes and Rüppell spec.: BMNH 1860.11.19.68-69 (2); NMW 29156-57 (1, 1); RMNH 1860 (1?), 1900 (1), 1901 (1?); SMF 4771-72 (2). Lectotype established by Dor 1984:242 [ref. 29757] if not designated earlier. •Valid as Cryptocentrus caeruleopunctatus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Goren 1979:28 [ref. 1852], Dor 1984:242 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:64 [ref. 25356], Hoese & Larson 2004:169 [ref. 28074], Randall 2005:527 [ref. 28239], Hoese et al. 2011:168 [ref. 31450], Freinschlag & Patzner 2012:42 [ref. 31789]). Current status: Valid as Cryptocentrus caeruleopunctatus (Rüppell 1830). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

caeruleus, Gobius Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1800:537, 560 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 2; ref. 2709] Réunion, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types preserved. Based on manuscript description by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). Bauchot et al. 1991:55 [ref. 19958] indicated that two spellings were used: coeruleus on p. 537 and caeruleus on p. 560 and selected coeruleus, but CAS copy has only caeruleus. No types at MNHN: Bauchot et al. 1991:55 [ref. 19958]. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:194, 232 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Valid as Sicyopterus caeruleus (Lacepède 1800) -- (Maugé 1986:384 [ref. 6218], Fricke 1999:521 [ref. 24106], Buden et al. 2001:6 [ref. 25496]). •Possibly the same as Sicyopterus laticeps (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Sparks & Nelson 2004:4 [ref. 27700] with author as Commerson). •Synonym of Sicyopterus lagocephalus (Pallas 1770) -- (Watson et al. 2000:13 [ref. 25138], Keith et al. 2015:102 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Synonym of Sicyopterus lagocephalus (Pallas 1770). Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

caeruleus, Stiphodon Parenti [L. R.] & Maciolek [J. A.] 1993:966, Figs. 5C, 13-14 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 53 (no. 3); ref. 21279] 4th tributary of Nanpil-Kiepw River, Ponape, eastern Caroline Islands. Holotype: CAS 67350. Paratypes: BPBM 35017 [ex CAS 67316] (8); CAS 67316 (74, 4 c&s), 67318 (32), 67320-21 (5, 20), 67327-28 (31, 15), 67330-33 (21, 19, 3, 24), 67336 (4), 67344-49 (6), 67351-54 (4), 67355-57 (3), 67443 (16), 67449 (10), 77368 [ex CAS 67491] (1); ROM 64672 [ex CAS 67316] (4); USNM 223007 (28), 322471 [ex CAS 67316] (8). •Valid as Stiphodon caeruleus Parenti & Maciolek 1993 -- (Watson 1996:114 [ref. 22688], Larson & Murdy 2001:3603 [ref. 26293], Chabarria et al. 2014:23 [ref. 33324], Keith et al. 2015:186 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Stiphodon caeruleus Parenti & Maciolek 1993. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Micronesia [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

caesiura, Trimma Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:391, Fig. 83 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Apia, Upolu Island, Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51772 [not 31772]. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:124 [ref. 2676]. •Valid as Trimma caesiura Jordan & Seale 1906 -- (Yoshino & Shimada in Masuda et al. 1984:245 [ref. 6441], Myers 1999:260 [ref. 23965], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:640 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1176 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:121 [ref. 25868], Larson & Murdy 2001:3600 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1176 [ref. 26193], Winterbottom & Villa 2003:19 [ref. 26965], Myers & Donaldson 2003:645 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:28 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:552 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Larson 2006:1688 [ref. 29097], Hagiwara & Winterbottom 2007:164 [ref. 29103], Motomura et al. 2010:220 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:935 [ref. 31980], Winterbottom 2014:214 [ref. 33327], Winterbottom et al. 2014:382 [ref. 33402], Winterbottom & Hoese 2015:19, 41 [ref. 33709], Suzuki et al. 2015:67 [ref. 33746]). Current status: Valid as Trimma caesiura Jordan & Seale 1906. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Japan, Micronesia east to Samoa, south to Great Barrier Reef. Habitat: marine.

caffer, Gobius Günther [A.] 1874:453 [5] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 14 (no. 84) (art. 55); ref. 5753] Port Elizabeth, South Africa, western Indian Ocean. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1871.4.21.17. •Valid as Caffrogobius caffer (Günther 1874) -- (Hoese 1986:783 [ref. 5670], Maugé 1986:362 [ref. 6218], Randall 1995:795 [ref. 22357], Goren 1996:7 [ref. 24415], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:395 [ref. 28072], Schliewen 2011:214 [ref. 31738]). Current status: Valid as Caffrogobius caffer (Günther 1874). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic and southwestern Indian Ocean: southern Africa. Habitat: marine.

cagayanensis, Vaimosa Aurich [H.] 1938:169, Fig. 22 [Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie, Leipzig v. 38 (no. 1/2); ref. 152] Singuan and Sulu Lakes, Cagayan Sulu, Philippines. Lectotype: ZMH H420 (Ladiges), ZMH 420a (Larson). Paralectotypes: ZMH H420 (2). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:166 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:408 [ref. 21161]. Lectotype (largest specimen) isolated and designated by Ladiges et al. 1958:166 [ref. 19181], also designated by Larson 2001:102 [ref. 25522]. •Valid as Mugilogobius cagayanensis (Aurich 1938) -- (Larson 2001:97 [ref. 25522], Kottelat 2013:413 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Mugilogobius cagayanensis (Aurich 1938). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

caguitae, Sicydium Evermann [B. W.] & Marsh [M. C.] 1899:355 [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner v. 25 (for 1899) Appendix 7; ref. 1283] Río de Caguita at Caguas, Puerto Rico. Holotype (unique): USNM 49364. •Mention -- (Bussing 1996:823 [ref. 22890]). •Valid as Sicydium caguitae Evermann & March 1899 -- (Murdy & Hoese 2003:1795 [ref. 27111]). •Synonym of Sicydium plumieri (Bloch 1786) -- (Watson 2000:14 [ref. 24994], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:662 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Sicydium plumieri (Bloch 1786). Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

calamianensis, Ctenogobius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1934:83 [Notes on fishes in the Zoological Museum of Stanford University. 1. The fishes of the Herre Philippine expedition of 1931.; ref. 2108] Tide pool on an islet in Culion harbor, Calamianes, Philippines. Holotype: CAS-SU 26388. Paratypes: CAS-SU 16960 (1). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:148 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:110 [ref. 12291]. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

calderae, Gobius Evermann [B. W.] & Seale [A.] 1906:511, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 31 (no. 1491); ref. 15657] Caldera Bay, Zamboanga, Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 55625 [not 53625]. Paratypes: (3) MCZ 36018 (1). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:128 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Istigobius ornatus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Murdy & Hoese 1985:9 [ref. 5237], Kottelat 2013:411 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Istigobius ornatus (Rüppell 1830). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

caledonicus, Gobius Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:46 [7] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3887] New Caledonia. Syntypes: MNHN A-1324 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:28 [ref. 19958]. On p. 7 of separate. •Synonym of Bathygobius fuscus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Akihito & Meguro 1980:221 [ref. 6920], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:349 [ref. 28867], Kottelat 2013:402 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Bathygobius fuscus (Rüppell 1830). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

californiensis, Typhlogobius Steindachner [F.] 1879:142 [24] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 80 (nos 1-2); ref. 4229] False Bay, San Diego, California, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ?NMW 31175. On p. 24 of separate in 1879, main volume in 1880. •Valid as Typhlogobius californiensis Steindachner 1879 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:265 [ref. 9277], Ahnelt & Scattolin 2003:11 [ref. 26776], Nelson et al. 2004:173 [ref. 27807], Proudlove 2006:269 [ref. 28992], Van Tassell 2011:145 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:179 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Typhlogobius californiensis Steindachner 1879. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

callidus, Gobius Smith [J. L. B.] 1937:197 [Annals of the Natal Museum v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 6553] Bushman's River, Alicedale, Cape Province, South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 305 [ex AMG]. Replacement name for Gobius gulosus Smith 1936, preoccupied by Gobius gulosus Girard 1858. •Valid as Glossogobius callidus (Smith 1937) -- (Hoese 1986:790 [ref. 5670], Maugé 1986:368 [ref. 6218], Skelton 1993:365 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:365 [ref. 27406], Schliewen 2011:217 [ref. 31738], Marshall 2011:266 [ref. 31755], Kramer et al. 2016:unnumbered p. [ref. 34331]). Current status: Valid as Glossogobius callidus (Smith 1937). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Aldabra to Mozambique and to South Africa and Namibia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

calliochromus, Sicyopterus Keith [P.], Allen [G. R.] & Lord [C.] in Keith, Allen, Lord & Hadiaty 2012:314, Figs. 13-15 [Cybium v. 35 (no. 4) (for 2011); ref. 31972] Tirawiwa River, 132 km from mouth, 3°02.792'S, 136°22.858'E, Papua New Guinea, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 20009. Paratypes: MNHN 2011-0042 (3), WAM P31447-004 (5). •Valid as Sicyopterus calliochromus Keith, Allen & Lord 2012 -- (Keith et al. 2015:244 [ref. 34172], Keith et al. 2015:84 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Sicyopterus calliochromus Keith, Allen & Lord 2012. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Tirawiwa River, Papua New Guinea, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

calliurus, Gnatholepis Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1905:796, Fig. 14 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 28 (no. 1407); ref. 2495] Negros, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 51944 (1 of 3). Paratypes: (4) CAS-SU 9129 (1), USNM 51944 (2 of 3). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:123 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:112 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Gnatholepis baliurus (Valenciennes 1837), but genus undetermined -- (Randall & Greenfield 2001:1 [ref. 25675]). •Synonym of Arcygobius baliurus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Larson & Wright 2003:131 [ref. 27481], Larson & Buckle 2012:5 [ref. 32272], Kottelat 2013:399 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Arcygobius baliurus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

calliurus, Scartelaos Swainson [W.] 1939:280 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Ganfes estuaries, India, Holotype: whereabouts unknown. Available to Hamilton 1822, pl. 5 (fig. 10). •Synonym of Pseudapocryptes elongatus (Cuvier 1816) -- (Kottelat 2013:421 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudapocryptes elongatus (Cuvier 1816). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae.

callopareia, Amblyeleotris Polunin [N. V. C.] & Lubbock [R.] 1979:241, Fig. 2 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 36 (no. 4); ref. 8796] 50-100 meters seaward east of South Island, Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Australia, depth 26 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1978.2.28.1. Paratypes: AMS I.20689-001 (1), USNM 218980 (1). •Valid as Amblyeleotris callopareia Polunin & Lubbock 1979 -- (Mohlmann & Munday 1999:62 [ref. 24273], Aonuma et al. 2000:117 [ref. 24522], Larson & Murdy 2001:3594 [ref. 26293], Hoese & Larson 2006:1618 [ref. 29097], Chen et al. 2006:2563 [ref. 29024]). Current status: Valid as Amblyeleotris callopareia Polunin & Lubbock 1979. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

callopterus, Cryptocentrus Smith [H. M.] 1945:552, Pl. 9 (fig. B) [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 188; ref. 4056] Estuary of Chantabun River, southeastern Thailand. Holotype: USNM 119572. Paratypes: USNM 119573-76 (4, 1, 1, 2). •Valid as Cryptocentrus callopterus Smith 1945 -- (Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Kottelat 2013:405 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Cryptocentrus callopterus Smith 1945. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Thailand. Habitat: brackish.

calvatus, Amblygobius Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2016:13, Figs. 1A, 2-4 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 24; ref. 35073] Big Lagoon, Miniloc Island, off El Nido, northern Palawan, Philippines, 11°09.226'N, 119°19.300'E, depth 18-20 meters. Holotype: WAM P.32885-002. Paratypes: USNM, WAM. •Valid as Amblygobius calvatus Allen & Erdmann 2016. Current status: Valid as Amblygobius calvatus Allen & Erdmann 2016. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Palawan, Philippines. Habitat: marine.

cameliae, Knipowitschia Nalbant [T. T.] & Oţel [V.] 1995:51, Figs. 1-2 [Ocrotirea naturii si a mediului înconjurator. Bucuresti v. 39 (no. 1-2); ref. 24162] Small lake in the sand spit between Lake Goloviţa and Black Sea, 1 kilometer north of Portiţa Lighthouse, Portiţa, Dobrogea, Romania, depth 0.5-1 meters. Holotype: IBTS 4587. Paratypes: (121) IBTS 4586 (30), 4588 (6); ICDD uncat. (54); MGAB uncat. (51), ZFMK 22151-52 (5). Type catalog: Herder et al. 2010:131 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Knipowitschia cameliae Nalbant & Oţel 1995 -- (Miller in Miller 2004:338 [ref. 27853], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:568 [ref. 29996], Vasil'eva 2007:173 [ref. 30517], Freyhof 2011:283 [ref. 31742], Parin et al. 2014:489 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Knipowitschia cameliae Nalbant & Oţel 1995. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Lake at Portita, Romania (Black Sea watershed) [possibly extinct]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

caminatus, Lioteres (Lioteres) Smith [J. L. B.] 1958:156, Fig. 11 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 11; ref. 4118] Shimoni, Kenya, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 230. Paratypes: AMS I.19419-001 (3); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 10975-76 (22, 14), 10977-80 (1, 1, 1, 4). •Valid as Hetereleotris caminata (Smith 1958) -- (Hoese 1986:792 [ref. 5670], Hoese 1986:9 [ref. 5996], Hoese & Larson 2005:15 [ref. 28571], Shibukawa 2010:90 [ref. 30808], Kovačić & Bogorodsky 2014:480 [ref. 33169], Kovačić et al. 2014:123 [ref. 33446]). Current status: Valid as Hetereleotris caminata (Smith 1958). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

campbelli, Ctenogobius Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1901:62, Fig. 8 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 24 (no. 1244); ref. 2509] Wakanoura, Kii Province, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan, Inland Sea. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 6450. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:141 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:110 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Gobius ornatus Rüppell 1830, but a valid subspecies -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:356 [ref. 7348]). •Valid as Istigobius campbelli (Jordan & Snyder 1901) -- (Murdy & McEachran 1982:645 [ref. 8437], Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:252 [ref. 6441], Murdy & Hoese 1985:18 [ref. 5237], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:638 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1213 [ref. 25182], Sakai et al. 2001:112 [ref. 25693], Shimizu 2001:41 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:1213 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:399, 661 [ref. 26218], Matsui et al. 2014:10 [ref. 33344]). Current status: Valid as Istigobius campbelli (Jordan & Snyder 1901). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

campbellianus, Glossogobius Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1907:542, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 33 (no. 1575); ref. 10647] Bogor, Java, Indonesia. Holotype: USNM 61051. Paratypes: CAS-SU 22498 [not CAS-SU 20160 as published] (1). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:126, 146 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:112 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Pseudogobiopsis campbellianus (Jordan & Seale 1907) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:150 [ref. 23448]). •Synonym of Eugnathogobius oligactis (Bleeker 1875) -- (Larson 2001:69 [ref. 25522]). •See Ng & Tan 1999:364 [ref. 24159]. •Synonym of Pseudogobiopsis oligactis (Bleeker 1875) -- (Larson 2009:157 [ref. 30125] dated 1908, Kottelat 2013:421 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudogobiopsis oligactis (Bleeker 1875). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater.

campylostomus, Boleophthalmus Richardson [J.] 1846:209 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Canton, China. Holotype (unique): ?BMNH 1917.7.14.89 [ex UMZC]. Type information: Whitehead & Joysey 1967:155 [ref. 19798], Whitehead 1970:217 [ref. 11606]. •Synonym of Scartelaos histophorus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Murdy 1989:51 [ref. 13628], Kottelat 2013:426 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Scartelaos histophorus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cana, Trimma Winterbottom [R.] 2004:8, Figs. 1-3, 4A-B, 5A [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 9 (no. 1); ref. 28043] Tonga Point, 9°12'17"N, 123°27'14"E, Siquijor Island, Mindanao Sea, Philippines, depth 9-21.5 meters. Holotype: ROM 73776. Paratypes: AMS I.27373-002 (1), I.21918-029 (3), I.21927-011 (1); ROM 49215 (2), 53070-73 (1, 1, 4, 5), 53076 (3, now 2), 1148CS (3, c&s); USNM 264713 (1), 313337 (1), 313351 (6), 313528 (6), 313538 (4), 313545 (1). •Valid as Trimma cana Winterbottom 2004 -- (Hagiwara & Winterbottom 2007:164 [ref. 29103], Allen & Erdmann 2012:936 [ref. 31980], Allen 2015:46 [ref. 33704], Winterbottom & Hoese 2015:11[ref. 33709], Winterbottom et al. 2015:210 [ref. 33849], Viviani et al. 2016:8 [ref. 34831]). Current status: Valid as Trimma cana Winterbottom 2004. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Philippines, east to Marshall Islands and Fiji. Habitat: marine.

canalae, Gobius Sauvage [H.-E.] 1881:102 [2] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 5; ref. 18664] Canala, New Caledonia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-3703. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:28 [ref. 19958]. On p. 2 of separate. •Synonym of Exyrias puntang (Bleeker 1851) -- (Murdy 1985:10 [ref. 19200], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:350 [ref. 28867], Kottelat 2013:407 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Exyrias puntang (Bleeker 1851). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

canalis, Gobiopsis Lachner [E. A.] & McKinney [J. F.] 1978:15, Pl. 9a, b [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 262; ref. 6603] East of Hindarabi, Persian Gulf, 26°41'N, 53°46'E, depth 13 meters. Holotype: UZMK 01.9.1943,619. Paratypes: CAS-SU 40079 (1). •Valid as Gobiopsis canalis Lachner & McKinney 1978 -- (Randall 1995:337 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:213 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S119 [ref. 27377], Shibukawa 2010:97 [ref. 30809]). Current status: Valid as Gobiopsis canalis Lachner & McKinney 1978. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

canariensis, Vanneaugobius Van Tassell [J. L.], Miller [P. J.] & Brito [A.] 1988:555, Figs. 5-7 [Journal of Natural History v. 22 (no. 2); ref. 16289] Arguineguin, Gran Canaria, Canary Islands. Holotype: AMNH 57164. Paratypes: AMNH 57165-70 (1, 5, 2, 1, 2, 2); ZMUC uncat (8 or 5). •Valid as Vanneaugobius canariensis Van Tassell, Miller & Brito 1988 -- (Miller 1990:948 [ref. 19376], Brito & Miller 2001:274 [ref. 25096], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:188 [ref. 31737], Wirtz et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32972], Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2841 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Vanneaugobius canariensis Van Tassell, Miller & Brito 1988. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Madeira, Cape Verde Islands and Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

candidianus, Ctenogobius Regan [C. T.] 1908:153 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 1 (no. 2) (art. 24); ref. 14338] Lake Candidius, Taiwan. Syntypes: (10) BMNH 1908.5.27.29-33 (5), SMNS 4380 (5 of 13). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:56 [ref. 31432]. •Synonym of Rhinogobius similis (Gill 1859) -- (Okada 1961:659 [ref. 6363] as candidius). •Synonym of Rhinogobius brunneus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Vasil'eva 1998:146 [ref. 23591] as candidius). •Valid as Rhinogobius candidianus (Regan 1908) -- (Chen & Shao 1996:206 [ref. 22202], Ho & Shao 2011:56 [ref. 31432], Zhang et al. 2016:201 [ref. 34477], Takahashi & Okazaki 2017:[3] [ref. 35171], Suzuki et al. 2017:80 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Valid as Rhinogobius candidianus (Regan 1908). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Taiwan. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

candy, Lentipes Watson [R. E.] & Allen [G. R.] 1999:117 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 3 (no. 3); ref. 24140] This species still "in press" and unavailable in Jan. 2000 (R. E. Watson, pers. comm.); from Caroline Islands. •Listed as valid as Lentipes candy Watson -- (Watson & Allen 1999:117 [ref. 24140]). •Nomen nudum and unavailable -- (Jenkins et al. 2008:171 [ref. 29883]). Gobiidae: Sicydiinae.

canestrinii, Gobius Ninni [A. P.] 1883:276 [3], Pl. 15 (figs. 1-5) [Atti della Società Veneto-Trentina di Scienze Naturali. v. 8 (no. 2); ref. 18476] Venice, Italy; Jadro River near Split, Dalmatia [Croatia]. Syntypes: MZUF 5577-83 (7); NMW 28817-18 (1, 1), 29943-45 (3). Type catalog: Vanni 1991:227 [ref. 20099]. On p. 3 of separate. •Valid as Pomatoschistus canestrinii (Ninni 1883) -- (Miller 1973:507 [ref. 6888], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1069 [ref. 13677], Kottelat 1997:180 [ref. 22952], McKay & Miller 1997:1464 [ref. 24951], Pinchuk & Miller in Miller 2004:284 [ref. 27853], Huyse et al. 2004:327 [ref. 27956], Miller & Sanda 2008:262 [ref. 29469], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:586 [ref. 29996], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:187 [ref. 31737]as canestrini [sic], Freyhof 2011:284, 285 [ref. 31742], Ćaleta et al. 2015:78 [ref. 34877], Engin & Innal 2017:6 [ref. 35516]). Current status: Valid as Pomatoschistus canestrinii (Ninni 1883). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Adriatic basin, Italy, Slovenia and Croatia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

caniculus, Gobius Amaoka [K.] & Fujii [R.] 1999:163 [Preliminary taxonomic and historical studies on Prof. Ludwig Döderlein's collection of Japanese animals; ref. 26515] Yedo, Japan. Name only listed in association with museum specimen (ZMB 12082), and no description given. Same specimen identified as Acentrogobius pflaumii (Bleeker 1853). Gobiidae: Gobiinae.

caninoides, Gobius Bleeker [P.] 1852:274 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 16825] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (3) RMNH 4544 (2 or 3 of 6). Original as caninoïdes. •Valid as Oplopomus caninoides (Bleeker 1852) -- (Randall & Goren 1993:15 [ref. 21131], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:297 [ref. 24014], Larson & Williams 1997:369 [ref. 23967], Iwata et al. 1998:117 [ref. 23379], Suzuki et al. 1999:4 [ref. 24395], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:639 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1195 [ref. 25182], Larson & Murdy 2001:3598 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1195 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:59 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S119 [ref. 27377], Randall 2005:543 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Larson 2006:1668 [ref. 29097], Shibukawa 2009:280 [ref. 30449], Allen & Erdmann 2012:983 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:202 [ref. 32988], Prokofiev 2016:648 [ref. 35020]). Current status: Valid as Oplopomus caninoides (Bleeker 1852). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea and Indo-West Pacific: east Africa to New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

caninus, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:86 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN A-1369 (1), 7193 to 7194 (1, 1); RMNH 1867 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:28 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Gobius caninus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:356 [ref. 7348]). •Valid as Acentrogobius caninus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Maugé 1986:358 [ref. 6218], Wu & Ni in Kuang et al. 1986:286 [ref. 26639] with authors as Cuvier & Valenciennes, Ataur Rahman 1989:309 [ref. 24860], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:476 [ref. 23876], Kottelat et al. 1993:141 [ref. 23448], Randall 1995:795 [ref. 22357], Rainboth 1996:197 [ref. 22772], Larson & Williams 1997:367 [ref. 23967], Yoshigou & Yoshino 1999:4 [ref. 24397], Johnson 1999:748 [ref. 25471], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:635 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1243 [ref. 25182], Kottelat 2001:60 [ref. 25482], Sakai et al. 2001:108 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3594 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1243 [ref. 26193], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Ataur Rahman 2003:336 [ref. 31338], Hoese & Larson 2006:1616 [ref. 29097], Larson et al. 2008:145 [ref. 29532], Shibukawa 2009:258 [ref. 30449], Allen & Erdmann 2012:953 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:188 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:189 [ref. 34464], Allen 2015:7 [ref. 33699], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2015:78 [ref. 34319], Prokofiev 2016:636 [ref. 35020]). Current status: Valid as Acentrogobius caninus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Sri Lanka to Caroline Islands and Fiji, Australia to Ryukyu Islands and Vietnam. Habitat: brackish, marine.

caniscapulus, Taenioides Roxas [H. A.] & Ablan [G. L.] 1938:261, Pls. 1-2 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 66 (no. 2); ref. 17222] Government Experimental Fish Farm, Hinigaran, Occidental Negros, Philippines. Holotype (unique): BSMP 41349 (destroyed in WWII). •Valid as Taenioides caniscapulus Roxas & Ablan 1938 -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3594 [ref. 26293], Kottelat 2013:434 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Taenioides caniscapulus Roxas & Ablan 1938. Gobiidae: Amblyopinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

cantonensis, Cyprinus Osbeck [P.] 1765:155 [Reise nach Ostindien und China; ref. 3311] Pearl River/Chu Chiang, at Huampo or Wampo/Huang Pu Harbour, Canton, Guandong Province, China. No types known. Sometimes dated to pre-Linnaean 1758 (Swedish) or the 1771 English edition. •Valid as Periophthalmus cantonensis (Osbeck 1765) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:286 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:642 [ref. 25598], Zheng 1989:360 [ref. 21202], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:502 [ref. 23876], Cheng & Zhou 1997:392 [ref. 26385], Wang et al. 2001:282 [ref. 26566]). •Synonym of Periophthalmus modestus Cantor 1842 -- (Murdy 1989:41 [ref. 13628], Kottelat 2013:420 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Periophthalmus modestus Cantor 1842. Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Hong Kong to Korea and southern Japan (if valid). Habitat: brackish, marine.

cantonensis, Parapocryptes Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1932:441 [Lingnan Science Journal, Canton v. 11 (no. 3); ref. 10975] Wholesale fish market in Canton, China. Holotype: CAS-SU 25721. Paratypes: (15) BMNH 1933.3.11.904 (1), CAS-SU 25722 (10). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:147 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:116 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Parapocryptes serperaster (Richardson 1846) -- (Murdy 1989:24 [ref. 13628], Kottelat 2013:417 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Parapocryptes serperaster (Richardson 1846). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cantoris, Apocryptes Day [F.] 1871:693 [17] [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1870 (pt 3); ref. 1078] Andaman Islands. Lectotype: BMNH 1870.5.18.23. Possible paralectotypes/Day specimens: AMS B.8336 (1, non-type), ZSI 192 (1, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:296 [ref. 25110]. On p. 17 of separate. Lectotype selected in Springer 1978:9 [ref. 6955]. •Valid as Periophthalmus cantonensis (Day 1871) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:419 [ref. 7348] with author as Osbeck). •Valid as Scartelaos cantoris (Day 1871) -- (Murdy 1989:50 [ref. 13628], Murdy 2011:104 [ref. 31728], Kottelat 2013:426 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Scartelaos cantoris (Day 1871). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Distribution: Andaman Islands. Habitat: marine.

capensis, Gobius Castelnau [F. L.] 1861:55 [Mémoire sur les poissons de l'Afrique australe; ref. 767] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Syntypes: MNHN A-1376 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:28 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Caffrogobius nudiceps (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Maugé 1986:363 [ref. 6218], Miller 1990:927 [ref. 19376], Goren 1996:14 [ref. 24415]). Current status: Synonym of Caffrogobius nudiceps (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

capistratus, Gobius Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1855:443 [Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1855; ref. 3449] Ibo, Mozambique, 12°S. Syntypes: ZMB 2103 (2). Also described as new in Peters 1855:251 [ref. 13448]. •Synonym of Acentrogobius cauerensis (Bleeker 1853) = Gnatholepis anjerensis (Bleeker 185) -- (Dor 1984:237 and footnote [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Gnatholepis cauerensis (Bleeker 1853) -- (Maugé 1986:369 [ref. 6218]). •Synonym of Gnatholepis anjerensis (Bleeker 1851) -- (Randall & Greenfield 2001:3 [ref. 25675], Greenfield & Randall 2004:524 [ref. 28175], Randall & Greenfield 2007:304 [ref. 29292], Larson & Buckle 2012:5, 22 [ref. 32272], Kottelat 2013:409 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gnatholepis anjerensis (Bleeker 1851). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: marine.

capitlineata, Silhouettea Randall [J. E.] 2008:293, Figs. 4-6 [Micronesica v. 40 (no 1/2); ref. 29721] Lagoon side of Uligo Island, 7°06'33.2"N, 171°22' 07.1"E, Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands, depth 7 meters. Holotype: BPBM 39679. •Valid as Silhouettea capitlineata Randall 2008. Current status: Valid as Silhouettea capitlineata Randall 2008. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Marshall Islands. Habitat: marine.

capito, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:21 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Martigues and Naples, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN A-1162 (1) Martiques, A-1167 (1) Naples. See Gobius capito Cuvier 1829. Previously appeared in Griffith & Smith 1834:Pl. 38 (fig. 1) (opp. p. 238) [ref. 1908] (available from figure caption). •Synonym of Gobius cobitis Pallas 1814 -- (Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1038 [ref. 13677]). •Synonym of Gobius paganellus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Miller 1973:487 [ref. 6888], Miller 1990:937 [ref. 19376], Vasil'eva 2003:S45 [ref. 28444], Parin et al. 2014:483 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Gobius paganellus Linnaeus 1758. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

capito, Gobius Cuvier [G.] 1829:243 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Available from brief description and reference to "Gesner. 396." Usually dated to Valenciennes 1837, which is based on specimens. Also in Griffith & Smith 1834:Pl. 38 (fig. 1) (opp. p. 238) [ref. 1908]. Current status: Synonym of Gobius. Gobiidae: Gobiinae.

capitonellus, Gobius Kessler [K. F.] 1874:228 [38] [Trudy St.-Peterburgskogo Obscestva Estestvoispytatelej = Travaux de la Société des Naturalistes de St. Pétersbourg. v. 5; ref. 18397] Sevastopol, Crimea, Ukraine. Syntypes: ZIN 2127 (2). •Synonym of Gobius paganellus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Miller 1973:487 [ref. 6888], Miller 1990:937 [ref. 19376], Vasil'eva 2003:S45 [ref. 28444], Parin et al. 2014:483 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Gobius paganellus Linnaeus 1758. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

capostriatus, Zonogobius Goren [M.] 1981:94, Fig. 1 [Cybium 3e série. Bulletin de la Société Française d'Ichtyologie v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 8597] Canala Bay, New Caledonia. Holotype: MNHN 1980-1072. Paratypes: MNHN 1980-0660 (4). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:46 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Trimma striatus (Herre 1945) -- (Winterbottom 1996:57 [ref. 22223], Winterbottom 2002:45 [ref. 26166]). •Synonym of Trimma striata (Herre 1945) -- (Randall 2005:553 [ref. 28239], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:352 [ref. 28867]). •Valid as Trimma capostriatum (Goren 1981) -- (Winterbottom et al. 2014:378 [ref. 33402], Winterbottom & Hoese 2015:21, 84 [ref. 33709], Hoese et al. 2015:539 [ref. 33990]). Current status: Valid as Trimma capostriatum (Goren 1981). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Papua to Vanuatu, Australia. Habitat: marine.

cardinalis, Kelloggella Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:409, Pl. 53 (fig. 1) [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Pago Pago, American Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51785 (1 of 2). Paratypes: CAS-SU 8699 (1), USNM 51785 (1 of 2). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:126 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:114 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Kelloggella cardinalis Jordan & Seale 1906 -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:268 [ref. 6441], Myers 1999:257 [ref. 23965], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:638 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1205 [ref. 25182], Larson & Murdy 2001:3598 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1205 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:644 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:28 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:540 [ref. 28239], Randall 2009:184 [ref. 30557], Allen & Erdmann 2012:925 [ref. 31980], Koeda et al. 2016:92 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Kelloggella cardinalis Jordan & Seale 1906. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-west Pacific: Christmas Island, Philippines, Guam to Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

cardonensis, Vaimosa Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1940:358, Pl. 2 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 72 (no. 4); ref. 11010] Cardona, northern coast of Laguna de Bay, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: CAS-SU 32980. Paratypes: (34) BMNH 1938.12.1.208-212 (6) from Herre, CAS-SU 32981 (30). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:118 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Redigobius tambujon (Bleeker 1854) -- (Larson 2010:179 [ref. 30783], Kottelat 2013:423 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Redigobius tambujon (Bleeker 1854). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: marine.

carisa, Stiphodon Watson [R. E.] 2008:44, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 1715; ref. 29534] Way Ngarip, 5°27'59.22"S, 104°31'03.2"E, Lampung Province, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 15194. Paratypes: CAS 224178 (4); MNHN 2006-1604 (1), 2006-1605 (1), 2006-1606 (1), 2006-1607 (1); MZB 15195 (37); UF 162787 (16); USNM 387893 (4). •Valid as Stiphodon carisa Watson 2008 -- (Maeda & Tan 2013:749 [ref. 32886], Maeda 2013:(7) [ref. 33023], Kottelat 2013:430 [ref. 32989], Maeda & Palla 2015:393 [ref. 33960], Maeda et al. 2015:256 [ref. 33999], Keith et al. 2015:188 [ref. 34328], Keith et al. 2015:220 [ref. 34020]). Current status: Valid as Stiphodon carisa Watson 2008. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Lampung Province, Sumatra, Indonesia [supposedly amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

caroline, Lentipes Lynch [B.], Keith [P.] & Pezold [F. L.] 2013:171 [Cybium v. 37 (no. 3); ref. 32779] Nanpil River, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia, elevation 236 meters. Holotype: MNHN 2012-0213. Paratypes: AMNH, BPBM, CAS, FSM, USNM. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Lentipes caroline Lynch, Keith & Pezold 2013 - (Keith et al. 2015:48 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Lentipes caroline Lynch, Keith & Pezold 2013. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

carolinensis, Pleurosicya Larson [H. K.] 1990:18, Figs. 14-15 [The Beagle, Records of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 16607] Reef flat in Iwayama Bay, Palau, western Caroline Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: CAS 36875. Paratypes: AMS I.29785-001 (2); ANSP 165111 (5); CAS 36858 (2), 36860 (10), 36868 (1), 36871 (1), 36873-74 (2, 1); USNM 306882 (2). •Valid as Pleurosicya carolinensis Larson 1990 -- (Myers 1999:258 [ref. 23965], Larson & Murdy 2001:3599 [ref. 26293], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:189 [ref. 27510], Greenfield & Randall 2004:536 [ref. 28175], Allen & Erdmann 2012:905 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pleurosicya carolinensis Larson 1990. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines and western Caroline Islands. Habitat: marine.

caroliniensis, Gobius Gill [T. N.] 1863:268 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 15; ref. 1691] Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM (apparently lost). •Synonym of Bathygobius soporator (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Tornabene et al. 2010:159 [ref. 30990]) Current status: Synonym of Bathygobius soporator (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

carpenteri, Rhinogobius Seale [A.] 1910:535 [The Philippine Journal of Science Section A v. 4 (no. 6) (for 1909); ref. 4000] Wangan River, Balili River drainage, La Trinidad town, Benguet province, Luzon Island, Philippines, 16°27.965'N, 120°33.862'E, elevation 1245 meters. Neotype: KIZ 2016003044. Holotype BSMP 914 and paratypes BSMP 12814 and 26643-54 (13) destroyed, but seen by Koumans. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:184 [ref. 2676]. Neotype designated by Endruweit 2017:558 [ref. 35366]. •Synonym of Rhinogobius similis (Gill 1859) -- (Okada 1961:659 [ref. 6363]). •Valid as Rhinogobius carpenteri Seale 1910 -- (Kottelat 2013:424 [ref. 32989], Takahashi & Okazaki 2017:[3] [ref. 35171], Suzuki et al. 2017:80 [ref. 35202]). •Valid as Tukugobius carpenteri (Seale 1910) -- (Endruweit 2017:550 [ref. 35366]). Current status: Valid as Tukugobius carpenteri (Seale 1910). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Northern Luzon Island, Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

carri, Microgobius Fowler [H. W.] 1945:322, Figs. 232-234 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 7; ref. 1453] Sanibel Island, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 71187. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:105 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Microgobius carri Fowler 1945 -- (Birdsong 1981:281 [ref. 5425], Robins & Ray 1986:252 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:165 [ref. 23239], Schwartz 1999:288 [ref. 25307], Rüber et al. 2003:1598 [ref. 26969], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1794 [ref. 27111], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:100 [ref. 27192], Ross & Rhode 2004:313 [ref. 27789], Nelson et al. 2004:172 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:718 [ref. 28815], Van Tassell 2011:167 [ref. 31732], Van Tassell et al. 2012:88 [ref. 31948], Tornabene et al. 2012:41 [ref. 32138], Page et al. 2013:178 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:79 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Microgobius carri Fowler 1945. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

casachicus, Benthophilus stellatus Ragimov [D. B.] 1978:725 [705], Fig. [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 18 (no. 5); ref. 8998] Kenderli Spit, eastern shore of the middle Caspian Sea, depth 36 meters. Holotype: ZISP 53661. Paratypes: (3) Caspian Biol. Station IZA 204 (2) whereabouts unknown. Description on p. 705 of English translation. •Mention -- (Kottelat 1997:176 [ref. 22952]). •Synonym of Benthophilus stellatus (Sauvage 1874), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Coad 1995:30 [ref. 23608]). •Valid as Benthophilus casachicus Ragimov 1978 -- (Reshetnikov et al. 1997:752 [ref. 24702], Vasil'eva 1998:127 [ref. 23591], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:47 [ref. 26178], Vasil'eva & Miller in Miller 2004:182 [ref. 27853], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:215 [ref. 28183], Boldyrev & Bogutskaya 2004:132 [ref. 28099], Boldyrev & Bogutskaya 2007:69 [ref. 29150], Neilson & Stepien 2009:96 [ref. 30487], Esmaeili et al. 2010:376 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:897 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:80 [ref. 35254]). Current status: Valid as Benthophilus casachicus Ragimov 1978. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Caspian Sea basin, Eurasia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

casamancus, Gobius Rochebrune [A. T. de] 1880:163 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3790] Casamance River, Senegal, western Africa. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:55 [ref. 19958] as none at MNHN. •Valid as Bathygobius casamancus (Rochebrune 1880) -- (Maugé 1986:360 [ref. 6218], Miller & Smith 1989:299 [ref. 25535], Miller 1990:925 [ref. 19376], Harrison & Miller in Lévêque et al. 1992:814 [ref. 21590], Brito & Miller 2001:254 [ref. 25096], Harrison et al. 2007:531 [ref. 30083], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:184 [ref. 31737], Schliewen 2011:214 [ref. 31738], Wirtz et al. 2013:132 [ref. 32972], Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2839 [ref. 34618], Rodríguez-Rey et al. 2017:11 [ref. 35433]). Current status: Valid as Bathygobius casamancus (Rochebrune 1880). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Cape Verde Islands, and Mauritania to Angola and Gulf of Guinea islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

caspium, Gobiosoma Kessler [K. F.] 1877:38, Pl. 3 (fig. 9) [The Aralo-Caspian Expedition; ref. 2597] Middle Caspian Sea, depth 66-140 feet [9.5 to 20 Russian fathoms]. Syntypes: (20) BMNH 1897.7.5.12 [ex ZIN] (1), ZIN 3874 (2), 10910 (2). •Valid as Caspiosoma caspium (Kessler 1877) -- (Berg 1949:1104 [ref. 20662], Miller 1973:491 [ref. 6888], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1028 [ref. 13677], Coad 1995:30 [ref. 23608], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:753 [ref. 24702], Vasil'eva 1998:131 [ref. 23591], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:47 [ref. 26178], Vasil'eva 2003:S43 [ref. 28444], Pinchuk et al. in Miller 2004:141 [ref. 27853], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:219 [ref. 28183], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:564 [ref. 29996], Vasil'eva 2007:152 [ref. 30517], Neilson & Stepien 2009:96 [ref. 30487], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:185 [ref. 31737], Freyhof 2011:283 [ref. 31742], Parin et al. 2015:479 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Caspiosoma caspium (Kessler 1877). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Northern Black Sea, Sea of Azov, and Caspian Sea basins. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

caspius, Gobius Eichwald [C. E. von] 1831:76 [Zoologia specialis quam expositis animalibus tum vivis Pars posterior [3]; ref. 5562] Caspian Sea. No types known. Also appeared as new in Eichward 1838:105 [ref. 34622]. •Valid as Neogobius caspius (Eichwald 1831) -- (Berg 1949:1094 [ref. 20662], Coad 1995:31 [ref. 23608], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:755 [ref. 24702], Vasil'eva 1998:138 [ref. 23591], Coad 1998:103 [ref. 23869], Pinchuk & Miller 2003:173 [ref. 27345], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:229 [ref. 28183], Neilson & Stepien 2009:96 [ref. 30487], Esmaeili et al. 2010:377 [ref. 33391], Freyhof 2011:284 [ref. 31742], Stepien & Neilson 2013:2 [ref. 35325], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:899 [ref. 34062], Davoodi & Rahimian 2016:82 [ref. 34954], Esmaeili et al. 2017:83 [ref. 35254]). Current status: Valid as Neogobius caspius (Eichwald 1831). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Caspian Sea basin, Eurasia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

castaneus, Gobius O'Shaughnessy [A. W. E.] 1875:145 [2] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 15 (no. 86) (art. 19); ref. 18481] Nagasaki, Japan. Syntypes: BMNH 1870.12.2.1-2 (2). On p. 2 of separate. •Valid as Chloea castanea (O'Shaughnessy 1975) -- (Berg 1949:1072 [ref. 20662], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:384 [ref. 7348]). •Synonym of Chaenogobius annularis Gill 1859 -- (Okada 1961:676 [ref. 6363]). •Valid as Chaenogobius castaneus (O'Shaughnessy 1875) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:276 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:613 [ref. 25598], Takahashi 1996:2 [ref. 24363], Kim 1997:432 [ref. 24032], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:754 [ref. 24702], Vasil'eva 1998:132 [ref. 23591], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:13 [ref. 24670], Sato et al. 1998:41 [ref. 24972], Matsuura et al. 2000:221 [ref. 26000], Kim & Park 2002:356 [ref. 25913], Youn 2002:398, 658 [ref. 26218], Stevenson 2002:272 [ref. 26489]). •Valid as Gymnogobius castaneus (O'Shaughnessy 1875) -- (Nakabo 2000:1200 [ref. 25182], Pietsch et al. 2001:145 [ref. 25688], Sakai et al. 2001:112 [ref. 25693], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:47 [ref. 26178], Nakabo 2002:1200 [ref. 26193], Yonezawa & Shinomiya 2002:2 [ref. 26563], Vasil'eva 2003:S45 [ref. 28444], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:222 [ref. 28183], Zhao et al. 2007:454 [ref. 29515], Shedko & Chereshnev 2005:441 [ref. 30089] in subgenus Chloea, Parin et al. 2014:485 [ref. 33547], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:189 [ref. 35257]). Current status: Valid as Gymnogobius castaneus (O'Shaughnessy 1875). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Sea of Japan, Yellow Sea and Okhotsk Sea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

castelnaui, Eleotris Macleay [W.] 1881:620 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2869] Swan River, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1886 [ex 1875-0193] (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:21-22 [ref. 19958]. Replacement name for Eleotris obscurus Castelnau 1873, preoccupied by Eleotris obscura Temminck & Schlegel 1845. •Synonym of Afurcagobius suppositus (Sauvage 1880) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). Current status: Synonym of Afurcagobius suppositus (Sauvage 1880). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

castelnaui, Gobius Macleay [W.] 1881:598 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2869] Hobson's Bay, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1884. Based on a specimen originally identified as Gobius frenatus by Castelnau 1872:123 [ref. 757]. •Synonym of Arenigobius bifrenatus (Kner 1865) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:784 [ref. 22532], Hoese & Larson 2006:1624 [ref. 29097]). Current status: Synonym of Arenigobius bifrenatus (Kner 1865). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

catebus, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:76 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Rangoon, Myanmar; Bengal; Puducherry; Malabar. Syntypes: MNHN A-1390 (1, described specimen) Rangoon, A-1907 (4) Bengal, A-2538 (1) Puducherry, 7199 (2) Malabar; ?ZMB 2065 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:29 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Glossogobius giuris (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:294 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:407 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Glossogobius giuris (Hamilton 1822). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

catulus, Gobius Girard [C. F.] 1858:169 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 10; ref. 1813] St. Joseph Island, Texas, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 648 and 6612 (2). See also Girard 1859:26, Pl. 12 (figs. 9-10) [ref. 13405]. •Synonym of Bathygobius soporator (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Tornabene et al. 2010:159, 163 [ref. 30990]). Current status: Synonym of Bathygobius soporator (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

caucasicus, Gobius Kavraisky [F. F.] in Radde 1899:309 [Die Sammlungen des Kaukasischen Museums v. 2; ref. 19639] Not available, no description; from bogs near Batumi; and Lake Temirgorje. Available from Berg 1916 as Pomatoschistus caucasicus; author's name also spelled Kawrajsky and Kavraiskii. •In the synonymy of Knipowitschia caucasica (Berg 1916) -- (Kovačić 2005:278 [ref. 28382]). Current status: Synonym of Knipowitschia caucasica (Berg 1916). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae.

caucasicus, Pomatoschistus Berg [L. S.] (ex Kavraisky) 1916:409 [Les Poissons des eaux douces de la Russie; ref. 277] Swamp near Batum and Inkit Lake near Pitzunda, Georgia (Eurasia). Syntypes: BMNH 1896.3.28.26-28 [ex Tiflis Mus.] (3) Lake Temirgorje, Georgia, Eurasia. Appeared first as Gobius caucasicus Kavraiskii [Kawrajsky] in Radde 1899, not available. Syntypes in BMNH are from a locality mentioned under Gobius caucasicus Kavraiskii in Radde 1899. Name usually seen as Kravraisky. •Valid as Pomatoschistus caucasicus Berg 1916 -- (Berg 1949:1065 [ref. 20662]). •Valid as Knipowitschia caucasica (Berg 1916) -- (Miller 1973:497 [ref. 6888], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1047 [ref. 13677], Economidis & Miller 1990:152 [ref. 16710], Coad 1995:30 [ref. 23608], Ahnelt et al. 1995:49 [ref. 22315], Bianco et al. 1996:53 [ref. 26724], Kottelat 1997:177 [ref. 22952], McKay & Miller 1997:1464 [ref. 24951], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:754 [ref. 24702], Vasil'eva 1998:135 [ref. 23591], Coad 1998:103 [ref. 23869], Vasil'eva & Kuga 2001:159 [ref. 25346], Gabrielyan 2001:28 [ref. 25867], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:47 [ref. 26178], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:133 [ref. 26753], Kovačić & Pallaoro 2003:131 [ref. 27236], Vasil'eva 2003:S47 [ref. 28444], Miller et al. in Miller 2004:343 [ref. 27853], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:224 [ref. 28183], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:182 [ref. 28369], Kovačić 2005:278 [ref. 28382], Fricke et al. 2007:104 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:569 [ref. 29996], Vasil'eva 2007:158 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:172 [ref. 31251], Miller 2009:1505 [ref. 30234], Esmaeili et al. 2010:377 [ref. 33391], Ahnelt 2011:26 [ref. 31650], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:186 [ref. 31737], Freyhof 2011:283 [ref. 31742], Halasi-Kovács et al. 2011:257 [ref. 31756], Parin et al. 2014:489 [ref. 33547], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:898 [ref. 34062], Barbieri et al. 2015:107 [ref. 35029], Çiçek et al. 2015:152 [ref. 35151], Vukić et al. 2016:368 [ref. 34392], Ahnelt 2016:9195 [ref. 34845], Esmaeili et al. 2017:83 [ref. 35254]). Current status: Valid as Knipowitschia caucasica (Berg 1916). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Sea of Azov, Caspian Sea, Aral Sea, Eurasia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

caudatus, Gobius Castelnau [F. L.] 1873:47 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 2; ref. 758] Victoria market, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-4559 (half skin). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:29 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Arenigobius bifrenatus (Kner 1865) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:784 [ref. 22532], Hoese & Larson 2006:1624 [ref. 29097]). Current status: Synonym of Arenigobius bifrenatus (Kner 1865). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

caudilinea, Pascua Randall [J. E.] 2005:21, Figs. 1-4 [Zoological Studies v. 44 (no. 1); ref. 28161] Off western coast of Tahai, Easter Island, 27°09'S, 109°26'W, depth 30 meters. Holotype: BPBM 39325. Paratypes: AZISP P62876 (2); BPBM 39157 (1), 39168 (3), 39198 (2), 39309 (1), 39326 (8), 39351 (1); CAS 218800 (2); MNHN 2004-0001 (2); MNHNC 7226 (2); NSMT-P 67745 (2); QM I.34898 (2); ROM 74108 (2); USNM 375529 (2). •Valid as Hetereleotris caudilinea (Randall 2005) -- (Hoese & Larson 2005:5 [ref. 28571]). •Valid as Pascua caudilinea Randall 2005 -- (Randall 2006:35 [ref. 28980], Randall 2009:185 [ref. 30557], Kovačić & Bogorodsky 2014:475 [ref. 33169]). Current status: Valid as Pascua caudilinea Randall 2005. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Easter Island. Habitat: marine.

