Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 5 October 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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saurus, Elops Linnaeus [C.] 1766:518 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Carolina [South Carolina, U.S.A.] and Jamaica. Lectotype: LS 90 (half-skin, two pieces). Type catalog: Goode & Bean 1885:205 [ref. 1841], Wheeler 1985:27-28 [ref. 20705]. Based on multiple sources including the 'Saurus maximus, non maculatus' of Sloane 1725:284 [ref. 30230] [Jamaica], the 'Saurus argenteus laminis branchiostegis utrinque macula ...' of Browne 1756:452 [ref. 30188] [Jamaica], and a manuscript description and 2 specimens sent by A. Garden [South Carolina]. Lectotype selected by McBride et al. 2010: [ref. 30702] •Synonym of Elops hawaiensis Regan 1909 -- (Choi et al. 2003:488 [ref. 26218]). •Valid as Elops saurus Linnaeus 1766 -- (Okada 1961:289 [ref. 6363], Lee et al. 1980:56 [ref. 22416], Villa 1982:76 [ref. 36708], Uyeno & Aizawa in Uyeno et al. 1983:98 [ref. 14275], Smith 1986:392 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:47 [ref. 23100], Smith 1989:962 [ref. 13285], Zheng et al. 1989:20 [ref. 21202], Cervigón 1991:18 [ref. 24472], Kuang in Pan et al. 1991:28 [ref. 23876], Boschung 1992:31 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:308 [ref. 23827], Gamboa Pérez 1992:306 [ref. 38704], Planquette et al. 1996:52 [ref. 22818], Murdy et al. 1997:61 [ref. 23144], González Bencomo et al. 1997:158 [ref. 24960], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:205 [ref. 23897], Aguilera 1998:46 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:90 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:126 [ref. 25013], Marín 2000:64 [ref. 26252], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:147 [ref. 27754], Camargo & Isaac 2001:140 [ref. 27639], Crabtree in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:89 [ref. 26158], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:31 [ref. 27192], Smith & Crabtree 2003:679 [ref. 35183], Nelson et al. 2004:59 [ref. 27807], Boschung & Mayden 2004:126 [ref. 27995], Miller 2006:86 [ref. 28615], García-Hernández et al. 2009:91 [ref. 37265], McBride et al. 2010:38 [ref. 30702], Page et al. 2013:59 [ref. 32708], Nión et al. 2016:24 [ref. 35565], Marceniuk et al. 2017:38 [ref. 35324], Costa et al. 2017:44 [ref. 35684], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:344 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:57 [ref. 35886], Spier et al. 2018:5 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:6 [ref. 36717]). Current status: Valid as Elops saurus Linnaeus 1766. Elopidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: including Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: brackish, marine.