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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Clupeidae: [ 118 ] records


agonus, Cyprinus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:445 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Not available; an incorrect subsequent spelling of agone Scopoli 1786. Misspelling. Clupeidae.

alba, Clupea Yarrell [W.] 1828:137, Pl. 5 (figs. 2, 5-6) [Zoological Journal, London v. 4 (art. 15) (for June-Oct. 1828); ref. 17745] Mouth of the Thames River. No types known. •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:99 [ref. 7169], Whitehead 1985:115 [ref. 5141]). Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

alba, Rogenia Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:341, Pl. 598 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] Mouth of the Tamise River, Great Britain. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3713 (1), 0000-3714 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:283 [ref. 293]. Secondary homonym of Clupea alba Yarrell 1828 when both are classified in Clupea. •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:99 [ref. 7169]). 2°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

alepidota, Clupea Hermann [J.] 1804:315 [Observationes zoologicae; ref. 2146] America. No types known. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

anomalura, Clupea Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:350 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Not available; manuscript name mentioned in passing; from Batavia, Java. Nomen Nudum. Clupeidae.

antipodum, Clupea sprattus var. Hector [J.] 1872:133 [Notes on the edible fishes of New Zealand; ref. 18270] Foveaux Strait and Wellington, New Zealand. Syntypes: (2). Also spelled antipodarum in literature. •Valid as Sprattus antipodum (Hector 1872) -- (Whitehead 1985:45 [ref. 5141], Paulin et al. 1989:78 [ref. 24556], Gomon 2008:193 [ref. 30616], Stewart & Struthers 2015:303 [ref. 34231], Canales-Aguirre et al. 2021:3 [ref. 38579]). Current status: Valid as Sprattus antipodum (Hector 1872). Clupeidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Zealand endemic. Habitat: marine.

antiqua, Potamalosa Ogilby [J. D.] 1897:70 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 22 (pt 1); ref. 3272] Syntypes: MNHN 1897-0389 (1) Nepean R., Victoria, Australia. Type catalog: Bertin 1940:284 [ref. 293], Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:23-24 [ref. 9739]. No separate description given; species cited as type of genus Potamalosa. •Valid as Potamalosa antiqua Ogilby 1897 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:156 [ref. 12442]). •Synonym of Potmalosa richmondia (Macleay 1879) -- (Whitehead & Bauchot 1985:23 [ref. 9739], Whitehead 1985:186 [ref. 5141], Paxton et al. 2006:331 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Potamalosa richmondia (Macleay 1879). Clupeidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

arabica, Clupea Ehrenberg [C. G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:298 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

arcuata, Clupea Jenyns [L.] 1842:134 [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] Bahia Blanca, Montevideo, Chile. Syntypes: (2) UMZC [Darwin no. 416] (2). •Valid as Ramnogaster arcuata (Jenyns 1842) -- (Whitehead 1985:123 [ref. 5141], Pequeño 1989:27 [ref. 14125], Cione et al. 1998:335 [ref. 23325], López et al. 2002:63 [ref. 26808], Kullander & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:37 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:8 [ref. 27366], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:41 [ref. 27192], Mirande & Koerber 2015:9 [ref. 35117], Bertaco et al. 2016:411 [ref. 34561], Nión et al. 2016:26 [ref. 35565]). Current status: Valid as Ramnogaster arcuata (Jenyns 1842). Clupeidae. Distribution: Near mouth of La Plata River: Argentina and Uruguay. Habitat: marine.

argentina, Clupea Swainson [W.] 1839:386 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Pernambuco, Brazil. •Treated as a forgotten name in the synonymy of Lile piquitinga (Schreiner & Ribeiro 1903) -- (Whitehead 1985:128 [ref. 5141]). Nomen Oblitum. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

atlanticus, Clupea harengus Schnakenbeck [W.] 1931:526, 529, Fig. 33 [Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere v. 21 (nos 3-4); ref. 21147] Atlantic. No types known. Minimal description; for the "Smalls". •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:99 [ref. 7169]). Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

autumnalis, Clupea harengus subform Nilsson [S.] 1832:23 [Prodromus ichthyologiae Scandinavicae; ref. 3204] Not available, a subforma of forma oceanica, infrasubspecific. Infrasubspecific. Clupeidae.

bahusica, Clupea harengus subform Nilsson [S.] 1832:23 [Prodromus ichthyologiae Scandinavicae; ref. 3204] Not available, a subforma of forma oceanica, infrasubspecific. Infrasubspecific. Clupeidae.

balticus, Clupea sprattus var. Schneider [G.] 1908:96 [Rapports et Proces-Verbaux des Reunions Commission Internationale pour l'Exploration Scientifique de la Mer Mediterranee Monaco v. 9; ref. 21149] Baltic Sea. No types known. Appeared first as name only in Schneider 1904:66 [ref. 18705]. •Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Berg 1948:157 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:105 [ref. 7169], Whitehead in Whitehead et al. 1984:281 [ref. 13675], Whitehead 1985:49 [ref. 5141], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:728 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva 1998:30 [ref. 23573], Fricke 2007:26 [ref. 30577]). •Synonym of Sprattus spratus (Linnaeus 1758) subspecies balticus (Schneider 1908) -- (Parin et al. 2014:61 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758). Clupeidae. Distribution: Baltic Sea (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

bassensis, Clupea (Pomolobus) McCulloch [A. R.] 1911:16, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Biological Results Endeavour [v. 1] (pt 1); ref. 2936] Off Storm Bay, and Flinders Island, Tasmania, Australia. Syntypes: AMS E.6496 (1), I.10382-83 (3). •Synonym of Sprattus novaehollandiae (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Whitehead 1985:48 [ref. 5141], Paxton et al. 1989:158 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:225 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:335 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Sprattus novaehollandiae (Valenciennes 1847). Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bellonii, Trichis Plumier [C.] in Lacepède 1803:448 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Name only, in synonymy of Clupea alosa; not available. Nomen Nudum. Clupeidae.

bentincki, Clupea Norman [J. R.] 1936:491 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 10) v. 17 (no. 100) (art. 51); ref. 13731] Talcahuano, Chile. Paratypes and holotype (orig. 11): BMNH 1935.8.27.5-10 (7, including holotype), 1935.8.27.11-15 (5); USNM 103779 (1). •Valid as Clupea bentincki Norman 1936 -- (Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:74 [ref. 14235]). •Valid as Strangomera bentincki (Norman 1936) -- (Whitehead 1985:130 [ref. 5141], Pequeño 1989:27 [ref. 14125], Canales-Aguirre et al. 2021:3 [ref. 38579]). Current status: Valid as Strangomera bentincki (Norman 1936). Clupeidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Chile. Habitat: marine.

