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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Syacium: [ 16 ] records


aethalion, Syacium Jordan [D. S.] 1886:52 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 9 (no. 551); ref. 2386] Havana, Cuba. Syntypes: (3) USNM 37748 (1). •Synonym of Syacium micrurum Ranzani 1842 -- (Murakami & Amaoka 1992:74 [ref. 19779]). Current status: Synonym of Syacium micrurum Ranzani 1842. Cyclopsettidae. Habitat: marine.

aramaca, Hemirhombus Günther [A.] 1862:422 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 4; ref. 1969] Not an original description (= Pleuronectes aramaca Cuvier 1829) but treated as such by Aldebert et al. 1990:1035 [ref. 19526] as a synonym of Syacium micrurum Ranzani 1842, also Murakami & Amaoka 1992:74 [ref. 19779]. Current status: Synonym of Syacium micrurum Ranzani 1842. Cyclopsettidae.

aramaca, Pleuronectes Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:121 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Brazil. •Synonym of Syacium papillosum (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Murakami & Amaoka 1992:74 [ref. 19779]). Current status: Synonym of Syacium papillosum (Linnaeus 1758). Cyclopsettidae. Habitat: marine.

guineensis, Hemirhombus Bleeker [P.] in Günther 1862:423 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 4; ref. 1969] Coast of Guinea. Holotype: RMNH 3546 (poor condition). Description is quoted from Bleeker. Also appeared in Bleeker 1863:25, Pl. 3 [ref. 395]. Combined with a neuter genus, the adjective becomes guineense. •Synonym of Syacium micrurum Ranzani 1842 -- (Aldebert et al. 1990:1035 [ref. 19526]). •Valid as Syacium guineense (Bleeker 1862) (often seen as guineensis) -- (Fraser 1971:501 [ref. 21277], Murakami & Amaoka 1992:67 [ref. 19779], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:xiv [ref. 21953], Wirtz et al. 2007:41 [ref. 30263], Wirtz et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32972], Wirtz et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33516], Munroe in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2999 [ref. 34618], Reiner 2019:294 [ref. 38139] as guineensis, Fermon et al. 2022:232 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Syacium guineense (Bleeker 1862). Cyclopsettidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: western Sahara south to Namibia, including Cape Verde Islands, and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

gunteri, Syacium Ginsburg [I.] 1933:7 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 82 (no. 2961); ref. 1800] Off the coast of Louisiana, 12 miles northeast of Barstom Light, Gulf of Mexico, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 92800. Paratypes: (65). •Valid as Syacium gunteri Ginsburg 1933 -- (Gutherz 1967:37 [ref. 23862], Fraser 1971:500 [ref. 21277], Robins & Ray 1986:292 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:176 [ref. 23239], Murakami & Amaoka 1992:71 [ref. 19779], Cervigón 1992:278 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1996:66 [ref. 24489], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Keith et al. 2000:240 [ref. 24547], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:478 [ref. 24550], Saavedra-Díaz et al. 2000:307 [ref. 24565], Munroe 2003:1920 [ref. 27118], Nelson et al. 2004:180 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:858 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:185 [ref. 32708], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407], Rotundo et al. in Marceniuk et al. 2021:387 [ref. 38945], Carvalho-Filho 2023:272 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Syacium gunteri Ginsburg 1933. Cyclopsettidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U.S.A.) south to Ceará (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

intermedius, Hippoglossus Ranzani [C.] 1842:12, Pl. 4 [Novi Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Instituti Bononiensis v. 5; ref. 3606] Brazil. Holotype (unique): MZUB 954. •Synonym of Syacium papillosum (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Murakami & Amaoka 1992:74 [ref. 19779]). Current status: Synonym of Syacium papillosum (Linnaeus 1758). Cyclopsettidae. Habitat: marine.

