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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Malacoctenus: [ 33 ] records


africanus, Malacoctenus Cadenat [J.] 1951:271, Fig. 211 [Initiations Africaines. III. Poissons de mer du Sénégal; ref. 12676] Senegal. No types known. •Valid as Malacoctenus africanus Cadenat 1951 -- (Wirtz 1990:919 [ref. 19374], Patzner et al. 2009:463 [ref. 30396], Wirtz 2014:19 [ref. 33594], Williams & Springer in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2798 [ref. 34618], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2020:516 [ref. 37678]). Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus africanus Cadenat 1951. Labrisomidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

afuerae, Labrisomus Hildebrand [S. F.] 1946:400, Fig. 77 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 189; ref. 2161] Lobos de Afuera Island, Peru. Holotype: USNM 128213. Paratypes: USNM 128214 (2). Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:16 [ref. 22274]. The holotype also is the neotype of Blennius tetranemus Cope 1877. •Synonym of Malacoctenus tetranemus (Cope 1877) -- (Stephens & Springer 1974:10 [ref. 7149], Allen & Robertson 1994:233 [ref. 22193], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:255 [ref. 24555]). Current status: Synonym of Malacoctenus tetranemus (Cope 1877). Labrisomidae. Habitat: marine.

albipes, Labrisomus Fowler [H. W.] 1944:117, Fig. 244 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] Courtown Key, Caribbean Sea. Holotype (unique): ANSP 69994. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:60 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Malacoctenus gilli (Steindachner 1867). Current status: Synonym of Malacoctenus gilli (Steindachner 1867). Labrisomidae. Habitat: marine.

aurolineatus, Malacoctenus Smith [C. L.] 1957:2, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 585; ref. 12167] Mouth of the Condado Lagoon, San Juan, Puerto Rico. Holotype: UMMZ 171179. Paratypes: UMMZ 171162-63 (1, 1), 171185 (5), 171190 (1). •Valid as Malacoctenus aurolineatus Smith 1957 -- (Greenfield & Johnson 1981:24 [ref. 5580], Robins & Ray 1986:227 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1994:81 [ref. 24488], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:165 [ref. 27754], Williams 2003:1759 [ref. 27109], Smith et al. 2003:49 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:163 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:598 [ref. 28815], Patzner et al. 2009:463 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:169 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:67 [ref. 33341], Wirtz 2014:18 [ref. 33594], Robertson et al. 2016:147 [ref. 34961], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2020:516 [ref. 37678], Robertson et al. 2020:157 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus aurolineatus Smith 1957. Labrisomidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

biguttatus, Labrisomus Cope [E. D.] 1871:473 [Transactions of the American Philosophical Society (New Series) v. 14 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 920] New Providence Island, Bahamas. Syntypes: ANSP 10590 (1), plus 1 missing. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:60 [ref. 13621] with a holotype. •Synonym of Malacoctenus gilli (Steindachner 1867). Current status: Synonym of Malacoctenus gilli (Steindachner 1867). Labrisomidae. Habitat: marine.

bimaculatus, Clinus Steindachner [F.] 1876:228 [180] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 74 (1. Abth.); ref. 4225] Little rocky island north of Cuba, Florida Straits. Holotype (unique): NMW 77753. On p. 180 of separate. •Synonym of Malacoctenus gilli (Steindachner 1867) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:306 [ref. 25013]). Current status: Synonym of Malacoctenus gilli (Steindachner 1867). Labrisomidae. Habitat: marine.

boehlkei, Malacoctenus Springer [V. G.] 1959:443, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Publications of the Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Texas v. 5 (for Dec. 1958); ref. 10210] Northeast end of Rose Island, 25°07'55"N, 77°05'32"W, Bahamas, Caribbean Sea. Holotype: ANSP 74719. Paratypes: ANSP 74691 (1), 77931 (15), 77932-33 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:61 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Malacoctenus boehlkei Springer 1959 -- (Greenfield & Johnson 1981:25 [ref. 5580], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:165 [ref. 27754], Williams 2003:1759 [ref. 27109], Smith et al. 2003:49 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:163 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:463 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:169 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:67 [ref. 33341], Wirtz 2014:18 [ref. 33594], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2020:515 [ref. 37678], Robertson et al. 2020:157 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus boehlkei Springer 1959. Labrisomidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