bipunctata, Clupea Ehrenberg [C. G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:298 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype: ZMB 3841. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

borealis, Clupea harengus Schnakenbeck [W.] 1931:529 [Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere v. 21 (nos 3-4); ref. 21147] Not available; no distinguishing features; for the "Frühjahrshering von Island." •In the synonymy of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:99 [ref. 7169]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae.

britannicus, Clupea harengus Schnakenbeck [W.] 1931:526, 529, Figs. 11, 20, 33B [Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere v. 21 (nos 3-4); ref. 21147] English Channel. No types known. Minimal description; for the "Kanalhering". •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:99 [ref. 7169]). Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

brunnichii, Clupea Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:424 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

bryoporus, Spratelloides Cope [E. D.] 1873:25 [2] [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 13 (for 17 Jan. 1873); ref. 929] Sitka, Alaska, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): ANSP 1211. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:62 [ref. 13621]. On p. 2 of separate. •Synonym of Clupea pallasii Valenciennes 1847 -- (Okada 1961:292 [ref. 6363], Whitehead 1985:117 [ref. 5141], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:547 [ref. 34656]). Current status: Synonym of Clupea pallasii Valenciennes 1847. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

caledonicus, Clupea harengus Schnakenbeck [W.] 1931:527, 529, Figs. 28, 29A [Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere v. 21 (nos 3-4); ref. 21147] Hebrides. No types known. Minimal description; for the "Hebridenhering". •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:99 [ref. 7169]). Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

caspiopontica, Clupea Borodin [N. A.] 1904:177 [11], Figs. 1 (no. 2), 3 [Vestnik Rybopromyshlennosti St. Petersburg v. 19 (no. 3); ref. 18876] Caspian Sea. not at ZIN. Originally as caspio-pontica. On p. 11 of separate. Also described in Borodin 1905:266 [ref. 15340]. Based on literature sources, types not investigated. Apparently an unneeded new name, based on previously-described species and a variety named by Borodin. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

chilcae, Ethmidium Hildebrand [S. F.] 1946:82, Fig. 17 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 189; ref. 2161] Chilca Bay, Peru. Holotype: USNM 127806. Paratypes: (11) USNM 53526 (3), 77531 (5), 77618 (1), 83024 (1), 83036 (1). •Synonym of Brevoortia maculata (Valenciennes 1847), but a valid subspecies -- (Pequeño 1989:27 [ref. 14125]). •Synonym of Ethmidium maculatum (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Whitehead 1985:217 [ref. 5141], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:188 [ref. 24555]). Current status: Synonym of Ethmidium maculatum (Valenciennes 1847). Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

chrysotaenia, Clupea Cocco [A.] 1840:240 [Il Maurolico, Giornale di Scienze, Lettere e Arti v. 4 (fasc. 6); ref. 23130] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Not in current literature. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

chrysotaenia, Harengula Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:187 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Not available, no distinguishing features; with author as Bleeker. Nomen Nudum. Clupeidae.

cimbrica, Clupea harengus subform Nilsson [S.] 1832:24 [Prodromus ichthyologiae Scandinavicae; ref. 3204] Not available; apparently as a subform of Clupea harengus forma taeniensis (Baltic Sea); infrasubspecific and no distinguishing features. Infrasubspecific. Clupeidae.

cimbricus, Clupea harengus Schnakenbeck [W.] 1931:528, 529, Figs. 38, 41 [Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere v. 21 (nos 3-4); ref. 21147] North Sea. No types known. Minimal description; for the "Jütland-Herring". •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:99 [ref. 7169]). Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

coerulea, Alausa Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:432 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] No locality [= Chile]. Syntypes: not found at MNHN. Type catalog: Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:35-36 [ref. 9739]. •Questionably a synonym of Ethmidium maculatum (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Whitehead & Bauchot 1985:34 [ref. 9739], Whitehead 1985:217 [ref. 5141]). Current status: Uncertain as Ethmidium maculatum (Valenciennes 1847). Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

copii, Hyperlophus Ogilby [J. D.] 1897:72 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 22 (pt 1); ref. 3272] Maroubra, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.3669 (12), USNM 48827 (2). •Synonym of Hyperlophus vittatus (Castelnau 1875) -- (Whitehead 1985:188 [ref. 5141], Paxton et al. 1989:155 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:329 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Hyperlophus vittatus (Castelnau 1875). Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cuga, Clupea (Antu) bentincki de Buen [F.] 1958:89, Fig. 1 [Revista de Biologia Marina, Valparaiso v. 8 (nos 1-3); ref. 695] Coast of Chile. Syntypes: EBMC 13-15 (4), EMBC 2-12 (12), EMBC (49), EMBC (58). •Synonym of Strangomera bentincki (Norman 1936) -- (Whitehead 1985:130 [ref. 5141]). •Synonym of Strangomera bentincki (Norman 1936), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Pequeño 1989:27 [ref. 14125]). •Synonym of Clupea bentincki Norman 1936 -- (authors). Current status: Synonym of Strangomera bentincki (Norman 1936). Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

delicatula, Clupea Nordmann [A. von] 1840:524 [Voyage dans la Russie méridionale et la Crimée; ref. 3209] Black Sea [ = Odessa, Ukraine]. Lectotype: ZIN 2254. Paralectotypes: ZIN 2254 (5 of 6). Lectotype selected by Svetovidov 1952. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Clupea delicatula Bennett 1831. •Wrongly treated as valid -- (Berg 1948:161 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Clupeonella cultriventris (Nordmann 1840) -- (Svetovidov 1973:101 [ref. 7169], Whitehead in Whitehead et al. 1984:274 [ref. 13675], Whitehead 1985:52 [ref. 5141], Hoestlandt 1991:53 [ref. 24825], Heckman 1991:71 [ref. 24828], Coad 1995:8 [ref. 23608], Kottelat 1997:41 [ref. 22952], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:728 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva 1998:29 [ref. 23573], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:43 [ref. 26178], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:36 [ref. 26753], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:37 [ref. 28183], Parin et al. 2014:58 [ref. 33547]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Clupea cultriventris (Nordmann 1840). Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

elongata, Clupea Lesueur [C. A.] 1818:234 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2735] Coast of Marblehead and Sandy Bay, Massachusetts, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Whitehead 1985:115 [ref. 5141]). Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

