Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 6 February 2024

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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laevis, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:431, 477, Pl. 23 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Grand golfe de l'lnde [Indian Ocean]. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:98 [ref. 19171], Bauchot et al. 1984:42 [ref. 19232]. Original spelling lævis. Based on a description and illustration in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). •Valid as Plectropomus laevis (Lacepède 1801) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1986:535 [ref. 5667], Randall & Hoese 1986:12 [ref. 6009], Paxton et al. 1989:499 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:26 [ref. 13251], Lee 1990:59 [ref. 19830], Randall et al. 1990:117 [ref. 15987], Randall & Heemstra 1991:292 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:290 [ref. 21042], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:244 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:88 [ref. 23977], Machida et al. 1997:53 [ref. 25135], Kuiter 1997:106 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:117 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:116 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:204 [ref. 24106], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2532 [ref. 24815], Randall 1999:12 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:709 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:610 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:190 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:75 [ref. 25480], Hutchins 2001:262 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:709 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:621 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3319 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:165 [ref. 28239], Hoese et al. 2006:1021 [ref. 28999], Fricke et al. 2009:48 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:99 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:386 [ref. 31242], Craig et al. 2011:333 [ref. 31786], Allen & Erdmann 2012:282 [ref. 31980], Nair et al. 2013:3 [ref. 32542], Fricke et al. 2013:257 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2015:20 [ref. 34709], Koeda et al. 2016:28 [ref. 35333], Motomura et al. 2017:90 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:156 [ref. 35805], Ma & Craig 2018:456 [ref. 36100], Fricke et al. 2019:121 [ref. 36673], Parenti & Randall 2020:92 [ref. 37354], Akhilesh et al. 2021:55 [ref. 38701], Heemstra 2022:75 [ref. 39742]). Current status: Valid as Plectropomus laevis (Lacepède 1801). Epinephelidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa (Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya), Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius, Rodrigues) east to Oeno (Pitcairn Group), north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Rapa (French Polynesia). Habitat: marine.


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