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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Botiidae: [ 101 ] records


almorhae, Botia Gray [J. E.] 1831:8 [Zoological Miscellany 1831; ref. 1879] Almorah [Almorha], Uttar Pradesh, northern India. Holotype (unique): BMNH 2002.9.18.1. •Valid as Botia almorhae Gray 1831 -- (Shrestha 1978:37 [ref. 15970], Menon 1992:32 [ref. 23970], Kullander et al. 1999:137 [ref. 23689], Menon 1999:155 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:31 [ref. 25662], Nalbant 2002:318 [ref. 27361], Mirza 2003:12 [ref. 27265], Kottelat 2004:12 [ref. 27360], Ng 2007:42 [ref. 29316], Grant 2007:25 [ref. 29922], Shrestha 2008:142 [ref. 29923], Kottelat 2012:15 [ref. 32367], Gurung et al. 2013:4883 [ref. 32969], Bleher 2018:270 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Botia almorhae Gray 1831. Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Himalaya Foothills, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and Nepal. Habitat: freshwater.

banarescui, Leptobotia Nalbant [T. T.] 1965:2, Figs. 4-9 [Annotationes Zoologicae et Botanicae No. 11; ref. 9236] Yangtse River, Wutchang (Uhan), Hupeh Province, China. Holotype (unique): IBTS 1331 [or 1332]. •Valid as Parabotia banarescui (Nalbant 1965) -- (Zhu 1995:123 [ref. 25213], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:16 [ref. 27360], Naseka & Bogutskaya 2004:283 [ref. 27838], Yang & Chen 2004:173 [ref. 27902], Zhu & Zhu 2012:449 [ref. 32194], Kottelat 2012:18 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34477] as bănărescu, Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628]). Current status: Valid as Parabotia banarescui (Nalbant 1965). Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

beauforti, Botia Smith [H. M.] 1931:2, Fig. 1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 79 (no. 2873); ref. 4047] Tadi Stream, Ban Kiriwong, Nakhon Si Thammarat [Nakon Sritamarat] Province, Malay Peninsula, Thailand. Holotype (unique): USNM 90285. •Valid as Botia beauforti Smith 1931 -- (Zhu 1995:121 [ref. 25213], Rainboth 1996:132 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:15 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:96 [ref. 23436], Freyhof et al. 2000:96 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:88 [ref. 25780], Zhang et al. 2016:154 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Hymenophysa beauforti (Smith 1931) -- (Nalbant 2002:317 [ref. 27361] but misspelled beaforti). •Valid as Syncrossus beauforti (Smith 1931) -- (Kottelat 2013:175 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:45 [ref. 33971], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628]). Current status: Valid as Syncrossus beauforti (Smith 1931). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia; Thailand, Xe Bangfai and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

bellacauda, Leptobotia Bohlen [J.] & Šlechtová [V.] 2016:65, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa 4205 (no. 1); ref. 34953] Anhui province, Quipu River in Shitai County (Yangtze drainage), China. Holotype: SNHM 20160220. Paratypes: IAPG, SNHM, ZRC. •Valid as Leptobotia bellacauda Bohlen & Šlechtová 2016 -- (Bohlen & Šlechtová 2017:95 [ref. 35233]). Current status: Valid as Leptobotia bellacauda Bohlen & Šlechtová 2016. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: Quipu River, China. Habitat: freshwater.

berdmorei, Syncrossus Blyth [E.] 1860:166 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Tenasserim provinces, Myanmar. Syntypes: ?AMS B.7786 (1) Moulmein, ZSI F2636/1 (4). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:120 [ref. 20743]. See Grant 2007:44-45 [ref. 29922] for comments on the type locality. •Valid as Botia berdmorei (Blyth 1860) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:536 [ref. 20764], Menon 1992:46 [ref. 23970], Zhu 1995:121 [ref. 25213], Doi 1997:15 [ref. 22832], Chen & Zhang in Chen 1998:84 [ref. 23556], Menon 1999:156 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:31 [ref. 25662], Zhang et al. 2016:154 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Hymenophysa berdmorei (Blyth 1860) -- (Nalbant 2002:317 [ref. 27361], Nalbant 2004:270 [ref. 28547]). •Valid as Syncrossus berdmorei Blyth 1860 -- (Kottelat 2004:14 [ref. 27360], Grant 2007:44 [ref. 29922], Kottelat 2012:19 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:175 [ref. 32989], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628], Bleher 2018:288 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Syncrossus berdmorei Blyth 1860. Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: India and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

bimaculata, Parabotia Chen [J.-X.] 1980:11 [English p. 23], Fig. 3 [Zoological Research v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 23120] Szechuan, China. Syntypes: IAHSW 58426 (1), 58530 (1), 59532-36 (5), 585243-44 (2), 584284 (1), 3023 (1), 3029 (1), 3053 (1), 3057 (1). •Valid as Parabotia bimaculata Chen 1980 -- (Ding 1994:100 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:123 [ref. 25213], Kottelat 2004:16 [ref. 27360], Yang & Chen 2004:173 [ref. 27902], Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361], Zhang et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34477], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628]). •Valid as Parabotia bimaculatus Chen 1980 -- (Kottelat 2012:18 [ref. 32367]). Current status: Valid as Parabotia bimaculatus Chen 1980. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

birdi, Botia Chaudhuri [B. L.] 1910:339 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 3 (pt 4) (art. 26) (for Dec. 1909); ref. 14432] Rupar, where the Sirhind Canal diverges from the Sutlej, Punjab, India. Syntypes: ZSI F3578/1 to 3580/1 (3). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:120 [ref. 20743]. •Valid as Botia birdi Chaudhuri 1910 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:536 [ref. 20764], Menon 1992:36 [ref. 23970], Kullander et al. 1999:135 [ref. 23689], Menon 1999:156 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:324 [ref. 25220], Karmakar 2000:31 [ref. 25662], Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173], Mirza 2003:13 [ref. 27265], Kottelat 2004:12 [ref. 27360], Ng 2007:47 [ref. 29316], Grant 2007:31 [ref. 29922], Kottelat 2012:15 [ref. 32367], Bleher 2018:272 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Botia birdi Chaudhuri 1910. Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Indus River drainage, Pakistan and India. Habitat: freshwater.

blythi, Botia Bleeker [P.] 1863:39 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeling Natuurkunde. v. 15; ref. 400] Almorah, Uttarakhand, India. Syntypes: BMNH 2002.9.18.1 (1). Based on Schistura grandis of McClelland and Syncrossus grandis of Blyth, which are not Botia grandis Gray 1832. See Grant 2007:21 [ref. 29922] for remarks on the type locality. See Kottelat 2012:15 [ref. 32367]. •Nomen dubium in Botia -- (Grant 2007:21 [ref. 29922]). •Synonym of Botia almorhae Gray 1831 -- (Kottelat 2012:15 [ref. 32367]). Current status: Synonym of Botia almorhae Gray 1831. Botiidae: Botiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

brachycephala, Leptobotia Guo [D.-M.] & Zhang [E] 2021:96, Fig. 4 [ZooKeys No. 1017; ref. 38147] A stream discharging into the Ou-Jiang, Qingtian County, Zhejiang Province, China, 28°10'20"N, 120°12'51"E. Holotype: IHB 201909037510. Paratypes: IHB 2017056858 (1), 2017056869-80 (12). Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Leptobotia brachycephala Guo & Zhang 2021. Current status: Valid as Leptobotia brachycephala Guo & Zhang 2021. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: Ou-Jiang and Qu-Jiang drainages, southern Zhejiang Province, China Habitat: freshwater.

brevirostris, Parabotia Zhu [D.-G.] & Zhu [Y.] 2012:448, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of Yunnan Agricultural University (Natural Sciences) v. 27 (no. 3); ref. 32194] Hongshui River, Pearl River drainage, Du'an County, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. Holotype: FLFS 2008005. Paratypes: FLFS 2008003-2008004 (2). •Valid as Parabotia brevirostris Zhu & Zhu 2012 -- (Kottelat 2012:18 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Parabotia brevirostris Zhu & Zhu 2012. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: Hongshui River, Pearl River drainage, China. Habitat: freshwater.

caudipunctata, Botia Taki [Y.] & Doi [A.] 1995:150, Fig. 3 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 42 (no. 2); ref. 21740] Mekong River at Hatsalao, near Pakse, Laos. Holotype: NSMT-P 35935. Paratypes: AMNH 97708 (3); BMNH 1995.4.24.1-5 (5); CAS 82271 (3); FMNH 105088 (3); KUFM 3075 (3); MNHN 1995-0431 to 0433 (3); NSMT-P 35936-37 (25, 6), 35938-39 (1 c&s, 6); RMNH 32666 (3); USNM 336716 (3); ZMA 121536 (3); ZRC 38693 (3). Grant 2001:5 [ref. 28264] wrongly regards MNHN 1995-0432 as the lectotype. •Valid as Botia caudipunctata Taki & Doi 1995 -- (Doi 1997:15 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:96 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2001:88 [ref. 25780], Grant 2001:5 [ref. 28264]). •Valid as Yasuhikotakia caudipunctata Taki & Doi 1995 -- (Nalbant 2002:317 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:14 [ref. 27360], Kottelat 2012:20 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:175 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:45 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Yasuhikotakia caudipunctata (Taki & Doi 1995). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

cha-ny, Cobitis Dabry de Thiersant [P.] 1872:191 [La pisciculture et la pêche en Chine; ref. 12507] As Cha-ny, not latinized. Not available, vernacular only. •In the synonymy of Leptobotia taeniops (Sauvage 1878) -- (Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Kottelat 2012:17 [ref. 32367]). •Not treated in Zhang et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34477]. Current status: Synonym of Leptobotia taeniops (Sauvage 1878). Botiidae: Leptobotiinae.