brunoi, Malacoctenus Guimarães [R. Z. P.], Nunan [G. W.] & Gasparini [J. L.] 2010:51, Figs. 1-4 [Zootaxa No. 2567; ref. 30917] Tide pool, Enseada dos Portugueses, Trindade Island, off southeastern Brazil. Holotype: MNRJ 21978 [ex LBRP 5377]. Paratypes: CIUFEAS 1316 (3, c&s), 1317 (3); LBRM 4214 (1), 5377 (1), 5382 (10); MBML 594 (3); ZUEC 2652 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Malacoctenus brunoi Guimarães, Nunan & Gasparini 2010 -- (Wirtz 2014:19 [ref. 33594], Pinheiro et al. 2015:29 [ref. 34324], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2020:514 [ref. 37678]). Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus brunoi Guimarães, Nunan & Gasparini 2010. Labrisomidae. Distribution: Trindade Island and Martin-Vaz Archipelago, off southeastern Brazil. Habitat: marine.

carrowi, Malacoctenus Wirtz [P.] 2014:15, Fig. 1 (a-d) [Arquipélago, Life and Marine Sciences v. 31; ref. 33594] King Bay, Tarrafal, Santiago Island, Cape Verde Islands, ca. 15.2749°N, 23.7582°W, depth 12 meters. Holotype: ZSM 43039. Paratypes: 43040 (1), 41223 (1). •Valid as Malacoctenus carrowi Wirtz 2014 -- (Carvalho-Filho et al. 2020:516 [ref. 37678]). Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus carrowi Wirtz 2014. Labrisomidae. Distribution: Cape Verde Islands, eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

costaricanus, Malacoctenus Springer [V. G.] 1959:468, Pl. 7 (fig. 1) [Publications of the Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Texas v. 5 (for Dec. 1958); ref. 10210] Piedra Blanca Bay, Costa Rica, eastern Pacific. Holotype: CAS-SU 49601. Paratypes: CAS-SU 49602 [ex NYZS 28151] (2), 49603 [ex NYZS 28169] (1). •Valid as Malacoctenus costaricanus Springer 1959 -- (Hastings in Fischer et al. 1995:1014 [ref. 22829], Patzner et al. 2009:463 [ref. 30396]). Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus costaricanus Springer 1959. Labrisomidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

delalandii, Clinus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836:378 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 11; ref. 1005] Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Syntypes: MNHN A-2014 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot 1967:45 [ref. 20734]. The original spelling delalandii is acceptable; delalandei is misspelled. •Valid as Malacoctenus delalandei [sic] (Valenciennes 1836) -- (Greenfield & Johnson 1981:27 [ref. 5580], Cervigón 1994:82 [ref. 24488], Aguilera 1998:52 [ref. 24221], Williams 2003:1759 [ref. 27109] as delalandii, Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:95 [ref. 27192] as delalandii, Smith et al. 2003:49 [ref. 27621], Patzner et al. 2009:463 [ref. 30396], Guimarães et al. 2010:54 [ref. 30917] as delalandei, Wirtz 2014:19 [ref. 33594] as delalandei, Spier et al. 2018:17 [ref. 36103], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2020:511 [ref. 37678]). Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus delalandii (Valenciennes 1836). Labrisomidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Belize, Central America, Puerto Rico, Carribean Sea to Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Habitat: marine.

delicata, Tagusa Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:435 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] Tagus Cove, Isabela Island [Albemarle Island], Galápagos Islands. Holotype: FMNH 17399. Paratypes: FMNH 17400-01 (1, 1), 17403 (1); CAS-SU 24420 (5, now 4), 53190 (1); USNM 117315 [ex FMNH 17402] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:95 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:82 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Malacoctenus zonogaster Heller & Snodgrass 1903 -- (Springer 1995:495 [ref. 22273]). Current status: Synonym of Malacoctenus zonogaster Heller & Snodgrass 1903. Labrisomidae. Habitat: marine.