caudimacula, Cabillus Greenfield [D. W.] & Randall [J. E.] 2004:514, Figs. 40-41, 56-57 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences v. 55 (no. 27); ref. 28175] Oahu, Kane'ohe Bay, Hawaiian Islands, depth 15.2-16.8 meters. Holotype: CAS 218110. Paratypes: AMS I.42940-001 (1), BPBM 22628 (3), 37261 (1), 39246 (1); CAS 218111 (1); FMNH 113491 (1); NSMT P 67809 (1); NTM S.15733-001 (1), USNM 375433 (1) •Valid as Cabillus caudimacula Greenfield & Randall 2004 -- (Mundy 2005:473 [ref. 28379], Randall et al. 2007:41 [ref. 29021], Randall 2007:397 [ref. 30952], Kovačić & Bogorodsky 2013:181 [ref. 32908], Shibukawa & Aizawa 2013:140 [ref. 32945]). Current status: Valid as Cabillus caudimacula Greenfield & Randall 2004. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

caudimaculata, Gnatholepis Larson [H. K.] & Buckle [D. J.] 2012:23, Fig. 9-11 [Zootaxa No. 3529; ref. 32272] Reef near road at Marsa Muqabila, north-west coast Israel, Gulf of Aqaba. Holotype: USNM 327425. Paratypes: Many BPBM, USNM. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Gnatholepis caudimaculata Larson & Buckle 2012. Current status: Valid as Gnatholepis caudimaculata Larson & Buckle 2012. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Red Sea and Saudi Arabia. Habitat: marine.

caudimaculata, Minysicya Larson [H. K.] 2002:64, Figs. 1-6 [The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory No. 18; ref. 26717] North Reef, Scott Reef, Western Australia, depth 20 meters. Holotype: NTM S.11383-027. Paratypes: AMS I.25121-009 (8), I.34514-011 (4), I.34514-014 (1), I.34515-007 (5), I.34866-003 (1); BLIH 1992241 (10), 1992269 (5); NTM S.11383-033 (3, 1 c&s), S.11373-049 (1); URM P.4686 (1). •Valid as Minysicya caudimaculata Larson 2002 -- (Hoese & Larson 2006:1664 [ref. 29097]). Current status: Valid as Minysicya caudimaculata Larson 2002. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-west Pacific, scattered localities. Habitat: marine.

caudimaculatus, Sicyopterus Maugé [A. L.], Marquet [G.] & Laboute [P.] 1992:219, Fig. 3 [Cybium v. 16 (no. 3); ref. 19910] Atuona River, Hiva Oa, Marquesas Islands, depth 1 meter. Holotype: MNHN 1989-1777. Paratypes: MNHN 1989-1778 (64), 1989-1779 (45), 1992-121 (31). •Valid as Sicyopterus caudimaculatus Maugé, Marquet & Laboute 1992. •Synonym of Sicyopterus marquesensis Fowler 1932 -- (Keith et al. 2015:114 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Synonym of Sicyopterus marquesensis Fowler 1932. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Marquesas Islands (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

caudimaculosus, Stenogobius (Insularigobius) Watson [R. E.] 1991:626, Figs. 23a-c [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 15 (pt 3); ref. 19908] Nuku Hiva, Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia. Holotype: MNHN 1987-0929. Paratypes: AMS I.26911-001 (9), MNHN 1987-1853 [or 1843] (12), SMF 21568 (5), USNM 292572 (6), WAM P.29317-001 (10). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:45 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Stenogobius caudimaculosus Watson 1991 -- (Marquet et al. 1999:43 [ref. 23934], Larson & Murdy 2001:3602 [ref. 26293], Keith et al. 2002:134 [ref. 31473], Keith et al. 2010:327 [ref. 30747]). Current status: Valid as Stenogobius caudimaculosus Watson 1991. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Marquesas Islands. Habitat: freshwater.

caudipunctatum, Trimma Suzuki [T.] & Senou [H.] 2009:109, Figs. 5-8 [Bulletin of the Kanagawa Prefectural Museum (Natural Science) No. 38; ref. 30452] Tonbarazashi, Kume-jima Island, Okinawa Islands, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, 26°21'09''N 126°50'32''E, depth 70 m. Holotype: KPM-NI 13301. Paratypes: OMNH-P 32317 (1). Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Trimma caudipunctatum Suzuki & Senou 2009 -- (Suzuki et al. 2015:67 [ref. 33746]). Current status: Valid as Trimma caudipunctatum Suzuki & Senou 2009. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Ryukyu Islands, Palau (Belau) Islands. Habitat: marine.

caudomaculata, Trimma Yoshino [T.] & Araga [C.] in Masuda, Araga & Yoshino 1975:272, Pl. 89 (fig. m) [Coastal fishes of southern Japan; ref. 2902] Fringing reef off Nerome, Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, depth about 3 meters. Holotype: FAKU 62255 [ex SMBL 75057]. Paratypes: FAKU 62256-58 [ex SMBL 73035-37] (3), 62259-64 [ex SMBL 75058-63] (6); URB 78-0118 to 35 (18). The gender of Trimma is neuter; the species probably should be caudomaculatum. •Synonym of Trimma tevegae Cohen & Davis 1969 -- (Winterbottom 1996:57 [ref. 22223], Winterbottom 2002:45 [ref. 26166], Randall 2005:554 [ref. 28239] with question, Winterbottom 2005:54 [ref. 28347]). •Valid as Trimma caudomaculata Yoshino & Araga 1975 -- (Yoshino & Shimada in Masuda et al. 1984:245 [ref. 6441], Larson & Murdy 2001:3600 [ref. 26293] as caudimaculata and date as 1977, Nakabo 2002:1175 [ref. 26193], Winterbottom et al. 2014:426 [ref. 33155] as caudomaculatum, Winterbottom & Hoese 2015:4 [ref. 33709], Suzuki et al. 2015:67 [ref. 33746], Winterbottom 2016:19 [ref. 34613] as caudomaculatum, Viviani et al. 2016:4 [ref. 34831] as caudomaculatum, Winterbottom 2017:568 [ref. 35329] as caudomaculatum). Current status: Valid as Trimma caudomaculatum Yoshino & Araga 1975. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Ryukyu Islands, Japan southeast to Solomon Islands southwest to western Australia, possibly other areas. Habitat: marine.

cauerensis, Gobius Bleeker [P.] 1853:269 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12580] Cauer, a village on the southwestern coast of Sumatra, 4°44'S, 103°15'E [Bengkulu, Indonesia, eastern Indian Ocean]. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4523 (1 of 2). •Valid as Acentrogobius cauerensis (Bleeker 1853) -- (Goren 1979:18 [ref. 1852]). •Synonym of Gnatholepis anjerensis (Bleeker 1851) -- (Randall 1995:336 [ref. 22896]). •Valid as Gnatholepis cauerensis (Bleeker 1853) [sometimes as subspecies cauerensis] -- (Randall & Greenfield 2001:6 [ref. 25675], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Lobel & Lobel 2004:76 [ref. 27576], Heemstra et al. 2004:3329 [ref. 27945], Greenfield & Randall 2004:526 [ref. 28175], Randall 2005:536 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Larson 2006:1654 [ref. 29097], Randall & Greenfield 2007:308 [ref. 29292], Randall 2007:405 [ref. 30952], Larson et al. 2008:141 [ref. 29532], Randall 2009:181 [ref. 30557], Motomura et al. 2010:213 [ref. 31256], Larson & Buckle 2012:29 [ref. 32272], Koeda et al. 2016:16 [ref. 35354]). •Valid as Gnatholepis cauerensis (Bleeker 1853) -- (Goren 1981:98 [ref. 8597], Maugé 1986:369 [ref. 6218], Myers 1999:255 [ref. 23965], Randall 1999:26 [ref. 25829], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:637 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:411 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:19 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:120 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3601 [ref. 26293], Allen & Adrim 2003:58 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:27 [ref. 27624], Rocha et al. 2005:3921 [ref. 29293] with comments, Fricke et al. 2009:101 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:975 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:270 [ref. 32706], Smith-Vanis & Jelks 2014:78 [ref. 33341], Fricke et al. 2014:167 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988], Motomura et al. 2015:30 [ref. 34709], Prokofiev 2016:646 [ref. 35020] as aff. cauerensis, Koeda et al. 2016:92 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Gnatholepis cauerensis (Bleeker 1853). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, East Africa, Agalega Island, Mozambique Channel, Comores and Mascarenes east to Wake Atoll, Marshall Islands, Line Islands and Gambier islands, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, Lord Howe Island, New Caledonia, Tonga, and Pitcairn Island; Atlantic immigrant. Habitat: brackish, marine.

caunosi, Knipowitschia Ahnelt [H.] 2011:25, Figs. 1, 3 [Zootaxa No. 3114; ref. 31650] Lake Köycegiz, 36°55'N, 28°40'E, southwest Turkey. Holotype: ZMH 25904. Paratypes: ZMH 2175:18 (1), 25905 (2). •Valid as Knipowitschia caunosi Ahnelt 2011 -- (Ahnelt 2016:9195 [ref. 34845], Çiçek et al. 2016:116 [ref. 35152]). Current status: Valid as Knipowitschia caunosi Ahnelt 2011. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Lake Köycegiz, southwest Turkey. Habitat: freshwater.

cavifrons, Gobius Weber [M.] 1909:152 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 31 (note 4); ref. 4600] Sula Takomi, Ternate, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Lectotype: ZMA 112616. Paralectotypes: ZMA 123468 [ex 112616] (38). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:98 [ref. 19236]. Lectotype selected by Larson 2001:108 [ref. 25522]. •Valid as Mugilogobius cavifrons (Weber 1909) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:268 [ref. 6441], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:638 [ref. 25122], Larson 2001:102 [ref. 25522], Larson & Murdy 2001:3601 [ref. 26293], Myers & Donaldson 2003:642 [ref. 27495], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:197 [ref. 28107], Greenfield & Randall 2004:529 [ref. 28175], Mundy 2005:477 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:406 [ref. 30952], Ho & Shao 2011: 57 [ref. 31432], Kottelat 2013:413 [ref. 32989], Huang et al. 2016:14 [ref. 34500], Koeda et al. 2016:93 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Mugilogobius cavifrons (Weber 1909). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Islands of Western Pacific: Indonesia east to Kosrae (Micronesia), north to southern Japan, south to Papua New Guinea; introduced to Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cayman, Elacatinus Victor [B. C.] 2014:28, Figs. 2-7 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 12; ref. 33549] Grand Cayman Island, 9.286°N, -81.392°W. Holotype: UF 237057. Paratypes: UF 237058 (9), SIO 14-110 (4). •Valid as Elacatinus cayman Victor 2014. Current status: Valid as Elacatinus cayman Victor 2014. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Cayman Islands, Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

cazinus, Gobius Meyer [A. B.] 1885:29 [Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, Madrid v. 14; ref. 17686] Appeared as Gobius cazinus C.V. Cebú." Not available, no description; perhaps a misspelling of Gobius caninus Valenciennes 1843; from Cebu, Philippines. Gobiidae.

cebuanus, Cryptocentrus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:240, Pl. 19 (fig. 2) [Monographs, Bureau of Science Manila Monogr. 23; ref. 2104] Cebu Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): BSMP 12025 (destroyed, seen by Koumans). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:189 [ref. 2676]. •Questionably the same as Cryptocentrus pavoninoides (Bleeker 1849) -- (Satapoomin & Winterbottom, 2002:60 [ref. 26168]). •Valid as Cryptocentrus cebuanus Herre 1927 -- (Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3596 [ref. 26293], Hoese & Larson 2004:168 [ref. 28074], Hoese & Larson 2006:1637 [ref. 29097], Allen & Erdmann 2012:870 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:194 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Cryptocentrus cebuanus Herre 1927. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean: Indonesia, Philippines and Australia. Habitat: marine.

cebuensis, Sicyopus Chen [I-S.] & Shao [K.-T.] 1998:98, Figs. 1-3 [Acta Zoologica Taiwanica v. 9 (no. 2); ref. 24164] Uling brook, tributary of Naga River, Cebu Island, Philippines. Holotype: ASIZP 057825. Paratypes: ASIZP 057826 (1). •Valid as Sicyopus cebuensis Chen & Shao 1998 -- (Keith et al. 2011:2726 [ref. 31651], Kottelat 2013:429 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Sicyopus auxilimentus Watson & Kottelat 1994 -- (Keith et al. 2015:140 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Synonym of Sicyopus auxilimentus Watson & Kottelat 1994. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

celebius, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:74 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN A-1385 (2 or 1), 2731 (2 or 1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:29 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Glossogobius giuris (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1999:294 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Glossogobius celebius (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Roberts 1978:63 [ref. 8886], Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:274 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:610 [ref. 25598], Hoese & Allen 1990:118 [ref. 19360], Allen 1991:180 [ref. 21090], Kottelat et al. 1993:145 [ref. 23448], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:637 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1202 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:61 [ref. 25191], Buden et al. 2001:7 [ref. 25496], Larson & Murdy 2001:3597 [ref. 26293], Sakai et al. 2001:112 [ref. 25693], Unmack 2001:1064 [ref. 25797], Nakabo 2002:1202 [ref. 26193], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:197 [ref. 28107], Parenti & Lim 2005:194 [ref. 28285], Hoese & Larson 2006:1653 [ref. 29097], Shao et al. 2008:261 [ref. 29952], Hoese & Allen 2009:6 [ref. 29998], Hoese & Allen 2012:269, 270 [ref. 31974], Kottelat 2013:407 [ref. 32989], Hoese & Allen 2015:214 [ref. 33880], Miesen et al. 2016:93 [ref. 34492], Koeda et al. 2016:92 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Glossogobius celebius (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Sulawesi, Indonesia and southern Japan. Habitat: freshwater.

celsus, Psilotris Böhlke [J. E.] 1963:7, Fig. 3 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 362; ref. 4212] North of Green Cay, Nassau vicinity, Bahamas, depth 45 feet. Holotype: ANSP 98427. Paratypes: ANSP 98428-32 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1); UF 205393 [ex UMML 5393] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:105 [ref. 13621]. Psilotris is feminine, so species should be celsa an adjective on pers. com. D. G. Smith, 4/2/2010. •Valid as Psilotris celsus Böhlke 1963 -- (Greenfield et al. 1993:183 [ref. 20313], Greenfield 1993:773 [ref. 21015], Smith & Baldwin 1999:439 [ref. 24419], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:319 [ref. 25013], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1794 [ref. 27111], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:100 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:64 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:173 [ref. 27807], Van Tassell 2011:155 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:178 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:79 [ref. 33341], Tornabene et al. 2016:13 [ref. 34435] as celsa). Current status: Valid as Psilotris celsa Böhlke 1963. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

cenderawasih, Acentrogobius Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2012:1166, Figs. 1-3 [Reef fishes of the East Indies.; ref. 31980] East Wandammen Peninsula, 2°33.390'S, 134°39.221'E, Cenderawasih Bay, West Papua, Indonesia, depth 20-25 meters. Holotype: MZB 20576. Paratypes: MZB 20585 (1), WAM P.33045-012 (2). Plus visual sightings. •Valid as Acentrogobius cenderawasih Allen & Erdmann 2012 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:953 [ref. 31980], Allen 2015:7, 11 [ref. 33699]). Current status: Valid as Acentrogobius cenderawasih Allen & Erdmann 2012. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Cenderawasih Bay, West Papua, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

centralis, Elacatinus Victor [B. C.] 2014:37, Figs. 15-20 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 12; ref. 33549] SW Grand Cayman Island, 19.286°N, -81.393°W. Holotype: UF 237059. Paratypes: UF 237060 (6); SIO 14-111 (3), 14-113 (1). •Valid as Elacatinus centralis Victor 2014. Current status: Valid as Elacatinus centralis Victor 2014. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Grand Cayman Islands. Habitat: marine.

centralis, Kelloggella Hoese [D. F.] 1975:482, Figs. 2-3 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 29 (no. 17); ref. 5294] Nikau, Rarotonga, Cook Islands, Pacific. Holotype: BPBM 14660. Paratypes: AMS I.17021-001 (4); BPBM 14661 (19); CAS 31018 (2); LACM 6671-21 (2), USNM 213478 (2). •Synonym of Kelloggella quindecimfasciata (Fowler 1946) -- (Randall 2005:540 [ref. 28239]). Current status: Synonym of Kelloggella quindecimfasciata (Fowler 1946). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

centrolepis, Callogobius Weber [M.] 1909:157 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 31 (note 4); ref. 4600] Tandjong Lajar, Bawean Island, Sulawesi, Indonesia, depth 32 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMA 111745. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:96 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Callogobius centrolepis Weber 1909 -- (McKinney & Lachner 1984:627 [ref. 21192], Goren et al. 1991:299 [ref. 19765], Randall & Goren 1993:6 [ref. 21131], Chen & Shao 2000:459 [ref. 24425], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3595 [ref. 26293], Allen & Adrim 2003:57 [ref. 26830], Chen et al. 2006:230 [ref. 28778], Allen & Erdmann 2012:963 [ref. 31980], Delventhal & Mooi 2013:156 [ref. 32677], Fricke et al. 2014:160 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Callogobius centrolepis Weber 1909. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Chagos Archipelago and Maldives, east to Wallis and Futuna, north to Philippines, south to New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

cephalarges, Gobius Pallas [P. S.] 1814:155 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Feodosiya [Feodosia], Crimea, Ukraine. No types known. •Valid as Neogobius cephalarges (Pallas 1814) -- (Berg 1949:1087 [ref. 20662], Miller 1973:502 [ref. 6888], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1058 [ref. 13677], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:182 [ref. 28369], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:187 [ref. 31737]). •Synonym of Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas 1814) -- (Kottelat 1997:178 [ref. 22952], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:134 [ref. 26753], Pinchuk et al. 2003:293 [ref. 27349], Vasil'eva 2003:S50 [ref. 28444], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:231 [ref. 28183], Neilson & Stepien 2009:96 [ref. 30487], Parin et al. 2014:494 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas 1814). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Black and Azov seas [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cephalargoides, Neogobius Pinchuk [V. I.] 1976:606 [548] [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 16 (no. 4) (art. 99); ref. 8674] Black Sea. Holotype: ZIN 2134 (129 mm TL). Paratypes:ZIN 2134 (94 mm TL). Additional material: ZIN 37280-82 (3, 2, 10), 40009 (8); ZMMU P-10967-68, P-10973, P-11554-56, P-12897-12904, P-12927. On p. 548 of English translation. •Valid as Neogobius cephalargoides Pinchuk 1976 -- (Pinchuk et al. 2003:181 [ref. 27346], Vasil'eva 2003:S49 [ref. 28444], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:229 [ref. 28183], Vasil'eva 2007:160 [ref. 30517]). •Valid as Ponticola cephalargoides (Pinchuk 1976) -- (Neilson & Stepien 2009:97 [ref. 30487], Freyhof 2011:286 [ref. 31742], Stepien & Neilson 2013:2 [ref. 35325], Parin et al. 2014:497 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Ponticola cephalargoides (Pinchuk 1976). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Black Sea and Sea of Azov. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cephalocellatus, Varicus Gilmore [R. G.], Van Tassell [J. L.] & Baldwin [C. C.] in Tornabene, Van Tassell, Gilmore, Robertson, Young & Baldwin 2016:33, Figs. 27-30 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 2016; ref. 34435] Paynes Bay, Barbados, West Indies, 13.162N, -59.658W, depth 159 meters. Holotype: USNM 427232. Paratypes: USNM. •Valid as Varicus cephalocellatus Gilmore, Van Tassell & Baldwin 2016 -- (Tornabene et al. 2016:147 [ref. 34485]). Current status: Valid as Varicus cephalocellatus Gilmore, Van Tassell & Baldwin 2016. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Bonaire, Barbados and St. Vincent, western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

cephalopardus, Ctenogobius Smith [H. M.] 1945:546, Fig. 106 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 188; ref. 4056] On Doi Hua Mot in Huey Melao, a tributary of the Mekok flowing into Mekong River north of Chiengrai, Chiang Rai Province, northern Thailand. Holotype: USNM 119580. Paratypes: USNM 119581-86 (2, 10, 17, 8, 9, 11). •Synonym of Rhinogobius mekongianus (Pellegrin & Fang 1940) -- (Rainboth 1996:208 [ref. 22772], Chen et al. 1999:20 [ref. 23908], Chen & Kottelat 2000:81 [ref. 24446], Kottelat 2001:157 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:425 [ref. 32989], Suzuki et al. 2017:82 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Synonym of Rhinogobius mekongianus (Pellegrin & Fang 1940). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater.

cephalotaenius, Cryptocentrus Ni [Y.] 1989:239 (English p. 242), Fig. [Journal of Fisheries of China v. 13 (no. 3); ref. 17719] Maling, Sanya city, Hainan Province, China. Holotype: ECSFRI [spec. 65-0998]. Paratypes: ECSFRI [spec. 65-0550] (1); SFU [spec. 65-0799] (1), [spec. 65-0999] (1). •Valid as Amblyeleotris cephalotaenius (Ni 1989) -- (Hoese & Larson 2004:169 [ref. 28074], Prokofiev 2016:369 [ref. 34506] as cephalotaenia). Current status: Valid as Amblyeleotris cephalotaenia (Ni 1989). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: marine.

cephalus, Gobius Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Bloch) 1788:65 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Antilles. Unnecessary replacement name for Gobius plumieri Bloch 1786. •Synonym of Sicydium plumieri (Bloch 1786). Current status: Synonym of Sicydium plumieri (Bloch 1786). Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ceramensis, Gobius Bleeker [P.] 1853:704 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 5); ref. 16833] Wahai, Ceram, Indonesia. Syntypes: (4) RMNH 6264 (same of 4). •Synonym of Gobiodon rivulatus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Maugé 1986:370 [ref. 6218]). •Valid as Gobiodon ceramensis (Bleeker 1853) -- (Dor 1984:246 [ref. 29757], Harold & Winterbottom 1995:687 [ref. 21923], Harold & Winterbottom 1999:56 [ref. 23701], Munday et al. 1999:54 [ref. 24284], Larson & Murdy 2001:3597 [ref. 26293], Allen & Adrim 2003:58 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Larson 2006:1655 [ref. 29097], Harold et al. 2008:120 [ref. 29450], Suzuku et al. 2012:59 [ref. 32027] with question, Allen & Erdmann 2012:897 [ref. 31980], Shibukawa et al. 2013:144 [ref. 32951], Fricke et al. 2014:166 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Gobiodon ceramensis (Bleeker 1853). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Queensland (Australia). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cervicosquamus, Ctenogobius Wu [H.-L.], Lu & Ni [Y.] in Wu & Ni 1986:291 [English p. 292], Fig. 167 [The freshwater and estuarine fishes of Hainan Island; ref. 20214] Changhua River, Qiongzhong, China. Holotype: Pearl River Fish. Res. Inst. HN 833124. Paratypes: HN 830574-76 (3), 831949 (1), 833116-19 (4), 833124 (1), 833130 (1), 833132-33 (1, 1), 833037 (1). •Valid as Ctenogobius cervicosquamus Wu, Lu & Ni 1986 -- (Wu in Pan et al. 1991:485 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:182 [ref. 25213]). •Synonym of Rhinogobius leavelli (Herre 1935) -- (Kottelat 2013:425 [ref. 32989] with question, Suzuki et al. 2017:82 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Synonym of Rhinogobius leavelli (Herre 1935). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Qiongzhong, China (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

ceuthoecum, Gobiosoma Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1884:29 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 7 (no. 402); ref. 12325] Key West, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM 34970. •Valid as Barbulifer ceuthoecus (Jordan & Gilbert 1884) -- (Hoese & Larson 1985:335 [ref. 6787], Robins & Ray 1986:253 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1994:152 [ref. 24488], Allen & Robertson 1994:258 [ref. 22193], Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1134 [ref. 22829], Rüber et al. 2003:1596 [ref. 26969], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1792 [ref. 27111], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:98 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:58 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:169 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:669 [ref. 28815], Joyeux et al. 2009:65 [ref. 30108], Van Tassell 2011:151 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Barbulifer ceuthoecus (Jordan & Gilbert 1884). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic and eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

ceylonensis, Periophthalmus vulgaris Eggert [B.] 1935:85 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 67; ref. 13880] Galle, Sri Lanka. Syntypes: ?Zool. Inst. Univ. Jena (2) (not recovered). Comments on types for Periophthalmus vulgaris, subspecies ceylonensis Eggert 1935: Konstantinidis et al. 2016:[5] [ref. 34503]. •Synonym of Periophthalmus argentilineatus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Murdy 1989:32 [ref. 13628]). •Synonym of Periophthalmus kalolo Lesson 1931 -- (Kottelat 2013:419 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Periophthalmus kalolo Lesson 1831. Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

chaimi, Silhouettea Goren [M.] 1978:197, Fig. 4 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 59 (nos 3/4); ref. 1851] Nabek, Sinai, Egypt, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Holotype: HUJ 10064 [ex HUJ 7579b]. Paratypes: HUJ 11222 [ex 7579c] (orig. 3, now 2), 7581 (1); SMF 13821 (1), 13837 (1). Type catalog: Golani 2006:35 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Acentrogobius chaimi Goren 1978 -- (Miller 1988:269 [ref. 26483]). •Valid as Silhouettea chaimi Goren 1978 -- (Goren 1979:53 [ref. 1852], Dor 1984:250 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:66 [ref. 25356]). •Synonym of Papillogobius melanobranchus (Fowler 1934) -- (Kovačić & Bogorodsky 2013:370 [ref. 32441]). •Synonym of Favonigobius melanobranchus (Fowler 1934). Current status: Synonym of Favonigobius melanobranchus (Fowler 1934). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Northern Red Sea endemic: Gulf of Aqaba (if valid). Habitat: marine.

chamiri, Boleophthalmus Holly [M.] 1929:63 [2] [Anzeiger der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse v. 66 (no. 7); ref. 16087] "Chamir" opposite the Tawilah Island, in the strait of Hormuz, southeastern Iran. Holotype (unique): NMW 13804. On p. 2 of separate. •Synonym of Boleophthalmus dussumieri Valenciennes 1837 -- (Murdy 1989:14 [ref. 13628]). Current status: Synonym of Boleophthalmus dussumieri Valenciennes 1837. Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

chancei, Gobiosoma Beebe [W.] & Hollister [G.] 1933:87, Fig. 17 [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 12 (no. 9); ref. 16100] St. George's Bay, Grenada, British West Indies. Holotype (unique): USNM 170955 [ex NYZS]. Type catalog: Mead 1958:133 [ref. 20648]. •Valid as Gobiosoma chancei Beebe & Hollister 1933 -- (Cervigón 1994:188 [ref. 24488], Rüber et al. 2003:1596 [ref. 26969]). •Valid as Elacatinus chancei (Beebe & Hollister 1933) -- (Hoese & Reader 2001:157 [ref. 26035], Colin 2002:4 [ref. 26436], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1793 [ref. 27111], Taylor & Akins 2007:47 [ref. 29023], Randall & Lobel 2009:11 [ref. 30249], Colin 2010:38, 46 [ref. 30879], Van Tassell 2011:152 [ref. 31732], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:77 [ref. 33341], Victor 2014:25 [ref. 33549]). Current status: Valid as Elacatinus chancei (Beebe & Hollister 1933). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

changjiangensis, Rhinogobius Chen [I-S.], Miller [P. J.], Wu [H.-L.] & Fang [L.-S.] 2002:261, Figs. 2, 6, 8, 9 [Marine and Freshwater Research v. 53 (no. 2); ref. 25989] Upper hill stream of Changhwajiang River, Hainan Island, China. Holotype: NMMBP-1901 [ex ISP-96231]. Paratypes: ISP-96232 (1), 96233 (1), 96234 (1). •Valid as Rhinogobius changjiangensis Chen, Miller, Wu & Fang 2002 -- (Li & Zhong 2009:332 [ref. 30205], Kottelat 2013:424 [ref. 32989], Chen & Miller 2014:124 [ref. 33160], Zhang et al. 2016:201 [ref. 34477], Takahashi & Okazaki 2017:[3] [ref. 35171], Suzuki et al. 2017:82 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Valid as Rhinogobius changjiangensis Chen, Miller, Wu & Fang 2002. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Hainan Island, China. Habitat: freshwater.

changtinensis, Rhinogobius Huang [S.-P.] & Chen [I-S.] 2007:102, Figs. 1-2, 7 [Bulletin of the Raffles Museum Suppl. No. 14; ref. 29017] Small hill-stream near the freeway terminal, tributary near Chang-Ting County, Fujian Province, Hanjiang River basin, southern China. Holotype: ZRC 50527. Paratypes: ASIZP 0066340 (1); NTOU P.2005-7-011 (7). •Valid as Rhinogobius changtinensis Huang & Chen 2007 -- (Chen et al. 2008:342 [ref. 29895], Chen & Miller 2008:231 [ref. 29935], Li & Zhong 2009:332 [ref. 30205], Huang et al. 2016:[9] [ref. 34339], Zhang et al. 2016:202 [ref. 34477], Takahashi & Okazaki 2017:[2] [ref. 35171], Suzuki et al. 2017:83 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Valid as Rhinogobius changtinensis Huang & Chen 2007. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Fujian Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

changua, Gobius Hamilton [F.] 1822:41, 365, Pl. 5 (fig. 10) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Ganges River estuaries, India. No types known. •Synonym of Pseudapocryptes lanceolatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Murdy 1989:47 [ref. 13628]). •Synonym of Pseudapocryptes elongatus (Cuvier 1816) -- (Ataur Rahman 2003:317 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2013:421 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudapocryptes elongatus (Cuvier 1816). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

chantungensis, Trypauchen wakae Fang [P.-W.] 1942:85 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 67; ref. 13123] Chefoo, Shantung Province, China. Holotype: MNHN 1941-0189. Paratypes: MNHN 1941-0190 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:46 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Paratrypauchen microcephalus (Bleeker 1860) -- (Murdy 2008:118 [ref. 29751], Kottelat 2013:433 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Paratrypauchen microcephalus (Bleeker 1860). Gobiidae: Amblyopinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

charrieri, Syrrhothonus Chabanaud [P.] 1933:1249 [1] [Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences v. 197; ref. 788] Tangiers, northern Morocco, Strait of Gibraltar, eastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): MNHN (lost). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:61 [ref. 19958]. On p. 1 of separate. Also in Chabanaud 1933:172, figs. 1-4 [ref. 789]. •Synonym of Pomatoschistus marmoratus (Risso 1810) -- (Miller 1973:508 [ref. 6888], Maugé 1986:380 [ref. 6218], Kottelat 1997:180 [ref. 22952], Vasil'eva 1998:144 [ref. 23591]). Current status: Synonym of Pomatoschistus marmoratus (Risso 1810). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

chefuensis, Gobius Wu [H.-W.] & Wang [K. F.] 1931:6, Fig. 4 [Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China. (Zoological Series) v. 8 (no. 1); ref. 16407] Chefoo, Shantung Province, China. Syntypes: Mus. Biol. Lab. Sci. Soc. China 7279, 7445. •Synonym of Gobius pflaumii Bleeker 1853 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:359 [ref. 7348] as pflaumi). •Synonym of Acentrogobius pflaumii (Bleeker 1853). Current status: Synonym of Acentrogobius pflaumii (Bleeker 1853). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

chengtuensis, Gobius Chang [H.-W.] 1944:59 [Sinensia v. 15 (nos 1-6); ref. 5136] Chengtu and Omei, western China. Syntypes: ? Chang pers. coll. 1609 (1), 1974 (1), 1995 (1), 3807 (1). •Valid as Ctenogobius chengtuensis (Chang 1944) -- (Deng in Ding 1994:529 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:183 [ref. 25213]). •Synonym of Rhinogobius szechuanensis (Tchang 1939) -- (Suzuki et al. 2017:81 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Synonym of Rhinogobius szechuanensis (Tchang 1939). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater.

cheni, Cryptocentrus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1933:429 [Lingnan Science Journal, Canton v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 10983] Hainan Island, China. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 25494. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:147 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:109 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Cryptocentrus melanopus (Bleeker 1860) -- (Hoese et al. 2011:171 [ref. 31450]). Current status: Synonym of Cryptocentrus melanopus (Bleeker 1860). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

cheni, Gobius Nichols [J. T.] 1931:1 [American Museum Novitates No. 499; ref. 16311] Hokou (Chaoshan), northeastern Kiangsi Province, China. Holotype: AMNH 9694. Paratypes: AMNH 11671 (2). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:123 [ref. 2676]. •Valid as Rhinogobius cheni (Nichols 1931) -- (Chen et al. 2008:341 [ref. 29895], Esmaeili et al. 2010:378 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:900 [ref. 34062], Huang et al. 2016:[8] [ref. 34339], Takahashi & Okazaki 2017:[2] [ref. 35171], Suzuki et al. 2017:81 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Valid as Rhinogobius cheni (Nichols 1931). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Jiangxi Province, China (introduced in Iran). Habitat: freshwater.

cheni, Trimma Winterbottom [R.] 2011:133, Figs. 3-5 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 17 (no. 3); ref. 31449] Waigeo Island, west side, 0°16'26"S, 130°19'01.5"E, Tanjung Manare, depth 52 meters. Holotype: ROM 87481. Paratypes: many at AMS, MZB and ROM. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Trimma cheni Winterbottom 2011 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:936 [ref. 31980], Winterbottom 2014:215 [ref. 33327], Winterbottom et al. 2014:382 [ref. 33402],Winterbottom & Hoese 2015:55 [ref. 33709]). Current status: Valid as Trimma cheni Winterbottom 2011. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Raja Ampat Islands, Palau, Philippines and south-west to Sulawesi and Flores. Habitat: marine.

cheraphilus, Amblygobius Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2016:17, Figs. 1C, 5-7 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 24; ref. 35073] Alotau, Papua New Guinea, off Nawae Constructions shipyard, 4.8 km west of main Alotau wharf, 10°18.256'S, 150°24.768'E, depth 14.5 meters. Holotype: WAM P.34525-001. Paratypes: USNM, WAM. •Valid as Amblygobius cheraphilus Allen & Erdmann 2016. Current status: Valid as Amblygobius cheraphilus Allen & Erdmann 2016. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea and photographs from Ryukyu Islands and Bali and Flores, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

chiengmaiensis, Rhinogobius Fowler [H. W.] 1934:157, Fig. 126 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1417] Chieng Mai, northern Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 59774. Paratypes: ANSP 59772-73 (2). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:135 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1984:105 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Rhinogobius chiengmaiensis Fowler 1934 -- (Chen & Kottelat 2000:81 [ref. 24446], Chen et al. 2008:341 [ref. 29895], Kottelat 2013:424 [ref. 32989], Huang et al. 2016:[8] [ref. 34339], Takahashi & Okazaki 2017:[2] [ref. 35171], Suzuki et al. 2017:81 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Valid as Rhinogobius chiengmaiensis Fowler 1934. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

chilkensis, Gobius Jenkins [J. T.] 1910:137, Pl. 6 (fig. 2) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 5 (art. 12); ref. 14478] Lake Chilka, Gopkuda Island, India. Syntypes: (12). •Synonym of Stigmatogobius javanicus (Bleeker 1856) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:947 [ref. 20764]). •Species inquirenda in Pseudogobius -- (Kottelat 2013:422 [ref. 32989]). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

chilkensis, Taenioides Hora [S. L.] 1923:757, Fig. 34 [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 5 (no. 11); ref. 2204] Channel off Barhampur Island, Chilka Lake, Orissa, India. Syntypes: ZSI F10385/1 (5) channel off Barhampur I. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:154 [ref. 20743] with Chaudhuri as author. See Das 2003:374 [ref. 27706]. •Questionably a synonym of Taenioides buchanani (Day 1873) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:985 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Caragobius urolepis (Bleeker 1852) -- (Murdy & Shibukawa 2003:5 [ref. 27145], Kottelat 2013:433 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Caragobius urolepis (Bleeker 1852). Gobiidae: Amblyopinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

chilo, Gobius Pallas [P. S.] 1814:156 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Feodosiya [Feodosia], Ukraine. No types known. •Synonym of Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas 1814) -- (Berg 1949:1083 [ref. 20662], Miller 1973:503 [ref. 6888], Vasil'eva 1998:140 [ref. 23591], Pinchuk et al. 2003:293 [ref. 27349], Vasil'eva 2003:S50 [ref. 28444], Neilson & Stepien 2009:96 [ref. 30487], Parin et al. 2014:494 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas 1814). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

chiloensis, Gobius Guichenot [A.] 1848:293, Pl. 6 bis (fig. 1) [Fauna Chilena.... in Gay.; ref. 1939] Isla de Chiloé, near San Carlos, Chile. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:55 [ref. 19958] as probably a Mugiloididae or Notothenioidei. •Valid as Heterogobius chiloensis (Guichenot 1848) -- (Pequeño 1989:66 [ref. 14125]). Current status: Valid as Heterogobius chiloensis (Guichenot 1848). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Chile. Habitat: marine.

chinensis, Boleophthalmus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:215 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Canton, China. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:52 [ref. 19958] as no types at MNHN. •Synonym of Scartelaos histophorus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Murdy 1989:51 [ref. 13628], Kottelat 2013:426 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Scartelaos histophorus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

chinensis, Ctenotrypauchen Steindachner [F.] 1867:63 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe v. 4 (no. 8); ref. 20462] China. Holotype (unique): NMW 76865. Species also appeared on p. 441 of English version [ref. 20462]; later appeared in more detail in Steindachner 1867:530, Pl. 6 (figs. 3-4) [ref. 4215]; and p. 14 of separate. •Valid as Ctenotrypauchen chinensis Steindachner 1867 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:414 [ref. 7348], Wang et al. 2001:280 [ref. 26566], Murdy 2008:124 [ref. 29751], Murdy 2011:116 [ref. 31729], Larson et al. 2013:195 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Ctenotrypauchen chinensis Steindachner 1867. Gobiidae: Amblyopinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

chinensis, Oxyurichthys Pezold [F. L.] & Larson [H. K.] 2015:22, Fig. 7 [Zootaxa 3988 (no. 1); ref. 33894] Sanya Bay, south coast Hainan Island, China, depth 18 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 54835. Paratypes: NSMT-P. •Valid as Oxyurichthys chinensis Pezold & Larson 2015. Current status: Valid as Oxyurichthys chinensis Pezold & Larson 2015. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Hainan Island, China. Habitat: marine.

chinensis, Vaimosa Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:287 [Hong Kong Naturalist v. 6 (nos 3-4); ref. 13700] Tide pool at Hong Kong. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 30966. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:149 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:118 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Redigobius bikolanus (Herre 1927) -- (Larson 2010:134 [ref. 30783], Kottelat 2013:423 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Redigobius bikolanus (Herre 1927). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: marine.

chionomaculatus, Clariger Shiogaki [M.] 1988:128, Figs. 2-3 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 35 (no. 2); ref. 6854] Rocky shore of Moura, Hiranai-machi, Aomori Prefecture, Mutsu Bay, Japan, 40°56'N, 140°52'E. Holotype: NSMT-P 44537. Paratypes: FNU 100200-208 (9); NSMT-P 44538-42 (5, 1 c&s), 44543-59 (17). •Valid as Clariger chionomaculatus Shiogaki 1988 -- (Shiogaki 1988:131 [ref. 6854], Nakabo 2000:1166 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1166 [ref. 26193], Jang-Liaw et al. 2012:14 [ref. 32010]). Current status: Valid as Clariger chionomaculatus Shiogaki 1988. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

chiquita, Gobius Jenkins [O. P.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1889:146 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 11 (no. 698); ref. 2342] Guaymas, Sonora, western Mexico. Holotype: USNM 39634. Paratypes: (6). •Valid as Gobiosoma chiquita (Jenkins & Evermann 1889) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:264 [ref. 22193], Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1135 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:171 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:231 [ref. 25640], Rüber et al. 2003:1597 [ref. 26969], Nelson et al. 2004:171 [ref. 27807], Van Tassell 2011:154 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:177 [ref. 32708], Tornabene & Van Tassell 2014:23 [ref. 33167]). Current status: Valid as Gobiosoma chiquita (Jenkins & Evermann 1889). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Easten Pacific: Gulf of California. Habitat: brackish, marine.

chlamydes, Bollmannia Jordan [D. S.] in Jordan & Bollman 1890:164 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 12 (no. 770); ref. 2433] Off Pacific coast of Colombia, 8°51'00"N, 79°31'30"W, Albatross station 2800. Lectotype: USNM 93825 [ex USNM 41234 in part]. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1900.9.29.238 [from Jordan] (1); NMW 79356 (1); CAS-SU 489 (9); USNM 41142 (1), 41158 (2), 41234 (2), 43417 (2). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:133 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:108 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype selected by Ginsburg 1939:58 [ref. 12362]. •Valid as Bollmannia chlamydes Jordan 1890 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:259 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:142 [ref. 23101], Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1134 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:162 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:148 [ref. 24555], Rüber et al. 2003:1596 [ref. 26969], Van Tassell 2011:167 [ref. 31732]). Current status: Valid as Bollmannia chlamydes Jordan 1890. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

chledophilum, Trimma Allen [G. R.] 2015:33, Figs. 3-6 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 14; ref. 33704] Alotau, Papua New Guinea, 4.8 km east of main wharf, 10°18.256’S, 150°24.768’E, depth 17.5 meters. Holotype: WAM P.34319-007. Paratypes: WAM P.34319-007 (18). •Valid as Trimma chledophilum Allen 2015. Current status: Valid as Trimma chledophilum Allen 2015. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

chloe, Sicyopus (Smilosicyopus) Watson [R. E.], Keith [P.] & Marquet [G.] 2001:43, Figs. 1-3 [Cybium v. 25 (no. 1); ref. 25349] Wé Tite, eastern slope streams of North Province, New Caledonia, elevation 80 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1996-262. Paratypes: BPBM 37406 (1); MNHN 1996-263 (1), 2000-670 to 674 (2, 1, 6, 1, 5); SMF 28325 (2); UF 112009 (2). •Valid as Sicyopus chloe Watson, Keith & Marquet 2001 -- (Keith et al. 2002:188 [ref. 26363], Keith & Marquet 2005:390 [ref. 28469] in subgenus Smilosicyopus, Keith et al. 2010:303 [ref. 30933] in subgenus Smilosicyopus). •Valid as Smilosicyopus chloe (Watson, Keith & Marquet 2001) -- (Keith et al. 2011 [ref. 31023] based on status of Smilosicyopus, Keith & Taillebois 2014:72 [ref. 33422], Keith et al. 2015:160 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Smilosicyopus chloe (Watson, Keith & Marquet 2001). Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: New Caledonia and Vanuatu [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

chlorostigma, Gobius Bleeker [P.] 1849:27 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [6]; ref. 319] Jakarta, Surabaya, Kammal, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 6177 (some of 28). Appeared without distinguishing features in list in Bleeker 1849:5 [ref. 320]. •Synonym of Acentrogobius viridipunctatus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Hoese & Larson 2006:1617 [ref. 29097], Kottelat 2013:398 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Acentrogobius viridipunctatus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

chlorostigmatoides, Gobius Bleeker [P.] 1849:26 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [6]; ref. 319] Madura Straits near Surabaya and Kammal, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 6168 (some or all of 12). Appeared without distinguishing features in list in Bleeker 1849:5 [ref. 320]. •Synonym of Aulopareia unicolor (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:142 [ref. 23448]). •Valid as Acentrogobius chlorostigmatoides (Bleeker 1849) -- (Zheng 1989:347 [ref. 21202], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:478 [ref. 23876], Rainboth 1996:197 [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Creisson chlorostigmatoides (Bleeker 1849) -- (Chen et al. 1996:2 [ref. 22533]). •Synonym of Aulopareia unicolor (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:142 [ref. 23448], Kottelat 2013:400 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Aulopareia unicolor (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indonesia and China (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

chrysargus, Gobius van Hasselt [J. C.] in Koumans in Weber & de beaufort 1953:88 [Fishes Indo-Australian Archipelago v. 10; ref. 2678] Museum name mentioned in synonymy of Cryptocentrus russus Cantor, not available. Gobiidae.

chrysophthalmus, Scartelaos Swainson [W.] 1839:280 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Based on Ham. pl. 37, fig. 10 -- which is Hamilton 1822:Pl. 37 (fig. 10) [ref. 2031]. Unneeded new name for and objective synonym of Apocryptes bato (Hamilton 1822). •Synonym of Apocryptes bato (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:399 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Apocryptes bato (Hamilton 1822). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

chrysosoma, Lophogobius Bleeker [P.] 1875:114 [Archives néerlandaises des sciences exactes et naturelles v. 10; ref. 12599] Bandjermasin, Borneo; Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 4489 (4). •Valid as Redigobius chrysosoma (Bleeker 1875) -- (Allen 1991:192 [ref. 21090], Kottelat et al. 1993:151 [ref. 23448], Larson & Williams 1997:370 [ref. 23967], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:70 [ref. 25191], Allen et al. 2000:129 [ref. 27467] with author as Günther 1861, Larson 2001:207 [ref. 25522], Larson & Murdy 2001:3601 [ref. 26293] as chrysosomus, Allen et al. 2002:284 [ref. 25930], Hoese & Larson 2006:1681 [ref. 29097], Allen et al. 2008:175 [ref. 30265], Larson 2010:142 [ref. 30783], Larson et al. 2013:207 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:423 [ref. 32989], Huang et al. 2014:113 [ref. 33161] as chrysosomus). Current status: Valid as Redigobius chrysosoma (Bleeker 1875). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

chrysospilos, Periophthalmus Bleeker [P.] 1853:728 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 5); ref. 16829] Karang hadji, Bangka, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 4760 (2 of 4). •Valid as Periophthalmus chrysospilos Bleeker 1853 -- (Murdy 1989:36 [ref. 13628], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:964 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:149 [ref. 23448], Rema Devi 1993:184 [ref. 24020], Murdy & Takita 1999:369 [ref. 24198], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:639 [ref. 25122], Larson & Murdy 2001:3602 [ref. 26293], Darumas & Tantichodok 2002:106 [ref. 27202], Larson & Takita 2004:184 [ref. 28075], Larson et al. 2008:139 [ref. 29532], Jaafar & Larson 2008:951 [ref. 29863], Murdy 2011:105 [ref. 31728] dated 1852, Kottelat 2013:418 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Periophthalmus chrysospilos Bleeker 1853. Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

chulae, Vaimosa Smith [H. M.] 1932:260, Pl. 23 (bottom) [Journal of the Siam Society, Natural History Supplement v. 8 (no. 4); ref. 4050] Pool on Koh Samui, Gulf of Thailand. Holotype: KUMF 1889. Paratypes: KUMF 1889 (1), 1888 (2), USNM 119645 (2). •Valid as Mugilogobius chulae (Smith 1932) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:268 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:576 [ref. 25598], Rainboth 1996:205 [ref. 22772], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:638 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1242 [ref. 25182], Kottelat 2001:60 [ref. 25482], Larson 2001:109 [ref. 25522], Larson & Murdy 2001:3601 [ref. 26293], Sakai et al. 2001:113 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:1242 [ref. 26193], Tan & Lim 2004:111 [ref. 27716], Larson et al. 2008:142 [ref. 29532], Shibukawa 2009:279 [ref. 30449], Kottelat 2013:413 [ref. 32989], Huang et al. 2013:98 [ref. 33734], Miesen et al. 2016:93 [ref. 34492], Huang et al. 2016:14 [ref. 34500]). Current status: Valid as Mugilogobius chulae (Smith 1932). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Thailand. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

chuno, Gobius Hamilton [F.] 1822:53, 366 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Estuary below Calcutta, India. No types known. •Valid as Gobiopterus chuno (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:310 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:967 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:145 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:204 [ref. 22772], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:638 [ref. 25122], Freyhof et al. 2000:97 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:155 [ref. 25780], Larson & Murdy 2001:3601 [ref. 26293], Khan 2003:10 [ref. 27710], Ataur Rahman 2003:336 [ref. 31338], Tan & Lim 2004:111 [ref. 27716], Ott 2011:73 [ref. 32266], Kottelat 2013:410 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:48 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Gobiopterus chuno (Hamilton 1822). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Mekong basin. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

chusanensis, Ctenogobius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1940:295, Pl. 1 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 73 (no. 3); ref. 2132] Mud puddles on islet across the tidal stream from Tinghai, Chusan Island, China. Holotype: CAS-SU 32995. Paratypes: CAS-SU 32996 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:110 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Centrogobius chusanensis (Herre 1940). Current status: Valid as Acentrogobius chusanensis (Herre 1940). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: brackish.

