Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Grammonus: [ 15 ] records


ater, Oligopus Risso [A.] 1810:142, Pl. 11 (fig. 41) [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Gulf of Saint-Hospice, Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Valid as Oligopus ater Risso 1810 -- (Nielsen 1973:552 [ref. 6885], Cohen & Nielsen 1978:49 [ref. 881], Nielsen in Whitehead et al. 1986:1152 [ref. 13677], Arruda 1997:109 [ref. 24952]) but see generic account of Oligopus and Grammonus, Lipej & Dulčić 2010:32 [ref. 36649]. •Valid as Grammonus ater (Risso 1810) -- (Nielsen & Cohen in Nielsen et al. 1999:104 [ref. 24448], Nielsen & Cohen 2004:85 [ref. 28073], Nielsen 2007:375 [ref. 29358], Randall & Hughes 2008:143 [ref. 29910], Nielsen & Prokofiev 2010:189 [ref. 30790], Møller et al. 2016:Appendix A [ref. 34432] in Bythitidae, Nielsen 2016:1954 [ref. 34583], Carneiro et al. 2019:161 [ref. 37250], Kovačić et al. 2020:20 [ref. 37519], Iglésias et al. 2021:171 [ref. 38818], Kovačić et al. 2021:32 [ref. 39014], Ragkousis et al. 2021:11 [ref. 38358], Borg et al. 2022:218 [ref. 39630]). Current status: Valid as Grammonus ater (Risso 1810). Bythitidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea endemic. Habitat: marine.

claudei, Benthocometes Torre y Huerta [C. de la] 1930:170, Fig. opp. p. 170 [Revista de la Societad Geográfica de Cuba. v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 17926] Uvero Alto, Matanzas Bay, Cuba, depth 600 meters. Holotype (unique): MCZ 33943. Type catalog: Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:10 [ref. 35177]. Type described and figured in Howell Rivero 1934:70-72, Pl. 7 [ref. 3766]. •Valid as Oligopus claudei (Torre y Huerta 1930) -- (Cohen & Nielsen 1978:49 [ref. 881], Robins & Ray 1986:97 [ref. 23100]). •Valid as Grammonus claudei (de la Torre y Huerta 1930) -- (Nielsen & Cohen in Nielsen et al. 1999:104 [ref. 24448], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:155 [ref. 25013], Nielsen 2003:974 [ref. 27009], Smith et al. 2003:12 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:92 [ref. 27807], Nielsen & Cohen 2004:85 [ref. 28073] with author as Torre and Huerta, Garrido-Linares & Acero P. 2006:289 [ref. 28946], Nielsen 2007:375 [ref. 29358], Nielsen & Prokofiev 2010:192 [ref. 30790], Page et al. 2013:95 [ref. 32708], Møller et al. 2016:Appendix A [ref. 34432] in Bythitidae, Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:10 [ref. 35177]). Current status: Valid as Grammonus claudei (Torre y Huerta 1930). Bythitidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

diagrammus, Eutyx Heller [E.] & Snodgrass [R. E.] 1903:224, Pl. 19 [Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 5; ref. 2089] Tagus Cove, Isabela Island [Albemarle Island], Galápagos Islands, depth about 3 fathoms. Holotype: CAS-SU 6346. Paratypes: CAS-SU 7059 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:101 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Oligopus diagrammus (Heller & Snodgrass 1903) -- (Cohen & Nielsen 1978:49 [ref. 881], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:103 [ref. 9277], Allen & Robertson 1994:77 [ref. 22193], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:222 [ref. 24023], Richards & Engle 2001:181 [ref. 25759]). •Valid as Grammonus diagrammus (Heller & Snodgrass 1903) -- (Nielsen & Cohen in Nielsen et al. 1999:104 [ref. 24448], Thomson et al. 2000:53 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:92 [ref. 27807], Nielsen & Cohen 2004:85 [ref. 28073], Love et al. 2005:52 [ref. 37547], Castellanos-Galindo et al. 2006:199 [ref. 28944], Nielsen 2007:375 [ref. 29358], Nielsen & Prokofiev 2010:192 [ref. 30790], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:190 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:95 [ref. 32708], Møller et al. 2016:Appendix A [ref. 34432] in Bythitidae, Fourriére et al. 2016:442 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:607 [ref. 34923], Love et al. 2021:84 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Grammonus diagrammus (Heller & Snodgrass 1903). Bythitidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southern Califoria (U.S.A.) south to Ecuador, including Gulf of California (Mexico), Revillagigedo Islands (Mexico) and Galapagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

