Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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amarus, Cyprinus Bloch [M. E.] 1782:52, Pl. 8 (fig. 3) [M. Marcus Elieser Bloch's ..., ausübenden Arztes zu Berlin, Oeconomische Naturgeschichte der Fische Deutschlands v. 1; ref. 19643] Müggelsee (lake) near Köpenick, Berlin, Germany. Syntypes: ZMB 3393 (3). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:69 [ref. 24282]. On p. 45 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 1 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Rhodeus sericeus (Pallas 1776), but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1949:814 [ref. 20661], Coad 1995:19 [ref. 23608], Pipoyan 1996:710 [ref. 24654], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:740 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya 1998:80 [ref. 23589], Arai et al. 2001:275 [ref. 25545], Bogutskaya & Komlev 2001:81 [ref. 26834], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:170 [ref. 28369]). •In genus Rhodeus -- (Arai & Akai 1988:209 [ref. 6999]). •Synonym of Rhodeus sericeus (Pallas 1776) -- (Smith 1986:124 [ref. 22186], Lelek 1987:223 [ref. 22962], Naseka 1998:80 [ref. 23590], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Holčík 1999:2 [ref. 24847], Fuller et al. 1999:149 [ref. 25838], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:44 [ref. 26178]). •Valid as Rhodeus amarus (Bloch 1782) -- (Mrakovcic et al. 1995:184 [ref. 23079], Kottelat 1997:75 [ref. 22952], Gabrielyan 2001:27 [ref. 25867], Bianco & Ketmaier 2001:200 [ref. 26728], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:43 [ref. 28183], Hanel & Lusk 2005:256 [ref. 28804], Kottelat 2006:47 [ref. 28831], Fricke et al. 2007:45 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:72 [ref. 29996], Yang et al. 2010:333 [ref. 30786], Esmaeili et al. 2010:371 [ref. 33391], Yang et al. 2011:158 [ref. 31154], Parin et al. 2014:87 [ref. 33547], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:879 [ref. 34062], Barbieri et al. 2015:60 [ref. 35029], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:663 [ref. 34853], Esmaeili et al. 2017:55 [ref. 35254], Li et al. 2017:84 [ref. 35680], Esmaeili et al. 2018:35 [ref. 36089], Ćaleta et al. 2019:150 [ref. 37026], Lorenzoni et al. 2019:252 [ref. 37108], Özuluğ & Saç 2019:24 [ref. 36599], Çiçek et al. 2020:246 [ref. 37644], Kaya et al. 2020:330 [ref. 37582], Kuljanishvili et al. 2020:[4] [ref. 37535], Li et al. 2020:[14] [ref. 37372], Li et al. 2020:337 [ref. 37574], Yogurtçuoglu et al. 2020:[3] [ref. 37627], Esmaeili et al. 2020:335 [ref. 37759], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2020:102 [ref. 37983], Bayçelebi 2021:641 [ref. 38115]). Current status: Valid as Rhodeus amarus (Bloch 1782). Acheilognathidae. Distribution: Northern and eastern Europe, Turkey. Introduced in Italy. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.