cinctus, Gobiomorphus Regan [C. T.] 1908:240 [The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Second Series. Zoology v. 12 (pt 3); ref. 3634] Salomon Atoll, Chagos Archipelago, Indian Ocean [ca. 5°20'S 72°16'E]. Syntypes: BMNH 1908.3.23.217-218 (2). Priolepis is feminine; cincta is the correct ending when in Priolepis. •Valid as Quisquilius cinctus (Regan 1908) -- (Goren 1979:50 [ref. 1852], Dor 1984:250 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Priolepis cincta or cinctus (Regan 1908) -- (Larson & Hoese 1980:41 [ref. 2725], Hoese 1986:801 [ref. 5670], Allen & Swainston 1988:136 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:407 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:353 [ref. 23929], Randall & Goren 1993:19 [ref. 21131], Winterbottom & Burridge 1993:2061 [ref. 21406], Randall et al. 1994:249 [ref. 21645], Goren & Dor 1994:66 [ref. 25356], Goren & Baranes 1995:346 [ref. 21951], Randall 1995:341 [ref. 22896], Aonuma et al. 1996:325 [ref. 22433], Allen 1997:218 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:213 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:346 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:407 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:259 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:520 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:749 [ref. 25471], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:639 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1173 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3599 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1173 [ref. 26193], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S119 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:645 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:190 [ref. 27510] as cincta, Randall et al. 2004:28 [ref. 27624] as cincta, Heemstra et al. 2004:3329 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:547 [ref. 28239] as cincta, Hoese & Larson 2006:1677 [ref. 29097] as cincta, Fricke et al. 2009:103 [ref. 30213], Shibukawa 2009:284 [ref. 30449], Motomura et al. 2010:217 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:928 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:270 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:171 [ref. 33932], Hoese et al. 2015:539 [ref. 33990], Motomura et al. 2015:30 [ref. 34709] as cincta, Bogorodsky et al. 2016:170 [ref. 34658], Koeda et al. 2016:94 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Priolepis cincta (Regan 1908). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Mozambique Channel, Seychelles, Comores and Mascarenes east to Fiji and Tonga, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, Elizabeth and Middleton reefs, and New Caledonia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cinctus, Microgobius Nichols [J. T.] 1952:4, Fig. 2 [American Museum Novitates No. 1594; ref. 12793] Carmen Island, Gulf of California, Mexico. Holotype: AMNH 18725. Paratypes: AMNH 20935 (1). •Synonym of Lythrypnus dalli (Gilbert 1890) -- (Wiley 1976:170 [ref. 23169], Birdsong 1981:271 [ref. 5425]). Current status: Synonym of Lythrypnus dalli (Gilbert 1890). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

cinctus, Smilogobius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1936:12, Pl. 9 [Bulletin of the Raffles Museum No. 12; ref. 10994] Reef in Singapore Harbor. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 29103. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:152 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:117 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Cryptocentrus cinctus (Herre 1936) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:257 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:398 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:214 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:348 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:398 [ref. 25919], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1228 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:119 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3596 [ref. 26293], Satapoomin & Winterbottom 2002:62 [ref. 26168], Nakabo 2002:1228 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:57 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Larson 2004:169 [ref. 28074], Hoese & Larson 2006:1637 [ref. 29097], Larson et al. 2008:147 [ref. 29532], Hoese et al. 2011:168 [ref. 31450], Allen & Erdmann 2012:870 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:161 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Cryptocentrus cinctus (Herre 1936). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and eastern Indian Ocean: Andaman Sea and Indonesia, east to Caroline Islands and New Guinea, north to Yaeyama Islands, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

cingulatus, Cryptocentrus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1934:291 [Lingnan Science Journal, Canton v. 13 (no. 2); ref. 10988] Heung Chow, Kwangtung, China. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 30954. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:148 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:109 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Tomiyamichthys papuanus (Peters 1877) -- (Hoese et al. 2016:583 [ref. 34210]). Current status: Synonym of Tomiyamichthys papuanus (Peters 1877). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

circumspectus, Gobius Macleay [W.] 1883:267 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 17587] Fresh water of Milne Bay, New Guinea. Holotype (unique): AMS I.9186. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:163 [ref. 2676]. •Valid as Glossogobius circumspectus (Macleay 1883) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:134 [ref. 25477], Kottelat et al. 1993:145 [ref. 23448], Allen 1997:216 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:368 [ref. 23967], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:637 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1201 [ref. 25182], Larson & Murdy 2001:3597 [ref. 26293], Sakai et al. 2001:112 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:277 [ref. 25930], Nakabo 2002:1201 [ref. 26193], Hoese & Larson 2006:1653 [ref. 29097], Larson et al. 2008:149 [ref. 29532], Motomura et al. 2010:212 [ref. 31256], Hoese & Allen 2012:269 [ref. 31974], Larson et al. 2013:198 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:165 [ref. 33932], Hoese & Allen 2015:214 [ref. 33880], Prokofiev 2016:646 [ref. 35020], Pusey et al. 2017:75 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Glossogobius circumspectus (Macleay 1883). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean: Vietnam, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Australia and New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

cirratus, Amblyopus Blyth [E.] 1860:147 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Probably from fish market at Calcutta, India. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Taenioides cirratus (Blyth 1860) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:416 [ref. 7348], Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:288 [ref. 6441], Maugé 1986:385 [ref. 6218], Wu & Ni in Kuang et al. 1986:309 [ref. 26639] dated 1806 [sic], Ataur Rahman 1989:314 [ref. 24860], Allen 1991:202 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:985 [ref. 20764], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:446 [ref. 23876], Kottelat et al. 1993:156 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:213 [ref. 22772], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:640 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1157 [ref. 25182], Larson & Murdy 2001:3594 [ref. 26293], Sakai et al. 2001:120 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:1157 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:400, 667 [ref. 26218], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Ataur Rahman 2003:340 [ref. 31338], Proudlove 2006:269 [ref. 28992], Hoese & Larson 2006:1685 [ref. 29097], Allen et al. 2008:185 [ref. 30265], Larson et al. 2013:208 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:434 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Taenioides cirratus (Blyth 1860). Gobiidae: Amblyopinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: eastern Africa to New Guinea and Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cirrifer, Obliquogobius Shibukawa [K.] & Aonuma [Y.] 2007:143, Figs. 1B, 2A-B [Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science (Ser. A) Supplement No.1; ref. 29107] Off Nago, Okinawa-jima Island, Okinawa Group, Ryukyu Is, Japan, 26°32.18'N, 127°43.96'E to 26°32.64'N, 127°44.29'E, depth 394-404 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 73000. Paratypes: NSMT-P 73001 (1), NTM S.16179-001 (1). Plus non-type material (p. 145-146) as cf cirrifer from the Philippines and Fiji. •Valid as Obliquogobius cirrifer Shibukawa & Aonuma 2007 -- (Chen et al. 2012:269 [ref. 32041]). Current status: Valid as Obliquogobius cirrifer Shibukawa & Aonuma 2007. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Habitat: marine.

citrina, Gobius ophiocephalus var. Ninni [A. P.] 1938:154 [Memoria, Comitato Talassografico Italiano No. 242; ref. 18478] Sea of Marmara (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. •Synonym of Zosterisessor ophiocephalus (Pallas 1814) -- (Miller 1973:514 [ref. 6888], Kottelat 1997:181 [ref. 22952], Pinchuk et al. in Miller 2004:5 [ref. 27853]). •Synonym of Gobius ophiocephalus Pallas 1814. Current status: Synonym of Gobius ophiocephalus Pallas 1814. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

citrinus, Gobius Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1838:139, Pl. 32 (fig. 4) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntypes: SMF 1873 (6). •Valid as Gobiodon citrinus (Rüppell 1838) -- (Dor 1984:246 [ref. 29757], Yoshino & Yamamoto in Masuda et al. 1984:265 [ref. 6441], Hoese 1986:791 [ref. 5670], Randall et al. 1990:402 [ref. 15987], Randall & Goren 1993:14 [ref. 21131], Goren & Dor 1994:64 [ref. 25356], Harold & Winterbottom 1995:687 [ref. 21923], Randall 1995:337 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:214 [ref. 23922], Randall et al. 1997:402 [ref. 25919], Harold & Winterbottom 1999:56 [ref. 23701], Myers 1999:255 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:514 [ref. 24106], Munday et al. 1999:54 [ref. 24284], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:638 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3597 [ref. 26293], Thacker & Cole 2002:840 [ref. 26548], Allen & Adrim 2003:59 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S119 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:644 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:27 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:537 [ref. 28239], Herler & Hilgers 2005:115 [ref. 28528], Hoese & Larson 2006:1656 [ref. 29097], Harold et al. 2008:120 [ref. 29450], Larson et al. 2008:149 [ref. 29532], Larson et al. 2008:149 [ref. 29532], Fricke et al. 2009:101 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:897 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:270 [ref. 32706], Herler et al. 2013:327 [ref. 32889], Shibukawa et al. 2013:144 [ref. 32951], Fricke et al. 2014:166 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Gobiodon citrinus (Rüppell 1838). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Mozambique Channel, Aldabra, Seychelles and Réunion (western Mascarenes) east to Samoa and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

clarescens, Vitraria Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903:205 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2450] Hilo, Hawaii Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50655. Paratypes: AMNH 2295 (1), ANSP 24223 (1), BPBM 1700 (1), MCZ 54391 (1, apparently lost), CAS-SU 7469 (1), USNM 126696 [ex USFC 2720] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:119 [ref. 12291], Böhlke 1984:105 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Sicyopterus stimpsoni (Gill 1860) -- (Greenfield et al. 1998:501 [ref. 23340], Mundy 2005:481 [ref. 28379], Keith et al. 2015:134 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Synonym of Sicyopterus stimpsoni (Gill 1860). Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

clarki, Ctenogobius Evermann [B. W.] & Shaw [T.] 1927:119 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4) v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 1286] Chuchi, China. Holotype: CAS 507. Paratypes: CAS 580 (1, missing), 581 (1), 582 (1), 583 (1). •Valid as Ctenogobius clarki Evermann & Shaw 1927 -- (Zhu 1995:181 [ref. 25213]). Current status: Valid as Ctenogobius clarki Evermann & Shaw 1927. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

clarki, Drombus Goren [M.] 1978:200, Fig. 6 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 59 (nos 3/4); ref. 1851] El-Tor, Sinai coast, Egypt, Gulf of Suez, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): HUJ 10065 [ex HUJ 5697b]. Type catalog: Golani 2006:34 [ref. 28840]. Named after Eugenie Clark, therefore mandatory correction to clarkae. •Valid as Drombus clarki Goren 1978 -- (Goren 1979:36 [ref. 1852]). •Synonym of Callogobius bifasciatus (Smith 1958) -- (Randall et al. 1994:240 [ref. 21645], Randall 1995:330 [ref. 22896]). •Valid as Callogobius clarki (Goren 1978) -- (Goren 1980:213 [ref. 8716], Dor 1984:241 [ref. 29757], Goren et al. 1991:300 [ref. 19765], Goren & Dor 1994:63 [ref. 25356], Delventhal & Mooi 2013:156 [ref. 32677], Delventhal & Mooi 2014:143 [ref. 33337], Delventhal et al. 2016:235 [ref. 34863]). •Valid as Callogobius clarkae (Goren 1978). Current status: Valid as Callogobius clarkae (Goren 1978). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea. Habitat: marine.

claytonii, Gobius Meek [S. E.] 1902:121, Pl. 31 lower [Field Columbian Museum, Zoological Series v. 3 (no. 6); ref. 2957] Río San Francisco at La Antigua, Veracruz, Mexico. Holotype: FMNH 3740. Non-types: FMNH 3741 (1), 16900-06 (7). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:41 [ref. 12367]. •Objective synonym of Ctenogobius fasciatus Gill 1858 -- (Robins & Lachner 1966:867 [ref. 22354]). •Valid as Gobionellus claytonii (Meek 1902) -- (González Bencomo et al. 1997:159 [ref. 24960], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:444 [ref. 24550] as claytoni, Miller 2006:397 [ref. 28615] as claytoni). •Valid as Ctenogobius claytonii (Meek 1902) -- (Murdy & Hoese 2003:1795 [ref. 27111] as claytoni, Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:658 [ref. 27061], Pezold 2004:273 [ref. 27685] as claytoni, Nelson et al. 2004:170 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:688 [ref. 28815], Scharpf 2009:13 [ref. 30400], Van Tassell 2011:143 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:176 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Ctenogobius claytonii (Meek 1902). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: North, Central and South America: Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cliffordpopei, Gobius Nichols [J. T.] 1925:5 [American Museum Novitates No. 185; ref. 3180] Tungting Lake, Hunan Island, China. Holotype (unique): AMNH 8438. Non-types: FMNH 14697-700 (4). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:122 [ref. 2676], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:42 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Ctenogobius cliffordpopei (Nichols 1925) -- (Zheng 1989:353 [ref. 21202], Deng in Ding 1994:528 [ref. 21531], Yang & Chen 1995:115 [ref. 23555], Zhu 1995:183 [ref. 25213], Cheng & Zhou 1997:382 [ref. 26385]). •In Rhinogobius -- (Chen et al. 1999:45 [ref. 24092]). •Valid as Rhinogobius cliffordpopei (Nichols 1925) -- (Chen & Kottelat 2000:81 [ref. 24446], Tang et al. 2001:15 [ref. 25373], Kottelat 2013:424 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:202 [ref. 34477], Takahashi & Okazaki 2017:[3] [ref. 35171], Suzuki et al. 2017:80 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Valid as Rhinogobius cliffordpopei (Nichols 1925). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Hunan, Tyngting Lake, China. Habitat: freshwater.

clitellus, Callogobius McKinney [J. F.] & Lachner [E. A.] 1978:211, Fig. 5 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 91 (no. 1); ref. 8908] Bay in Krankett Island, Madang Harbor, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: USNM 209249. Paratypes: BPBM 9591 (1); USNM 99574 (1), 209252 (1), 211935 (1). •?Missing some information. •Valid as Callogobius clitellus McKiney & Lachner 1978 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:594 [ref. 31980], Delvinthal & Mooi 2013:155 [ref. 32677], Fricke et al. 2014:160 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Callogobius clitellus McKinney & Lachner 1978. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Vietnam, Philippines to Flores (Indonesia), Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Palau. Habitat: marine.

clitellus, Glossogobius Hoese [D. F.] & Allen [G. R.] 2012:280, Figs. 11-12 [Cybium v. 35 (no. 4) (for 2011); ref. 31974] Tekan River crossing west of Arigua plantation, Bougainville, 5°57'S, 155°20'E, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: WAM P.28164-005. Paratypes: BMNH 1983.8.2.10 (1), 1983.8.2.91 (1); CAS 53259 (3); USNM 133186 (2), 245214 (7); ZRC 50315 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Glossogobius clitellus Hoese & Allen 2012 (Kottelat 2013:407 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:166 [ref. 33932], Hoese & Allen 2015:214 [ref. 33880]). Current status: Valid as Glossogobius clitellus Hoese & Allen 2012. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Solomon Islands, New Guinea and Philippines. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cloatus, Ctenogobius Smith [J. L. B.] 1960:302, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 18; ref. 4126] Knysna, Cape Province, South Africa. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 274. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] (not researched). •Synonym of Nematogobius saldanha (Barnard 1927) -- (Maugé 1986:377 [ref. 6218]). •Synonym of Caffrogobius saldanha (Barnard 1927) -- (Hoese 1986:784 [ref. 5670], Miller 1990:927 [ref. 19376]). Current status: Synonym of Caffrogobius saldanha (Barnard 1927). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

coalitus, Gobius Bennett [E. T.] 1832:166 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 4944] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1856.2.15.20 [ex Zool. Soc.]. •Synonym of Bathygobius fuscus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Maugé 1986:360 [ref. 6218]). •Valid as Bathygobius coalitus (Bennett 1832) -- (Randall & Goren 1993:5 [ref. 21131], Randall et al. 1997:527 [ref. 25919], Fricke 1999:500 [ref. 24106], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3595 [ref. 26293], Allen & Adrim 2003:57 [ref. 26830], Heemstra et al. 2004:3328 [ref. 27945], Greenfield & Randall 2004:507 [ref. 28175], Randall 2005:520 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:471 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Larson 2006:1626 [ref. 29097], Randall 2007:395 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:99 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:204 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:960 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:401 [ref. 32989], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988], Koeda et al. 2016:89 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Bathygobius coalitus (Bennett 1832). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Marquesas Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

coatesi, Glossogobius Hoese [D. F.] & Allen [G. R.] 1990:118, Figs. 1, 2, 5a [Records of the Western Australian Museum Suppl. No. 34; ref. 19360] Ramu River, at Usema village, 5°42'S, 145°23'E, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: WAM P.29620-009. Paratypes: AMS I.27880-001 [ex WAM P.27487-002] (3); CAS 63337 (9, now 7); 69672 -73 [ex CAS 63337] (1, 1); WAM P.27847-009 (5), P.29617-001 (3), P.29620-006 (9). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:40 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:44 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Glossogobius coatesi Hoese & Allen 1990 -- (Allen & Coates 1990:108 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:181 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 1992:302 [ref. 21400], Hoese & Allen 2009:6 [ref. 29998], Hoese & Allen 2015:214 [ref. 33880]). Current status: Valid as Glossogobius coatesi Hoese & Allen 1990. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

cobalus, Lythrypnus Bussing [W. A.] 1990:102, Fig. 3 [Revista de Biología Tropical v. 38 (no. 1); ref. 19516] Isla del Coco off Isla Iglesias, Costa Rica, 5°33'N, 87°03'W, depth 30 meters. Holotype: LACM 32271-22. Paratypes: LACM 22448 (1), 32268-4 (3), 32271-21 (29); UCR 729-6 (2), 2106-2 (2), 2108-3 (1), 2109-6 (1), 2110-9 (11). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:377 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Lythrypnus cobalus Bussing 1990 -- (Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1135 [ref. 22829], Ahnelt & Bohacek 2004:47 [ref. 27751], Van Tassell 2011:141 [ref. 31732]). Current status: Valid as Lythrypnus cobalus Bussing 1990. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

cobitiformis, Gobius Kessler [K. F.] 1874:211 [21] [Trudy St.-Peterburgskogo Obscestva Estestvoispytatelej = Travaux de la Société des Naturalistes de St. Pétersbourg. v. 5; ref. 18397] Sevastopol and Kerch, Crimea, Ukraine. Syntypes: (up to 20) ZIN 2167 (1). •Synonym of Pomatoschistus minutus (Pallas 1770) -- (Miller 1973:506 [ref. 6888], Kottelat 1997:180 [ref. 22952], Vasil'eva 1998:144 [ref. 23591], Vasil'eva 2003:S52 [ref. 28444], Parin et al. 2014:496 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Pomatoschistus minutus (Pallas 1770). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cobitis, Gobius Pallas [P. S.] 1814:160 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Feodosiya [Feodosia], Crimea, Ukraine, Black Sea. No types known. •Valid as Gobius cobitis Pallas 1814 -- (Miller 1973:485 [ref. 6888], Goren 1979:43 [ref. 1852], Dor 1984:247 [ref. 29757], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1038 [ref. 13677], Maugé 1986:372 [ref. 6218], Miller 1990:934 [ref. 19376], Goren & Dor 1994:64 [ref. 25356], Kottelat 1997:176 [ref. 22952], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:131 [ref. 26753], Vasil'eva 2003:S44 [ref. 28444], Fricke et al. 2007:103 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:551 [ref. 29996], Vasil'eva 2007:154 [ref. 30517], Kovačić & Golani 2008:419 [ref. 33214], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:186 [ref. 31737], Parin et al. 2015:481 [ref. 33547], Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2840 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Gobius cobitis Pallas 1814. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: southern England to Morocco; Red Sea (Gulf of Suez) (Mediterranean Sea immigrant). Habitat: brackish, marine.

cocoensis, Cotylopus Heller [E.] & Snodgrass [R. E.] 1903:211, Pl. 11 [Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Science. v. 5; ref. 2089] Cocos Island, eastern Pacific. Holotype: CAS-SU 6347. Paratypes: CAS-SU 7063 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:109 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Sicydium cocoensis (Heller & Snodgrass 1903) -- (Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1135 [ref. 22829], Bussing 1996:824 [ref. 22890], Van Tassell 2011:145 [ref. 31732], de Lucena et al.2013:143 [ref. 32517], Angulo et al. 2013:1009 [ref. 33194]). Current status: Valid as Sicydium cocoensis (Heller & Snodgrass 1903). Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Cocos Island [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cocosensis, Gobius Bleeker [P.] 1854:47 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 16938] Indonesia [original locality was Nova Selma, Cocos Island/Cocos-Keeling Islands, eastern Indian Ocean]. Neotype: RMNH 4533. Unique holotype from Cocos-Keeling Is. apparently lost; neotype selected by Akihito & Meguro 1980:225 [ref. 6920]. •Valid as Bathygobius cocosensis (Bleeker 1854) -- (Akihito & Meguro 1980:225 [ref. 6920], Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:272 [ref. 6441], Hoese 1986:781 [ref. 5670], Allen & Swainston 1988:134 [ref. 25477], Miller & Smith 1989:315 [ref. 25535], Randall et al. 1990:395 [ref. 15987], Randall & Goren 1993:5 [ref. 21131], Allen 1997:216 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:395 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:245 [ref. 23965], Chu 1999:70 [ref. 24097], Randall 1999:26 [ref. 25829], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:635 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1220 [ref. 25182], Randall & Earle 2000:19 [ref. 25806], Sakai et al. 2001:109 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3595 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1221 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:57 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:643 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:26 [ref. 27624], Tan & Lim 2004:110 [ref. 27716], Adrim et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3328 [ref. 27945], Greenfield & Randall 2004:508 [ref. 28175], Randall 2005:520 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:472 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Larson 2006:1627 [ref. 29097], Randall 2007:395 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:99 [ref. 30213], Shibukawa 2009:264 [ref. 30449], Motomura et al. 2010:205 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:960 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:191 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:401 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:159 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988]). Current status: Valid as Bathygobius cocosensis (Bleeker 1854). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Pitcairn, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Rapa. Habitat: marine.

coecula, Cepola Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:241, Pl. 54 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Tranquebar [Tharangambadi], India. Holotype: ZMB (lost). See Murdy & Randall 2002:3 [ref. 26391]. •Synonym of Taenioides anguillaris (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Kottelat 2013:434 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Taenioides anguillaris (Linnaeus 1758). Gobiidae: Amblyopinae.

coecus, Taenioides Weber [M.] 1913:486 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Bima Bay, Sumbawa Island, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia, Siboga station 47, depth 50 meters and 30 meters. Syntypes: ZMA 109813 (1), 109843 (3). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:104 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Brachyamblyopus coecus (Weber 1913) -- (Allen & Swainston 1988:138 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:222 [ref. 23977]). •Valid as Caragobius coecus (Weber 1913) -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3593 [ref. 26293], Proudlove 2006:269 [ref. 28992]). •Synonym of Karsten totoyensis (Garman 1903) -- (Murdy 2002:788 [ref. 26225]) Current status: Synonym of Karsten totoyensis (Garman 1903). Gobiidae: Amblyopinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

coelidotes, Gobius Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Weber 1913:480 [Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition; ref. 4602] Not available, manuscript name mentioned in synonymy of Callogobius hasselti (Bleeker 1851); from Java. Gobiidae.

coelidotus, Gobius (Oxyurichthys) Sauvage [H.-E.] (ex Cuvier & Valenciennes) 1880:50 [11] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3887] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-2968. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:29 [ref. 19958]. On p. 11 of separate. •Valid as Callogobius coelidotus (Sauvage 1880) -- (Delventhal & Mooi 2013:156 [ref. 32677]). •Synonym of Callogobius hasseltii (Bleeker 1851) -- (Kottelat 2013:404 [ref. 32989], Pezold & Larson 2015:5 [ref. 33894]). Current status: Synonym of Callogobius hasseltii (Bleeker 1851). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indonesia (if valid). Habitat: marine.

coerulea, Pleurosicya Larson [H. K.] 1990:20, Fig. 16 [The Beagle, Records of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 16607] Japtan Island, Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands. Holotype: NTM S.12658-001. Paratypes: AMS I.18045-033 (16), I.20757-073 (2), I.21318-058 (3); ANSP 165112 (23); CAS 36853 (3); NTM S.12298-001 (2), S.12657-001 (15), S.12658-002 (4); ROM 58022-23 (6, 9); URM P.7518 (2), P.11549 (4); USNM 209600 (27), 306883 (1), 306884 (13); WAM P.28025-044 (36), P.29048-007 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:40 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:45 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Pleurosicya coerulea Larson 1990 -- (Myers 1999:258 [ref. 23965], Ikeda et al. 1999:23 [ref. 24155], Nakabo 2000:1217 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3599 [ref. 26293], Randall et al. 2002:161 [ref. 26192], Nakabo 2002:1217 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:60 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:645 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:28 [ref. 27624], Greenfield & Randall 2004:537 [ref. 28175], Randall 2005:546 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Larson 2006:1675 [ref. 29097], Allen & Erdmann 2012:905 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Pleurosicya coerulea Larson 1990. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles to Gilbert Islands, Australia to Ryukyu Islands, East Indian region. Habitat: marine.

colini, Elacatinus Randall [J. E.] & Lobel [P. S.] 2009:5, Figs. 2-7 [Zootaxa No. 2133; ref. 30249] Wee WeE Cay, off main dock, 16°45.860'N, 88°8.631'W, Belize, depth 5 meters. Holotype: USNM 395063. Paratypes: ANSP 189240 (4); BPBM 37442 (1); MNHN 2009-0091 (2); SIO 08-180 (1); UF 173046 (1); USNM 347301 (1), 347401 (1), 365031 (4), 394964 (1). •Valid as Elacatinus colini Randall & Lobel 2009 -- (Colin 2010:38, 47 [ref. 30879], Van Tassell 2011:152 [ref. 31732], Lobel & Lobel 2011:49 [ref. 31774]). Current status: Valid as Elacatinus colini Randall & Lobel 2009. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Belize and Bay of Islands, Honduras. Habitat: marine.

colini, Tryssogobius Larson [H. K.] & Hoese [D. F.] 2001:29, Figs. 1-6 [The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory v. 17; ref. 25837] Loloata Island, near Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea, depth 27 meters. Holotype: NTM S.12561-001. Paratypes: AMS I.38428-001 (1); BPBM 29281 (4), 32504 (1), 34063 (1), 34220 (1), 36936 (2), 37676 (1), 37696 (1); KPM-NI004151 (1); NTM S.12561-002 (1), S.13169-003 (6); OMNH P-8100 (1); WAM P.27826-094 (1). Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:46 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Tryssogobius colini Larson & Hoese 2001 -- (Nakabo 2002:1250 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:60 [ref. 26830], Randall 2006:107 [ref. 28873], Larson & Chen 2007:155 [ref. 29120], Allen & Erdmann 2012:950 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Tryssogobius colini Larson & Hoese 2001. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

collonianus, Gobius Risso [A.] 1820:252 [Journal de Physique, de Chimie et d'Histoire Naturelle v. 91; ref. 18636] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:55 [ref. 19958]. Spelled colonianus in Risso 1827:285 [ref. 3735]. •Valid as Deltentosteus colonianus [sic] (Risso 1820) -- (Miller 1973:495 [ref. 6888], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1032 [ref. 13677], and Golani 1996:28 [ref. 22271] and dated to 1826 [1827], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:130 [ref. 26753] as collonianus, Fricke et al. 2007:102 [ref. 29533], Kovačić & Golani 2008:419 [ref. 33214], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:185 [ref. 31737] as colonianus [sic]). Current status: Valid as Deltentosteus collonianus (Risso 1820). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, including adjacent coast of southwestern Portugal (eastern Atlantic). Habitat: marine.

coloniamus, Gobius Navarrete [A.] 1898:108, 158 [Manual de ictiología marina; ref. 18474] No types known. Unneeded new name for and objective synonym of Gobius filamentosus Risso 1827. Original as Gobius coloniamus (Mor.). •Questionably a synonym of Gobius ophiocephalus Pallas 1814. Current status: Synonym of Gobius ophiocephalus Pallas 1814. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cometa, Eviota Jewett [S. L.] & Lachner [E. A.] 1983:796, Figs. 8-9 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 96 (no. 4); ref. 5368] Totoya Island, Fiji Islands, 18°58'57"S, 179°52'12"W, depth 30 meters. Holotype: USNM 235817. Paratypes: AMS I.24027-001 (1); ANSP 151996 (2); CAS 52831 (2); USNM 235832 (8), 235863 (1), 260328 (1). •Valid as Eviota cometa Jewett & Lachner 1983 -- (Shimada & Yoshino 1992:3 [ref. 24310], Myers 1999:253 [ref. 23965], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:637 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1181 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3596 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1181 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:58 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:644 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:27 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:530 [ref. 28239], Randall et al. 2005:129 [ref. 28745], Hoese & Larson 2006:1643 [ref. 29097], Randall 2008:298 [ref. 29721], Greenfield & Suzuki 2011:66 [ref. 31244], Greenfield & Jewett 2011:56 [ref. 31687], Allen & Erdmann 2012:913 [ref. 31980], Greenfield & Randall 2016:30, 36 [ref. 34356], Tornabene et al. 2016:1826 [ref. 34439], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:59 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota cometa Jewett & Lachner 1983. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

cometes, Gobius Alcock [A. W.] 1890:208, Pl. 8 (fig. 2) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 6 (no. 33) (art. 26); ref. 82] Off Madras coast, India, 18°30'N, 84°46'E, Investigator station 96, depth 98-102 fathoms. Syntypes: (about 350) BMNH 1890.11.28.13-17 [ex ZSI F12730] (5), MNHN 1890-0327 to 0334 (1 ea. = 8), ZMA 114487 (1), ZSI F12729 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:153 [ref. 20743], Menon and Rama-Rao 1970:377 [ref. 27516], Menon & Rama-Rao 1975:42 [ref. 22148], Bauchot et al. 1991:29 [ref. 19958]. Figured in Alcock 1898: Pl. 20 (fig. 3) [ref. 20534]. •Valid as Obliquogobius cometes (Alcock 1890) -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3598 [ref. 26293], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S119 [ref. 27377], Shibukawa & Aonuma 2007:138 [ref. 29107], Chen et al. 2012:269 [ref. 32041]). Current status: Valid as Obliquogobius cometes (Alcock 1890). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean; western Pacific: India east to East China Sea, Japan and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

comma, Gobionellus Gilbert [C. R.] & Randall [J. E.] 1979:35, Fig. 2 [Northeast Gulf Science v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 6929] Off point near northwestern end of Cubagua Island, Margarita Islands, Venezuela, depth 48 feet. Holotype: ANSP 109181. Paratypes: LACM 20634-35 (1, 1); MOBR-EDIMAR-P-1886 (1); UF 12793 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:105 [ref. 13621], Lasso et al. 1999:111 [ref. 33859]. •Valid as Gobionellus comma Gilbert & Randall 1979 -- (Cervigón 1994:177 [ref. 24488], Marín 2000:78 [ref. 26252], Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2005:193 [ref. 28938]). •Synonym of Ctenogobius saepepallens (Gilbert & Randall 1968) -- (Pezold 2004:273 [ref. 27685], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:77 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Synonym of Ctenogobius saepepallens (Gilbert & Randall 1968). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Venezuela [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

commersoni, Gobius Schneider [J. G.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:548 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Southern Ocean, at river mouths [is Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean]. New name for Gobius niger Lacepède 1800. •Valid as Awaous commersoni (Schneider 1801) -- (Fricke 1999:499 [ref. 24106], Heemstra et al. 2004:3328 [ref. 27945], Fricke et al. 2009:99 [ref. 30213]). Current status: Valid as Awaous commersoni (Schneider 1801). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Southwestern Indian Ocean: Réunion, Mauritius and Rodrigues (Mascarenes). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

commersonii, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:136 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:55 [ref. 19958] as no types at MNHN. Replacement name for Gobius niger Lacepède 1800; but objectively invalid because it is itself preoccupied by Gobius commersoni Schlegel 1801. •Treated as valid as Gobius commersonii Valenciennes 1837 -- (Maugé 1986:374 [ref. 6218]). •Synonym of Awaous commersoni (Schneider 1801) -- (Fricke 1999:499 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Awaous commersoni (Schneider 1801). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: brackish.

communis, Bollmannia Ginsburg [I.] 1942:364 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 32 (no. 12); ref. 13203] Gulf of Mexico, 28°59'N, 89°29'W, depth 10 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 119873. Paratypes: YPM 3922 (1), 3988-92 (8, 15, 2, 3, 1); USNM 119879-84 (1 ea.) 119885-93 (6, 3, 5, 1, 2, 1, 5, 7, 7). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:12 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Bollmannia communis Ginsburg 1942 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:253 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:162 [ref. 23239], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:447 [ref. 24550], Rüber et al. 2003:1596 [ref. 26969], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1793 [ref. 27111], Ross & Rhode 2004:303 [ref. 27789], Nelson et al. 2004:169 [ref. 27807], Dennis et al. 2004:81 [ref. 31601], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:674 [ref. 28815], Van Tassell 2011:167 [ref. 31732], Van Tassell et al. 2012:77 [ref. 31948], Page et al. 2013:175 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Bollmannia communis Ginsburg 1942. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

compita, Priolepis Winterbottom [R.] 1985:748, Figs. 1, 2, 4 [Canadian Journal of Zoology v. 63 (no. 4); ref. 8123] Salomon Atoll, Chagos Archipelago, Indian Ocean, ca. 5°20'S 72°16'E. Holotype: ROM 40241. Paratypes: AMS I.22909-10 (1, 2); ROM 40242 (11), 40243-51 (9), ROM 512CS (2, c&s). •Valid as Priolepis compita Winterbottom 1985 -- (Winterbottom & Burridge 1993:499 [ref. 20895], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:xiii [ref. 21953], Randall & Earle 2000:20 [ref. 25806], Larson & Murdy 2001:3599 [ref. 26293], Allen & Adrim 2003:60 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:28 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3329 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:548 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Larson 2006:1678 [ref. 29097], Allen & Erdmann 2012:928 [ref. 31980], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988], Bogorodsky et al. 2016:175 [ref. 34658]). Current status: Valid as Priolepis compita Winterbottom 1985. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, East Africa, Chagos Archipelago, Indonesia, Marquesas Islands, Australia and Fiji. Habitat: marine.

compta, Grallenia Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2017:22, Figs. 1-2, 3A, 4, 5A [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 27; ref. 35533] Papua New Guinea, Milne Bay Province, patch reef off Sideia Island, 10°35.772’S, 150°46.005’E, depth 14 meters. Holotype: WAM P.34656-001. Paratypes: USNM, WAM. •Valid as Grallenia compta Allen & Erdmann 2017. Current status: Valid as Grallenia compta Allen & Erdmann 2017. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

concavifrons, Gobius Ramsay [E. P.] & Ogilby [J. D.] 1886:12 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (Series 2) v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 14464] Strickland River, Papua New Guinea. Holotype (unique): AMS B.9950. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:163 [ref. 2676]. •Valid as Glossogobius concavifrons (Ramsay & Ogilby 1886) -- (Allen 1991:181 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 2000:122 [ref. 27467] dated 1887, Unmack 2001:1064 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:267 [ref. 25930], Hoese & Larson 2006:1653 [ref. 29097], Allen et al. 2008:167 [ref. 30265], Hoese & Allen 2009:2 [ref. 29998], Hoese & Allen 2012:269 [ref. 31974], Larson et al. 2013:198 [ref. 32988], Hoese & Allen 2015:214 [ref. 33880], Pusey et al. 2017:73 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Glossogobius concavifrons (Ramsay & Ogilby 1886). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Australia and New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

concolor, Gobius De Vis [C. W.] 1884:689 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 17383] Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): QM I.86. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:174 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Exyrias puntang (Bleeker 1851) -- (Murdy 1985:10 [ref. 19200], Hoese & Larson 2006:1649 [ref. 29097], Kottelat 2013:407 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Exyrias puntang (Bleeker 1851). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

concolor, Sicyogaster Gill [T. N.] 1860:102 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 12; ref. 1764] Freshwater streams, Hilo, Hawaii, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): apparently lost. •Valid as Lentipes concolor (Gill 1860) -- (Nishimoto & Fitzsimons 1986:811 [ref. 6319], Maugé et al. 1992:215 [ref. 19910], Higashi & Yamamoto 1993:115 [ref. 20967], Zink et al. 1996:331 [ref. 22396], Allen 1997:39 [ref. 22875], Nishimoto & Fitzsimons 1999:815 [ref. 23947], Watson & Allen 1999:117 [ref. 24140], Allen 2001:123 [ref. 25303], Watson et al. 2001:41 [ref. 25349], Watson et al. 2002:176 [ref. 26364], McDowall 2003:705 [ref. 26832], Greenfield & Randall 2004:498 [ref. 28175], Benbow et al. 2004:129 [ref. 28266], Mundy 2005:477 [ref. 28379]. Lynch et al. 2013:172 [ref. 32779], Keith et al. 2015:50 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Lentipes concolor (Gill 1860). Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

condotense, Sicydium Regan [C. T.] 1914:33 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 14 (no. 79); ref. 14172] Río Condoto, southwestern Colombia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1914.5.18.109. •Valid as Sicydium condotense Regan 1914 -- (Lucena et al. 2013:144 [ref. 32517]). Current status: Valid as Sicydium condotense Regan 1914. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Colombia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

confluentus, Pseudapocryptes Roberts [T. R.] 1978:68, Fig. 39 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 281; ref. 8886] Mainstream of Lower Fly at Madiri, 8°27.2'S, 143°03.5'E, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: AMS I.21481-002 [es USNM 217306]. Paratypes: AMS I.21482-001 [ex USNM 217306/USNM 217952] (2); BMNH (2); KFRS F.4512.01 [ex USNM 217306] (3); USNM 217305 (1), 217306 (orig. 24, now 17, 2 c&s). •Valid as Zappa confluentus (Roberts 1978) -- (Murdy 1989:54 [ref. 13628], Allen 1991:201 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 1992:303 [ref. 21400], Allen et al. 2008:182 [ref. 30265], Murdy 2011:104 [ref. 31728]). Current status: Valid as Zappa confluentus (Roberts 1978). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Distribution: New Guinea (Papua Barat Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

congoensis, Gobius Sauvage [H.-E.] 1884:205 [7] [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 9; ref. 21731] Majumpa, Congo. Syntypes: MNHN 1884-0026 to 0030 (5). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:29 [ref. 19958]. On p. 7 of separate. •Questionably a synonym of Bathygobius casamancus (Rochebrune 1880) -- (Maugé 1986:360 [ref. 6218], Miller 1990:925 [ref. 19376]). •Synonym of Bathygobius casamancus (Rochebrune 1880) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). Current status: Synonym of Bathygobius casamancus (Rochebrune 1880). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

connectens, Lethops Hubbs [C. L.] 1926:5, Pl. 1 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 169; ref. 2234] Carmel Bay, California, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 63281. Paratypes: UMMZ 63282 (2). •Valid as Lethops connectens Hubbs 1926 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:263 [ref. 9277], Nelson et al. 2004:172 [ref. 27807], Proudlove 2006:269 [ref. 28992], Van Tassell 2011:144 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:177 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Lethops connectens Hubbs 1926. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

constructor, Gobius Nordmann [A. von] 1840:427, Pl. 9 (fig. 2) [Voyage dans la Russie méridionale et la Crimée; ref. 3209] Black Sea, rapid torrents in Abasie, Drandarium, Ghouriel. Syntypes: ?MNHN A-1196 (1) from Abasie, ZMB 2096 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:29 [ref. 19958] as Gobius constructor. •Synonym of Neogobius cephalarges (Pallas 1814), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1949:1087 [ref. 20662]). •Synonym of Neogobius platyrostris (Pallas 1814), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Pinchuk 1977:590 [ref. 8999], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:756 [ref. 24702], Vasil'eva 1998:142 [ref. 23591]). •Synonym of Gobius constructor Nordmann 1840, but a valid subspecies -- (Michajlova 1989:25 [ref. 20062]). •In part a synonym of Neogobius rhodioni Vasil'eva & Vasil'ev 1994 -- (Vasil'eva 1998:142 [ref. 23591]). •See also Coad 1995:31 [ref. 23608]. •Synonym of Neogobius rhodioni Vasil'eva & Vasil'ev 1994 -- (Vasil'eva & Vasil'ev 2003:370 [ref. 27347]). •Valid as Neogobius constructor (Nordmann 1840) -- (Vasil'eva & Vasil'ev 1994:747 [ref. 22082], Vasil'eva & Vasil'ev 2003:193 [ref. 27347], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:229 [ref. 28183], Kovačić & Engín 2008:79 [ref. 29624], Fricke et al. 2007:105 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:577 [ref. 29996], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:172 [ref. 31251]). •Valid as Poticola constructor (Nordmann 1840) -- (Neilson & Stepien 2009:97 [ref. 30487], Freyhof 2011:286 [ref. 31742], Stepien & Neilson 2013:2 [ref. 35325], Çiçek et al. 2015:152 [ref. 35151], Vasil'eva et al. 2016:9 [ref. 34347]). Current status: Valid as Ponticola constructor (Nordmann 1840). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Black Sea basin. Habitat: freshwater.

contractus, Chonophorus Poey [F.] 1861:424 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Holotype (?): MCZ 31220. Types (?): MCZ 13247 (1), 13260 (1); ZMB 5963 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:215 [ref. 22926] with MCZ 31220 as holotype. •Synonym of Awaous banana (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Watson 1996:3 [ref. 22211], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:658 [ref. 27061], Lasso-Alcalá & Lasso 2008:126 [ref. 30588]). Current status: Synonym of Awaous banana (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

convictor, Evermannichthys Böhlke [J. E.] & Robins [C. R.] 1969:11, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 121 (no. 1); ref. 7800] West of Green Cay, Great Bahama Bank, Bahamas, depth 45 feet. Holotype: ANSP 111862. Paratypes: ANSP 111863 (2), 111864 (1, c&s). Additional material: ANSP 110893-94 (1, 1), 111376 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:105 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Evermannichthys convictor Böhlke & Robins 1969 -- (Gilbert & Burgess 1986:160 [ref. 5949], Thacker 2001:3 [ref. 25217], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1793 [ref. 27111], Van Tassell 2011:153 [ref. 31732]). Current status: Valid as Evermannichthys convictor Böhlke & Robins 1969. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas. Habitat: marine.

corallinus, Rhinogobius Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:400, Fig. 89 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Pago Pago, American Samoa. Holotype (unique): USNM 51780. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:125 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Bathygobius cocosensis (Bleeker 1854) -- (Kottelat 2013:401 [ref. 32989], Suzuki et al. 2017:80 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Synonym of Bathygobius cocosensis (Bleeker 1854). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

corallinus, Thalassogobius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1953:183 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 82 (no. 2); ref. 2143] Arji Island, Bikini Atoll, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 202526. Paratypes: (1) ?UW [whereabouts unknown]. Species as corralinus in main heading on p. 183 regarded as a misspelling (as corallinus in 2 other places). •Synonym of Fusigobius neophytus (Günther 1877) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). •Synonym of Coryphopterus neophytus (Günther 1877). Current status: Synonym of Coryphopterus neophytus (Günther 1877). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

corallinus, Zonogobius Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:209, Fig. 29 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 13; ref. 4122] Baixo Pinda, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 179. The gender of the genus is neuter; species apparently should be corallinum. •Valid as Trimma corallina (Smith 1959) -- (Hoese 1986:805 [ref. 5670], Hagiwara & Winterbottom 2007:164 [ref. 29103] as corallina, Winterbottom & Southcott 2007:75 [ref. 29375] as corallinum, Winterbottom & Hoese 2015:19, 93 [ref. 33709]). Current status: Valid as Trimma corallinum (Smith 1959). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

coreanus, Tridentiger Regan [C. T.] 1908:63, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1908 (pt 1) (art. 3) (for 4 Feb. 1908); ref. 14334] Chong-ju, Kin River, South Korea. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1907.12.30.34-41 (1 of 8). Additional material: BMNH 1907.12.30.34-41 (7 of 8). •Synonym of Tridentiger obscurus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Berg 1949:1103 [ref. 20662], Vasil'eva 1998:147 [ref. 23591]). Current status: Synonym of Tridentiger obscurus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

corerefum, Trimma Winterbottom [R.] 2016:36, Figs. 24-27 [Zootaxa 4144 (no. 1); ref. 34613] Uchelbeluu Reef (aka the Short Drop-off), SE of Koror Island, 07°16'28.7"N, 134°31'32.1"E, depth 13.7-25.9 meters. Holotype: ROM 100151. Paratypes: ROM. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Trimma corerefum Winterbottom 2016 -- (Viviani et al. 2016:4 [ref. 34831], Winterbottom 2017:568 [ref. 35329]). Current status: Valid as Trimma corerefum Winterbottom 2016. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Palau, Sulawesi and Philippines. Habitat: marine.

corlettei, Gnatholepis Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:418 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] Bushman Bay, Malekula Island, Vanuatu. Holotype: FMNH 17367. Paratypes: (11) FMNH 17368-72 (1, 1, 0, 1, 0); CAS-SU 24435 (4); USNM 117320-21 [ex FMNH] (1, 1). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:138 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:112 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:40 [ref. 12367]. Kottelat (2013) references inland records. •Synonym of Gnatholepis anjerensis (Bleeker 1851) -- (Randall & Greenfield 2001:3 [ref. 25675], Greenfield & Randall 2004:524 [ref. 28175], Randall & Greenfield 2007:304 [ref. 29292], Kottelat 2013:409 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Gnatholepis ophthalmotaenis (Bleeker 1854) -- (Larson & Buckle 2012:5 [ref. 32272]). Current status: Synonym of Gnatholepis ophthalmotaenis (Bleeker 1854). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: marine.