latifrons, Citharichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:334 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 1 (for 1881); ref. 2471] Panama Bay (Pacific). Syntypes: USNM 29255 (1, lost), 29416 (1, lost), 29425 (1, lost), 29496 (1, lost). •Valid as Syacium latifrons (Jordan & Gilbert 1882) -- (Murakami & Amaoka 1992:89 [ref. 19779], Bussing & López S. 1994:150 [ref. 23101], Hensley in Fischer et al. 1995:1376 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:254 [ref. 24545], van der Heiden & Mitchell 1998:756 [ref. 23424], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:206 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:477 [ref. 24550], Nelson et al. 2004:180 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:173 [ref. 37547], Page et al. 2013:186 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:150 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:460 [ref. 34668], Love et al. 2021:217 [ref. 39279]). Current status: Valid as Syacium latifrons (Jordan & Gilbert 1882). Cyclopsettidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of Baja California Sur (Mexico) south to Peru, including Gulf of California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

longidorsale, Syacium Murakami [T.] & Amaoka [K.] 1992:82, Figs. 16-17 [Bulletin of the Faculty of Fisheries Hokkaido University v. 43 (no. 2); ref. 19779] Gulf of Guayaquil, Ecuador, 3°39'S, 80°41'W, depth 13 meters. Holotype: USNM 317825. Paratypes: HUMZ 121131-36 (6), 121137-40 (4); USNM 317826-27 (11, 14). •Valid as Syacium longidorsale Murakami & Amaoka 1992 -- (Hensley in Fischer et al. 1995:1377 [ref. 22830], van der Heiden & Mitchell 1998:756 [ref. 23424], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:206 [ref. 24555], Nelson et al. 2004:180 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:186 [ref. 32708]). Current status: Valid as Syacium longidorsale Murakami & Amaoka 1992. Cyclopsettidae. Distribution: Off Ecuador, eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.

longleyi, Syacium Norman [J. R.] 1933:201 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 12 (no. 68) (art. 21); ref. 16511] Off Breton Island, Louisiana, U.S.A. Holotype: BMNH 1931.11.5.23. Additional material or paratypes: (3). Technically a holotype probably was not established in the original description as counts represent multiple specimens. •Synonym of Syacium gunteri Ginsburg 1933 -- (Murakami & Amaoka 1992:71 [ref. 19779] as longreyi). Current status: Synonym of Syacium gunteri Ginsburg 1933. Cyclopsettidae. Habitat: marine.

maculifer, Citharichthys Garman [S.] 1899:224 [Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 24; ref. 1540] Near Cocos Island, Costa Rica, eastern Pacific, 5°32'45"N, 86°54'30"W, Albatross station 3368, depth 66 fathoms. Syntypes: MCZ 28546 (2). •Valid as Syacium maculiferum (Garman 1899) -- (Murakami & Amaoka 1992:74 [ref. 19779], Hensley in Fischer et al. 1995:1378 [ref. 22830], van der Heiden & Mitchell 1998:753 [ref. 23424]). Current status: Valid as Syacium maculiferum (Garman 1899). Cyclopsettidae. Distribution: Eastern central Pacific. Habitat: marine.

micrurum, Syacium Ranzani [C.] 1842:16, Pl. 5 [Novi Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Instituti Bononiensis v. 5; ref. 3606] Brazil. Holotype (unique): MZUB 948. See also Santos et al. 1997:131 [ref. 23531]. •Valid as Syacium micrurum Ranzani 1842 -- (Gutherz 1967:39 [ref. 23862], Fraser 1971:501 [ref. 21277], Hensley 1986:863 [ref. 5669], Robins & Ray 1986:292 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:541 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:220 [ref. 14674], Aldebert et al. 1990:1035 [ref. 19526], Boschung 1992:176 [ref. 23239], Murakami & Amaoka 1992:74 [ref. 19779], Cervigón 1992:278 [ref. 23827], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:178 [ref. 25472], Andreata & Séret 1996:589 [ref. 16204] dated 1840, Cervigón 1996:65 [ref. 24489], Arruda 1997:119 [ref. 24952], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:341 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:87 [ref. 25466], Keith et al. 2000:242 [ref. 24547], Saavedra-Díaz et al. 2000:307 [ref. 24565], Camargo & Isaac 2001:144 [ref. 27639], Munroe 2003:1921 [ref. 27118], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:106 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:180 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:859 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:186 [ref. 32708], see Wirtz et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33515], Spier et al. 2018:18 [ref. 36103], Carneiro et al. 2019:188 [ref. 37250], Robertson et al. 2020:160 [ref. 38098], Rotundo et al. in Marceniuk et al. 2021:388 [ref. 38945], Robertson et al. 2022:87 [ref. 39353], Carvalho-Filho 2023:272 [ref. 40480], Hoff et al. 2023:6 [ref. 40463]). Current status: Valid as Syacium micrurum Ranzani 1842. Cyclopsettidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: South Carolina (U.S.A.) south to Santa Catarina (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea; southern-central Atlantic: ?Ascension Island. Habitat: marine.

