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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Pagrus: [ 16 ] records


africanus, Pagrus Akazaki [M.] 1962:166, 351, Fig. 35 [Studies on the spariform fishes; ref. 5771] Cape Blanc [Blanco], [Mauritania/Spanish Sahara], northwestern coast of Africa. Holotype: FAKU 33993. Paratypes: FAKU 33994 (1). •Valid as Pagrus africanus Akazaki 1962 -- (Bauchot & Hureau 1990:806 [ref. 18793], Wirtz et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32972], Carpenter & Iwatsuki in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2608 [ref. 34618], Parenti 2019:84 [ref. 36892], Fermon et al. 2022:281 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Pagrus africanus Akazaki 1962. Sparidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania south to Angola, including Cape Verde Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

americana, Sparus aurata Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:272 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] America. •Synonym of Pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2019:84 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Synonym of Pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus 1758). Sparidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

argenteus, Sparus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:271 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). Based on Sparus pagrus of Brünnich 1768:42 and 94 [ref. 17290]. •Synonym of Sparus pagrus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Tortonese 1973:406 [ref. 7192]). •Synonym of Pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus 1758). Sparidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

auriga, Pagrus Valenciennes [A.] 1843:34 [Ichthyologie des îles Canaries v. 2 (pt 2); ref. 4502] Canary Islands, eastern Atlantic. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-3830 (dry). Other material: MNHN A-0682 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:54 [ref. 20898] with holotype and paratype. •Synonym of Sparus caeruleostictus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Tortonese 1973:405 [ref. 7192]). •Valid as Argyrops auriga (Valenciennes 1843) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:122 [ref. 19754]). •Valid as Pagrus auriga Valenciennes 1843 -- (Bauchot & Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:902 [ref. 13676], Bauchot & Hureau 1990:807 [ref. 18793], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:163 [ref. 25472], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:96 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:44 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:88 [ref. 29533], Wirtz et al. 2013:126 [ref. 32972] needs confirmation, Bañón et al. 2014:323 [ref. 33674], Carpenter & Iwatsuki in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2609 [ref. 34618], Freitas et al. 2018:77 [ref. 36259], Martins & Carneiro 2018:137 [ref. 36550], Carneiro et al. 2019:271 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:98 [ref. 36864], Parenti 2019:84 [ref. 36892], Bariche & Fricke 2020:93 [ref. 37515], Bañón & Maño 2021:85 [ref. 38887], Golani 2021:56 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:80 [ref. 39014], Fermon et al. 2022:281 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Pagrus auriga Valenciennes 1843. Sparidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; eastern Atlantic: Galicia (Spain) south to Angola, including Madeira (Portugal), Canary Islands (Spain), Cape Verde Islands, and São Tome and Príncipe. Habitat: marine.

bertheloti, Pagrus Valenciennes [A.] 1843:33 [Ichthyologie des îles Canaries v. 2 (pt 2); ref. 4502] Canary Islands. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-7750 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:55 [ref. 20898]. •Synonym of Sparus caeruleostictus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Tortonese 1973:405 [ref. 7192]). •Synonym of Pagrus caeruleostictus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Bauchot & Hureau 1990:807 [ref. 18793], Parenti 2019:84 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Synonym of Pagrus caeruleostictus (Valenciennes 1830). Sparidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bocagii, Pagrus Lowe [R. T.] in Günther 1861:391, Pl. 11 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1860 (pt 3, art. 9) (art. 9); ref. 18177] Lisbon, Portugal. •Synonym of Sparus caeruleostictus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Tortonese 1973:405 [ref. 7192]). •Synonym of Pagrus caeruleostictus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Parenti 2019:84 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Synonym of Pagrus caeruleostictus (Valenciennes 1830). Sparidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