corneliae, Eviota Fricke [R.] 1998:2, Fig. 1 [Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie). No. 577; ref. 23756] Cap Wabao, 150 meters north-northeast of cape, Maré Island, Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia, 21°35'45"S, 167°50'06"E, depth 2.8-3.8 meters. Holotype: SMNS 19870. Paratypes: SMNS 19895 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 2005:39 [ref. 29864]. •Synonym of Trimmatom eviotops (Schultz 1943) -- (Gill & Jewett 2004:236 [ref. 27775] on Winterbottom advice, Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:352 [ref. 28867]). Current status: Synonym of Trimmatom eviotops (Schultz 1943). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

cornutus, Oxyurichthys McCulloch [A. R.] & Waite [E. R.] 1918:80, Pl. 8 (fig. 2) [Records of the South Australian Museum (Adelaide) v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 15100] Cairns, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): SAMA F592. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:173 [ref. 2676]. •Valid as Oxyurichthys cornutus McCulloch & Waite 1918 -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3601 [ref. 26293], Allen & Adrim 2003:59 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:188 [ref. 27510], Randall 2005:543 [ref. 28239], Randall 2005:543 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Larson 2006:1669 [ref. 29097], Shao et al. 2008:262 [ref. 29952], Motomura et al. 2010:215 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2014:169 [ref. 33932], Pezold & Larson 2015:5, 24 [ref. 33894]). Current status: Valid as Oxyurichthys cornutus McCulloch & Waite 1918. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia and New Guinea, east to Fiji and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

coryphaenula, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:131 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: MNHN 0000-3097 [or A-1376]. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:30 [ref. 19958] as coryphoenula. •Synonym of Gobiodon rivulatus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Maugé 1986:370 [ref. 6218]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiodon rivulatus (Rüppell 1830). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cosmurus, Clariger Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1901:121, Fig. 27 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 24 (no. 1244); ref. 2509] Misaki, Kanagawa Prefecture, Sagami Sea, Japan. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 6461. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:144 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:109 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Clariger cosmurus Jordan & Snyder 1901 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:397 [ref. 7348], Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:281 [ref. 6441], Shiogaki 1988:132 [ref. 6854], Nakabo 2000:1166 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2000:182 [ref. 25987], Nakabo 2002:1166 [ref. 26193], Jang-Liaw et al. 2012:14 [ref. 32010]). Current status: Valid as Clariger cosmurus Jordan & Snyder 1901. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

costalesi, Smaragdus Poey [F.] 1860:280 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Havana, Cuba. Holotype (unique): MCZ 13109. Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:214 [ref. 22926]. •Synonym of Evorthodus lyricus (Girard 1858) -- (Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:661 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Evorthodus lyricus (Girard 1858). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cotticeps, Gobius Steindachner [F.] 1879:137 [19], Pl. 1 (figs. 2-2a) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 80 (nos 1-2); ref. 4229] Society Islands [French Polynesia, South Pacific]. Holotype (unique): NMW 30439. On p. 19 of separate. •Valid as Bathygobius cotticeps (Steindachner 1879) -- (Akihito & Meguro 1980:229 [ref. 6920], Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:273 [ref. 6441], Hoese 1986:781 [ref. 5670], Miller & Smith 1989:315 [ref. 25535], Randall et al. 1997:527 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:245 [ref. 23965], Chu 1999:70 [ref. 24097], Fricke 1999:501 [ref. 24106], Randall 1999:26 [ref. 25829], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:635 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1219 [ref. 25182], Randall & Earle 2000:19 [ref. 25806], Larson & Murdy 2001:3595 [ref. 26293] dated 1880, Miller & Stefanni 2001:151 [ref. 26034], Nakabo 2002:1219 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:57 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:643 [ref. 27495] dated 1880, Randall et al. 2004:26 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3328 [ref. 27945], Greenfield & Randall 2004:510 [ref. 28175], Randall 2005:520 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:472 [ref. 28379], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:349 [ref. 28867], Hoese & Larson 2006:1627 [ref. 29097] dated 1880 and wrong reference, Randall 2007:396 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:99 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:205 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:961 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:269 [ref. 32706], Kottelat 2013:401 [ref. 32989], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988] dated 1880). Current status: Valid as Bathygobius cotticeps (Steindachner 1879). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Mozambique Channel, Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

couchi, Gobius Miller [P. J.] & El-Tawil [M. Y.] 1974:546, Fig. 2 [Journal of Zoology (London) v. 174 (no. 4); ref. 7520] Helford, Cornwall, English Channel, England. Holotype: BMNH 1974.2.8.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1974.2.8.2-11 (10). •Valid as Gobius couchi Miller & El-Tawil 1974 -- (Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1039 [ref. 13677], Herler et al. 2005:1044 [ref. 28118], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:186 [ref. 31737], Kovačić et al. 2011:247 [ref. 32868], Kovačić et al. 2012:439 [ref. 32861], Kovačić et al. 2014:234 [ref. 33190], Kovačić & Šanda 2016:1121 [ref. 34173]). Current status: Valid as Gobius couchi Miller & El-Tawil 1974. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: British Isles to Bay of Biscay, Mediterranean Sea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

crassa, Vaimosa Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1945:403 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 35 (no. 12); ref. 2141] A brook near Un Long, New Territory, Hong Kong. Holotype: CAS-SU 39848. Paratypes: CAS-SU 39849 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:118 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Hemigobius hoevenii (Bleeker 1851) -- (Larson 1999:25 [ref. 24498], Larson 2001:73 [ref. 25522], Kottelat 2013:410 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hemigobius hoevenii (Bleeker 1851). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

crassiceps, Mapo Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:403, Fig. 92 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Apia, Upolu Island, Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51777 (1 of 5). Paratypes: CAS-SU 8706 (1), USNM 51777 (4 of 5). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:125 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:115 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Bathygobius crassiceps (Jordan & Seale 1906) -- (Shao et al. 2008:261 [ref. 29952]). •Synonym of Bathygobius cyclopterus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Akihito & Meguro 1980:228 [ref. 6920], Randall 2005:520 [ref. 28239], Kottelat 2013:401 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Bathygobius cyclopterus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

crassilabris, Gobius Günther [A.] 1861:63 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Oualan [Kosrae], Caroline Islands, western Pacific; Aneiteum, Vanuatu, southwestern Pacific. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1856.9.4.84, BMNH 1860.7.18.70 (1) •Synonym of Awaous guamensis (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Watson 1992:171 [ref. 20016], Mundy 2005:471 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Awaous guamensis (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

crassus, Callogobius McKinney [J. F.] & Lachner [E. A.] 1984:627, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 97 (no. 3); ref. 21192] Southern tip of Massas Island, Papua-New Guinea, 5°10'18"S, 145°51'24"E, depth 0-18 meters. Holotype: USNM 220088. Paratypes: AMNH 51499 (3); BPBM 18535 (1); USNM 210005 (1), 220086-87 (1, 1). •Valid as Callogobius crassus McKinney & Lachner 1984 -- (Goren et al. 1991:299 [ref. 19765], Chen & Shao 2000:459 [ref. 24425], Nakabo 2000:1168 [ref. 25182], Larson & Murdy 2001:3595 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1168 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:57 [ref. 26830], Dimara et al. 2010:621 [ref. 31108], Allen & Erdmann 2012:964 [ref. 31980], Delventhal & Mooi 2013:156 [ref. 32677], Delventhal & Mooi 2014:146 [ref. 33337]). Current status: Valid as Callogobius crassus McKinney & Lachner 1984. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and to Society Islands. Habitat: marine.

crassus, Sicyopterus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:307, Pl. 24 (fig. 2) [Monographs, Bureau of Science Manila Monogr. 23; ref. 2104] Craan River, southern coast of Cotabato Province, Mindanao, Philippines. Syntypes: BSMP 10619 and 26974-77 (5) destroyed, seen by Koumans. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:193 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Sicyopterus cynocephalus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:427 [ref. 32989], Keith et al. 2015:86 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Synonym of Sicyopterus cynocephalus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Philippines (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

crenilabrum, Sicydium Harrison [I. J.] 1993:207, Figs. 3-4 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 22083] Tabou River at Yaka, Ivory Coast, Africa, 4°28'N, 7°23'W. Holotype: MNHN 1992-1234. Paratypes: BMNH 1908.5.30.190-91 (2), 1989.1.6.35 (1); MNHN 1987-0703 (4, 1 c&s), 1992-1413 (1); MRAC 75-56-P-1934 (1), 86-13-P-717 (1), 86-13-P-718-723 (6), 90-57-P-2435-2437 (3), 173336-38 (3). •Valid as Sicydium crenilabrum Harrison 1993 -- (Pezold et al. 2006:976 [ref. 28916], Harrison et al. 2007:507 [ref. 30083], Schliewen 2011:212 [ref. 31738], Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2842 [ref. 34618], Pezold et al. 2016:107 [ref. 34870]). Current status: Valid as Sicydium crenilabrum Harrison 1993. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: West-central Africa [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

crescentalis, Gobiosoma Gilbert [C. H.] 1892:557 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 14 (no. 880); ref. 1626] Gulf of California (off Isla Espíritu Santo), Mexico [eastern Pacific], 24°22'15"N, 110°19'15"W, Albatross station 2825, depth 7 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 48258. •Valid as Gobulus crescentalis (Gilbert 1892) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:265 [ref. 22193], Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1135 [ref. 22829], Thomson et al. 2000:237 [ref. 25640], Hoese & Reader 2001:172 [ref. 26036], Nelson et al. 2004:172 [ref. 27807], Van Tassell 2011:154 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:177 [ref. 32708], Tornabene et al. 2016:13 [ref. 34435]). Current status: Valid as Gobulus crescentalis (Gilbert 1892). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Baja California and Gulf of California (Mexico) south to Panama. Habitat: marine.

criniger, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:82 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Dorey Harbor, New Guinea; Malabar, India. Syntypes: MNHN A-1348 (1, main specimen) Dorey Harbor, New Guinea; MNHN A-1350 (1) Malabar, India. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:30 [ref. 19958] as holotype and paratype. •Valid as Rhinogobius criniger (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Miller 1973:515 [ref. 6888]). •Synonym of Yongeichthys nebulosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:252 [ref. 29757], Maugé 1986:387 [ref. 6218], Hoese & Larson 2006:1697 [ref. 29097]). •Valid as Ctenogobius criniger (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Geevarghese & John 1982:660 [ref. 8476], Wu & Ni in Kuang et al. 1986:295 [ref. 26639] with authors as Cuvier & Valenciennes). •Valid as Yongeichthys criniger (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:254 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:571 [ref. 25598], Rema Devi 1993:173 [ref. 24020], Randall 1995:795 [ref. 22357], Takahashi & Okamoto 2000:6 [ref. 24464], Nakabo 2000:1205 [ref. 25182], Sakai et al. 2001:120 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:1205 [ref. 26193], Randall et al. 2004:29 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:559 [ref. 28239], Kottelat 2013:432 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Yongeichthys nebulosus (Forsskål 1775). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific [if valid]. Habitat: brackish, marine.

crinitus, Lythrypnus Ginsburg [I.] 1939:54 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 12362] 1/4 miles from White Rock, Cartage Bay, Isabela Island [Albemarle Island], Galápagos Islands, depth 32 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 107281. •Synonym of Lythrypnus dalli (Gilbert 1890) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:266 [ref. 22193], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:557 [ref. 24023], Thomson et al. 2000:247 [ref. 25640]). Current status: Synonym of Lythrypnus dalli (Gilbert 1890). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

cristagalli, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:130 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Havana, Cuba. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1403. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:30 [ref. 19958] as cristi galli. Originally as crista galli. •Synonym of Lophogobius cyprinoides (Pallas 1770) -- (Koumans 1937:xx [ref. 2675], Akihito & Meguro 2000:xxx [ref. 24803]). Current status: Synonym of Lophogobius cyprinoides (Pallas 1770). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cristatus, Euctenogobius Day [F.] 1873:109 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1873 (pt 1) (art. 4) (for 21 Jan. 1873); ref. 14185] Mumbai and Madras, India. Syntypes: (numerous) AMS B.8198 (1); BMNH 1889.2.1.3398-3407 (11); MNHN A-0014 (1) Mumbai; NMW 76911 (1); ZMB 1910 (1); ZSI 75 (1), 190-191 (2), A.222 (1, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762], Bauchot et al. 1991:23 [ref. 19958], Ferraris et al. 2000:296 [ref. 25110]. •Synonym of Oxyurichthys microlepis (Bleeker 1849) -- (Maugé 1986:378 [ref. 6218], Ataur Rahman 2003:326 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2013:415 [ref. 32989], Pezold & Larson 2015:5, 39 [ref. 33894]). Current status: Synonym of Oxyurichthys microlepis (Bleeker 1849). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cristatus, Gobius Macleay [W.] 1881:610 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2869] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16391-001 [ex MAMU F993] (10). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:158 [ref. 2676], Stanbury 1969:208 [ref. 19518]. Secondarily preoccupied by Euctenogobius cristatus Day 1873; replaced by Gobius gobioides Ogilby 1886. •Valid as Cryptocentroides cristatus (Macleay 1881) -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3596 [ref. 26293]). •Synonym of Cryptocentroides gobioides (Ogilby 1886) -- (Hoese & Larson 2006:1636 [ref. 29097]). Current status: Synonym of Cryptocentroides gobioides (Ogilby 1886). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cristatus, Oxyurichthys Seale [A.] 1914:39 [The Philippine Journal of Science, Section D v. 9 (no. 1); ref. 14174] Holotype: add. •Synonym of Oxyurichthys microlepis (Bleeker 1849) -- (Larson & Pezold 2016:172 [ref. 34151]). Current status: Synonym of Oxyurichthys microlepis (Bleeker 1849). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae.

cristulatus, Lophogobius Ginsburg [I.] 1939:52 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 12362] Pacific coast of Panama (probably on Farfan Beach near Balboa). Holotype (unique): USNM 107294. •Valid as Lophogobius cristulatus Ginsburg 1939 -- (Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1135 [ref. 22829], Thacker & Cole 2002:838 [ref. 26548], Van Tassell 2011:141, 144 [ref. 31732], Angulo et al. 2013:1009 [ref. 33194]). Current status: Valid as Lophogobius cristulatus Ginsburg 1939. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

crittersius, Lentipes Watson [R. E.] & Allen [G. R.] 1999:114, Fig. 1 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 3 (no. 3); ref. 24140] Aiyindor Creek, Biak Island, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MZB 9222. •Valid as Lentipes crittersius Watson & Allen 1999 -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3602 [ref. 26293], Watson et al. 2002:176 [ref. 26364], Watson & Kottelat 2006:121 [ref. 28766], Keith et al. 2015:54 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Lentipes crittersius Watson & Allen 1999. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Irian Jaya, Indonesia [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

croatica, Knipowitschia punctatissima Mrakovčić [M.], Kerovec [M.], Misetic [S.] & Schneider [D.] 1996:313, Figs. 1-2 [Conservation of endangered freshwater fish in Europe; ref. 22821] Freshwater spring, 43°10'N, 17°25'E, near bridge, Polje Jezero, Dalmatia, Croatia. Holotype: HZM 9 VRG. Paratypes: HZM, ZZSZ, NMW. Appeared first in program abstracts for participants in a symposium in 1994. Although the authors felt that constituted publication in 1994, Eschmeyer 1998 [ref. 23416] has interpreted these program abstracts, the purpose of which is for use by the participants, as not intended for the permanent scientific record and new taxa are unavailable; species dated to 1996. Since the authors date the taxon to 1994 with syntypes, they name a lectotype in 1996 -- which should be regarded as the holotype. •Valid as Knipowitschia croatica Mrakovčić, Kerovec, Misetic & Schneider 1996 -- (Kottelat 1997:177 [ref. 22952] dating to 1994, Miller in Miller 2004:363 [ref. 27853] dating to 1994, Kovačić & Sanda 2007:83 [ref. 29335], Zupančič 2008:69 [ref. 29926] dated to 1994, Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:569 [ref. 29996], Miller 2009:1506 [ref. 30234], Ćaleta et al. 2015:65 [ref. 34877]). Current status: Valid as Knipowitschia croatica Mrakovčić, Kerovec, Misetic & Schneider 1996. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. Habitat: freshwater.

crocatus, Cryptocentrus Wongratana [T.] 1975:8, Fig. 4; Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin No. 6; ref. 22942] Bangkok Fish Market (said to come from east coast of Gulf of Thailand). Holotype (unique): PMBC 4620 [ex Ph. 2094]. Type catalog: Nateewanthana 1990:71 [ref. 20165] as crocratus. •Valid as Cryptocentrus crocatus Wongratana 1975 -- (Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122]). •Valid as Myersina crocatus (Wongratana 1975) -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3598 [ref. 26293], Satapoomin & Winterbottom 2002:62 [ref. 26168], Winterbottom 2002:70 [ref. 25955], Hoese & Larson 2004:168 [ref. 28074], Shibukawa 2009:280 [ref. 30449], Yoshida et al. 2013:192 [ref. 34464]). •Valid as Myersina crocata (Wongratana 1975) -- (Shibukawa & Satapoomin 2006:29 [ref. 28710], Allen & Randall 2011:563 [ref. 31615], Allen & Erdmann 2012:879 [ref. 31980], Prokofiev 2016:647 [ref. 35020]). Current status: Valid as Myersina crocata (Wongratana 1975). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Sea, Gulf of Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines and southern China. Habitat: marine.

crocatus, Microgobius Birdsong [R. S.] 1968:193, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 81; ref. 7870] Pacific coast of Panama, about 1.3 miles south-southeast of Miraflores Locks, western Panama Canal, near Cocoli, depth 4 feet. Holotype (unique): USNM 202587. •Valid as Microgobius crocatus Birdsong 1968 -- (Birdsong 1981:296 [ref. 5425], Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1135 [ref. 22829], Van Tassell 2011:168 [ref. 31732], Tornabene et al. 2012:41 [ref. 32138]). Current status: Valid as Microgobius crocatus Birdsong 1968. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

crocineus, Ctenogobiops Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:191, Pl. 11 (fig. K) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 13; ref. 4122] Mahé, Seychelles, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 201. Paratypes: AMS I.19409-001 (1), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 894 (1). •Synonym of Ctenogobiops maculosus (Fourmanoir 1955) -- (Randall et al. 2003:511 [ref. 27448], Hoese & Larson 2006:1640 [ref. 29097], Randall et al. 2007:26 [ref. 29015]). •Valid as Ctenogobiops crocineus Smith 1959 -- (Lubbock & Polunin 1977:505 [ref. 7264], Yanagisawa 1978:293 [ref. 7028], Goren 1979:33 [ref. 1852], Dor 1984:243 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:261 [ref. 6441], Randall & Goren 1993:8 [ref. 21131], Goren & Dor 1994:64 [ref. 25356], Randall et al. 1997:530 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:240 [ref. 23965], Chen et al. 1999:60 [ref. 24094], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:637 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1233 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:119 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3596 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1233 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:57 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa 2009:270 [ref. 30449], Kovačić et al. 2011:60 [ref. 31957]). Current status: Valid as Ctenogobiops crocineus Smith 1959. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

crocodilus, Leptophilypnion Beebe [W.] & Tee-Van [J.] 1928:219, Fig. [Zoologica, Scientific Contributions of the New York Zoological Society v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 15836] Lamentin Reef, Port-au-Prince Bay, Haiti, West Indies. Holotype (unique): USNM 170905 [ex NYZS 7467]. Type catalog: Mead 1958:133 [ref. 20648]. •Valid as Lythrypnus crocodilus (Beebe & Tee-Van 1928) -- (Böhlke & Robins 1960:85 [ref. 11896], Greenfield 1988:465 [ref. 6413], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1794 [ref. 27111], Smith et al. 2003:63 [ref. 27621], Van Tassell 2011:141 [ref. 31732], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:79 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Lythrypnus crocodilus (Beebe & Tee-Van 1928). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

cruentatus, Gobius Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1197 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Marseille, France, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Based on 'Gobius No. 42' of Brünnich 1768:30 [ref. 17290]. See also Gobius pustulatus Bonnaterre 1788.+ •Valid as Gobius cruentatus Gmelin 1789 -- (Miller 1973:486 [ref. 6888], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1039 [ref. 13677], Miller 1990:934 [ref. 19376], Kovačić & Miller 2000:234 [ref. 25014], Ahnelt 2001:266 [ref. 25667], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:131 [ref. 26753], Gil et al. 2002:161 [ref. 25974], Engin et al. 2007:87 [ref. 29213], Fricke et al. 2007:103 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:154 [ref. 30517], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:186 [ref. 31737], Schliewen 2011:217 [ref. 31738], Parin et al. 2015:482 [ref. 33547], Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2840 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Gobius cruentatus Gmelin 1789. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: Ireland to Senegal. Habitat: marine.

cryptocentrus, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:111, Pl. 346 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntypes: MNHN A-1166 (1, primary specimen), ZMB 2077 (4). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:30 [ref. 19958] as holotype and paratypes. •Valid as Cryptocentrus cryptocentrus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Goren 1979:29 [ref. 1852], Dor 1984:242 [ref. 29757], Hoese 1986:786 [ref. 5670], Goren & Dor 1994:64 [ref. 25356], Fricke 1999:507 [ref. 24106], Hoese & Larson 2004:168 [ref. 28074], Fricke et al. 2013:269 [ref. 32706]). Current status: Valid as Cryptocentrus cryptocentrus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa and Persian Gulf, Mozambique Channel, Seychelles and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Chagos Archipelago. Habitat: marine.

cryptophthalmus, Caecogobius Berti [R.] & Ercolini [A.] 1991:130, Figs. 1-5 [Tropical Zoology v. 4 (no. 1); ref. 20220] Calbiga Cave system, Samar Island, Philippines, 12°00'N, 125°00'E. Holotype: MSNVR 1262. Paratypes: MSNVR 1262a (1, partially dissected), 1262b (1, stained, partially dissected); ZSM 27189 (1, stained). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:258 [ref. 31652]. ZSM 27189 is on longterm to CMK •Valid as Caecogobius cryptophthalmus Berti & Ercolini 1991 - (Larson 2001:56 [ref. 25522], Romero & Paulson 2001:35 [ref. 26040], Proudlove 2006:198 [ref. 28992], Kottelat 2013:403 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Caecogobius cryptophthalmus Berti & Ercolini 1991. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

cryptosquamis, Gobius Rendahl [H.] 1924:24 [Arkiv för Zoologi v. 16 (no. 2); ref. 15467] Fengtein [Penglien], Hulutao [Hulutu], China. Holotype (unique): NRM 1921231-3620 [formerly NRM 10620] (dry). Locality in NRM collection is Liaoning, Jinzhuo, Jinxi, Huludao I., China. •Synonym of Acanthogobius flavimanus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). Current status: Synonym of Acanthogobius flavimanus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ctenolepidus, Benthophilus Kessler [K. F.] 1877:48, Pl. 4 (fig. 11) [The Aralo-Caspian Expedition; ref. 2597] Caspian Sea, 40°08'N, 0°26'E of Baku, Azerbaijan. Lectotype: ZIN 10897. Paralectotypes: (4) BMNH 1897.7.5.13 [ex ZIN] (1), ZIN (lost). Lectotype selected by Ragimov [Rahimov] 1982:48 [ref. 8985]. •Valid as Benthophilus ctenolepidus Kessler 1877 -- (Coad 1995:29 [ref. 23608], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:753 [ref. 24702], Vasil'eva 1998:128 [ref. 23591], Coad 1998:103 [ref. 23869], Pinchuk & Miller in Miller 2004:187 [ref. 27853], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:216 [ref. 28183], Boldyrev & Bogutskaya 2004:134 [ref. 28099], Boldyrev & Bogutskaya 2007:70 [ref. 29150], Neilson & Stepien 2009:96 [ref. 30487], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:897 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:80 [ref. 35254]). Current status: Valid as Benthophilus ctenolepidus Kessler 1877. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Caspian Sea basin, Eurasia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

culionensis, Ctenogobius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1934:84 [Notes on fishes in the Zoological Museum of Stanford University. 1. The fishes of the Herre Philippine expedition of 1931.; ref. 2108] Culion Harbor, Philippines. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 26387. Herre specimens: BMNH 1933.3.11.677 [from Herre] (1). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:148 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:110 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Cryptocentrus caeruleomaculatus (Herre 1933) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). Current status: Synonym of Cryptocentrus caeruleomaculatus (Herre 1933). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

cuneata, Chriolepis Bussing [W. A.] 1990:113, Fig. 7 [Revista de Biología Tropical v. 38 (no. 1); ref. 19516] Off Isla San José, Islas Murciélagos, Costa Rica, depth 10-14 meters. Holotype: LACM 44828-1 [ex UCR 382-5]. Paratypes: LACM 32499-47 (2), 32539-35 (2), 32546-50 (2), 32548-56 (1); UCR 432-22 (1), 631-8 (1), 689-15 (2). Non-type material: UCR 684-8 (1). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:371 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Chriolepis cuneata Bussing 1990 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:260 [ref. 22193], Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1134 [ref. 22829], Thomson et al. 2000:244 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:170 [ref. 27807], Van Tassell 2011:151 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:175 [ref. 32708], Tornabene et al. 2016:13 [ref. 34435]). Current status: Valid as Chriolepis cuneata Bussing 1990. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

curacao, Gobius Metzelaar [J.] 1919:136, Fig. 38 [Report on the fishes; ref. 2982] Curaçao and Bonaire islands. Syntypes: BMNH 1920.1.8.5-7 (3), CAS-SU 23311 (2), ZMA 111890 (25). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:113 [ref. 12291], Nijssen et al. 1982:98 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Bathygobius curacao (Metzelaar 1919) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:242 [ref. 23100], Miller & Smith 1989:315 [ref. 25535], Cervigón 1994:154 [ref. 24488], Aguilera 1998:52 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:425 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:314 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:167 [ref. 27754], Thacker & Cole 2002:840 [ref. 26548], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1792 [ref. 27111], Smith et al. 2003:59 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:169 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:670 [ref. 28815], Tornabene et al. 2010:149 [ref. 30990], Van Tassell 2011:140 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:175 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:180 [ref. 32953], Rodríguez-Rey et al. 2017:11 [ref. 35433]). Current status: Valid as Bathygobius curacao (Metzelaar 1919). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

curasub, Coryphopterus Baldwin [C. C.] & Robertson [D. R.] 2015:126, Figs. 1-2A [ZooKeys No. 513; ref. 33884] Southern Caribbean, Curaçao, east of downline off Substation Curaçao dock, near 12°05.069'N, 68°53.886'W, depth 80 meters. Holotype: USNM 406373. Paratypes: USNM. •Valid as Coryphopterus curasub Baldwin & Robertson 2015. Current status: Valid as Coryphopterus curasub Baldwin & Robertson 2015. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Curaçao, southern Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

curticeps, Bathygobius ramosus Ginsburg [I.] 1947:281 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 37 (no. 8); ref. 19997] Cape San Lucas, Baja California, Mexico. Holotype: USNM 30739. Paratypes: (50) FMNH 42666 (17). •Synonym of Bathygobius ramosus Ginsburg 1947 -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:425 [ref. 24550]). Current status: Synonym of Bathygobius ramosus Ginsburg 1947. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

curtisi, Ctenogobius Fowler [H. W.] 1952:108, Pl. 21 (figs. 8-9) [Memorias de la Sociedad Cubana de Historia Natural v. 21 (no. 1); ref. 12770] Port-au-Prince, Haiti, West Indies. Holotype (unique): ANSP 72128. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:105 [ref. 13621]. Spelled curtsi on figure caption; considered an error as the species was named for Anthony Curtis. •Synonym of Evorthodus lyricus (Girard 1858) -- (Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:661 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Evorthodus lyricus (Girard 1858). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

curtus, Microgobius Ginsburg [I.] 1939:56 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 12362] Mangrove swamp, Salada, Guayaquil, Ecuador. Holotype: USNM 107292. Paratypes: USNM 88788 (5). •Valid as Microgobius curtus Ginsburg 1939 -- (Birdsong 1981:291 [ref. 5425], Allen & Robertson 1994:267 [ref. 22193], Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1135 [ref. 22829], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:149 [ref. 24555], Van Tassell 2011:168 [ref. 31732], Tornabene et al. 2012:41 [ref. 32138]). Current status: Valid as Microgobius curtus Ginsburg 1939. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cyanocephala, Priolepis Hoese [D. F.] & Larson [H. K.] 2010:380, Figs. 2, 5c-d [Ichthyological Research v. 57; ref. 31045] Clovelly, New South Wales, Australia, depth 12 meters. Holotype: AMS I.19717-001. Paratypes: AMS I.17417-001 (1). •Valid as Priolepis cyanocephala Hoese & Larson 2010. Current status: Valid as Priolepis cyanocephala Hoese & Larson 2010. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: New South Wales, Australia and Lord Howe Island. Habitat: marine.

cyanoclavis, Gobius Cantor [T. E.] 1849:1167 [185] [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 18 (pt 2); ref. 715] Sea of Penang, Malaysia. Syntypes: BMNH 1860.3.19.561-562 (2, skins). On p. 185 of separate. •Synonym of Acentrogobius cyanomos (Bleeker 1849) Current status: Synonym of Acentrogobius cyanomos (Bleeker 1849). Gobiidae: Gobiinae.

cyanolineata, Vanderhorstia Suzuki [T.] & Chen [I-S.] 2014:208, Figs. 1-3 [Journal of Marine Science and Technology v. 21, Suppl. [for 2013]; ref. 33152] Kyoda, 26°32'48.9"N, 127°57'29.9"E, Nago Inlet, Okinawa-jima Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, depth 30 meters. Holotype: OMNH-P 37882. Other material (photographs): KPM -NR 80594, KPR-NR 44940. •Valid as Vanderhorstia cyanolineata Suzuki & Chen 2014. Current status: Valid as Vanderhorstia cyanolineata Suzuki & Chen 2014. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Ryukyu Islands and Bali, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

cyanomos, Gobius Bleeker [P.] 1849:25 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [6]; ref. 319] Madura Straits near Surabaya and Kammal, Java, Indonesia. Holotype or syntypes: RMNH 4524 (1 of several). Appeared without distinguishing features in list in Bleeker 1849:5 [ref. 320]. Spelled cyanosmos by Day 1876:287 [ref. 1081]. •Valid as Aulopareia cyanomos (Bleeker 1849) -- (Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:635 [ref. 25122], Larson & Murdy 2001:3595 [ref. 26293], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Larson & Wright 2003:130 [ref. 27481], Kottelat 2013:399 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Acentrogobius cyanomos (Bleeker 1849) -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:309 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:924 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:141 [ref. 23448], Rema Devi 1993:166 [ref. 24020], Ataur Rahman 2003:335 [ref. 31338], Larson et al. 2008:145 [ref. 29532], Shibukawa 2009:259 [ref. 30449], Huang et al. 2014:108 [ref. 33161], Allen 2015:7 [ref. 33699]). Current status: Valid as Acentrogobius cyanomos (Bleeker 1849). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cyanospilotus, Cryptocentrus Allen [G. R.] & Randall [J. E.] 2011:556, Figs. 1-5 [Marine Biology Research v. 7 (no. 6); ref. 31615] Ngargol Island, 7°05.897'N, 134°17.133'E, Palau Islands, depth 16 meters. Holotype: BPBM 31446. Paratypes: BPBM 26665 (1), 41019 (1); WAM P.30965-006 (1), P.32885-004 (1). Plus non-type specimens and site records. Provisionally included in Cryptocentrus. •Valid as Cryptocentrus cyanospilotus Allen & Randall 2011 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:871 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:161 [ref. 33932], Allen 2015:72 [ref. 33923]). Current status: Valid as Cryptocentrus cyanospilotus Allen & Randall 2011. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Palau and Yap to Yaeyama Islands. Habitat: marine.

cyanostigma, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1855:452 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 8 (no. 3); ref. 16841] Cocos-Keeling Islands, Indian Ocean. Syntypes: RMNH 4756 (2). •Synonym of Asterropteryx semipunctatus Rüppell 1830 -- (Dor 1984:240 [ref. 29757], Greenfield & Randall 2004:506 [ref. 28175], Mundy 2005:470 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Asterropteryx semipunctata Rüppell 1830. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

cyanotaenia, Gobius Bleeker [P.] 1853:475 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 336] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4662. •Valid as Cryptocentrus cyanotaenia (Bleeker 1853) -- (Myers 1999:239 [ref. 23965], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Larson & Murdy 2001:3596 [ref. 26293], Satapoomin & Winterbottom 2002:61 [ref. 26168], Allen & Adrim 2003:57 [ref. 26830], Hoese & Larson 2004:168 [ref. 28074], Randall et al. 2005:128 [ref. 28745], Larson et al. 2008:147 [ref. 29532], Shibukawa 2009:268 [ref. 30449], Allen & Randall 2011:560 [ref. 31615] including identifications referred to multicinctus, Allen & Erdmann 2012:871 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:161 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Cryptocentrus cyanotaenia (Bleeker 1853). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and eastern Indian Ocean: Andaman Sea, Brunei, and Indonesia, east to New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

cyclolepis, Microgobius Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:74 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] Gulf of California, Mexico, 30°37'30"N, 113°07'W, Albatross station 3020, depth 7 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 44370. •Valid as Microgobius cyclolepis Gilbert 1890 -- (Birdsong 1981:289 [ref. 5425], Allen & Robertson 1994:267 [ref. 22193], Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1135 [ref. 22829], Nelson et al. 2004:172 [ref. 27807], Van Tassell 2011:168 [ref. 31732], Tornabene et al. 2012:41 [ref. 32138], Page et al. 2013:178 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Microgobius cyclolepis Gilbert 1890. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cyclopterus, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:59 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Carteret Harbour, Lambom Island, near Cape Saint-George, southern New Ireland, Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea, western Pacific, ca. 4°48'S, 152°51'E. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1355. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:30-31 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Bathygobius cyclopterus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Goren 1978:269 [ref. 8929], Goren 1979:26 [ref. 1852], Akihito & Meguro 1980:228 [ref. 6920], Dor 1984:240 [ref. 29757], Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:273 [ref. 6441], Hoese 1986:781 [ref. 5670], Miller & Smith 1989:315 [ref. 25535], Randall & Goren 1993:6 [ref. 21131], Kottelat et al. 1993:142 [ref. 23448], Goren & Dor 1994:63 [ref. 25356], Myers 1999:245 [ref. 23965], Chu 1999:70 [ref. 24097], Fricke 1999:502 [ref. 24106], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:635 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1219 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:242 [ref. 25480], Sakai et al. 2001:109 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3595 [ref. 26293], Miller & Stefanni 2001:151 [ref. 26034], Nakabo 2002:1219 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:57 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:520 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Larson 2006:1627 [ref. 29097], Fricke et al. 2009:100 [ref. 30213], Shibukawa 2009:264 [ref. 30449], Motomura et al. 2010:205 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:961 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:401 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:159 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:89 [ref. 35333]). Current status: Valid as Bathygobius cyclopterus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Madagascar and Réunion (western Mascarenes) east to Mariana Islands and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cylindriceps, Ctenogobius Hora [S. L.] 1923:745, Figs. 26-28 [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 5 (no. 11); ref. 2204] Chilka Lake, Orissa, India. Syntypes: ZSI F10189/1 (9); RMNH 12061. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:153 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:372 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Oligolepis cylindriceps (Hora 1923) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:939 [ref. 20764], Rainboth 1996:205 [ref. 22772], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:187 [ref. 25703], Kottelat 2013:415 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Oligolepis cylindriceps (Hora 1923). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

cylindricus, Chaenogobius Tomiyama [I.] 1936:92, Fig. 39 [Japanese Journal of Zoology v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 4413] Hiroshima, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 30389. •Synonym of Gymnogobius raninus Taranetz 1934 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:375 [ref. 7348]). •Valid as Chaenogobius cylindricus Tomiyama 1936 -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:277 [ref. 6441], Suzuki & Masuda 1993:2 [ref. 24333], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:13 [ref. 24670]). •Valid as Gymnogobius cylindricus (Tomiyama 1936) -- (Nakabo 2000:1199 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1199 [ref. 26193], Stevenson 2002:280 [ref. 26489], Vasil'eva 2003:S46 [ref. 28444], Parin et al. 2014:486 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Gymnogobius cylindricus (Tomiyama 1936). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Sea of Japan and East China Sea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cylindricus, Ctenogobius Bleeker [P.] 1875:129 [Archives néerlandaises des sciences exactes et naturelles v. 10; ref. 12599] Singapore. Syntypes: (2) RMNH 4495 (largest plus 1 other of 3). •Synonym of Favonigobius reichei (Bleeker 1854) -- (Larson et al. 2008:148 [ref. 29532]). •Synonym of Papillogobius reichei (Bleeker 1854) -- (Kottelat 2013:417 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Favonigobius reichei (Bleeker 1854). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cynocephalum, Sicydium Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:177 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN A-1454 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:44 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Sicyopterus cynocephalus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Allen 1991:194 [ref. 21090], Parenti & Maciolek 1993:963 [ref. 21279], Kottelat et al. 1993:152 [ref. 23448], Watson et al. 2000:24 [ref. 25138], Larson & Murdy 2001:3602 [ref. 26293], Keith et al. 2004:117 [ref. 27828], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:197 [ref. 28107], Keith et al. 2012:304 [ref. 31972], Kottelat 2013:427 [ref. 32989], Keith et al. 2015:86 [ref. 34328], Miesen et al. 2016:94 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Sicyopterus cynocephalus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific [anadromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cynocephalus, Gobius Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:177 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Not available, name mentioned under Sicydium cynocephalum Valenciennes 1837; from Manado, Celebes. Gobiidae.

cyprinoides, Gobius Pallas [P. S.] 1770:17, Pl. 1 (fig. 5) [Spicilegia Zoologica v. 1 (fasc. 8); ref. 12293] Ambon Island [actual is West Indies]. No types known. •Valid as Lophogobius cyprinoides (Pallas 1770) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:245 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1994:2000 [ref. 24488], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:245 [ref. 22947] as Lophiogobius, Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:436 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:317 [ref. 25013], Thacker & Cole 2002:838 [ref. 26548], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1794 [ref. 27111], Smith et al. 2003:63 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:172 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:713 [ref. 28815], Miller 2006:399 [ref. 28615], Matamoros et al. 2009:25 [ref. 31241], Van Tassell 2011:141, 144 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:177 [ref. 32708], Phillip et al. 2013:25 [ref. 32896], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:79 [ref. 33341], Shibukawa et al. 2014:157 [ref. 35157]). Current status: Valid as Lophogobius cyprinoides (Pallas 1770). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic; plus Panama Canal -- immigrated to the eastern Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cyrius, Gobius Kessler [K. F.] 1874:273 [83] [Trudy St.-Peterburgskogo Obscestva Estestvoispytatelej = Travaux de la Société des Naturalistes de St. Pétersbourg. v. 5; ref. 18397] Kura River near Borzhomi, Georgia, Eurasia. Syntypes: ZIN 2235 (3). •Synonym of Neogobius cephalarges (Pallas 1814) -- (Berg 1949:1088 [ref. 20662]). •Synonym of Neogobius platyrostris (Pallas 1814) -- (Pinchuk 1977:590 [ref. 8999]). •Mention -- (Reshetnikov et al. 1997:756 [ref. 24702]). •Valid as Neogobius cyrius (Kessler 1874) -- (Vasil'eva & Vasil'ev 1994:747 [ref. 22082], Ahnelt & Holcik 1996:103 [ref. 24708], Coad 1998:103 [ref. 23869], Vasil'eva & Vasil'ev 2003:203 [ref. 27347], Fricke et al. 2007:105 [ref. 29533], Kovačić & Engín 2008:79 [ref. 29624]). •Valid as Ponticola cyrius (Kessler 1874) -- (Neilson & Stepien 2009:97 [ref. 30497], Esmaeili et al. 2010:378 [ref. 33391], Freyhof 2011:286 [ref. 31742], Stepien & Neilson 2013:2 [ref. 35325], Vasil'eva et al. 2015:196 [ref. 33862], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:899 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:152 [ref. 35151], Vasil'eva et al. 2016:9 [ref. 34347], Esmaeili et al. 2017:84 [ref. 35254]). Current status: Valid as Ponticola cyrius (Kessler 1874). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Caspian Sea basin, Eurasia. Habitat: freshwater.

dabra, Feia Winterbottom [R.] 2005:46, Figs. 1-2 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 28345] Lagoon south of Koror on western side of Ngeruktabel Island, 7°17'07.5"N, 134°25'34.5"E, Palau, depth 11-18 meters. Holotype: ROM 75909. Paratypes: ROM 75919 (1), 75949 (2), 76591 (1), 76592 (3), 76593 (1), 76594 (1), 76630 (1); ROM 176CS (1, c&s). •Valid as Feia dabra Winterbottom 2005. Current status: Valid as Feia dabra Winterbottom 2005. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Palau. Habitat: marine.

daguae, Gobius (Ctenogobius) Eigenmann [C. H.] 1918:685 [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 56 (no. 7); ref. 12304] Mouth of Río Dagua, Colombia. Holotype: FMNH 58479 [ex CM 7481]. Paratypes: CAS 46150 [ex IU 13863] (2), FMNH 58480 [ex CM 7482] (1). Type catalog: Henn 1928:97 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:42 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Gobionellus daguae (Eigenmann 1918) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:264 [ref. 22193], Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1134 [ref. 22829], Pezold 2004:287 [ref. 27686], Van Tassell 2011:144 [ref. 31732]). Current status: Valid as Gobionellus daguae (Eigenmann 1918). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Panama to Colombia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

daimio, Pterogobius Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1901:91, Fig. 17 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 24 (no. 1244); ref. 2509] Misaki, Kanagawa Prefecture, Sagami Sea, Japan. Holotype: CAS-SU 6455. Paratypes: CAS-SU 6545 (5), 6606 (15), 6657 (9). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:142 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:116 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Pterogobius elapoides (Günther 1872) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:369 [ref. 7348]). Current status: Synonym of Pterogobius elapoides (Günther 1872). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: marine.

dalerocheila, Trimma Winterbottom [R.] 1984:697, Figs. 1, 11 [Canadian Journal of Zoology v. 62 (no. 4); ref. 5321] Chagos Archipelago, central Indian Ocean. Holotype: ROM 40522. Paratypes: AMS I.23331-003 (39 or 37); BMNH 1983.6.13.1-3 (3), 1983.6.13.4-5 (2); BPBM 28932 (8); NMC 80-616 (20); ROM 40510-21 (2, 1, 10, 4, 2, 1, 1, 1, 49, 82, 4, 2), 40523-28 (95, 42, 49, 25, 38, 57), 741CS (13, c&s); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 18582 (17); USNM 269529 (16), WAM P.27983-001 (5). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:40 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:46 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Trimma dalerocheila Winterbottom 1984 -- (Hagiwara & Winterbottom 2007:164 [ref. 29103]). Current status: Valid as Trimma dalerocheila Winterbottom 1984. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

dalli, Gobius Gilbert [C. H.] 1890:73 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 13 (no. 797); ref. 1623] West of Isla San Jose, Gulf of California, Mexico, Albatross station 3001, depth 33 fathoms. Lectotype: USNM 107287. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 286 (3); USNM 48255 (1), 126749 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:113 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype selected by Ginsburg 1939:54 [ref. 12362]. •Valid as Lythrypnus dalli (Gilbert 1890) -- (Wiley 1976:170 [ref. 23169], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:263 [ref. 9277], Bussing 1990:108 [ref. 19516], Allen & Robertson 1994:266 [ref. 22193], Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1135 [ref. 22829], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:556 [ref. 24023] [but see McCosker 1998:810 [ref. 24025]], Thomson et al. 2000:247 [ref. 25640], Ahnelt & Bohacek 2004:31 [ref. 27751], Nelson et al. 2004:172 [ref. 27807], Béarez et al. 2008:478 [ref. 32869], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Van Tassell 2011:141 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:177 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Lythrypnus dalli (Gilbert 1890). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

darnleyensis, Gobius Alleyne [H. G.] & Macleay [W.] 1877:331, Pl. 12 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 1 (pts 3-4); ref. 101] Erub [= Darnley] Island, 9°35'S, 143°46'E, Torres Strait, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.16390-001 [es MAMU F992(a)] (3). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:157 [ref. 2676], Stanbury 1969:208 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Bathygobius fuscus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Akihito & Meguro 1980:221 [ref. 6920], Hoese & Larson 2006:1627 [ref. 29097], Kottelat 2013:402 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Bathygobius fuscus (Rüppell 1830). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

darwini, Periophthalmus Larson [H. K.] & Takita [T.] 2004:176, Figs. 1-2, 7A-B [The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory v. 20; ref. 28075] Mud banks at Mickett Creek, Shoal Bay, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: NTM S.10554-004. Paratypes: AMS I.43230-001 (7); NSMT-P 67977 (5); NTM S.10554-001 (47), S.11360-015 (7), S.14400-006 (3), S.10694-022 (14), S.15801-001 (8). •Valid as Periophthalmus darwini Larson & Takita 2004 -- (Hoese & Larson 2006:1673 [ref. 29097], Jaafar & Larson 2008:951 [ref. 29863], Takita et al. 2011:196 [ref. 31704], Murdy 2011:105 [ref. 31728], Larson et al. 2013:205 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Periophthalmus darwini Larson & Takita 2004. Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Distribution: Northern Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dasi, Oxyurichthys Talwar [P. K.], Chatterjee [T. K.] & Dev Roy [M. K.] 1982:483, Fig. 1 [Records of the Zoological Survey of India v. 79 (pt 3-4); ref. 8416] Sippighat, South Andaman Island, Andaman Islands. Holotype: ZSI F7610/2. Paratypes: ZSI F7611 (1). See Das 2003:373 [ref. 27706]. •Not an Oxyurichthys -- (D. Hoese/H. K. Larson data). •Valid as Oligolepis dasi (Talwar, Chatterjee & Dev Roy 1982) -- (Menon & Rema Devi 1991:464 [ref. 20061]). •Possibly in "Amoya" (Pezold & Larson 2015:5 [ref. 33894]). Current status: Valid as Oligolepis dasi (Talwar, Chatterjee & Dev Roy 1982). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Andaman Islands. Habitat: marine.

davaoensis, Gnatholepis Seale [A.] 1910:537 [The Philippine Journal of Science Section A v. 4 (no. 6) (for 1909); ref. 4000] Southern end of Hou Pi Hoo, Taiwan, depth 0-0.2 meters. Neotype: BPBM 18670. Holotype from Samal I., Davao Gulf, Mindanao I., Philippines destroyed, neotype designated by Randall & Greenfield 2001:12 [ref. 25675] •Synonym of Gnatholepis ophthalmoteania (Bleeker 1854) -- (Larson & Buckle 2012:5 [ref. 32272]). •Valid as Gnatholepis davaoensis Seale 1910 -- (Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:638 [ref. 25122], Randall & Greenfield 2001:12 [ref. 25675], Randall & Greenfield 2007:304 [ref. 29292], Ho & Shao 2011:57 [ref. 31432], Allen & Erdmann 2012:975 [ref. 31980]). •Synonym of Gnatholepis ophthalmotaenia (Bleeker 1854) -- (Kottelat 2013:409 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Gnatholepis davaoensis Seale 1910. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan, Yaeyama Islands, Indonesia, Philippines and to Vanuatu. Habitat: marine.

davidi, Gobius Sauvage [H.-E.] & Dabry de Thiersant [P.] 1874:2 [Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris (Zoologie et Paléontologie) (Sér. 6) v. 1 (art. 5); ref. 15665] West Tchekiang, China. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-6808. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1996-1330 to 1333 [ex MNHN 0000-6808] (4), 1996-1334 (25); NMW 29168-70 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:31 [ref. 19958]. Lectotype selected by Chen & Miller 1998:214 [ref. 23576]; MNHN 1996-1334 were referred to another species, but they are technically still paralectotypes of davidi. •Valid as Ctenogobius davidi (Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874) -- (Wu & Ni in Kuang et al. 1986:293 [ref. 26639], Zhu 1995:183 [ref. 25213]). •Valid as Rhinogobius davidi (Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874) -- (Chen & Miller 1998:214 [ref. 23576], Zhong & Tzeng 1998:239 [ref. 24163], Chen et al. 1999:177 [ref. 23885], Chen & Fang 2006:252 [ref. 28955], Li & Zhong 2007:542 [ref. 29346], Chen et al. 2008:340 [ref. 29895], Yang et al. 2008:384 [ref. 29924], Huang et al. 2016:[8] [ref. 34339], Zhang et al. 2016:202 [ref. 34477], Takahashi & Okazaki 2017:[2] [ref. 35171], Suzuki et al. 2017:80 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Valid as Rhinogobius davidi (Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Zhejiang Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

dawsoni, Priolepis Greenfield [D. W.] 1989:397, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1989 (no. 2); ref. 12545] Atol das Rocas, off Ilha do Farol, 3°51'20"S, 33°49'13"W, Brazil, depth 9.1-10.7 meters. Holotype: MZUSP 38893. Paratypes: GCRL 9431 (1), 9468 (1), 9578 (1), 10734 (1); UF 42854 (6). •Valid as Priolepis dawsoni Greenfield 1989 -- (Garzón-Ferreira & Acero P. 1991:391 [ref. 16949], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1646 [ref. 25634] as cf. dawsoni, Rocha & Rosa 2001:992 [ref. 25909], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:100 [ref. 27192], Van Tassell 2011:142 [ref. 31732], Pinheiro et al. 2015:31 [ref. 34324]). Current status: Valid as Priolepis dawsoni Greenfield 1989. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

dayi, Acentrogobius Koumans [F. P.] 1941:224 [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 13 (pt 3); ref. 2677] Karachi, Pakistan. Lectotype: ZSI 160. Paralectotypes: ZSI F5604/2 (2). Type information: Talwar 1976:98 [ref. 21521]. Lectotype selected by Talwar 1976:98 [ref. 21521]. •Valid as Acentrogobius dayi Koumans 1941 -- (Coad 1991:27 [ref. 15702], Randall 1995:325 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:213 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Larson & Wright 2003:130 [ref. 27481], Jawad et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34964]). Current status: Valid as Acentrogobius dayi Koumans 1941. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean. Habitat: brackish, marine.