cheni, Nemacheilus Herre [A. W. C. T.] & Lin [S.-Y.] 1936:20, Figs. 6-6a [Bulletin of the Chekiang Provincial Fisheries Experiment Station, Tinghai, Chekiang, China v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 10995] Upper Tsien Tang River, Chekiang Province, China. Holotype: not researched. Paratypes: (2) CAS-SU 35257 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:40 [ref. 12291]. •Status uncertain in Leptobotia Bleeker 1870 -- (Kottelat 2012:16 [ref. 32367]). Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

citrauratea, Botia Nichols [J. T.] 1925:5 [American Museum Novitates No. 177; ref. 3179] Tungting Lake, Hunan Province, China. Holotype: AMNH 8402. •Synonym of Leptobotia elongata (Bleeker 1870) -- (Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Kottelat 2012:16 [ref. 32367]). •Valid as Leptobotia citrauratea (Nichols 1925) -- (Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361], Bohlen & Šlechtová 2017:90 [ref. 35233], Guo & Zhang 2021:92 [ref. 38147]). Current status: Valid as Leptobotia citrauratea (Nichols 1925). Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: Tungting Lake [Dongting Lake] basin (Hunan Province) and Poyang Lake basin (Jiangxi Province), southern China. Habitat: freshwater.

compressicauda, Botia Nichols [J. T.] 1931:2 [American Museum Novitates No. 449; ref. 16310] Chungan Hsien, northwestern Fukien Province, China. Holotype: AMNH 9682. Paratypes: (8) AMNH 11131 (7). •Synonym of Leptobotia tientainensis (Wu 1930), but a valid subspecies -- (Zhu 1995:125 [ref. 25213], Li et al. 2008:632 [ref. 29976]). •Valid as Leptobotia compressicauda (Nichols 1931) -- (Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361]). •Not treated in Zhang et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34477]. •Synonym of Leptobotia tientainensis (Wu 1930) -- (Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Kottelat 2012:17 [ref. 32367], Bohlen & Šlechtová 2017:99 [ref. 35233]). Current status: Synonym of Leptobotia tientainensis (Wu 1930). Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

curta, Cobitis Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846:223, Pl. 103 (figs. 4-4a) [Fauna Japonica Parts 10-14; ref. 4374] Near Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype (unique): RMNH 2708. Type catalog: Boeseman 1947:167 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Hymenophysa curta (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Okada 1961:551 [ref. 6363]). •Valid as Leptobotia curta (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Sawada in Masuda et al. 1984:58 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:381 [ref. 25598], Zhu 1995:125 [ref. 25213], Watanabe 1998:263 [ref. 23491], Nakabo 2000:272 [ref. 25086], Matsuura et al. 2000:170 [ref. 26000], Nakabo 2002:272 [ref. 26001], Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Li et al. 2008:632 [ref. 29976]). •Valid as Parabotia curtus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361] as curta, Nalbant 2004:271 [ref. 28547] as curta, Watanabe et al. 2009:421 [ref. 30549] as curta, Kottelat 2012:18 [ref. 32367]). Current status: Valid as Parabotia curtus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846). Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: Japan. Habitat: freshwater.

dario, Cobitis Hamilton [F.] 1822:354, 394, Pl. 29 (fig. 95) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Dumdumma, Bengal, India. No types known. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:46 [ref. 37532]. Hamilton's original illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 220 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Botia dario (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:154 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:537 [ref. 20764], Menon 1992:39 [ref. 23970], Sen 1995:556 [ref. 23778], Menon 1999:157 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:31 [ref. 25662], Nalbant 2002:318 [ref. 27361], Ataur Rahman 2003:173 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2004:12 [ref. 27360], Ng 2007:42 [ref. 29316], Grant 2007:9 [ref. 29922], Shrestha 2008:142 [ref. 29923], Kottelat 2012:15 [ref. 32367], Ahmed et al. 2013:286 [ref. 32872], Gurung et al. 2013:4883 [ref. 32969], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628], Bleher 2018:274 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Botia dario (Hamilton 1822). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Upper Brahmaputra basin, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and India. Habitat: freshwater.

dayi, Botia Hora [S. L.] 1932:571 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 34 (pt 4); ref. 16376] Mahananda [at Siliguri, at base of Darjiling [Darjeeing]], Himalayas, West Bengal, India. Holotype: ZSI F11299/1. Paratypes: (6) ZSI F113000/1 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:120 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:352 [ref. 27706]. See Grant 2007:20 [ref. 29922] for locality information with probable correction to the Mahananda River [locality changed 2/10/14].. •Synonym of Botia almorhae Gray 1831 -- (Menon 1992:33 [ref. 23970]). •Valid as Botia dayi Hora 1932 -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:156 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:538 [ref. 20764], Karmakar 2000:31 [ref. 25662], Nalbant 2002:318 [ref. 27361] dated 1930, Ataur Rahman 2003:175 [ref. 31338], Bleher 2018:281 [ref. 36647]). •Questionably a synonym of Botia almorhae Gray 1831 -- (Kottelat 2004:12 [ref. 27360]). •Synonym of Botia rostrata Günther 1868 -- (Grant 2007:13, 18 [ref. 29922], Kottelat 2012:16 [ref. 32367]). Current status: Synonym of Botia rostrata Günther 1868. Botiidae: Botiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

dubia, Parabotia Kottelat [M.] 2001:51 [Freshwater fishes of northern Vietnam. A preliminary check-list; ref. 25482] Chay River (Dâp Thác Bà), northern Vietnam. Holotype (unique): DVZUT. Replacement name for Botia elongata Mai 1978, preoccupied by Botia elongata Bleeker 1870. •Status uncertain, possibly a synonym of Parabotia fasciata Dabry de Thiersant 1872 -- (Kottelat 2001:51 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2004:16 [ref. 27360]). •Valid as Parabotia dubius Kottelat 2001 -- (Kottelat 2012:18 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:174 [ref. 32989]). Replacement Name. Current status: Valid as Parabotia dubius Kottelat 2001. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

elongata, Botia Bleeker [P.] 1870:254, 2nd pl. (top fig.) [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 4; ref. 5871] Chang-Jiang [Yangtze River], China. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-5930. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:94 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Leptobotia elongata (Bleeker 1870) -- (Ding 1994:104 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:124 [ref. 25213], Chen & Zhang in Chen 1998:88 [ref. 23556], Yue & Chen 1998:203 [ref. 26415], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Kottelat 2001:50 [ref. 25482] as cf. elongata, Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Naseka & Bogutskaya 2004:283 [ref. 27838], Li et al. 2008:631 [ref. 29976], Kottelat 2012:16 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:155 [ref. 34477], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628], Bohlen & Šlechtová 2017:95 [ref. 35233], Zhang et al. 2019:403 [ref. 36699], Guo & Zhang 2021:105 [ref. 38147]). Current status: Valid as Leptobotia elongata (Bleeker 1870). Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: Upper Yangtze River basin, China. Habitat: freshwater.

elongata, Botia Mai [D. Y.] 1978:240, Fig. 110 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Chay River (Dâp Thác Bà), northern Vietnam. Holotype (unique): DVZUT. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Botia elongata Bleeker 1870, replaced by Parabotia dubia Kottelat 2001:51 [ref. 25482]. •Possibly a synonym of Parabotia fasciata Dabry de Thiersant 1872 -- (Kottelat 2001:51 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2004:16 [ref. 27360]). •Synonym of Parabotia dubius Kottelat 2001 -- (Kottelat 2001:51 [ref. 25482] as dubia). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Parabotia dubius Kottelat 2001. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

eos, Botia Taki [Y.] 1972:66, Figs. 1, 2C, 3C [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 19 (no. 2); ref. 7649] Nam Ngum River, northern Vientiane, Laos. Holotype: NSMT-P 14537. Paratypes: ANSP 109914 (2), 109915 (2); IBRP 3249 (1), 3286 (2), 3290 (1), 4355 (1), 4556 (7, 1 c&s), 5246 (11, 1 c&s); NSMT-P 14538-39 (1, 2), NSMT-P [? ex IBRP] 35324-26 (12, 2, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:63 [ref. 13621]. Grant 2001:4 [ref. 28264] wrongly regards ANSP 109914 as lectotype. •Valid as Botia eos Taki 1972 -- (Taki & Doi 1995:147 [ref. 21740], Rainboth 1996:132 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:15 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:96 [ref. 23436], Freyhof et al. 2000:96 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:88 [ref. 25780], Grant 2001:4 [ref. 28264]). •Valid as Yasuhikotakia eos (Taki 1972) -- (Nalbant 2002:317 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:14 [ref. 27360], Kottelat 2012:20 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:176 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:45 [ref. 33971], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628]). Current status: Valid as Yasuhikotakia eos (Taki 1972). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

fangi, Botia Tchang [T.-L.] 1930:51, Fig. 5 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 55 (no. 1); ref. 4366] Szechuan, China. Paratypes: MNHN 1934-0174 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:94 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Leptobotia fangi (Dabry de Thiersant 1872) -- (Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361]). •Synonym of Leptobotia rubrilabris (Dabry de Thiersant 1872) -- (Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Kottelat 2012:17 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Leptobotia rubrilabris (Dabry de Thiersant 1872). Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciatus, Parabotia Dabry de Thiersant [P.] (ex Guichenot) 1872:191, Pl. 49 (fig. 7) [La pisciculture et la pêche en Chine; ref. 12507] Chang Jiang [Yangtze River], China. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-5088. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:92 [ref. 19574]. See also Vasil'eva 1998:101 [ref. 23591]. •Valid as Parabotia fasciatus Dabry de Thiersant 1872 (often seen as fasciata) -- (Zheng et al. 1989:53 [ref. 21202], Ye in Pan et al. 1991:249 [ref. 23876], Ding 1994:100 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:123 [ref. 25213], Cheng & Zhou 1997:197 [ref. 26385], Wang et al. 2001:172 [ref. 26566], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Kottelat 2001:50 [ref. 25482] as aff. fasciata, Kottelat 2004:16 [ref. 27360], Naseka & Bogutskaya 2004:283 [ref. 27838], Yang & Chen 2004:173 [ref. 27902], Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361], Bogutskaya et al. 2008:336 [ref. 30085], Zhu & Zhu 2012:449 [ref. 32194], Kottelat 2012:18 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:174 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34477], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628], Zhang et al. 2019:413 [ref. 36699]). Current status: Valid as Parabotia fasciatus Dabry de Thiersant 1872. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: Yangtze River basin, China. Habitat: freshwater.

