Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 8 September 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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saurus, Esox Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:93 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Cornwall and British seas. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:36 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792) [often as a valid subspecies] -- (Parin 1973:261 [ref. 7191], Hubbs & Wisner 1980:535 [ref. 2267], Dor 1984:66 [ref. 29757], Parin in Whitehead et al. 1986:611 [ref. 13676], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:159 [ref. 14235], Robins & Ray 1986:107 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:310 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:345 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:145 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:127 [ref. 14674], Wisner 1990:599 [ref. 16638], Gomon et al. 1994:391 [ref. 22532], Goren & Dor 1994:16 [ref. 25356], Santos et al. 1997:68 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:62 [ref. 24952], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:104, 391 [ref. 24555], Porteiro et al. 1999:41 [ref. 24203], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:168 [ref. 25013], Fricke 1999:35 [ref. 24101], Lovejoy & Collette 2001:329 [ref. 25232], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], subspecies saurus, Collette in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:285 [ref. 26158], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:59 [ref. 26753], Collette 2003:1114 [ref. 26981] as a valid subspecies, Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:67 [ref. 27192], Collette 2004:2, 4 [ref. 27582] as a valid subspecies, Nelson et al. 2004:99 [ref. 27807], Golani 2005:28 [ref. 37112], Paxton et al. 2006:721 [ref. 28996], Fricke 2007:28 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:70 [ref. 29533], Gomon 2008:409 [ref. 30616], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:34 [ref. 36649], Page et al. 2013:103 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33516], Parin et al. 2014:198 [ref. 33547], Struthers 2015:953 [ref. 34261], Collette 2016:2130 [ref. 34601] and as S. s. saurus, Mecklenburg et al. 2018:169 [ref. 36370], Martins & Carneiro 2018:96 [ref. 36550], Carneiro et al. 2019:198 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:95 [ref. 36864], Hoschke et al. 2019:154 [ref. 36626], Bemis & Collette 2019:81 [ref. 37342], Reiner 2019:132 [ref. 38139], Kovačić et al. 2020:30 [ref. 37519], Golani 2021:31 [ref. 38303]). Current status: Valid as Scomberesox saurus (Walbaum 1792). Scomberesocidae. Distribution: Antitropical: western Baltic Sea; North Sea; Mediterranean Sea; Atlantic; Southern Hemisphere. Habitat: brackish, marine.