decaryi, Gobius criniger var. Pellegrin [J.] 1932:295, Fig. 3 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 57; ref. 16390] Marsh west of Fort Dauphin, Madagascar. Syntypes: MNHN 1932-0111 to 0115 (14). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:30 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Yongeichthys nebulosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Maugé 1986:387 [ref. 6218]). •Probably in genus Acentrogobius -- (Larson & Wright 2003:130 [ref. 27481]). •Questionably a synonym of Acentrogobius viridipunctatus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:398 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Acentrogobius decaryi (Pellegrin 1932) -- (Jawad et al. 2016:1 [ref. 34964]). Current status: Valid as Acentrogobius decaryi (Pellegrin 1932). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Madagascar. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

decemlineatus, Awaous Eigenmann [C. H.] 1918:686 [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 56 (no. 7); ref. 12304] Rio Atrato, Quibdo, Colombia. Holotype: FMNH 58476 [ex CM 7478]. Paratypes: FMNH 58477-78 (4, 5); CAS 78680-81 [ex IU 13861-62] (4, 16). Type catalog: Henn 1928:97 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:14 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Awaous decemlineatus Eigenmann 1918 -- (Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1134 [ref. 22829]). •Synonym of Awaous flavus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Watson & Horsthemke 1995:84 [ref. 21933], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:658 [ref. 27061], Lasso-Alcalá & Lasso 2008:121 [ref. 30588]). Current status: Synonym of Awaous flavus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

decora, Valenciennea Hoese [D. F.] & Larson [H. K.] 1994:18, Pls. 1C-D, 5B [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 23; ref. 12483] Outer reef on northern side of One Tree Island, 23°30'S, 152°05'E, Capricorn Group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia, depth 20 meters. Holotype: AMS I.19105-001. Paratypes: AMS I.18801-001 (1), I.18802-001 (1), I.18803-001 (1), I.18804-001 (1), I.20732-001 (1); BMNH 1988.4.26.2 (1); BPBM 27782 (1), 33952 (1); CAS 54462 (1); QM I.21260 (1); USNM 265788 (1); WAM P.27974-001 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:46 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Valenciennea decora Hoese & Larson 1994 -- (Allen 1997:220 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:411 [ref. 25919], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:414 [ref. 25191], Larson & Murdy 2001:3600 [ref. 26293], Randall et al. 2004:28 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:555 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Larson 2006:1693 [ref. 29097], Suzuki et al. 2016:2 [ref. 34434]). Current status: Valid as Valenciennea decora Hoese & Larson 1994. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

decoratus, Rhinogobius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:181, Pl. 13 (fig. 3) [Monographs, Bureau of Science Manila Monogr. 23; ref. 2104] West side Apo Island, Philippines [Bohol Sea, western Pacific], 9°04'25"N, 123°16'05"E, depth 0-20 feet. Neotype: USNM 254289. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:186 [ref. 2676]. Original syntypes: BSMP 13056 (1), 26881-82 (1, 1) destroyed but seen by Koumans. Neotype designated by Murdy & Hoese 1985:30 [ref. 5237]. •Valid as Istigobius decoratus (Herre 1927) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:252 [ref. 6441], Hoese 1986:793 [ref. 5670], Allen & Swainston 1988:136 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:404 [ref. 15987], Randall & Goren 1993:15 [ref. 21131], Kuiter 1993:345 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:167 [ref. 25479], Randall et al. 1994:248 [ref. 21645], Goren & Dor 1994:65 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:338 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:218 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:215 [ref. 23922], Randall et al. 1997:404 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:256 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:516 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:749 [ref. 25471], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:638 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1213 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:412 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:239, 248 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:120 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3598 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1213 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:59 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S119 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:644 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:28 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3329 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:538 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Larson 2006:1660 [ref. 29097], Larson et al. 2008:149 [ref. 29532], Fricke et al. 2009:102 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:214 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:979 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:200 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:167 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:92 [ref. 35333], Suzuki et al. 2017:80 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Valid as Istigobius decoratus (Herre 1927). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Rotuma and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia and Australia, and Lord Howe Island. Habitat: marine.

decorum, Varicus Van Tassell [J. L.], Baldwin [C. C.] & Tornabene [L.] in Tornabene, Van Tassell, Gilmore, Robertson, Young & Baldwin 2016:36, Figs. 31-33 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 2016; ref. 34435] Slope off Playa Forti, Westpoint, leeward side, Curaçao, 12.083N, -68.899W, depth 165 meters. Holotype: USNM 432000. Paratypes: USNM. •Valid as Varicus decorum Van Tassell, Baldwin & Tornabene 2016 -- (Tornabene et al. 2016:147 [ref. 34485]). Current status: Valid as Varicus decorum Van Tassell, Baldwin & Tornabene 2016. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Curaçao. Habitat: marine.

decussatus, Gobius Bleeker [P.] 1855:442 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 8 (no. 3); ref. 16840] Manado, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) RMNH 4528 (2 of 5). •Valid as Amblygobius decussatus (Bleeker 1855) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:255 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:393 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:214 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:393 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:242 [ref. 23965], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:635 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1237 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:406 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:118 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3594 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1237 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:176 [ref. 27510], Randall 2005:517 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Larson 2006:1621 [ref. 29097], Larson et al. 2008:146 [ref. 29532] as Amblyogobius, Allen & Erdmann 2012:955 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:398 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:157 [ref. 33932], Miesen et al. 2016:93 [ref. 34492], Allen & Erdmann 2016:21 [ref. 35073]). Current status: Valid as Amblygobius decussatus (Bleeker 1855). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean: Cocos-Keeling Islands east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

deilus, Gobius Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:47 [8] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3887] Poulo Condor, Vietnam. Holotype: MNHN A-1662. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:31 [ref. 19958]. On p. 8 of separate. •Synonym of Amblygobius sphynx (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Maugé 1986:359 [ref. 6218]). Current status: Synonym of Amblygobius sphynx (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

delagoae, Gobius Barnard [K. H.] 1937:62, Fig. 3 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 32 (pt 2, no. 6); ref. 197] Inhaca Island, Delagoa Bay, Mozambique, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAM 19857. •Valid as Vanderhorstia delagoae (Barnard 1937) -- (Goren 1979:54 [ref. 1852], Dor 1984:251 [ref. 29757], Hoese 1986:806 [ref. 5670], Goren & Dor 1994:67 [ref. 25356], Fricke 1999:525 [ref. 24106], Heemstra et al. 2004:3330 [ref. 27945], Shibukawa & Suzuki 2004:116 [ref. 28014], Randall 2007:22 [ref. 29032], Freinschlag & Patzner 2012:42 [ref. 31789], Suzuki & Chen 2014:207 [ref. 33152]). Current status: Valid as Vanderhorstia delagoae (Barnard 1937). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa to Seychelles, Madagascar and Rodrigues (Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

delicatulus, Amblyeleotris (Fereleotris) Smith [J. L. B.] 1958:152, Pl. 2 (fig. A), Fig. 9 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 11; ref. 4118] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 221. •Valid as Amblyeleotris delicatulus Smith 1958 -- (Hoese & Steene 1978:382 [ref. 8713], Larson & Murdy 2001:3594 [ref. 26293], Chen et al. 2006:2563 [ref. 29024]). Current status: Valid as Amblyeleotris delicatulus Smith 1958. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

delicatus, Rhinogobius Chen [I-S.] & Shao [K.-S.] 1996:208, Figs. 8-9 [Zoological Studies v. 35 (no. 3); ref. 22202] Shokulwan River, Hualien County, Taiwan. Holotype: ASIZP 057227. Paratypes: ASIZP 057228-30 (13, 6, 1). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:57 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Rhinogobius delicatus Chen & Shao 1996 -- (Chen et al. 1998:255 [ref. 23655], Ho & Shao 2011:57 [ref. 31432], Zhang et al. 2016:202 [ref. 34477], Takahashi & Okazaki 2017:[3] [ref. 35171], Suzuki et al. 2017:82 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Valid as Rhinogobius delicatus Chen & Shao 1996. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

deltoides, Gobius Seale [A.] 1901:125 [Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum of Polynesian Ethnology and Natural History v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 14357] Agaña, Guam, Mariana Islands, western Pacific. Syntypes: ANSP 84134 [ex BPBM 267] (10); BPBM 267 (? now 4); USNM 109399 (1). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:156-157 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1984:105 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Gnatholepis deltoides (Seale 1901) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:252 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1212 [ref. 25182], Larson & Murdy 2001:3601 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1212 [ref. 26193]). •Synonym of Gnatholepis anjerensis (Bleeker 1851) -- (Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:637 [ref. 25122], Randall & Greenfield 2001:3 [ref. 25675], Myers & Donaldson 2003:642 [ref. 27495], Greenfield & Randall 2004:524 [ref. 28175], Randall 2005:536 [ref. 28239], Randall & Greenfield 2007:304 [ref. 29292], Randall 2007:405 [ref. 30952], Larson & Buckle 2012:5, 22 [ref. 32272] Kottelat 2013:409 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gnatholepis anjerensis (Bleeker 1851). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

deminuta, Eviota Tornabene [L.], Ahmadia [G. N.] & Williams [J. T.] 2013:13, Figs. 15-18 [Systematics and Biodiversity v. 11 (no. 3); ref. 32884] Nuku Hiva, Hatihou, Marquesas Islands, depth 3-6 meters. Holotype: USNM 407907. Paratypes: MNHN, USNM. •Valid as Eviota deminuta Tornabene, Ahmadia & Williams 2013 -- (Greenfield et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33111], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:31 [ref. 34537], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:39 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota deminuta Tornabene, Ahmadia & Williams 2013. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Marquesas Islands. Habitat: marine.

dentatus, Apocryptes Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:148 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Puducherry and Calcutta, India. Syntypes: MNHN A-1370 (2) Bengale, MNHN A-2528 (1) Pondichery. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:18 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Pseudapocryptes lanceolatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Murdy 1989:47 [ref. 13628], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:958 [ref. 20764] with question, Carpenter et al. 1997:213 [ref. 23922]). •Synonym of Pseudapocryptes elongatus (Cuvier 1816) -- (Kottelat 2013:421 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudapocryptes elongatus (Cuvier 1816). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

dentatus, Boleophthalmus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:208, Pl. 355 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Mumbai, India. Syntypes: MNHN A-1475 (4). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:19 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Boleophthalmus dussumieri Valenciennes 1837 -- (Murdy 1989:17 [ref. 13628], Coad 1996:6 [ref. 23831]). Current status: Synonym of Boleophthalmus dussumieri Valenciennes 1837. Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dentatus, Cryptocentroides Popta [C. M. L.] 1922:33 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 7 (art. 2); ref. 3550] Raha, Muna Island, Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): SMF 6583. •Synonym of Cryptocentroides insignis (Seale 1910) -- (Hoese & Larson 2006:1636 [ref. 29097], Kottelat 2013:405 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:93 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Synonym of Cryptocentroides insignis (Seale 1910). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dentatus, Oxuderces Eydoux [J. F. T.] & Souleyet [F. A.] 1850:182, Pl. 8 (fig. 3) [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 4501] Kwantung (Guangdong), near Macao, China. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1822. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1982 [ref. 6562], Bauchot et al. 1991:42 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Oxuderces dentatus Eydoux & Souleyet 1850 -- (Murdy 1989:20 [ref. 13628], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:955 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:147 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:210 [ref. 22772], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:639 [ref. 25122], Larson & Murdy 2001:3602 [ref. 26293] dated 1848, Larson et al. 2008:139 [ref. 29532], Murdy 2011:104 [ref. 31728], Kottelat 2013:415 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:192 [ref. 34464], Huang et al. 2014:109 [ref. 33161], Jaafar & Parenti 2016:[12] [ref. 34724] dated 1848). Current status: Valid as Oxuderces dentatus Eydoux & Souleyet 1850. Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Distribution: Coastal eastern China. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dentifer, Ctenogobius Hora [S. L.] 1923:747, Fig. 29 [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 5 (no. 11); ref. 2204] Rambha Bay; near Satpara and Barnikpaina, India. Syntypes: (8) ZSI F10187/1 (1) Manikpatna, RMNH. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:152 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:372 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Acentrogobius cyanomos (Bleeker 1849) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:924 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Drombus dentifer (Hora 1923) -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3596 [ref. 26293], Hoese & Larson 2006:1641 [ref. 29097], Larson et al. 2013:195 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:405 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Drombus dentifer (Hora 1923). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean to Northern Territory, Australia. Habitat: marine.

depressus, Gobius Kolombatović [G.] 1891:27 [Godicnje Izviesće C. K. Velike Realke u Splitu za Skolsku Godinu, Split v. 1890-1891; ref. 18430] Split, Croatia, Adriatic Sea, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: NMW 26163-64 (12, 6), 26165-67 (3), 29512 (4). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Gobius depressus Ramsey & Ogilby 1886. •Synonym of Chromogobius quadrivittatus (Steindachner 1863) in part -- (Miller 1973:492 [ref. 6888]). •Synonym of Chromogobius zebratus (Kolombatović 1891) -- (Miller 1973:492 [ref. 6888], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1029 [ref. 13677]). Current status: Synonym of Chromogobius zebratus (Kolombatović 1891). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

depressus, Gobius Ramsay [E. P.] & Ogilby [J. D.] 1886:4 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (Series 2) v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 18604] Bottle and Glass Rocks, Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS B.9758. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:160 [ref. 2676]. •Valid as Callogobius depressus (Ramsay & Ogilby 1886) -- (Kuiter 1993:345 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:787 [ref. 22532], Johnson 1999:748 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3595 [ref. 26293], Hoese & Larson 2006:1632 [ref. 29097], Hoese & Larson 2008:755 [ref. 30660], Larson 2011:237 [ref. 31740], Delventhal & Mooi 2013:156 [ref. 32677]). Current status: Valid as Callogobius depressus (Ramsay & Ogilby 1886). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Australia: southern Queensland to Western Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

deraniyagalai, Schismatogobius Kottelat [M.] & Pethiyagoda [R.] 1989:316, Fig. 1 [Spixiana (München) v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 14143] We Oya, hillstream at Parusella Estate, Kegala District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka, 7°01'55"N, 80°18'50"E. Holotype: ZSM 27362 [now ZRC 38460] [ex CMK 6675]. Paratypes: CMK 6400 (3), CMK 6524 (2), CMS uncat. (12). Type catalog: Neumann 2011:260 [ref. 31652]. Holotype now at ZRC. •Valid as Schismatogobius deraniyagalai Kottelat & Pethiyagoda 1989 -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:249 [ref. 20075], Chen et al. 2001:141 [ref. 25462], Keith et al. 2004:237 [ref. 27963], Jenkins & Boseto 2005:75 [ref. 28214], Keith et al. 2017:65 [ref. 35180], Keith et al. 2017:210 [ref. 35442]). Current status: Valid as Schismatogobius deraniyagalai Kottelat & Pethiyagoda 1989. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

detrusus, Gillichthys Gilbert [C. H.] & Scofield [N. B.] 1898:498, Pl. 38 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 20 (no. 1131); ref. 14633] Horseshoe Bend, near mouth of Colorado River, Mexico. Holotype: USNM 48127 (1 of many, if identifiable). Paratypes: BMNH 1897.1.12.32-37 [from Gilbert] (6); MCZ 35909 [ex USNM 48127] (1); NMW 31091 (1); CAS-SU 3836 (1), 5432 (116); USNM 48127 (50+). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:112 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Gillichthys mirabilis Cooper 1864 -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:435 [ref. 24550], Miller 2006:397 [ref. 28615], Minckley & Marsh 2009:280 [ref. 31114]). •Valid as Gillichthys detrusus Gilbert & Scofield 1898 -- (Swift et al. 2011:96 [ref. 31225], Van Tassell 2011:143 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:177 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Gillichthys detrusus Gilbert & Scofield 1898. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Colorado River Estuary, northrn Gulf of California. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

devisi, Mugilogobius McCulloch [A. R.] & Ogilby [J. D.] 1919:223, Pl. 36 (fig. 2) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 12 (no. 10); ref. 15219] Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Lectotype: AMS I.358 (smaller specimen). Paralectotypes: AMS I.358 (1 of 2), ?I.361 (2). Replacement name for Gobius stigmaticus De Vis 1884 [ref. 17383], secondarily preoccupied in Gobius by Smaragdus stigmaticus Poey 1860. See the account of Mugilogobius stigmaticus. Lectotype designation by Larson 2001:189 [ref. 25522] for stigmaticus establishes the same lectotype for devisi. •Synonym of Mugilogobius stigmaticus (De Vis 1884) -- (Larson 2001:185 [ref. 25522], Hoese & Larson 2006:1666 [ref. 29097]). Current status: Synonym of Mugilogobius stigmaticus (De Vis 1884). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: marine.

dewaali, Gobius Weber [M.] 1897:145 [Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere (Jena) v. 10; ref. 14640] Umgeni River, interior of Kwaulu-Natal, South Africa. Lectotype: ZMA 103238. Paralectotypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 415-416 (2, 2); ZMA 103239-40 (5, 12), 103272 (1). Type catalog: Matthes 1964:181 [ref. 19237], Nijssen et al. 1982:99 [ref. 19236]. Lectotype selected by Matthes 1964:181 [ref. 19237]. The original spelling was dewaali. •Valid as Redigobius dewaalii (Weber 1897) -- (Maugé 1986:382 [ref. 6218], Larson 2001:207 [ref. 25522]). •Valid as Redigobius dewaali (Weber 1897) -- (Hoese 1986:803 [ref. 5670], Skelton 1993:366 [ref. 24071], Skelton 2001:365 [ref. 27406] as dewaali, Larson 2010:146 [ref. 30783], Schliewen 2011:212 [ref. 31738]). Current status: Valid as Redigobius dewaali (Weber 1897). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Southeastern Africa: South Africa, Madagasca and Mozambique. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

diacanthus, Oplopomus Schultz [L. P.] 1943:242, Fig. 21 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 180; ref. 3957] Lagoon of Canton Island, Phoenix Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 116116. •Valid as Oplopomops diacanthus (Schultz 1943) -- (Iwata et al. 1998:117 [ref. 23379], Anderson et al. 1998:27 [ref. 23611], Myers 1999:243 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:1195 [ref. 25182], Larson & Murdy 2001:3598 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1195 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:643 [ref. 27495] in Oplopomus, Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:187 [ref. 27510], Larson et al. 2008:150 [ref. 29532], Allen & Erdmann 2012:982 [ref. 31980]). •Valid as Opua diacanthus (Schultz 1943) -- (Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847]). •Valid as Hazeus diacanthus (Schultz 1943) -- (Allen & Adrim 2003:59 [ref. 26830]). •Synonym of Oplopomops atherinoides (Peters 1855) -- (Randall 2005:542 [ref. 28239]). •Valid as Opua diacanthus (Schultz 1943) -- (Hoese & Larson 2006:1668 [ref. 29097]). •Valid as Oplopomops diacanthus (Schultz 1943) -- (Iwata et al. 1998:117 [ref. 23379], Anderson et al. 1998:27 [ref. 23611], Myers 1999:243 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:1195 [ref. 25182], Larson & Murdy 2001:3598 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1195 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:643 [ref. 27495] in Oplopomus, Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:187 [ref. 27510], Larson et al. 150 [ref. 29532], Prokofiev 2016:648 [ref. 35020]). Current status: Valid as Oplopomops diacanthus (Schultz 1943). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean: Maldive Islands to Marshall and Phoenix Islands, Australia to Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: marine.

diadema, Gobius Steindachner [F.] 1876:232 [184] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4225] Hong Kong, South China Sea, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): NMW 29171. On p. 184 of separate. •Valid as Istigobius diadema (Steindachner 1876) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:146 [ref. 23448], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:638 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:248 [ref. 25480], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3598 [ref. 26293] dated 1877, Allen & Adrim 2003:59 [ref. 26830] dated 1877, Hoese & Larson 2006:1660 [ref. 29097] dated 1877, Larson et al. 2008:149 [ref. 29532] dated 1877, Shibukawa 2009:278 [ref. 30449], Allen & Erdmann 2012:979 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:200 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:411 [ref. 32989], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2015:80 [ref. 34319]). Current status: Valid as Istigobius diadema (Steindachner 1876). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India to northern Australia, north to Hong Kong. Habitat: freshwater.

diadematus, Gobius Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1830:137 [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Suez, Suez Governorate, Egypt, Gulf of Suez, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): SMF 1786. •Valid as Hetereleotris diademata (Rüppell 1830) -- (Dor 1984:247 [ref. 29757], Hoese 1986:9 [ref. 5996], Goren & Dor 1994:65 [ref. 25356], Hoese & Larson 2005:15 [ref. 28571], Shibukawa 2010:90 [ref. 30808], Kovačić & Bogorodsky 2014.:480 [ref. 33169], Kovačić et al. 2014:123 [ref. 33446]). Current status: Valid as Hetereleotris diademata (Rüppell 1830). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Northern Red Sea endemic: Gulf of Suez. Habitat: marine.

diagonalis, Amblyeleotris Polunin [N. V. C.] & Lubbock [R.] 1979:245, Fig. 4 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 36 (no. 4); ref. 8796] 10-30 meters seaward east of South Island, Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Australia, depth 25 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1978.2.28.2. Paratypes: AMS I.20690-001 (2); BMNH 1978.2.28.3 (1); BPBM 18821 (3); MHNG 1592.49-50 (1, 1); USNM 218981 (1). •Valid as Amblyeleotris diagonalis Polunin & Lubbock 1979 -- (Randall & Goren 1993:2 [ref. 21131], Randall et al. 1994:238 [ref. 21645], Randall 1994:268 [ref. 21644], Randall 1995:325 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:213 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:346 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:524 [ref. 25919], Mohlmann & Munday 1999:62 [ref. 24273], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:635 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1230 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:118 [ref. 25868], Larson & Murdy 2001:3594 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1230 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Randall 2005:512 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Larson 2006:1618 [ref. 29097], Chen et al. 2006:2564 [ref. 29024], Jaafar & Randall 2009:26, 27 [ref. 30530], Freinschlag & Patzner 2012:42 [ref. 31789], Allen & Erdmann 2012:862 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Amblyeleotris diagonalis Polunin & Lubbock 1979. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Philippines and New Guinea and Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

dialepta, Chriolepis Bussing [W. A.] 1990:115, Fig. 8 [Revista de Biología Tropical v. 38 (no. 1); ref. 19516] 300 meters southwestern of Cabo Descubierta, off eastern side of Isla del Coco, depth 20 meters. Holotype: LACM 44821-4 [ex UCR 1155]. Paratypes: LACM 32260-25 (6), 32262-2 (1), 32275-8 (4), 32283-25 (15), 44821-2 (13), 44820-2 (21); SIO 94-135 (5); UCR 729-5 (10), 867-10 (22), 1154-23 (7), 1156-33 (4), 2160-1 (1). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:371 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Chriolepis dialepta Bussing 1990 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:260 [ref. 22193], Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1134 [ref. 22829], Thomson et al. 2000:244 [ref. 25640], Van Tassell 2011:151 [ref. 31732], Tornabene et al. 2016:13 [ref. 34435]). Current status: Valid as Chriolepis dialepta Bussing 1990. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Cocos Island. Habitat: marine.

dianneae, Bryaninops Larson [H. K.] 1985:85, Fig. 15 [The Beagle (Occasional Papers of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences) v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 5186] Reef lagoon, Mamanutha Group west of Viti Levu, Malololailai, Fiji Islands, depth 7.5 meters. Holotype: AMS I.24073-001. Paratypes: AMS I.24073-002 (1). •Valid as Bryaninops dianneae Larson 1985 -- (Larson 1987:142 [ref. 9091], Larson & Murdy 2001:3595 [ref. 26293] as diannae, Randall 2005:521 [ref. 28239], Suzuki et al. 2012:9 [ref. 31776], Suzuki & Randall 2014:26 [ref. 33142]). Current status: Valid as Bryaninops dianneae Larson 1985. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Fiji. Habitat: marine.

dicrus, Coryphopterus Böhlke [J. E.] & Robins [C. R.] 1960:112, Pl. 1C; Fig. 3A [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 112; ref. 11897] North of eastern end of Sandy Cay, Bahamas, 25°06'48"N, 77°13'26"W. Holotype: ANSP 93030. Paratypes: ANSP (60, 18 lots), UF [ex UMML] (now 24, 11 lots), UMMZ (8 lots). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:105 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Coryphopterus dicrus Böhlke & Robins 1960 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:243 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1994:160 [ref. 24488], Randall 1995:796 [ref. 22357], Guimarães 1996:64 [ref. 22515], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:167 [ref. 27754], Rocha & Rosa 2001:992 [ref. 25909], Thacker & Cole 2002:837 [ref. 26548], Collette et al. 2003:122 [ref. 26784], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1793 [ref. 27111], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:98 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:59 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:170 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:679 [ref. 28815], Baldwin et al. 2009:127 [ref. 30559], Van Tassell 2011:140 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:175 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:76 [ref. 33341], Baldwin & Robertson 2015:138 [ref. 33884], Robertson et al. 2016:147 [ref. 34961]). Current status: Valid as Coryphopterus dicrus Böhlke & Robins 1960. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

digueti, Gobiosoma Pellegrin [J.] 1901:165 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 7 (no. 4); ref. 14764] Gulf of California, Mexico. Syntypes: MNHN 1901-0294 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:24 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Elacatinus digueti (Pellegrin 1901) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:261 [ref. 22193], Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1134 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:167 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:556 [ref. 24023], Thomson et al. 2000:235 [ref. 25640], Hoese & Reader 2001:161 [ref. 26035], Nelson et al. 2004:171 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:176 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Tigrigobius digueti (Pellegrin 1901) -- (Van Tassell 2011:156 [ref. 31732], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:149 [ref. 34871]). Current status: Valid as Tigrigobius digueti (Pellegrin 1901). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California and Mexico. Habitat: marine.

dilepis, Garmannia (Tigrigobius) Robins [C. R.] & Böhlke [J. E.] 1964:3, Fig. 2 [Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 364; ref. 3359] Northwestern end of Conception Island, Bahamas, depth 25 feet. Holotype: ANSP 100815. Paratypes: ANSP 100816 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:105 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Gobiosoma dilepis (Robins & Böhlke 1964) -- (Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:167 [ref. 27754] as dilepsis Böhlke & Robins 1968, Rüber et al. 2003:1597 [ref. 26969]). •Valid as Elacatinus dilepis (Robins & Böhlke 1964) -- (Hoese & Reader 2001:157 [ref. 26035], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1793 [ref. 27111]). •Valid as Tigrigobius dilepis (Robins & Böhlke 1964) -- (Smith et al. 2003:65 [ref. 27621], Van Tassell 2011:156 [ref. 31732], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:80 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Tigrigobius dilepis (Robins & Böhlke 1964). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

dimetrodon, Lentipes Watson [R. E.] & Allen [G. R.] 1999:115, Fig. 2 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 3 (no. 3); ref. 24140] Omamerwai Creek, Irian Jaya, Indonesia, 2°25'S, 140°24'E. Holotype: MZB 8001. Paratypes: MZB 8002 (1), WAM P.31059-003 [not -002] (4). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:44 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Lentipes dimetrodon Watson & Allen 1999 -- (Allen 2001:123 [ref. 25303], Larson & Murdy 2001:3602 [ref. 26293], Watson et al. 2002:176 [ref. 26364], Watson & Kottelat 2006:121 [ref. 28766], Lynch et al. 2013:173 [ref. 32779], Keith et al. 2014:138 [ref. 33420], Keith et al. 2015:56 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Lentipes dimetrodon Watson & Allen 1999. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Papua, Indonesia [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

dimorpha, Grallenia Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2017:26, Figs. 3B, 5B, 7-11 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 27; ref. 35533] Papua New Guinea, West New Britain Province, White Island, 6°15.856’S, 150°28.224’E, depth 14-18 meters. Holotype: WAM P.34659-001. Paratypes: USNM, WAM. Plus additional non-type specimens. •Valid as Grallenia dimorpha Allen & Erdmann 2017. Current status: Valid as Grallenia dimorpha Allen & Erdmann 2017. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

dinah, Lubricogobius Randall [J. E.] & Senou [H.] 2001:5, Figs. 1-4 [Ichthyological Research v. 48 (no. 1); ref. 25241] Nagura Bay, Osaki, Ishigaki, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, depth 36 meters. Holotype: KPM-NI 3810. Paratypes: BPBM 36311 (1), NSMT-P 55581 (1), USNM 350548 (1). Name is a noun in apposition. •Valid as Lubricogobius dinah Randall & Senou 2001 -- (Prokofiev 2009:418 [ref. 30222], Allen & Erdmann 2012:926 [ref. 31980], Allen 2015:7 [ref. 34133], Allen & Erdmann 2016:31 [ref. 34937]). Current status: Valid as Lubricogobius dinah Randall & Senou 2001. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Ryukyu Islands, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

dionaea, Akko Birdsong [R. S.] & Robins [C. R.] 1995:676, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1995 (no. 3); ref. 21667] Amapa Province east of Ilha de Maracá, Brazil, 2°32'N, 49°57'W, depth 20 meters. Holotype: USNM 329524. Paratypes: ANSP 171906 (4), KU 23425 (4), USNM 329525 (6). Spelled dionea in original abstract; named after the plant genus Dionaea, so that spelling is used: Van Tassell & Baldwin 2004:2 [ref. 27546] serve as first revisers if needed, selecting dionaea. •Valid as Akko dionaea Birdsong & Robins 1995 -- (Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27192], Van Tassell & Baldwin 2004:2 [ref. 27546], Acero P. et al. 2005:135 [ref. 28151], Van Tassell 2011:167 [ref. 31732], Van Tassell et al. 2012:88 [ref. 31948]). Current status: Valid as Akko dionaea Birdsong & Robins 1995. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Brazil and Colombia. Habitat: marine.

diproctotaenia, Cryptocentrus Bleeker [P.] 1876:143 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 9; ref. 449] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 4514 (2). •Valid as Cryptocentrus diproctotaenia Bleeker 1876 -- (Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Larson & Murdy 2001:3596 [ref. 26293], Hoese & Larson 2004:168 [ref. 28074]). Current status: Valid as Cryptocentrus diproctotaenia Bleeker 1876. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

dipus, Ancistrogobius Shibukawa [K.], Yoshino [T.] & Allen [G. R.] 2010:75, Figs. 2A, 3A, 4A, 5 [Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science (Ser. A) Supplement No. 4; ref. 30807] Funauki Bay, Iriomote-jima Island, Yaeyama Group, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, depth 35 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 97981. Paratypes: KPM-NI 5722 (1); URM-P 4682 (1); WAM-P.30896-002 (1), 31152-002 (1), 32262-001 (2), 32537-001 (1). •Valid as Ancistrogobius dipus Shibukawa, Yoshino & Allen 2010 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:958 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:158 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Ancistrogobius dipus Shibukawa, Yoshino & Allen 2010. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Southern Japan, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Indonesia, Micronesia and Australia. Habitat: marine.

dipus, Periophthalmus Bleeker [P.] 1854:320 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 16935] Tjiringin; Padang, western Sumatra, Indonesia; Larantuka, eastern Flores, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 4593 (10 of 19). •Synonym of Periophthalmus argentilineatus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Murdy 1989:32 [ref. 13628], Randall et al. 1990:406 [ref. 15987], Kottelat et al. 1993:148 [ref. 23448]). •Synonym of Periophthalmus kalolo Lesson 1931 -- (Kottelat 2013:419 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Periophthalmus kalolo Lesson 1831. Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

disalvoi, Kelloggella Randall [J. E.] 2009:181, Figs. 5-6 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 15 (no. 4); ref. 30557] Easter Island, west coast between Hanga Roa and Hango Pico, tide pools, depth 0.3 -1 meter. Holotype: BPBM 6742. Paratypes: AMNH 12990 (1); BPBM 6741 (1), 39367 (2), 40984 (1); MCZ 29400 (1), 29614 (4); MNHNC P.7429 (1); USNM 65548 (5). •Valid as Kelloggella disalvoi Randall 2009. Current status: Valid as Kelloggella disalvoi Randall 2009. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Easter Island. Habitat: marine.

discordipinnis, Sicyopus Watson [R. E.] 1995:273, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 21888] Letak Creek, 25 kilometers southeast of Wewak, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: WAM P.27834-004. Paratypes: NMBA 5075 (1); WAM P.27834-005 (2), 28167-001 (6). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:45 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Sicyopus discordipinnis Watson 1995 -- (Watson 1999:103 [ref. 24143], Watson & Allen 1999:114 [ref. 24140], Larson & Murdy 2001:3603 [ref. 26293], Watson & Kottelat 2006:121 [ref. 28766], Keith et al. 2011:2726 [ref. 31651], Kottelat 2013:429 [ref. 32989], Keith et al. 2014:174 [ref. 33540], Keith et al. 2015:144 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Sicyopus discordipinnis Watson 1995. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Papua, Papua New Guinea, New Hannover and Bougainville Islands, north Queensland (Australia) and Solomon Islands [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

discotorquatus, Stiphodon Watson [R. E.] 1995:39, Fig. 3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 21672] Rurutu Island, Tubuai, Austral Islands [Tubuai Islands], French Polynesia. Holotype: MNHN 1994-0048. Paratypes: MNHN 1989-1767 (1), 1994-0049 (2). •Valid as Stiphodon discotorquatus Watson 1995 -- (Watson 1998:76 [ref. 23640], Marquet et al. 1999:43 [ref. 23934], Keith et al. 2002:148 [ref. 31473], Keith et al. 2002:163 [ref. 26365], Keith et al. 2010:327 [ref. 30747], Keith et al. 2015:190 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Stiphodon discotorquatus Watson 1995. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Austral Islands and Cook Islands [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

discus, Bryaninops Suzuki [T.], Bogorodsky [S. Y.] & Randall [J. E.] 2012:2, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 3170; ref. 31776] Saunder's Reef, 17°10'N, 39°23'E, on a sea whip, Suakin Archiperlago, Sudan, Red Sea, depth 16 meters. Holotype: BPBM 35695. Paratypes: BPBM 35724 (2), USNM 398716 (1). •Valid as Bryaninops discus Suzuki, Bogorodsky & Randall 2012. Current status: Valid as Bryaninops discus Suzuki, Bogorodsky & Randall 2012. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea. Habitat: marine.

dispar, Gobius Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1868:264 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1868; ref. 3442] Lake Buhi and Lake Batu, Kolabos and Lebmanan brooks, Albay Province Luzon Island, Philippines. Syntypes: (several) ?BMNH 1868.7.10.? (4); ZMB 6700 (11), 6702-03 (8, 4) Batu, 6737-38 (2) Buhi. •Valid as Redigobius dispar (Peters 1868) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:151 [ref. 23448], Larson 2001:207 [ref. 25522], Larson 2010:150 [ref. 30783], Kottelat 2013:423 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Redigobius dispar (Peters 1868). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

dispar, Platygobiopsis Prokofiev [A. M.] 2008:853, Figs. 1-3 [Journal of Ichthyology v. 48 (no. 10); ref. 29937] Southeast coast between Van Phong and Nha Trang bays, 12°35'044" - 12°29'972"N, 109°30'004" - 109°30'018"E, Khanhoa Province, Vietnam, South China Sea, depth 97-119 meters. Holotype: ZMMU P-12658. Paratypes: ZMMU P-21659 (2), P-21660 (1). •Valid as Platygobiopsis dispar Prokofiev 2008 -- (Shibukawa 2010:97 [ref. 30809], Prokofiev 2016:650 [ref. 35020]). Current status: Valid as Platygobiopsis dispar Prokofiev 2008. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Off Vietnam, South China Sea. Habitat: marine.

disrupta, Eviota Karnella [S. J.] & Lachner [E. A.] 1981:266, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 94 (no. 1); ref. 8583] South edge of Passe Teavanui, Bora Bora, Society Islands. Holotype: USNM 220912. Paratypes: (181) AMNH 39133 (100); AMS I.21421-001 (5); ANSP 143060 (5); BPBM 22891 (5); CAS 45395 (5); USNM 220567 (60). Additional material: CAS 45397 (1), 45401 (4), 45409 (2), 45410-11 (1, 2), 45414 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:105 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Eviota disrupta Karnella & Lachner 1981 -- (Fricke 1998:4 [ref. 23756], Randall et al. 2004:27 [ref. 27624], Gill & Jewett 2004:239 [ref. 27775], Randall 2005:530 [ref. 28239], Greenfield & Randall 2010:272 [ref. 30765], Hoese & Stewart 2012:66 [ref. 32113], Tornabene et al. 2013:2 [ref. 32884], Greenfield & Jewett 2014:58 [ref. 33326], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:50 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota disrupta Karnella & Lachner 1981. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

distigma, Eviota Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:389, Fig. 79 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Pago Pago, Tutuila Island, American Samoa. Lectotype: CAS-SU 8710. Paralectotypes: USNM 51767 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:106 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype selected by Lachner & Karnella 1978:7 [ref. 8814]. •Synonym of Eviota abax (Jordan & Snyder 1901) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:342 [ref. 7348]). •Valid as Eviota distigma Jordan & Seale 1906 -- (Dor 1984:244 [ref. 29757], Shimada & Yoshino 1993:2 [ref. 24324], Goren & Dor 1994:64 [ref. 25356], Myers 1999:253 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:508 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:1178 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3596 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1178 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:58 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S119 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:644 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:27 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3328 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:530 [ref. 28239], Herler & Hilgers 2005:109 [ref. 28528], Hoese & Larson 2006:1643 [ref. 29097], Fricke et al. 2009:100 [ref. 30213], Greenfield & Randall 2010:271 [ref. 30765], Motomura et al. 2010:209 [ref. 31256], Hoese & Stewart 2012:66 [ref. 32113], Allen & Erdmann 2012:913 [ref. 31980], Greenfield et al. 2014:487 [ref. 33193], Greenfield & Jewett 2014:58 [ref. 33326], Fricke et al. 2014:163 [ref. 33932], Greenfield & Randall 2016:32, 37 [ref. 34356], Greenfield & Jewett 2016:599 [ref. 34594], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:52 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota distigma Jordan & Seale 1906. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa. Habitat: marine.

djiddensis, Gobius Bonnaterre [J. P.] (ex Forsskål) 1788:64 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. No types known. Based on Gobius anguillaris (non Linnaeus 1758) of Forsskål 1775:x, 23 [ref. 1351]. Not used as valid after 1899; therefore reversal of priority in favor of Gobius arabicus Gmelin 1789 is followed (Art. 23.9).-- (Fricke 2008:53 [ref. 30182]). •In the synonymy of Cryptocentrus arabicus (Gmelin 1789) -- (Fricke 2008:53 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Synonym of Cryptocentroides arabicus (Gmelin 1789). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

dolichocephalus, Gobius Cope [E. D.] 1867:403 [Transactions of the American Philosophical Society (New Series) v. 13 (pt 3) (art. 13); ref. 18027] Near Orizaba, Veracruz, Mexico. No types known. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:106 [ref. 13621] as none at ANSP. •Synonym of Awaous banana (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Watson 1996:3 [ref. 22211], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:658 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Awaous banana (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

dolichognathus, Gobius Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1879:108 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1879; ref. 21467] Japan. Syntypes: ZMB 10651, 10654. •Valid as Chasmichthys dolichognathus (Hilgendorf 1879) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:386 [ref. 7348], Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:275 [ref. 6441], Shimizu 2001:39 [ref. 25799], Youn 2002:399, 659 [ref. 26218]). •Synonym of Chaenogobius annularis Gill 1859 -- (Stevenson 2000:835 [ref. 24583], Stevenson 2002:259 [ref. 26489]). Current status: Synonym of Chaenogobius annularis Gill 1859. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dollfusi, Vanneaugobius Brownell [C. L.] 1978:136, Figs. 1-2, 4 [Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa v. 43 (pt 2); ref. 670] Off Agadir, Morocco, 30°27'40"N, 9°52'40"W, depth 110 meters. Holotype: Inst. Scient. Chérifien, Rabat [ISC] 126.001. Paratypes: ISC 126.002 (1). •Synonym of Vanneaugobius pruvoti (Fage 1907) -- (Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1083 [ref. 13677]). •Valid as Vanneaugobius dollfusi Brownell 1978 -- (Van Tassell et al. 1988:550 [ref. 16289], Miller 1990:948 [ref. 19376], Ahnelt & Dorda 2004:13 [ref. 27637], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:188 [ref. 31737], Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2841 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Vanneaugobius dollfusi Brownell 1978. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

dori, Callogobius Goren [M.] 1980:210, Figs. 1-4 [Israel Journal of Zoology v. 28 (no. 4) (for 1979); ref. 8716] Suakin, Red Sea State, Sudan, Red Sea. Holotype: BMNH 1978.9.8.7. Paratypes: BMNH 1978.9.8.8-11 (4); TAU [= SMNHTAU] 5378 (1), 7238 (1), 7456 (1). •Valid as Callogobius dori Goren 1980 -- (Dor 1984:241 [ref. 29757], Goren et al. 1991:299 [ref. 19765], Chen & Shao 2000:459 [ref. 24425], Delventhal & Mooi 2013:156 [ref. 32677], Delventhal & Mooi 2014:147 [ref. 33337], Delventhal et al. 2016:236 [ref. 34863]). Current status: Valid as Callogobius dori Goren 1980. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea and Western Indian Ocean (Seychelles). Habitat: marine.

doriae, Gobius Günther [A.] 1868:265 [1], Pl. 12 (fig. A) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 1 (no. 4) (art. 34); ref. 14074] Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Syntypes: BMNH 1868.1.28.17-19 (3), MSNG 12657 (2), ZMB 6790 (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:343 [ref. 10350]. On p. 1 of separate. •Valid as Brachygobius doriae (Günther 1868) -- (Miller 1989:380 [ref. 13540], Roberts 1989:167 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:143 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:247 [ref. 23210], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Larson 2001:51 [ref. 25522], Doi et al. 2001:16 [ref. 25691], Larson & Murdy 2001:3600 [ref. 26293], Tan & Lim 2004:111 [ref. 27716], Larson et al. 2008:141 [ref. 29532], Kottelat 2013:403 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Brachygobius doriae (Günther 1868). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western Borneo and Natuna Island. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

dormitoris, Luciogobius Shiogaki [M.] & Dotsu [Y.] 1976:127, Figs. 3-4 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 23 (no. 3); ref. 7391] Sashiu Harbor, Usuki City, Oita Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): NSMT-P 45176 [ex FNU 101038]. •Valid as Luciogobius dormitoris Shiogaki & Dotsu 1976 -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:282 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1163 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1163 [ref. 26193], Chen et al. 2008:253 [ref. 30075], Kanagawa et al. 2011:67 [ref. 31329]). Current status: Valid as Luciogobius dormitoris Shiogaki & Dotsu 1976. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Japan. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

dorsimaculata, Eviota Tornabene [L.], Ahmadia [G. N.] & Williams [J. T.] 2013:9, 10-12 [Systematics and Biodiversity v. 11 (no. 3); ref. 32884] Paratypes: CAS, MNHN, USNM. Holotype: USNM 407437. West side of Motu One, Marquesas Islands, depth 15-30 meters. •Valid as Eviota dorsimaculata Tornabene, Ahmadia & Williams 2013 -- (Greenfield & Winterbottom 2014: 298 [ref. 33133], Greenfield et al. 2014:484 [ref. 33193], Suzuki & Greenfield 2014:35 [ref. 33412], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988], Greenfield & Jewett 2016:599 [ref. 34594], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:68 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota dorsimaculata Tornabene, Ahmadia & Williams 2013. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Marquesas Islands. Habitat: marine.

dorsogilva, Eviota Greenfield [D. W.] & Randall [J. E.] 2011:56, Figs. 5-9, 11-12, 14-15 [Zootaxa No. 2997; ref. 31475] Viti Levu, north shore, reef east of Nananui-i-Cake reef, 17.3334°S, 178°2729°E, Fiji, depth 17-21 meters. Holotype: CAS 232705. Paratypes: BPBM 32678 (1), 38981 (2); CAS 232706 (1); KPM 3309 (1); ROM 38812 (3), 64480 (3); USNM 346520 [not 3465020] (1), 378835 (1), 379365 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Eviota dorsogilva Greenfield & Randall 2011 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:914 [ref. 31980], Greenfield et al. 2014:3 [ref. 33111], Greenfield & Tornabene 2014:139 [ref. 33294], Greenfield & Randall 2016:31, 38 [ref. 34356], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:84 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota dorsogilva Greenfield & Randall 2011. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Fiji [ref. 35011]. Was western Pacific: Australia north to Ryukyu Islands, east to Fiji, Tonga and Wallis Island. Habitat: marine.

dorsomacula, Vanderhorstia Randall [J. E.] 2007:98, Fig. 5 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 29222] Tab Island (Pig Island), 5°10.3'S, 145°50.7'E, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea, depth 25 meters. Holotype (unique): BPBM 32489. •Valid as Vanderhorstia dorsomacula Randall 2007 -- (Randall 2008:300 [ref. 29721], Allen & Erdmann 2012:889 [ref. 31980], Suzuki & Chen 2014:207 [ref. 33152], Fricke et al. 2014:177 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Vanderhorstia dorsomacula Randall 2007. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, New Britain and Palau and Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dorsopurpurea, Eviota Greenfield [D. W.] & Randall [J. E.] 2011:59, Figs. 2-4,16-18 [Zootaxa No. 2997; ref. 31475] East end of Milne Bay, Sullivan's Patches, 10.3600°S, 150.7250°E, Papua New Guinea, depth 26 meters. Holotype: BPBM 36217. Paratypes: BPBM 36917 (1), CAS 232707 (1), USNM 400921 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Eviota dorsopurpurea Greenfield & Randall 2011 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:914 [ref. 31980], Greenfield et al. 2014:3 [ref. 33111], Greenfield & Tornabene 2014:139 [ref. 33294], Tornabene et al. 2016:1829 [ref. 34439], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:84 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota dorsopurpurea Greenfield & Randall 2011. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea and D'Entrecasteaux Islands. Habitat: marine.

dorsostigma, Tomiyamichthys Bogorodsky [S. V.], Kovačić [M.] & Randall [J. E.] 2011:214, Figs. 1-2 [Cybium v. 35 (no. 3); ref. 31666] Gulf of Aqaba, Fjord, 18 km south of Eilat, Red Sea. Holotype: USNM 399267. Paratypes: BPBM 21861 (1). •Valid as Tomiyamichthys dorsostigma Bogorodsky, Kovačić & Randall 2011 -- (Allen 2015:79 [ref. 33923], Hoese et al. 2016:583 [ref. 34210]). Current status: Valid as Tomiyamichthys dorsostigma Bogorodsky, Kovačić & Randall 2011. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Habitat: marine.

dorsovittata, Hetereleotris Kovačić [M.] & Bogorodsky [S. V.] in Kovačić, Bogorodsky & Mal 2014:120, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 3846 (no. 1); ref. 33446] Saudi Arabia, Farasan Archipelago, Farasan Island, 16°43.083'N, 42°03.934'E, Red Sea, depth 1 meter. Holotype (unique): SMF 35229. •Valid as Hetereleotris dorsovittata Kovačić & Bogorodsky 2014. Current status: Valid as Hetereleotris dorsovittata Kovačić & Bogorodsky 2014. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea. Habitat: marine.

dotui, Ctenogobius Takagi [K.] 1957:109, Pl. 5 (fig. c); Fig. 3 [Journal of the Tokyo University of Fisheries v. 43 (no. 1); ref. 4310] Brackish estuary of Rokkaku River, Ariake-no-Umi, Saga Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: LFBKU. Paratypes: (4) LFBKU. •Valid as Silhouettea dotui (Takagi 1957) -- (Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:254 [ref. 6441], Larson & Miller 1986:117 [ref. 5803], Miller 1988:264 [ref. 26483], Nakabo 2000:1239 [ref. 25182], Shimizu 2001:41 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:1239 [ref. 26193], Randall 2008:297 [ref. 29721], Matsui et al. 2014:7 [ref. 33344]). Current status: Valid as Silhouettea dotui (Takagi 1957). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

douglasi, Gobius Saville-Kent [W.] 1893:310, Pl. 16 (fig. 12) [The Great Barrier Reef of Australia; its products and potentialites; ref. 13269] Queensland, Australia. No types known. •Synonym of Gobiodon histrio (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Hoese & Larson 2006:1656 [ref. 29097]). •Synonym of Gobiodon erythrospilus Bleeker 1875 -- (Shibukawa et al. 2013:153 [ref. 32951]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiodon erythrospilus Bleeker 1875. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

downingi, Amblyeleotris Randall [J. E.] 1994:318, Pls. 1-4 [Fauna of Saudi Arabia v. 14; ref. 21639] East side of Kubbar Island, Persian Gulf, Kuwait, depth 13.2 meters. Holotype: BPBM 33229. Paratypes: BPBM 34463 (1), USNM 269989 (1). •Valid as Amblyeleotris downingi Randall 1994 -- (Randall 1995:325 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:213 [ref. 23922], Randall & Kunzmann 1998:481 [ref. 23919], Aonuma et al. 2000:117 [ref. 24522], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Chen et al. 2006:2565 [ref. 29024], Shibukawa 2009:260 [ref. 30449], Allen & Erdmann 2012:862 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Amblyeleotris downingi Randall 1994. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Persain Gulf, East Andaman Sea and western Sumatra. Habitat: marine.

dracula, Stonogobiops Polunin [N. V. C.] & Lubbock [R.] 1977:74, Figs. 6-7 [Journal of Zoology (London) v. 183 (pt 1); ref. 3540] Baie Ternay, Mahé, Seychelles, western Indian Ocean, depth about 20 meters. Holotype: BMNH 1975.5.5.18. Paratypes: BMNH 1975.5.5.19 (1), BPBM 18079 (1). •Valid as Stonogobiops dracula Polunin & Lubbock 1977 -- (Hoese & Randall 1982:5 [ref. 5297], Randall & Goren 1993:21 [ref. 21131], Iwata & Hirata 1994:189 [ref. 21443], Myers 1999:241 [ref. 23965], Yoshino & Shimada 2001:408 [ref. 25786]). Current status: Valid as Stonogobiops dracula Polunin & Lubbock 1977. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Seychelles, Réunion (western Mascarenes), Maldives. Habitat: marine.