longhursti, Oligopus Cohen [D. M.] 1964:8, Pl. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 116 (no. 3494); ref. 6891] Off Lagos, Nigeria, depth 5-10 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 187778. Paratypes: USNM 187779 (1), 191732 (2), 193678 (1). •Valid as Oligopus longhursti Cohen 1964 -- (Cohen & Nielsen 1978:49 [ref. 881], Nielsen 1990:575 [ref. 16246]). •Valid as Grammonus longhursti (Cohen 1964) -- (Nielsen & Cohen in Nielsen et al. 1999:104 [ref. 24448], Nielsen & Cohen 2004:85 [ref. 28073], Nielsen 2007:375 [ref. 29358], Wirtz et al. 2007:26 [ref. 30263], Randall & Hughes 2008:143 [ref. 29910], Nielsen & Prokofiev 2010:192 [ref. 30790], Wirtz et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32972], Møller et al. 2016:Appendix A [ref. 34432] in Bythitidae, Nielsen 2016:1954 [ref. 34583], Reiner 2019:112 [ref. 38139], Fermon et al. 2022:208 [ref. 39448] possible). Current status: Valid as Grammonus longhursti (Cohen 1964). Bythitidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Ivory Coast to Equaorial Guinea, including Canary Islands, Cape Verde Islands, and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

minutus, Grammonus Nielsen [J. G.] & Prokofiev [A. M.] 2010:189, Figs. 1-3 [Ichthyological Research v. 57 (no. 2); ref. 30790] South China Sea, off Bay of Van Phong, central Vietnam, 12°40.0'N, 109°30.4'E, depth 97-119 meters. Holotype: ZMUC P771642. Paratypes: ZMUC P771643 (1). •Valid as Grammonus minutus Nielsen & Prokofiev 2010 -- (Møller et al. 2016:Appendix A [ref. 34432] in Bythitidae). Current status: Valid as Grammonus minutus Nielsen & Prokofiev 2010. Bythitidae. Distribution: South China Sea, off Vietnam. Habitat: marine.

mowbrayi, Grammonus Grey [M.] 1951:154, Fig. 1 [Copeia 1951 (no. 2); ref. 12892] Off Bermuda. Holotype: FMNH 49185. Paratypes: FMNH 50000 (4). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:42 [ref. 12367]. Author sometimes seen as Torre. •Synonym of Oligopus claudei Torre y Huerta 1930 -- (Cohen & Nielsen 1978:49 [ref. 881]). •Synonym of Grammonus claudei (Torre y Huerta 1930) -- (Nielsen & Cohen in Nielsen et al. 1999:104 [ref. 24448], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:155 [ref. 25013], Faloh-Gandarilla et al. 2016:10 [ref. 35177]). Current status: Synonym of Grammonus claudei (Torre y Huerta 1930). Bythitidae. Habitat: marine.

nagaredai, Grammonus Randall [J. E.] & Hughes [M. J.] 2008:139, Figs. 1-5 [Pacific Science v. 63 (no. 1) [for 2009]; ref. 29910] Cave in 6 m, Wai'anae coast, off Kea'au Beach Park, O'ahu, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype: BPBM 40668. Paratypes: USNM 391918 (1). •Valid as Grammonus nagaredai Randall & Hughes 2008 -- (Nielsen & Prokofiev 2010:192 [ref. 30790], Møller et al. 2016:Appendix A [ref. 34432] in Bythitidae). Current status: Valid as Grammonus nagaredai Randall & Hughes 2008. Bythitidae. Distribution: O'ahu, Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

niger, Oligopus Risso [A.] 1827:338 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Appeared first as "l'Oligopode noir" of Risso in Cuvier 1816. •Synonym of Oligopus ater Risso 1810 -- (Cohen & Nielsen 1978:49 [ref. 881], Nielsen in Whitehead et al. 1986:1156 [ref. 13677]). •Synonym of Grammonus ater (Risso 1810) -- (Nielsen & Cohen in Nielsen et al. 1999:104 [ref. 24448]). Current status: Synonym of Grammonus ater (Risso 1810). Bythitidae. Habitat: marine.

nigra, Microbrotula Gosline [W. A.] 1953:220 [Copeia 1953 (no. 4); ref. 1859] Off Waikiki reef, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands, depth about 30 feet. Holotype (unique): USNM 179898 [ex UH 1684]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Oligopus niger Risso 1827 when both are in Oligopus, replaced by Oligopus waikiki Cohen 1964. •Synonym of Oligopus waikiki Cohen 1964 -- (Cohen & Nielsen 1978:49 [ref. 881]). •Synonym of Grammonus waikiki (Cohen 1964) -- (Nielsen & Cohen in Nielsen et al. 1999:104 [ref. 24448], Mundy 2005:247 [ref. 28379], Randall & Hughes 2008:137 [ref. 29910]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Grammonus waikiki (Cohen 1964). Bythitidae. Habitat: marine.

nigrita, Coryphaena (Leptopodus) Goldfuss [G. A.] 1820:68 [Handbuch der Zoologie 2 parts; ref. 1829] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Grammonus ater (Risso 1810). Current status: Synonym of Grammonus ater (Risso 1810). Bythitidae. Habitat: marine.

