Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 1 Nov 2022

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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disjunctivus, Liposarcus Weber [C.] 1991:638 [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 98 (no. 3); ref. 19114] Rio Madeira, Amazon River system, Restauracao, Amazonas, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 28360. Paratypes: CAS 11687 (1); FCMBB 305 (2); INPA 465 (1), 500 (5), 2223 (1), 2227 (1); INPA POLO 195 (3); MHNG 2479.10 (1); MNHN 1988-0102 to 0103 (1, 2), 1988-109 (14); MZUSP 28360 (1); ZMA 119345 (1), 119568 (2), 119572 (6). Type catalog: Ferraris 2007:291 [ref. 29155]. •Valid as Liposarcus disjunctivus Weber 1991 -- (Weber 1992:12, 28 [ref. 19714], Chang & Ortega 1995:4 [ref. 24302], Burgess & Finley 1996:169 [ref. 22901], Fuller et al. 1999:224 [ref. 25838], Isbrücker 2001:29 [ref. 25653], Sakai et al. 2001:88 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:282 [ref. 26001], Isbrücker 2002:20 [ref. 27178]). •Synonym of Pterygoplichthys anisitsi Eigenmann & Kennedy 1903 -- (López & Miquelarena 1991:39 [ref. 23548], Weber in Reis et al. 2003:365 [ref. 27061]). •Valid as Pterygoplichthys disjunctivus (Weber 1991) -- (Nelson et al. 2004:84 [ref. 27807], Chavez et al. 2006:59 [ref. 28577], Page & Robins 2006:455 [ref. 28913], Armbruster & Page 2006:403 [ref. 28898], Scharpf 2006:20 [ref. 30386], Ferraris 2007:291 [ref. 29155], Page & Burr 2011:371 [ref. 31215], Sandoval-Huerta et al. 2012:294 [ref. 37364], Page et al. 2013:81 [ref. 32708], Kottelat 2013:216 [ref. 32989], Sarmiento et al. 2014:192 [ref. 35004], Çiçek et al. 2015:149 [ref. 35151], Zhang et al. 2016:211 [ref. 34477], Labatos 2017:3 [ref. 36239], Robins et al. 2018:147 [ref. 35886], Ng et al. 2019:532 [ref. 36606], Chakraborty et al. 2020:8 [ref. 37437], Abesinghe et al. 2020:147 [ref. 37767], Careaga et al. 2020:78 [ref. 37774], Çiçek et al. 2020:254 [ref. 37644], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2020:202 [ref. 38085], López-Segovia et al. 2020:110 [ref. 38151]). Current status: Valid as Pterygoplichthys disjunctivus (Weber 1991). Loricariidae: Hypostominae. Distribution: South America: Madeira River basin (Bolivia and Brazil). Introduced in Turkey, Asia, Mexico and Guatemala; established in Florida (U.S.A.). Habitat: freshwater.


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