flavicauda, Canthophrys (Diacantha) Swainson [W.] 1839:310 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] •Objective synonym of Botia dario (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1992:39 [ref. 23970], Menon 1999:157 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2004:12 [ref. 27360], Kottelat 2012:15 [ref. 32367]). Current status: Synonym of Botia dario (Hamilton 1822). Botiidae: Botiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

flavolineata, Leptobotia Wang [H.-Y.] 1981:1 [English p. 3], 2 Figs. [Memoirs of the Beijing Natural History Museum No. 12; ref. 8403] Juma River, Shidu, Fangshan County, Beijing, China. Holotype: BMAM 772196. Also appeared in Wang 1984:78 [ref. 22951]. •Valid as Leptobotia flavolineata Wang 1981 -- (Wang 1984:78 [ref. 22951], Zhu 1995:125 [ref. 25213], Wang et al. 2001:174 [ref. 26566], Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Li et al. 2008:632 [ref. 29976], Kottelat 2012:16 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:155 [ref. 34477], Bohlen & Šlechtová 2017:95 [ref. 35233]). Current status: Valid as Leptobotia flavolineata Wang 1981. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

formosa, Botia beauforti var. Pellegrin [J.] & Fang [P.-W.] 1940:119, Fig. 5 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 65; ref. 3418] Ban Nam Khueng, Mekong, 30 kilometers northeast of Ban Houei Sai, Laos. Syntypes: MNHN 1939-0218 to 0220 (5). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:92 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Botia beauforti Smith 1931 -- (Kottelat 2001:88 [ref. 25780]). •Synonym of Syncrossus beauforti (Smith 1931) -- (Kottelat 2004:14 [ref. 27360]). •Valid as Syncrossus formosus (Pellegrin & Fang 1940) -- (Grant 2007:48 [ref. 29922]). •Valid as Synchossus lucasbahi (Fowler 1937) -- (Kottelat 2012:19 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:175 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Syncrossus lucasbahi (Fowler 1937). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Lower Mekong River system: Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and southern Vietnam (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

geto, Cobitis Hamilton [F.] 1822:355, 394, Pl. 11 (fig. 96) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Brahmaputra River, at Gualpara [Goalpara], Assam, India. No types known. Simultaneous synonym of Cobitis dario Hamilton 1822 selected by Günther 1868:366. Information on type locality see Britz 2019:46 [ref. 37532]. Hamilton's original illustration reproduced by Britz 2019:Pl. 222 [ref. 37532]. •Valid as Botia geto (Hamilton 1822) -- (Nalbant 2002:318 [ref. 27361], Shrestha 2008:142 [ref. 29923], Bleher 2018:276 [ref. 36647]). •Synonym of Botia dario (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:537 [ref. 20764], Menon 1992:39 [ref. 23970], Menon 1999:157 [ref. 24904], Ataur Rahman 2003:173 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2004:12 [ref. 27360], Grant 2007:9 [ref. 29922], Kottelat 2012:15 [ref. 32367]). Current status: Synonym of Botia dario (Hamilton 1822). Botiidae: Botiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

gigantea, Botia Mai [D. Y.] 1978:239, Fig. 109 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] North Vietnam. Holotype (unique): DVZUT. •Probably a synonym of Botia pulchra Wu 1939 -- (Kottelat 2001:49 [ref. 25482]). •Synonym of Botia pulchra Wu 1939 -- (Zhang et al. 2016:154 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Sinibotia pulchra (Wu 1939) -- (Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Kottelat 2012:19 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:175 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Sinibotia pulchra (Wu 1939). Botiidae: Botiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

grandis, Botia Gray [J. E.] 1832:no page number, Pl. 94 (fig. 3) [Illustrations of Indian zoology; ref. 1878] Almorah [Almorha], Uttar Pradesh, northern India. Holotype (unique): BMNH 2002.9.18.1. Published about 14 Apr. 1832. Based on the holotype specimen of Botia almorhae. •Objective synonym of Botia almorhae Gray 1831 -- (Menon 1992:32 [ref. 23970], Menon 1999:155 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2004:12 [ref. 27360], Grant 2007:25 [ref. 29922], Kottelat 2012:15 [ref. 32367]). Current status: Synonym of Botia almorhae Gray 1831. Botiidae: Botiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

guilinensis, Leptobotia Chen [J.-X.] 1980:15 [Engl. p. 24], Fig. 5 [Zoological Research v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 23120] Guilin City, Guangxi Province, China. Syntypes (?): IAHSW 587705 (1), 587712 (1), 587809 (1), 587827(1), 7541652 (1), 7541654-56( 3), 4541705-07 (3), 7541709-10 (2), 7541712, 7542223-24 (2). Original says: measuring material: 16 specimens, with no specification of types. •Valid as Leptobotia guilinensis Chen 1980 -- (Zheng et al. 1989:57 [ref. 21202], Ding 1994:108 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:124 [ref. 25213], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Li et al. 2008:631 [ref. 29976], Kottelat 2012:16 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:155 [ref. 34477], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628], Bohlen & Šlechtová 2016:72 [ref. 34953], Bohlen & Šlechtová 2017:95 [ref. 35233], Guo & Zhang 2021:107 [ref. 38147]). Current status: Valid as Leptobotia guilinensis Chen 1980. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: Guangxi Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

hansuiensis, Leptobotia tientainensis Fang [S.-M.] & Hsu [T.-C.] 1980:265, Fig. 1 [Zoological Research v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 21316] Langao, Shaanxi Province, China. Holotype: Inst. Zool. Shaanxi Prov. 790236. Paratypes: Inst. Zool. Shaanxi Prov. 790237-241 (5), 790938-39 (2); IHASW 790940-41 (1, 1). •Synonym of Leptobotia tientainensis (Wu 1930), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Ding 1994:110 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:124 [ref. 25213], Li et al. 2008:632 [ref. 29976]). •Synonym of Leptobotia tientainensis (Wu 1930) -- (Kottelat 2012:18 [ref. 32367], Bohlen & Šlechtová 2017:99 [ref. 35233]). •Valid as Leptobotia hansuiensis Fang & Hsu 1980 -- (Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361] as Fang & Xu 1988, Zhang et al. 2016:155 [ref. 34477], Meng et al. 2020:120 [ref. 37541]). Current status: Valid as Leptobotia hansuiensis Fang & Hsu 1980. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: Han-jiang drainage, Yangtze River basin, China. Habitat: freshwater.

helodes, Botia Sauvage [H.-E.] 1876:99 [3] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (6th Série) v. 13; ref. 19811] Rizière de Tma-Kré, Cambodia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-8595. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:92 [ref. 19574]. On p. 3 of separate. •Valid as Botia helodes Sauvage 1876 -- (Kottelat 1984:807 [ref. 11440], Rainboth 1996:133 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:15 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:96 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2001:88 [ref. 25780]). •Valid as Hymenophysa helodes (Sauvage 1876) -- (Nalbant 2002:317 [ref. 27361]). •Valid as Syncrossus helodes (Sauvage 1876) -- (Kottelat 2004:14 [ref. 27360], Grant 2007:42 [ref. 29922], Kottelat 2012:19 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:175 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:45 [ref. 33971], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628]). Current status: Valid as Syncrossus helodes (Sauvage 1876). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Asia: Thailand, Cambodia, Laos and southern Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

hengyangensis, Leptobotia Huang [H.-J.] & Zhang [W.] 1986:99 [Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 16243] Xiang-jiang system, Heng-yang, Hunan, China. Syntypes: IHASW 80013 (1), 80037 (1). •Valid as Leptobotia hengyangensis Huang & Zhang 1986 -- (Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Li et al. 2008:631 [ref. 29976], Kottelat 2012:17 [ref. 32367], Bohlen & Šlechtová 2016:72 [ref. 34953], Bohlen & Šlechtová 2017:95 [ref. 35233], Guo & Zhang 2021:107 [ref. 38147]). Current status: Valid as Leptobotia hengyangensis Huang & Zhang 1986. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: Xiang River drainage, Hunan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

heterocheila, Parabotia Zhu [S.-Q.] & Chen [X.-H.] in Ni & Wu 2006:383, Fig. 180 [Fishes of Jiangsu Province; ref. 32368] Nanjing Municipality, Xi Jiang stream near its mouth, a small tributary of Chiang Jiang River, at Jiangpu, Jiangsu, China. Holotype: FFRIJ 200211001. •Valid as Parabotia heterocheilus Zhu & Chen 2006 -- (Kottelat 2012:18 [ref. 32367]). Current status: Valid as Parabotia heterocheilus Zhu & Chen 2006. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

hexafurca, Botia Mai [D. Y.] 1978:238, Fig. 108 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Tây-Giang (Hsi-Chiang or West River), China. Syntypes: DVZUT. •Synonym of Botia robusta Wu 1939 -- (Kottelat 2001:49 [ref. 25482], Zhang et al. 2016:154 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Sinibotia robusta (Wu 1939) -- (Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Kottelat 2012:19 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:175 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Sinibotia robusta (Wu 1939). Botiidae: Botiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

histrionica, Botia Blyth [E.] 1860:166 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Pegu, Tenasserim, Myanmar. Holotype: ZSI F2634/1. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:120 [ref. 20743]. •Valid as Botia histrionica Blyth 1860 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:539 [ref. 20764], Menon 1992:41 [ref. 23970], Sen 1995:557 [ref. 23778], Zhu 1995:122 [ref. 25213], Doi 1997:15 [ref. 22832], Chen & Zhang in Chen 1998:87 [ref. 23556], Menon 1999:158 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:31 [ref. 25662], Nalbant 2002:318 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:12 [ref. 27360], Ng 2007:47 [ref. 29316], Grant 2007:34 [ref. 29922] with several forms, Shrestha 2008:143 [ref. 29923], Kottelat 2012:16 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:174 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:154 [ref. 34477], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628], Bleher 2018:278 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Botia histrionica Blyth 1860. Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Chindwin and Salween River basins, Nepal, India and Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

hopeiensis, Leptobotia Shaw [T.-H.] & Tchang [T.-L.] 1931:70, Figs. 3-4 [Bulletin of the Fan Memorial Institute of Biology, Peiping (Zoological Series) v. 2 (no. 5); ref. 16334] Sha-Ho River, Hopei, China. Holotype (unique): ZMFMIB (now ASIZB) 5378. •Synonym of Leptobotia mantschurica (Berg 1907) -- (Berg 1949:888 [ref. 20661], Vasil'eva 1998:101 [ref. 23591]). •Synonym of Parabotia fasciatus Dabry de Thiersant 1872 -- (Kottelat 2004:16 [ref. 27360] as fasciata, Kottelat 2012:18 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:175 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34477] as fasciata). Current status: Synonym of Parabotia fasciatus Dabry de Thiersant 1872. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

