Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 January 2022

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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miles, Scorpaena Bennett [J. W.] 1828:unnum. p., Pl. 9 [A selection from the most remarkable and interesting fishes found on the coast of Ceylon First Edition; ref. 16785] South coast of Sri Lanka [eastern Indian Ocean]. No types known. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:159 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. See Kochzius et al. 2003:401 [ref. 27290]. See Hare & Whitfield 2004:2 [ref. 27631]. •Synonym of Pterois volitans (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Dor 1984:86 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Pterois miles (Bennett 1828) -- (Schultz 1986:687 [ref. 22245], Eschmeyer 1986:467 [ref. 5652], Winterbottom et al. 1989:20 [ref. 13251], Golani & Sonin 1992:167 [ref. 20428], Pethiyagoda et al. 1994:43-44 [ref. 21456], Goren & Dor 1994:21 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:108 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:136 [ref. 23922], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Fricke 1999:158 [ref. 24106], Poss 1999:2330 [ref. 24796], Allen & Adrim 2003:29 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:26 [ref. 27712], Heemstra et al. 2004:3318 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:144 [ref. 28072], Golani 2005:32 [ref. 37112], Randall 2005:117 [ref. 28239], Allen & Erdmann 2008:128 [ref. 29479], Freshwater et al. 2009:39 [ref. 30268], Fricke et al. 2009:39 [ref. 30213], Motomura 2009:65 [ref. 30463], Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2011:575 [ref. 31520], Betancur-R. et al. 2011:1 [ref. 32977], Allen & Erdmann 2012:221[ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:116 [ref. 32708], Matsunuma et al. 2017:333 [ref. 35034], Wilcox et al. 2017:1, 10 [ref. 35525] with hybrids in the Atlantic, Ali et al. 2018:316 [ref. 36183], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[20] 258 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:132 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:53 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:28 [ref. 36883], Eagderi et al. 2019:127 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:68 [ref. 36871], Bariche & Fricke 2020:144 [ref. 37515], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 28 [ref. 38321], Kwik & Lim 2020:16 [ref. 38869], Psomadakis et al. 2020:360 [ref. 37272], Golani 2021:35 [ref. 38303]). Current status: Valid as Pterois miles (Bennett 1828). Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indian Ocean: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Madagascar, Mascarenes and Persian Gulf east to Singapore and Indonesia; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant); possibly invasive in the Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.