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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Notopteridae: [ 23 ] records


afer, Notopterus Günther [A.] 1868:480 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Sierra Leone. Syntypes: (at least 6) BMNH 1861.5.21.1 (1) Niger, 1863.7.30.6 (1) Niger, 1864.4.6.7 (1, dry) Niger, 1864.6.29.3 (1, dry) West Africa, 1866.1.28.1-2 (2). •Valid as Papyrocranus afer (Günther 1868) -- (Daget 1984:61 [ref. 6170], Lévêque et al. 1989:114 [ref. 26480], Paugy et al. 1990:336 [ref. 26477], Bigorne in Lévêque et al. 1990:119 [ref. 21589], Roberts 1992:375 [ref. 20012], Poll & Gosse 1995:81 [ref. 24781], Dankwa et al. 1999:13 [ref. 28023], Hopkins 2007:217 [ref. 30018], Pezold et al. 2016:103 [ref. 34870]). Current status: Valid as Papyrocranus afer (Günther 1868). Notopteridae: Xenomystinae. Distribution: West-central Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

badgee, Mystus Sykes [W. H.] 1839:165 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1838 (pt 6) (for 27 Nov. 1838); ref. 18720] Mola Mola River at Poona [Poma] and Beema River at Seedataik, Deccan, India. No types known. Appeared first as above, then in Sykes 1839:62 [ref. 4306]; more complete treatment in Sykes 1841:376, Pl. 67 (fig. 2) [ref. 18868]. •Synonym of Notopterus notopterus (Pallas 1769) -- (Roberts 1992:364 [ref. 20012], Kottelat 2013:32 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Notopterus synurus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Current status: Synonym of Notopterus synurus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Notopteridae: Notopterinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

blanci, Notopterus d'Aubenton [F.] 1965:261, Fig. 1 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 37 (no. 2); ref. 9269] Beng-Cha, upper Mekong River, northern Cambodia. Holotype: MNHN 1965-0280. Paratypes: MNHN 1965-0281 to 0284 (1, 1, 1, 1). •Valid as Chitala blanci (d'Aubenton 1965) -- (Roberts 1992:369 [ref. 20012], Rainboth 1996:55 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 1998:20 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2001:25 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:31 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:40 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Chitala blanci (d'Aubenton 1965). Notopteridae: Notopterinae. Distribution: Mekong basin and Xe Bangfai. Habitat: freshwater.

bontianus, Notopterus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:147, Pl. 613 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Irrawaddy River, Myanmar; Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3613 to 0000-3615 (3) Irrawaddi, 0000-3616 (1) Java. Type catalog: Bertin 1940:273 [ref. 293]. Type information: Roberts 1993:14 [ref. 21799]. •Synonym of Notopterus notopterus (Pallas 1769) -- (Roberts 1992:364 [ref. 20012], Roberts 1993:14-15 [ref. 21799], Kottelat 2013:32 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Notopterus notopterus (Pallas 1769). Notopteridae: Notopterinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

borneensis, Notopterus Bleeker [P.] 1851:437 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 16897] Sambas, western Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.11.28.2. Bleeker specimens: NMV 46385 (1). •Valid as Notopterus borneensis Bleeker 1851 -- (Roberts 1989:24 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Chitala lopis (Bleeker 1851) -- (Roberts 1992:370 [ref. 20012], Kottelat & Lim 1995:228 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:56 [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Chitala borneensis (Bleeker 1851) -- (Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:146 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:178 [ref. 28285], Kottelat 2013:31 [ref. 32989], Sulaiman et al. 2018:26 [ref. 35802]). Current status: Valid as Chitala borneensis (Bleeker 1851). Notopteridae: Notopterinae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

buchanani, Notopterus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:148 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Unneeded new name for Mystus chitala Hamilton 1822. •Synonym of Chitala chitala (Hamilton 1822) -- (Roberts 1992:367 [ref. 20012], Kottelat 2013:31 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Chitala chitala (Hamilton 1822). Notopteridae: Notopterinae. Habitat: freshwater.