horae, Botia Smith [H. M.] 1931:4, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 79 (no. 2873); ref. 4047] West fork (Kwe Noi) of Meklong River, Thailand. Holotype: USNM 90286. Paratypes: KUMF 0166 (1), USNM (1). Type catalog: Vilasri et al. 2018:56 [ref. 36451]. The spelling horae is acceptable; early workers almost certainly Latinized the name first, and then added an 'e' (Art. 31.1.1) [WNE, 12 Mar. 2012] -- we suggest using horae when the species is treated as valid. •Synonym of Botia morleti Tirant 1885 -- (Kottelat 1987:17 [ref. 11434], Kottelat 2001:89 [ref. 25780]). •Synonym of Yasuhikotakia morleti (Tirant 1885) -- (Kottelat 2004:14 [ref. 27360], Kottelat 2012:20 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:176 [ref. 32989], Vilasri et al. 2018:56 [ref. 36451]). Current status: Synonym of Yasuhikotakia morleti (Tirant 1885). Botiidae: Botiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

hymenophysa, Cobitis Bleeker [P.] 1852:602 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 334] Palembang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 7059. Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1866.5.2.72 (1), not MNHN 0000-3929 (1) Borneo, RMNH 9102 [ex 7059] (12), SMNS 10601 (2). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:91 [ref. 19574], Alfred 1961:33 [ref. 20552], Fricke 2005:29 [ref. 29864]. Fricke 2005:29 [ref. 29864] regards SMNS 10601 as a syntype. •Valid as Botia hymenophysa (Bleeker 1852) -- (Kottelat 1984:807 [ref. 11440], Roberts 1989:101 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:59 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:237 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:15 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:96 [ref. 23436]). •Valid as Hymenophysa hymenophysa (Bleeker 1852) -- (Nalbant 2002:317 [ref. 27361], Nalbant 2004:270 [ref. 28547]). •Valid as Syncrossus hymenophysa (Bleeker 1852) -- (Kottelat 2004:14 [ref. 27360], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:159 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:187 [ref. 28285], Grant 2007:43 [ref. 29922], Tan & Kottelat 2009:57 [ref. 30261], Kottelat 2012:19 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:175 [ref. 32989], Ng et al. 2019:519 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Syncrossus hymenophysa (Bleeker 1852). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Malaya (Malaysia), Sumatra and Borneo (Indonesia, Malaysia). Habitat: freshwater.

intermedia, Leptobotia Mori [T.] 1929:384 [Japanese Journal of Zoology v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 15911] Tsi-nan, Shantung, northern China. Holotype (unique): not researched. •Synonym of Parabotia fasciata Dabry de Thiersant 1872 -- (Kottelat 2004:16 [ref. 27360]). •Synonym of Parabotia fasciatus Dabry de Thiersant 1872 -- (Kottelat 2012:18 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:175 [ref. 32989]). •Not treated in Zhang et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34477]. Current status: Synonym of Parabotia fasciatus Dabry de Thiersant 1872. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

javedi, Botia Mirza [M. R.] & Syed [S.] 1995:378, Fig. [Pakistan Journal of Zoology v. 27 (no. 4); ref. 22584] Michni, 34°11'N, 71°28'E, about 24 kilometers north of Peshawar, Kabul River drainage, Pakistan. Holotype (unique): GCM (NH) 17 F. •Valid as Botia javedi Mirza & Syed 1995 -- (Mirza 2003:13 [ref. 27265]). •Questionably a synonym of Botia birdi Chaudhuri 1910 -- (Kottelat 2004:12 [ref. 27360]). •Synonym of Botia birdi Chaudhuri 1909 -- (Kullander et al. 1999:135 [ref. 23689], Grant 2007:31, 32 [ref. 29922], Kottelat 2012:15 [ref. 32367]). Current status: Synonym of Botia birdi Chaudhuri 1910. Botiidae: Botiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

kiangsiensis, Parabotia Liu [R.-L.] & Guo [Z.-Z.] 1986:69 [Engl. 71], Fig. [Journal of the Jiangxi University (Natural Science) v. 10 (no. 4); ref. 29511] Sin River, Jiangxi, China. Syntypes: DBJU 840512 (1), 840513 (1), 815181(1), 815336 (1). No holotype was mentioned in the Chinese text; 4 species measured. •Valid as Parabotia kiangsiensis Liu & Guo 1986 -- (Kottelat 2012:18 [ref. 32367]). Current status: Valid as Parabotia kiangsiensis Liu & Guo 1986. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: Sin River, Jiangxi, China. Habitat: freshwater.

kimluani, Parabotia Nguyen [V. H.] 2005:553, Fig. 5 [Freshwater fishes of Vietnam v. 2; ref. 29730] Gâm River, Nà Hang, Tuyên Quang, Vietnam. Holotype: NCNTTS I, Bac Ninh. Paratypes: (1). •Questionably a synonym of Parabotia dubius Kottelat 2001 -- (Kottelat 2012:18 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:174 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Parabotia kimluani Nguyen 2005. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: Gam River, Na Hang district, Tuyên Quang Province, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

kolhapurensis, Botia striata var. Kalawar [A. G.] & Kelkar [C. N.] 1956:677 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 53 (pt 4); ref. 22854] Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India. Syntypes: 6750 specimens (not found). Types are no longer traceqaable -- Grant 2007:13 [ref. 29922]. •Synonym of Botia striata Narayan Rao 1920 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:541 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:158 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2004:12 [ref. 27360], Grant 2007:13 [ref. 29922], Kottelat 2012:16 [ref. 32367]). Current status: Synonym of Botia striata Narayan Rao 1920. Botiidae: Botiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

kubotai, Botia Kottelat [M.] 2004:2, Fig. 1 [Zootaxa No. 401; ref. 27360] About 20 kilometers northwest of Payathouzu (at border with Thailand), about 15°25'N, 98°15'E, between Kyondaw and Phadae, "Chon Son" stream, Kayin [Karen] State, Myanmar. Holotype: MHNG 2644.24. Paratypes: CMK 17774 (10), 17829 (3), 17943 (215); MHNG 2644.25 (10); NRM 49891 (10); ZRC 47858 (3), 49125 (10). •Valid as Botia kubotai Kottelat 2004 -- (Ng 2007:42, 47 [ref. 29316], Grant 2007:38 [ref. 29922], Kottelat 2012:16 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:124 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2013:173 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Botia kubotai Kottelat 2004. Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Headwaters of Ataran basin, Salween River system, Myanmar and Thailand (border area). Habitat: freshwater.

kudoii, Leptobotia Mori [T.] 1933:13, Fig. [Journal of the Chosen Natural History Society No. 16; ref. 16506] Sungari River near Kirin, Manchuria, China. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. Named for Prog. Kudo, so kudoii is correct. •Synonym of Parabotia fasciata Dabry de Thiersant 1872 -- (Kottelat 2004:16 [ref. 27360] as kudorii). •Synonym of Parabotia fasciatus Dabry de Thiersant 1872 -- (Kottelat 2012:18 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:175 [ref. 32989]). •Not treated in Zhang et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34477]. Current status: Synonym of Parabotia fasciatus Dabry de Thiersant 1872. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

kwangsiensis, Botia (Hymenophysa) Fang [P.-W.] 1936:13, Figs. 1-3 [Sinensia v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 1302] Ling-Yüng-shien, Nan-gning and Pai-sê of Kwangsi, China. Syntypes: AMNH 12971 [ex 1084] (1); MNHN 1940-0142 (1); NRIBAS M. 780, 808-809, 821-824, 907-909, 1084-1085, 1188-1189. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:92 [ref. 19574] with MNHN 1940-142 as holotype. •Synonym of Parabotia fasciatus Dabry de Thiersant 1872 -- (Zheng et al. 1989:53 [ref. 21202] as fasciata, Kottelat 2004:16 [ref. 27360] as fasciata, Kottelat 2012:18 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:175 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34477] as fasciata). Current status: Synonym of Parabotia fasciatus Dabry de Thiersant 1872. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

lani, Sinibotia Wu [T.-J.] & Yang [J.] 2019:98, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 4679 (no. 1); ref. 36988] Market in Longzhou County (probably Zuojiang River close to Longzhou), Guangxi, China, 22°20.75'N, 106°51.5'E. Holotype: NNU 201707001. Paratypes: NNU 201707002-008 (7). •Valid as Sinibotia lani Wu & Yang 2019. Current status: Valid as Sinibotia lani Wu & Yang 2019. Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Zuojiang River drainage, Pearl River basin, Guangxi, China. Habitat: freshwater.

