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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Genera in the family or subfamily Percidae: [ 115 ] records


Acerina Güldenstädt [J. A. von] 1775:455 Fem. Acerina babir Güldenstädt 1775 (= Perca cernua Linnaeus 1758). Type by monotypy. Jordan 1917:32 [ref. 2407] lists type as kabir Güldenstädt = cernua Linnaeus. Collette 1963:617 [ref. 6459] indicated that he could find no kabir mentioned by Güldenstädt and indicated he merely described Perca acerina and compared it with Perca cernua. The title apparently does not indicate that Güldenstädt was describing a genus and on p. 456 he mentions babir russice salutatur acerina. Cernua autem, ... Kottelat & Freyhof 2009:84 [ref. 30320] treat babir as a vernacular name, and they suggest that Acerina Güldenstädt 1775 is an unavailable generic name. Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:205 treat Acerina as not a generic name (and date it to 1774). In any event and if needed, steps should be taken to suppress Acerina in favor of the well known genus Gymnocephalus. •In the synonymy of Gymnocephalus Bloch 1793. Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Gymnocephalus Bloch 1793. Percidae: Percinae.

Acerina Cuvier [G.] 1816:283 Fem. Perca acerina Gmelin 1789 (= Perca cernua Linnaeus 1758). Type by absolute tautonymy. See Whitley 1935:138 [ref. 6396] for comments regarding type species. •Valid as Acerina Cuvier 1816 -- (Zhang et al. 2016:195 [ref. 34477] dated 1817). •Synonym of Gymnocephalus Bloch 1793, but a valid subgenus as described -- (Holčík & Hensel 1974:483 [ref. 7505]). •Synonym of Gymnocephalus Bloch 1793 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1453 [ref. 5845], Parin 2003:S3 [ref. 28536], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:204 [ref. 28183], Parin et al. 2014:354 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnocephalus Bloch 1793. Percidae: Percinae.

Adonia Near [T. J.] & Keck [B. P.] in Near, Bossu, Bradburd, Carlson, Harrington et al. 2011:594 Fem. Etheostoma duryi Henshall 1889. Type by original designation. Proposed as a new clade name. •In the synonymy of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Allohistium (subgenus of Etheostoma) Bailey [R. M.] in Bailey & Gosline 1955:6 Neut. Etheostoma cinerea Storer 1845. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subgenus Allohistium as described -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1455 [ref. 5845], Page 1981:31 [ref. 3347], Page 1983:60 [ref. 22189], Bailey & Etnier 1988:12 [ref. 6873], Powers et al. 2012:43 [ref. 31949]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Alvordius Girard [C. F.] 1859:68 Masc. Alvordius maculatus Girard 1859. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842, but a valid subgenus Alvodius -- (Page 1974:83 [ref. 3346], Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1454 [ref. 5845], Mayden & Page 1979 [ref. 6989], Beckham 1980 [ref. 5464], Page 1983:35 [ref. 22189]). •Valid as a clade name -- (Near et al. 2011:592 [ref. 31507]) Current status: Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Ammocrypta Jordan [D. S.] 1877:5 Fem. Ammocrypta beanii Jordan 1877. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Ammocrypta Jordan 1877 -- (Williams 1975 [ref. 7402], Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1455 [ref. 5845], Page 1981:28 [ref. 3347], Kuehne & Barbour 1983:59 [ref. 38055], Page 1983:18, 52 [ref. 22189], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:814 [ref. 21581], Song et al. 1998:352 [ref. 23823], Near et al. 2000:709 [ref. 24586], Scharpf 2008:18 [ref. 30399], Smith et al. 2011:5 [ref. 31508], Near et al. 2011:573 [ref. 31507] with comments, Bruner 2011:37 [ref. 32226], Stephens et al. 2014:544 [ref. 33552]). •Valid as a clade name -- (Near et al. 2011:592 [ref. 31507]). Current status: Valid as Ammocrypta Jordan 1877. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Anemoces Jordan [D. S.] 1929:156 Masc. Ulocentra gilberti Evermann & Thoburn 1896. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842, subgenus Cottogaster Putnam 1863 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1455 [ref. 5845]). Current status: Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Aplocentrus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1819:419 Masc. Aplocentrus calliops Rafinesque 1819. Type by monotypy. Apparently a mythical genus, based on an Audubon drawing; see Markle 1997:445 [ref. 23370]. Percidae.

Arlina Girard [C. F.] 1859:64 Fem. Arlina effulgens Girard 1859. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, subgenus Boleosoma DeKay 1842 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1456 [ref. 5845]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Asper Schaeffer [J. C.] 1761:69 Masc. Regarded as not available, work judged as non-binominal as was Schaefer 1760 [ref. 4989]. •In the synonymy of Zingel Cloquet 1817 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1459 [ref. 5845]). Suppressed. Current status: Synonym of Zingel Cloquet 1817. Percidae: Luciopercinae.

Asperulus Klein [J. T.] 1776:686 Masc. Not available, published in a work that does not conform to the principle of binominal nomenclature. •In the synonymy of Zingel Cloquet 1817. Suppressed. Current status: Synonym of Zingel Cloquet 1817. Percidae: Luciopercinae.

Asperulus Schaeffer [J. C.] 1761:58 Masc. Regarded as not available, work judged as non-binominal as was Schaeffer 1760 [ref. 4989]. •In the synonymy of Zingel Cloquet 1817 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1459 [ref. 5845]). Suppressed. Current status: Synonym of Zingel Cloquet 1817. Percidae: Luciopercinae.

Asperulus Gill [T. N.] (ex Klein) 1861:46 Masc. Perca zingel Linnaeus 1766. Not described as a genus name, but a species name without a genus, based on Perca asper Linnaeus 1758 (in part, 'zingel' form of Artedi and Klein). Regarded as not available, work judged to be non-binomial as was Schaeffer 1769 [ref. 4989]. •In the synonymy of Zingel Cloquet 1817 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1459 [ref. 5845]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Zingel Cloquet 1817. Percidae: Luciopercinae.

Asperulus Walbaum [J. J.] (ex Klein) 1792:584 Masc. Not available, published in a part of work rejected for nomenclatural purposes in Opinion 21 (1938). Based on Klein 1749:28 [ref. 30141]. •In the synonymy of Zingel Cloquet 1817. Suppressed. Current status: Synonym of Zingel Cloquet 1817. Percidae: Luciopercinae.