chitala, Mystus Hamilton [F.] 1822:236, 382 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Bengal and Bebar rivers, India. No types known. Hamilton's original, unpublished illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 134 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Notopterus chitala (Hamilton 1822) -- (Vu & Nguyen 1997:26 [ref. 26438], Chen 2002:289 [ref. 26587]). •Valid as Chitala chitala (Hamilton 1822) -- (Mirza 2003:2 [ref. 27265], Ataur Rahman 2003:260 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:50[ref. 29923], Kottelat 2013:31 [ref. 32989], Bleher 2018:66 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Chitala chitala (Hamilton 1822). Notopteridae: Notopterinae. Distribution: Asia: Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Indonesia, Malaya, Pakistan and Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

congoensis, Notopterus afer Nichols [J. T.] & LaMonte [F. R.] 1932:2, Fig. 1 [American Museum Novitates No. 515; ref. 16384] Lower Congo River at Lukolela, about 500 miles from the Congo River mouth, Africa. Holotype (unique): AMNH 9697. •Synonym of Papyrocranus afer (Günther 1868) -- (Daget 1984:61 [ref. 6170]). •Valid as Papyrocranus congoensis (Nichols & LaMonte 1932) -- (Roberts 1992:378 [ref. 20012], Hopkins 2007:217 [ref. 30018]). Current status: Valid as Papyrocranus congoensis (Nichols & LaMonte 1932). Notopteridae: Xenomystinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Congo River basin. Habitat: freshwater.

hypselonotus, Notopterus Bleeker [P.] 1852:27 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 24 (art. 7); ref. 16907] Mussi River, Palembang, southeastern Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ?BMNH 1867.11.28.3. Also appeared in Bleeker 1852:604 [ref. 334], earliest not established. •Synonym of Chitala lopis (Bleeker 1852) -- (Roberts 1992:370 [ref. 20012]). •Valid as Chitala hypselonotus (Bleeker 1852) -- (Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:146-147 [ref. 28284], Kottelat 2013:32 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Chitala hypselonotus (Bleeker 1852). Notopteridae: Notopterinae. Distribution: Java. Habitat: freshwater.

imberbis, Glanis Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:135 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] East Indies. No types known. •Questionably a synonym of Notopterus notopterus (Pallas 1769) -- (Kottelat 2013:32 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Notopterus notopterus (Pallas 1769). Notopteridae: Notopterinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

kapirat, Notopterus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:189, 190 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. No types known. Unnecessary replacement name for Gymnotus notopterus Pallas 1769. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:402 (v. 5) [ref. 30473]. •Synonym of Notopterus notopterus (Pallas 1769) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:64 [ref. 20764], Roberts 1992:363 [ref. 20012], Menon 1999:9 [ref. 24904], Ataur Rahman 2003:262 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2013:32 [ref. 32989], Fuke et al. 2021:[3] [ref. 38221]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Notopterus notopterus (Pallas 1769). Notopteridae: Notopterinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

karipat, Mystus Gray [J. E.] 1831:no page number, Pl. 91 (fig. 2) [Illustrations of Indian zoology; ref. 1878] India. Notopteridae: Notopterinae.

lopis, Notopterus Bleeker [P.] 1851:422 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 16891] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes and/or Bleeker specimens: ?BMNH 1867.22.28.5 (1), ?MNHN 0000-3609 (1), SMNS 10620 (1 syntype). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:272 [ref. 293], Fricke 1991:18 [ref. 13474], Fricke 2005:50 [ref. 29864]. Appeared first apparently without distinguishing features [not translated] in Bleeker 1845:510 [ref. 312] and spelled lopies; appeared in Bleeker 1850:12 [ref. 16883] without distinguishing features and spelled lopis. Probably dates to 1851 as above and spelled lopis. •Valid as Chitala lopis (Bleeker 1851) -- (Roberts 1992:370 [ref. 20012], Roberts 1993:14 [ref. 21799], Kottelat et al. 1993:4 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:56 [ref. 22772], Ng & Tan 1999:352 [ref. 24159], Kottelat 2001:26 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:33 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:519 [ref. 36606] as aff. lopis). Current status: Valid as Chitala lopis (Bleeker 1851). Notopteridae: Notopterinae. Distribution: Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

lucani, Xenomystus Rochebrune [A. T. de] 1885:99 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 9; ref. 3791] Congo River; Mellacordée River; Casamance River, western Africa. Syntypes: Museo Bouvieri. Notopteridae: Xenomystinae.

