Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 9 November 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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maculatus, Pleuronectes Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:157 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Chesapeake Bay, eastern U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ZMB 7408 (stuffed). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:41 [ref. 24282] with locality correction; not Tranquebar, India. •Valid as Trinectes maculatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Lee et al. 1980:831 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:458 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:296 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:178 [ref. 23239], Mettee et al. 1996:753 [ref. 25836], Murdy et al. 1997:271 [ref. 23144], Evseenko 1998:60 [ref. 23643], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:490 [ref. 24550], Ross et al. 2001:528 [ref. 25978], Walker & Bollinger 2001:184 [ref. 25782], Camargo & Isaac 2001:144 [ref. 27639], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:587 [ref. 26158], Munroe 2003:1932 [ref. 27118], Nelson et al. 2004:182 [ref. 27807], Boschung & Mayden 2004:639 [ref. 27995], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:871 [ref. 28815], Miller 2006:403 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2009:16 [ref. 30400], Matamoros et al. 2009:27 [ref. 31241], Page & Burr 2011:620 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:188 [ref. 32708], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:426 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Trinectes maculatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Achiridae. Distribution: Atlantic and Gulf coasts of U.S.A. from Maine to Gulf of Mexico and to Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.