lecontei, Botia Fowler [H. W.] 1937:156, Figs. 71-74 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Kemrat, Thailand. Holotype (unique): ANSP 68006. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:63 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Botia lecontei Fowler 1937 -- (Taki & Doi 1995:147 [ref. 21740], Rainboth 1996:133 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:15 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:96 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2001:88 [ref. 25780], Grant 2001:3 [ref. 28264]). •Valid as Yasuhikotakia lecontei (Fowler 1937) -- (Nalbant 2002:317 [ref. 27361] dated 1934, Kottelat 2004:14 [ref. 27360], Kottelat 2012:20 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:176 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:45 [ref. 33971], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628]). Current status: Valid as Yasuhikotakia lecontei (Fowler 1937). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

lijiangensis, Parabotia Chen [J.-X.] 1980:11 (English p. 24), Fig. 2 [Zoological Research v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 23120] Guilin, Guangxi, China. Syntypes: IAHSW 587746 (1), 587780 (1), 587782 (1), 587802 (1), 587806 (1), 75IV2263 (1), 75IV2264 (1), 75IV2358 (1). •Valid as Parabotia lijiangensis Chen 1980 -- (Zheng et al. 1989:55 [ref. 21202], Zhu 1995:123 [ref. 25213], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Kottelat 2004:16 [ref. 27360], Yang & Chen 2004:173 [ref. 27902], Zhu & Zhu 2012:449 [ref. 32194], Kottelat 2012:18 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:157 [ref. 34477], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628]). Current status: Valid as Parabotia lijiangensis Chen 1980. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

lohachata, Botia Chaudhuri [B. L.] 1912:441, Pl. 40 (figs. 2, 2a-b) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 7 (pt. 5) (art. 35); ref. 14837] Gandak [Sandak] River at Saran, Bihar, India. Holotype (unique): ZSI F 8068/1. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:120 [ref. 20743]. •Synonym of Botia almorhae Gray 1831 -- (Menon 1992:32 [ref. 23970], Menon 1999:155 [ref. 24904]). •Questionably a synonym of Botia almorhae Gray 1831 -- (Kottelat 2004:12 [ref. 27360]). •Valid as Botia lohachata Chaudhuri 1912 -- (Shrestha 1978:37 [ref. 15970], Ataur Rahman 1989:155 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:539 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:557 [ref. 23778], Karmakar 2000:31 [ref. 25662], Nalbant 2002:318 [ref. 27361], Mirza 2003:13 [ref. 27265], Ataur Rahman 2003:174 [ref. 31338], Grant 2007:28 [ref. 29922], Shrestha 2008:143 [ref. 29923], Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594], Kottelat 2012:16 [ref. 32367], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628], Bleher 2018:280 [ref. 36647]). •Synonym of Botia histrionica Blyth 1860 -- (Kottelat 2013:174 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Valid as Botia lohachata Chaudhuri 1912. Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Northern Himalaya Foothills, India, Nepal and Bangladesh [Myanmar with question]. Habitat: freshwater.

longidorsalis, Botia Taki [Y.] & Doi [A.] 1995:148, Fig. 1 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 42 (no. 2); ref. 21740] Mekong River at Hatsalao, near Pakse, Laos. Holotype: NSMT-P 35940. Paratypes: NSMT-P 35941-44 (1, 1, 5, 2). •Valid as Botia longidorsalis Taki & Doi 1995 -- (Doi 1997:15 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2001:88 [ref. 25780], Grant 2001:6 [ref. 28264]). •Valid as Yasuhikotakia longidorsalis (Taki & Doi 1995) -- (Nalbant 2002:317 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:14 [ref. 27360], Kottelat 2012:20 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:176 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:46 [ref. 33971]). Current status: Valid as Yasuhikotakia longidorsalis (Taki & Doi 1995). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Xe Bangfai and Mekong River. Habitat: freshwater.

longiventralis, Botia (Sinibotia) Yang [J.-X.] & Chen [Y.-R.] 1992:344, Figs. 3-4 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 14267] Baijixun, 27°21'N, 99°06'E, Weixi County, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: KIZ 748660. Paratypes: KIZ 748661-67 (7). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:350 [ref. 32939]. •Valid as Botia longiventralis Yang & Chen 1992 -- (Kottelat 2000:86 [ref. 25486], Kottelat 2001:88 [ref. 25780], Zhang et al. 2016:154 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Sinibotia longiventralis (Yang & Chen 1992) -- (Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Kottelat 2012:19 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:175 [ref. 32989], Wu & Yang 2019:102 [ref. 36988]). Current status: Valid as Sinibotia longiventralis (Yang & Chen 1992). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Upper Mekong River basin, Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

lucasbahi, Botia Fowler [H. W.] 1937:154, Fig. 70 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Tachin, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68005. Paratypes: ANSP 56843 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:63 [ref. 13621]. Original as lucas-bahi. •Synonym of Botia beauforti Smith 1931 -- (Rainboth 1996:132 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 2001:88 [ref. 25780]). •Valid as Hymenophysa lucasbahi (Fowler 1937) -- (Nalbant 2002:317 [ref. 27361] dated 1935). •Synonym of Syncrossus beauforti (Smith 1931) -- (Kottelat 2004:14 [ref. 27360]). •Tentatively a synonym of Syncrossus beauforti (Smith 1931) -- (Grant 2007:48 [ref. 29922]). •Valid of Syncrossus lucasbahi (Fowler 1937) -- (Kottelat 2012:19 [ref. 32367]). •Not treated in Zhang et al. 2016:154 [ref. 34477]. Current status: Valid as Syncrossus lucasbahi (Fowler 1937). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Thailand, Laos and China. Habitat: freshwater.

macclellandi, Hymenophysa Bleeker [P.] 1859:358 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 16 (no. 3); ref. 13999] Palembang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 7059. Type catalog: Fricke 1991:12 [ref. 13474] types are same as hymenophysa and not SMNS 10601 (2). Unneeded substitute name for Cobitis hymenophysa Bleeker 1852. •Synonym of Botia hymenophysa (Bleeker 1852) -- (Roberts 1989:101 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Syncrossus hymenophysa (Bleeker 1852) -- (Kottelat 2004:14 [ref. 27360], Grant 2007:43 [ref. 29922], Kottelat 2012:19 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:165 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Syncrossus hymenophysa (Bleeker 1852). Botiidae: Botiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

macracanthus, Cobitis Bleeker [P.] 1852:603 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 334] Palembang, River Kwanten, western Sumatra, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 7058. Paralectotypes and/or Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1866.5.2.71 (1); RMNH 9111 (1), 17439 [ex RMNH 7058] (25); MNHN 000-1388 (1) Borneo, 0000-5708 (1) Sumatra; NMV A2062 (3); SMNS 10600 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:91 [ref. 19574], Fricke 1991:12 [ref. 13474], Fricke 2005:29 [ref. 29864]. Lectotype selected by Alfred 1961:34 [ref. 20552]. •Valid as Botia macracanthus (Bleeker 1852) -- (Roberts 1989:102 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:59 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:15 [ref. 22832], Nalbant 2002:318 [ref. 27361] dated 1853). •Valid as Chromobotia macracantha (Bleeker 1852) -- (Kottelat 2004:13 [ref. 27360], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:157 [ref. 28284]). •Valid as Chromobotia macracanthus (Bleeker 1852) -- (Kottelat 2012:16 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:174 [ref. 32989], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628]). Current status: Valid as Chromobotia macracanthus (Bleeker 1852). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Sumatra and Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

macrolineata, Botia Teugels [G. G.], De Vos [L. D. G.] & Snoeks [J.] 1986:188, Figs. 1-3 [Cybium v. 10 (no. 2); ref. 6761] About 100 kilometers from Mumbai, India. Holotype: IRSNB 701. Paratypes: MNHN 1984-0344 (2). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:14 [ref. 20755]. •Valid as Botia macrolineata Teugels, De Vos & Snoeks 1986 -- (Menon 1999:158 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2004:12 [ref. 27360], Bleher 2018:275 [ref. 36647]). •Synonym of Botia dario (Hamilton 1822) -- (Ng 2007:46 [ref. 29316], Grant 2007:9 [ref. 29922], Kottelat 2012:16 [ref. 32367]). Current status: Synonym of Botia dario (Hamilton 1822). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: India [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

maculata, Schistura McClelland [J.] 1839:307 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Almorah [Almorha], Uttar Pradesh, northern India. Holotype (unique): BMNH 2002.9.18.1. Unnecessary replacement name for Botia grandis Gray 1832. •Synonym of Botia almorhae Gray 1831 -- (Kottelat 2012:15 [ref. 32367]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Botia almorhae Gray 1831. Botiidae: Botiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

maculosa, Botia Wu [H.-W.] 1939:121, Pl 2 (fig. 6) [Sinensia v. 10 (nos 1-6); ref. 4805] Yangso, Li Kiang, southern China. Syntypes: Mus.? 271-272 (2). •Valid as Parabotia maculosa (Wu 1939) -- (Zheng et al. 1989:54 [ref. 21202], Zhu 1995:123 [ref. 25213], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Kottelat 2004:16 [ref. 27360], Yang & Chen 2004:173 [ref. 27902], Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361], Zhu & Zhu 2012:449 [ref. 32194], Zhang et al. 2016:157 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Parabotia maculosus (Wu 1939) -- (Kottelat 2012:19 [ref. 32367]). Current status: Valid as Parabotia maculosus (Wu 1939). Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

mantschurica, Leptobotia Berg [L. S.] 1907:420 [3] [Ezhegodnik, Zoologicheskago Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk v. 12 (no. 3); ref. 270] River Mu-tan-kiang, Songhua River basin, China. Syntypes: ZIN 14085 (2). On p. 3 of separate. •Valid as Leptobotia mantschurica Berg 1907, but possibly a subspecies of Leptobotia fasciata (Dabry de Thiersant 1872) -- (Reshetnikov et al. 1997:744 [ref. 24702]). •Synonym of Parabotia fasciatus Dabry de Thiersant 1872 -- (Kottelat 2004:16 [ref. 27360] as fasciata). •Valid as Leptobotia mantschurica Berg 1907 -- (Berg 1949:888 [ref. 20661], Bogutskaya & Naseka 1996:49 [ref. 22798], Vasil'eva 1998:100 [ref. 23591], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:44 [ref. 26178], Naseka & Bogutskaya 2004:284 [ref. 27838]). •Valid as Parabotia mantschuricus (Berg 1907) -- (Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:107 [ref. 28183] as mantschurica, Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361] as mantschurica, Bogutskaya et al. 2008:336 [ref. 30085] as mantschurica, Kottelat 2012:19 [ref. 32367], Parin et al. 2014:102 [ref. 33547] as mantschurica, Dyldin & Orlov 2016:667 [ref. 34853], Dyldin & Orlov 2021:62 [ref. 38158]). Current status: Valid as Parabotia mantschuricus (Berg 1907). Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: East Asia: China and Russia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

micra, Leptobotia Bohlen [J.] & Šlechtová [V.] 2017:91, Figs. 2-3 [Zootaxa 4250 (no. 1); ref. 35233] Market in Guilin, reportedly collected in River Li close to Guilin, Guangxi province, China. Holotype: SNHM 10308. Paratypes: SNHM, ZRC. •Valid as Leptobotia micra Bohlen & Šlechtová 2017. Current status: Valid as Leptobotia micra Bohlen & Šlechtová 2017. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: River Li, Guangxi, China. Habitat: freshwater.

