Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 1 Nov 2022

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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mugil, Sciaena Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:541 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Otahaite [Tahiti, Society Islands, French Polynesia]. No types preserved. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:220 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Authored by 'Schn.' (Schneider) based on Forster's manuscript description (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). •Valid as Kuhlia mugil (Forster 1801) (authorship sometimes given as Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Dor 1984:109 [ref. 29757], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:142 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:508 [ref. 5712], Paulin et al. 1989:178 [ref. 24556], Winterbottom et al. 1989:28 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:135 [ref. 15987], Randall & Wheeler 1991:761 [ref. 15994], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:814 [ref. 20764], Kuiter 1993:148 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Allen & Robertson 1994:119 [ref. 22193], Goren & Dor 1994:29 [ref. 25356], Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1194 [ref. 22829], Randall 1995:151 [ref. 22896], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:191 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:339 [ref. 24023], Randall et al. 1997:135 [ref. 25919], Marquet et al. 1999:43 [ref. 23934], Myers 1999:174 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:218 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:731 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:955 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:184 [ref. 25480], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:208 [ref. 25191], Thomson et al. 2000:106 [ref. 25640], Randall & Randall 2001:235 [ref. 25399], Shinohara et al. 2000:180 [ref. 25987], Carpenter 2001:3319 [ref. 26127], Keith et al. 2002:116 [ref. 31473], Nakabo 2002:955 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:359, 628 [ref. 26218], Roe et al. 2002:903 [ref. 26504], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:627 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Nelson et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27807], Heemstra et al. 2004:3318 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:155 [ref. 28072], Love et al. 2005:131 [ref. 37547], Randall 2005:182 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1142 [ref. 29004], Loiselle & Stiassny 2007:2 [ref. 31576], Béarez & Séret 2009:149 [ref. 36646], Fricke et al. 2009:50 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:143 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:361 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:155 [ref. 32708], Fricke et al. 2013:257 [ref. 32706], Kottelat 2013:372 [ref. 32989], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:115 [ref. 36167], Trnski 2015:1245 [ref. 34198], Knudsen & Clements 2016:259 [ref. 34458], Fourriére et al. 2016:447 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:610 [ref. 34923], Koeda et al. 2016:62 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:12 [ref. 35354], Kwun et al. 2017:142 [ref. 37287], Fricke et al. 2018:245 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:70 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:18 [ref. 36883], Yoshigou 2019:6 [ref. 36711], Zajonz et al. 2019:73 [ref. 36871], Kim et al. 2020:145 [ref. 39118], Furuhashi & Motomura 2022:13 [ref. 39607], Heemstra 2022:29 [ref. 39742], Mochizuki et al. 2022:23 [ref. 39612]). Current status: Valid as Kuhlia mugil (Forster 1801). Kuhliidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-Pacific: Western Cape, Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Socotra (Yemen), Madagascar and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodriogues) east to Panama, north to southern Korea and southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Lord Howe Island (Australia), Kermadec Islands and Rapa (French Polynesia); eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of southern Baja California Sur (Mexico) south to Colombia, including Clipperton Island (France) and Galapagos Islands (Ecuador). Absent from Easter Island (Chile), Pitcairn Group, Marquesas Islands (French Polynesia) and Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.). Habitat: brackish, marine.


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