Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 8 September 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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niger, Xenodon (Balistes) Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1836:[53], Pl. 14 (fig. 3) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 5232 (dry). Possible paralectotype: NRM 35986 (1). Dates to publication of Pl. 14 in 1836, p. 53 in 1837. Lectotype selected by Fricke 1999:581 [ref. 24106]. •Valid as Odonus niger (Rüppell 1836) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:348 [ref. 19756], Dor 1984:276 [ref. 29757], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:358 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:879 [ref. 5714], Winterbottom et al. 1989:68 [ref. 13251], Goren & Dor 1994:73 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:393 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:611 [ref. 27969], Lindberg et al. 1997:57 [ref. 23547], Allen 1997:240 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:388 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:454 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:282 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:580 [ref. 24106], Allen 2000:94 [ref. 37268], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:647 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1396 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:455 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:22 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:47 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3925 [ref. 26315] dated 1835, Nakabo 2002:1396 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:64 [ref. 26830] dated 1837, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S123 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:649 [ref. 27495] dated 1837, Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:220 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:31 [ref. 27624] dated 1837, Randall 2005:624 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1873 [ref. 29098], Fricke et al. 2009:116 [ref. 30213], Matsuura 2009:327 [ref. 31171], Motomura et al. 2010:233 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1063 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:272 [ref. 32706], Matsuura 2014:7 [ref. 33576], Fricke et al. 2014:193 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988] dated 1829, Psomadakis et al. 2015:333 [ref. 34104], Koeda et al. 2016:110 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:18 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:377 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:177 [ref. 36273], Jawad et al. 2018:122 [ref. 36262], Fricke et al. 2019:322 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:101 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:608 [ref. 37272], Ray & Mohapatra 2020:105 [ref. 37299]). Current status: Valid as Odonus niger (Rüppell 1836). Balistidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Marquesas Islands and Society Islands, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to southern Great Barrier Reef (Queensland, Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Habitat: marine.