esca, Cyprinus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:446 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Thames River, England. No types known. Based on Pennant 1769:371. •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:99 [ref. 7169], Whitehead 1985:115 [ref. 5141]). Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

exile, Clupea Kishinouye [K.] 1911:383, Pl. 30 (fig. 1) [Journal of the College of Agriculture, Imperial University Tokyo v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 18418] Chichijima, Bonin Islands. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

fimbriata, Clupea Forster [J. R.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:299 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] San Jago, Cape Verde Islands. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Clupea fimbriata Bowdich 1825. 1°Homonym. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

frisius, Clupea harengus Schnakenbeck [W.] 1931:528, 529, Figs. 34-36 [Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere v. 21 (nos 3-4); ref. 21147] Zuidersee, Holland. No types known. Minimal description; for the "Zuidersee-Herring". •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:99 [ref. 7169]). Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

fuegensis, Clupea Jenyns [L.] 1842:133 [The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Beagle; ref. 2344] Off Cape Ines, Tierra del Fuego, depth 13 fathoms. Holotype (unique): UMZC [Darwin no. 838]. •Valid as Clupea fuegensis Jenyns 1842 -- (Stepien 1990:600 [ref. 19879]). •Valid as Sprattus fuegensis (Jenyns 1842) -- (Whitehead 1985:46 [ref. 5141], Nakamura in Nakamura et al. 1986:70 [ref. 14235], Pequeño 1989:27 [ref. 14125], Lloris & Rucabado 1991:51 [ref. 22530], López et al. 1996:15 [ref. 23681] as fueguensis, Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:60 [ref. 25942], López et al. 2002:63 [ref. 26808] as fueguensis, Canales-Aguirre et al. 2021:3 [ref. 38579]). Current status: Valid as Sprattus fuegensis (Jenyns 1842). Clupeidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific, southwestern Atlantic: southern Chile and southern Argentina. Habitat: marine.

gasterostea, Clupea Wiegmann [A. F. A.] in Spix & Agassiz 1829:53 [Selecta genera et species piscium quos in itinere per Brasiliam; ref. 13] Not available, name published in the synonymy of Clupanodon aureus. Nomen Nudum. Clupeidae.

guborni, Corica Gray [J. E.] 1834:no page number, Pl. 91 (figs. 7-8) [Illustrations of Indian zoology; ref. 1878] India. Not available; an incorrect subsequent spelling of Corica soborna Hamilton 1822. An index gives corrections for misspellings on plates, and there the name was given as "Dr. Hamilton's Corica. Corica Soborni" [still a misspelling but intent as Corica soborna Hamilton is clear]. Misspelling. Clupeidae.

halec, Clupea Mitchill [S. L.] 1814:20 [Report, in part, of Samuel L. Mitchill; ref. 3030] New York, U.S.A. No types known. Also in Mitchill 1815:451 [ref. 13292]. •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Smith 1986:395 [ref. 22186]). Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

haleciformis, Sprattus Girgensohn [O. G. L.] 1846:534 [Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint Pétersbourg v. 5 (no. 4-6); ref. 12458] Appeared as Sprattus haleciformis?, apparently as a replacement name for Sprattus sprattus because of Strickland tautonymy. •Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758). Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

harengus, Clupea Linnaeus [C.] 1758:317 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European seas. Syntypes: ?BMNH 1853.11.12.111 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:207 [ref. 13434]. Misspelled arengus by Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler 1817:9 [ref. 17319], see Graells 1887:183 [ref. 30438]. •Valid as Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Herrera 1896:26 [ref. 39336], Berg 1948:148 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:99 [ref. 7169], Whitehead in Whitehead et al. 1984:273 [ref. 13675], Whitehead 1985:115 [ref. 5141], Smith 1986:395 [ref. 22186], Grant 1986:714 [ref. 22454], Robins & Ray 1986:69 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:114 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:51 [ref. 14674], Murdy et al. 1997:73 [ref. 23144], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:727 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva 1998:28 [ref. 23573], Munroe in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:141 [ref. 26158], Munroe & Nizinski 2003:828 [ref. 26997], Nelson et al. 2004:67 [ref. 27807], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:36 [ref. 28183], Fricke 2007:25 [ref. 30577], Møller et al. 2010:22 [ref. 31169], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:117 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:67 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:56 [ref. 33547], Afonso et al. 2016:14, 126 [ref. 36199], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:59 [ref. 36370], Bañón et al. 2019:292 [ref. 37095], Carneiro et al. 2019:72 [ref. 37250], Bañón et al. 2020:[2] [ref. 37355], Bañón & Maño 2021:51 [ref. 38883], Canales-Aguirre et al. 2021:3 [ref. 38579], Dyldin et al. 2022:[16] [ref. 39193], Fermon et al. 2022:128 [ref. 39448] with question). Current status: Valid as Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae. Distribution: North Sea; Baltic Sea; northeastern Atlantic and adjacent Arctic areas, south of Spitsbergen (Norway) and off Kola (Russia) south to Portugal. Habitat: brackish, marine.

hiemalis, Clupea harengus forma Nilsson [S.] 1832:23 [Prodromus ichthyologiae Scandinavicae; ref. 3204] Not available, a subforma of forma oceanica, infrasubspecific. Infrasubspecific. Clupeidae.

holodon, Clupea Regan [C. T.] 1916:5 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 18 (no. 103) (art. 1); ref. 15064] Stewart Island, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1889.10.26.9. •Synonym of Sprattus antipodum (Hector 1872) -- (Whitehead 1985:45 [ref. 5141]). Current status: Synonym of Sprattus antipodum (Hector 1872). Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

ignota, Clupea Günther [A.] 1868:417 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Not available, name on specimen from Finland mentioned under Clupea harengus. Nomen Nudum. Clupeidae.

inermis, Clupea Basilewsky [S.] 1855:242 [Nouveaux mémoires de la Société impériale des naturalistes de Moscou v. 10; ref. 200] Oriental Sea, Beijing [Peking], China. Holotype or syntypes: ZIN 5655 (1). •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758, subspecies pallasii Valenciennes 1847 -- (Berg 1948:155 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Clupea pallasii Valenciennes 1847 -- (Okada 1961:292 [ref. 6363], Whitehead 1985:117 [ref. 5141], Youn & Kim 1998:53 [ref. 25737], Zhang 2001:63 [ref. 26586], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:547 [ref. 34656]). Current status: Synonym of Clupea pallasii Valenciennes 1847. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

islandicus, Clupea harengus Schnakenbeck [W.] 1931:529 [Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere v. 21 (nos 3-4); ref. 21147] Not available; no distinguishing features; for the "Sommerhering von Island." •In the synonymy of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:100 [ref. 7169]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae.

