Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 8 June 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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porocephala, Eleotris Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:237 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Seychelles; New Ireland Island, Bismarck Archipelago. Syntypes: MNHN A-1573 (5) Seychelles, MNHN A-1574 (2) New Ireland. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:15 [ref. 19958]. Simultaneous synonym of Eleotris ophiocephalus, but G√ľnther (1861:107) apparently gave precedence to ophicephalus. Overwhelming use of porocephala in 2014. •Synonym of Ophiocara ophicephalus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:394 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Ophiocara porocephala (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Roberts 1978:65 [ref. 8886], Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:239 [ref. 6441], Maugé 1986:396 [ref. 6218], Hoese 1986:810 [ref. 5670], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:550 [ref. 25598], Allen & Coates 1990:101 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:166 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:980 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:135 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:195 [ref. 22772], Larson & Williams 1997:371 [ref. 23967], Fricke 1999:496 [ref. 24106], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:638 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1149 [ref. 25182], Sakai et al. 2001:107 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Allen et al. 2002:320 [ref. 25930], Mukai et al. 2002:2 [ref. 26177], Nakabo 2002:1149 [ref. 26193], Tan & Lim 2004:110 [ref. 27716], Adrim et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27715], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:197 [ref. 28107], Hoese 2006:1607 [ref. 28998], Larson et al. 2008:138 [ref. 29532], Allen et al. 2008:160 [ref. 30265], Fricke et al. 2009:98 [ref. 30213], Shibukawa 2009:257 [ref. 30449], Fricke et al. 2013:269 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:187 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:156 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:87 [ref. 35333], Pusey et al. 2017:86 [ref. 35250], Fricke et al. 2018:320 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:15 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:268 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Ophiocara porocephala (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.