Aspro Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:188 Masc. Perca asper Linnaeus 1758. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan 1917:124 [ref. 2407]. Not preoccupied by Aspro Commerson in Lacepède 1802 in fishes (not available). Treated as masculine, Art. 30.2.4. •Synonym of Zingel Cloquet 1817 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1459 [ref. 5845]). Current status: Synonym of Zingel Cloquet 1817. Percidae: Luciopercinae.

Asproperca Heckel [J. J.] in Canestrini 1860:311 Fem. Pileoma zebra Agassiz 1850. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842, subgenus Percina -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1455 [ref. 5845]). Current status: Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Astatichthys Vaillant [L. L.] 1873:106 Masc. Etheostoma caerulea Storer 1845. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan & Gilbert 1877:95 [ref. 4907]. •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1456 [ref. 5845]). •A valid clade name -- (Near et al. 2011:593 [ref. 31507]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Atlantis Near [T. J.] & Keck [B. P.] in Near, Bossu, Bradburd, Carlson, Harrington et al. 2011:591 Masc. Etheostoma roanoka Jordan & Jenkins 1889. Type by original designation. Proposed as a new clade name. •In the synonymy of Percina Haldeman 1842. Current status: Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Austroperca Hubbs [C. L.] 1936:1 Fem. Etheostoma australe Jordan 1889. Type by being a replacement name. Takes same type species as Torrentaria, not Diplesion fasciata Girard as designated by Hubbs. Replacement for Torrentaria Jordan & Evermann 1896, preoccupied by Torrentaria Hodgson in Gray 1863 in Aves. •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subgenus Austroperca -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1456 [ref. 5845]). •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, subgenus Oligocephalus Girard 1859 -- (Bailey & Etnier 1988:25 [ref. 6873]). •A valid clade name -- (Near et al. 2011:593 [ref. 31507]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Belophlox Fowler [H. W.] 1947:1 Fem. Belophlox mariae Fowler 1947. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subgenus Belophlox -- (Page 1981:37 [ref. 3347], Page 1983:112 [ref. 22189], Bailey & Etnier 1988:26 [ref. 6873]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Boleichthys Girard [C. F.] 1859:103 Masc. Boleichthys exilis Girard 1859. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan & Gilbert 1877:92 [ref. 4907]. •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subgenus Boleichhys -- (Page 1981:40 [ref. 3347], Page 1983:151 [ref. 22189]). •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, subgenus Oligocephalus Girard 1859 -- (Bailey & Etnier 1988:25 [ref. 6873]). •A valid clade name -- (Near et al. 2011:593 [ref. 31507]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Boleosoma DeKay [J. E.] 1842:20 Neut. Boleosoma tessellatum DeKay 1842. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subgenus Boleosoma -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1456 [ref. 5845], Page 1981:34 [ref. 3347], Page 1983:81 [ref. 22189], Bailey & Etnier 1988:23 [ref. 6873]). •A valid clade name -- (Near et al. 2011:595 [ref. 31507]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Carnipellucida Keck [B. P.] & Near [T. J.] in Near, Bossu, Bradburd, Carlson, Harrington et al. 2011:592 Fem. Ammocrypta clara Jordan & Meek 1885. Type by original designation. Proposed as a new clade name. •In the synonymy of Percina Haldeman 1842. Current status: Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Catonotus Agassiz [L.] 1854:305 Masc. Catonotus lineolatus Agassiz 1854. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subgenus Catonotus -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1456 [ref. 5845], Page 1981:40 [ref. 3347], Page 1983:144 [ref. 22189], Mayden 1985:580 [ref. 6631], Braasch & Mayden 1985 [ref. 6874], Bailey & Etnier 1988:24 [ref. 6873], Page et al. 1992:615 [ref. 19865], Porterfield et al. 1999:551 [ref. 23911], Blanton & Jenkins 2008:1 [ref. 29947]). •A valid clade name Etheostoma, subgenus Catonotus, clade Oopareira Braasch & Mayden 1885-- (Near et al. 2011:595 [ref. 31507], Near & Thomas 2015:127, 131 [ref. 34008]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Ceasia Near [T. J.] & Keck [B. P.] in Near, Bossu, Bradburd, Carlson, Harrington et al. 2011:593 Fem. Poecilichthys spectabilis Agassiz 1854. Type by original designation. Proposed as a new clade name. •In the synonymy of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Cephimnus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1815:85 Masc. Perca schraetser Linnaeus 1758. Type by being a replacement name. As "Cephimnus R. [Rafinesque] Gymnocephalus Bl. [Bloch]." An available (unneeded) replacement name for and objective synonym of Gymnocephalus Bloch 1793. •Synonym of Gymnocephalus Bloch 1793. Current status: Synonym of Gymnocephalus Bloch 1793. Percidae: Percinae.

Cernua Schaeffer [J. C.] 1761:37 Fem. Not described as a genus name, but a species name without a genus, based on Perca cernua Linnaeus 1758, Regarded as not available, work judged as non-binominal as was Schaeffer 1760 [ref. 4989]. Originally described as 'Cernva' due to historical typeset (equals Cernua). •In the synonymy of Gymnocephalus Bloch 1793 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1453 [ref. 5845]). Suppressed. Current status: Synonym of Gymnocephalus Bloch 1793. Percidae: Percinae.

Cernua Fleming [J.] 1828:212 Fem. Perca fluviatilis Fleming 1828 (= Perca cernua Linnaeus 1758). Type by monotypy; Fleming's fluviatilis an unneeded substitute for cernua. •Synonym of Gymnocephalus Bloch 1793 -- (Holčík & Hensel 1974:483 [ref. 7505] subgenus Acerina, Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1453 [ref. 5845], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:204 [ref. 28183]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnocephalus Bloch 1793. Percidae: Percinae.

Chalinoperca Near [T. J.] & Keck [B. P.] in Near, Bossu, Bradburd, Carlson, Harrington et al. 2011:592 Fem. Percina kusha Williams & Burkhead 2007. Type by original designation. Proposed as a new clade name. •In the synonymy of Percina Haldeman 1842 -- (Near et al. 2021:16 [ref. 38235]). Current status: Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Cingla (subgenus of Sciaena) Fleming [J.] 1822:394 Fem. Perca zingel Linnaeus 1766. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Zingel Cloquet 1817 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1459 [ref. 5845]). Current status: Synonym of Zingel Cloquet 1817. Percidae: Luciopercinae.