opisthodon, Grammonus Smith [J. L. B.] 1934:92, Pl. 6 (fig. B) [Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa v. 22 (pt 1); ref. 4064] Port Alfred, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 297. •Valid as Grammonoides opisthodon (Smith 1934) -- (Cohen & Nielsen 1978:48 [ref. 881], Cohen 1986:356 [ref. 5646]). •Not treated in Grammonus -- (Nielsen & Prokofiev 2010 [ref. 30790]). •Valid as Grammonus opisthodon Smith 1934 -- (Nielsen & Cohen in Nielsen et al. 1999:104 [ref. 24448], Møller et al. 2016:Appendix A [ref. 34432] in Bythitidae, Anderson & Cohen 2022:264 [ref. 39707]). Current status: Valid as Grammonus opisthodon Smith 1934. Bythitidae. Distribution: Southeastern Atlantic, southwestern Indian Ocean: Camps Bay south to Cape of Good Hope (South Africa), then east to Port Alfred (Eastern Cape, South Africa). Habitat: marine.

robustus, Grammonus Smith [H. M.] & Radcliffe [L.] in Radcliffe 1913:168, Pl. 13 (fig. 4) [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 44 (no. 1948); ref. 3579] Between Cebu and Leyte, 10°38'00"N, 124°13'08"E, Philippines, Albatross station 5409, depth 189 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 74149. •Valid as Oligopus robustus (Smith & Radcliffe 1913) -- (Cohen & Nielsen 1978:49 [ref. 881], Machida in Masuda et al. 1984:101 [ref. 6441], Uiblein et al. 1994:18 [ref. 21798], Klausewitz & Uiblein 1994:21 [ref. 22366], Klausewitz 1994:465 [ref. 23564], Nielsen 1999:1984 [ref. 24753], Nakabo 2000:449 [ref. 25086], Shinohara et al. 2001:308 [ref. 25995], Nakabo 2002:449 [ref. 26001], Shinohara et al. 2005:414 [ref. 28370]). •Valid as Grammonus robustus Smith & Radcliffe 1913 -- (Nielsen & Cohen in Nielsen et al. 1999:104 [ref. 24448], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S99 [ref. 27377], Nielsen & Cohen 2004:85 [ref. 28073], Nielsen 2007:375 [ref. 29358], Randall & Hughes 2008:143 [ref. 29910], Nielsen & Prokofiev 2010:192 [ref. 30790], Møller et al. 2016:Appendix A [ref. 34432], Golani & Fricke 2018:40 [ref. 36273], Kim et al. 2020:73 [ref. 39118], Anderson & Cohen 2022:265 [ref. 39707]). Current status: Valid as Grammonus robustus Smith & Radcliffe 1913. Bythitidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: South Africa east to Philippines, north to southern Korea and southern Japan. Habitat: marine.

thielei, Grammonus Nielsen [J. G.] & Cohen [D. M.] 2004:83, Figs. 1-3 [The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory v. 20; ref. 28073] 35 meters inside a limestone cave in Tomia Island, off southeastern Sulawesi, Indonesia, depth about 25 meters. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P771359. •Valid as Grammonus thielei Nielsen & Cohen 2004 -- (Nielsen 2007:375 [ref. 29358], Randall & Hughes 2008:143 [ref. 29910], Nielsen & Prokofiev 2010:192 [ref. 30790], Møller et al. 2016:Appendix A [ref. 34432] in Bythitidae). Current status: Valid as Grammonus thielei Nielsen & Cohen 2004. Bythitidae. Distribution: Sulawesi, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

waikiki, Oligopus Cohen [D. M.] 1964:11 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 116 (no. 3494); ref. 6891] Off Waikiki reef, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 179898. Replacement name for Microbrotula nigra Gosline 1953, secondarily preoccupied by Oligopus niger Risso when both are in Oligopus. •Valid as Oligopus waikiki Cohen 1964 -- (Cohen & Nielsen 1978:49 [ref. 881]). •Valid as Grammonus waikiki (Cohen 1964) -- (Nielsen & Cohen in Nielsen et al. 1999:104 [ref. 24448], Nielsen & Cohen 2004:85 [ref. 28073], Mundy 2005:247 [ref. 28379], Nielsen 2007:375 [ref. 29358], Randall 2007:119 [ref. 30952], Randall & Hughes 2008:137 [ref. 29910], Nielsen & Prokofiev 2010:192 [ref. 30790], Møller et al. 2016:Appendix A [ref. 34432] in Bythitidae). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Grammonus waikiki (Cohen 1964). Bythitidae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

yunokawai, Grammonus Nielsen [J. G.] 2007:374, Figs. 1-4, 5A [Ichthyological Research v. 54; ref. 29358] Cave in 20 meters depth, at diving point Ohaba No. 1, northeast coast of Ie-shima Island, Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands. Holotype (unique): KPM-NI 5258. •Valid as Grammonus yunokawai Nielsen 2007 -- (Randall & Hughes 2008:143 [ref. 29910], Nielsen & Prokofiev 2010:192 [ref. 30790], Møller et al. 2016:Appendix A [ref. 34432] in Bythitidae). Current status: Valid as Grammonus yunokawai Nielsen 2007. Bythitidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific: Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Habitat: marine.


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