caeruleosticta, Chrysophrys Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:110 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Gorée, Senegal; Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, eastern Atlantic. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8666 (1) Gorée. Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:44 [ref. 20898] as coeruleosticta. •Valid as Sparus caeruleostictus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Tortonese 1973:405 [ref. 7192]). •Valid as Pagrus caeruleostictus (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Bauchot & Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:903 [ref. 13676] as coeruleostictus, Bauchot & Hureau 1990:807 [ref. 18793], Afonso et al. 1999:75 [ref. 25466], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:96 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:44 [ref. 37112] as coeruleostictus, Fricke et al. 2007:88 [ref. 29533], Wirtz et al. 2007:35 [ref. 30263], Fricke 2008:42 [ref. 30182], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:48 [ref. 36649], Carpenter & Iwatsuki in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2610 [ref. 34618], Martins & Carneiro 2018:139 [ref. 36550], Almeida & Alves 2019:273 [ref. 37509] as coeruleostictus, Carneiro et al. 2019:272 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:98 [ref. 36864], Parenti 2019:84 [ref. 36892], Reiner 2019:217 [ref. 38139], Bariche & Fricke 2020:93 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:42 [ref. 37519], Bañón & Maño 2021:84 [ref. 38887], Golani 2021:56 [ref. 38303] as coeruleostictus, Kovačić et al. 2021:81 [ref. 39014], Fermon et al. 2022:282 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Pagrus caeruleostictus (Valenciennes 1830). Sparidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; eastern Atlantic: Galicia (Spain) south to Angola, including Canary Islands (Spain), and São Tomé and Principe; absent from Cape Verde Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

caissoti, Sparus Risso [A.] 1810:257 [Ichthyologie de Nice; ref. 3755] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:70 [ref. 20898]. •Synonym of Pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2019:84 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Synonym of Pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus 1758). Sparidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

major, Chrysophrys Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843:71, Pl. 35 [Fauna Japonica Parts 2-4; ref. 4371] All bays of Japan. Lectotype: RMNH D405 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: RMNH D404 (1, stuffed), D413 (1, stuffed), D415 (1, stuffed), 961 (10), 2182 (1, stuffed). Lectotype selected by Boeseman 1947:76 [ref. 12876]. The genus Pagrus Cuvier 1816 is currently restricted to the Mediterranean and Atlantic. •Synonym of Pagrus auratus (Forster 1801) -- (Paulin 1990:261 [ref. 15774], Carpenter 2001:3002 [ref. 26104]). •Valid as Pagrosomus major (Temminck & Schlegel 1843) -- (Cheng & Zhou 1997:298 [ref. 26385] dated 1842). •Valid as Pagrus major (Temminck & Schlegel 1843) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:124 [ref. 19754], Akazaki in Masuda et al. 1984:177 [ref. 6441], Yamakawa in Okamura et al. 1985:513, 690 [ref. 8056], Chen et al. 1997:93 [ref. 26476] dated 1844, Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:11 [ref. 24670], Mizuno et al. 1999:9 [ref. 25311], Nakabo 2000:858 [ref. 25086], Carpenter in Randall & Lim 2000:619 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:137 [ref. 25480], Shinohara et al. 2000:179 [ref. 25987], Shimizu 2001:31 [ref. 25799], Shinohara et al. 2001:326 [ref. 25995], Wang et al. 2001:227 [ref. 26566] dated 1842, Nakabo 2002:858 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:342, 616 [ref. 26218], Parin 2003:S11 [ref. 28536], Shinohara et al. 2005:435 [ref. 28370], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:48 [ref. 36649], Motomura et al. 2010:127 [ref. 31256], Larson et al. 2013:140 [ref. 32988], Parin et al. 2014:370 [ref. 33547], Iwatsuki in Kimura et al. 2018:170 [ref. 36460], Parenti 2019:84 [ref. 36892], Kampouris et al. 2020:256 [ref. 38968], Kim et al. 2020:137 [ref. 39118], Kovačić et al. 2020:42 [ref. 37519], Sonoyama et al. 2020:71 [ref. 37637], Dyldin & Orlov 2021:834 [ref. 38925], Dyldin et al. 2021:48 [ref. 38804], Kampouris et al. 2021:256 [ref. 38312], Kovačić et al. 2021:81 [ref. 39014]). Current status: Valid as Pagrus major (Temminck & Schlegel 1843). Sparidae. Distribution: Northwestern Pacific: northern Vietnam and China to Korea, Russia and Japan; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: marine.

miqueli, Sparus pagrus Bauchot [M.-L.] & Hureau [J.-C.] 1978:97 [Cybium 3e série. Bulletin de la Société Française d'Ichtyologie No. 4; ref. 18916] Off Abidjan, Ivory Coast, 5°15'N, 4°01'W. Holotype: MNHN 1978-0463. Paratypes: MNHN 1978-0464 to 0467 (1, 1, 1, 1). •Synonym of Pagrus africanus Akazaki 1962 -- (Bauchot & Hureau 1990:806 [ref. 18793], Parenti 2019:84 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Synonym of Pagrus africanus Akazaki 1962. Sparidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

orphus, Aurata Risso [A.] 1827:356 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-0863. Type catalog: Bertin 1945:377 [ref. 21554], Bauchot & Daget 1972:35 [ref. 20898]. Secondarily preoccupied in Pagrus by Sparus orphus Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bauchot & Hureau 1990:808 [ref. 18793], Parenti 2019:84 [ref. 36892]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus 1758). Sparidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