Claricola (subgenus of Etheostoma) Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1896:1066, 1069, 1093 Masc. Etheostoma juliae Meek 1891. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1456 [ref. 5845]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Copelandellus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1896:1019, 1100 Masc. Poecilichthys quiescens Jordan 1884. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, subgenus Hololepis Putnam 1863 -- (Collette 1962:123 [ref. 5865], Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1457 [ref. 5845]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Cottogaster Putnam [F. W.] 1863:4 Fem. Boleosoma tessellatum of Thompson (not of DeKay) 1853. Type by monotypy. Based on misidentified type species, Boleosoma tessellatum (not of DeKay) Thompson 1853; Cottogaster putnami Jordan & Gilbert 1883:498 proposed for Thompson's misidentification. Probably should go to ICZN on Art. 70.3. •Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842, but a valid subgenus Cottogaster -- (Page 1974:84 [ref. 3346], Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1455 [ref. 5845], Page 1983:44 [ref. 22189], Suttkus et al. 1994 [ref. 21916], Near et al. 2011:591 [ref. 31507] as a clade name). Current status: Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Crystallaria Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan 1885:866 [78] Fem. Pleurolepis asprellus Jordan 1878. Type by original designation (also monotypic). On p. 78 of separate. •Synonym of Ammocrypta Jordan 1877, but a valid subgenus Crystallaria -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1455 [ref. 5845], Page 1981:28 [ref. 3347], Page 1983:52 [ref. 22189]). •Valid as Crystallaria Jordan & Gilbert 1885 -- (Simons 1991:927 [ref. 22446], Wood & Mayden 1997:265 [ref. 22822], Song et al. 1998:352 [ref. 23823], Scharpf 2008:19 [ref. 30399], Smith et al. 2011:5 [ref. 31508], Near et al. 2011:573 [ref. 31507] with comments). •Valid as a clade name -- (Near et al. 2011:592 [ref. 31507]). Current status: Valid as Crystallaria Jordan & Gilbert 1885. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Cynoperca (subgenus of Stizostedion) Gill [T. N.] & Jordan [D. S.] in Jordan 1877:44, 45 Fem. Lucioperca canadense Griffith & Smith 1834. Type by monotypy; "typified by" not specific enough for original designation. Subgenus was misspelled Stizosethium. •Synonym of Stizostedion Rafinesque 1820 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1457 [ref. 5845]). •Synonym of Sander Oken 1817. Current status: Synonym of Sander Oken 1817. Percidae: Luciopercinae.

Dengizperca (subgenus of Perca) Shcherbuka [A. Ya.] 1992:25 Fem. Perca schrenkii Kessler 1874. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Perca Linnaeus 1758 based on placement of the type species. Current status: Synonym of Perca Linnaeus 1758. Percidae: Percinae.

Diplesion (subgenus of Etheostoma) Rafinesque [C. S.] 1820:169 Neut. Etheostoma blennioides Rafinesque 1819. Type by monotypy. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1820:37 [ref. 3592]. Diplesium Agassiz 1846:125 [ref. 64] is an unjustified emendation. •Objective synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1455 [ref. 5845]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Doration Jordan [D. S.] 1929:156 Neut. Boleosoma stigmaeum Jordan 1877. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subgenus Doration -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1456 [ref. 5845], Page 1981:33 [ref. 3347], Page 1983:80 [ref. 22189], Bailey & Etnier 1988:23 [ref. 6873], Layman & Mayden 2009:157 [ref. 30060], Layman & Mayden 2012:6 [ref. 32285]). •A valid clade name -- (Near et al. 2011:594 [ref. 31507]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Epitrachys (subgenus of Perca) Schulze [E.] 1890:209 [73] Fem. Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758. Type by monotypy. Proofed from separate, on p. 73 of separate. On p. 89 of 1892 edition. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Epitrachys Ehlers 1869 in Vermes. •Synonym of Perca Linnaeus 1758 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1452 [ref. 5845]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Perca Linnaeus 1758. Percidae: Percinae.

Ericosma Jordan [D. S.] & Copeland [H. E.] in Jordan 1877:8 Fem. Alvordius evides Jordan & Copeland 1877. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842, but a valid subgenus Ericosma -- (Page 1974:83 [ref. 3346], Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1454 [ref. 5845], Page 1983:41 [ref. 22189]). Current status: Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Estrella Girard [C. F.] 1859:65 Fem. Estrella atromaculata Girard 1859. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, subgenus Boleosoma DeKay 1842 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1456 [ref. 5845]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Etheostoma Rafinesque [C. S.] 1819:419 Neut. Etheostoma blennioides Rafinesque 1819. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Agassiz 1854:304 [ref. 69], and confirmed as type species by ICZN (Opinion 14). •Valid as Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1455 [ref. 5845], Page 1981:28 [ref. 3347], Kuehne & Barbour 1983:66 [ref. 38055], Page 1983:18, 58 [ref. 22189], Bailey & Etnier 1988:12 [ref. 6873], Page et al. 1992 [ref. 19865], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:817 [ref. 21581], Bauer et al. 1995:1 [ref. 22529], Clabaugh et al. 1996:119 [ref. 22799], Turner 1997:319 [ref. 22898], Porterfield et al. 1999:551 [ref. 23911], Bart & Taylor 1999:23 [ref. 24150], Norris 2001:1 [ref. 25628], Powers & Mayden 2007:5 [ref. 29367], Blanton & Jenkins 2008:1 [ref. 29947], Blanton & Schuster 2008:844 [ref. 29948], Scharpf 2008:19 [ref. 30399], Layman & Mayden 2009:157 [ref. 30060], Mayden 2010:716 [ref. 31085], Smith et al. 2011:5 [ref. 31508], Near et al. 2011:573 [ref. 31507] with discussion, Near et al. 20122:593 [ref. 31507] as a clade name, Harrington & Near 2012:64 [ref. 31699], Powers et al. 2012:43 [ref. 31949], Bruner 2011:37 [ref. 32226], Suttkus et al. 2012:1 [ref. 32288], Layman & Mayden 2012:1 [ref. 32285], Stephens et al. 2014:544 [ref. 33552], Near et al. 2016:127 [ref. 34865], Piller & Bart 2017:569 [ref. 35619], Kozal et al. 2017:263 [ref. 35621], Sterling & Warren 2020:1 [ref. 37736]). Current status: Valid as Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Etnierperca Near [T. J.] & Keck [B. P.] in Near, Bossu, Bradburd, Carlson, Harrington et al. 2011:591 Fem. Percina tanasi Etnier 1976. Type by original designation. Proposed as a new clade name. •In the synonymy of Percina Haldeman 1842. Current status: Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Farragoperca MacGuigan [D. J.] & Near [T. J.] 2019:346 Fem. Etheostoma trisella Bailey & Richards 1963. Type by original designation. Proposed as a new clade name. •In the synonymy of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Fuscatelum (subgenus of Etheostoma) Page [L. M.] 1981:36 Neut. Etheostoma (Etheostoma) parvipinne Gilbert & Swain 1887. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subgenus Fuscatelum as described -- (Page 1983:109 [ref. 22189], Bailey & Etnier 1988:26 [ref. 6873], Bart & Taylor 1999:23 [ref. 24150]). •A valid clade name -- (Near et al. 2011:594 [ref. 31507]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Gemmaperca Keck [B. P.] & Near [T. J.] in Near, Bossu, Bradburd, Carlson, Harrington et al. 2011:594 Fem. Poecilichthys jessiae Jordan & Brayton 1878. Type by original designation. Proposed as a new clade name. •In the synonymy of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Goneaperca Near [T. J.] & Keck [B. P.] in Near, Bossu, Bradburd, Carlson, Harrington et al. 2011:595 Fem. Etheostoma basilare Page, Hardman & Near 2003. Type by original designation. Proposed as a new clade name. •In the synonymy of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Gremilla Gistel [J.] 1848:VIII Fem. Perca cernua Linnaeus 1758. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Acerina Cuvier 1816, preoccupied; unneeded, as earlier name is available (e.g., Gymnocephalus Bloch 1793). •Objective synonym of Acerina Cuvier 1816. •Synonym of Gymnocephalus Bloch 1793. Current status: Synonym of Gymnocephalus Bloch 1793. Percidae: Percinae.