ocellatus, Hippoglossus Poey [F.] 1860:314 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Holotype: MCZ 11188. Paratypes: MCZ 11144 (1), 11192 (1), 11194 (1); ?NMW 43858 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:181 [ref. 22926] with a holotype and paratypes, but probably syntypes originally. •Synonym of Syacium micrurum Ranzani 1842 -- (Murakami & Amaoka 1992:74 [ref. 19779]). Current status: Synonym of Syacium micrurum Ranzani 1842. Cyclopsettidae. Habitat: marine.

ovalis, Hemirhombus Günther [A.] 1864:154 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1864 (pt 1) (art. 3) (for 22 Mar. 1864); ref. 13930] Pacific coast of Panama. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1864.1.26.348. •Valid as Syacium ovale (Günther 1864) -- (Murakami & Amaoka 1992:86 [ref. 19779], Allen & Robertson 1994:289 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:150 [ref. 23101], Hensley in Fischer et al. 1995:1379 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:254 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:615 [ref. 24023], van der Heiden & Mitchell 1998:756 [ref. 23424], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:206 [ref. 24555], Evseenko 1998:58 [ref. 23643], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:477 [ref. 24550], Nelson et al. 2004:180 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:173 [ref. 37547], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:186 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:150 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:460 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923], González-Murcia et al. 2019:300 [ref. 36544], Love et al. 2021:217 [ref. 39279], Siccha-Ramirez et al. 2023:244 [ref. 40816]). Current status: Valid as Syacium ovale (Günther 1864). Cyclopsettidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of southern Baja California Sur (Mexico) south to northern Peru, including Gulf of California (Mexico) and Galapagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

paetulus, Hemirhombus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] (ex Bean) 1882:304 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 5 (no. 282); ref. 2472] Pensacola, Florida, U.S.A. Syntypes: (several) USNM 30180 (1). Description involves other specimens than those used by Goode and Bean, so authorship is attributed to Jordan & Gilbert. Also appeared (later in same journal) as new in Goode & Bean 1882:414 [ref. 1840] based on USNM 30180. •Synonym of Syacium papillosum (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Murakami & Amaoka 1992:74 [ref. 19779]). Current status: Synonym of Syacium papillosum (Linnaeus 1758). Cyclopsettidae. Habitat: marine.

papillosus, Pleuronectes Linnaeus [C.] (ex Markgraf von Liebstadt) 1758:271 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] America (is Brazil). No types known. Based on the ‘Aramaca brasiliensibus’ of Markgraf von Liebstadt 1648:181, fig. [ref. 30347]. •Valid as Syacium papillosum (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Gutherz 1967:38 [ref. 23862], Fraser 1971:500 [ref. 21277], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:456 [ref. 14275], Robins & Ray 1986:293 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:177 [ref. 23239], Murakami & Amaoka 1992:78 [ref. 19779], Cervigón 1992:279 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1996:67 [ref. 24489], Evseenko 1996:726 [ref. 24666], Evseenko 1998:58 [ref. 23643], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:478 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:341 [ref. 25013], Keith et al. 2000:208 [ref. 24547], Saavedra-Díaz et al. 2000:308 [ref. 24565], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:170 [ref. 27754], Camargo & Isaac 2001:144 [ref. 27639], Munroe 2003:1921 [ref. 27118], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:106 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:180 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:860 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:186 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:85 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33516], Lins Oliveira et al. 2015:181 [ref. 37485], Munroe in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:3000 [ref. 34618], Spier et al. 2018:18 [ref. 36103], Carneiro et al. 2019:188 [ref. 37250], Rotundo et al. in Marceniuk et al. 2021:389 [ref. 38945], Carvalho-Filho 2023:272 [ref. 40480], Hoff et al. 2023:6 [ref. 40463]). Current status: Valid as Syacium papillosum (Linnaeus 1758). Cyclopsettidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U.S.A.) south to Santa Catarina (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea; southern-central Atlantic: Ascension Island. Habitat: marine.

soleaeformis, Rhombus Agassiz [L.] in Spix & Agassiz 1831:86, Pl. 47 [Selecta genera et species piscium quos in itinere per Brasiliam; ref. 13] Atlantic off Brazil. No types known. •Synonym of Syacium papillosum (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Murakami & Amaoka 1992:74 [ref. 19779]). Current status: Synonym of Syacium papillosum (Linnaeus 1758). Cyclopsettidae. Habitat: marine.


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