ebisui, Malacoctenus Springer [V. G.] 1959:478, Pl. 7 (fig. 5) [Publications of the Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Texas v. 5 (for Dec. 1958); ref. 10210] Bahía Honda, (Pacific) Panama. Holotype: CAS-SU 49604. Paratypes: (53) BMNH 1861.8.13.32 (1); FMNH 61901 (1); CAS-SU 49605 (11), 49606 (2), 49607-08 (3, 1), 49609-10 (2, 2), 49611 (3), 49612 (3), 49613-14 (1, 11), 49615 (1), 49699 (2); UMMZ 171894 (7); USNM 174964 (1), 204967 (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:54 [ref. 12367], Springer & Orrell 1996:18 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Malacoctenus ebisui Springer 1959 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:230 [ref. 22193], Hastings in Fischer et al. 1995:1014 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:208 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:213 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:163 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:463 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:169 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:148 [ref. 34871]). Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus ebisui Springer 1959. Labrisomidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

erdmani, Malacoctenus Smith [C. L.] 1957:8, Pl. 1 (fig. 2) [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 585; ref. 12167] Condado Lagoon, San Juan, Puerto Rico. Holotype: UMMZ 171175. Paratypes: UMMZ 171157 (1), 171173 (1), 171176 (1), 171183 (4), 171187 (1), 171192 (1), 171204 (1), 171207 (1), 171217 (1), 171226 (1), 171231 (2). •Valid as Malacoctenus erdmani Smith 1957 -- (Greenfield & Johnson 1981:27 [ref. 5580], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:165 [ref. 27754], Williams 2003:1759 [ref. 27109], Smith et al. 2003:50 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:163 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:463 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:169 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:68 [ref. 33341], Wirtz 2014:18 [ref. 33594], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2020:515 [ref. 37678], Robertson et al. 2020:157 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus erdmani Smith 1957. Labrisomidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

gigas, Malacoctenus Springer [V. G.] 1959:457, Pl. 5 (figs. 1-2) [Publications of the Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Texas v. 5 (for Dec. 1958); ref. 10210] 250 yards south of the tip of Punta Cholla, 6 miles north of Punta Peñasco, Sonora, Gulf of California, Mexico. Holotype: CAS-SU 49617. Paratypes: (846) BMNH 1957.5.1.205-236 (32); CAS 6041 (30); CAS-SU 16483, 16537, 16644-45, 16655, 17875, 19180, 20721-22, 47183-84, 49618-22, 49623 (1), 49624-31, 49643-45, 49646-47 (2), 49648 (18), 49649 (3), 49650; FMNH 61903 (48); LACM W50-192A [not 52-192A] (2), 52-51, 52-69, 52-74 (2), 53-86, 54-20 (10), 54-193 (1), 54-194 (2), 56-20 [not 54-20] (2), 56-26 [not 56-27] (1); SIO 15-283 (9) (ex UCLA W52-51), 15-2434 (9) (ex UCLA W52-69); TNHC 2973 (16); USNM 174961 (18); ZMUC P 76956 (1). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:75 [ref. 9588], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:54 [ref. 12367], Springer & Orrell 1996:19 [ref. 22274]. Corrections to the original description are given by Springer in Copeia 1959 (no. 4):292. •Valid as Malacoctenus gigas Springer 1959 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:230 [ref. 22193], Hastings in Fischer et al. 1995:1014 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:208 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:211 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:163 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:463 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:169 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus gigas Springer 1959. Labrisomidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California. Habitat: marine.

gilli, Clinus Steindachner [F.] 1867:352 [46] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 56 (1. Abth.); ref. 14188] Barbados, West Indies. Syntypes: (2) ? NMW. On p. 46 of separate. •Valid as Malacoctenus gilli (Steindachner 1867) -- (Greenfield & Johnson 1981:28 [ref. 5580], Cervigón 1994:83 [ref. 24488], Aguilera 1998:52 [ref. 24221], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:165 [ref. 27754], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:306 [ref. 25013], Williams 2003:1759 [ref. 27109], Smith et al. 2003:50 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:163 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:599 [ref. 28815], Patzner et al. 2009:463 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:169 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:68 [ref. 33341], Wirtz 2014:18 [ref. 33594], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2020:515 [ref. 37678]). Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus gilli (Steindachner 1867). Labrisomidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