Gymnocephalus Bloch [M. E.] 1793:24 Masc. Perca schraetser Linnaeus 1758. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1876:266 [ref. 447]. See also Acerina Güldenstädt 1775. •Synonym of Acerina Cuvier 1816 -- (Zhang et al. 2016:195 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Gymnocephalus Bloch 1793 -- (Holčík & Hensel 1974:483 [ref. 7505], Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1453 [ref. 5845], Popova 1998:117 [ref. 23588], Song et al. 1998:352 [ref. 23823], Parin 2003:S3 [ref. 28536], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:204 [ref. 28183], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:526 [ref. 29996], Scharpf 2008:35 [ref. 30399], Geiger & Schliewen 2010:119 [ref. 30887], Bruner 2011:37 [ref. 32226] in Acerinae, Parin et al. 2014:354 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Gymnocephalus Bloch 1793. Percidae: Percinae.

Hadropterus Agassiz [L.] 1854:305 Masc. Hadropterus nigrofasciatus Agassiz 1854. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842, but a valid subgenus Hadropterus -- (Page 1974:82 [ref. 3346], Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1454 [ref. 5845], Page 1983:29 [ref. 22189]). •Valid as a clade name -- (Near et al. 2011:592 [ref. 31507]) Current status: Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Hololepis Putnam [F. W.] (ex Agassiz) 1863:4 Fem. Boleosoma barratti Holbrook 1855. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan & Gilbert 1877:93 [ref. 4907]. •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subgenus Hololepis -- (Collette 1962 [ref. 5865], Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1457 [ref. 5845], Bailey & Etnier 1988:27 [ref. 6873]). •A valid clade name -- (Near et al. 2011:593 [ref. 31507]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Hyostoma Agassiz [L.] 1854:305 Neut. Hyostoma newmanii Agassiz 1854. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, subgenus Etheostoma (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1456 [ref. 5845]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Hypohomus Cope [E. D.] 1870:449 Masc. Cottogaster aurantiacus Cope 1868. Type by monotypy. Misspelled Hypochromus in Zoological Record for 1871. •Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842, but a valid subgenus Hypohomus -- (Page 1974:84 [ref. 3346], Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1455 [ref. 5845], Page 1983:43 [ref. 22189]). Current status: Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Imostoma Jordan [D. S.] 1877:49 Neut. Hadropterus shumardi Girard 1859. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842, but a valid subgenus Imostoma -- (Page 1974:85 [ref. 3346], Etnier 1976:471 [ref. 7327], Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1455 [ref. 5845], Page 1983:45 [ref. 22189]). Current status: Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Ioa Jordan [D. S.] & Brayton [A. W.] 1878:88 Fem. Poecilichthys vitreus Cope 1870. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subgenus Ioa -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1455 [ref. 5845], Page 1981:34 [ref. 3347], Page 1983:92 [ref. 22189], Bailey & Etnier 1988:23 [ref. 6873]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Iriperca Near [T. J.] & Keck [B. P.] in Near, Bossu, Bradburd, Carlson, Harrington et al. 2011:594 Fem. Poecilichthys tetrazonus Hubbs & Black 1940. Type by original designation. Proposed as a new clade name. •In the synonymy of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Leptoperca Gill [T. N.] 1861:502, footnote Fem. Perca schraetser Linnaeus 1758. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Gymnocephalus Bloch 1793 -- (Holčík & Hensel 1974:483 [ref. 7505], Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1453 [ref. 5845]). Current status: Synonym of Gymnocephalus Bloch 1793. Percidae: Percinae.

Leucops Rafinesque [C. S.] 1819:419 Masc. Pogostoma leucops Rafinesque 1818. Type by being a replacement name. Unneeded replacement for Pogostoma Rafinesque 1818, not preoccupied. Apparently a mythical fish, based on Audubon drawing. Current status: Uncertain. Percidae.

Litocara (subgenus of Poecilichthys) Bailey [R. M.] 1948:79 Neut. Poecilichthys sagitta Jordan & Swain 1883. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subgenus Litocara as described -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1456 [ref. 5845], Page 1981:30 [ref. 3347], Page 1983:59 [ref. 22189], Bailey & Etnier 1988:12 [ref. 6873]). •A valid clade name -- (Near et al. 2011:594 [ref. 31507]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Lucioperca Schinz [H. R.] 1822:475 Fem. Perca lucioperca Linnaeus 1758. Type by monotypy (also by absolute tautonymy). Predates Lucioperca Cuvier 1828. •Synonym of Stizostedion Rafinesque 1820 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1457 [ref. 5845]). •Synonym of Sander Oken 1817 -- (Kottelat 1997:173 [ref. 22952], Parin et al. 2014:356 [ref. 33547]). •Valid as Lucioperca Schinz 1822 -- (Zhang et al. 2016:212 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Sander Oken 1817. Percidae: Luciopercinae.

