Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 8 September 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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dispar, Hemiramphus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:58, Pl. 558 [not 524] [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 19; ref. 4883] Labouane River, Java, Indonesia; Madagascar; ?Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4594 (3) Madagascar, 0000-4595 (2) Madagascar. Type catalog: Collette et al. 1997:15-16 [ref. 22813]. Type information: Roberts 1993:36 [ref. 21799]. •Valid as Zenarchopterus dispar (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Collette 1974:95 [ref. 12930], Roberts 1978:48 [ref. 8886], Collette 1982:265 [ref. 5497], Collette 1986:163 [ref. 6197], Paxton et al. 1989:339 [ref. 12442], Pethiyagoda 1991:172 [ref. 20075], Roberts 1993:36 [ref. 21799], Kottelat et al. 1993:87 [ref. 23448], Poll & Gosse 1995:99 [ref. 24781], Kottelat & Lim 1999:1100 [ref. 25899], Mishra et al. 1999:84 [ref. 25315], Myers 1999:78 [ref. 23965], Allen 2000:96 [ref. 25868], Myers & Donaldson 2003:616 [ref. 27495] dated 1846, Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:28 [ref. 27510], Collette 2004:20 [ref. 27583], Randall et al. 2004:9 [ref. 27624], Paxton et al. 2006:739 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:164 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:70 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:296 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:39 [ref. 33932], Miesen et al. 2016:87 [ref. 34492], Labatos 2017:4 [ref. 36239], Fricke et al. 2018:105 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:79 [ref. 36673], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 11 [ref. 38321]). Current status: Valid as Zenarchopterus dispar (Valenciennes 1847). Zenarchopteridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Fiji and Samoa, north to Philippines, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.