microphthalma, Leptobotia Fu [T.-Y.] & Ye [M.-R.] 1983:121 (English p. 123), Fig. 1 [Zoological Research v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 8344] Leshan County, Min River system, Sichuan, China, elevation about 450 meters. Syntypes: Sichuan Agric. College 6-1040 (1), ?MIHASW 6-1118 (1). •Valid as Leptobotia microphthalma Fu & Ye 1983 -- (Ding 1994:111 [ref. 21531], Chen & Zhang in Chen 1998:89 [ref. 23556], Li et al. 2008:632 [ref. 29976], Kottelat 2012:17 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:155 [ref. 34477], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628], Bohlen & Šlechtová 2016:72 [ref. 34953], Bohlen & Šlechtová 2017:99 [ref. 35233], Zhang et al. 2019:406 [ref. 36699], Guo & Zhang 2021:107 [ref. 38147]). Current status: Valid as Leptobotia microphthalma Fu & Ye 1983. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: Min River drainage, Yangtze River basin, Sichuan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

modesta, Botia Bleeker [P.] 1864:11 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 2; ref. 17027] Ajuthia, Thailand. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-1851 (7 + 1 head). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:91 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Botia modesta Bleeker 1864 -- (Taki & Doi 1995:147 [ref. 21740], Rainboth 1996:133 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:15 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:97 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2001:88 [ref. 25780], Grant 2001:2 [ref. 28264]). •Valid as Yasuhikotakia modesta (Bleeker 1864) -- (Nalbant 2002:317 [ref. 27361] dated 1865, Kottelat 2004:14 [ref. 27360], Kottelat 2012:20 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:176 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:46 [ref. 33971], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628]). Current status: Valid as Yasuhikotakia modesta (Bleeker 1864). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

morleti, Botia Tirant [G.] 1885:165 [133] [Excursions et Reconnaissances: Cochinchine française v. 10; ref. 17923] Samrong Tong, Cambodia. No types known. On p. 133 of reprint in Chevey 1929 [ref. 16215]. •Valid as Botia morleti Tirant 1885 -- (Kottelat 1987:17 [ref. 11434], Taki & Doi 1995:149 [ref. 21740], Rainboth 1996:134 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:15 [ref. 22832], Freyhof et al. 2000:96 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:89 [ref. 25780], Grant 2001:5 [ref. 28264]). •Valid as Yasuhikotakia morleti Triant 1885 -- (Nalbant 2002:317 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:14 [ref. 27360], Kottelat 2012:20 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:176 [ref. 32989], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628]). Current status: Valid as Yasuhikotakia morleti (Tirant 1885). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

multifasciata, Botia Regan [C. T.] 1905:389, Pl. 5 (fig. 3) [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 13; ref. 15384] Tung-Kung, China. Holotype (unique): MHNG 677.98. Type catalog: Mahnert 1976:473 [ref. 21535], Weber 1998:6 [ref. 23532]. •Synonym of Parabotia fasciatus Dabry de Thiersant 1872 -- (Kottelat 2004:16 [ref. 27360] as fasciata, Kottelat 2012:18 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:174 [ref. 32989]). •Not treated in Zhang et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34477]. Current status: Synonym of Parabotia fasciatus Dabry de Thiersant 1872. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

nebulosa, Botia Blyth [E.] 1860:165 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Darjeeling, India. Holotype (unique): ?ZSI F2637/1. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:120 [ref. 20743]. See Grant 2007:18-20 [ref. 29922] discusses the placement of this species in Botia and as a possible senior synonym of Botia rostrata Günther 1868. •Synonym of Nemacheilus botia (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1987:141 [ref. 14149] as Noemacheilus, Talwar & Jhingran 1991:472 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:180 [ref. 24904] as Noemacheilus). •Synonym of Acanthocobitis botia (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 1990:28 [ref. 14137]). •In genus Botia and possibly the same as Botia rostrata Günther 1868 -- (Grant 2007:20 [ref. 29922], Kottelat 2012:16 [ref. 32367]). •Valid as Botia nebulosa Blyth 1860 -- (Bleher 2018:282 [ref. 36647]). Botiidae: Botiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

nigrocincta, Botia Brüning [C.] 1937:191 [Das Aquarium: eine Zeitschrift mit Bildern für Liebhaber, Schulen und Naturfreunde, Berlin v. 11 (no. 12); ref. 35764] Borneo, Indonesia. No types known. •Synonym of Chromobotia macracanthus (Bleeker 1852). Current status: Synonym of Chromobotia macracanthus (Bleeker 1852). Botiidae: Botiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

nigrolineata, Botia (Hymenophysa) Kottelat [M.] & Chu [X.-L.] 1987:395, Fig. 3 [Zoological Research v. 8 (no. 4); ref. 13853] Menghan, about 21°50'N, 100°23'E, Xishuangbanna, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: KIZ 735198. Paratypes: KIZ (1). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:350 [ref. 32939]. Spelled niqrolineata on p. 395. •Valid as Botia nigrolineata Kottelat & Chu 1987 -- (Taki & Doi 1995:147 [ref. 21740], Zhu 1995:122 [ref. 25213], Kottelat 1998:97 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2001:89 [ref. 25780], Zhang et al. 2016:154 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Yasuhikotakia nigrolineata (Kottelat & Chu 1987, Nalbant 2002:317 [ref. 27361] as Kottelat & Chen) -- (Kottelat 2004:14 [ref. 27360]). •Valid as Ambastaia nigrolineata (Kottelat & Chu 1987) -- (Kottelat 2012:14 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:173 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:45 [ref. 33971], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628]). Current status: Valid as Ambastaia nigrolineata (Kottelat & Chu 1987). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Laos, Thailand and China. Habitat: freshwater.

orientalis, Leptobotia Xu [T.-Q.], Fang [S.-M.] & Wang [H.-Y.] 1981:379, Fig. 1 [Zoological Research v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 26710] Wuguan River, Danfeng County, Shanxi Province, China. Holotype: Inst. Zool. Shanxi 80VI0074. Paratypes: Beijing Nat. Hist. Mus. 80VI0030 (1). •Valid as Leptobotia orientalis Xu, Fang & Wang 1981 -- (Zhu 1995:124 [ref. 25213], Cheng & Zhou 1997:196 [ref. 26385] dated 1984, Wang et al. 2001:173 [ref. 26566], Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Li et al. 2008:631 [ref. 29976], Kottelat 2012:17 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:155 [ref. 34477], Bohlen & Šlechtová 2017:99 [ref. 35233]). Current status: Valid as Leptobotia orientalis Xu, Fang & Wang 1981. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: Hanjiang and Hanhe rivers, China. Habitat: freshwater.

parva, Parabotia Chen [J.-X.] 1980:12 [Engl. p. 24], Fig. 4 [Zoological Research v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 23120] Bopai, Guangxi, China. Syntypes: IAHSW 75V3614 (1), 75V3616-23 (8), 75V3625-32 (8), 75V3634-37 (4). •Valid as Parabotia parva Chen 1980 -- (Zhu 1995:123 [ref. 25213], Kottelat 2004:16 [ref. 27360], Yang & Chen 2004:173 [ref. 27902], Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361], Zhang et al. 2016:157 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Parabotia parvus Chen 1980 -- (Kottelat 2012:19 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:175 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Parabotia parvus Chen 1980. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

pellegrini, Leptobotia Fang [P.-W.] 1936:29 [Sinensia v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 1302] Szechuan, China. Holotype (unique): NRIBAS M.1779. •Valid as Leptobotia pellegrini Fang 1936 -- (Zheng et al. 1989:57 [ref. 21202], Ye in Pan et al. 1991:250 [ref. 23876], Ding 1994:107 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:124 [ref. 25213], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Li et al. 2008:631 [ref. 29976], Kottelat 2012:17 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:174 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:155 [ref. 34477], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628], Bohlen & Šlechtová 2017:99 [ref. 35233], Zhang et al. 2019:408 [ref. 36699], Guo & Zhang 2021:107 [ref. 38147]). Current status: Valid as Leptobotia pellegrini Fang 1936. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: Yangtze River basin, Guangxi Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

posterodorsalis, Leptobotia Lan [J.-H.] & Chen [J.-X.] in Chen & Lan 1992:106 (English p. 109), Fig. 3 [Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 17 (no. 1); ref. 21067] Huanjiang County, Guangxi, China. Holotype: IHASW 87067044. Paratypes: IHASW 87056389 (1), 87056395 (1), 87056400 (1), 87056424 (1), 87067023 (1), 87067030 (1), 87067068 (1), 87067073 (1). •Valid as Leptobotia posterodorsalis Lan & Chen 1992 -- (Zhu 1995:548 [ref. 25213], Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Li et al. 2008:632 [ref. 29976], Kottelat 2012:17 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:155 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Leptobotia posterodorsalis Lan & Chen 1992. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: China. Habitat: freshwater.

pratti, Botia Günther [A.] 1892:250, Pl. 4 (fig. A) [ ref. 14508] Kia-tiang-fu, foot of Omie-shan, Szechwan, China, elevation 1070 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1891.6.13.35-37 (3). •Valid as Leptobotia pratti (Günther 1892) -- (Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361]). •Synonym of Leptobotia rubrilabris (Dabry de Thiersant 1872) -- (Ding 1994:113 [ref. 21531], Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Naseka & Bogutskaya 2004:283 [ref. 27838], Kottelat 2012:17 [ref. 32367]). •Not treated in Zhang et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34477]. Current status: Synonym of Leptobotia rubrilabris (Dabry de Thiersant 1872). Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

pulchra, Botia Wu [H.-W.] 1939:124, Pl. 2 (fig. 4) [Sinensia v. 10 (nos 1-6); ref. 4805] Yangso, Li Kiang, southern China. Syntypes: Mus. ? 405-406 (2). •Valid as Botia pulchra Wu 1939 -- (Zheng et al. 1989:52 [ref. 21202], Ye in Pan et al. 1991:248 [ref. 23876], Yang & Chen 1992:346 [ref. 14267], Zhu 1995:122 [ref. 25213], Kottelat 2001:49 [ref. 25482], Zhang et al. 2016:154 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Sinibotia pulchra (Wu 1939) -- (Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Tang et al. 2008:1 [ref. 29536], Kottelat 2012:19 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:175 [ref. 32989], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628], Wu & Yang 2019:102 [ref. 36988]). Current status: Valid as Sinibotia pulchra (Wu 1939). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Pearl River basin, southern China. Habitat: freshwater.