Lucioperca Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828:110 Fem. Perca lucioperca Linnaeus 1758. Type by monotypy (also by absolute tautonymy). Appeared first as a vernacular species "lucio perca" in Cuvier 1816:295 [ref. 993] (see Collette 1963:617 [ref. 6459]). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Lucioperca Fleming 1822 and Schinz 1822 in fishes. •Synonym of Stizostedion Rafinesque 1820 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1457 [ref. 5845], Parin 2003:S4 [ref. 28536]). •In the synonymy of Sander Oken 1817 -- (Kottelat 1997:173 [ref. 22952], Parin et al. 2014:356 [ref. 33547]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Sander Oken 1817. Percidae: Luciopercinae.

Lucioperca (subgenus of Perca) Fleming [J.] 1822:394 Fem. Lucioperca vulgaris Fleming 1822 (= Perca lucioperca Linnaeus 1758). Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Stizostedion Rafinesque 1820 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1457 [ref. 5845]). •Synonym of Sander Oken 1817 -- (Kottelat 1997:173 [ref. 22952], Parin et al. 2014:356 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Sander Oken 1817. Percidae: Luciopercinae.

Maydenichthys Near [T. J.] & Keck [B. P.] in Near, Bossu, Bradburd, Carlson, Harrington et al. 2011:594 Masc. Etheostoma akatulo Layman & Mayden 2009. Type by original designation. Proposed as a new clade name. •In the synonymy of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Microperca Putnam [F. W.] 1863:4 Fem. Microperca punctulata Putnam 1863. Type by monotypy. Type species preoccupied when in Etheostoma, species replaced by Etheostoma microperca Jordan & Gilbert. •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subgenus Microperca -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1457 [ref. 5845], Burr 1978 [ref. 7035], Bailey & Etnier 1988:28 [ref. 6873]). •A valid clade name -- (Near et al. 2011:593 [ref. 31507]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Mimoperca (subgenus of Stizostedion) Gill [T. N.] & Jordan [D. S.] in Jordan 1877:44 Fem. Perca volgensis Gmelin 1789. Type by original designation (based on context of "typified by"), also monotypic. Subgenus was misspelled Stizosethium. •Objective synonym of Schilius Krynicki 1832. •Synonym of Stizostedion Rafinesque 1820 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1457 [ref. 5845]). •Synonym of Sander Oken 1817. Current status: Synonym of Sander Oken 1817. Percidae: Luciopercinae.

Mooreichthys (subgenus of Etheostoma) Sloss [B. L. N.], Billington [N.] & Burr [B. M.] 2004:547 Masc. Hadropterus sellaris Radcliffe & Welsh 1913. Not available, seen in the literature (see Scharpf 2008:31 [ref. 30399]). Appeared as a nomen nudum in meeting abstracts in 1994 and 2003 and in print in Sloss et al. 2004:547 [ref. 31536]. Appeared with one included species sellare as a subgenus of Etheostoma. No description and not described as new. •In the synonymy of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, subgenus Mooreichthys Stephens, Johnson & Grady 2014. Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Mooreichthys (subgenus of Etheostoma) Stephens [R. R.], Johnson [K. A.] & Grady [M. P.] 2014:542 Masc. Hadropterus sellaris Radcliffe & Welsh 1913. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subgenus Mooreichthys Stephens, Johnson & Grady 2014. Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Nanostoma Putnam [F. W.] in Jordan 1877:6 Neut. Poecilichthys zonalis Cope 1868. Type by original designation. Not preoccupied by Nannostomus Gunther 1872. •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subgenus Nanostoma -- (Page 1981:32 [ref. 3347], Page & Burr 1982 [ref. 5462], Page 1983:72 [ref. 22189]). •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, subgenus Etheostoma -- (Bailey & Etnier 1988:12 [ref. 6873]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Neoetheostoma Near [T. J.] & Keck [B. P.] in Near, Bossu, Bradburd, Carlson, Harrington et al. 2011:595 Neut. Nothonotus thalassinus Jordan & Brayton 1878. Type by original designation. Proposed as a new clade name. •In the synonymy of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Nivicola (subgenus of Etheostoma) Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1896:1066, 1068, 1082 Masc. Poecilichthys borealis Jordan 1884. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Objectively invalid; apparently preoccupied by Nivicola Hodgson 1893 in Aves, replaced by Niviperca Whitley 1951. •In the synonymy of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1456 [ref. 5845]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Niviperca Whitley [G. P.] 1951:68 Fem. Poecilichthys borealis Jordan 1884. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Nivicola Jordan & Evermann 1896, apparently preoccupied by Nivicola Hodgson 1893 in Aves. •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1456 [ref. 5845]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Nothonotus Putnam [F. W.] (ex Agassiz) 1863:3 Masc. Etheostoma maculata Kirtland 1840. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan & Gilbert 1877:93 [ref. 4907]. •Valid as Nothonotus Putnam 1863 -- (Near et al. 2011:573 [ref. 31507] with discussion, Keck & Near 2013:3 [ref. 32583]). •Valid as a clade name -- (Near et al. 2011:592 [ref. 31507]). •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subgenus Nothonotus -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1456 [ref. 5845], Page 1981:35 [ref. 3347], Page 1983:96 [ref. 22189], Bailey & Etnier 1988:24 [ref. 6873], Wood 1996:300 [ref. 22394], Near & Keck 2005:3485 [ref. 30594] as a clade, Keck & Near 2008:708 [ref. 30595] as a clade). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Odontopholis (subgenus of Percina) Page [L. M.] 1974:84 Fem. Etheostoma (Hadropterus) cymatotaenia Gilbert & Meek 1887. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842, but a valid subgenus Odontopholis as described -- (Page 1974:84 [ref. 3346], Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1454 [ref. 5845], Burr & Page 1993 [ref. 21302], Page 1983:42 [ref. 22189]). •Valid as a clade name -- (Near et al. 2011:592 [ref. 31507]) Current status: Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Oligocephalus Girard [C. F.] 1859:67 Masc. Boleosoma lepida Baird & Girard 1853. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subgenus Oligocephalus -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1456 [ref. 5845], Page 1981:39 [ref. 3347], Page 1983:121 [ref. 22189], Bailey & Etnier 1988:25 [ref. 6873], Norris 2001:1 [ref. 25628], Lang & Mayden 2007:605 [ref. 30596], Suttkus et al. 2012:6 [ref. 32288]). •A valid clade name -- (Near et al. 2011:593 [ref. 31507]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Oopareia Near [T. J.] & Keck [B. P.] in Near, Bossu, Bradburd, Carlson, Harrington et al. 2011:595 Fem. Poecilichthys virgatus Jordan 1880. Type by original designation. Proposed as a new clade name. •In the synonymy of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Ozarka (subgenus of Etheostoma) Williams [J. D.] & Robison [H. W.] 1981:150 Fem. Poecilichthys punctulatus Agassiz 1854. Type by original designation. Date of publication from Poly 2009:103 [ref. 30136]. •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subgenus Ozarka as described -- (Page 1981:38 [ref. 3347], Page 1983:116 [ref. 22189], Bailey & Etnier 1988:26 [ref. 6873], Mayden 2010:716 [ref. 31085]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Pagella Near [T. J.] & Keck [B. P.] in Near, Bossu, Bradburd, Carlson, Harrington et al. 2011:591 Fem. Etheostoma macrocephalum Cope 1867. Type by original designation. Proposed as a new clade name. •In the synonymy of Percina Haldeman 1842. Current status: Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Perca Linnaeus [C.] 1758:289 Fem. Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Gill 1861:48 [ref. 1768]. On Official List (Opinion 77, Direction 56). •Valid as Perca Linnaeus 1758 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1451 [ref. 5845], Paxton et al. 1989:561 [ref. 12442], Shcherbuka 1992:25 [ref. 21089], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:775 [ref. 21581], Wood & Mayden 1997:265 [ref. 22822], Popova 1998:118 [ref. 23588], Song et al. 1998:352 [ref. 23823], Sideleva 2001:56 [ref. 26181], Sideleva 2003:11 [ref. 27815], Parin 2003:S3 [ref. 28536], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:205 [ref. 28183], Paxton et al. 2006:1080 [ref. 28994], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:526 [ref. 29996], Scharpf 2008:35 [ref. 30399], Smith et al. 2011:5 [ref. 31508], Marshall 2011:209 [ref. 31755], Bruner 2011:37 [ref. 32226], Stephens et al. 2014:545 [ref. 33552], Parin et al. 2014:355 [ref. 33547], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:895 [ref. 34062], Roberts & McDowall 2015:1215 [ref. 34197], Zhang et al. 2016:195 [ref. 34477], Esmaeili et al. 2017:94 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:76 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Perca Linnaeus 1758. Percidae: Percinae.

