Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 9 November 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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menidia, Atherina Linnaeus [C.] 1766:519 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Carolina [South Carolina, U.S.A]; Jamaica (erroneous). No types known. Based on multiple sources, including the Menidia, corpore subpellucido ... of Browne 1756:441 [ref. 30188] [Jamaica], the 'Argentina linea lata argentea in lateribus' of Gronow 1763:112 [ref. 1910] [Jamaica], and the 'Silverfish' in a manuscript description by A. Garden [South Carolina]. Species name misspelled maenidia by Cuvier 1831:173 [ref. 30376]. •In part synonym of Anchoa hepsetus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Whitehead et al. 1988:355 [ref. 5725] in family Engraulidae). •Valid as Menidia menidia (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Lee et al. 1980:560 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:415 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:113 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:316 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:124 [ref. 14674], Murdy et al. 1997:131 [ref. 23144], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:164 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:153 [ref. 27754], Chernoff in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:282 [ref. 26158], Chernoff 2003:1103 [ref. 27017], Nelson et al. 2004:99 [ref. 27807], García-Hernández et al. 2009:92 [ref. 37265], Page et al. 2013:100 [ref. 32708], Robins et al. 2018:435 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Menidia menidia (Linnaeus 1766). Atherinopsidae: Menidiinae. Distribution: Northwestern Atlantic, including Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.