hubbsi, Malacoctenus Springer [V. G.] 1959:463, Pl. 6 (figs. 1-2, 4) [Publications of the Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Texas v. 5 (for Dec. 1958); ref. 10210] Southwestern end of San Pedro Martír Island, Gulf of California, Mexico. Holotype: CAS-SU 49651. Paratypes: (2593) BMNH 1957.5.1.150-204 (54); CAS 20719-20 (2); CAS-SU (37 lots); FMNH 42658 (7), 50254 (4), 61902 (114); LACM W52-263 (7), 53-91 (71), 54-258 (14), 54-262 (15), 55-118 (2), 56-22 (129), 53-97 (1); SIO 14-174 (658) (ex UCLA W51-224), 15-260 (64) (ex UCLA W56-20), 15-444 (148) (ex UCLA 55-85), 15-643 (52) (ex UCLA W51-221), 15-648 (235) (ex UCLA W51-223), 15-1297 (81) (ex UCLA W55-93), 15-2441 (14) (ex UCLA W55-94); UCLA 53-91, 53-97 (1); USNM 134904 (3), 174965 (orig. 89) Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:55 [ref. 12367], Springer & Orrell 1996:19 [ref. 22274]. Described as a new species and subspecies. Corrections to the original description are given by Springer in Copeia 1959 (no. 4):292. •Valid as Malacoctenus hubbsi Springer 1959 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:231 [ref. 22193], Hastings in Fischer et al. 1995:1014 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:206 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:212 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:163 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:463 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:10 [ref. 31156], Page et al. 2013:169 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus hubbsi Springer 1959. Labrisomidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California and Baja California. Habitat: marine.

lianae, Malacoctenus Carvalho-Filho [A.], Almeida [D.], Britto [M. R.], Dias [R. M.] & Lima [S. M. Q.] in Carvalho-Filho, Sazima, Lima, Almeida, Mendes, Dias et al. 2020:500, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 4819 (no. 3); ref. 37678] Tidepool at Praia do Boldró, Fernando de Noronha, Pernambuco, Brazil, -3.84527, -32.42916 [3°50'42.97"S, 32°25'44.98"W], depth 0 - 0.9 meter. Holotype: MZUSP 123844. Paratypes: CIUFES, MZUSP, ZUEC. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Malacoctenus lianae Carvalho-Filho, Almeida, Britto, Dias & Lima 2020. Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus lianae Carvalho-Filho, Almeida, Britto, Dias & Lima 2020. Labrisomidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Fernando de Noronha Archipelago - Atol das Rocas and St. Peter's Rocks, Pernambuco, Brazil. Habitat: marine.

macropus, Myxodes Poey [F.] 1868:399 [Repertorio Fisico-Natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3505] Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 12511 (2). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:217 [ref. 22926]. •Valid as Malacoctenus macropus (Poey 1868) -- (Greenfield & Johnson 1981:28 [ref. 5580], Robins & Ray 1986:227 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1994:85 [ref. 24488], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:306 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:165 [ref. 27754], Williams 2003:1759 [ref. 27109], Smith et al. 2003:50 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:163 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:600 [ref. 28815], Patzner et al. 2009:463 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:169 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:68 [ref. 33341], Wirtz 2014:18 [ref. 33594], Robertson et al. 2016:147 [ref. 34961], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2020:515 [ref. 37678], Robertson et al. 2020:158 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus macropus (Poey 1868). Labrisomidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

margaritae, Acteis Fowler [H. W.] 1944:285, Fig. 239 [Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia No. 6; ref. 1448] Tide pool at Saboga, Perlas Islands, (Pacific) Panama. Holotype: ANSP 70047. Paratypes: ANSP 70050-59 (10). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:61 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Malacoctenus margaritae (Fowler 1944) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:232 [ref. 22193], Hastings in Fischer et al. 1995:1014 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:208 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:213 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:163 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:463 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:10 [ref. 31156], Palacios-Salgado et al. 2014:238 [ref. 36362]). Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus margaritae (Fowler 1944). Labrisomidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Costa Rica, Panama. Habitat: marine.