Percarina Nordmann [A. von] 1840:357 Fem. Percarina demidoffii Nordmann 1840. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Percarina Nordmann 1840 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1454 [ref. 5845], Popova 1998:119 [ref. 23588], Song et al. 1998:352 [ref. 23823], Parin 2003:S4 [ref. 28536], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:206 [ref. 28183], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:526 [ref. 29996], Bruner 2011:37 [ref. 32226] in Percarinae, Parin et al. 2014:355 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Valid as Percarina Nordmann 1840. Percidae: Percinae.

Percina (subgenus of Perca) Haldeman [S. S.] 1842:330 Fem. Perca (Percina) nebulosa Haldeman 1842. Type by monotypy. Apparently predates Pileoma DeKay 1842, Haldeman was (5 July) 1842. •Valid as Percina Haldeman 1842 -- (Page 1974 [ref. 3346], Collette & Bănărescu 1977 [ref. 5845], Page 1981 [ref. 3347], Kuehne & Barbour 1983:25 [ref. 38055], Page 1983:18 [ref. 22189], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:777 [ref. 21581], Thompson 1995:1 [ref. 17281], Thompson 1997:2 [ref. 23154], Wood & Mayden 1997:265 [ref. 22822], Song et al. 1998:352 [ref. 23823], Near 2002:10 [ref. 25888] with clades and no subgenera, Williams et al. 2007:1 [ref. 29253], Freeman et al. 2008:25 [ref. 29946], Near 2008:7 [ref. 29672], Scharpf 2008:35 [ref. 30399], Bruner 2011:37 [ref. 32226], Near et al. 2011:591 [ref. 31507] with comments, Stephens et al. 2014:545 [ref. 33552], Near et al. 2017:287 [ref. 35622], Near et al. 2021:15 [ref. 38235]). Current status: Valid as Percina Haldeman 1842. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Percis Klein [J. T.] 1776:45 Fem. Not available, published in a work that does not conform to the principle of binominal nomenclature. Not Percis Scopoli. Suppressed. Percidae: Percinae.

Percis Walbaum [J. J.] (ex Klein) 1792:585 Fem. Not available, published in a part of work rejected for nomenclatural purposes in Opinion 21 (1938). Based on Klein 1749:39 [ref. 30141]. Also objectively invalid; preoccupied by Percis Scopoli 1777, not replaced. •In the synonymy of Gymnocephalus Bloch 1793 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1453 [ref. 5845]) 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Gymnocephalus Bloch 1793. Percidae: Percinae.

Pileoma DeKay [J. E.] 1842:16 Neut. Pileoma semifasciatum DeKay 1842. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1455 [ref. 5845]). •Valid as Pileoma DeKay 1842 -- (Near et al. 2011:591 [ref. 31507] as a clade name with wrong type species). Current status: Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Plesioperca Vaillant [L. L.] 1873:36 Fem. Plesioperca anceps Vaillant 1873. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842, subgenus Hadropterus Agassiz 1854 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1454 [ref. 5845]). Current status: Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Pleurolepis Putnam [F. W.] (ex Agassiz) 1863:5 Fem. Pleurolepis pellucidus Putnam 1863. Type by monotypy. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Pleurolepis Quenstedt 1852 in fossil fishes, replaced by Vigil Jordan 1919. •In the synonymy of Ammocrypta Jordan 1877, subgenus Ammocrypta -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1455 [ref. 5845]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Ammocrypta Jordan 1877. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Poecilichthys Agassiz [L.] 1854:304, 305 Masc. Etheostoma variata Kirtland 1840. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Poecilosoma Agassiz 1850, preoccupied by Poecilosoma Hübner 1819 in Lepidoptera and Newman 1838 in Coleoptera. •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, subgenus Etheostoma -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1456 [ref. 5845]). •A valid clade name -- (Near et al. 2011:594 [ref. 31507]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Poecilosoma Agassiz [L.] 1850:299 Neut. Etheostoma variatum Kirtland 1840. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Agassiz 1854:306 [ref. 69]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Poecilosoma Hübner 1819 in Lepidoptera and Poecilosoma Newmann 1838 in Coleoptera [not by Stephens 1829 in Hemiptera (nomen nudum)]; replaced by Poecilichthys Agassiz 1854. •In the synonymy of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, subgenus Etheostoma -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1455 [ref. 5845]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Pogostoma Rafinesque [C. S.] 1818:445 Neut. Pogostoma leucops Rafinesque 1818. Type by monotypy. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1820:54 (Feb.) [ref. 7305] and 1820:34 (Dec.) [ref. 3592]. Pogonostoma Agassiz 1846: 301 [ref. 64] is an unjustified emendation. Based on a drawing by Audubon, apparently mythical; see Markle 1997:445 [ref. 23370]. •Apparently mythical. Current status: Uncertain. Percidae.