ivernicus, Clupea harengus Schnakenbeck [W.] 1931:526, 529, Figs. 39A-B [Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere v. 21 (nos 3-4); ref. 21147] Ireland. No types known. Minimal description; for the "Klondyke-Herring". •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:99 [ref. 7169]). Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

javanicus, Elops Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Bleeker 1851:422 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 16891] Name mentioned in passing in synonymy of Dussumieria hasseltii, not available. •In the synonymy of Dussumieria acuta Valenciennes 1847 -- (Kottelat 2013:59 [ref. 32989] with author as Bleeker). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Dussumieria acuta Valenciennes 1847. Clupeidae.

laccia, Clupea Larrañaga [D. A.] 1923:377 [Escritos de Don Dámaso Antonio Larrañaga v. 2; ref. 22561] Uruguay. Genus misspelled Cuplea in original. Corresponds to Clupea 20-radiata on p. 389. Appeared as Clupea laccia vel 20-radiata in Devincenzi 1925:316, 321 [ref. 20322]; Devincenzi treated as a synonym of Brevoortia tyrannus (Latrobe 1802). Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

latulus, Clupea Cuvier [G.] 1829:318 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] No locality. No types known. Type catalog: Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:39 [ref. 9739]. •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758 and of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:99 and 104 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Whitehead 1985:49 [ref. 5141], Whitehead 1990:224 [ref. 14039]). Current status: Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758). Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

leachii, Clupea Yarrell [W.] 1832:230 [The Philosophical Magazine and Annals of Philosophy, London, N. S. v. 9 (no. 51); ref. 33437] Mouth of the Thames and Medway rivers, U. K. No types known. Appeared in Yarrell 1831:34 [ref. 33438], Yarell 1832:240 [ref. 33439] and Yarrell 1832:277, Pl. 12 [ref. 17747]. •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:99 [ref. 7169], Whitehead 1985:115 [ref. 5141]). Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

limnoica, Clupea melanostoma Alonso de Arámburu [A. S.] 1961:2, Figs. 1, 2a [Notas del Museo de La Plata v. 20 (no. 186); ref. 7253] Laguna de Chascomús, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Holotype: MLP 12-X-58-31 (apparently lost). Paratypes: MLP 18-II-33-40 (1), 12-X-58-30 (4), MLP 6514 [ex 12-X-58-32] (2), MLP 6484 [ex 10-IX-58-44] (1), 12-XI-58-34 (1). Lost MLP 12-X-58-30 (4), MLP 12-XI-58-34 (1) and MLP 12-XI-58-34 (1). Type catalog: Miquelarena & Nadalin 2014:1 [ref. 33466]. •Possible synonym of Ramnogaster melanostoma (Eigenmann 1907) -- (Whitehead 1985:124 [ref. 5141]). •Synonym of Platanichthys platana (Regan 1917) -- (Whitehead 1985:121 [ref. 5141], Cione et al. 1998:335 [ref. 23325], Kullander & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:37 [ref. 27061] with question, López et al. 2003:8 [ref. 27366], Menni 2004:71 [ref. 28131], Litz & Koerber 2014:5 [ref. 33622] with question, Mirande & Koerber 2015:9 [ref. 35117] with question). •Synonym of Ramnogaster melanostoma (Eigenmann 1907) -- (Kullander & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:37 [ref. 27061] with question, Litz & Koerber 2014:6 [ref. 33622] with question, Mirande & Koerber 2015:9 [ref. 35117] with question). Current status: Synonym of Ramnogaster melanostoma (Eigenmann 1907). Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

lineolata, Clupea Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:256 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] No locality. No types known. Type catalog: Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:39 [ref. 9739]. •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758 or Clupea pallasi Valenciennes 1847 -- (Svetovidov 1973:99 [ref. 7169]). •Questionably a synonym of Clupea pallasii Valenciennes 1847 -- (Whitehead 1985:117 [ref. 5141]). Current status: Synonym of Clupea pallasii Valenciennes 1847. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

macrocephala, Clupea Swainson [W.] 1839:387 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Mersey River, near Liverpool, England. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Clupea macrocephala Lacepède 1803. 1°Homonym. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

macrochira, Clupea Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1844:348 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 17; ref. 1010] Not available, manuscript name mentioned in passing. Nomen Nudum. Clupeidae.

macroura, Clupea Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:437 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] Not available, name mentioned in passing in synonymy; from Java, Indonesia. Nomen Nudum. Clupeidae.

macrura, Clupea van Hasselt [J. C.] 1823:329 [Algemeene Konst- en Letter-bode voor het Jaar I Deel (no. 21); ref. 5105] Not available, name only from Java, as a species [although capitalized] (see Alfred 1961:83 [ref. 20553], Kottelat 1987:369 [ref. 5962]). Nomen Nudum. Clupeidae.

maculata, Alausa Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:430 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] Valparaíso, Chile. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-1890. Type catalog: Bertin 1940:280 [ref. 293], Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:8 [ref. 9739]. •Valid as Brevoortia maculata (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Pequeño 1989:27 [ref. 14125]). •Valid as Ethmidium maculatum (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Whitehead 1985:217 [ref. 5141], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:188 [ref. 24555]). Current status: Valid as Ethmidium maculatum (Valenciennes 1847). Clupeidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Peru and Chile. Habitat: marine.

majalis, Clupea harengus Nilsson [S.] 1832:23 [Prodromus ichthyologiae Scandinavicae; ref. 3204] Not available, a subforma of forma oceanica, infrasubspecific. Infrasubspecific. Clupeidae.