maculatus, Notopterus Valenciennes [A.] 1832:396, Pl. 5 (fig. 2) [Voyage aux Indes-Orientales; ref. 12986] Bengal. Lectotype: MNHN B-2193. •Synonym of Chitala chitala (Hamilton 1822) -- (Roberts 1992:367 [ref. 20012], Kottelat 2013:31 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Chitala chitala (Hamilton 1822). Notopteridae: Notopterinae. Habitat: freshwater.

maculosus, Notopterus Bleeker [P.] 1851:438 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 16897] Sambas, western Borneo, Indonesia. BMNH 1867.11.28.6. A simultaneous subjective synonym of Notopterus borneensis; first reviser is Bleeker (1851:437 [ref. 16897]), who selected borneensis. •Synonym of Chitala lopis (Bleeker 1851) -- (Roberts 1992:370 [ref. 20012]). •Synonym of Chitala borneensis (Bleeker 1851) -- (Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:147 [ref. 28284], Kottelat 2013:31 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Chitala borneensis (Bleeker 1851). Notopteridae: Notopterinae. Habitat: freshwater.

nigri, Notopterus Günther [A.] 1868:481 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Niger River. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1852.2.22.18. •Valid as Xenomystus nigri (Günther 1868) -- (Daget 1984:62 [ref. 6170], Paugy & Bénech 1989:299 [ref. 26478], Paugy et al. 1990:336 [ref. 26477], Bigorne in Lévêque et al. 1990:121 [ref. 21589], Roberts 1992:379 [ref. 20012], Poll & Gosse 1995:81 [ref. 24781], Hopkins 2007:215 [ref. 30018]). Current status: Valid as Xenomystus nigri (Günther 1868). Notopteridae: Xenomystinae. Distribution: Western Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

nili, Notopterus (Xenomystus) Steindachner [F.] 1881:196 [18], Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 83 (1. Abth.); ref. 4231] Bahr-el-Seraf and Bahr-el-Gebel, Nile system, Sudan. Syntypes: MSNG 17590 (2); NMW 70402-05 (2, 2, 2, 3), 75794 (1, skeleton); SMF 816 [ex NMW] (1). On p. 18 of separate. •Synonym of Xenomystus nigri (Günther 1868) -- (Daget 1984:62 [ref. 6170], Roberts 1992:379 [ref. 20012]). Current status: Synonym of Xenomystus nigri (Günther 1868). Notopteridae: Xenomystinae. Habitat: freshwater.

notopterus, Gymnotus Pallas [P. S.] (ex Bontius & Renard) 1769:40, Pl. 6 (fig. 2) [Spicilegia Zoologica v. 1 (fasc. 7); ref. 20848] Ambon (Maluku, Indonesia) [erroneous, should be Java (Indonesia)]. No types known. Original spelling of name Gymnotvs notoptervs (historical typeset, equals Gymnotus notopterus). •Valid as Notopterus notopterus (Pallas 1769) -- (Mai 1978:15 [ref. 13511], Shrestha 1978:34 [ref. 15970], Ataur Rahman 1989:238 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:64 [ref. 20764], Roberts 1992:363 [ref. 20012], Singh & Yazdani 1993:198 [ref. 24022], Kottelat et al. 1993:4 [ref. 23448], Sen 1995:497 [ref. 23778], Zhu 1995:17 [ref. 25213], Rainboth 1996:56 [ref. 22772], Banik & Choudhury 1996:579 [ref. 24736], Vu & Nguyen 1997:26 [ref. 26438], Kottelat 1998:21 [ref. 23436], Ng & Tan 1999:352 [ref. 24159], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:148 [ref. 24759], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:165 [ref. 24760], Sen 1999:191 [ref. 24750], Rema Devi et al. 1999:152 [ref. 24758], Menon 1999:9 [ref. 24904], Freyhof et al. 2000:94 [ref. 25184], Rafique 2000:323 [ref. 25220], Mirza 2000:355 [ref. 25207], Karmakar 2000:26 [ref. 25662], Kottelat 2001:13 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2001:26 [ref. 25780], Chen 2002:287 [ref. 26587], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:49 [ref. 26359], Mirza 2003:2 [ref. 27265], Yadav 2003:6 [ref. 27711], Ataur Rahman 2003:262 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:51 [ref. 29923], Ahmed et al. 2013:285 [ref. 32872], Kottelat 2013:32 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:40 [ref. 33971], Suresh et al. 2018:51 [ref. 36495], Bleher 2018:68 [ref. 36647], Ng et al. 2019:519 [ref. 36606], Lavoué et al. 2020:451 [ref. 37625], Fuke et al. 2021:[3] [ref. 38221]). Current status: Valid as Notopterus notopterus (Pallas 1769). Notopteridae: Notopterinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: Laos, Myanmar, Indonesia, Malaya (Malaysia) and Thailand. South Asian populations from Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bangladesh now classified as Notopterus synurus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

