Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 5 October 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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macrolepis, Mugil Smith [A.] 1846:no pagination, Pl. 28 (fig. 2) [Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa v. 4; ref. 4035] Rivers and fresh water lakes, South Africa. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1859.5.7.56 (dry). •Valid as Liza macrolepis (Smith 1846) -- (Dor 1984:191 [ref. 29757], Yoshino & Senou in Masuda et al. 1984:119 [ref. 6441], Smith & Smith 1986:716 [ref. 5717], Thomson 1986:346 [ref. 6215], Wu & Lu in Kuang et al. 1986:209 [ref. 26639] dated 1849, Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:462 [ref. 25598], Winterbottom et al. 1989:50 [ref. 13251], Zheng 1989:301 [ref. 21202], Allen & Coates 1990:91 [ref. 25561], Coad 1991:26 [ref. 15702], Liu & Shen 1991:276 [ref. 19215], Allen 1991:146 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:891 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:125 [ref. 23448], Skelton 1993:353 [ref. 24071], Goren & Dor 1994:51 [ref. 25356], Chen et al. 1997:37 [ref. 26476] dated 1849, Reinthal & Stiassny 1997:354 [ref. 22780], Thomson 1997:524 [ref. 23428], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:250 [ref. 24754], Harrison & Senou 1999:2088 [ref. 24780], Mishra et al. 1999:87 [ref. 25315], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:47 [ref. 25480], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:187 [ref. 25703], Skelton 2001:353 [ref. 27406], Seegers et al. 2003:46 [ref. 28087], Randall et al. 2004:8 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3327 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:365 [ref. 28072], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:77 [ref. 35264], Larson et al. 2013:56 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:277 [ref. 32989], Durand & Whitfield 2016:110 [ref. 35590] dated 1849, with two lineages). •Valid as Chelon macrolepis (Smith 1846) -- (Randall 1995:235 [ref. 22896], Senou et al. 1996:75 [ref. 23193], Sato et al. 1998:40 [ref. 24972], Myers 1999:70 [ref. 23965], Chang et al. 1999:39 [ref. 24091], Fricke 1999:359 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:540 [ref. 25086], Senou in Randall & Lim 2000:625 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:340 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:14 [ref. 25806], Kimura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:151 [ref. 27511], Sakai et al. 2001:103 [ref. 25693], Shimizu 2001:34 [ref. 25799], Nakabo 2002:540 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:21 [ref. 27510], Tan & Lim 2004:110 [ref. 27716], Randall 2005:75 [ref. 28239], Motomura et al. 2010:79 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:369 [ref. 31242], Ho & Shao 2011: 38 [ref. 31432], Fricke et al. 2013:252 [ref. 32706], Psomadakis et al. 2015:293 [ref. 34104], Koeda et al. 2016:12 [ref. 35333], Shen & Durand 2016:77 [ref 35591] dated 1849, Kwun et al. 2017:141 [ref. 37287], Eagderi et al. 2019:85 [ref. 37020], Psomadakis et al. 2020:516 [ref. 37272]). •Valid as Planiliza macrolepis (Smith 1846) -- (Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Durand & Borsa 2015:268 [ref. 34115], Durand 2016:34 [ref. 35589], Ali et al. 2018:343 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:96 [ref. 35805], Suresh et al. 2018:141 [ref. 36495], Arndt & Fricke 2019:22 [ref. 36883], Zajonz et al. 2019:65 [ref. 36871], Hasan et al. 2020:143 [ref. 37945]). Current status: Valid as Planiliza macrolepis (Smith 1846). Mugilidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar, Rodrigues (Mascarenes) and Persian Gulf east to Tuamotu Archipelago and Marquesas Islands, north to southern Korea, south to New Caledonia, Aitutaki (Cook Islands) and Austral Islands; also adjacent estuaries and fresh water habitats of Africa, Asia, Australia and Oceania. Freshwater, transitional water and marine. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.