manulensis, Clupea Marion de Procé [P.-M.] 1822:132 [Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris [Sér. 3] [v. 9] (for 1822); ref. 17601] Manila Bay, Philippines. No types known. Apparently an overlooked available name. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

marisalbi, Clupea harengus pallasi natio Berg [L. S.] 1923:501 [Freshwater fishes of Russia. Second edition; ref. 16807] Solovetzkye Islands, White Sea, Russia. Original not seen. Originally as Maris-albi. •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758, subspecies pallasi Valenciennes 1847 -- (Berg 1948:152 [ref. 12882]). •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies -- (Svetovidov 1973:100 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Clupea pallasii Valenciennes 1847, or as a valid subspecies, Clupea pallasii marisalbi Berg 1923 -- (Rass & Wheeler 1991:137 [ref. 20079], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:727 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva 1998:28 [ref. 23573], Parin et al. 2014:57 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:27 [ref. 34440], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:547 [ref. 34656]). Current status: Synonym of Clupea pallasii Valenciennes 1847. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

melanostomus, Pomolobus Eigenmann [C. H.] 1907:452, Pl. 23 (fig. 6) [Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 8 (for 1906); ref. 10024] Buenos Aires [Ensenada, Buenos Aires Province], Argentina. Holotype: Princeton Univ. (not located). Paratypes: CAS-SU 36026 (7), CAS [ex IU 11364] (7?, missing) Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:12 [ref. 12291]. As Pomolobus? melanostomus originally. Type locality see Calviño & Waldbillig 2020:1 [ref. 37512]. •Valid as Ramnogaster melanostomus (Eigenmann 1907) -- (Whitehead 1985:124 [ref. 5141], Cione et al. 1998:340 [ref. 23325], Sverlij et al. 1998:10 [ref. 27632], Kullander & Ferraris in Reis et al. 2003:37 [ref. 27061], López et al. 2003:9 [ref. 27366], Casciotta et al. 2003:71 [ref. 28130], Menni 2004:71 [ref. 28131], Mirande & Koerber 2015:9 [ref. 35117], Calviño & Waldbillig 2020:1 [ref. 37512]). •Valid as Ramnogaster melanostoma (Eigenmann 1907) -- (Litz & Koerber 2014:6 [ref. 33622] with question, Nión et al. 2016:26 [ref. 35565], Canales-Aguirre et al. 2021:3 [ref. 38579]). Current status: Valid as Ramnogaster melanostoma (Eigenmann 1907). Clupeidae. Distribution: South America: lower portions of rivers along margin of La Plata River (Argentina and Uruguay). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

melastoma, Clupea Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846:237, Pl. 108 (fig. 1) [Fauna Japonica Parts 10-14; ref. 4374] Bay of Simabara, Nagasaki, Japan. No types known. Based on figure and manuscript of Burger. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Clupea melastoma Bloch & Schneider 1801. 1°Homonym. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

membras, Clupea Wulff [J. C.] (ex Linnaeus) 1765:39 [Ichthyologia, cum amphibiis regni Borussici. Methodo Linnaena disposita.; ref. 17844] Rivers of Borussia [Prussia], Germany. No types known. Validates the Clupea harengus membras of Linnaeus 1761:128 [ref. 7169].. •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies membras Wulff 1765 -- (Mitrofanov et al. 1992:49 [ref. 37756], Fricke 2007:26 [ref. 30577], Parin et al. 2014:56 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae. Distribution: Baltic Sea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

membras, Clupea Pallas [P. S.] 1814:211 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Baltic Sea. No types known. Perhaps not independent of Clupea harengus membras Wulff 1765. •Permanently invalid, preoccupied by Clupea harengus membras Wulff 1765. •In the synonymy of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758, subspecies membras Wulff 1765. 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

membras, Clupea harengus Linnaeus [C.] 1761:128 [Fauna Svecica, sistens Animalia Sveciae Regni, ed. II; ref. 13326] Baltic Sea. No types known. Not a trinominal in Linnaeus 1761, but a vernacular name; dates to Wulff 1765:39 [ref. 17844]. •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies [subspecies sometimes wrongly dating to Linnaeus] -- (Berg 1948:150 [ref. 12882], Svetovidov 1973:100 [ref. 7169], Whitehead 1985:115 [ref. 5141], Scott & Scott 1988:118 [ref. 25518], Dorofeeva 1998:28 [ref. 23573], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:36 [ref. 28183]). •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies membras Wulff 1765 -- (Fricke 2007:26 [ref. 30577]). Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

minima, Clupea Storer [D. H.] (ex Peck) 1839:438 [113] [Boston Journal of Natural History v. 2 (nos 3-4) (art. 12); ref. 4278] New Hampshire, U.S.A. Syntypes: (several) whereabouts unknown. On p. 113 of separate. •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Whitehead 1985:115 [ref. 5141]). Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

mirabilis, Clupea Girard [C. F.] 1854:138 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 7; ref. 1817] San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: ANSP 1319-20 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:63 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Clupea pallasii Valenciennes 1847 -- (Okada 1961:292 [ref. 6363], Whitehead 1985:117 [ref. 5141], Youn & Kim 1998:53 [ref. 25737], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:134 [ref. 25968]). Current status: Synonym of Clupea pallasii Valenciennes 1847. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

muelleri, Clupea Klunzinger [C. B.] 1879:261 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 22); ref. 18913] Northwestern coast of New Zealand. Holotype (unique): SMNS 2590. Type catalog: Fricke 1992:9 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:28 [ref. 29864] dated 1880. Name appeared as Mülleri in original. Also appeared in Klunzinger 1880:416 [92 of separate] [ref. 2624]. •Valid as Sprattus muelleri (Klunzinger 1879) -- (Whitehead 1985:47 [ref. 5141], Paulin et al. 1989:78 [ref. 24556], Stewart & Struthers 2015:304 [ref. 34231], Canales-Aguirre et al. 2021:3 [ref. 38579]). Current status: Valid as Sprattus muelleri (Klunzinger 1879). Clupeidae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: New Zealand endemic. Habitat: marine.

murmanica, Clupea harengus harengus natio Tikhonov [V. N.] 1941:26 [Trans. Knipowitch Polar Scient. Inst. Sea-Fisher. Oceanogr. v. 7; ref. 21148] Apparently not available, infrasubspecific (from Murman coast); publication in an available way as a species or subspecies not researched. •In the synonymy of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:100 [ref. 7169]). Infrasubspecific. Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae.