mexicanus, Malacoctenus margaritae Springer [V. G.] 1959:449, Pl. 3 (fig. 4) [Publications of the Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Texas v. 5 (for Dec. 1958); ref. 10210] South side of Bahia Inez Island, Gulf of California, Mexico. Holotype: USNM 174956. Paratypes: (183) BMNH 1957.5.1.51-57 (26); FMNH 61905 (47); CAS-SU 49683-84 (1, 1); SIO 15-299 (20) (ex UCLA W53-91), 15-1173 (1) (ex UCLA 53-93), 15-2442 (1) (ex UCLA W53-89), UCLA W52-51 (1); USNM 174959 (85, actual 86). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:55 [ref. 12367], Springer & Orrell 1996:20 [ref. 22274]. •Synonym of Malacoctenus margaritae (Fowler 1944) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:232 [ref. 22193]). •Valid as Malacoctenus mexicanus Springer 1959 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:463 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:10 [ref. 31156], Page et al. 2013:169 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:149 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:449 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923] as aff. mexicanus). Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus mexicanus Springer 1959. Labrisomidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

moorei, Malacoctenus Evermann [B. W.] & Marsh [M. C.] 1899:357 [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner v. 25 (for 1899) Appendix 7; ref. 1283] Culebra Island, Puerto Rico. Holotype (unique): USNM 49370. Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:21 [ref. 22274]. •Synonym of Malacoctenus macropus (Poey 1868) -- (D. Hensley, pers. comm. 8/2005). Current status: Synonym of Malacoctenus macropus (Poey 1868). Labrisomidae. Habitat: marine.

multipunctatus, Malacoctenus afuerae Springer [V. G.] 1959:462, Pl. 5 (fig. 5) [Publications of the Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Texas v. 5 (for Dec. 1958); ref. 10210] Southwestern end of San Lucas Bay, Baja California, Mexico. Holotype: CAS-SU 49596. Paratypes: (137) BMNH 1957.5.1.77-87 (11); FMNH 61900 (52); CAS-SU 18933 (7), 49597-600 (7, 3, 1, 1); UCLA W51-20, 51-33, 51-54, 51-58 (1), 53-97 (2), W6-26 (2); UMMZ 171893 (2); USNM 174962 (38). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:54 [ref. 12367], Springer & Orrell 1996:16 [ref. 22274]. •Synonym of Malacoctenus tetranemus (Cope 1877) -- (Stephens & Springer 1974:10 [ref. 7149], Allen & Robertson 1994:233 [ref. 22193]). Current status: Synonym of Malacoctenus tetranemus (Cope 1877). Labrisomidae. Habitat: marine.

polyporosus, Malacoctenus hubbsi Springer [V. G.] 1959:468, Pl. 6 (figs. 3-4) [Publications of the Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Texas v. 5 (for Dec. 1958); ref. 10210] Islas Venados, just north of Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Holotype: USNM 174957. Paratypes: (499) ANSP 74511; BMNH 1957.5.1.90-149 (60); FMNH 61898 (32); CAS-SU 49677-79 (1, 1, 1); SIO 11-398 (9) (ex UCLA 51-29), 11-399 (23) (ex UCLA W51-54), 11-400 (7, not 8) (ex UCLA W51-58), 15-115 (130) (ex UCLA W51-20), 15-2444 (3) (ex UCLA W51-44); USNM 174960 (orig. 231, now 228). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:55 [ref. 12367], Springer & Orrell 1996:19 [ref. 22274]. •Synonym of Malacoctenus hubbsi Springer 1959 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:231 [ref. 22193]). •Synonym of Malacoctenus hubbsi Springer 1959, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Thomson et al. 2000:212 [ref. 25640]). •Valid as Malacoctenus polyporosus Springer 1959 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:463 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:10 [ref. 31156], Page et al. 2013:169 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:149 [ref. 34871]). Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus polyporosus Springer 1959. Labrisomidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

puertoricensis, Malacoctenus Evermann [B. W.] & Marsh [M. C.] 1899:358 [United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commissioner v. 25 (for 1899) Appendix 7; ref. 1283] Hucares, Puerto Rico. Holotype: USNM 49371. Paratypes: (6) FMNH 3314 (2), CAS-SU 8656 (3). Non-types: USNM 50180 [ex USBF 919] (4), USNM 125974 [ex USBF 841] (orig. 1, now 2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:98 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:55 [ref. 12367], Springer & Orrell 1996:21-22 [ref. 22274]. •Synonym of Malacoctenus gilli (Steindachner 1867) -- (D. Hensley, pers. comm. 8/2005). Current status: Synonym of Malacoctenus gilli (Steindachner 1867). Labrisomidae. Habitat: marine.