orphus, Sparus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:279 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] No locality. No types known. •Synonym of Sparus pagrus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Tortonese 1973:406 [ref. 7192]). •Synonym of Pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2019:84 [ref. 36892] with question). Current status: Synonym of Pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus 1758). Sparidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

pagrus, Sparus Linnaeus [C.] 1758:279 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Southern Europe (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. •Valid as Sparus pagrus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Herrera 1896:54 [ref. 39336], Tortonese 1973:406 [ref. 7192]). •Valid as Pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bauchot & Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:904 [ref. 13676], Inada in Nakamura et al. 1986:218 [ref. 14235], Robins & Ray 1986:184 [ref. 23100], Bauchot & Hureau 1990:808 [ref. 18793], Boschung 1992:142 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:443 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:235 [ref. 24474], Andreata & Séret 1996:586 [ref. 16204], Santos et al. 1997:92 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:91 [ref. 24952], Afonso et al. 1999:85 [ref. 25466], Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:104 [ref. 25942], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:162 [ref. 27754], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:96 [ref. 26753], López et al. 2002:65 [ref. 26808], Carpenter 2003:1575 [ref. 27092], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:86 [ref. 27192], Palma & Andrade 2004:449 [ref. 27717], Nelson et al. 2004:146 [ref. 27807], Golani 2005:44 [ref. 37112], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:403 [ref. 28815], Fricke et al. 2007:89 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:49 [ref. 36649], Mabragaña et al. 2011:table S2 [ref. 31800], Page et al. 2013:150 [ref. 32708], Costa et al. 2015:1061 [ref. 37495], Pinheiro et al. 2015:20 [ref. 34324], Carpenter & Iwatsuki in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2611 [ref. 34618], Nión et al. 2016:48 [ref. 35565], Martins & Carneiro 2018:136 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:557 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:272 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:98 [ref. 36864], Parenti 2019:84 [ref. 36892], Bariche & Fricke 2020:93 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:42 [ref. 37519], Bañón & Maño 2021:85 [ref. 38887], Golani 2021:57 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:81 [ref. 39014], Fermon et al. 2022:282 [ref. 39448], Carvalho-Filho 2023:172 [ref. 40480], Ceríaco et al. 2023:79 [ref. 40710], Hoff et al. 2023:8 [ref. 40463], Page et al. 2023:208 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus 1758). Sparidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: New York (U.S.A.) south to northern Argentina, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea; Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; eastern Atlantic: British Isles south to Western Sahara, including Azores (Portugal), Madeira (Portugal) and Canary Islands (Spain). Habitat: brackish, marine.

sedecim, Pagrus Ginsburg [I.] 1952:93, Fig. 6 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 42 (no. 3); ref. 1805] 25 miles south of Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A., depth 45 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 151881. Paratypes: USNM 20981 (6), 21339 (1), 22868-69 (1, 1), 30838 (1), 83181 (1), 87741 (1), 151910-11 (1, 2). •Synonym of Pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:104 [ref. 25942], Carpenter 2003:1575 [ref. 27092], Parenti 2019:85 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Synonym of Pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus 1758). Sparidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

urta, Sparus Cabrera y Corro [A.], Pérez [L.] & Hänseler [F.] 1817:5 [Lista de los peces del mar de Andalucía; ref. 17319] Western Andalusia, near Cádiz, Spain, eastern Atlantic. Name only, not available. Name appeared with reference to Linnaeus, apparently erroneously. Also appeared as name only in Graells 1887:179 [ref. 30438]. •In genus Pagrus Cuvier 1816. Nomen Nudum. Sparidae.

vulgaris, Pagrus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:142, Pl. 148 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 6; ref. 996] Northern Ocean; Mediterranean Sea. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-8623 (1) Morée, Greece, A-0693 (1) Goreé, A-5461 (1) Cape Verde Is. Type catalog: Bauchot & Daget 1972:56-57 [ref. 20898]. •Synonym of Sparus pagrus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Tortonese 1973:406 [ref. 7192]). •Synonym of Pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bauchot & Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:904 [ref. 13676], Bauchot & Hureau 1990:808 [ref. 18793], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:96 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:44 [ref. 37112], Carpenter & Iwatsuki in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2611 [ref. 34618], Parenti 2019:85 [ref. 36892]). Current status: Synonym of Pagrus pagrus (Linnaeus 1758). Sparidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.


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