dubius, Coryphopterus Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:210, Fig. 30 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 13; ref. 4122] Mahé, Seychelles, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 210. •Valid as Caffrogobius dubius (Smith 1959) -- (Randall 1995:795 [ref. 22357], Goren 1996:19 [ref. 24415], Schliewen 2011:215 [ref. 31738] with genus uncertain). Current status: Valid as Caffrogobius dubius (Smith 1959). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocan: Seychelles (holotype). Habitat: marine.

duospilus, Ctenogobius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:286 [Hong Kong Naturalist v. 6 (nos 3-4); ref. 13700] Brook in hills of the New Territory, Hong Kong. Holotype: CAS-SU 30955. Paratypes: CAS-SU 16965 (1). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:149 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:110 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Ctenogobius duospilus Herre 1935 -- (Wu in Pan et al. 1991:482 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:182 [ref. 25213]). •Valid as Rhinogobius duospilus (Herre 1935) -- (Kottelat 2001:61 [ref. 25482], Chen & Kottelat 2005:1407 [ref. 28141], Huang & Chen 2007:102 [ref. 29017], Chen et al. 2008:342 [ref. 29895], Li & Zhong 2009:330 [ref. 30205], Kottelat 2013:424 [ref. 32989], Huang et al. 2016:[9] [ref. 34339], Zhang et al. 2016:202 [ref. 34477], Takahashi & Okazaki 2017:[2] [ref. 35171], Suzuki et al. 2017:81 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Valid as Rhinogobius duospilus (Herre 1935). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Hong Kong and Guangdong province, China. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

duospilus, Fusigobius Hoese [D. F.] & Reader [S.] 1985:2, Figs. 1-2 [The J.L.B Smith Institute of Ichthyology Special Publication No. 36; ref. 8155] Escape Reef, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia, depth 19-22 meters. Holotype: AMS I.22619-026. Paratypes: AMS (30 lots, 129); ANSP (2 lots, 16); BPBM 21826 (4), 30334 (2); QM I.21259 (1); ROM (3 lots, 8); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] (3 lots, 6); UGM (1); USNM 243123 (7), 263427 (1), 263459 (2), 263583 (1); WAM (10 lots, 15 spec.). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:39 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:44 [ref. 30117], Ho & Shao 2011:56 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Coryphopterus duospilus (Hoese & Reader 1985) -- (Randall 1995:797 [ref. 22357], Randall et al. 1997:529 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:250 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:504 [ref. 24106], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Randall & Earle 2000:19 [ref. 25806], Randall 2001:208 [ref. 25665], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Myers & Donaldson 2003:644 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:76 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:27 [ref. 27624], Greenfield & Randall 2004:517 [ref. 28175], Randall 2005:524 [ref. 28239], Randall 2007:398 [ref. 30952]). •Valid as Fusigobius duospilus Hoese & Reader 1985 -- (Hoese 1986:789 [ref. 5670], Hoese & Obika 1988:286 [ref. 12745], Allen & Swainston 1988:134 [ref. 25477], Randall & Goren 1993:12 [ref. 21131], Allen 1997:216 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:129 [ref. 22867], Chen & Shao 1997:90 [ref. 23347], Nakabo 2000:1247 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:120 [ref. 25868], Larson & Murdy 2001:3597 [ref. 26293] as duospilos, Nakabo 2002:1247 [ref. 26193], Thacker & Cole 2002:839 [ref. 26548], Allen & Adrim 2003:58 [ref. 26830], Mundy 2005:475 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Larson 2006:1651 [ref. 29097], Motomura et al. 2010:212 [ref. 31256], Motomura et al. 2010:212 [ref. 31256], Ho & Shao 2011:56 [ref. 31432], Allen & Erdmann 2012:970 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:165 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988], Motomura et al. 2015:29 [ref. 34709]). Current status: Valid as Fusigobius duospilus Hoese & Reader 1985. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Seychelles, Comores and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Hawaiian Islands and Marquesas Islands, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Lord Howe Island, New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

duospilus, Stigmatogobius Fowler [H. W.] 1953:387, Fig. 2 [Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 81 (pt 3); ref. 1464] Pool at edge of swamp near Voh, New Caledonia. Holotype (unique): ANSP 71970. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:106 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Mugilogobius duospilus (Fowler 1953) -- (Allen 1991:189 [ref. 21090]). •Synonym of Mugilogobius notospilus (Günther 1877) -- (Larson 2001:154 [ref. 25522], Larson 2005:348 [ref. 28521], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:351 [ref. 28867]). Current status: Synonym of Mugilogobius notospilus (Günther 1877). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

dupliciporus, Pseudogobius Prokofiev [A. M.] 2007:147, Figs. 20-24 [Aktual'nie Problemi Sovremennoi Nauki no. 1 (art. 34); ref. 34653] Hainan Island, Sanya, China. Holotype (unique): ZIN 53476. •Valid as Pseudogobius dupliciporus Prokofiev 2007. Current status: Valid as Pseudogobius dupliciporus Prokofiev 2007. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Hainan Island, China. Habitat: freshwater.

duque, Mahidolia Smith [J. L. B.] 1947:812 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 13 (no. 108) (art. 77); ref. 4073] Inhaca Island, Delagoa Bay, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 262. •Synonym of Waitea mystacina (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Maugé 1986:386 [ref. 6218]). •Synonym of Mahidolia mystacina (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Hoese 1986:794 [ref. 5670], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:351 [ref. 28867], Larson et al. 2013:201 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:412 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mahidolia mystacina (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

durbanensis, Gobius Barnard [K. H.] 1927:70 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 20 (no. 115) (art. 8); ref. 193] Durban Bay, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAM 17356. Also appeared as new in Barnard 1927:815 [ref. 194]. •Valid as Mugilogobius durbanensis (Barnard 1927) -- (Hoese 1986:795 [ref. 5670], Maugé 1986:376 [ref. 6218], Huang et al. 2016:13 [ref. 34500] with question). •Synonym of Mugilogobius mertoni (Weber 1911) -- (Larson 2001:143 [ref. 25522], Kottelat 2013:413 [ref. 32989], Huang et al. 2013:101 [ref. 33734]). Current status: Synonym of Mugilogobius mertoni (Weber 1911). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

durrelli, Benthophilus Boldyrev [V. S.] & Bogutskaya [N. G.] 2004:130, Fig. 1 [Zoosystematica Rossica v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 28099] Tsimlyansk Reservoir, Lower Don River, Russia. Holotype: ZISP [= ZIN 53211]. Paratypes: ZIN 9972 (7), 10167 (7), 44445 (5), 44449 (1), 53212 (4), 53213 (4), 53214 (23), 53215 (25). •Valid as Benthophilus durrelli Boldyrev & Bogutskaya 2004 -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:216 [ref. 28183], Boldyrev & Bogutskaya 2007:53 [ref. 29150], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:557 [ref. 29996], Neilson & Stepien 2009:96 [ref. 30497], Freyhof 2011:282 [ref. 31742]). •Synonym of Benthophilus stellatus (Sauvage 1874) -- (Parin et al. 2015:478 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Benthophilus durrelli Boldyrev & Bogutskaya 2004. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Sea of Azov basin; introduced into the Volga River. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

dussumieri, Boleophthalmus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:207, Pl. 354 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Mumbai, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1468. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:19 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Boleophthalmus dussumieri Valenciennes 1837 -- (Murdy 1989:17 [ref. 13628], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:954 [ref. 20764], Coad 1991:22 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:30 [ref. 23608], Randall 1995:329 [ref. 22896], Coad 1996:6 [ref. 23831], Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Carpenter et al. 1997:213 [ref. 23922], Coad 1998:103 [ref. 23869], Rafique 2000:327 [ref. 25220], Mirza 2003:23 [ref. 27265], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Khan 2003:10 [ref. 27710] in Boleopthalmus, Esmaeili et al. 2010:377 [ref. 33391], Murdy 2011:104 [ref. 31728], Polgar et al. 2013:319 [ref. 32496], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:898 [ref. 34062], Psomadakis et al. 2015:302 [ref. 34104], Esmaeili et al. 2015:123 [ref. 35030], Esmaeili et al. 2017:82 [ref. 35254]). Current status: Valid as Boleophthalmus dussumieri Valenciennes 1837. Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Distribution: Northern Indian Ocean: Arabian Sea and Persian Gulf. Habitat: brackish, marine.

earlei, Bryaninops Suzuki [T.] & Randall [J. E.] 2014:17, Figs. 5-7 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 20 (no. 1); ref. 33142] D'Entrecasteaux Islands, Normanby Island, Bunama, 10°08'36"N, 151°09"18"E, Papua New Guinea, depth 4-5 meters. Holotype: BPBM 36972. Paratypes: BPBM 36954 (1), NSMT-P 114576 (4), USNM 410094 (3). •Valid as Bryaninops earlei Suzuki & Randall 2014. Current status: Valid as Bryaninops earlei Suzuki & Randall 2014. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

ebriosus, Gobius Parr [A. E.] 1930:119, Fig. 32 [Bulletin of the Bingham Oceanographic Collection Yale University v. 3 (art. 4); ref. 3370] Rum Cay, Bahamas. Holotype: YPM 2614. Paratypes: YPM 2615 (3, 1 c&s). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:12 [ref. 16741]. •Synonym of Priolepis hipoliti (Metzelaar 1922) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data, Hoese et al. 2015:539 [ref. 33990]). Current status: Synonym of Priolepis hipoliti (Metzelaar 1922). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

echinocephalus, Gobius Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1830:136, Pl. 34 (fig. 3) [Atlas zu der Reise im nördlichen Africa. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3843] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Syntypes or possible types: BMNH 1860.12.3.2-3 (2); SMF 1722 (6); ZMB 2087-89 (1, 1, 1), 6553 (1), 15589 (1). Also in Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:134 [ref. 1006]. •Valid as Paragobiodon echinocephalus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Dor 1984:249 [ref. 29757], Yoshino & Yamamoto in Masuda et al. 1984:266 [ref. 6441], Maugé 1986:379 [ref. 6218], Hoese 1986:798 [ref. 5670], Allen & Swainston 1988:136 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:405 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:65 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:218 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:369 [ref. 23967], Randall et al. 1997:405 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:257 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:518 [ref. 24106], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:639 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1185 [ref. 25182], Randall & Earle 2000:19 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:121 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3598 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1185 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:59 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:645 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:28 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:544 [ref. 28239], Herler & Hilgers 2005:123 [ref. 28528], Hoese & Larson 2006:1671 [ref. 29097], Larson et al. 2008:150 [ref. 29532], Fricke et al. 2009:102 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:216 [ref. 31256], Suzuki & Randall 2011:155 [ref. 31616], Allen & Erdmann 2012:902 [ref. 31980]. Larson et al. 2013:203 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:169 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988] dated 1828, Prokofiev 2016:652 [ref. 35020]). Current status: Valid as Paragobiodon echinocephalus (Rüppell 1830). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Tuamotu Archipelago and Marquesas Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island, and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

edwardi, Apocryptodon Fowler [H. W.] 1937:257 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Bangkok, Thailand. Holotype (unique): ANSP 60019. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:106, 110 [ref. 13621]. Replacement name for Boleophthalmus taylori Fowler 1934, preoccupied by Apocryptodon taylori Herre 1927 when placed by Fowler (1937) in Apocryptodon. •Synonym of Pseudapocryptes lanceolatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Murdy 1989:47 [ref. 13628]). •Synonym of Pseudapocryptes elongatus (Cuvier 1816) -- (Kottelat 2013:421 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Pseudapocryptes elongatus (Cuvier 1816). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ehrenbergii, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:63 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Shipped from Alexandria, Egypt (probably originating from Red Sea?). Syntypes: MNHN 0000-1398 (2). •Valid as Gobius ehrenbergii Valenciennes 1837 -- (Miller 1973:514 [ref. 6888]). •Synonym of Istigobius ornatus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Murdy & Hoese 1985:9 [ref. 5237], Kottelat 2013:411 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Istigobius ornatus (Rüppell 1830). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

eidolon, Coryphopterus Böhlke [J. E.] & Robins [C. R.] 1960:118, Pl. 2C; Fig. 3C [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 112; ref. 11897] Off Sandy Cay, Bahamas, 25°06'48"N, 77°13'12"W, depth about 20 feet. Holotype: ANSP 93059. Paratypes: ANSP 93060-69 (1, 3, 8, 1, 15, 1, 1, 4, 3, 2); UF 204223 [ex UMML 4223] (2), 205309 [ex UMML 5309] (2), 205673 [ex UMML 5673] (1), 206643 [ex UMML 6643] (13, now 12), 206664 [ex UMML 6664] (18), 206747 [ex UMML 6747] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:106 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Coryphopterus eidolon Böhlke & Robins 1960 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:243 [ref. 23100], Randall 1995:796 [ref. 22357], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:167 [ref. 27754], Thacker & Cole 2002:837 [ref. 26548], Collette et al. 2003:122 [ref. 26784], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1793 [ref. 27111], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:98 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:59 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:170 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:680 [ref. 28815], Baldwin et al. 2009:131 [ref. 30559], Van Tassell 2011:140 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:175 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:76 [ref. 33341], Baldwin & Robertson 2015:138 [ref. 33884]). Current status: Valid as Coryphopterus eidolon Böhlke & Robins 1960. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

eigenmanni, Gobius Garman [S.] 1896:88, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Bulletin of the Laboratory of Natural Science University of Iowa v. 4; ref. 14605] Off Key West, Florida, U.S.A., depth 60 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 231318 [ex State Univ. Iowa 14965]. •Valid as Bollmannia eigenmanni (Garman 1896) -- (Boschung 1992:163 [ref. 23239], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1793 [ref. 27111], Ross & Rhode 2004:303 [ref. 27789], Nelson et al. 2004:169 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:675 [ref. 28815], Van Tassell 2011:167 [ref. 31732], Van Tassell et al. 2012:79 [ref. 31948], Page et al. 2013:175 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Bollmannia eigenmanni (Garman 1896). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

ekstromii, Gobius Günther [A.] 1861:57 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Gotha River, Sweden (stomach content). Holotype (unique): BMNH uncat. Original as ekströmii, umlaut is not corrected. •Synonym of Pomatoschistus minutus (Pallas 1770) -- (Miller 1973:506 [ref. 6888] as eckstromii, Kottelat 1997:180 [ref. 22952], Vasil'eva 1998:144 [ref. 23591] as eckstromii). Current status: Synonym of Pomatoschistus minutus (Pallas 1770). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

elapoides, Gobius Günther [A.] 1872:665, Pl. 63 (fig. D) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871 (pt 3) (art. 1) (for 21 Nov. 1871); ref. 1997] Locality unknown, probably Japan. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1872.1.29.1. •Valid as Pterogobius elapoides (Günther 1872) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:369 [ref. 7348], Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:279 [ref. 6441], Zhu 1995:184 [ref. 25213], Nakabo 2000:1209 [ref. 25182], Shinohara et al. 2000:183 [ref. 25987], Shimizu 2001:40 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:1209 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:399, 663 [ref. 26218], Akihito et al. 2008:8, 14 [ref. 30094], Shibukawa & Iwata 2013:49 [ref. 32580], Matsui et al. 2014:6 [ref. 33344]). Current status: Valid as Pterogobius elapoides (Günther 1872). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan and Korea. Habitat: marine.

elasson, Lythrypnus Böhlke [J. E.] & Robins [C. R.] 1960:77, Pl. 1 (C); Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 112; ref. 11896] Green Cay, Bahamas, 25°07'00"N, 77°11'15"W, depth 0-35 feet. Holotype: ANSP 92668. Paratypes: ANSP 92669-71 (1, 1, 3), 92672 (1, c&s), 92673-79 (5, 2, 3, 2, 1, 1, 6), 92885 (1), 93073 (4). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:106 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Lythrypnus elasson Böhlke & Robins 1960 -- (Collette et al. 2003:122 [ref. 26784], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1794 [ref. 27111], Smith et al. 2003:63 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:172 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:714 [ref. 28815], Van Tassell 2011:141 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:177 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:79 [ref. 33341]). Current status: Valid as Lythrypnus elasson Böhlke & Robins 1960. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

elati, Oplopomops Goren [M.] 1984:20, Figs. 1-3 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 65 (nos 1/2); ref. 5178] Off Eilat, Israel, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, depth 42-50 meters. Holotype: SMF 19424 [ex TAU [= SMNHTAU] 6585]. Paratypes: SMF 19425-26 (3, 2); TAU [= SMNHTAU] 9018 (3), 9019 (1, stained), 9020-22 (2, 1, 4). •Valid as Opua elati (Goren 1984) -- (Randall & Goren 1993:17 [ref. 21131], Goren & Dor 1994:65 [ref. 25356], Iwata et al. 1998:117 [ref. 23379], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847]). •Valid as Hazeus elati (Goren 1984) -- (Hoese & Larson 2006:1659 [ref. 29097]). Current status: Valid as Hazeus elati (Goren 1984). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Northern Red Sea endemic: Gulf of Aqaba. Habitat: marine.

elberti, Acentrogobius Popta [C. M. L.] 1921:209 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 6 (art. 15); ref. 15325] Raha, Muna Island, Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: SMF 6639 (1), 6640-41 (2). •Synonym of Drombus triangularis (Weber 1909) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:144 [ref. 23448]). •Synonym of Drombus bontii (Bleeker 1849) -- (Kottelat 2013:405 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:93 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Synonym of Drombus bontii (Bleeker 1849). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

electris, Gobius Forster [J. R.] 1795:14 [Zoologia Indica, sistens descriptiones animalium selectorum; ref. 18091] India. Name only, not available. Gobiidae.

elegans, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:58 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Java, Indonesia; Vanikoro, Santa Cruz Islands; New Guinea; Mumbai, India. Syntypes: MNHN A-1401 (1, primary specimen) Java, A.1398 (1) Mumbai, A-1399 (2) New Guinea; RMNH 1873 (1) Java, 1851 (5). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:31 [ref. 19958] as holotype and paratypes. •Synonym of Istigobius ornatus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Murdy & Hoese 1985:9 [ref. 5237], Maugé 1986:374 [ref. 6218], Kottelat 2013:411 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Istigobius ornatus (Rüppell 1830). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

elegans, Sicydium Steindachner [F.] 1879:152 [34] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 80 (nos 1-2); ref. 4229] Society Islands. Lectotype: NMW 57852-2. Paralectotypes: NMW 57858-1 (1), 57858-3 (1), 57858-4 (1). On p. 34 of separate. Lectotype selected by Watson 1995:42 [ref. 21672]. •Valid as Stiphodon elegans (Steindachner 1879) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:285 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:635 [ref. 25598], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:495 [ref. 23876], Maugé et al. 1992:225 [ref. 19910], Parenti & Maciolek 1993:968 [ref. 21279], Kottelat et al. 1993:154 [ref. 23448], Watson & Kottelat 1995:1 [ref. 21671], Watson 1998:76 [ref. 23640], Marquet et al. 1999:43 [ref. 23934], Buden et al. 2001:7 [ref. 25496], Larson & Murdy 2001:3603 [ref. 26293] dated 1859, Keith et al. 2002:146 [ref. 31473], Keith et al. 2002:163 [ref. 26365], Maeda & Saeki 2013:216 [ref. 33022], Maeda et al. 2015:256 [ref. 33999], Keith et al. 2015:192 [ref. 34328], Miesen et al. 2016:95 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Stiphodon elegans (Steindachner 1879). Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Fiji to Austral Islands [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

elegans, Stigmatogobius Larson [H. K.] 2005:354, Figs. 5-6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 16 (no. 4); ref. 28521] Dry seasonal pool, 2 meters deep, separated from main channel of Imurung River, Barrio San Miguel, Cagayan Province, Luzon, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 314469. Paratypes: NTM 15807-001 (2, c&s); USNM 314213 (41), 376152 (29). •Valid as Stigmatogobius elegans Larson 2005 -- (Kottelat 2013:430 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Stigmatogobius elegans Larson 2005. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Luzon, Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

elegans, Valenciennesia Bleeker [P.] 1872:152 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 4; ref. 431] China. No types known. Based on a painting. Gobiidae.

eleotrioides, Gobius Bleeker [P.] 1849:25 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [6]; ref. 319] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4539 (1 of 4). RMNH 4539 contains the probable holotype. •Synonym of Psammogobius biocellatus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:421 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Psammogobius biocellatus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

eleotris, Gobius Linnaeus [C.] 1758:263 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] China. Syntypes: ?ZMUU Linn. Coll. 105 (1). Type catalog: Wheeler 1991:185-186, Fig. 23 [ref. 20102]. Also appeared in Linnaeus 1759:250 [ref. 24770]. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae.

ellioti, Eleotris Day [F.] 1888:262 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1888 (pt 3) (art. 4) (for 1 May 1888); ref. 14480] Madras, India. Holotype (unique): lost (poor condition originally). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762]. •Synonym of Valenciennea wardii (Playfair 1867) -- (Hoese & Larson 1994:63 [ref. 12483]). Current status: Synonym of Valenciennea wardii (Playfair 1867). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

ellipse, Amblyeleotris Randall [J. E.] 2004:68, Fig. 6 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 8 (no. 2); ref. 27612] Fagasa Bay, southwestern side, Tutuila, American Samoa, depth 23 meters. Holotype: BPBM 11332. Paratypes: AMS I.21994-001 (2), ASIZP 62618 (1), CAS 218423 (1), MNHN 2003-1812 (1), NSMT-P 67417 (1), ROM 73733 (1), USNM 374476 (1). •Valid as Amblyeleotris ellipse Randall 2004 -- (Randall 2005:513 [ref. 28239], Chen et al. 2006:2565 [ref. 29024]). Current status: Valid as Amblyeleotris ellipse Randall 2004. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: American Samoa. Habitat: marine.

elmeri, Gobius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1940:358, Pl. 1 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 72 (no. 4); ref. 11010] Tide pool at Nasugbu, Batangas Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 32989. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:113 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Bathygobius cocosensis (Bleeker 1854) -- (Kottelat 2013:401 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Bathygobius cocosensis (Bleeker 1854). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

elongata, Aboma Fang [P.-W.] 1942:83 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 67; ref. 13123] Chefoo, Shantung Province, China. Holotype: MNHN 1941-0175. Paratypes: MNHN 1941-0176 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:17 [ref. 19958]. Not the same as Aboma elongata Ni & Wu 1985. •Valid as Acanthogobius elongatus Fang 1942 -- (Shibukawa & Iwata 2013:46 [ref. 32580]). Current status: Valid as Acanthogobius elongatus Fang 1942. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Korean and Chinese coasts of Bojai, Yellow Sea and East China Sea. Habitat: marine.

elongata, Aboma Ni [Y.] & Wu [H.-L.] 1985:383 (English p. 387), Fig. 1 [Journal of Fisheries of China v. 9 (no. 4); ref. 17258] Nanhui, Shanghai, China (marine). Holotype: DHFRI [spec. SN-0431]. Paratypes: (5) at DHFRI and SFC. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Aboma elongata Fang 1942. •Incorrectly treated as valid as Acanthogobius elongatus (Ni & Wu 1985) -- (Kim 1997:439 [ref. 24032], Lee 2001:50 [ref. 25335], Kim & Park 2002:363 [ref. 25913]). •Incorrectly treated as valid as Acanthogobius elongata (Ni & Wu 1985) -- (Youn 2002:398, 656 [ref. 26218]). Current status: Synonym of Acanthogobius. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: China [if recognized]. Habitat: freshwater.

elongata, Pleurosicya Larson [H. K.] 1990:22, Fig. 17; Pl. 2a [The Beagle, Records of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 16607] Bootless Bay, Buna Motu, Motupore Island, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea, depth 10 meters. Holotype: NTM S.12654-001. Paratypes: AMS I.22580-029 (1), I.29786-001 (2), I.29888-001 (1); NTM S.12307-019 (2), S.12310-001 (1), S.12654-002 (4), S.12655-001 (8), S.12656-001 (3); ROM 58024 (3); USNM 210068 (2); WAM P.30053-001 (2). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:40 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:45 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Pleurosicya elongata Larson 1990 -- (Kuiter 1997:356 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:535 [ref. 25919], Anderson et al. 1998:27 [ref. 23611], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3599 [ref. 26293], Allen & Adrim 2003:60 [ref. 26830], Greenfield & Randall 2004:536 [ref. 28175], Hoese & Larson 2006:1676 [ref. 29097], Allen & Erdmann 2012:905 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:205 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:170 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Pleurosicya elongata Larson 1990. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Indian region, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Australia. Habitat: marine.

elongatus, Gobius Canestrini [G.] 1862:150, Pl. 8 (figs. 5-5d) [Archivio per la Zoologia, l'Anatomia e la Fisiologia v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 17322] Gulf of Genoa, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: (4) MSNG 12646 (1, plus 3 in different condition). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:343 [ref. 10350]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Gobius elongatus Cuvier 1816. The name elongatus Canestrini should not be used. •Synonym of Pomatoschistus minutus (Pallas 1770), [incorrectly] as a valid subspecies -- (Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1074 [ref. 13677], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:756 [ref. 24702], Vasil'eva 1998:145 [ref. 23591], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:183 [ref. 28369]). •Synonym of Pomatoschistus minutus (Pallas 1770) -- (Miller 1973:506 [ref. 6888], Kottelat 1997:180 [ref. 22952], Vasil'eva 2003:S52 [ref. 28444], Fricke et al. 2007:107 [ref. 29533], Parin et al. 2014:496 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Pomatoschistus minutus (Pallas 1770). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

elongatus, Gobius Cuvier [G.] 1816:255 [Le Règne Animal v. 2; ref. 993] Tranquebar [= Tharangambadi], India. No types known. Replacement name for Eleotris lanceolatus Bloch & Schneider 1801, preoccupied in Gobius by Gobius lanceolatus Bloch 1783. Proposed as ".--Gob. Elongatus, nob. eleotris lanceolata, Schn. Pl. 15." •Valid as Pseudapocryptes elongatus (Cuvier 1816) -- (Ferraris 1995:984 [ref. 22402], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:639 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1259 [ref. 25182], Larson & Murdy 2001:3602 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1259 [ref. 26193], Ataur Rahman 2003:317 [ref. 31338], Tan & Lim 2004:111 [ref. 27716], Larson et al. 2008:140 [ref. 29532], Murdy 2011:104 [ref. 31728], Kottelat 2013:421 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:193 [ref. 34464], Huang et al. 2014:109 [ref. 33161]). Current status: Valid as Pseudapocryptes elongatus (Cuvier 1816). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

elongatus, Luciogobius Regan [C. T.] 1905:23 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 15 (no. 85) (art. 2); ref. 3624] Inland Sea, Japan. Lectotype: BMNH 1905.6.6.445. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1905.6.6.446-453 (8), 1905.6.6.454 (1). Lectotype designation not researched, not designated here. •Synonym of Luciogobius guttatus Gill 1859 -- (Berg 1949:1124 [ref. 20662]). •Synonym of Luciogobius guttatus Gill 1859, subspecies guttatus -- (Okada 1961:686 [ref. 6363]). •Valid as Luciogobius elongatus Regan 1905 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:404 [ref. 7348], Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:282 [ref. 6441], Nakabo 2000:1164 [ref. 25182], Okiyama 2001:146 [ref. 25683], Nakabo 2002:1164 [ref. 26193], Hagiwara 2003:38 [ref. 27188], Vasil'eva 2003:S48 [ref. 28444], Chen et al. 2008:253 [ref. 30075], Kanagawa et al. 2011:67 [ref. 31329], Matsui et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33344], Parin et al. 2014:490 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Luciogobius elongatus Regan 1905. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Sea of Japan, Japan and Russia. Habitat: marine.

emblematicus, Gobius Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:330 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 1 (for 1881); ref. 2471] Panama Bay, (Pacific) Panama. Neotype: CAS-SU 33208. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:115 [ref. 12291]. Neotype designated in Ginsburg 1939:55 [ref. 12362]. •Valid as Microgobius emblematicus (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Birdsong 1981:293 [ref. 5425], Allen & Robertson 1994:268 [ref. 22193], Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1135 [ref. 22829], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:149 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:451 [ref. 24550], Nelson et al. 2004:172 [ref. 27807], Van Tassell 2011:168 [ref. 31732], Tornabene et al. 2012:41 [ref. 32138], Page et al. 2013:178 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Microgobius emblematicus (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

emeryi, Trimma Winterbottom [R.] 1985:752, Fig. 5 [Canadian Journal of Zoology v. 63 (no. 4); ref. 8123] Salomon Atoll, Chagos Archipelago, [Indian Ocean, ca. 5°20'S 72°16'E], depth 20-25 meters. Holotype: ROM 44481. Paratypes: (25 lots, 363 specimens) AMS (4 lots, 53 spec.), BMNH (2 lots), BPBM 30199-200 (7, 8), HUMZ 101088-89 (2), NMC (2 lots), NTM (1 lot), ROM (7 lots), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 21207-08 (5, 3), TAU [= SMNHTAU] (1 lot), USNM 247299 (9), WAM P.28333-001 (14), P.28334-001 (7). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:40 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:46 [ref. 30117]. •Synonym of Trimma mendelssohni (not Goren 1978:195) -- (Winterbottom 1984:706 [ref. 5321]). •Valid as Trimma emeryi Winterbottom 1985 -- (Randall & Goren 1993:21 [ref. 21131], Shimada & Yoshino 1994:2 [ref. 24340], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:640 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1176 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3600 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1176 [ref. 26193], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:191 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:28 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3329 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:552 [ref. 28239], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:351 [ref. 28867], Hoese & Larson 2006:1688 [ref. 29097], Hagiwara & Winterbottom 2007:164 [ref. 29103], Winterbottom & Southcott 2007:75 [ref. 29375], Allen & Erdmann 2012:936 [ref. 31980], Winterbottom et al. 2014:373, 378 [ref. 33402], Allen 2015:31 [ref. 33704], Winterbottom & Hoese 2015:25, 57, 73 [ref. 33709], Suzuki et al. 2015:67 [ref. 33746], Hoese et al. 2015:539 [ref. 33990]). Current status: Valid as Trimma emeryi Winterbottom 1985. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Comoro Islands east to Christmas Island, Indonesia, north to Ryukyu Islands, east to Australia and to Samoa. Habitat: marine.

encaeomus, Gobius Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1883:611 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 328); ref. 2473] Charleston Harbor, South Carolina, U.S.A. Syntypes: (3) USNM 29673 (1). •Synonym of Ctenogobius boleosoma (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). Current status: Synonym of Ctenogobius boleosoma (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

enigmaticus, Barbulifer Joyeux [J.-C.], Van Tassell [J. L.] & Macieira [R. M.] 2009:59, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 2022; ref. 30108] Tidepool, Praia dos Castelhanos, Anchieta, 20050'02.0"S, 40°37'16.0"W, Espirito Santo, Brazil. Holotype: CI-UFES 0239. Paratypes: many at AMNH, CI-UFES, MZUFBA, MZUSP, UF, UFPB, ZUEC. Plus additional non-type material on p. 66. •Valid as Barbulifer enigmaticus Joyeux, Van Tassell & Macieira 2009 -- (Van Tassell 2011:151 [ref. 31732]). Current status: Valid as Barbulifer enigmaticus Joyeux, Van Tassell & Macieira 2009. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Brazil. Habitat: marine.

ennorensis, Acentrogobius Menon [A. G. K.] & Rema Devi [K.] 1980:54, Pls. A-B; Fig. 1 [Matsya No. 6; ref. 8572] Ennore estuary, Madras, India, Bay of Bengal. Holotype: ZSI F.555. Paratypes: (7). See Das 2003:372 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Acentrogobius ennorensis Menon & Rema Devi 1980 -- (Rema Devi 1993:167 [ref. 24020]). •Synonym of Papillogobius reichei (Bleeker 1854) -- (Kottelat 2013:417 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Favonigobius reichei (Bleeker 1854) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:934 [ref. 20764] dated 1853). Current status: Synonym of Favonigobius reichei (Bleeker 1854). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: India (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ensifer, Gladiogobius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1933:23 [Copeia 1933 (no. 1); ref. 2106] Near entrance to Majalibit Inlet, Waigio Island [Pulau Waigeo, Papua Barat, Indonesia, western Pacific]. Holotype: FMNH 17412. Paratypes: (3) CAS-SU 25498 (1), 25499 (2) or 26389 (2). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:147 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:112 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:39 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Gladiogobius ensifer Herre 1933 -- (Goren 1979:40 [ref. 1852], Dor 1984:245 [ref. 29757], Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:242 [ref. 6441], Goren & Dor 1994:64 [ref. 25356], Anderson et al. 1998:27 [ref. 23611], Myers 1999:255 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:1238 [ref. 25182], Larson & Murdy 2001:3597 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1238 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:58 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:644 [ref. 27495] in Gladigobius, Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:184 [ref. 27510], Shibukawa & Allen 2007:197 [ref. 30644], Allen & Erdmann 2012:974 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:165 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Gladiogobius ensifer Herre 1933. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles east to Philippines and Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan. Habitat: brackish, marine.

ensifera, Brachyeleotris Bleeker [P.] 1874:375 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 8; ref. 436] Kajeli, Buru Island, Maluku, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4675. Asterropteryx is feminine, so correct is apparently ensifera. •Valid as Asterropteryx ensiferus (Bleeker 1874) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:241 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1997:527 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:244 [ref. 23965], Allen & Munday 1995:100 [ref. 21938], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:635 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1238 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:407 [ref. 25191], Larson & Murdy 2001:3595 [ref. 26293], Sakai et al. 2001:109 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Hoese & Larson 2006:1625 [ref. 29097]). •Valid as Asterropteryx ensifera (Bleeker 1874) -- (Nakabo 2002:1238 [ref. 26193], Shibukawa & Suzuki 2002:274 [ref. 26337], Allen & Adrim 2003:57 [ref. 26830] as ensifer, Randall et al. 2004:26 [ref. 27624] as ensiferus, Randall 2005:519 [ref. 28239], Shibukawa & Suzuki 2007:109 [ref. 29069], Shibukawa 2009:263 [ref. 30449], Dimara et al. 2010:621 [ref. 31108], Allen & Erdmann 2012:910 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Asterropteryx ensifera (Bleeker 1874). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles to Marshall and Society islands, Australia north to Ryukyu Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

eos, Othonops Smith [R.] 1881:19 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 187); ref. 4143] Point Loma, San Diego, California, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 27466. Paratypes: (3). •Synonym of Typhlogobius californiensis Steindachner 1879 -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). Current status: Synonym of Typhlogobius californiensis Steindachner 1879. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: marine.

epakros, Cryptocentrus Allen [G. R.] 2015:69, Figs. 1-3 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 16; ref. 33923] Alotau, Papua New Guinea, 4.8 km east of main wharf, 10°18.256’S, 150°24.768’E, depth 14.5 meters. Holotype (unique): WAM P.34319-001. •Valid as Cryptocentrus epakros Allen 2015. Current status: Valid as Cryptocentrus epakros Allen 2015. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Alotau, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

ephesi, Knipowitschia Ahnelt [H.] 1995:156, Fig. 1 [Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut v. 92; ref. 22021] Ephesus, western Anatolia, Turkey, 37°58'N, 27°17'E. Holotype: ZMH 2177.1. Paratypes: ZMH 2177.2-11 (10). •Valid as Knipowitschia ephesi Ahnelt 1995 -- (Miller in Miller 2004:335 [ref. 27853], Kovačić 2005:278 [ref. 28382], Kovačić & Sanda 2007:83 [ref. 29335], Miller 2009:1506 [ref. 30234], Ahnelt 2011:26 [ref. 31650], Freyhof 2011:283 [ref. 31742], Çiçek et al. 2015:152 [ref. 35151], Ahnelt 2016:9195 [ref. 34845]). Current status: Valid as Knipowitschia ephesi Ahnelt 1995. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Turkey. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

ephippiatus, Gobius Lowe [R. T.] 1839:84 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1839 (pt 7); ref. 2829] Madeira, eastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Thorogobius ephippiatus (Lowe 1839) -- (Miller 1973:512 [ref. 6888], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1082 [ref. 13677], Miller 1990:947 [ref. 19376], Ahnelt & Kovačić 1997:150 [ref. 23095], Santos et al. 1997:103 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:105 [ref. 24952], Vacchi et al. 1999:326 [ref. 24369], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:136 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2007:107 [ref. 29533], Sauberer & Ahnelt 2008:278 [ref. 29915], Bañon et al. 2010:21 [ref. 31029], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:188 [ref. 31737], Kovačić et al. 2012:441 [ref. 32861]), Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2841 [ref. 34618]. Current status: Valid as Thorogobius ephippiatus (Lowe 1839). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: Norway to Morocco including Madeira and Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

epiphanes, Eviota Jenkins [O. P.] 1903:501, Fig. 42 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2341] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50720. Paratypes: (20) CAS-SU 8707 (6). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:106 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Eviota epiphanes Jenkins 1903 -- (Yoshino & Shimada in Masuda et al. 1984:243 [ref. 6441], Fricke 1998:4 [ref. 23756], Greenfield & Randall 1999:439 [ref. 23801], Nakabo 2000:1177 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1177 [ref. 26193], Lobel & Lobel 2004:76 [ref. 27576], Gill & Jewett 2004:239 [ref. 27775], Greenfield & Randall 2004:520 [ref. 28175], Mundy 2005:474 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:399 [ref. 30952], Greenfield & Randall 2010:272 [ref. 30765], Mundy et al. 2010:103 [ref. 31155], Motomura et al. 2010:209 [ref. 31256], Hoese & Stewart 2012:66 [ref. 32113], Tornabene et al. 2013:378 [ref. 32884], Greenfield & Jewett 2014:58 [ref. 33326], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:44 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota epiphanes Jenkins 1903. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Hawaiian Islands, Johnston Island and Kiritimati Island, ?Japan. Habitat: marine.

epistigmata, Eviota Greenfield [D. W.] & Jewett [S. L.] 2014:59, Figs. 2-3, 5 [Copeia 2014 (no. 1); ref. 33326] Moluccas, Haruku Island, point east of Tandjung Naira, ca. 3.55°S, 128.4667°E, Indonesia, depth 4.6 meters. Holotype: USNM 223074. Paratypes: AMS, ANSP, BPBM, CAS, USNM. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Eviota epistigmata Greenfield & Jewett 2014 -- (Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:38 [ref. 34537], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:58 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota epistigmata Greenfield & Jewett 2014. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Moluccas (Indonesia) and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

erdmanni, Eviota Tornabene [L.] & Greenfield [D. W.] 2016:3, Figs. 1-3 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 22; ref. 34518] Ende, south Flores, Indonesia, 08°53.269'S, 121°37.599'E, depth 3 meters. Holotype: CAS 238221. Paratypes: CAS. •Valid as Eviota erdmanni Tornabene & Greenfield 2016 -- (Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:85 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota erdmanni Tornabene & Greenfield 2016. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: South Flores, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

erdmanni, Trimma Winterbottom [R.] 2011:138, Figs. 1A, 7-12 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 17 (no. 3); ref. 31449] Kawe Island, southwest bay, 0°05'15.2"S, 130°07'25.3"E, depth 50 meters. Holotype: ROM 87482. Paratypes: many at AMS, MZB, ROM. Plus non-type specimens. Populations reduced by Winterbottom et al. 2014 (not cited) -- two species are represented. •Valid as Trimma erdmanni Winterbottom 2011 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:937 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:173 [ref. 33932], Allen 2015:37 [ref. 33704], Winterbottom et al. 2015:215 [ref. 33849]). Current status: Valid as Trimma erdmanni Winterbottom 2011. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Raja Ampat Islands and Sulawesi, Indonesia and Hermit Islands and Madang, Papua New Guinea; Palawan and Philippines, east to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

erectus, Microgobius Ginsburg [I.] 1938:120 [Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 1932-40, Los Angeles v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 1802] Northern Gulf of California, Mexico, 30°28'N, 14°34'W, depth 26 fathoms. Holotype: YPM 1695. Paratypes: YPM 3958 (7). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:12 [ref. 16741]. •Valid as Microgobius erectus Ginsburg 1938 -- (Birdsong 1981:288 [ref. 5425], Allen & Robertson 1994:268 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:142 [ref. 23101], Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1135 [ref. 22829], Rüber et al. 2003:1598 [ref. 26969], Nelson et al. 2004:172 [ref. 27807], Van Tassell 2011:168 [ref. 31732], Tornabene et al. 2012:41 [ref. 32138], Page et al. 2013:178 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Microgobius erectus Ginsburg 1938. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Gulf of Panama. Habitat: marine.

eremius, Gobius Zietz [A. H. C.] 1896:180, Pl. 16 (fig. 5) [Report on the work of the Horn Expedition to Central Australia. Part 2; ref. 14621] Coward Spring, in a small pool of water around an artesian well, central Australia. Lectotype: SAMA F525. Paralectotypes: SAMA F7674 (5, 2 c&s). Type catalog: Glover 1976:174 [ref. 19449]. Lectotype selected by Larson 1995:22 [ref. 22270]. •Valid as Chlamydogobius eremius (Zietz 1896) -- (Larson 2001:63 [ref. 25522], Unmack 2001:1064 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:260 [ref. 25930], Hammer & Walker 2004:89 [ref. 28129], Hoese & Larson 2006:1635 [ref. 29097], Hammer et al. 2012:65 [ref. 32389]). Current status: Valid as Chlamydogobius eremius (Zietz 1896). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: South Australia, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

erici, Evermannia Bussing [W. A.] 1983:125, Fig. 1 [Revista de Biología Tropical v. 31 (no. 1); ref. 8362] Burrow, 10 meters from water, beach at Jacó, just south of Bahía Herradura, Pacific coast of Costa Rica. Holotype: LACM 42996-1. Paratypes: LACM 42997-1 (30); UCR 1309-1 (15 or 18), 1321-1 (81+ 5 c&s), 1322-1 (14), 1357-1 (63); SIO 94-137 [ex UCR] (10); USNM 254313 (30). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:374 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Evermannia erici Bussing 1983 -- (Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1134 [ref. 22829], Van Tassell 2011:141 [ref. 31732]). Current status: Valid as Evermannia erici Bussing 1983. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Costa Rica. Habitat: marine.

eruptionis, Amblyopus Bleeker [P.] 1849:38 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [6]; ref. 319] Flumine Kalimas vel Kali Kediri dicto, eastern Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: ?RMNH 4806 (1 or more of 5). •Valid as Taenioides eruptionis (Bleeker 1849) -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3594 [ref. 26293], Proudlove 2006:269 [ref. 28992], Kottelat 2013:434 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Taenioides eruptionis (Bleeker 1849). Gobiidae: Amblyopinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

erwani, Trimma Viviani [J.], Williams [J. T.] & Planes [S.] 2016:3, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 23; ref. 34831] Marquesas Islands, Fatu Hiva, south of Baie Hanavave (Baie des Vierges) at tip of Pointe Matautu, on steep rock wall with narrow terraces, French Polynesia, 10.47153°S, 138.67794°W, depth 20-30 meters. Holotype: USNM 409436. Paratype: USNM. •Valid as Trimma erwani Viviani, Williams & Planes 2016. Current status: Valid as Trimma erwani Viviani, Williams & Planes 2016. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia. Habitat: marine.

erythrinus, Gobius Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Cuvier 1837:128 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Not available, mentioned without a genus under the account of Gobius tentacularis Valenciennes. •Unavailable -- (Pezold & Larson 2015:87 [ref. 33894]). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae.

erythronemus, Periophthalmus Guichenot [A.] in Duméril 1861:250, Pl. 22 (fig. 5) [Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 10 [for 1858]; ref. 1149] Gorée, Senegal. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-6241. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:43 [ref. 19958]. Guichenot's contribution not indicated; authorship might be Duméril (ex Guichenot). •Synonym of Periophthalmus papilio Bloch & Schneider 1801 -- (Maugé 1986:399 [ref. 6218], Miller 1990:958 [ref. 19376]). •Synonym of Periophthalmus barbarus (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Murdy 1989:35 [ref. 13628], Harrison & Miller in Lévêque et al. 1992:801 [ref. 21590], Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2843 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Synonym of Periophthalmus barbarus (Linnaeus 1766). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

erythrophaios, Gobius Bleeker [P.] 1849:29 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [6]; ref. 319] Bima, Sumbawa Island, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 6264 (2 or 3 of 3). Appeared first in Bleeker 1848:637 [ref. 315] without distinguishing features. Gobiidae: Gobiinae.

erythrops, Chaenogobius Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:404, Pl. 37 (fig. 3) [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Pago Pago, American Samoa. Holotype (unique): USNM 51781. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:125-126 [ref. 2676]. •Valid as Bryaninops erythrops (Jordan & Seale 1906) -- (Larson 1985:74 [ref. 5186], Larson 1987:143 [ref. 9091], Randall et al. 1990:396 [ref. 15987], Randall 1994:270 [ref. 21644], Randall et al. 1997:396 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:246 [ref. 23965], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1215 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3595 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1215 [ref. 26193], Stevenson 2002:308 [ref. 26489], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:643 [ref. 27495], Hoese & Larson 2006:1629 [ref. 29097], Suzuki et al. 2012:6 [ref. 31776], Allen & Erdmann 2012:894 [ref. 31980], Suzuki & Randall 2014:23 [ref. 33142], Fricke et al. 2014:159 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Bryaninops erythrops (Jordan & Seale 1906). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Aden, Chagos Archipelago east to Marshall Islands and Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

erythropterus, Sicyopterus Keith [P.], Allen [G. R.] & Lord [C.] in Keith, Allen, Lord & Hadiaty 2012:311, Figs. 10-12 [Cybium v. 35 (no. 4) (for 2011); ref. 31972] Tirawiwa River, 132 km from mouth, 3°02.792"S, 136°22.852'E, Papua New Guinea, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 20008. Paratypes: MNHN 2011-0041 (3), WAM P31447.003 (5). •Valid as Sicyopterus erythropterus Keith, Allen & Lord 2012 -- (Keith et al. 2015:88 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Sicyopterus erythropterus Keith, Allen & Lord 2012. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Tirawiwa River, Papua New Guinea, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

erythrospilus, Gobiodon Bleeker [P.] 1875:122 [Archives néerlandaises des sciences exactes et naturelles v. 10; ref. 12599] East Indies. Lectotype: RMNH.PISC.6187. Paralectotypes: (85) RMNH.PISC.35256 (now 26) (formerly 6187), other species in part represented. Lectotype named by Shibukawa et al. 2013:154 [ref. 32951]. •Synonym of Gobiodon rivulatus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Dor 1984:246 [ref. 29757]). •Synonym of Gobiodon histrio (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Randall 2005:537 [ref. 28239]). •Valid as Gobiodon erythrospilus Bleeker 1875 -- (Suzuki et al. 1995:4 [ref. 24355], Harold & Winterbottom 1999:56 [ref. 23701], Myers 1999:255 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:1188 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1188 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:59 [ref. 26830], Harold et al. 2008:120 [ref. 29450], Shibukawa 2009:276 [ref. 30449], Suzuku et al. 2012:59 [ref. 32027], Allen & Erdmann 2012:897 [ref. 31980], Shibukawa et al. 2013:153 [ref. 32951], Fricke et al. 2014:166 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Gobiodon erythrospilus Bleeker 1875. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: India to Solomon Islands, south to Queensland (Australia), East Indian region. Habitat: marine.

erythrostomus, Gobius Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:200 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Marseille, France, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Not available, described in synonymy of Gobius cruentatus Gmelin 1789. Based on 'Gobius No. 42' of Brünnich 1768:30 [ref. 17290]. •In the synonymy of Gobius cruentatus Gmelin 1789 -- (P. Parenti, pers. comm.). Current status: Synonym of Gobius cruentatus Gmelin 1789. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

esakiae, Amblygobius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1939:306 [Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses v. 18 (no. 4); ref. 10999] Koror, Palau Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: CAS-SU 37314. Paratypes: (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:107 [ref. 12291]. Named after a male, Prof. Tesio Esaki, so name should be changed to esakii. •Valid as Amblygobius esakiae Herre 1939 -- (Randall 1994:269 [ref. 21644], Myers 1999:242 [ref. 23965], Larson & Murdy 2001:3594 [ref. 26293], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830] dated 1927, Allen & Erdmann 2012:955 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:157 [ref. 33932], Allen & Erdmann 2016:17 [ref. 35073]). Current status: Valid as Amblygobius esakiae Herre 1939. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indonesia, east to Philippines, Papua New Guinea and Palau. Habitat: marine.

