Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 8 September 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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atra, Taeniura Macleay [W.] 1883:598 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 7 (pt 4); ref. 17586] Port Moresby District, Papua New Guinea. Holotype (unique): AMS I.9762. •Synonym of Pastinachus sephen (Forsskål 1775) -- (Last & Stevens 1994:410 [ref. 23873] as Pastinachus sephen ater, Last et al. 2005:1 [ref. 28346], Paxton et al. 2006:194 [ref. 28995]). •Tentatively valid -- (Last & Manjaji-Matsumoto 2010:115 [ref. 30854]). •Valid as Pastinachus atrus (Macleay 1883) -- (Last et al. 2010:121 [ref. 30855], Last el al. 2010:222 [ref. 32461], Larson et al. 2013:20 [ref. 32988], Weigmann 2016:140 [ref. 34211] see remarks, and misspelled atrus). •Valid as Pastinachus ater (Macleay 1883) -- (Kottelat 2013:27 [ref. 32989], Last et al. 2016:364 [ref. 34581], Last et al. 2016:594 [ref. 35010], White et al. 2017:248 [ref. 35860], Fricke et al. 2018:26 [ref. 35805], Kumar et al. 2018:298 [ref. 36178], White & Ko'ou 2018:59 [ref. 35922], Eagderi et al. 2019:10 [ref. 37020], Fernando et al. 2019:215 [ref. 36642], Bineesh et al. 2020:24 [ref. 37641], Moore et al. 2020:109 [ref. 37357], Psomadakis et al. 2020:208 [ref. 37272], Ebert et al. 2021:94 [ref. 38234]). Current status: Valid as Pastinachus ater (Macleay 1883). Dasyatidae: Hypolophinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, northern KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to Solomon Islands and New Caledonia, south to northern Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.