Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 7 July 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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gracilis, Centriscus Lowe [R. T.] 1839:86 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1839 (pt 7); ref. 2829] Madeira, eastern Atlantic. Holotype: probably lost. •Synonym of Macroramphosus scolopax (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Ehrich in Whitehead et al. 1986:627 [ref. 13676], Heemstra 1986:460 [ref. 5660], Fritzsche 1990:656 [ref. 17532], Fritzsche 2003:1229 [ref. 27045], Kuiter 2009:308 [ref. 30404]). •Valid as Macroramphosus gracilis (Lowe 1839) [sometimes as Macrorhamphosus] -- (Mohr 1937:33 [ref. 15290], Wheeler 1973:273 [ref. 7190], Brethes 1979 [ref. 13850], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:128 [ref. 9277], Robins & Ray 1986:122 [ref. 23100], Ehrich in Whitehead et al. 1986:627 [ref. 13676], Paxton et al. 1989:408 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:55 [ref. 14125], Assis 1992:5 [ref. 22786], Boschung 1992:93 [ref. 23239], Assis 1993:399 [ref. 22787], Gomon et al. 1994:438 [ref. 22532], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:1042 [ref. 23897], Uiblein et al. 1999:64 [ref. 24045], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:194 [ref. 25013], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:176 [ref. 26753], Matthiessen et al. 2003:63 [ref. 26790], Nelson et al. 2004:112 [ref. 27807], Miyazaki et al. 2004:256 [ref. 28044], Mundy 2005:322 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:853 [ref. 28994], Bilecenoğlu 2006:58 [ref. 28825], Fricke et al. 2007:75 [ref. 29533], Dyer & Westneat 2010:602 [ref. 31446], Page et al. 2013:115 [ref. 32708], Nión et al. 2016:44 [ref. 35565] as Macrorhamphosus, Fricke et al. 2018:128 [ref. 35805], Carneiro et al. 2019:174 [ref. 37250]). Current status: Valid as Macroramphosus gracilis (Lowe 1839). Centriscidae: Macroramphosinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas. Habitat: marine.