Pomacampsis (subgenus of Perca) Rafinesque [C. S.] 1820:371 Masc. Perca nigropunctata Rafinesque 1820. Type by monotypy. Also in Rafinesque 1820:23 (Dec.) [ref. 3592]. Apparently mythical, description not agreeing with any genus in area, species a nomen dubium. Current status: Uncertain. Percidae.

Psychromaster Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1896:1099 Masc. Etheostoma (Etheostoma) tuscumbia Gilbert & Swain 1887. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Misspelled Psychomaster in Zoological Record for 1896. •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subgenus Psychromaster -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1456 [ref. 5845], Page 1981:30 [ref. 3347], Page 1983:58 [ref. 22189], Bailey & Etnier 1988:25 [ref. 6873]). •A valid clade name -- (Near et al. 2011:595 [ref. 31507]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Rafinesquiellus (subgenus of Etheostoma) Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1896:1066, 1068, 1082 Masc. Aplesion pottsii Girard 1859. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1456 [ref. 5845]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Rheocrypta Jordan [D. S.] 1877:9 Fem. Rheocrypta copelandi Jordan 1877. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842, subgenus Cottogaster Putnam 1863 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1455 [ref. 5845]). Current status: Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Rhothoeca (subgenus of Etheostoma) Jordan [D. S.] 1885:868 [80] Fem. Poecilichthys zonalis Cope 1868. Type by being a replacement name. On page 80 of separate. Unneeded replacement for Nanostoma Putnam 1877, not preoccupied by Nannostomus Günther 1872. •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1456 [ref. 5845]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Richia Coker [R. E.] 1926:106 Fem. Richia brevispina Coker 1926. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Richia Grote 1887 in Lepidoptera, replaced by Richiella Coker 1926 in errata on p. iv and again later by Coker 1927:18 [ref. 882]. •In the synonymy of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, subgenus Catonotus Agassiz 1854 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1456 [ref. 5845], Braasch & Mayden 1985:3 [ref. 6874]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Richiella Coker [R. E.] 1927:iv [errata] Fem. Richia brevispina Coker 1926. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Richia Coker 1926, preoccupied by Richia Grote 1887 in Lepidoptera. The name appeared first in the errata (p. iv) in the original publication and also appeared again in Coker 1927:18 [ref. 882]. •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, subgenus Catonotus Agassiz 1854 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1457 [ref. 5845], Braasch & Mayden 1985:3 [ref. 6874]). •A valid clade name -- (Near et al. 2011:595 [ref. 31507]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Romanichthys Dumitrescu [M.], Bănărescu [P. M.] & Stoica [N.] 1957:225 Masc. Romanichthys valsanicola Dumitrescu, Bănărescu & Stoica 1957. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Romanichthys Dumitrescu, Bănărescu & Stoica 1957 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1459 [ref. 5845], Perrin et al. 1993 [ref. 21012], Song et al. 1998:352 [ref. 23823], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:526 [ref. 29996], Bruner 2011:37 [ref. 32226]). Current status: Valid as Romanichthys Dumitrescu, Bănărescu & Stoica 1957. Percidae: Luciopercinae.

Sandat Cloquet [H.] 1829:97 Masc. Perca lucioperca Linnaeus 1758. Type apparently designated by Jordan 1917:122 [ref. 2407]. Not available, regarded as a vernacular name only. •Synonym of Stizostedion Rafinesque 1820 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1457 [ref. 5845]). •Synonym of Sander Oken 1817. Current status: Synonym of Sander Oken 1817. Percidae: Luciopercinae.

Sandat (subgenus of Perca) Bory de Saint-Vincent [J. B. G. M.] 1828:v. 15, p. 98 Masc. Perca lucioperca Linnaeus 1758. Appeared without species, type inferred from vernacular name. •Synonym of Sander Oken 1817. Current status: Synonym of Sander Oken 1817. Percidae: Luciopercinae.

Sander Oken [L.] (ex Cuvier) 1817:1182 =1782 Masc. Perca lucioperca of Bloch 1783 (= Perca lucioperca Linnaeus 1758). Type by monotypy. Based on "Les Sandres" of Cuvier 1816:294 [ref. 993] (see Gill 1903:966 [ref. 5768]). Cuvier gave the species as Perca Lucio perca Bl., but this is a typo for Perca lucioperca, not a trinomen but the way some species were presented in early literature. See comments on validity by Collette 1963:616 [ref. 6459] and Bruner 2021:[3] [ref. 38241] who consider Sander an Austrian or Latvian vernacular name; however, it is evidently a Latinization of the French vernacular name 'Les Sandres' according to Oken's typesetting (see Scharpf & Fricke 2021:2 [ref. 38735]). •Synonym of Stizostedion Rafinesque 1820 -- (Bruner 2021:[3] [ref. 38241]). •Valid as Sander Oken 1817 -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:54 [ref. 22798], Kottelat 1997:173 [ref. 22952], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:206 [ref. 28183], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:526 [ref. 29996], Scharpf 2008:40 [ref. 30399], Minckley & Marsh 2009:307 [ref. 31114], Smith et al. 2011:5 [ref. 31508], Parin et al. 2014:356 [ref. 33547], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:895 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:95 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:77 [ref. 36089], Scharpf & Fricke 2021:2 [ref. 38735]). Current status: Valid as Sander Oken 1817. Percidae: Luciopercinae.

Sandrus Stark [J.] 1828:465 Masc. Perca lucioperca Linnaeus 1758. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Jordan 1917:123 [ref. 2407]. •Synonym of Stizostedion Rafinesque 1820 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1457 [ref. 5845]). •Synonym of Sander Oken 1817. Current status: Synonym of Sander Oken 1817. Percidae: Luciopercinae.

Schilus Krynicki [J.] 1832:443 Masc. Schilus pallasii Krynicki 1832 (= Perca volgensis Pallas 1776). Type by monotypy (one valid species). Type designated by Jordan 1919:176 [ref. 2410]. •Synonym of Stizostedion Rafinesque 1820 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1457 [ref. 5845]). •Synonym of Sander Oken 1817. Current status: Synonym of Sander Oken 1817. Percidae: Luciopercinae.