norvegicus, Clupea harengus Schnakenbeck [W.] 1931:528, 529 [Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere v. 21 (nos 3-4); ref. 21147] Norway. No types known. Minimal description as a race; for the "Norwegischer Hering (Form B)." •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:99 [ref. 7169]). Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

notacanthoides, Clupea (Alosa) Steindachner [F.] 1869:149 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 6 (no. 19) (for 15 July 1869); ref. 20467] "Mazatlan" [= Chile]. Holotype (unique): NMW 77050. Type information: Whitehead 1970:18 [ref. 11605] as type lost. Species later illustrated and described in more detail in Steindachner 1870:309 [p. 20 of separate], Pl. 7, [ref. 4217]. •Synonym of Ethmidium maculatum (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Whitehead 1985:217 [ref. 5141]). Current status: Synonym of Ethmidium maculatum (Valenciennes 1847). Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

notacanthus, Clupea Günther [A.] 1868:443 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Valparaíso, Chile. Syntypes: BMNH 1848.6.14.42-43 (2). •Synonym of Ethmidium maculatum (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Whitehead 1985:217 [ref. 5141]). Current status: Synonym of Ethmidium maculatum (Valenciennes 1847). Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

notata, Alosa DeKay [J. E.] 1842:263 [Zoology of New-York; ref. 1098] Not available, manuscript name mentioned in passing under Alosa sadina. Nomen Nudum. Clupeidae.

novaehollandiae, Meletta Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:376 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-9312. Type catalog: Bertin 1940:283 [ref. 293], Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:17-18 [ref. 9739]. Original as Novae Hollandiae. •Valid as Sprattus novaehollandiae (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Whitehead 1985:48 [ref. 5141], Paxton et al. 1989:158 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:225 [ref. 22532], Paxton et al. 2006:335 [ref. 28995], Gomon 2008:193 [ref. 30616], Canales-Aguirre et al. 2021:3 [ref. 38579]). Current status: Valid as Sprattus novaehollandiae (Valenciennes 1847). Clupeidae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, southwestern Pacific: Victoria, Tasmania and southern New South Wales (Australia). Habitat: brackish, marine.

novaehollandiae, Potamalosa Ogilby [J. D.] 1897:504 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 21 (pt 4); ref. 3271] No types known. Misidentified type species, not of Valenciennes, see account of genus Potamalosa. •In the synonymy of Potamalosa richmondia (Macleay 1879). Current status: Synonym of Potamalosa richmondia (Macleay 1879). Clupeidae.

oceanica, Clupea harengus forma Nilsson [S.] 1832:23 [Prodromus ichthyologiae Scandinavicae; ref. 3204] Norway. No types known. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

oeresundica, Clupea harengus oceanica subform Nilsson [S.] 1832:23 [Prodromus ichthyologiae Scandinavicae; ref. 3204] Not available, a subforma of forma oceanica, infrasubspecific. Infrasubspecific. Clupeidae.

ogura, Clupea Kishinouye [K.] 1911:384, Pl. 30 (fig. 2) [Journal of the College of Agriculture, Imperial University Tokyo v. 2 (no. 7); ref. 18418] Futani Harbor, Chichijma, Bonin Islands. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

otaitensis, Clupea Valenciennes [A.] (ex Solander) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:351 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] Type catalog: Whitehead & Bauchot 1985:40 [ref. 9739]. Based on Commerson manuscript; from Tahiti. •Nomen nudum -- (Whitehead & Bauchot 1985:39 [ref. 9739], Whitehead 1985:108 [ref. 5141]). Nomen Nudum. Clupeidae.

pallasii, Clupea Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:253 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] Kamchatka, Russia. No types known. Type catalog: Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:40 [ref. 9739]. •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies -- (Berg 1948:155 [ref. 12882], Scott & Scott 1988:118 [ref. 25518], Cheng & Zhou 1997:67 [ref. 26385], Kim et al. 2020:59 [ref. 39118]). •Valid as Clupea pallasii Valenciennes 1847 -- (Okada 1961:292 [ref. 6363], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:71 [ref. 9277], Uyeno & Sato in Masuda et al. 1984:19 [ref. 6441], Whitehead 1985:117 [ref. 5141], Grant 1986:714 [ref. 22454], Matarese et al. 1989:44 [ref. 26885] as pallasi, McAllister 1990:53 [ref. 14674] as pallasi, Rass & Wheeler 1991 [ref. 20079], Swift et al. 1993:130 [ref. 22379], Kubota & Tsukada 1996:56 [ref. 24966], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:727 [ref. 24702] as pallasi, Dorofeeva 1998:28 [ref. 23573], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:7 [ref. 24670] as pallasi, Youn & Kim 1998:54 [ref. 25737], Musick et al. 2000:11 [ref. 24959], Nakabo 2000:246 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:17 [ref. 25650], Pietsch et al. 2001:139 [ref. 25688], Zhang 2001:62 [ref. 26586], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:134 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:246 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:151, 497 [ref. 26218], Fedorov et al. 2003:24 [ref. 27579], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:36 [ref. 28183], Nelson et al. 2004:67 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:26 [ref. 37547], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:117 [ref. 31212], Page et al. 2013:67 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:56 [ref. 33547], Mecklenburg & Steinke 2015:163 [ref. 34033], Pietsch & Orr 2015:19 [ref. 34694], Tohkairin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 35331], Afonso et al. 2016:14, 127 [ref. 36199], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:547 [ref. 34656], Kells et al. 2016:92 [ref. 35888], Mecklenburg et al. 2016:26 [ref. 34440], Mecklenburg et al. 2018:61 [ref. 36370], Burton & Lea 2019:37 [ref. 37205], Sonoyama et al. 2020:19 [ref. 37637], Canales-Aguirre et al. 2021:3 [ref. 38579], Dyldin et al. 2021:17 [ref. 38804], Dyldin & Orlov 2021:61 [ref. 38158], Dyldin et al. 2022:[16] [ref. 39193]). Current status: Valid as Clupea pallasii Valenciennes 1847. Clupeidae. Distribution: North Pacific and adjacent Arctic Ocean: Korea and Japan northward to Arctic Ocean (Arctic Canada to White Sea), then south to Pacific coast of northern Baja California (Mexico). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

papalina, Alosa Canestrini [G.] 1872:135 [Pesci d'Italia. Parts I-II; ref. 14130] Trieste and Venice, Italy, Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. Apparently an unneeded new name for Clupanodon phalerica Risso 1827, included in synonymy by Canestrini. •Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758). Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

papalina, Clupea Bonaparte [C. L.] 1846:34 [Atti della Settima Adunanza degli Scienziati Italiani Sesta Riunione, Milano 7a Adunanza, Napoli, Part 2; ref. 519] Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). Syntypes: ANSP 1263-67 (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:63 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:104 [ref. 7169], Whitehead 1985:49 [ref. 5141], Whitehead 1990:224 [ref. 14039]). Current status: Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758). Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

papalina, Clupea Nardo [G. D.] (ex Chiereghini) 1860:127 [Prospetti sistematici degli animali delle provincie Venete et del mare Adriatico; ref. 18470] Italy, Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). No types known. Described independently from and preoccupied by Clupea papalina Bonaparte 1846; name is objectively invalid. Also as Chiereghini in Ninni 1872:44 [ref. 17995] where Chiereghini name and description are quoted. 1°Homonym. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