sudensis, Malacoctenus zonifer Springer [V. G.] 1959:474, Pl. 7 (fig. 3) [Publications of the Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Texas v. 5 (for Dec. 1958); ref. 10210] Saboga, Perlas Islands, (Pacific) Panama. Holotype: CAS-SU 49641. Paratypes: (344) ANSP 10574-77 (4); BMNH 1898.12.31.44-46 (3), 1957.5.1.1-50 (59); CAS 4014-41 (28), 6907 (1), 6987; CAS-SU 49692-98 (7, 4, 3, 1, 15, 5, 7), 49700-07 (1, 4, 8, 5, 5, 1, 1, 17); FMNH 61899 (50); SIO 11-286 (25) (ex UCLA 53-283); USNM 65567 (1), 81898 (1), 94046 (1), 101933 (10), 101936 (2), 101987-88 (1, 1), 101990 (1), 102002 (2), 128493 (24), 144820 (7), 144822 (15), 144824-26 (2, 1, 2), 144828 (2), 174963 (18). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:55 [ref. 12367], Springer & Orrell 1996:23-24 [ref. 22274]. •Synonym of Malacoctenus zonifer (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:234 [ref. 22193]). •Valid as Malacoctenus sudensis Springer 1959 -- (Patzner et al. 2009:463 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:10 [ref. 31156], González-Murcia et al. 2019:295 [ref. 36544]). Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus sudensis Springer 1959. Labrisomidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: El Salvador south to Ecuador. Habitat: marine.

tetranemus, Blennius Cope [E. D.] 1877:42 [26] [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 17; ref. 18033] Lobos de Afuera Island, Peru [original Pecasmayo Bay, Peru]. Neotype: USNM 128213. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:30 [ref. 13621] as no types at ANSP, Springer et al. 1991:24 [ref. 18888], Springer & Orrell 1996:22 [ref. 22274]. On p. 26 of separate. Neotype designated by Stephens & Springer 1974:10 [ref. 7149]; neotype is also the holotype of Labrisomus afurae Meek & Hildebrand. •Valid as Malacoctenus tetranemus (Cope 1877) -- (Stephens & Springer 1974:10 [ref. 7149], Allen & Robertson 1994:233 [ref. 22193], Springer 1995:495 [ref. 22273], Hastings in Fischer et al. 1995:1014 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:208 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:529 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:255 [ref. 24555], Herrera & Lavenberg 1999:8 [ref. 24180], Thomson et al. 2000:213 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:163 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:463 [ref. 30396], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:169 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:149 [ref. 34871]). Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus tetranemus (Cope 1877). Labrisomidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

triangulatus, Malacoctenus Springer [V. G.] 1959:477, Pl. 7 (fig. 4) [Publications of the Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Texas v. 5 (for Dec. 1958); ref. 10210] West of Delaporte Point, New Providence Island, Bahamas, 25°05'04"N, 77°27"42'W, Caribbean Sea. Holotype: ANSP 74729. Paratypes: (263) ANSP (32 lots, 200, 1 c&s,); BMNH 1888.1.19.92-101 (22), 1939.5.12.180 (1); FMNH 6981 (1), 59878 (7); IMSC uncat. (3); UMMZ 171181, 171193 (2), 171225 (1); USNM 37430 (1), 82536-37 (1, 1), 88120 (1), 114760 (1), 116823-24 (17, 2), 128794 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:62 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:55 [ref. 12367], Springer & Orrell 1996:22 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Malacoctenus triangulatus Springer 1959 -- (Greenfield & Johnson 1981:29 [ref. 5580], Robins & Ray 1986:227 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1994:86 [ref. 24488], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:165 [ref. 27754], Collette et al. 2003:117 [ref. 26784], Feitoza et al. 2003:69 [ref. 26943] as aff. triangulatus, Williams 2003:1759 [ref. 27109], Smith et al. 2003:50 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:163 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:601 [ref. 28815], Vaske et al. 2005:77 [ref. 36155], Patzner et al. 2009:463 [ref. 30396], Guimarães et al. 2010:54 [ref. 30917], Page et al. 2013:169 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:68 [ref. 33341], Wirtz 2014:19 [ref. 33594], Robertson et al. 2016:147 [ref. 34961], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2020:516 [ref. 37678], Robertson et al. 2020:158 [ref. 38098]). Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus triangulatus Springer 1959. Labrisomidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