esquivel, Taenioides Smith [J. L. B.] 1947:814 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11) v. 13 (no. 108) (art. 77); ref. 4073] Costa da Sol, Delagoa Bay, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique) (?): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 261. •Valid as Taenioides esquivel Smith 1947 -- (Hoese 1986:805 [ref. 5670], Maugé 1986:385 [ref. 6218]). Current status: Valid as Taenioides esquivel Smith 1947. Gobiidae: Amblyopinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean and southeastern Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

essi, Schismatogobius Keith [P.], Lord [C.] & Larson [H. K.] 2017:55, Figs. 1, 2B, 6 [Cybium v. 41 (no. 1); ref. 35180] Vage River, Kolombangara [=Kolobangara] Island, Solomon. Holotype: MNHN 2016-0267. Paratypes: AMS, MNHN, NTM, QM. •Valid as Schismatogobius essi Keith, Lord & Larson 2017 -- (Keith et al. 2017:210 [ref. 35442]). Current status: Valid as Schismatogobius essi Keith, Lord & Larson 2017. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Solomon Islands, southwestern Pacific. Habitat: freshwater.

etheostoma, Aboma Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] in Jordan 1895:497, Pl. 50 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 5; ref. 2394] Astillero at Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 3459. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:107 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Gobiosoma etheostoma (Jordan & Starks 1895) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:265 [ref. 22193], Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1135 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:171 [ref. 24545], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:434 [ref. 24550], Thomson et al. 2000:232 [ref. 25640]). •Valid as Aboma etheostoma Jordan & Starks 1895 -- (Rüber et al. 2003:1596 [ref. 26969], Nelson et al. 2004:169 [ref. 27807], Van Tassell 2011:151 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Angulo et al. 2013:1007 [ref. 33194]). Current status: Valid as Aboma etheostoma Jordan & Starks 1895. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Sonora (Mexico) to Colombia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

eudentatus, Sicyopterus Parenti [L. R.] & Maciolek [J. A.] 1993:964, Figs. 10, 11B, 12B [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 53 (no. 3); ref. 21279] 4th tributary of Nanpil River, Ponape, eastern Caroline Islands. Holotype: CAS 67387. Paratypes: BPBM 35018 [ex CAS 67389] (1); CAS 67385-86 (2), 67390-94 (5), 67395 (4, 2 c&s), 67396 (1, c&s), 67397 (1, c&s); ROM 64671 [ex CAS 67395] (1); USNM 322473 [ex CAS 67388] (1). •Questionably a synonym of Sicyopterus lagocephalus (Pallas 1770) -- (Watson et al. 2000:13 [ref. 25138]). •Questionably a synonym of Sicyopterus macrostetholepis (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 2013:428 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Sicyopterus eudentatus Parenti & Maciolek 1993 -- (Buden et al. 2001:7 [ref. 25496], Larson & Murdy 2001:3602 [ref. 26293], Keith et al. 2015:90 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Sicyopterus eudentatus Parenti & Maciolek 1993. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Ponape [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

eugenius, Quisquilius Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903:203 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2450] Waikiki, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: USNM 50674 (not found in 1980, not received). Paratypes: ANSP 24230 (1, missing), BPBM 1708 (1, missing), FMNH 3970 (1, missing), MCZ (1, never received), CAS-SU 7483 (3, not 1), USNM 106537 [ex USFC 2732] (2, not 1). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:133 [ref. 2676] as Bur. Fish 1140 (2 spec.), Böhlke 1953:116 [ref. 12291], Böhlke 1984:106 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:74 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Priolepis eugenius (Jordan & Evermann 1903) -- (Winterbottom & Burridge 1993:2063 [ref. 21406], Greenfield & Randall 2004:539 [ref. 28175], Mundy 2005:479 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:402 [ref. 30952], Winterbottom & Hoese 2015:21 [ref. 33709], Hoese et al. 2015:539 [ref. 33990] as eugenia). Current status: Valid as Priolepis eugenius (Jordan & Evermann 1903). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

eulepis, Microgobius Eigenmann [C. H.] & Eigenmann [R. S.] 1888:69 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 1250] Fortress Monroe, southeastern Virginia [not South Carolina], U.S.A. Holotype (unique): MCZ 27123. •Synonym of Microgobius thalassinus (Jordan & Gilbert 1883) -- (Birdsong 1981:285 [ref. 5425]). Current status: Synonym of Microgobius thalassinus (Jordan & Gilbert 1883). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

eumeces, Asterropterix Pietschmann [V.] 1934:100 [2] [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 71; ref. 16452] Honolulu fish market, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Syntypes: NMW 1000 (2). On p. 2 of separate (probably published first). Original genus is correctly spelled Asterropteryx. •Synonym of Asterropteryx semipunctata Rüppell 1830 -- (Mundy 2005:470 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Asterropteryx semipunctata Rüppell 1830. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

eurycephalus, Gobius Kessler [K. F.] 1874:281 [91] [Trudy St.-Peterburgskogo Obscestva Estestvoispytatelej = Travaux de la Société des Naturalistes de St. Pétersbourg. v. 5; ref. 18397] Enikale near Kerch, Crimea, Ukraine. Lectotype: ZIN 2234. Paralectotypes: ZIN 2219 (1). On p. 91 of separate. Lectotype selected by Pinchuk 1977:588 [ref. 8999]. •Questionably a synonym of Neogobius cephalarges (Pallas 1814) -- (Berg 1949:1087 [ref. 20662], Miller 1973:502 [ref. 6888]). •Synonym of Neogobius platyrostris (Pallas 1814), but a valid subspecies -- (Pinchuk 1977:588 [ref. 8999], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:756 [ref. 24702]). •Valid as Neogobius eurycephalus (Kessler 1874) -- (Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1059 [ref. 13677], Kottelat 1997:178 [ref. 22952], Vasil'eva 1998:138 [ref. 23591], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:134 [ref. 26753], Pinchuk et al. 2003:212 [ref. 27348], Vasil'eva 2003:S49 [ref. 28444], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:229 [ref. 28183], Fricke et al. 2007:105 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:578 [ref. 29996], Vasil'eva 2007:161 [ref. 30517], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:187 [ref. 31737]). •Valid as Ponticola eurycephalus (Kessler 1874) -- (Neilson & Stepien 2009:97 [ref. 30497], Medvedev et al. 2013:705 [ref. 35208], Stepien & Neilson 2013:2 [ref. 35325], Parin et al. 2014:497 [ref. 33547], Çiçek et al. 2015:152 [ref. 35151], Vasil'eva et al. 2016:9 [ref. 34347]). Current status: Valid as Ponticola eurycephalus (Kessler 1874). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Black Sea basin and Sea of Azov. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

eurystomus, Gobius Kessler [K. F.] 1877:22, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [The Aralo-Caspian Expedition; ref. 2597] Southern Caspian Sea, 40°07'N, 0°05'E, depth 56-105 feet [8-15 Russian fathoms]. Syntypes: (20) BMNH 1897.7.5.8-9 (2); ZIN 10904-05 (1, 2); ?NMW 29176 (1). •Synonym of Neogobius syrman (Nordmann 1840), but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1949:1089 [ref. 20662]). •Synonym of Neogobius syrman (Nordmann 1840) -- (Coad 1995:31 [ref. 23608], Vasil'eva 1998:143 [ref. 23591], Pinchuk et al. 2003:377 [ref. 27348]). •Synonym of Ponticola syrman (Nordmann 1840) -- (Neilson & Stepien 2009:96 [ref. 30487], Esmaeili et al. 2010:378 [ref. 33391] as a valid subspecies, Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:899 [ref. 34062] as a valid subspecies). Current status: Synonym of Ponticola syrman (Nordmann 1840). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Caspian Sea (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

evanida, Silhouettea Larson [H. K.] & Miller [P. J.] 1986:111, Figs. 4-5 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 33 (no. 2); ref. 5803] Mindil Beach, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia, 12°27.0'S, 130°49.5'E. Holotype: NTM S.10001-002. Paratypes: AMS IA.6640 (1), I.17141-005 (1); BMNH 1985.4.17.1-10 (7); NTM S.10001-001 (20), S.11559-001 (12). •Valid as Silhouettea evanida Larson & Miller 1986 -- (Miller 1988:262 [ref. 26483], Larson & Williams 1997:369 [ref. 23967], Johnson 1999:749 [ref. 25471], Larson & Murdy 2001:3599 [ref. 26293], Hoese & Larson 2006:1683 [ref. 29097], Randall 2008:297 [ref. 29721], Larson et al. 2013:207 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:396 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Silhouettea evanida Larson & Miller 1986. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: marine.

evelynae, Gobiosoma (Elacatinus) Böhlke [J. E.] & Robins [C. R.] 1968:103, Fig. 10 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 120; ref. 609] Green Cay, Nassau vicinity, Bahamas, depth about 50 feet. Holotype: ANSP 110559. Paratypes: AMMH 20622 (1), 31150 (1); ANSP (93, 2 c&s, 3 missing, 38 lots); LACM (2); MCZ 45885-86 (2); TU 48782 (2); UF (16, 9 lots [now 19, 8 lots]); UF [ex UMML] (now 11, 5 lots), UMMZ 187470 (5); UPRM (2, 2 lots); USNM (16, 6 lots). Type catalog: Suttkus 1970:128 [ref. 20861], Gilbert 1974:112 [ref. 21035], Böhlke 1984:106 [ref. 13621], Bart & Taylor 1993:66 [ref. 20906]. •Valid as Gobiosoma evelynae Böhlke & Robins 1968 -- (Cervigón 1994:189 [ref. 24488], Aguilera 1998:52 [ref. 24221], Schwartz 1999:287 [ref. 25307], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:167 [ref. 27754], Rüber et al. 2003:1596 [ref. 26969]). •Valid as Elacatinus evelynae (Böhlke & Robins 1968) -- (Hoese & Reader 2001:157 [ref. 26035], Collette et al. 2003:122 [ref. 26784], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1793 [ref. 27111], Smith et al. 2003:61 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:171 [ref. 27807], Randall & Colin 2009:38 [ref. 30307], Colin 2010:38, 41 [ref. 30879] with color morphs, Van Tassell 2011:152 [ref. 31732], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:77 [ref. 33341], Victor 2014:25 [ref. 33549]). Current status: Valid as Elacatinus evelynae (Böhlke & Robins 1968). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

eviotops, Trimma Schultz [L. P.] 1943:250, Fig. 22 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 180; ref. 3957] Reef of Rose Island, American Samoa. Holotype: USNM 116169. Paratypes: BMNH 1952.5.8.12 [ex USNM 116170] (1); MCZ 37267 [ex USNM 116170] (1); USNM 116170 (orig. 5, now 3). •Valid as Trimma eviotops Schultz 1943 -- (Myers 1999:260 [ref. 23965]). •Valid as Trimmatom eviotops (Schultz 1943) -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3600 [ref. 26293], Winterbottom 2001:20 [ref. 26167], Winterbottom 2002:46 [ref. 26166], Myers & Donaldson 2003:645 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:28 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:555 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Larson 2006:1691 [ref. 29097], Winterbottom & Hoese 2015:4 [ref. 33709]). Current status: Valid as Trimmatom eviotops (Schultz 1943). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

exallisquamulus, Sicyopus Watson [R. E.] & Kottelat [M.] 2006:125, Figs. 4-6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 17 (no. 2); ref. 28766] Sungei Okitai, about 10 kilometers upstream from coast, just below waterfalls, Halmahera, Maluku, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 5918. Paratypes: CMK 11294 (4), 11349 (2), 11378 (2); MZB 5926 (1). •Valid as Sicyopus exallisquamulus Watson & Kottelat 2006 -- (Keith et al. 2011:2726 [ref. 31651], Kottelat 2013:429 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Sicyopus auxilimentus Watson & Kottelat 1994 -- (Keith et al. 2015:140 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Synonym of Sicyopus auxilimentus Watson & Kottelat 1994. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

exanthematosus, Gobius Pallas [P. S.] 1814:160 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Shores of Crimea, Ukraine. No types known. Misspelled exanthematicus by Carrus 1893:678 [ref. 17975]. •Synonym of Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas 1814) -- (Berg 1949:1083 [ref. 20662], Miller 1973:503 [ref. 6888], Kottelat 1997:179 [ref. 22952], Vasil'eva 1998:141 [ref. 23591], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:134 [ref. 26753], Pinchuk et al. 2003:293 [ref. 27349], Vasil'eva 2003:S50 [ref. 28444], Neilson & Stepien 2009:96 [ref. 30487], Parin et al. 2014:494 [ref. 33547] ). Current status: Synonym of Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas 1814). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

exigua, Gobiopsis Lachner [E. A.] & McKinney [J. F.] 1979:5, Figs. 3-4 [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 299; ref. 7018] Gilbert Islands, Abaiang Atoll, western Pacific. Holotype: AMS I.18052-004. Paratypes: AMS I.18052-005 (1); ANSP 134776 (1); BPBM 11373 (1), 20320 (1); CAS 33610 (1); USNM 216209 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:106 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Gobiopsis exigua Lachner & McKinney 1979 -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3598 [ref. 26293], Randall et al. 2002:160 [ref. 26192], Randall 2005:538 [ref. 28239], Shibukawa 2010:97 [ref. 30809], Fricke et al. 2014:167 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Gobiopsis exigua Lachner & McKinney 1979. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Comores and Amirantes, Papua New Guinea, Kiribati (Gilbert Islands) and Fiji. Habitat: marine.

exiguus, Lubricogobius Tanaka [S.] 1915:567 [Dobutsugaku Zasshi = Zoological Magazine Tokyo v. 27 (no. 325); ref. 4324] Nagasaki fish market, Japan. Syntypes: ZUMT 6577 (1, described), 6577-78 (2), 30028 (1). •Valid as Lubricogobius exiguus Tanaka 1915 -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:267 [ref. 6441], Suzuki & Hosokawa 1994:5 [ref. 24339], Chen & Fang 1997:93 [ref. 23348], Nakabo 2000:1186 [ref. 25182], Randall & Senou 2001:7 [ref. 25241], Nakabo 2002:1186 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:59 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:541 [ref. 28239], Prokofiev 2009:418 [ref. 30222], Matsui et al. 2014:7 [ref. 33344], Allen 2015:9 [ref. 34133], Allen & Erdmann 2016:32 [ref. 34937]). Current status: Valid as Lubricogobius exiguus Tanaka 1915. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Japan and Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

exilis, Clariger Snyder [J. O.] 1911:544 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 40 (no. 1836); ref. 4152] Tanegashima, Japan. Holotype: USNM 68242. Paratypes: CAS-SU 21428 (3), USNM 74583 (6). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:128 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:109 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Clariger exilis Snyder 1911 -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:281 [ref. 6441], Shiogaki 1988:131 [ref. 6854], Nakabo 2000:1166 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1166 [ref. 26193], Motomura et al. 2010:208 [ref. 31256], Jang-Liaw et al. 2012:14 [ref. 32010]). Current status: Valid as Clariger exilis Snyder 1911. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

exilis, Cryptocentrops Smith [J. L. B.] 1958:153, Pl. 2 (fig. L) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 11; ref. 4118] Chumbe, Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean, tide pool. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 218. •Valid as Amblyeleotris exilis (Smith 1958) -- (Hoese & Steene 1978:382 [ref. 8713], Larson & Murdy 2001:3594 [ref. 26293]). •Synonym of Amblyeleotris periophthalma (Bleeker 1853) -- (Randall 1995:326 [ref. 22896], Chen et al. 1998:115 [ref. 23405], Randall 2005:515 [ref. 28239], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:349 [ref. 28867]). Current status: Synonym of Amblyeleotris periophthalma (Bleeker 1853). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

exilis, Hetereleotris Shibukawa [K.] 2010:91, Figs. 1-3 [Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science (Ser. A) Supplement No. 4; ref. 30808] Off Nagan'nu Island, Okinawa Group, Ryukyu Islands, Japan (26°14.63'N, 127°31.78'E), depth 53 meters. Holotype (unique): NSMT-P 94885. •Valid as Hetereleotris exilis Shibukawa 2010 -- (Kovačić & Bogorodsky 2014:480 [ref. 33169], Kovačić et al. 2014:125 [ref. 33446], Motomura et al. 2015:30 [ref. 34709]). Current status: Valid as Hetereleotris exilis Shibukawa 2010. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Ryukyu Islands and southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

expeditionium, Periophthalmus Whitley [G. P.] 1953:127, Fig. 2 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 23 (no. 3); ref. 12672] Karumba, Gulf of Carpentaria, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.6195. Paratypes: AMS I.6196 (1), IB.2891 (1). •Synonym of Periophthalmus novaeguineaensis Eggert 1935 -- (Murdy 1989:42 [ref. 13628], Hoese & Larson 2006:1674 [ref. 29097], Jaafar & Larson 2008:948 [ref. 29863]). Current status: Synonym of Periophthalmus novaeguineaensis Eggert 1935. Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

exquisitus, Favonigobius Whitley [G. P.] 1950:32, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales v. for 1948-49; ref. 12979] Toukley, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS IB.1413. •Valid as Papillogobius exquisitus (Whitley 1950) -- (Gill & Miller 1990:523 [ref. 16711], Gill 1993:177 [ref. 21981]). •Valid as Favonigobius exquisitus Whitley 1950 -- (Kuiter 1993:349 [ref. 23929], Larson & Murdy 2001:3597 [ref. 26293], Hoese & Larson 2006:1649 [ref. 29097], Hoese 2015:1578 [ref. 34304]). Current status: Valid as Favonigobius exquisitus Whitley 1950. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Australia and New Zealand. Habitat: brackish, marine.

extraneus, Sicyopterus Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:311, Fig. 4 [Monographs, Bureau of Science Manila Monogr. 23; ref. 2104] Cabalian, Leyte Island, Philippines. Syntypes: BSMP 10588 and 26884-87 (5) destroyed, seen by Koumans. Additional material: (3) BSMP (1) presumed destroyed. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:193 [ref. 2676]. •Valid as Sicyopterus extraneus Herre 1927 -- (authors). •Synonym of Sicyopterus macrostetholepis (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 2013:428 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Sicyopterus lagocephalus (Pallas 1770) -- (Watson et al. 2000:13 [ref. 25138], Keith et al. 2015:102 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Synonym of Sicyopterus lagocephalus (Pallas 1770). Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

eyreae, Eviota Greenfield [D. W.] & Randall [J. E.] 2016:39, Figs. 40-42 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 20; ref. 34356] Vatu-i-ra Island, Fiji, 17°18.82'S, 178°28.21'W, depth 3 meters. Holotype (unique): CAS 238067. •Valid as Eviota eyreae Greenfield & Randall 2016 -- (Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:85 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota eyreae Greenfield & Randall 2016. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Fiji. Habitat: marine.

fagei, Gobius de Buen [F.] 1923:160, 223, Figs. 56-57 [Memorias del Instituto Español de Oceanografia, Madrid v. 3, Mem. 3a; ref. 15468] Malaga, Spain, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Pomatoschistus norvegicus (Collett 1902) -- (Miller 1973:509 [ref. 6888], Webb & Miller 1974:736 [ref. 22419]). Current status: Synonym of Pomatoschistus norvegicus (Collett 1902). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

fallacincta, Priolepis Winterbottom [R.] & Burridge [M.] 1992:1940, Fig. [Canadian Journal of Zoology v. 70; ref. 20878] Mouth of Bais Bay, 9°36'54"N, 123°11'06"E, Tanon Strait, Negros Oriental, Philippines, depth 24.4-36.6 meters. Holotype: ROM 53146. Paratypes: AMS (12 lots, 17 spec.); ROM 54137(1); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 35455 (1); USNM 135750 (1), 241719 (1), 243048 (1), 243141 (3), 315805 (1); WAM P.27824-079 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:45 [ref. 30117], Ho & Shao 2011:57 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Priolepis fallacincta Winterbottom & Burridge 1992 -- (Aonuma et al. 1996:325 [ref. 22433], Johnson 1999:749 [ref. 25471] as cf fallacincta, Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:639 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1173 [ref. 25182], Larson & Murdy 2001:3599 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1173 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:60 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:28 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:548 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Larson 2006:1678 [ref. 29097], Nogawa & Endo 2007:159 [ref. 29104], Motomura et al. 2010:218 [ref. 31256], Ho & Shao 2011:57 [ref. 31432], Allen & Erdmann 2012:929 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:171 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Priolepis fallacincta Winterbottom & Burridge 1992. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, north to Taiwan, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

fallax, Eviota Greenfield [D. W.] & Allen [G. R.] 2012:42, Figs. 1-8 [Zootaxa No. 3522; ref. 32255] Pulau Lemon, small island near Manokwari, 00°53’S, 134°05’E, West Papua, Indonesia, depth 5-20 meters. Holotype: MZB 20888. Paratypes: CAS 234442 (1); ROM 93064 (1); WAM P33039-009 (7), P33050.002 (4). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Eviota fallax Greenfield & Allen 2012 -- (Greenfield & Jewett 2014:58 [ref. 33326], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:38 [ref. 34537], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:42 [ref. 35011], Greenfield & Erdmann 2017:6 [ref. 35363]). Current status: Valid as Eviota fallax Greenfield & Allen 2012. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fallax, Gobius Sarato [C.] 1889:506 [Gazette Nice Alpes Maritimes No. 16 (Apr. 21); ref. 18655] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MSNG CE 12640 (3); MNHN 1888-0261 to 0263 (1, 1, 1); ZMO 1133 (2). Type catalog: Pethon 1969:10 [ref. 19268], Bauchot et al. 1991:31 [ref. 19958]. Specimens ZMUO J1133 (2) are labeled syntypes but they are not types according to Pethon 1969:1, 10 [ref. 19268]. •Valid as Gobius fallax Sarato 1889 -- (Miller 1973:486 [ref. 6888], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1040 [ref. 13677], Miller 1990:935 [ref. 19376], Al-Hassan 1999:196 [ref. 25945], Kovačić & Miller 2000:235 [ref. 25014], Herler et al. 2005:1059 [ref. 28118], Fricke et al. 2007:103 [ref. 29533], Kovačić & Golani 2008:418 [ref. 33214]. Kovačić & Patzner 2011:186 [ref. 31737], Kovačić et al. 2011:248 [ref. 32868], Kovačić et al. 2012:439 [ref. 32861], Kovačić & Šanda 2016:1121 [ref. 34173], Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2840 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Gobius fallax Sarato 1889. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: ? Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

fangi, Trimma Winterbottom [R.] & Chen [I-S.] 2004:105, Figs. 2-3 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Suppl. No. 11; ref. 27714] Pulau Bajau, Anambas, South China Sea, 3°06'17"N, 106°17'54"E. Holotype: MZB 12621. Paratypes: MZB 12622 (1), NMMBP 7053 (1), ROM 74055 (2), ZRC 49158 (1). •Valid as Trimma fangi Winterbottom & Chen 2004 -- (Adrim et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27715], Hagiwara & Winterbottom 2007:164 [ref. 29103], Winterbottom & Zur 2007:24 [ref. 29376], Allen & Erdmann 2012:937 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:173 [ref. 33932], Winterbottom & Hoese 2015:28, 81 [ref. 33709]). Current status: Valid as Trimma fangi Winterbottom & Chen 2004. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia to Philippines, to Australia and to Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.

farcimen, Gobiopterus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903:205 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2450] Hilo, Hawaii Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 50654. •Valid as Priolepis farcimen (Jordan & Evermann 1903) -- (Winterbottom & Burridge 1993:499 [ref. 20895], Myers 1999:259 [ref. 23965], Greenfield & Randall 2004:540 [ref. 28175] dated 1904, Mundy 2005:480 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:402 [ref. 30952]). Current status: Valid as Priolepis farcimen (Jordan & Evermann 1903). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Johnston Atoll and Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

fasciapectoralis, Gobius Fowler [H. W.] 1938:42, Fig. 5 [Hong Kong Naturalist No. 6, Suppl.; ref. 17760] Hong Kong. Holotype (unique): ANSP 68296. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:106 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Tridentiger trigonocephalus (Gill 1859) -- (Akihito & Sakamoto 1989:101 [ref. 14124], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:452 [ref. 23876]). Current status: Synonym of Tridentiger trigonocephalus (Gill 1859). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fasciata, Astrabe Akihito & Meguro [K.] 1988:414, Fig. 5 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 34 (no. 4); ref. 6694] Tappizaki, Miumaya, Higashitsugaru-gun, Aomori Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: NSMT-P 44535. Paratypes: NSMT-P 44536 (1), NUSMBS 1956523 (1). •Valid as Astrabe fasciata Akihito & Meguro 1988 -- (Suzuki & Uno 1992:4 [ref. 24139], Nakabo 2000:1165 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1165 [ref. 26193], Okamoto & Endo 2007:57 [ref. 30826]). Current status: Valid as Astrabe fasciata Akihito & Meguro 1988. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

fasciata, Zebreleotris Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1953:191 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 82 (no. 2); ref. 2144] Bikini Island, Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: USNM 114010 [ex. UW 8437]. Paratypes: USNM 202512 (1). Type catalog: Meldrim & Wadley 1968:873 [ref. 31181]. •Valid as Amblyeleotris fasciata (Herre 1953) -- (Hoese & Steene 1978:382 [ref. 8713], Yanagisawa 1978:299 [ref. 7028], Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:255 [ref. 6441], Myers 1999:238 [ref. 23965], Mohlmann & Munday 1999:62 [ref. 24273], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:635 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3594 [ref. 26293], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:642 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:26 [ref. 27624] with author as Playfair 1867, Randall 2005:513 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Larson 2006:1618 [ref. 29097], Chen et al. 2006:2564 [ref. 29024], Randall & Jaafar 2009:51 [ref. 30130], Shibukawa 2009:260 [ref. 30449]). Current status: Valid as Amblyeleotris fasciata (Herre 1953). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fasciatopunctatus, Gobius Richardson [J.] 1845:145, Pl. 62 (figs. 13-14) [Ichthyology.--Part 3. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur.; ref. 20575] Canton, China. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1968.5.11.18. Originally fasciato-punctatus. •Valid as Glossogobius fasciatopunctatus (Richardson 1845) -- (Zheng 1989:346 [ref. 21202]). •Synonym of Glossogobius olivaceus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:373 [ref. 7348], Wu & Ni in Kuang et al. 1986:274 [ref. 26639], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:460 [ref. 23876], Vasil'eva 1998:134 [ref. 23591], Kottelat 2013:408 [ref. 32989], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:193 [ref. 35257]). Current status: Synonym of Glossogobius olivaceus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

fasciatum, Gobiosoma Playfair [R. L.] in Playfair & Günther 1867:72 [The fishes of Zanzibar; ref. 3490] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.3.7.495 (skin, in jar). •Valid as Cryptocentrus fasciatus (Playfair 1867) -- (Randall et al. 1990:398 [ref. 15987], Randall & Goren 1993:8 [ref. 21131], Randall et al. 1994:245 [ref. 21645], Randall 1995:333 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:213 [ref. 23922], Randall et al. 1997:398 [ref. 25919], Anderson et al. 1998:27 [ref. 23611], Fricke 1999:507 [ref. 24106], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:408 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:119 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3596 [ref. 26293] dated 1866, Allen & Adrim 2003:57 [ref. 26830] dated 1866, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Heemstra et al. 2004:3328 [ref. 27945], Hoese & Larson 2004:169 [ref. 28074], Randall 2005:526 [ref. 28239], Shibukawa et al. 2005:192 [ref. 28614], Hoese & Larson 2006:1637 [ref. 29097], Fricke et al. 2009:100 [ref. 30213], Hoese et al. 2011:168 [ref. 31450], Freinschlag & Patzner 2012:42 [ref. 31789], Allen & Erdmann 2012:872 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:194 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:161 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Cryptocentrus fasciatus (Playfair 1867). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Indonesia and New Guinea, south to Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

fasciatum, Sicydium Day [F.] 1874:31 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 43 (pt 2, no 1); ref. 17365] Myanmar. Syntypes: ZSI 147 (lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762]. Also appeared in Day 1876:299, Pl. 44 (fig. 7). •Valid as Sicyopterus fasciatus (Day 1874), but possibly conspecific with S. franouxi (Pellegrin 1935) -- (Stiassny & Harrison 2000:151 [ref. 25252]). •Valid as Sicyopterus fasciatus (Day 1874) -- (Maugé 1986:383 [ref. 6218], Sparks & Nelson 2004:4 [ref. 27700], Kottelat 2013:427 [ref. 32989], Keith et al. 2015:92 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Sicyopterus fasciatus (Day 1874). Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fasciatum, Trimma Suzuki [T.], Sakaue [J.] & Senou [H.] 2012:68, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science (Ser. A) Supplement No. 6; ref. 32028] Ngemlis Reef, Ngis Island, Palau, 7°08'17.0'N, 134°13'18.5"E, depth 30 meters, Holotype: OMNH-P 35167. Paratypes: KPM-NI 10995 (1); NSMT-P 106482 [ex OMNH-P 34795] (1). •Valid as Trimma fasciatum Suzuki, Sakaue & Senou 2012 -- (Winterbottom et al. 2014:373 [ref. 33402], Allen 2015:31, 49 [ref. 33704], Suzuki et al. 2015:67 [ref. 33746]). Current status: Valid as Trimma fasciatum Suzuki, Sakaue & Senou 2012. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Palau and Japan. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Apocryptes Macleay [W.] 1883:268 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 17587] New Guinea. Syntypes: AMS I.9196 (2). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:167 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Amblygobius sphynx (Valenciennes 1837) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). Current status: Synonym of Amblygobius sphynx (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

fasciatus, Cryptocentrus Ehrenberg [C. G.] in Klunzinger 1871:479 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 21; ref. 2622] Red Sea. Not available, manuscript name mentioned in passing in synonymy; also appeared in Hemprich & Ehrenberg 1899:9, Pl. 9 (fig. 5) [ref. 4977] but in synonymy of Gobius cryptocentrus Valenciennes 1837. •In the synonymy of Cryptocentrus cryptocentrus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Goren 1979:29 [ref. 1852], Dor 1984:242 [ref. 29757]). Current status: Synonym of Cryptocentrus cryptocentrus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae.

fasciatus, Ctenogobius Gill [T. N.] 1858:376 [16] [Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 6 (nos 10-13, art. 38); ref. 1750] Trinidad Island, West Indies. Lectotype: USNM 7549. Paralectotypes: USNM 198110 (1). On p. 16 of separate. Lectotype selected by Robins & Lachner 1966:868 [ref. 22354]. On p. 16 of separate. •Valid as Ctenogobius fasciatus Gill 1858 -- (Robins & Lachner 1966 [ref. 22354], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1795 [ref. 27111], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:658 [ref. 27061], Pezold 2004:273 [ref. 27685], Nelson et al. 2004:170 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:689 [ref. 28815], Matamoros et al. 2009:24 [ref. 31241], Van Tassell 2011:143 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:176 [ref. 32708], Phillip et al. 2013:24 [ref. 32896], Angulo et al. 2013:1008 [ref. 33194]). Current status: Valid as Ctenogobius fasciatus Gill 1858. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fasciatus, Gobius Fourmanoir [P.] & Crosnier [A.] 1964:22, Fig. 12 [Cahiers O. R. S. T. O. M. (Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer) Série Océanographie No. 6 (1963); ref. 5568] Nosy Be [Nossi-Bé], Mozambique Channel, Madagascar. Syntypes: IRSMNB (2) probably lost. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:56 [ref. 19958]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Gobius fasciatus Cocco 1885. Also a secondary homonym of Apocryptes fasciatus Macleay 1883. Appeared previously as name only in caption of Fourmanoir 1963:Pl. 1 A [ref. 34925]. •Synonym of Amblygobius semicinctus (Bennett 1833) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). Current status: Synonym of Amblygobius semicinctus (Bennett 1833). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Gobius Cocco [A.] 1884-85:113 [Naturalista Siciliano [Il Naturalista Siciliano, Giornale di scienze naturali] v. 4; ref. 4874] Sea of Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Appeared as name only in Cocco 1846:750 [ref. 26448]. •Questionably the same as Zebrus zebrus (Risso 1827) -- (Miller 1973:512 [ref. 6888]). Current status: Uncertain as Zebrus zebrus (Risso 1827). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

fasciatus, Mugilogobius Larson [H. K.] 2001:116, Figs. 109-111 [Records of the Western Australian Museum Suppl. No. 62; ref. 25522] Sungei Buloh mangroves, Singapore. Holotype: ZRC 17099. Paratypes: AMS I.37570-001 (1); CMK 8316 (2); NTM S.13953-016 (9), S.13954-042 (1), 13957-011 (1), 14303-001 (1); ROM 68199 (13); ZRC 29698 (1), 36706-07 (2). •Valid as Mugilogobius fasciatus Larson 2001 -- (Larson et al. 2008:142 [ref. 29532], Ott 2011:74 [ref. 32266], Kottelat 2013:413 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Mugilogobius fasciatus Larson 2001. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Peninsular Thailand and Singapore. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciatus, Oligolepis Wu [H.-L.] & Lin [Sh.-D.] 1983:83 [English p. 85], Fig. 1 [Journal of Fisheries of China v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 21321] Jimei, Xiamen, Fujian [= Fukien], China. Holotype: SFC HB2-16. Paratypes: Third Inst. Oceanogr. Xiamen 038 (1), D9-19 (1), H2-20 (1). •Synonym of Mahidolia mystacina (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:412 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Mahidolia mystacina (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

fasciaventris, Cryptocentrus Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:194, Pl. 9 (fig. F) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 13; ref. 4122] Nosy Be [Nossi-Bé], Mozambique Channel, Madagascar. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 264. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 875 (1). Types may also be types of Cryptocentrus ambanoro Fourmanoir. •Valid as Vanderhorstia fasciaventris (Smith 1959) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:261 [ref. 6441], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:640 [ref. 25122]). •Synonym of Vanderhorstia ambanoro (Fourmanoir 1957) -- (Shibukawa & Suzuki 2004:116 [ref. 28014]). Current status: Synonym of Vanderhorstia ambanoro (Fourmanoir 1957). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fasciola, Eviota Karnella [S. J.] & Lachner [E. A.] 1981:268, Figs. 2-3 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 94 (no. 1); ref. 8583] One Tree Island, Capricorn Group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Holotype: USNM 220560. Paratypes: AMNH 39132 (1); AMS I.15641-049 (1), I.19473-177 (103), I.19483-071 (76), I.21422-001 (15); ANSP 143057-59 (1, 11, 4); CAS 45396 (5); LACM 32820-8 (2); USNM 220559 (11), 220563 (31), 220564 (26, 2 c&s), 220955 (3); WAM P.26843-001 (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:106 [ref. 13621], Hutchins & Smith 1991:39 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:43 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Eviota fasciola Karnella & Lachner 1981 -- (Sunobe & Shimada 1987:96 [ref. 22504], Fricke 1998:4 [ref. 23756], Myers 1999:253 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:1177 [ref. 25182], Larson & Murdy 2001:3596 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1177 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:644 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:27 [ref. 27624], Gill & Jewett 2004:239 [ref. 27775], Randall 2005:530 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Larson 2006:1644 [ref. 29097], Greenfield & Randall 2010:272 [ref. 30765], Hoese & Stewart 2012:66 [ref. 32113], Allen & Erdmann 2012:915 [ref. 31980], Greenfield & Jewett 2014:58 [ref. 33326], Greenfield & Randall 2016:32, 41 [ref. 34356], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:49 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota fasciola Karnella & Lachner 1981. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fayae, Sicydium Brock [V. E.] 1942:122, Figs. 1-3 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 13196] Northern side of Cleopha Island, Tres Marias group, 21°17'24'N, 106°17'54"W, off western coast of Mexico. Holotype: CAS-SU 36535. Paratypes: CAS-SU 36536 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:117 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Sicydium fayae Brock 1942 -- (Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1135 [ref. 22829], Van Tassell 2011:145 [ref. 31732], de Lucena et al.2013:1432 [ref. 32517]). Current status: Valid as Sicydium fayae Brock 1942. Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Mexico [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fehlmanni, Sicyopus Parenti [L. R.] & Maciolek [J. A.] 1993:959, Figs. 4B, 7-8 [Bulletin of Marine Science v. 53 (no. 3); ref. 21279] Amekaud River, northern fork, Cascade zone, Ngardmau Municipality, Babelthuap Islands, 7°33'50"N, 134°33'39"E. Holotype: CAS-SU 52029. Paratypes: BPBM 35016 [ex CAS-SU 52019] (4); ROM 64669 [ex CAS-SU 52024] (4); CAS-SU 52017-19 (1, 3, 9), 52020-24 (4, 1, 10, 1, 34), 52025 (1), 52026 (8, c&s), 52027-28 (10, 4), 69693 [ex CAS-SU 52029] (45); USNM 322472 [ex CAS-SU 52022] (4). •Valid as Sicyopus fehlmanni Parenti & Maciolek 1993 -- (Watson 1995:267 [ref. 21888], Watson 1999:97 [ref. 24143], Watson & Allen 1999:118 [ref. 24140], Larson & Murdy 2001:3603 [ref. 26293], Watson et al. 2001:42 [ref. 25349], Keith & Marquet 2005:390 [ref. 28469] in subgenus Smilosicyopus, Keith et al. 2010:303 [ref. 30933] in subgenus Smilosicyopus). •Valid as Smilosicyopus fehlmanni (Parenti & Maciolek 1993) -- (Keith et al. 2011 [ref. 31023] based on status of Smilosicyopus, Keith & Taillebois 2014:72 [ref. 33422], Keith et al. 2015:164 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Smilosicyopus fehlmanni (Parenti & Maciolek 1993). Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Palau Islands, Papua, Solomon to New Caledonia and Vanuatu [amphidromous]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fehlmanni, Stenogobius (Insularigobius) Watson [R. E.] 1991:634, Figs. 27a-b [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 15 (pt 3); ref. 19908] Behes Stream, Ngermelech Village, Melekeiok Municipality, Babelthuap Island, Palau Islands. Holotype: CAS 51193. Paratypes: AMS I.24812-003 (1); CAS 51194 (1), 57868-76 (1, 2, 1, 3, 2, 6, 1, 21, 3), 58052 (43); CAS-SU 29233 (1), 37328 (1); USNM 65755 (1). •Valid as Stenogobius fehlmanni Watson 1991 -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3602 [ref. 26293]). Current status: Valid as Stenogobius fehlmanni Watson 1991. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Oceania. Habitat: freshwater.

feliceps, Eleotris Blyth [E.] 1860:146 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Port Blair, Andaman Islands. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Gnatholepis or Asterropteryx -- (Larson & Buckle 2012:5 [ref. 32272]). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae.

feroculus, Ctenogobiops Lubbock [R.] & Polunin [N. V. C.] 1977:509, Pl. 2 (not 3); Figs. 5 & 8 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 84 (no. 2); ref. 7264] North side of Ile Amédéé, Grand Récif Ouest, New Caledonia. Holotype: BMNH 1975.5.5.22. Paratypes: BMNH 1976.9.22.1-2 (2), MHNG 1545.39 (1). •Valid as Ctenogobiops feroculus Lubbock & Polunin 1977 -- (Dor 1984:243 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:261 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:399 [ref. 15987], Randall & Goren 1993:9 [ref. 21131], Goren & Dor 1994:64 [ref. 25356], Randall et al. 1997:531 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:240 [ref. 23965], Myers 1999:240 [ref. 23965], Chen et al. 1999:60 [ref. 24094], Nakabo 2000:1232 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:409 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:119 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3596 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1232 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:57 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2003:508 [ref. 27448], Myers & Donaldson 2003:642 [ref. 27495] with author as Pulonin, Lobel & Lobel 2004:76 [ref. 27576] with author as Pulonin, Randall 2005:528 [ref. 28239], Randall et al. 2007:26 [ref. 29015], Hoese & Larson 2006:1639 [ref. 29097], Kovačić et al. 2011:60 [ref. 31957], Allen & Erdmann 2012:876 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:162 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Ctenogobiops feroculus Lubbock & Polunin 1977. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea to Micronesia, east to Marshall and Solomon Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

ferox, Acentrogobius Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:200, Fig. 15 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 13; ref. 4122] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 191. Paratypes: (5) AMS I.19411-001 (1), SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 32579 (3). •Questionably a synonym of Acentrogobius simplex (Sauvage 1880) -- (Maugé 1986:358 [ref. 6218]). •Synonym of Acentrogobius simplex (Sauvage 1880) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). Current status: Synonym of Acentrogobius simplex (Sauvage 1880). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

ferrarisi, Exyrias Murdy [E. O.] 1985:8, Pl. IIA, Figs. 1-3 [Indo-Pacific Fishes No. 10; ref. 19200] Bolinao, Pangasinan Province, Luzon Island, Philippines, depth 1-2 meters. Holotype: USNM 260640. Paratypes: USNM 265012 (1). •Valid as Exyrias ferrarisi Murdy 1985 -- (Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:637 [ref. 25122], Larson & Murdy 2001:3597 [ref. 26293], Allen & Adrim 2003:58 [ref. 26830], Allen & Randall 2005:231 [ref. 28537], Allen & Erdmann 2012:968 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:164 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Exyrias ferrarisi Murdy 1985. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Philippines, east to Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

ferreri, Aphya de Buen [O.] & Fage [L.] 1908:105, Fig. 1-5 [Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale: Histoire Naturelle, Morphologie, Histologie, Évolution des Animaux fondées par Henri de Lacaze-Duthiers, Notes et Revue, Sér. 4 v. 8 (no. 4, art. 15); ref. 14309] Vicinity of Mahon, Spain, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Valid as Pseudaphya ferreri (de Buen & Fage 1908) -- (Miller 1973:512 [ref. 6888], Miller 1973:356 [ref. 25583], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1079 [ref. 13677], Kovačić & Golani 2008:423 [ref. 33214], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:188 [ref. 31737], Kovačić et al. 2012:441 [ref. 32861]). Current status: Valid as Pseudaphya ferreri (de Buen & Fage 1908). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Mediterranean Sea endemic including Adriatic Sea. Habitat: marine.

ferrugineus, Gobius Kolombatović [G.] 1891:18 [Godicnje Izviesće C. K. Velike Realke u Splitu za Skolsku Godinu, Split v. 1890-1891; ref. 18430] Dalmatia, Croatia, Adriatic Sea, Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: ?NMW 29363-64 (12, 4), 37509-19 (11), 77868 (15). •Synonym of Pomatoschistus marmoratus (Risso 1810) -- (Miller 1973:508 [ref. 6888], Kottelat 1997:180 [ref. 22952], Vasil'eva 1998:143 [ref. 23591]). Current status: Synonym of Pomatoschistus marmoratus (Risso 1810). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

festivus, Gobius De Vis [C. W.] 1884:687 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 17383] Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.398, QM I.9934 (8, 1, 4, 10). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:175 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Yongeichthys nebulosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Hoese & Larson 2006:1697 [ref. 29097], Kottelat 2013:432 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Yongeichthys nebulosus (Forsskål 1775). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

festivus, Pseudogobiopsis Larson [H. K.] 2009:155, Figs. 22-24 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 57 (no. 1); ref. 30125] 8.6 kilometers after turnoff to Sungei Cina Matang after entrance to Matang Reserve, near Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia. Holotype: ZRC 40279. Paratypes: CMK 8401 [to go to ZRC] (12); NTM S.14299-001 (7); ZRC 27842-3 (2), 29082-3 (2), 40280 (6), 50715 (9); ZSM\KEW 538 (5). Plus other material. Pseudogobiopsis is feminine, therefore correction of the adjective to festiva. •Valid as Pseudogobiopsis festiva Larson 2009 -- (Kottelat 2013:421 [ref. 32989], Larson et al. 2017:180 [ref. 35338] as festivus). Current status: Valid as Pseudogobiopsis festiva Larson 2009. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Sarawak, Malaysia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

figaro, Elacatinus Sazima [I.], Moura [R. L. de] & Rosa [R. S.] 1997:34, Figs. 1-6 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 23134] Pedra do Navio, Ilha Ancieta, 23°33'S, 45°05'W, Ubatuba, São Paulo, Brazil, depth 5 meters. Holotype: MZUSP 50859. Paratypes: MZUSP 44611 (1), 46164 (1), 49139 (1), 50066 (1); UFPB 3464-65 (1, 1); USNM 342126 (1); ZUEC 2703 (1, c&s), 3012 (4, c&s), 3027 (1). •Valid as Elacatinus figaro Sazima, Moura & Rosa 1997 -- (Hoese & Reader 2001:157 [ref. 26035], Rüber et al. 2003:1596 [ref. 26969], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:98 [ref. 27192], Guimarães et al. 2004:2 [ref. 27977], Colin 2010:38, 49 [ref. 30879], Van Tassell 2011:152 [ref. 31732]). Current status: Valid as Elacatinus figaro Sazima, Moura & Rosa 1997. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Brazil. Habitat: marine.

filamentosa, Discordipinna Chen [I-S.], Suzuki [T.] & Shao [K.-T.] 2012:276, Figs. 2-4 [Zootaxa No. 3367; ref. 32040] Kumejim Okinama Island, Ryukyu Islands, 26°23.090'N, 126°47.832'E, Japan, trawl, depth 80-82 meters. Holotype (unique): NSMT-P 104037. Additional material: Photographic records from Malaysia, Ryukyu Islands, and Kashiwajima Island, Japan. •Valid as Discordipinna filamentosa Chen, Suzuki & Shao 2012. Current status: Valid as Discordipinna filamentosa Chen, Suzuki & Shao 2012. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Ryukyu Islands and Japan. Habitat: marine.

filamentosa, Eviota Sukuzi [T.] & Greenfield [D. W.] 2014:36, Figs. 4-7 [Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation v. 11 (no. 3); ref. 33412] Off Chabana Fishing Port, Yoron-jima Island, the Ryukyu Islands, Japan, 27°03’40"N, 128°25’02"E, depth 15-17 meters. Holotype: KAUM-I 50855. Paratypes: OMNH-P 34246 (1). •Valid as Eviota filamentosa Sukuzi & Greenfield 2014 -- (Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:35 [ref. 34537], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:80 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota filamentosa Sukuzi & Greenfield 2014. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Habitat: marine.

filamentosus, Ctenogobius Wu [H.-W.] 1939:137, Pl. 3 (fig. 8) [Sinensia v. 10 (nos 1-6); ref. 4805] Yangso, Li Kiang, Kwangsi Province, southern China. Syntypes: 423-25 (3). •Valid as Ctenogobius filamentosus Wu 1939 -- (Zheng 1989:350 [ref. 21202]). •Valid as Rhinogobius filamentosus (Wu 1939) -- (Chen et al. 2008:341 [ref. 29895], Huang et al. 2016:[8] [ref. 34339], Zhang et al. 2016:202 [ref. 34477], Takahashi & Okazaki 2017:[2] [ref. 35171], Suzuki et al. 2017:81 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Valid as Rhinogobius filamentosus (Wu 1939). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Gwangxi [Guangxi] and Gwangdong [Guangdong] provinces, China. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

filamentosus, Gobius Risso [A.] 1827:285 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Probably near Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:56 [ref. 19958]. •Possible synonym of Lesueurigobius suerii (Risso 1810) -- (Miller 1973:499 [ref. 6888], Miller 1990:941 [ref. 19376]). •Questionably a synonym of Zosterisessor ophiocephalus (Pallas 1814) -- (Miller 1973:514 [ref. 6888], Kottelat 1997:181 [ref. 22952], Pinchuk et al. in Miller 2004:5 [ref. 27853]). •Questionably a synonym of Gobius ophiocephalus Pallas 1814l Current status: Uncertain as Gobius ophiocephalus Pallas 1814. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

filamentosus, Gobius Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:19 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Reposrt and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Adelaide, South Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1089. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:32 [ref. 19958]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Gobius filamentosus Risso 1827. •Synonym of Arenigobius bifrenatus (Kner 1865) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:784 [ref. 22532], Hoese & Larson 2006:1624 [ref. 29097]). Current status: Synonym of Arenigobius bifrenatus (Kner 1865). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

filamentosus, Gobius Sauvage [H.-E.] 1883:157 [14] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 7; ref. 3897] New Caledonia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-4886. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:31 [ref. 19958]. On p. 14 of separate. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Gobius filamentosus Risso 1827 and Castelnau 1875, replaced by Drombus whitleyi Fowler 1931. •Synonym of Bathygobius fuscus (Rüppell 1830) -- (Akihito & Meguro 1980:221 [ref. 6920], Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:349 [ref. 28867], Kottelat 2013:402 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Bathygobius fuscus (Rüppell 1830). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

filamentosus, Trimma Winterbottom [R.] 1995:94, Figs. 3-4 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 22 (nos 3-4); ref. 21961] Muqebila, Egypt, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Holotype: ROM 54842. Paratypes: ANSP 158827 (1); BPBM 18223 (13), 18312 (2); ROM 54843 (3), 68975 (1); SMF 22145 (1); TAU [= SMNHTAU] 8448 (1), 10076 (9), 10078 (1); USNM 206373 (and 295298) (4), 294006 (1), 295238 (and 295367) (7), 298811 (1), 298813 (1). Trimma filamentosus is a noun in apposition. •Valid as Trimma filamentosus Winterbottom 1995 -- (Winterbottom 2003:12 [ref. 26964], Hagiwara & Winterbottom 2007:164 [ref. 29103], Hoese et al. 2015:538 [ref. 33990], Bogorodsky et al. 2016:171 [ref. 34658]). Current status: Valid as Trimma filamentosus Winterbottom 1995. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Northern Red Sea endemic: Gulf of Aqaba. Habitat: marine.