Schilus Jarocki [F. P.] 1822:224 Masc. Perca lucioperca Linnaeus 1758. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Schilum is a misspelling. •Synonym of Stizostedion Rafinesque 1820 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1457 [ref. 5845]). •Synonym of Sander Oken 1817. Current status: Synonym of Sander Oken 1817. Percidae: Luciopercinae.

Schraitser Schaeffer [J. C.] 1761:38 Not described as a genus name, but a vernacular name without genus, based on Perca schraetser Linnaeus 1758 (see also comments on Schraitser ratisbonensium Schaeffer 1761). Regarded as not available, work judged as non-binominal as was Schaeffer 1760 [ref. 4989]. •In the synonymy of Gymnocephalus Bloch 1793 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1453 [ref. 5845]). Suppressed. Current status: Synonym of Gymnocephalus Bloch 1793. Percidae: Percinae.

Serraria Gilbert [C. H.] 1884:205 Fem. Hadropterus scierus Swain 1883. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842, subgenus Hadropterus Agassiz 1854 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1454 [ref. 5845]). Current status: Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Simoperca Near [T. J.] & Keck [B. P.] in Near, Bossu, Bradburd, Carlson, Harrington et al. 2011:594 Fem. Etheostoma etnieri Bouchard 1977. Type by original designation. Proposed as a new clade name. •In the synonymy of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Stigmacerca Near [T. J.] & Keck [B. P.] in Near, Bossu, Bradburd, Carlson, Harrington et al. 2011:595 Fem. Etheostoma squamiceps Jordan 1877. Type by original designation. Proposed as a new clade name. •In the synonymy of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Stizostedion (subgenus of Perca) Rafinesque [C. S.] 1820:371 Neut. Perca salmonea Rafinesque 1818. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Also in Rafinesque 1820:23 (Dec.) [ref. 3592]. Stizostethidium Agassiz 1846:353 [ref. 64] is an unjustified emendation. Spelled Stizostedium by Cope 1865:82, 85 [ref. 907], and Stizostethium by Jordan 1877:43 [ref. 2374]. See also comments under Sander. •Valid as Stizostedion Rafinesque 1820 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1457 [ref. 5845], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:768 [ref. 21581], Wood & Mayden 1997:265 [ref. 22822], Popova 1998:119 [ref. 23588], Song et al. 1998:352 [ref. 23823], Parin 2003:S4 [ref. 28536], Bruner 2011:37 [ref. 32226], Bruner 2021:[3] [ref. 38241]). •Synonym of Sander Oken 1817 -- (Kottelat 1997:173 [ref. 22952], Scharpf & Fricke 2021:2 [ref. 38735]). Current status: Synonym of Sander Oken 1817. Percidae: Luciopercinae.

Swainia (subgenus of Hypohomus) Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1896:1039, 1040 Fem. Etheostoma (Hadropterus) squamatus Gilbert & Swain 1887. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842, but a valid subgenus Swainia as described -- (Page 1974:83 [ref. 3346], Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1454 [ref. 5845], Page 1983:33 [ref. 22189]). •Valid as a clade name -- (Near et al. 2011:592 [ref. 31507]) Current status: Synonym of Percina Haldeman 1842. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Torrentaria (subgenus of Etheostoma) Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1896:1066, 1068, 1080 Fem. Etheostoma australe Jordan 1889. Type by original designation. Reportedly preoccupied by Torrentaria Hodgson in Gray 1863 in Aves (under current rules Gray's name is probably invalid), replaced by Austroperca Hubbs 1936 but this name probably not needed. •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, subgenus Austroperca Hubbs 1936 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1456 [ref. 5845]). •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819; subgenus Oligocephalus Girard 1859 -- (Bailey & Etnier 1988:25 [ref. 6873]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Ulocentra Jordan [D. S.] 1878:218, 223 Fem. Arlina atripinnis Jordan 1877. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subgenus Ulocentra -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1456 [ref. 5845], Bailey & Etnier 1988:16 [ref. 6873], Etnier & Bailey 1989:1 [ref. 20134], Suttkus & Bailey 1993:1 [ref. 20905], Suttkus et al. 1994:97 [ref. 21393], Bauer et al. 1995:1 [ref. 22529], Powers & Mayden 2003:576 [ref. 27129], Powers & Mayden 2007:5 [ref. 29367], Powers & Warren 2009:523 [ref. 30383]). •A valid clade name -- (Near et al. 2011:594 [ref. 31507]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Vaillantia Jordan [D. S.] in Jordan & Brayton 1878:89 Fem. Boleosoma camurum Forbes 1878. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subgenus Vaillantia -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1456 [ref. 5845], Page 1981:35 [ref. 3347], Page 1983:92 [ref. 22189], Bailey & Etnier 1988:23 [ref. 6873]). •A valid clade name -- (Near et al. 2011:594 [ref. 31507]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Vexillapinna Keck [B. P.] & Near [T. J.] in Near, Bossu, Bradburd, Carlson, Harrington et al. 2011:593 Fem. Boleichthys whipplii Girard 1859. Type by original designation. Proposed as a new clade name. •In the synonymy of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Vigil Jordan [D. S.] 1919:344 Masc. Pleurolepis pellucidus Putnam 1863. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Pleurolepis Putnam (ex Agassiz) 1863, preoccupied by Pleurolepis Quenstedt 1862 in fossil fishes. •Synonym of Ammocrypta Jordan 1877. Current status: Synonym of Ammocrypta Jordan 1877. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Villora Hubbs [C. L.] & Cannon [M. D.] 1935:11 Fem. Villora edwini Hubbs & Cannon 1935. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819, but a valid subgenus Villora -- (Collette & Yerger 1962 [ref. 21903], Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1456 [ref. 5845], Page 1981:37 [ref. 3347], Bailey & Etnier 1988:27 [ref. 6873]). Current status: Synonym of Etheostoma Rafinesque 1819. Percidae: Etheostomatinae.

Zingel Cloquet [H.] 1817:240 (v. 4) Masc. Perca zingel Linnaeus 1766. Type by absolute tautonymy. Also appeared in Oken (Cuvier) 1817:1782 [=1182] [ref. 3303] (see Gill 1903:966 [ref. 5768]) and in Jarocki 1822:223 [ref. 4984]. Based on "Les Cingels" of Cuvier 1816:296 [ref. 993]. •Valid as Zingel Cloquet 1817 -- (Collette & Bănărescu 1977:1459 [ref. 5845], Song et al. 1998:352 [ref. 23823], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:526 [ref. 29996], Bruner 2011:37 [ref. 32226]). Current status: Valid as Zingel Cloquet 1817. Percidae: Luciopercinae.


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