pulchripinnis, Botia Paysan [K.] 1970:64, 156, Pl. 13 (fig. 10) [Franck'sche Verlagsh., Kosmos Verlag, Stuttgart; ref. 26265] Southeast Asia [imported from Thailand]. Syntypes: none known. •Valid as Botia pulchripinnis Paysan 1970 -- (Grant 2001:4 [ref. 28264]). •Valid as Yasuhikotakia lecontei (Paysan 1970) -- (Nalbant 2002:317 [ref. 27361]). •Questionably a synonym of Yasuhikotakia lecontei (Fowler 1937) -- (Kottelat 2004:14 [ref. 27360], Kottelat 2012:20 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:176 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Yasuhikotakia lecontei (Fowler 1937). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

punctatus, Leptobotia Li [J.], Li [X.-H.] & Chen [X.-L.] 2008:630, Fig. 1 [Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 33 (no. 3); ref. 29976] Qianjiang River in Guiping City, 23°24'N, 110°24'E, Guangxi, China. Holotype: ASIZB [now NZMC] [ex 7XPRFRI 001]. Paratypes: ASIZB [now NZMC] 11620 [7XPRFR1006], Pearl River Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Science, Guangzhou, China (4). Type catalog: Ye et al. 2015:53 [ref. 33808]. The genus is feminine, so the species should be punctata. •Valid as Leptobotia punctata Li, Li & Chen 2008 -- (Kottelat 2012:17 [ref. 32367], Ye et al. 2015:53 [ref. 33808], Zhang et al. 2016:155 [ref. 34477] as punctatus, Bohlen & Šlechtová 2016:72 [ref. 34953], Bohlen & Šlechtová 2017:99 [ref. 35233]). Current status: Valid as Leptobotia punctata Li, Li & Chen 2008. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: Qianjiang River, Guangxi, China. Habitat: freshwater.

purpurea, Botia Nichols [J. T.] 1925:4, Fig. 3 [American Museum Novitates No. 177; ref. 3179] Huping, Tungting Lake, Hunan Province, China. Holotype: AMNH 8401. Paratypes: AMNH 10422 (1), FMNH (1), ?MCZ 32682 [ex AMNH] (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:16 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Leptobotia purpurea (Sauvage 1878) -- (Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361]). •Synonym of Leptobotia taeniops (Sauvage 1878) -- (Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Kottelat 2012:17 [ref. 32367]). •Not treated in Zhang et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34477]. Current status: Synonym of Leptobotia taeniops (Sauvage 1878). Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

reevesae, Botia Chang [H.-W.] 1944:49 [Sinensia v. 15 (nos 1-6); ref. 5136] Yaotan, at Wachang, Luhsien, western China. Syntypes: ? Chang pers. coll. 3028 (1), 3031 (1), 3051 (1), 3065 (1). •Valid as Botia reevesae Chang 1944 -- (Yang & Chen 1992:348 [ref. 14267], Ding 1994:98 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:122 [ref. 25213], Chen & Zhang in Chen 1998:86 [ref. 23556], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Zhang et al. 2016:154 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Sinibotia reevesae (Chang 1944) -- (Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Kottelat 2012:19 [ref. 32367], Wu & Yang 2019:101 [ref. 36988], Zhang et al. 2019:412 [ref. 36699]). Current status: Valid as Sinibotia reevesae (Chang 1944). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Yangtze River basin, western China. Habitat: freshwater.

reversa, Botia Roberts [T. R.] 1989:102, Fig. 76 below [Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences No. 14; ref. 6439] Kapuas basin, rocky channel in mainstream of Sungai Pinoh, 37 kilometers south of Nangapinoh, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 3521. Paratypes: CAS 49349 (4); MZB 3522 (1); RMNH 7651 (2), 28042 (1); CAS-SU 8008 (4); UMMZ 155675 (2); USNM 230264 (3). Species spelling when in Syncrossus needs research; recheck status references. •Valid as Botia reversa Roberts 1989 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:59 [ref. 23448], Doi 1997:15 [ref. 22832]). •Valid as Hymenophysa reversa (Roberts 1989) -- (Nalbant 2002:317 [ref. 27361]). •Valid as Syncrossus reversa (Roberts 1989) -- (Kottelat 2004:14 [ref. 27360], Parenti & Lim 2005:187 [ref. 28285], Tan & Kottelat 2009:57 [ref. 30261] as reversus, Kottelat 2012:20 [ref. 32367] as reversus, Kottelat 2013:175 [ref. 32989] as reversus). Current status: Valid as Syncrossus reversus (Roberts 1989). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

robusta, Botia Wu [H.-W.] 1939:122, Pl 2 (fig. 5) [Sinensia v. 10 (nos 1-6); ref. 4805] Yangso, Li Kiang, southern China. Syntypes: 278-285 (8). •Valid as Botia robusta Wu 1939 -- (Zheng et al. 1989:51 [ref. 21202], Ye in Pan et al. 1991:247 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:122 [ref. 25213], Kottelat 2001:49 [ref. 25482], Zhang et al. 2016:154 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Sinibotia robusta (Wu 1939) -- (Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Kottelat 2012:19 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:175 [ref. 32989], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628], Wu & Yang 2019:101 [ref. 36988]). Current status: Valid as Sinibotia robusta (Wu 1939). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Pearl River basin, southern China. Habitat: freshwater.

rostrata, Botia Günther [A.] 1868:367, Fig. [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Bengal, India. Syntypes: BMNH 1855.12.26.694 (1), 1860.3.19.114 (1). See Grant 2007:17 [ref. 29922] for identification of the syntypes and nomenclatural consequences. •Synonym of Botia almorhae Gray 1831 -- (Menon 1992:32 [ref. 23970], Menon 1999:155 [ref. 24904]). •Questionably a synonym of Botia almorhae Gray 1831 -- (Kottelat 2004:12 [ref. 27360]). •Valid as Botia rostrata Günther 1868 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:540 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:557 [ref. 23778], Zhu 1995:122 [ref. 25213], Doi 1997:16 [ref. 22832], Karmakar 2000:31 [ref. 25662], Nalbant 2002:318 [ref. 27361], Ng 2007:46 [ref. 29316], Grant 2007:16 [ref. 29922], Kottelat 2012:16 [ref. 32367], Bleher 2018:284 [ref. 36647]). •Synonym of Botia histrionica Blyth 1860 -- (Zhang et al. 2016:154 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Botia rostrata Günther 1868. Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Khasi Hills, northeastern India. Habitat: freshwater.

rubrilabris, Parabotia Dabry de Thiersant [P.] (ex Guichenot) 1872:191, Pl. 49 (fig. 8) [La pisciculture et la pêche en Chine; ref. 12507] Chang Jiang [Yangtze River], China. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-5085. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:94 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Leptobotia rubrilabris (Dabry de Thiersant 1872) -- (Wang 1981:1 [ref. 8403] with author as Dabry, Ding 1994:113 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:125 [ref. 25213], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Li et al. 2008:632 [ref. 29976], Kottelat 2012:17 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34477], Bohlen & Šlechtová 2017:99 [ref. 35233], Zhang et al. 2019:401 [ref. 36699], Guo & Zhang 2021:106 [ref. 38147]). Current status: Valid as Leptobotia rubrilabris (Dabry de Thiersant 1872). Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: Upper Yangtze River basin, Hunan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

rubripinnis, Botia Sauvage [H.-E.] 1876:100 [4] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (6th Série) v. 13; ref. 19811] Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-9545. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-2973 [ex MNHN 0000-9545] (7). On p. 4 of separate. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 1984:809 [ref. 11440]. •Synonym of Botia modesta Bleeker 1864 -- (Kottelat 1984:809 [ref. 11440], Kottelat 2001:88 [ref. 25780]). •Synonym of Yasuhikotakia modesta (Bleeker 1864) -- (Kottelat 2004:14 [ref. 27360], Kottelat 2013:176 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Yasuhikotakia modesta (Bleeker 1864). Botiidae: Botiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

sidthimunki, Botia Klausewitz [W.] 1959:51, Figs. 1-3 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 40 (nos 1/2); ref. 12000] Loom District, "Yom" River, northern Thailand [or ? Phetchaburi Province, western central Thailand]. Holotype: SMF 4505. Paratypes: SMF 4599-4602 (4). •Valid as Botia sidthimunki Klausewitz 1959 -- (Taki & Doi 1995:147 [ref. 21740], Rainboth 1996:134 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:16 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:97 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2001:89 [ref. 25780]). •Valid as Yasuhikotakia sidthimunki (Klausewitz 1959) -- (Nalbant 2002:317 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:14 [ref. 27360]). •Valid as Ambastaia sidthimunki (Klausewitz 1959) -- (Kottelat 2012:14 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:173 [ref. 32989], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628]). Current status: Valid as Ambastaia sidthimunki (Klausewitz 1959). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Upper Chao Phraya basin, Thailand and ? Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

splendida, Botia Roberts [T. R.] 1995:463, Figs. 1-2 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 43 (no. 2); ref. 22585] Xe Pian 5-6 kilometers upstream from Ban Hin Lat, 1 kilometer downstream from Se Pa Waterfall, Attapeu, Laos, 14°45'10"N, 106°27'50"E. Holotype: ZRC 39215. Paratypes: CAS 82353 (1); TISTR 2667 (1). •Valid as Botia splendida Roberts 1995 -- (Doi 1997:16 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 2001:89 [ref. 25780], Grant 2001:6 [ref. 28264]). •Valid as Yasuhikotakia splendida (Roberts 1995) -- (Nalbant 2002:317 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:14 [ref. 27360], Kottelat 2012:20 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:176 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Yasuhikotakia splendida (Roberts 1995). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Southeastern Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

striata, Botia Narayan Rao [C. R.] 1920:60, Pl. 2 (figs. 4, 4a-b) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 6 (no. 31) (art. 2); ref. 15244] Thumga [Tunga] River, Shimoga, Mysore State, India. Holotype: BMNH 1919.11.19.8-12 (1 of 5). Paratypes: BMNH 1919.11.19.8-12 (4 of 5), ZSI F9817/1 to 9818/1 (orig. 4, now 2); CCB (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:121 [ref. 20743]. •Valid as Botia striata Narayan Rao 1920 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:541 [ref. 20764], Menon 1992:44 [ref. 23970], Menon 1999:158 [ref. 24904], Yadav 2000:41 [ref. 25661], Nalbant 2002:318 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:12 [ref. 27360], Yadav 2003:18 [ref. 27711] with author as Rao, Grant 2007:13 [ref. 29922], Kottelat 2012:16 [ref. 32367], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628], Bleher 2018:286 [ref. 36647]). Current status: Valid as Botia striata Narayan Rao 1920. Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Krishna River system, Western Ghats, India. Habitat: freshwater.