filifer, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:106 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Indian seas. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-0994. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:32 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Cryptocentrus filifer (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:363 [ref. 7348], Yanagisawa 1978:276 [ref. 7028], Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:258 [ref. 6441], Randall 1995:333 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:213 [ref. 23922], Cheng & Zhou 1997:376 [ref. 26385], Fricke 1999:507 [ref. 24106], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1225 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:245 [ref. 25480], Larson & Murdy 2001:3596 [ref. 26293], Shimizu 2001:41 [ref. 25799], Wang et al. 2001:265 [ref. 26566] with authors as Cuvier & Valenciennes, Nakabo 2002:1225 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:399, 660 [ref. 26218], Matsui et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33344]). •Valid as Myersina filifer (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Winterbottom 2002:70 [ref. 25955], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S119 [ref. 27377], Hoese & Larson 2004:168 [ref. 28074], Shibukawa & Satapoomin 2006:29 [ref. 28710], Larson et al. 2008:150 [ref. 29532], Fricke et al. 2009:102 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:880 [ref. 31980], Yoshida et al. 2013:192 [ref. 34464], Prokofiev 2016:648 [ref. 35020]). Current status: Valid as Myersina filifer (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf east to Pakistan, Indonesia, southern China north to Korea and Japan; possibly Réunion (western Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

filifer, Mugilogobius Larson [H. K.] 2001:119, Figs. 22B, 112-115 [Records of the Western Australian Museum Suppl. No. 62; ref. 25522] Mangroves, Darwin Harbour, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: NTM S.12358-001. Paratypes: AMS I.19356-013 (1), I.20927-010 (2), I.20927-012 (1), I.23279-008 (66), I.23281-017 (69), I.25511-004 (2); NTM S.10472-022 (9), S.10694-013 (33), S.12836-001 (2), S.14348-001 (1); QM I.2252 (1); USNM 316186 (1), 316179 (1); WAM P.25668-014 (12). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:44 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Mugilogobius filifer Larson 2001 -- (Hoese & Larson 2006:1665 [ref. 29097], Larson et al. 2013:201 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Mugilogobius filifer Larson 2001. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

filosus, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:78 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-0989 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:32 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Glossogobius kokius (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Maugé 1986:369 [ref. 6218], Fricke 1999:512 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Glossogobius kokius (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fimbriidens, Ranulina Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1906:523, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 31 (no. 1493); ref. 2531] Port Arthur, Manchuria, China. Holotype: USNM 55633. Paratypes: CAS-SU 9882 (25). Additional material (or paratypes): USNM 61168 (6, not found in 1980). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:131, 146 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:116 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Lophiogobius ocellicauda Günther 1873 -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:389 [ref. 7348], Prokofiev 2007:152 [ref. 34653]). Current status: Synonym of Lophiogobius ocellicauda Günther 1873. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: marine.

finistrinum, Trimma Winterbottom [R.] 2017:564, Figs. 3-5 [Zootaxa 4269 (no. 4); ref. 35329] Fiji, between Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, back of cave at base of small vertical wall, 17°13'41"S, 178°31'58.7"E, depth 10.7 meters. Holotype: ROM 101380. Paratypes: BPBM, ROM. •Valid as Trimma finistrinum Winterbottom 2017. Current status: Valid as Trimma finistrinum Winterbottom 2017. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Fiji Islands. Habitat: marine.

fishelsoni, Bathygobius Goren [M.] 1978:271, Figs. 6, 7a-b [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 58 (nos 5/6) (for 1977); ref. 8929] El Bilayim, about 180 kilometers south of Suez, Sinai, Egypt, Gulf of Suez, Red Sea. Holotype: HUJ 7554. Paratypes: HUJ 10913 (1) and 10914 (1) [ex HUJ 5697c and 7627]. Type catalog: Golani 2006:34 [ref. 28840] but without 10913-14. •Valid as Bathygobius fishelsoni Goren 1978 -- (Goren 1979:26 [ref. 1852], Dor 1984:240 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:63 [ref. 25356]). Current status: Valid as Bathygobius fishelsoni Goren 1978. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Northern Red Sea endemic: Gulf of Suez. Habitat: marine.

fishelsoni, Trimma Goren [M.] 1985:64, Figs. 1-3 [Israel Journal of Zoology v. 33 (nos 1-2); ref. 8157] "University Reef," Sinai, Egypt, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, depth 15 meters. Holotype: TAU 6569 [= SMNHTAU]. Paratypes: AMS 23966-001 (2); BPBM 29205 (7); TAU [= SMNHTAU] 6570-71 (5, 5). •Valid as Trimma fishelsoni Goren 1985 -- (Goren & Dor 1994:66 [ref. 25356], Winterbottom 1995:96 [ref. 21961], Allen & Munday 1995:103 [ref. 21938], Hagiwara & Winterbottom 2007:164 [ref. 29103], Winterbottom & Zur 2007:17 [ref. 29376], Winterbottom et al. 2014:426 [ref. 33155], Winterbottom & Hoese 2015:41, 87 [ref. 33709] as fishelsohni on p. 70, Hoese et al. 2015:538 [ref. 33990], Bogorodsky et al. 2016:178 [ref. 34658]). Current status: Valid as Trimma fishelsoni Goren 1985. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

fisheri, Chriolepis Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1942:297 [13] [Stanford University Publications, University Series, Biological Sciences v. 7 (no. 2); ref. 2135] Off Barbados, West Indies, depth 45 fathoms. Holotype: CAS-SU 37262. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:109 [ref. 12291]. On p. 13 of separate. •Valid as Varicus fisheri (Herre 1942) -- (Smith et al. 2003:66 [ref. 27621]). •Valid as Chriolepis fisheri Herre 1942 -- (Hastings & Bortone 1981:434 [ref. 5246], Cervigón 1994:159 [ref. 24488], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1793 [ref. 27111], Dennis et al. 2004:81 [ref. 31601], Van Tassell 2011:151 [ref. 31732], Hastings & Findley 2013:599 [ref. 33005], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:76 [ref. 33341] as cf. fisheri, Hastings & Findley 2015:594 [ref. 33639], Pinheiro et al. 2015:30 [ref. 34324], Tornabene et al. 2016:13 [ref. 34435] as incertae sedis). Current status: Valid as Chriolepis fisheri Herre 1942. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

fisunovi, Tryssogobius Prokofiev [A. M.] 2017:231, Fig. 1 [Voprosy Ikhtiologii v. 57 (no. 2); ref. 35281] South China Sea to the south of the Anambas Islands (Indonesia), 02°03'N, 105°37'E, depth 73 meters. Holotype: ZMMU 23820. Paratypes: ZMMU. •Valid as Tryssogobius fisunovi Prokofiev 2017. Current status: Valid as Tryssogobius fisunovi Prokofiev 2017. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: South China Sea. Habitat: marine.

flammeus, Zonogobius Smith [J. L. B.] 1959:209, Pl. 10 (fig. G) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 13; ref. 4122] Pinda, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 180. Paratypes: AMS 19412-001 [ex SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 650] (2); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 650-661 (12, 1, 2, 3, 1, 5, 1, 1, 7, 3, 1, 1). The gender of Trimma genus is neuter; flammeum is correct. •Synonym of Trimma macrophthalma [macrophthalmum] (Tomiyama 1936) -- (Hoese 1986:805 [ref. 5670], Randall 2005:553 [ref. 28239] as flammea). •Valid as Trimma flammeum (Smith 1959) -- (Randall & Goren 1993:22 [ref. 21131], Randall 1994:270 [ref. 21644], Winterbottom 2002:46 [ref. 26166], Winterbottom 2003:12 [ref. 26964], Hagiwara & Winterbottom 2007:164 [ref. 29103], Winterbottom & Southcott 2007:73 [ref. 29375], Winterbottom & Hoese 2015:4, 51 [ref. 33709]). Current status: Valid as Trimma flammeum (Smith 1959). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa to Seychelles, Maldives and Chagos Archipelago. Habitat: marine.

flavatrum, Trimma Hagiwara [K.] & Winterbottom [R.] 2007:164, Figs. 1-6 [Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science (Ser. A) Supplement No. 1; ref. 29103] Nishikomi Cave, 28°13'54"N, 129°10'35"E, Amami-Oshima Island, Setouchi Town, Oshima County, Nansei Islands, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan, depth 8 meters. Holotype: YCM-P42599. Paratypes: (21) at BPBM, BLIH, ROM, NSMT, YCM. Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Shibata et al. 2011:20 [ref. 31469]. •Valid as Trimma flavatrum Hagiwara & Winterbottom 2007 -- (Winterbottom & Zur 2007:20 [ref. 29376], Shibata et al. 2011:20 [ref. 31469], Allen & Erdmann 2012:937 [ref. 31980], Winterbottom et al. 2014:373 [ref. 33402], Fricke et al. 2014:173 [ref. 33932], Allen 2015:31 [ref. 33704], Winterbottom & Hoese 2015:31 [ref. 33709], Suzuki et al. 2015:67 [ref. 33746]). Current status: Valid as Trimma flavatrum Hagiwara & Winterbottom 2007. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean: Indonesia to Philippines, Japan, south to Queensland (Australia), east to Fiji and Samoa. Habitat: marine.

flavescens, Gobius Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:557 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepéde) v. 2; ref. 2709] Name only, not available in account of Gobius jozo. Gobiidae.

flavescens, Gobius De Vis [C. W.] 1884:689 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 17383] Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.434 (2). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:161 [ref. 2676]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Gobius flavescens Fabricius 1779, replaced by Parvigobius immeritus Whitley 1930. •Synonym of Redigobius bikolanus (Herre 1927) -- (Larson 2001:205 [ref. 25522], Hoese & Larson 2006:1681 [ref. 29097], Larson 2010:134 [ref. 30783], Kottelat 2013:423 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Redigobius bikolanus (Herre 1927). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

flavescens, Gobius Fabricius [J. C.] 1779:322 [Reise nach Norwegen mit Bemerkungen aus der Naturhistorie und Oekonomie; ref. 18074] Walderhog, 11 mi. northeast of Christiansund (Kristiansund), Romsdal, Norway. No types known. Original as flauescens in historical typeset which equals flavescens; common recent usage is flavescens; that spelling can be maintained. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:48 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Gobiusculus flavescens (Fabricius 1779) -- (Miller 1973:496 [ref. 6888], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1046 [ref. 13677], McKay & Miller 1997:1464 [ref. 24951], Fricke 1999:47 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:178 [ref. 26753], Huyse et al. 2004:327 [ref. 27956], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:186 [ref. 31737], Psomadakis et al. 2012:17 [ref. 33457], Parin et al. 2014:484 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Gobiusculus flavescens (Fabricius 1779). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Baltic Sea, North Sea,?western Mediterranean Sea (rare), eastern Atlantic: Faroes and Norway south to Portugal. Habitat: brackish, marine.

flavicaudatus, Quisquilius Goren [M.] 1982:139, Fig. 1 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 56 (no. 11); ref. 8474] Marsa Bareika, South Sinai Governorate, Egypt, Red Sea, ca. 27°47'N, 34°13'E. Holotype: TAU 7743 [= SMNHTAU]. Paratypes: RMNH 28186 [ex TAU [= SMNHTAU] 7747] (2), 28187 [ex TAU [= SMNHTAU] 7744] (2); TAU [= SMNHTAU] 7744 (now 2), 7747 (orig. 5, now 3). Additional material: TAU [= SMNHTAU] 7745-46 (3, 2). The gender of Trimma is neuter; species should be spelled flavicaudatum. •Valid as Quisquilius flavicaudatus Goren 1982 -- (Dor 1984:250 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Trimma flavicaudatus (Goren 1982) -- (Goren & Dor 1994:66 [ref. 25356], Winterbottom 1995:96 [ref. 21961], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S119 [ref. 27377], Hagiwara & Winterbottom 2007:164 [ref. 29103], Winterbottom et al. 2014:378 [ref. 33402], Winterbottom & Hoese 2015:14, 28 [ref. 33709]). •Valid as Trimma flavicaudatum (Goren 1982) -- (Hoese et al. 2015:538 [ref. 33990], Bogorodsky et al. 2016:171 [ref. 34658]). Current status: Valid as Trimma flavicaudatum (Goren 1982). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Gulf of Aden (northwestern Indian Ocean) and Red Sea. Habitat: marine.

flavidus, Gobiodon De Vis [C. W.] 1884:449 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 4); ref. 1089] Banks Group, Vanuatu, southwestern Pacific. Holotype (unique): QM I.105 (poor condition, bottle empty in 1997). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:174 [ref. 2676]. Gobiidae: Gobiinae.

flavidus, Gobius Macleay [W.] 1881:602 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2869] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: MAMU F1156 (label only, specimen missing). Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:209 [ref. 19518]. Correct spelling is kreftii, not named for G. Krefft. •Synonym of Bathygobius kreftii (Steindachner 1866) -- (Hoese & Larson 2006:1628 [ref. 29097]). Current status: Synonym of Bathygobius kreftii (Steindachner 1866). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

flavilineata, Vanderhorstia Allen [G. R.] & Munday [P. L.] 1995:103, Figs. 7-8 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 22 (nos 3-4); ref. 21938] Hanging Gardens Reef, off Walindi Plantation Resort, Kimbe Bay, New Britain Island, Bismarck Archipelago, depth 27 fathoms. Holotype: WAM P.30896-001. Paratypes: WAM P.30896-003 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:46 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Vanderhorstia flavilineata Allen & Munday 1995 -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3600 [ref. 26293], Shibukawa & Suzuki 2004:117 [ref. 28014], Allen & Erdmann 2012:889 [ref. 31980], Suzuki & Chen 2014:207 [ref. 33152], Fricke et al. 2014:177 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Vanderhorstia flavilineata Allen & Munday 1995. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: New Britain, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

flavimaculata, Astrabe Akihito & Meguro [K.] 1988:412, Fig. 13 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 34 (no. 4); ref. 6694] Izu Ocean Park, Futo, Ito, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan, depth 5 meters. Holotype: NSMT-P 44138. Paratypes: NSMT-P 44139-43 (6); USNM 71404 (1). •Valid as Astrabe flavimaculata Akihito & Meguro 1988 -- (Nakabo 2000:1165 [ref. 25182], Nakabo 2002:1165 [ref. 26193], Okamoto & Endo 2007:58 [ref. 30826]). Current status: Valid as Astrabe flavimaculata Akihito & Meguro 1988. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Japan. Habitat: marine.

flavimanus, Gobius Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1845:141, Pl. 74 (fig. 1) [Fauna Japonica Parts 7-9; ref. 4373] River mouths of Nagasaki Bay, Japan. Lectotype: RMNH 1905a. Paralectotypes: RMNH 1095b (1), 1096-97 (1, 15). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:121 [ref. 12876]; see also other specimens discussed by Boeseman 1947:121 [ref. 12876]. •Synonym of Gymnogobius macrognathos (Bleeker 1860) -- (Berg 1949:1073 [ref. 20662] as macrognathus). •Valid as Acentrogobius flavimanus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Berg 1949:1076 [ref. 20662]). •Valid as Acanthogobius flavimanus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Okada 1961:671 [ref. 6363], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:367 [ref. 7348], Lee et al. 1980:785 [ref. 22416], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:261 [ref. 9277], Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:278 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:624 [ref. 25598], Gomon et al. 1994:782 [ref. 22532], Takahashi 1996:2 [ref. 24363], Cheng & Zhou 1997:384 [ref. 26385], Kim 1997:438 [ref. 24032], Takahashi et al. 1997:48 [ref. 24971], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:752 [ref. 24702], Kuiter 1997:354 [ref. 25488], Vasil'eva 1998:125 [ref. 23591], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:13 [ref. 24670], Sato et al. 1998:41 [ref. 24972], Mizuno et al. 1999:11 [ref. 25311], Fuller et al. 1999:458 [ref. 25838], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:635 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1207 [ref. 25182], Lee 2001:50 [ref. 25335], Pietsch et al. 2001:145 [ref. 25688], Sakai et al. 2001:108 [ref. 25693], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:47 [ref. 26178], Wang et al. 2001:267 [ref. 26566], Kim & Park 2002:361 [ref. 25913], Nakabo 2002:1207 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:398, 656 [ref. 26218], Moyle 2002:436 [ref. 26449], Yonezawa & Shinomiya 2002:2 [ref. 26563], Hagiwara 2003:38 [ref. 27188], Vasil'eva 2003:S41 [ref. 28444], Nelson et al. 2004:169 [ref. 27807], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:214 [ref. 28183], Hoese & Larson 2006:1616 [ref. 29097], Hoese & Larson 2008:750 [ref. 30660], Page & Burr 2011:618 [ref. 31215], Larson 2011:237 [ref. 31740], Shibukawa & Iwata 2013:47 [ref. 32580], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Matsui et al. 2014:6 [ref. 33344], Parin et al. 2015:474 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Acanthogobius flavimanus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Japan, Korea, China and Russia; introduced (invasive) elsewhere, including bays in California, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

flavipinnata, Eviota Suzuki [T.], Greenfield [D. W.] & Motomura [H.] 2015:400, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa 4007 (no. 3); ref. 33946] Off Chabana Fishing Port, Yoron Island, the Ryukyu Islands, Japan, 27°03ʹ40"N, 128°25ʹ02ʺE. Holotype (unique): NSMT-P 110502. •Valid as Eviota flavipinnata Suzuki, Greenfield & Motomura 2015 -- (Greenfield & Jewett 2016:76 [ref. 34495], Tornabene & Greenfield 2016:6 [ref. 34518], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:72 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota flavipinnata Suzuki, Greenfield & Motomura 2015. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Habitat: marine.

flavipinnis, Stupidogobius Aurich [H.] 1938:149, Fig. 15 [Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie, Leipzig v. 38 (no. 1/2); ref. 152] Towoeti [Towuti] Lake, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: ZMH H419 (1). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:166 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:408 [ref. 21161]. •Valid as Glossogobius flavipinnis (Aurich 1938) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:145 [ref. 23448], Kottelat 2013:407 [ref. 32989], Hoese et al. 2015:14 [ref. 33684], Miesen et al. 2016:93 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Glossogobius flavipinnis (Aurich 1938). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Towuti Lake, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

flavobrunneus, Mucogobius Smith [J. L. B.] 1958:145, Pl. 2 (fig. C); Fig. 6 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 11; ref. 4118] Pinda, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 211. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 727 (6, now 5); USNM 210407 (2), 210410-11 (1, 2). •Valid as Callogobius flavobrunneus (Smith 1958) -- (Goren 1980:214 [ref. 8716], Dor 1984:241 [ref. 29757], McKinney & Lachner 1984:627 [ref. 21192], Hoese 1986:784 [ref. 5670], Goren et al. 1991:300 [ref. 19765], Goren & Dor 1994:63 [ref. 25356], Suzuki et al. 1996:4 [ref. 24360], Fricke 1999:504 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:1168 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:42 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3595 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1168 [ref. 26193], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S118 [ref. 27377], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:178 [ref. 27510], Heemstra et al. 2004:3328 [ref. 27945], Hoese & Larson 2006:1632 [ref. 29097], Fricke et al. 2009:100 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:964 [ref. 31980], Delventhal & Mooi 2013:156 [ref. 32677], Delventhal & Mooi 2014:147 [ref. 33337], Delventhal et al. 2016:238 [ref. 34863]). Current status: Valid as Callogobius flavobrunneus (Smith 1958). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: East Africa, Seychelles and Mascarenes east to Chagos Archipelago. Habitat: marine.

flavolineatus, Tryssogobius Randall [J. E.] 2006:107, Figs. 2-3 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 11 (no. 3); ref. 28873] Molucca Islands, Halmahera, Elmoos Reef, 0°10'N, 128°00'E, Indonesia, depth 55 meters. Holotype: BPBM 34220. Paratypes: BMNH 2006.6.28.1 (1); BPBM 36936 (2), 40450 (1); CAS 224074 (1); NCIV 6314 (1); NSMT-P 73206 (1); USNM 387257 (1); WAM P.32798-004 (1). Type catalog: Not treated by Moore et al. 2008 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Tryssogobius flavolineatus Randall 2006 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:951 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:175 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Tryssogobius flavolineatus Randall 2006. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: eastern Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Habitat: marine.

flavomaculatus, Mugilogobius Huang [S.-P.], Chen [I-S.], Yung [M. M. N.] & Shao [K.-T.] 2016:6, Figs. 4A, 5, 6A [Zoological Studies v. 55 (no. 39); ref. 34500] Estuary of Zhuan River, Toucheng Township, Yilan County, Taiwan. Holotype: ASIZ P0078393. Paratypes: NTOUP. •Valid as Mugilogobius flavomaculatus Huang, Chen, Yung & Shao 2016. Current status: Valid as Mugilogobius flavomaculatus Huang, Chen, Yung & Shao 2016. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

flavoventris, Rhinogobius Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:276, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) or Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Philippine Journal of Science v. 34 (no. 3); ref. 2103] Lake Taal, Luzon Island, Philippines. Syntypes: BSMP (37) presumed destroyed. •Valid as Rhinogobius flavoventris Herre 1927 -- (Kottelat 2013:425 [ref. 32989], Takahashi & Okazaki 2017:[3] [ref. 35171]). •Valid as Silhouettea flavoventris (Herre 1927) -- (Suzuki et al. 2017:81 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Valid as Silhouettea flavoventris (Herre 1927). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: freshwater.

flavus, Cryptocentrus Yanagisawa [Y.] 1978:274, Pl. 1 (fig. b); Figs. 2, 3b [Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory v. 24 (nos 4/6); ref. 7028] Kabira Bay, Ishigaki Island, Yaeyama Islands [Nansei Islands], southern Ryukyu Islands, Japan, depth 1 meter. Holotype: SMBL 290 [not seen at FAKU]. Paratypes: SMBL 291-92 (1, 1) [not seen at FAKU]. Type catalog: Harada 1991:222 [ref. 20030]. •Valid as Cryptocentrus flavus Yanagisawa 1978 -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:258 [ref. 6441]). Current status: Valid as Cryptocentrus flavus Yanagisawa 1978. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

flavus, Gobiodon Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:51 [12] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3887] Poulo Condor, Vietnam. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1322. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:23 [ref. 19958]. On p. 12 of separate. Gobiidae: Gobiinae.

flavus, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:60 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Suriname. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1344. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:32 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Awaous flavus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Watson & Horsthemke 1995:84 [ref. 21933], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:658 [ref. 27061], Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27192], Lasso-Alcalá & Lasso 2008:121 [ref. 30588], Van Tassell 2011:142 [ref. 31732], Phillip et al. 2013:24 [ref. 32896]). Current status: Valid as Awaous flavus (Valenciennes 1837). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: South America in coastal streams: Brazil, Colombia, Guyana, Suriname and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

flavus, Vomerogobius Gilbert [C. R.] 1971:35, Figs. 4d, 5 [Copeia 1971 (no. 1); ref. 1641] South side of western end of East Plana Cay, Bahamas, depth 36-42 meters. Holotype: ANSP 109589. Paratypes: AMNH 25817SW (5, now 4, c&s), UF 13450 (4), 224218 [ex UMML 24218, ex AMNH 25817SW] (1, c&s), USNM 203448 (1). Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:112 [ref. 21035], Böhlke 1984:106 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Vomerogobius flavus Gilbert 1971 -- (Murdy & Hoese 2003:1795 [ref. 27111], Smith et al. 2003:66 [ref. 27621], Van Tassell 2011:145 [ref. 31732]). Current status: Valid as Vomerogobius flavus Gilbert 1971. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas. Habitat: marine.

flebilis, Eviota Greenfield [D. W.], Suzuki [T.] & Shibukawa [K.] 2014:482, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa 3774 (no. 5); ref. 33193] Nakana, Iriomote-Jima Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, 24.4341"N, 123.7905"E, depth 5-8 meters. Holotype (unique): NSMT-P 114944. •Valid as Eviota flebilis Greenfield, Suzuki & Shibukawa 2014 -- (Greenfield & Randall 2016:30, 45 [ref. 34356] as cf. flebilis (not this species), Greenfield & Suzuki 2016:5 [ref. 34895], Greenfield & Winterbottom 2016:62 [ref. 35011]). Current status: Valid as Eviota flebilis Greenfield, Suzuki & Shibukawa 2014. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Ryukyu Islands, Japan Habitat: marine.

flumineus, Tukugobius Mizuno [N.] 1960:117, Fig. 1 [Memoirs of the College of Science, Kyoto University (Ser. B, Biology) v. 27 (no. 2); ref. 11937] Sôshagawa River at Oshita, Ochigun District, Ehime Prefecture, Shikoku, Japan. Holotype: FAKU [ex Mizuno coll.]. Paratypes: FAKU [ex Mizuno coll.] (5). •Valid as Rhinogobius flumineus (Mizuno 1960) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:271 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:600 [ref. 25598], Shimizu et al. 1993:329 [ref. 22464], Sato 1995:52 [ref. 25531], Uehara 1996:89 [ref. 24778], Takahashi et al. 1997:48 [ref. 24971], Chen & Miller 1998:219 [ref. 23576], Sato et al. 1998:43 [ref. 24972], Chen et al. 1999:176 [ref. 23885], Hirashima & Tachihara 2000:29 [ref. 24515], Sakai et al. 2000:52 [ref. 24911], Nakabo 2000:1255 [ref. 25182], Matsuura et al. 2000:236 [ref. 26000], Nakabo 2002:1255 [ref. 26193], Chen & Fang 2006:252 [ref. 28955], Chen et al. 2008:341 [ref. 29895], Suzuki et al. 2012:697 [ref. 31734], Huang et al. 2016:[8] [ref. 34339], Takahashi & Okazaki 2017:[2] [ref. 35171], Suzuki et al. 2017:82 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Valid as Rhinogobius flumineus (Mizuno 1960). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Japan. Habitat: freshwater.

fluvialis, Luciogobius Kanagawa [N.], Itai [T.] & Senou [H.] 2011:70, Figs. 4-6 [Bulletin of the Kanagawa Prefectural Museum (Natural Science) No. 40; ref. 31329] Middle reaches of Warashima River of the Abe River sysem, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: KPM-NI 23668. Paratypes: CMNH-ZF 17132-34 (3), KPM-NI 23660-62 (3, c&s), 23663-67 (5),23669 (1); NSMT-P 94273-78 (6, 1 c&s), 94279 (1); TKPM-P 17322-24 (3). •Valid as Luciogobius fluvialis Kanagawa, Itai & Senou 2011. Current status: Valid as Luciogobius fluvialis Kanagawa, Itai & Senou 2011. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Warashima River, Japan. Habitat: freshwater.

fluviatilis, Chiramenu Rao [V. V.] 1971:184, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India v. 12 (nos 1-2) [1970]; ref. 12524] Gautami, Godavari estuary, eastern India. Holotype: ZMAU. Paratypes: ZMAU (10). •Valid as Chiramenu fluviatilis Rao 1971 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:932 [ref. 20764], Rema Devi et al. 1996:162 [ref. 24011]). •Valid as Awaous fluviatilis (Rao 1971). Current status: Valid as Awaous fluviatilis (Rao 1971). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: brackish.

fluviatilis, Gobius Pallas [P. S.] 1814:162 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Mouths of rivers entering Black Sea; Caspian Sea. No types known. •Valid as Gobius fluviatilis Pallas 1814 -- (Lelek 1987:308 [ref. 22962]). •Valid as Apollonis fluviatilis (Pallas 1814) -- (Nielsen & Stepien 2006:64 [ref. 31437]). •Valid as Neogobius fluviatilis (Pallas 1814) -- (Berg 1949:1091 [ref. 20662], Miller 1973:502 [ref. 6888], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1060 [ref. 13677], Kottelat 1997:178 [ref. 22952], Coad 1995:31 [ref. 23608], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:755 [ref. 24702], Vasil'eva 1998:139 [ref. 23591], Ahnelt et al. 1998:666 [ref. 23709], Coad 1998:103 [ref. 23869], Gabrielyan 2001:28 [ref. 25867], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:47 [ref. 26178], Pinchuk et al. 2003:222 [ref. 27349], Vasil'eva 2003:S49 [ref. 28444], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:229 [ref. 28183], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:182 [ref. 28369], Fricke et al. 2007:105 [ref. 29533], Kovačić & Engín 2008:74 [ref. 29624], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:578 [ref. 29996], Vasil'eva 2007:162 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:172 [ref. 31251], Neilson & Stepien 2009:96 [ref. 30487], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:187 [ref. 31737], Freyhof 2011:284 [ref. 31742], Medvedev et al. 2013:705 [ref. 35208], Stepien & Neilson 2013:2 [ref. 35325], Parin et al. 2014:493 [ref. 33547], Barbieri et al. 2015:109 [ref. 35029], Çiçek et al. 2015:152 [ref. 35151]). Current status: Valid as Neogobius fluviatilis (Pallas 1814). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Black Sea and Caspian Sea basins, introduced in the Aral Sea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fluviatilis, Gobius Nardo [G. D.] 1824:228, 229 [Giornale di fisica, chimica e storia naturale, medicina, ed arti. (series 2) v. 7; ref. 3144] Italy. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Gobius fluviatilis Pallas 1814. •Synonym of Padogobius bonelli (Bonaparte 1846) -- (Kottelat 1997:179 [ref. 22952], Miller in Miller 2004:37 [ref. 27853]). Current status: Synonym of Padogobius bonelli (Bonaparte 1846). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fluviatilis, Gobius Valenciennes [A.] (ex Bonelli) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:52 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Sardinia streams, Lake Aoiglione, [Lac Majeurr] Lago Maggiore, Italy. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-2729 (2), A-1335 to A-1338 (2, 3, 1, 1), A-1368 (4); ?MZUT 848 (3). Type catalog: Tortonese 1940:144 [ref. 21559], Bauchot et al. 1991:32 [ref. 19958]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Gobius fluviatilis Pallas 1814. See Kottelat 1997:179 [ref. 22952] for remarks on types. •Synonym of Padogobius bonelli (Bonaparte 1846) -- (Kottelat 1997:179 [ref. 22952], Miller in Miller 2004:37 [ref. 27853]). Current status: Synonym of Padogobius bonelli (Bonaparte 1846). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fluviatilis, Rhinogobius Tanaka [S.] 1925:641, Pl. 151 (figs. 417-418) [Figures and descriptions of the fishes of Japan v. 34; ref. 14917] Himenji, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT 9108. •Synonym of Rhinogobius similis Gill 1859 -- (Okada 1961:659 [ref. 6363]). •Valid as Rhinogobius fluviatilis Tanaka 1925 -- (Takahashi & Okazaki 2017:[3] [ref. 35171], Suzuki et al. 2017:80 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Valid as Rhinogobius fluviatilis Tanaka 1925. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. Habitat: freshwater.

fluvostriatus, Obliquogobius Chen [I-S.], Jaafar [Z.] & Shao [K.-T.] 2012:270, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa No. 3367; ref. 32041] Kumejima, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, 26°14.686'N,m 126°49.623'E, depth 141-165 meters, triangular dredge. Holotype (unique): NSMT P 102090. •Valid as Obliquogobius fluvostriatus Chen, Jaafar & Shao 2012. Current status: Valid as Obliquogobius fluvostriatus Chen, Jaafar & Shao 2012. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Habitat: marine.

fontanesii, Gobius Bleeker [P.] 1853:764 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 5); ref. 335] Boeloekomba [Bulucumba], Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4535. •Valid as Amblyeleotris fontanesii (Bleeker 1853) -- (Hoese & Steene 1978:382 [ref. 8713], Iwata et al. 1996 [ref. 22120], Hosoya et al. 1996:2 [ref. 24605], Kuiter 1997:348 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:525 [ref. 25919], Chen et al. 1998:112 [ref. 23405], Myers 1999:238 [ref. 23965] as fontanesi, Aonuma et al. 2000:117 [ref. 24522], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:635 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1231 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:404 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:118 [ref. 25868], Larson & Murdy 2001:3594 [ref. 26293], Satapoomin & Winterbottom, 2002:61 [ref. 26168], Nakabo 2002:1231 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:513 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Larson 2006:1618 [ref. 29097], Chen et al. 2006:2565 [ref. 29024], Larson et al. 2008:146 [ref. 29532], Shibukawa 2009:261 [ref. 30449], Motomura et al. 2010:203 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:863 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:157 [ref. 33932], Prokofiev 2016:369 [ref. 34506], Prokofiev 2016:642 [ref. 35020] dated 1852). Current status: Valid as Amblyeleotris fontanesii (Bleeker 1853). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Sea and Indonesia east to Philippines, north to Ryukyu Islands, south fo Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

fonticola, Luciogobius Kanagawa [N.], Itai [T.] & Senou [H.] 2011:68, Figs. 1-3 [Bulletin of the Kanagawa Prefectural Museum (Natural Science) No. 40; ref. 31329] Lower reaches of Oi River, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. Holotype: KPM-NI 27293. Paratypes: CMNH-ZF 17422-46 (5); KPM-NI 24385 (4, 1 c&s), 24387 (1), 27294-95 (2), 27296-97 (2), 27298-99 (2), 27300-01 (2),; NSMT-P 103695 (1, c&s), 103700 (1, c&s); TKPM-P 17349-50 (2). Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Luciogobius fonticola Kanagawa, Itai & Senou 2011. Current status: Valid as Luciogobius fonticola Kanagawa, Itai & Senou 2011. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Abe and Oi rivers, entering Sagama Bay, Japan. Habitat: freshwater.

fontinalis, Vaimosa Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:395, Fig. 85 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Near Apia, Upolu Island, Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51776. Paratypes: AMS I.7379 (3); BPBM 5321 [ex USNM 51776] (1); MCZ 36013 (1); CAS-SU 8700 (29); USNM 126361 [ex USBF 1269] (32), 171993 [ex USNM 51776] (7). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:124, 161 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:118-119 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Mugilogobius fontinalis (Jordan & Seale 1906) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:268 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:576 [ref. 25598], Kim 1997:468 [ref. 24032], Kim & Park 2002:392 [ref. 25913], Youn 2002:399, 662 [ref. 26218]). •Synonym of Mugilogobius notospilus (Günther 1877) -- (Larson 2001:154 [ref. 25522]). Current status: Synonym of Mugilogobius notospilus (Günther 1877). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

formosa, Ctenogobiops Randall [J. E.], Shao [K.-T.] & Chen [J.-P.] 2003:509, Figs. 3-5 [Zoological Studies v. 42 (no. 4); ref. 27448] Nanwan, Pingtung County, southern Taiwan, depth 10-12 meters. Holotype: ASIZP 61575. Paratypes: ASIZP 61576 (1), BPBM 38479 (1), NMMBP 2404 (1). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:56 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Ctenogobiops formosa Randall, Shao & Chen 2003 -- (Randall et al. 2007:26 [ref. 29015], Ho & Shao 2011:56 [ref. 31432]). Current status: Valid as Ctenogobiops formosa Randall, Shao & Chen 2003. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: southern Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

formosanus, Oxyurichthys Nichols [J. T.] 1958:4, Fig. 1 [American Museum Novitates No. 1876; ref. 12095] Tam-sui River, Taiwan. Holotype (unique): AMNH 20323. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:57 [ref. 31432]. •Valid as Oxyurichthys formosanus Nichols 1958 -- (Wu & Ni in Kuang et al. 1986:281 [ref. 26639], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:941 [ref. 20764], Ho & Shao 2011:57 [ref. 31432]). •Synonym of Oligolepis acutipennis (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:415 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Oligolepis formosanus (Nichols 1958) -- (Pezold & Larson 2015:5 [ref. 33894]). Current status: Valid as Oligolepis formosanus (Nichols 1958). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Taiwan (if valid). Habitat: brackish, marine.

formosanus, Rhinogobius Oshima [M.] 1919:300, Pl. 53 (fig. 2) [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 12 (nos 2-4); ref. 3312] Shinchiku, Taiwan. Holotype (unique): FMNH 59135 [ex CM 8273]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:97 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:75 [ref. 12367], Ho & Shao 2011:57 [ref. 31432]. •Synonym of Rhinogobius similis (Gill 1859) -- (Okada 1961:659 [ref. 6363]). •Synonym of Rhinogobius brunneus (Temminck & Schlegel 1845) -- (Vasil'eva 1998:146 [ref. 23591]). •Valid as Rhinogobius formosanus Oshima 1919 -- (Ho & Shao 2011:57 [ref. 31432], Suzuki et al. 2012:698 [ref. 31734], Zhang et al. 2016:202 [ref. 34477], Takahashi & Okazaki 2017:[3] [ref. 35171], Suzuki et al. 2017:80 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Valid as Rhinogobius formosanus Oshima 1919. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Taiwan. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

formosum, Microsicydium Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:297, Pl. 23 (fig. 3) [Monographs, Bureau of Science Manila Monogr. 23; ref. 2104] Titunod, a small stream near Kolambugan, Lanao Province, Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype (unique): BSMP 12443 (destroyed, seen by Koumans). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:192 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Stiphodon atropurpureus (Herre 1927) -- (Watson & Kottelat 1995:4 [ref. 21671], Maeda et al. 2011:319 [ref. 32002], Kottelat 2013:430 [ref. 32989] with question, Keith et al. 2015:182 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Synonym of Stiphodon atropurpureus (Herre 1927). Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

forsteri, Gobius Corbin [P. G.] 1958:1659 [Nature (London) v. 181 (no. 4624); ref. 12062] Southern England coast. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Thorogobius ephippiatus (Lowe 1839) -- (Miller 1973:512 [ref. 6888], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1082 [ref. 13677], Miller 1990:947 [ref. 19376]). Current status: Synonym of Thorogobius ephippiatus (Lowe 1839). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

fourmanoiri, Flabelligobius Smith [J. L. B.] 1956:553, Fig. 1 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 9 (no. 104) (art. 67); ref. 4103] Nosy-Bé [Nossi-Bé], Mozambique Channel, Madagascar, depth 9-10 fathoms. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 276. •Valid as Flabelligobius fourmanoiri Smith 1956 -- (Fricke 1999:511 [ref. 24106], Iwata et al. 2000:775 [ref. 24584], Chen & Fang 2003:333 [ref. 27539], Shibukawa et al. 2005:202 [ref. 28614]). •Valid as Tomiyamichthys fourmanoiri (Smith 1956) -- (Randall & Chen 2007:655 [ref. 29392], Bogorodsky et al. 2011:217 [ref. 31666], Allen 2015:79 [ref. 33923], Hoese et al. 2016:583 [ref. 34210]). Current status: Valid as Tomiyamichthys fourmanoiri (Smith 1956). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes). Habitat: marine.

fraena, Trimma Winterbottom [R.] 1984:699, Figs. 14-15 [Canadian Journal of Zoology v. 62 (no. 4); ref. 5321] Chagos Archipelago. Holotype: ROM 41475. Paratypes: ROM 41474 (1). •Valid as Trimma fraena Winterbottom 1984 -- (Allen & Munday 1995:103 [ref. 21938], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Suzuki & Senou 2007:179 [ref. 29102], Hagiwara & Winterbottom 2007:164 [ref. 29103], Winterbottom & Zur 2007:17 [ref. 29376], Winterbottom 2014:214 [ref. 33327], Winterbottom et al. 2014:382 [ref. 33402], Winterbottom & Hoese 2015:92 [ref. 33709]). Current status: Valid as Trimma fraena Winterbottom 1984. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-west Pacific. Habitat: marine.

fragilis, Micrapocryptes Hora [S. L.] 1923:751, Figs. 31-33 [Memoirs of the Indian Museum v. 5 (no. 11); ref. 2204] Outskirts of Calcutta, Chilka Lake, Orissa, India. Syntypes: RMNH 12058 (2), ZSI F10165/1 (35). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:153 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:373 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Gobiopterus chuno (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:968 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as cf fragilis (Hora 1923) -- (Larson et al. 2013:200 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:410 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiopterus chuno (Hamilton 1822). Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

francoisi, Cremornea Whitley [G. P.] 1962:9, Fig. 1 [Australian Naturalist v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 4732] Cremorne Point, Sydney harbor, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS IB.5692. Paratypes: AMS IB.5693-94 (1, 9). Additional specimens: AMS IB.5693 (1). Valid as Priolepis nuchifasciata (Günther 1873). •Synonym of Priolepis nuchifasciatus (Günther 1873) -- (Winterbottom & Burridge 1993:506 [ref. 20895], Hoese & Larson 2006:1678 [ref. 29097]). •Synonym of Priolepis nuchifasciata (Günther 1873). Current status: Synonym of Priolepis nuchifasciata (Günther 1873). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Habitat: marine.

franouxi, Sicydium Pellegrin [J.] 1935:71 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 60; ref. 15667] Ankondro River near to Tsimelahy, region of Ranopitso (Fort-Dauphin), southeastern Madagascar. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1935-0017. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:44 [ref. 19958]. •Questionably a synonym of Sicyopterus fasciatus (Day 1874) -- (Maugé 1986:383 [ref. 6218]). •Valid as Sicyopterus franouxi (Pellegrin 1935), but possibly a synonym of Sicyopterus fasciatus (Day 1874) -- (Stiassny & Harrison 2000:151 [ref. 25252]). •Valid as Sicyopterus franouxi (Pellegrin 1935) -- (Sparks & Nelson 2004:4 [ref. 27700], Kottelat 2013:428 [ref. 32989], Keith et al. 2015:94 [ref. 34328]). Current status: Valid as Sicyopterus franouxi (Pellegrin 1935). Gobiidae: Sicydiinae. Distribution: Madagascar. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fraseri, Amblyotrypauchen Hora [S. L.] 1924:160, Figs. 3, 4a [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 26 (pt 2); ref. 2205] Sandheads off mouth of Hughli River, India, Bay of Bengal, depth 20 fathoms. Holotype: ZSI F10819/1. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:152 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:376 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Amblyotrypauchen arctocephalus (Alcock 1890) -- (Murdy 2003:332 [ref. 27039], Hoese & Larson 2006:1622 [ref. 29097]). Current status: Synonym of Amblyotrypauchen arctocephalus (Alcock 1890). Gobiidae: Amblyopinae. Habitat: marine.

frenatus, Gobius Günther [A.] 1861:39 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1846.10.22.48-54 (7). •Valid as Acentrogobius frenatus (Günther 1861) -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3594 [ref. 26293]). •Valid as Arenigobius frenatus (Günther 1861) -- (Kuiter 1993:360 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:784 [ref. 22532], Johnson 1999:748 [ref. 25471], Hoese & Larson 2006:1624 [ref. 29097], Hoese & Larson 2008:753 [ref. 30660], Larson 2011:237 [ref. 31740]). Current status: Valid as Arenigobius frenatus (Günther 1861). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Australia: Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria. Habitat: brackish, marine.

freycineti, Periophthalmodon Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:197 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Timor Island, southern Malay Archipelago. No types known. Previously appeared as Periophtalmus freycinetii in Griffith & Smith 1834:Pl. 38 (fig. 3) (opp. p. 238) [ref. 1908] (would be available from figure caption). •Apparently the same as Periophthalmus freycineti Quoy & Gaimard 1824 -- (Larson et al. 2013:204 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Synonym of Periophthalmodon freycineti (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

freycineti, Periophthalmus Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:257 [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] River of Babao, Timor Island, southern Malay Archipelago (probably erroneous according to Murdy 1989). Holotype (unique): apparently lost. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:61 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Periophthalmodon freycineti (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) -- (Murdy 1989:26 [ref. 13628], Larson & Williams 1997:371 [ref. 23967], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:639 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:43 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3602 [ref. 26293] with author as Valenciennes, Khaironizam & Norma-Rashid 2003:97 [ref. 27104] with author as Valenciennes, Hoese & Larson 2006:1672 [ref. 29097], Allen et al. 2008:178 [ref. 30265], Takita et al. 2011:195 [ref. 31704], Murdy 2011:105 [ref. 31728], Kottelat 2013:418 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Valid as Periophthalmodon freycineti (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Gobiidae: Oxudercinae. Distribution: Philippines, eastern Indonesia, southern New Guinea and northern Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

friesii, Gobius Malm [A. W.] 1874:383 [Förhandlingar vid de Skandinaviske Naturforskarnes. v. 11; ref. 17597] Lysekil, Gullmarfjord, Sweden. Holotype (unique): NRM 20172. Based on Gobius gracilis of Fries 1838. Leseueria piesii de Buen is a misspelling. •Valid as Lesueurigobius friesii (Malm 1874) -- (Miller 1973:499 [ref. 6888], Miller in Whitehead et al. 1986:1051 [ref. 13677], Klausewitz 1989:261 [ref. 13650], Miller 1990:939 [ref. 19376], McKay & Miller 1997:1464 [ref. 24951], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:133 [ref. 26753], Ahnelt & Dorda 2004:11 [ref. 27637], Fricke 2007:29 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:104 [ref. 29533], Kovačić & Patzner 2011:187 [ref. 31737], Miller & Murdy in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2840 [ref. 34618]). Current status: Valid as Lesueurigobius friesii (Malm 1874). Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Western Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, eastern North Atlantic: southern Norway and British Isles to Mauritania. Habitat: marine.

fringilla, Pleurosicya Larson [H. K.] 1990:25, Fig. 18 [The Beagle, Records of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 16607] Lagoon side of barrier reef, Yanutha Islet, Lau Group, Fiji Islands, southwestern Pacific. Holotype: USNM 242091. Paratypes: AMS I.18051-078 (11), I.21915-077 (4), I. 22631-055 (3), I.29787-001 (2); ANSP 165113-15 (3, 2, 6); BPBM 16342 (1); CAS 68075 (2); NTM S.12225-008 (5), S.12652-001 (1), S.12653-001 (2); ROM 58025 (10); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 9533 (1); USNM 306885-87 (7, 2, 1); WAM P.27596-001 (2); YCM 1758 (2), 2760 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:40 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:45 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Pleurosicya fringilla Larson 1990 -- (Ikeda et al. 1999:23 [ref. 24155], Fricke 1999:519 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:1217 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3599 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1217 [ref. 26193], Randall et al. 2004:28 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3329 [ref. 27945], Greenfield & Randall 2004:536 [ref. 28175], Randall 2005:546 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Larson 2006:1676 [ref. 29097], Allen & Erdmann 2012:906 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:206 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Pleurosicya fringilla Larson 1990. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Zululand (South Africa), Seychelles, Madagascar, Mauritius (Mascarenes) and Chagos Archipelago east to northern Gilbert Islands (Kiribati) and Gambier Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Houtman Abrolhos (Western Australia), Queensland (Australia) and Tonga. Habitat: marine.

fucatum, Trimma Winterbottom [R.] & Southcott [L.] 2007:70, Figs. 1, 2A-B, 3A [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 13 (no. 2); ref. 29375] Southeast end of Ko Racha Noi, 7°28'15"N, 98°19'35"E, western Thailand, depth 1.5-9.1 meters. Holotype: ROM 81759. Paratypes: PMBC 21161 (10), ROM 68096-98 (1, 17, 16), 68767 (19), 68769 (76), 68771-74 (62, 3, 32 17), 1778CS (5, c&s). Plus non-type material (tissue samples). •Valid as Trimma fucatum Winterbottom & Southcott 2007 -- (Hoese et al. 2011:110 [ref. 31285], Allen & Erdmann 2012:938 [ref. 31980], Winterbottom et al. 2014:378 [ref. 33402]). Current status: Valid as Trimma fucatum Winterbottom & Southcott 2007. Gobiidae: Gobiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: east Andaman Sea and Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

fukushimai, Rhinogobius Mori [T.] 1934:55, Pl. 21 (fig. 2) [Report of the first scientific expedition to Manchoukuo, Tokyo, Sec. 5, Zoology Pt 1; ref. 3042] Pei-ho River at Ko peiKu, Jehol, China. Holotype: not researched. Additional material: (1). •Synonym of Rhinogobius similis (Gill 1859) -- (Okada 1961:659 [ref. 6363]). •Valid as Ctenogobius fukushimai (Mori 1934) -- (Zhu 1995:183 [ref. 25213]). •Valid as Rhinogobius fukushimai Mori 1934 -- (Zhang et al. 2016:203 [ref. 34477], Takahashi & Okazaki 2017:[3] [ref. 35171], Suzuki et al. 2017:81 [ref. 35202]). Current status: Valid as Rhinogobius fukushimai Mori 1934. Gobiidae: Gobionellinae. Distribution: Chi