ornatus, Notopterus Gray [J. E.] 1831:16 [Zoological Miscellany [No. 1]; ref. 18154] Indian Seas. No types known. For nomenclatural remarks see Roberts 1992:373-374 [ref. 20012]. •Synonym of Notopterus chitala (Hamilton 1822) -- (Chen 2002:289 [ref. 26587]). •Valid as Chitala ornata (Gray 1831) -- (Roberts 1992:373 [ref. 20012], Rainboth 1996:56 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 1998:21 [ref. 23436], Fuller et al. 1999:33 [ref. 25838], Kottelat 2001:26 [ref. 25780], Nelson et al. 2004:59 [ref. 27807], Scharpf 2005:8 [ref. 28940], Page & Burr 2011:145 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:59 [ref. 32708], Kottlet 2013:32 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:40 [ref. 33971], Robins et al. 2018:55 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Chitala ornata (Gray 1831). Notopteridae: Notopterinae. Distribution: Asia; introduced elsewhere, including Florida, U.S.A. Habitat: freshwater.

osmani, Notopterus Rahimullah [P. K.] & Das [A. G.] in Talwar & Jhingran 1991:64 [Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries v. 1-2; ref. 20764] Not available, name published in the synonymy of Notopterus notopterus. Reference is made to description in Rahimullah & Das 1936 [ref. 19749], but no new name is proposed therein. •Treated as a synonym of Notopterus notopterus with Rahimullah & Das as authors -- (Menon 1999:9 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Notopterus synurus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Notopterus synurus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Notopteridae: Notopterinae.

pallasii, Notopterus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848:130 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 21; ref. 1013] Indonesia: Ambon. No types known. Type catalog: Bertin 1940:272-273 [ref. 293]. Type information: Daget 1984:511 [ref. 23265]. Unnecessary replacement name for notopterus. •Synonym of Notopterus notopterus (Pallas 1769) -- (Roberts 1992:364 [ref. 20012], Kottelat 2013:32 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Notopterus notopterus (Pallas 1769). Notopteridae: Notopterinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

synura, Clupea Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:426 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Coast of Malabar, India and "China". Syntypes: ZMB 8806 (1, right skin) Malabar, 32057 (1, right skin) Malabar. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:106 [ref. 24282]. Name probably based on syn- (together) and [o]ura (tail), to be treated as an adjective. Composite species; name based in part on Gymnotus notopterus Pallas 1769 from Indonesia, in part on Tinca marina of Bontius in Piso 1658 [ref. 30353], and on syntype material from Tranquebar, India; restricted to Indian populations by Lavoué et al. 2020:451 [ref. 37625]. •Synonym of Notopterus notopterus (Pallas 1769) -- (Roberts 1992:364 [ref. 20012], Chen 2002:288 [ref. 26587] as synyira, Kottelat 2013:32 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Notopterus synurus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Lavoué et al. 2020:451 [ref. 37625]). Current status: Valid as Notopterus synurus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Notopteridae: Notopterinae. Distribution: South Asia: Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.