Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 11 Jan 2023

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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americanus, Cyprinus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:321 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Ocean Springs 3 miles north of Horn Island, Jackson County, Gulf of Mexico, Mississippi. [Carolinas, America]. Neotype: USNM 196402. Based on a figure and short account of Catesby 1743:12; not same as Cyprinus americanus Linnaeus 1766; see Wheeler 1985:29 [ref. 20705]. Neotype designated by Marceniuk et al. 2020:317 [ref. 37705], but on page 317 with type locality "east of the Cape Hatteras National Seashore, North Carolina, U.S.A." in error. •Valid as Menticirrhus americanus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Chao 1978:30 [ref. 6983], Uyeno & Sato in Uyeno et al. 1983:366 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:187 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:145 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:406 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:280 [ref. 24474], Murdy et al. 1997:198 [ref. 23144], Aguilera 1998:50 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:372 [ref. 24550], Marín 2000:75 [ref. 26252], Camargo & Isaac 2001:143 [ref. 27639], López et al. 2002:65 [ref. 26808], Chao 2003:1626 [ref. 27097], Casatti & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:87 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:147 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:431 [ref. 28815], Matamoros et al. 2009:19 [ref. 31241], Matamoros et al. 2009:19 [ref. 31241], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Page et al. 2013:152 [ref. 32708], Catelani et al. 2014:933 [ref. 37496], Fabiano et al. 2014:9 [ref. 33530], Nión et al. 2016:49 [ref. 35565], Marceniuk et al. 2017:41 [ref. 35324], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:436 [ref. 35886], Spier et al. 2018:14 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:4 [ref. 36717], Marceniuk et al. 2020:315 [ref. 37705]). Current status: Valid as Menticirrhus americanus (Linnaeus 1758). Sciaenidae. Distribution: Western North Atlantic: east coast of the United States, from New York south to the Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: brackish, marine.


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