Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 8 June 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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machnata, Argentina Fabricius [J. C.] in Niebuhr (ex Forsskål) 1775:68, xiii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P17153 (dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:10 [ref. 9588]. Holotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 36 [ref. 20847]. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:14 [ref. 30182]. •Synonym of Elops saurus Linnaeus 11766 -- (Okada 1961:289 [ref. 6363]). •Valid as Elops machnata (Forsskål 1775) -- (Fraser 1973 [ref. 19562], Dor 1984:24 [ref. 29757], Daget 1984:30 [ref. 6170], Smith 1986:155 [ref. 5712], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:67 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:5 [ref. 23448], Poll & Gosse 1995:85 [ref. 24781] as moschata, Goren & Dor 1994:6 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:53 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:92 [ref. 27969], Carpenter et al. 1997:106 [ref. 23922], Fricke 1999:34 [ref. 24106], Mishra et al. 1999:83 [ref. 25315], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:584 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:341 [ref. 25191], Kottelat 2001:13 [ref. 25482], Zhang 2001:45 [ref. 26586], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S94 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:98 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:25 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:108 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:222 [ref. 28994], Bray 2008:155 [ref. 30620], Fricke et al. 2009:13 [ref. 30213], Kottelat 2013:33 [ref. 32989], Psomadakis et al. 2015:144 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:305 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:28 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:18 [ref. 36273], Suresh et al. 2018:53 [ref. 36495], Eagderi et al. 2019:32 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:61 [ref. 36871], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 4 [ref. 38321], Psomadakis et al. 2020:270 [ref. 37272]). •Valid as Elops machnata (Fabricius 1775) -- (Fricke 2008:14 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Valid as Elops machnata (Fabricius 1775). Elopidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Persian Gulf, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes [extinct in Réunion] east to Philippines; possibly Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.