Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 May 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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typus, Xiphocheilos Bleeker [P.] 1856:224 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch IndiĆ« v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 354] Nias Island, Indonesia. Holotype (unique) (?): BMNH 1864.5.15.35. Genus spelled Xiphocheilus, species heading with genus as Xiphocheilos; first reviser not researched. Kottelat (2013) cites as freshwater record from the Philippines. •Synonym of the later Xiphocheilus quadrimaculatus (Günther 1880) without explanation -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:48 [ref. 24943]). •Valid as Xiphocheilus typus Bleeker 1856 -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:242 [ref. 19754], Allen & Swainston 1988:120 [ref. 25477], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:486 [ref. 27969], Gomon 1997:828 [ref. 23083], Allen 1997:194 [ref. 23977], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:630 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:103 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:39 [ref. 25847], Westneat 2001:3465 [ref. 26277] dated 1856, Adrim et al. 2004:125 [ref. 27715], Allen et al. 2006:1417 [ref. 29095], Kuiter 2010:66 [ref. 35285], Parenti & Randall 2011:40 [ref. 31299], Allen & Erdmann 2012:726 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:168 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:177 [ref. 34464], Mishra & Saren 2016:93 [ref. 34779], Motomura et al. 2017:185 [ref. 35490], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:236 [ref. 36460], Psomadakis et al. 2020:528 [ref. 37272]). •Valid as Choerodon typus (Bleeker 1856) -- (Gomon 2017:9, 62 [ref. 35547]). Current status: Valid as Choerodon typus (Bleeker 1856). Labridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India and Myanmar east to Philippines, north to Taiwan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.