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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Phycis: [ 18 ] records


albidus, Gadus Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1171 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. New name for Gadus blennoides Brünnich 1768. •Synonym of Phycis blennoides (Brünnich 1768) -- (Svetovidov 1973:314 [ref. 7169], Cohen 1990:529 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:66 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2025 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Phycis blennoides (Brünnich 1768). Phycidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bifurcus, Gadus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:137 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Phycis blennoides (Brünnich 1768) -- (Svetovidov 1973:314 [ref. 7169], Cohen 1990:529 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:66 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2025 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Phycis blennoides (Brünnich 1768). Phycidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

blennoides, Gadus Brünnich [M. T.] 1768:24 [Ichthyologia Massiliensis, sistens piscium descriptiones eorumque apud incolas nomina; ref. 17290] Marseille, France, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Valid as Phycis blennoides (Brünnich 1768) -- (Svetovidov 1973:314 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:705 [ref. 13676], Cohen 1990:529 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:66 [ref. 18936], Goren & Galil 1997:199 [ref. 23058], Santos et al. 1997:60 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:71 [ref. 24952], Uiblein et al. 1999:62 [ref. 24045], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:52 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:26 [ref. 37112], Fricke 2007:26 [ref. 30577], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:30 [ref. 36649], Goren & Galil 2015:518 [ref. 33910], Bañón et al. 2016:316 [ref. 34397], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2025 [ref. 34586], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:136 [ref. 36370], Martins & Carneiro 2018:38 [ref. 36550], Carneiro et al. 2019:146 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:48 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:20 [ref. 37519], Bañón & Maño 2021:61 [ref. 38883], Golani 2021:28 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:31 [ref. 39014]). Current status: Valid as Phycis blennoides (Brünnich 1768). Phycidae. Distribution: Baltic Sea; North Sea; Mediterranean Sea; northeastern Atlantic: Norway and Iceland south to Mauritania, including Azores and Madeira. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

chesteri, Phycis Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1878:256 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 1 (no. 40); ref. 18131] 42 miles east by south of Cape Ann, Massachusetts, depth 140 fathoms; 33 miles east by south of Cape Ann, depth 110 fathoms. Syntypes: USNM 21840-42 (1, 1, 1). •Valid as Urophycis chesteri (Goode & Bean 1878) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:94 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:288 [ref. 25518], Nelson et al. 2004:93 [ref. 27807]). •Valid as Phycis chesteri Goode & Bean 1878 -- (Methven & McKelvie 1986:886 [ref. 22456], McAllister 1990:119 [ref. 14674], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:67 [ref. 18936], Endo in Okamura et al. 1995:122 [ref. 22531], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:245 [ref. 26158], Iwamoto & Cohen 2003:1008 [ref. 27011], Moore et al. 2003:213 [ref. 27076], Møller et al. 2010:39 [ref. 31169], Page et al. 2013:93 [ref. 32708], Afonso et al. 2016:32, 250 [ref. 36199], Simian et al. 2022:375 [ref. 40776]). Current status: Valid as Phycis chesteri Goode & Bean 1878. Phycidae. Distribution: North Atlantic: Arctic Canada, Greenland; western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

didactylus, Gadus Bonnaterre [J. P.] 1788:50 [Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature... Ichthyologie; ref. 4940] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Unnecessary replacement name for Gadus blennoides Brünnich 1768. •Synonym of Phycis blennoides (Brünnich 1768). Current status: Synonym of Phycis blennoides (Brünnich 1768). Phycidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

furcatus, Phycis Fleming [J.] 1828:193 [A history of British animals; ref. 1339] South coast of England. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Phycis furcatus Bowdich 1825. •Synonym of Phycis blennoides (Brünnich 1768) -- (Svetovidov 1973:315 [ref. 7169], Cohen 1990:530 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:66 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2025 [ref. 34586]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Phycis blennoides (Brünnich 1768). Phycidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

furcatus, Phycis Bowdich [S. L.] 1825:122, Fig. 28 [Fishes of Madeira; ref. 590] Madeira. No types known. •Synonym of Phycis phycis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Svetovidov 1973:314 [ref. 7169], Cohen 1990:530 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:68 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Cohen 2026:2025 [ref. 34586], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2026 [ref. 34586], Parenti 2019:7 [ref. 36934]). Current status: Synonym of Phycis phycis (Linnaeus 1766). Phycidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

gadoides, Blennius Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:458, 484 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Unnecessary replacement name for Gadus albidus Gmelin 1789. Original spelling gadoїdes. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:84, 121 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Phycis blennoides (Brünnich 1768) -- (Svetovidov 1973:315 [ref. 7169], Cohen 1990:529 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:66 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2025 [ref. 34586]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Phycis blennoides (Brünnich 1768). Phycidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gmelini, Batrachoides Risso [A.] 1810:143, Pl. 6 (fig. 16) [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Villefranche-sur-Mer, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. •Synonym of Phycis blennoides (Brünnich 1768) -- (Svetovidov 1973:315 [ref. 7169], Cohen 1990:530 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:66 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2025 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Phycis blennoides (Brünnich 1768). Phycidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lepus, Phycis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:11 [Indice d'ittiologia siciliana; ref. 3595] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Unneeded new name for Blennius phycis Linnaeus 1766. Based on Blennius phycis of Lacepede, not Blennius lepus Lacepede. •Synonym of Phycis phycis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Parenti 2019:115 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Phycis phycis (Linnaeus 1766). Phycidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