versicolor, Myxodes Poey [F.] 1876:173 [131], Pl. 8 [5] (fig. 1) [Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, Madrid v. 5 (for 5 Apr. 1876); ref. 3510] Cuba. No types known. On p. 131 of separate. •Valid as Malacoctenus versicolor (Poey 1876) -- (Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:165 [ref. 27754], Williams 2003:1759 [ref. 27109], Smith et al. 2003:50 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:163 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:463 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:170 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:68 [ref. 33341], Wirtz 2014:18 [ref. 33594], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2020:515 [ref. 37678]). Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus versicolor (Poey 1876). Labrisomidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

zacae, Malacoctenus Springer [V. G.] 1959:470, Pl. 6 (fig. 5) [Publications of the Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Texas v. 5 (for Dec. 1958); ref. 10210] Puerto Marqués, south of Acapulco, Guerro, Mexico. Holotype: CAS-SU 49685. Paratypes: (68) BMNH 1957.5.1.88-89 (2); CAS-SU 49686-90 (8, 27, 1, 4, 1); FMNH 61899 (12); SIO 11-1031 (2) (ex UCLA 52-263); UMMZ 171895 (2); USNM 174966 (6). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:55 [ref. 12367], Springer & Orrell 1996:23 [ref. 22274]. •Valid as Malacoctenus zacae Springer 1959 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:233 [ref. 22193], Hastings in Fischer et al. 1995:1014 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:207 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:213 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:163 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:463 [ref. 30396], Page et al. 2013:170 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus zacae Springer 1959. Labrisomidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

zaluari, Malacoctenus Carvalho-Filho [A.], Gasparini [J. L.] & Sazima [I.] in Carvalho-Filho, Sazima, Lima, Almeida, Mendes, Dias et al. 2020:506, Figs. 3-4 [Zootaxa 4819 (no. 3); ref. 37678] Ilha Gaeta de Dentro, Ilha do Boi, APA Baía das Tartarugas, Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil, approximately -20.3075, -40.2755 [corrected; about 20°18'27"S, 40°16'32"W]. Holotype: ZUEC 1920. Paratypes: CIUFES, MZUSP, ZUEC. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Malacoctenus zaluari Carvalho-Filho, Gasparini & Sazima 2020. Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus zaluari Carvalho-Filho, Gasparini & Sazima 2020. Labrisomidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Brazilian coastline from Maranhão (Parcel Manoel Luiz) to Santa Catarina State. Habitat: marine.

zonifer, Clinus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:361 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 237); ref. 2470] Rock pools at Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Lectotype: USNM 28122. Paralectotypes: USNM 164585 (2). Type catalog: Springer & Orrell 1996:23 [ref. 22274]. Lectotype selected by Springer 1959:474 [ref. 10210]. •Valid as Malacoctenus zonifer (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:234 [ref. 22193], Hastings in Fischer et al. 1995:1014 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:208 [ref. 24545], Thomson et al. 2000:213 [ref. 25640], Nelson et al. 2004:163 [ref. 27807], Patzner et al. 2009:463 [ref. 30396], Hastings & Springer 2009:10 [ref. 31156], Page et al. 2013:170 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus zonifer (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Labrisomidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Mexico. Habitat: marine.

zonogaster, Malacoctenus Heller [E.] & Snodgrass [R. E.] 1903:217, Pl. 15 [Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 5; ref. 2089] Iguana Cove, Isabela Island [Albemarle Island], Galápagos Islands. Holotype: CAS-SU 6353 [not 6352 as published]. Paratypes: CAS-SU 7060 (2), 8481 (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:98 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Malacoctenus zonogaster Heller & Snodgrass 1903 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:234 [ref. 22193], Springer 1995:495 [ref. 22273], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:529 [ref. 24023], Herrera & Lavenberg 1999:9 [ref. 24180], Patzner et al. 2009:463 [ref. 30396], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957]). Current status: Valid as Malacoctenus zonogaster Heller & Snodgrass 1903. Labrisomidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands. Habitat: marine.