Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 5 October 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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funebris, Gymnothorax Ranzani [C.] 1839:77 [13], Pl. 11 (figs. 2a-b) [Novi Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Instituti Bononiensis v. 4 [1840]; ref. 18606] Brazil. No types at MZUB. Appeared first without description as Ranzani in Alessandrini 1838:433 [ref. 25852]. Dates to publication in a separate, on p. 13 and Pl. 5 in 1839; journal version in 1840. •Valid as Lycodontis funebris Ranzani 1839 -- (Aguilera 1998:46 [ref. 24221]). •Valid as Gymnothorax funebris Ranzani 1839 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:52 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:81 [ref. 25518], Böhlke et al. 1989:176 [ref. 13286], McAllister 1990:47 [ref. 14674], Cervigón 1991:37 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:368 [ref. 23827], Andreata & Séret 1996:581 [ref. 16204] as Gymnotorax, McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:234 [ref. 23897], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:134 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:148 [ref. 27754], Rocha & Rosa 2001:989 [ref. 25909], Camargo & Isaac 2001:139 [ref. 27639] as Gimnothorax and dated 1840, Collette et al. 2003:98 [ref. 26784] dated 1840, Böhlke & Smith 2003:708 [ref. 26990], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27192] dated 1840, Smith et al. 2003:8 [ref. 27621] dated 1840, Nelson et al. 2004:61 [ref. 27807], Vaske et al. 2005:78 [ref. 36155], Smith 2012:16 [ref. 32155], Page et al. 2013:61 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:23 [ref. 33341], Pinheiro et al. 2015:5 [ref. 34324], Robertson et al. 2016:144 [ref. 34961], Spier et al. 2018:6 [ref. 36103], Robertson et al. 2020:159 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Gymnothorax funebris Ranzani 1839. Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.