Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 8 September 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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linguatula, Pleuronectes Linnaeus [C.] 1758:270 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European seas [Mediterranean Sea]. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.128-129 [Gronovius coll.] (2, skins). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:243 [ref. 13434]. •Synonym of Citharus macrolepidotus (Bloch 1787) -- (Nielsen 1973:615 [ref. 6885], Evseenko 1996:744 [ref. 24666]). •Valid as Citharus linguatula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Nielsen in Whitehead et al. 1986:1286 [ref. 13677], Klausewitz 1989:261 [ref. 13650], Nielsen 1990:1025 [ref. 16246], Kottelat 1997:181 [ref. 22952], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:147 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:62 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:113 [ref. 29533], Fricke 2008:57 [ref. 30182], Bañon et al. 2010:23 [ref. 31029], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:71 [ref. 36649], Wirtz et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32972], Munroe in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2952 [ref. 34618], Martins & Carneiro 2018:81 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:560 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:186 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:101 [ref. 36864], Reiner 2019:289 [ref. 38139], Bariche & Fricke 2020:100 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:27 [ref. 37519], Golani 2021:84 [ref. 38303]). Current status: Valid as Citharus linguatula (Linnaeus 1758). Citharidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; eastern Atlantic: Portugal south to Angola, including Madeira, Canary Islands, and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.