phalerica, Clupanodon Risso [A.] 1827:452 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Type catalog: Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:37 [ref. 9739]. •Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:104 [ref. 7169], Whitehead 1985:49 [ref. 5141], Whitehead 1990:224 [ref. 14039], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:38 [ref. 26753], Fricke et al. 2007:27 [ref. 29533]). •Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758), but a valid subspecies phalericus (Risso 1827) -- (Berg 1948:159 [ref. 12882], Whitehead in Whitehead et al. 1984:281 [ref. 13675], Dorofeeva 1998:30 [ref. 23573], Fricke et al. 2007:27 [ref. 29533], Parin et al. 2014:62 [ref. 33547]). •Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758), subspecies sprattus -- (Reshetnikov et al. 1997:728 [ref. 24702]). Current status: Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758). Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

piltschardus, Clupea Pallas [P. S.] 1814:204 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Widespread in Europe. No types known. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

probatowi, Clupea palassi natio Makushok [M. E.] 1935:23 [Za Ribn. Industr. Severa No. 1; ref. 17593] Syntypes: (many). Not available, infrasubspecific; from Yugorskii Shar Strait, Kara Sea, Russia. •In the synonymy of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758, subspecies suworowi Rabinerson 1927 -- (Svetovidov 1973:100 [ref. 7169], Parin et al. 2014:58 [ref. 33547]). Infrasubspecific. Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae.

pumila, Spratella Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:357, Pl. 600 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] Normandy coasts, France. No types known. Type catalog: Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:46 [ref. 9739]. •Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:104 [ref. 7169], Whitehead 1985:49 [ref. 5141], Whitehead 1990:224 [ref. 14039]). Current status: Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758). Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

punctata, Harengula Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:297 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea and Red Sea. No types known. Apparently not the same as Clupea punctata Rüppell 1837. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

richmondia, Clupea Macleay [W.] 1879:380 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 4 (pt 3); ref. 17574] Richmond River, New South Wales, Australia. No types known. •Valid as Potamalosa richmondia (Macleay 1879) -- (Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:58 [ref. 25473], Whitehead 1985:186 [ref. 5141], Paxton et al. 1989:156 [ref. 12442], Briggs & McDowall in McDowall 1996:46 [ref. 22909], Allen et al. 2002:66 [ref. 25930], Paxton et al. 2006:331 [ref. 28995], Kuiter 2018:16 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Valid as Potamalosa richmondia (Macleay 1879). Clupeidae. Distribution: Australia: New South Wales, eastern Victoria. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rostellatus, Apterogasterus De la Pylaie [A. J. M.] 1835:533 [Congrès Scientifique de France v. 2 (Sept. 1834) (art. 5); ref. 1086] Noirmoutier coast, France No types known. No distinguishing features, not available. Nomen Nudum. Clupeidae.

sardina, Clupea Cuvier [G.] 1829:319 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Britain; Mediterranean Sea. Based on a brief description and reference to "Duham. sect. III, Pl. xvi, f. 4." Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

sardinacaroli, Clupea Curtiss [A.] 1938:44 [A short zoology of Tahiti in the Society islands; ref. 18057] Lagoon near Tautira, Tahiti, Society Islands. No types known. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

scandicus, Clupea harengus Schnakenbeck [W.] 1931:528, 529 [Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere v. 21 (nos 3-4); ref. 21147] Norway. No types known. Minimal description; for the Norwegischer-Herring (Form A)". •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:99 [ref. 7169]). Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

schelderensis, Clupea harengus subform Nilsson [S.] 1832:23 [Prodromus ichthyologiae Scandinavicae; ref. 3204] Not available, a subforma of forma oceanica, infrasubspecific. Infrasubspecific. Clupeidae.

schoneveldii, Clupea Krøyer [H. N.] 1846:193, Fig. [Danmarks Fiske; ref. 18437] Baltic Sea, Eckernförde, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany No types known. Based on "Latulus" of Von Schonevelde 1624:41 [ref. 36058]. •Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:104 [ref. 7169], Whitehead 1985:49 [ref. 5141], Whitehead 1990:224 [ref. 14039]). Current status: Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758). Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

scoticus, Clupea harengus Schnakenbeck [W.] 1931:527, 529, Fig. 18 [Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere v. 21 (nos 3-4); ref. 21147] Firth of Forth, Scotland. No types known. Minimal description; for the "Firth of Forth-Herring". •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:99 [ref. 7169]). Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

septemtrionalis, Clupea harengus Schnakenbeck [W.] 1931:529 [Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere v. 21 (nos 3-4); ref. 21147] Not available, no distinguishing features; for the Färöer-Hering. •In the synonymy of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758 -- (Svetovidov 1973:99 [ref. 7169]). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758. Clupeidae.

serdinka, Spratella Nikolskii [A. M.] 1923:2 [Byulleten' Vseukraichskoi Gosudarstvennoi Chernomorsko-Azovskoi Nauchno-Promyslovoi Opytchoi Smachmii "BUGYANPOS" v. 6-7; ref. 14150] Northwestern Black Sea. Syntypes: ZIN 21081-82 (6, 3), 23449 (8). •Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:104 [ref. 7169], Whitehead 1985:49 [ref. 5141], Whitehead 1990:224 [ref. 14039]). •Synonym of Sprattus sprattus(Linnaeus 1758), subspecies serdinka (Nikolskii 1923) -- (Parin et al. 2014:62 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758). Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sicula, Clupanodon Rafinesque [C. S.] in Bonaparte 1846:34 [Atti della Settima Adunanza degli Scienziati Italiani Sesta Riunione, Milano 7a Adunanza, Napoli, Part 2; ref. 519] Mediterranean Sea; Atlantic? Genus name as Cl., error for Clupea sicula, name in synonymy of Clupea sardina Cuvier and not available. Nomen Nudum. Clupeidae.

sicula, Clupea Swainson [W.] 1839:385 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

sima, Clupea Linnaeus [C.] 1758:319 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Asia. No types known. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

smaragdina, Clupea Günther [A.] 1868:437 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Not available, name on specimen mentioned under Clupea menhaden. Nomen Nudum. Clupeidae.