limbatus, Phycis Valenciennes [A.] 1838:[78], Pl. 14 [Ichthyologie des îles Canaries v. 2 (pt 2); ref. 4502] Lanzarote, Grand Canary, and Tenerife, Canary Islands. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-8466 (dry). Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:237 [ref. 24244]. Dates to Pl. 14 in Oct. 1838, p. 78 published in 1843; technically the figured specimen is the unique holotype. •Synonym of Phycis phycis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Svetovidov 1973:314 [ref. 7169], Cohen 1990:530 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:68 [ref. 18936], Bailly et al. 1999:237 [ref. 24244], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2026 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Phycis phycis (Linnaeus 1766). Phycidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

macronemus, Phycis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1814:16 [Précis des découvertes et travaux somiologiques de Mr. C. S. Rafinesque-Schmaltz; ref. 3582] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Phycis blennoides (Brünnich 1768) -- (Parenti 2019:115 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Phycis blennoides (Brünnich 1768). Phycidae. Habitat: marine.

marina, Tinca Walbaum [J. J.] (ex Artedi) 1792:575 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Phycis phycis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Svetovidov 1973:314 [ref. 7169], Cohen 1971:328 [ref. 21050], Cohen 1990:530 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:68 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2026 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Phycis phycis (Linnaeus 1766). Phycidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

mediterraneus, Phycis Delaroche [F. E.] 1809:332 [46] [Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 13; ref. 17380] [Iviça] Ibiza, Baleares Islands, Spain, western Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9637. Type catalog: Bailly et al. 1999:237 [ref. 24244]. On p. 46 of separate. •Synonym of Phycis phycis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Svetovidov 1973:314 [ref. 7169], Cohen 1990:530 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:68 [ref. 18936], Bailly et al. 1999:237 [ref. 24244], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:53 [ref. 26753], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:30 [ref. 36649], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2026 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Phycis phycis (Linnaeus 1766). Phycidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

musicki, Urophycis Cohen [D. M.] & Lavenberg [R. J.] 1984:1008 [Copeia 1984 (no. 4); ref. 17429] Replacement name for Otolithus (Gadus) tenuis Koken 1891, secondarily preoccupied by Gadus tenuis Mitchill 1814 in Urophycis and in Phycis of authors. Kokin's species was described from the Miocene. •A synonym of Phycis blennoides (Brünnich 1768) -- (Cohen & Lavenberg 1984:1008 [ref. 17429]). •Wrongly regarded as valid, assuming perhaps that musicki is a replacement for tenuis Mitchill [which it is not] -- (McAllister 1990:120 [ref. 14674]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Phycis blennoides (Brünnich 1768). Phycidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

mustea, Blennius Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:27, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Spelled musteus on plate. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:9 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Phycis phycis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Cohen 1990:530 [ref. 15766], Parenti 2019:102 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Phycis phycis (Linnaeus 1766). Phycidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

phycis, Blennius Linnaeus [C.] 1766:442 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Based on multiple sources, including the 'Blennius naribus subcristatis ...' in manuscript by A. Goüan, 'Phycis' of Artedi 1738:111 [ref. 30349] and Artedi 1738:84 [ref. 30578]. Original description apparently based on multiple species, so neotype designation would be needed. •Valid as Phycis phycis (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Svetovidov 1973:314 [ref. 7169], Svetovidov in Whitehead et al. 1986:706 [ref. 13676], Cohen 1990:530 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:68 [ref. 18936], Santos et al. 1997:61 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:71 [ref. 24952], Uiblein et al. 1999:62 [ref. 24045], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:53 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:26 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:64 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:30 [ref. 36649], Wirtz et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32972], Gaimari et al. 2015:324 [ref. 32571], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2026 [ref. 34586], Martins & Carneiro 2018:37 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:554 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:147 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:94 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:48 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:20 [ref. 37519], Bañón & Maño 2021:61 [ref. 38883], Golani 2021:28 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:31 [ref. 39014]). Current status: Valid as Phycis phycis (Linnaeus 1766). Phycidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay south to Cape Verde Islands, including Azores (Portugal) and Madeira (Portugal). IUCN (2015): Least Concern. Habitat: brackish, marine.

tinca, Phycis Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:56, Pl. 11 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Northern Ocean. No types known. •Synonym of Phycis blennoides (Brünnich 1768) -- (Svetovidov 1973:315 [ref. 7169], Cohen 1990:529 [ref. 15766], Cohen in Cohen et al. 1990:66 [ref. 18936], Iwamoto & Cohen 2016:2025 [ref. 34586]). Current status: Synonym of Phycis blennoides (Brünnich 1768). Phycidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.


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