Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 8 September 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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strongylura, Belone van Hasselt [J. C.] 1823:130 [Algemeene Konst- en Letter-bode voor het Jaar II Deel (no. 35); ref. 5963] Vizagapatam, India. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Based on a drawing in Russell 1803:61, pl. 176 [ref. 12456] so type should be the specimen that was illustrated; figure reproduced in Alfred 1961:Pl. 8 [ref. 20553]. See Kottelat 1987:370 [ref. 5962]. •Valid as Belone strongylura van Hasselt 1823 -- (Mees 1962:66 [ref. 13277]). •Valid as Tylosurus strongylurus (van Hasselt 1823) -- (Liang in Kuang et al. 1986:190 [ref. 26639], Wu & Zhong in Pan et al. 1991:330 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:162 [ref. 25213]). •Valid as Strongylura strongylura (van Hasselt 1823) -- (Parin 1967:24 [ref. 10272], Roberts 1978:48 [ref. 8886], Paxton et al. 1989:342 [ref. 12442], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:742 [ref. 20764], Coad 1991:26 [ref. 15702], Kottelat et al. 1993:89 [ref. 23448], Randall 1995:86 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:174 [ref. 27969], Larson & Williams 1997:350 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:128 [ref. 23922], Collette 1999:2158 [ref. 24785], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:599 [ref. 25122], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:185 [ref. 25703], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Collette 2003:8 [ref. 27306], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S100 [ref. 27377], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:26 [ref. 27510], Khan 2003:8 [ref. 27710], Paxton et al. 2006:718 [ref. 28995], Coad 2010:241 [ref. 36620] as strongylurus, Larson et al. 2013:65 [ref. 32988], Kottlelat 2013:298 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:64 [ref. 34464], Psomadakis et al. 2015:176 [ref. 34104], Zhang et al. 2016:192 [ref. 34477], Ali et al. 2018:314 [ref. 36183], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:62 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:159 [ref. 36495], Eagderi et al. 2019:22 [ref. 37020], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 11 [ref. 38321], Psomadakis et al. 2020:336 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Strongylura strongylura (van Hasselt 1823). Belonidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf east to Philippines, north to Vietnam and southern China, south to northern Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.