superciliaris, Botia Günther [A.] 1892:250, Pl. 4 (fig. B) [ ref. 14508] Kia-tiang-fu, foot of Omie-shan, Szechwan, China, elevation 1070 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1891.6.13.30-34 (5), Kia-taing-fu. •Valid as Botia superciliaris Günther 1892 -- (Yang & Chen 1992:342 [ref. 14267], Ding 1994:96 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:122 [ref. 25213], Chen & Zhang in Chen 1998:85 [ref. 23556], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Zhang et al. 2016:154 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Sinibotia superciliaris (Günther 1892) -- (Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Kottelat 2012:19 [ref. 32367], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628], Wu & Yang 2019:102 [ref. 36988], Zhang et al. 2019:410 [ref. 36699]). Current status: Valid as Sinibotia superciliaris (Günther 1892). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Upper Yangtze River basin, Sichuan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

taeniops, Parabotia Sauvage [H.-E.] (ex Guichenot) 1878:90 [5] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 2; ref. 3878] Chang Jiang [Yangtze River], China. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-5086. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:94 [ref. 19574]. On p. 5 of separate. •Valid as Leptobotia taeniops (Sauvage 1878) -- (Ding 1994:106 [ref. 21531], Zhu 1995:124 [ref. 25213], Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Li et al. 2008:631 [ref. 29976], Kottelat 2012:17 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34477], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628], Bohlen & Šlechtová 2017:99 [ref. 35233], Zhang et al. 2019:407 [ref. 36699], Guo & Zhang 2021:105 [ref. 38147]). Current status: Valid as Leptobotia taeniops (Sauvage 1878). Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: Middle Yangtze River basin, Hunan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

tchangi, Leptobotia Fang [P.-W.] 1936:40 [Sinensia v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 1302] Hsia-chiao-kou, near west Tien-mu-shan, Chekiang, China. Holotype (unique): WLMH. Non-types: MNHN 1934-0175 (1) Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:94 [ref. 19574] with MNHN 1034-175 as paratype. •Valid as Leptobotia tchangi Fang 1936 -- (Zhu 1995:124 [ref. 25213], Tang et al. 2001:14 [ref. 25373], Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Li et al. 2008:631 [ref. 29976], Kottelat 2012:17 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34477], Bohlen & Šlechtová 2016:72 [ref. 34953], Bohlen & Šlechtová 2017:99 [ref. 35233], Guo & Zhang 2021:107 [ref. 38147]). Current status: Valid as Leptobotia tchangi Fang 1936. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: Zhejiang Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

tientainensis, Botia Wu [H.-W.] 1930:258, Fig. 3 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 16239] Creek in Tien-Tai Mountain, Chekiang, China. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1934-0176. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:94 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Leptobotia tientainensis (Wu 1930) -- (Zhu 1995:124 [ref. 25213], Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Li et al. 2008:632 [ref. 29976] with subspecies, Kottelat 2012:17 [ref. 32367], Zhang et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34477], Bohlen & Šlechtová 2016:72 [ref. 34953], Bohlen & Šlechtová 2017:99 [ref. 35233], Guo & Zhang 2021:107 [ref. 38147]). Current status: Valid as Leptobotia tientainensis (Wu 1930). Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: Zhejiang Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

udomritthiruji, Botia Ng [H. H.] 2007:42, Figs. 1-3 [Zootaxa No. 1608; ref. 29316] Tenasserim River drainage in the vicinity of Same, 13°36'N, 99°02'E, Taninthayi division, Myanmar. Holotype: UMMZ 248184. Paratypes: NRM 56791 (3), UMMZ 248185 (2), ZRC 50984 (14). •Valid as Botia udomritthiruji Ng 2007 -- (Grant 2007:38 [ref. 29922], Kottelat 2012:16 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:174 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Botia udomritthiruji Ng 2007. Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Tenasserim River drainage, southern Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

vancuongi, Parabotia Nguyen [V. H.] 2005:555, Fig. 6 [Freshwater fishes of Vietnam v. 2; ref. 29730] Gâm River, Nà Hang, Tuyên Quang, Vietnam. Holotype (unique): NCNTTS I, Bac Ninh. •Questionably a synonym of Parabotia dubius Kottelat 2001 -- (Kottelat 2012:18 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:174 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Parabotia vancuongi Nguyen 2005. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Distribution: Gâm River, Nà Hang, Tuyên Quang, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

variegata, Botia Günther [A.] 1889:228 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 4 (no. 21); ref. 2016] Chang Jiang [Yangtze River] at Ichang, China. Syntypes: BMNH 1889.6.25.28-29 (2). Also appeared as new in Günther 1891:249 [ref. 14508]. •Status uncertain in Leptobotia Bleeker 1870 -- (Kottelat 2012:16 [ref. 32367]). Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

variegata, Cobitis Dabry de Thiersant [P.] 1872:191, Pl. 49 (fig. 5) [La pisciculture et la pêche en Chine; ref. 12507] Yetchuen, China. Appeared as Nemachilus variegatus in Sauvage & Dabry de Thiersant 1874:14 [ref. 15665]. •Synonym of Leptobotia elongata (Bleeker 1870) -- (Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Kottelat 2012:16 [ref. 32367]). Current status: Synonym of Leptobotia elongata (Bleeker 1870). Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

viridis, Botia Brüning [C.] 1937:191 [Das Aquarium: eine Zeitschrift mit Bildern für Liebhaber, Schulen und Naturfreunde, Berlin v. 11 (no. 12); ref. 35764] French Indo-China. No types known. •Synonym of Yasuhikotakia modesta (Bleeker 1864). Current status: Synonym of Yasuhikotakia modesta (Bleeker 1864). Botiidae: Botiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

wui, Botia Chang [H.-W.] 1944:48, Fig. 2 [Sinensia v. 15 (nos 1-6); ref. 5136] Loshan, Szechwan, China. Syntypes: ? Chang pers. coll. 2134 (1), 2135 (1). •Synonym of Parabotia fasciatus Dabry de Thiersant 1872 -- (Ding 1994:100 [ref. 21531] as fasciata, Kottelat 2004:16 [ref. 27360] as fasciata, Kottelat 2012:18 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:175 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34477] as fasciata). Current status: Synonym of Parabotia fasciatus Dabry de Thiersant 1872. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

xanthi, Nemachilus Günther [A.] 1888:434 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 1 (no. 6); ref. 14483] Chang Jiang [Yangtze River] at Ichang, China. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1888.5.15.43. Original genus is correctly Nemacheilus. Also appeared as new in Günther 1891:249 [ref. 14508]. •Valid as Botia xanthi (Günther 1888) -- (Wang 1984:76 [ref. 22951]). •Synonym of Parabotia fasciatus Dabry de Thiersant 1872 -- (Kottelat 2004:16 [ref. 27360] as fasciata, Naseka & Bogutskaya 2004:283 [ref. 27838] as fasciata, Kottelat 2012:18 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:173 [ref. 32989]). •Not treated in Zhang et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34477]. Current status: Synonym of Parabotia fasciatus Dabry de Thiersant 1872. Botiidae: Leptobotiinae. Habitat: freshwater.

yunnanensis, Botia Chen [J.-X.] 1980:6 [English p. 21], Fig. 1 [Zoological Research v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 23120] Jinghong, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype (unique): IAHSW 638040. •Valid as Botia yunnanensis Chen 1980 -- (Zhu 1995:121 [ref. 25213], Zhang et al. 2016:154 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Botia beauforti Smith 1931 -- (Kottelat 2001:88 [ref. 25780]). •Valid as Sinibotia yunnanensis (Chen 1980) -- (Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361]). •Valid as Syncrossus yunnanensis (Chen 1980) -- (Grant 2007:486 [ref. 29922]). •Synonym of Syncrossus lucasbahi (Fowler 1937) -- (Kottelat 2012:19 [ref. 32367], Kottelat 2013:175 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Syncrossus lucasbahi (Fowler 1937). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Upper Mekong River system, China. Habitat: freshwater.

zebra, Botia Wu [H.-W.] 1939:126, Pl. 3 (fig. 9) [Sinensia v. 10 (nos 1-6); ref. 4805] Yangso, Li Kiang, southern China. Holotype (unique): 407. •Valid as Leptobotia zebra (Wu 1939) -- (Wang 1981:1 [ref. 8403], Zheng et al. 1989:58 [ref. 21202], Zhu 1995:125 [ref. 25213], Nalbant 2002:316 [ref. 27361], Kottelat 2004:15 [ref. 27360], Li et al. 2008:632 [ref. 29976], Zhang et al. 2016:156 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Sinibotia zebra (Wu 1939) -- (Tang et al. 2008:1 [ref. 29536], Kottelat 2012:19 [ref. 32367], Bohlen et al. 2016:17 [ref. 34628], Wu & Yang 2019:101 [ref. 36988]). Current status: Valid as Sinibotia zebra (Wu 1939). Botiidae: Botiinae. Distribution: Pearl River basin, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, southern China. Habitat: freshwater.

zebra, Canthophrys (Diacantha) Swainson [W.] 1839:310 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Based on Ham., pl. 11. f. 96 -- which is Hamilton 1822:Pl 11 (fig. 96). Unneeded new name for Cobitis geto Hamilton 1822. •Synonym of Botia dario (Hamilton 1822) -- (Menon 1992:39 [ref. 23970], Menon 1999:157 [ref. 24904] but original genus as Diacanthus, Kottelat 2004:12 [ref. 27360], Grant 2007:9 [ref. 29922], Kottelat 2012:15 [ref. 32367]). Current status: Synonym of Botia dario (Hamilton 1822). Botiidae: Botiinae. Habitat: freshwater.