sprattellides, Clupea Ogilby [J. D.] 1892:24 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 3266] Parramatta River, Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.3034 (1), I.11311-12 (1, 1); ?MNHN 1895-0391 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:284 [ref. 293], Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:11-12 [ref. 9739]. •Synonym of Hyperlophus vittatus (Castelnau 1875) -- (Whitehead 1985:188 [ref. 5141], Paxton et al. 1989:154 [ref. 12442], Paxton et al. 2006:329 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Hyperlophus vittatus (Castelnau 1875). Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sprattus, Clupea Linnaeus [C.] 1758:318 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European seas. Syntypes: Probably LS 46 & 47; others lost. Type catalog: Wheeler 1985:27 [ref. 20705]. Misspelled spratus by Cabrera y Corro, Pérez & Hänseler 1817:9 [ref. 17319], see Graells 1887:183 [ref. 30438]. •Valid as Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:104 [ref. 7169], Whitehead in Whitehead et al. 1984:280 [ref. 13675], Whitehead 1985:49 [ref. 5141], Whitehead 1990:224 [ref. 14039], Arruda 1997:30 [ref. 24952], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:728 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva 1998:30 [ref. 23573], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:38 [ref. 26753], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:38 [ref. 28183], Fricke et al. 2007:27 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:51 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:164 [ref. 31251], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:20 [ref. 36649], Çiçek et al. 2015:143 [ref. 35151], Martins & Carneiro 2018:25 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:553 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:74 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:92 [ref. 36864], Kovačić et al. 2020:12 [ref. 37519], Abliazov et al. 2021:8 [ref. 38576], Bañón & Maño 2021:51 [ref. 38883], Canales-Aguirre et al. 2021:3 [ref. 38579], Kovačić et al. 2021:22 [ref. 39014], Dyldin et al. 2022:[18] [ref. 39193]). Current status: Valid as Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758). Clupeidae. Distribution: North Sea; Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; Black Sea; eastern Atlantic: British Isles south to Morocco, including Madeira. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

sulcata, Clupea Larrañaga [D. A.] 1923:377 [Escritos de Don Dámaso Antonio Larrañaga v. 2; ref. 22561] Uruguay. Genus misspelled Cuplea and with question. Corresponds to Clupea 38-radiata on p. 389. Appeared as Clupea sulcata vel 38-radiata in Devincenzi 1925:316, 321 [ref. 20322]; Devincenzi treated as unidentifiable. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

sulinae, Clupea Antipa [G.] 1904:302 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 41 (no. 19); ref. 129] Black Sea and estuary of Sulina Branch, Danube Delta, Romania. No types known. Appeared in more detail in Antipa 1906:38, Pl. 3 (figs. 1-6) [ref. 6859]. •Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:104 [ref. 7169], Whitehead 1985:49 [ref. 5141], Whitehead 1990:224 [ref. 14039]). Current status: Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758). Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

suworowi, Clupea harengus pallasi natio Rabinerson [A. I.] 1927:66 [Trudy Instituta po Izucheniya Severa, Nauchno-Technicheskoe Upravlenie VSNC, Moskva v. 34 (no. 166); ref. 18583] Barents Sea. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. Infrasubspecific when proposed as above. Apparently validated by Svetovidov 1973 who treated suworowi as a subspecies. •Synonym of Clupea harengus Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subspecies -- (Svetovidov 1973:101 [ref. 7169]). •Synonym of Clupea pallasi Valenciennes 1847, but a valid subspecies suworowi Rabinerson 1927 -- (Reshetnikov et al. 1997:727 [ref. 24702], Dolgov 2013:915 [ref. 33112]). •Synonym of Clupea pallasii Valenciennes 1847, but a valid subspecies -- (Parin et al. 2014:58 [ref. 33547]). •Synonym of Clupea pallasii Valenciennes 1847 -- (Mecklenburg et al. 2016:27 [ref. 34440], Dyldin & Orlov 2016:547 [ref. 34656]). Infrasubspecific. Current status: Synonym of Clupea pallasii Valenciennes 1847. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

taeniensis, Clupea harengus forma Nilsson [S.] 1832:24 [Prodromus ichthyologiae Scandinavicae; ref. 3204] Norway. No types known. Regarded as infrasubspecific and not available. Infrasubspecific. Clupeidae.

tenuifilis, Megalops Cuvier [G.] in Spix & Agassiz 1829:54 [Selecta genera et species piscium quos in itinere per Brasiliam; ref. 13] Not available, name in the synonymy of Megalops thrissoides. Nomen Nudum. Clupeidae.

tobarana, Clupea Natterer [J.] in Diesing 1836:25 [Annalen des Wiener Museums der Naturgeschichte v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 18471] Not available, no distinguishing characters mentioned. Nomen Nudum. Clupeidae.

translucidus, Hyperlophus McCulloch [A. R.] 1917:165, Pl. 29 (fig. 3) [Records of the Australian Museum v. 11 (no. 7); ref. 15122] Sans Souci, Botany Bay, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.11403. Paratypes: AMS I.18464-001 (5). •Valid as Hyperlophus translucidus McCulloch 1917 -- (Whitehead 1985:188 [ref. 5141], Paxton et al. 1989:154 [ref. 12442], Johnson 1999:722 [ref. 25471], Paxton et al. 2006:329 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Valid as Hyperlophus translucidus McCulloch 1917. Clupeidae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

tropica, Clupea Linnaeus [C.] 1758:319 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Ascension Island, 7°57'S, 14°22'W, South Atlantic. No types known. Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

vittata, Meletta Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:46 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Richmond River, Melbourne, Australia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-3755 (5). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:284 [ref. 293] but wrong citation, Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:20 [ref. 9739]. •Valid as Hyperlophus vittatus (Castelnau 1875) -- (Whitehead 1985:188 [ref. 5141], Paxton et al. 1989:154 [ref. 12442], Kuiter 1993:35 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:222 [ref. 22532], Johnson 1999:722 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:18 [ref. 25847], Paxton et al. 2006:329 [ref. 28995], Gomon 2008:190 [ref. 30616], Hoschke et al. 2019:153 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Hyperlophus vittatus (Castelnau 1875). Clupeidae. Distribution: Southern Australia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

vulgaris, Meletta Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:366, Pl. 603 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] La Rochelle, France. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-3717. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-3094 [ex MNHN 0000-3717] (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:283 [ref. 293], Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:20 [ref. 9739]. Lectotype selected by Whitehead 1967:21 [ref. 6464]. •Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:104 [ref. 7169], Whitehead 1985:49 [ref. 5141], Whitehead 1990:224 [ref. 14039]). Current status: Synonym of Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus 1758). Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.


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