Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 January 2022

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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libertatis, Meletta Günther [A.] 1867:603 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866 (pt 3); ref. 1984] Libertad, western coast of Guatemala. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1864.1.26.181. •Valid as Opisthonema libertate (Günther 1867) -- (Whitehead 1985:70 [ref. 5141], Pequeño 1989:27 [ref. 14125], Allen & Robertson 1994:61 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:46 [ref. 23101], Whitehead & Rodriguez-Sánchez in Fischer et al. 1995:1022 [ref. 22829], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:190 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:192 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:109 [ref. 24550], Fuller et al. 1999:48 [ref. 25838], Lea & Rosenblatt 2000:120 [ref. 25206], Thomson et al. 2000:284 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:67 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:26 [ref. 37547], Miller 2006:96 [ref. 28615], Minckley & Marsh 2009:76 [ref. 31114], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:189 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:68 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:92 [ref. 35888], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:89 [ref. 35859], González-Murcia et al. 2019:289 [ref. 36544], Angulo 2021:7 [ref. 38913]). Current status: Valid as Opisthonema libertate (Günther 1867). Clupeidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southern California (U.S.A.) south to Chile, including Gulf of California (Mexico) and Galapagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: brackish, marine.