Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Cyclichthys: [ 5 ] records


caeruleus, Diodon Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:201, Pl. 65 (fig. 5) [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] North of New Guinea, 142° E, at the Equator. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-0872. Non-types: MNHN 0000-5734 (1). Type catalog: Le Danois 1962:477 [ref. 21440] as coeruleus, Leis & Bauchot 1984:88 [ref. 12539]. •Synonym of Chilomycterus orbicularis (Bloch 1785) -- (Leis & Bauchot 1984:88 [ref. 12539]). •Synonym of Cyclichthys orbicularis (Bloch 1785) -- (Leis 2006:82 [ref. 28932]). Current status: Synonym of Cyclichthys orbicularis (Bloch 1785). Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.

hardenbergi, Chilomycterus de Beaufort [L. F.] 1939:33 [Treubia, Buitenzorg v. 17 (pt 1); ref. 17230] Merauke, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ZMA 108475. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:110 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Cyclichthys hardenbergi (de Beaufort 1939) -- (Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Leis 2001:3962 [ref. 26318], Leis 2006:82 [ref. 28932], Bray et al. 2006:1931 [ref. 29091], Larson et al. 2013:239 [ref. 32988] credited to De Beaufort). Current status: Valid as Cyclichthys hardenbergi (de Beaufort 1939). Diodontidae. Distribution: Australia and New Guinea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

orbicularis, Diodon Bloch [M. E.] 1785:73, Pl. 127 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 1; ref. 4866] Sea of Jamaica; Cape of Good Hope; Molucca Islands, Indonesia.; Europe. Syntypes: ZMB 22249 (1, dry skin). Non-types: ZMB 6813 (1, stuffed) Cape of Good Hope. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:76 [ref. 24282]. On p. 81 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 4 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Chilomycterus orbicularis (Bloch 1785) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:308 [ref. 19754], Dor 1984:287 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:75 [ref. 25356], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:628 [ref. 27969], Chen et al. 1997:187 [ref. 26476] dated 1887). •Valid as Cyclichthys orbicularis (Bloch 1785) -- (Leis 1986:904 [ref. 5686], Allen & Swainston 1988:156 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:478 [ref. 15987], Matsuura & Sakai 1993:372 [ref. 21906], Francis 1993:168 [ref. 25479], Randall 1995:407 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:248 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:241 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:422 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:478 [ref. 25919], Fricke 1999:613 [ref. 24106], Leis in Randall & Lim 2000:649 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1434 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Leis 2001:3962 [ref. 26318], Nakabo 2002:1434 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:65 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S124 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:51 [ref. 27712], Adrim et al. 2004:127 [ref. 27715], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:455 [ref. 28072], Leis 2006:82 [ref. 28932], Bray et al. 2006:1932 [ref. 29091], Fricke et al. 2009:123 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1098 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:239 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:233 [ref. 34464], Lee et al. 2014:493 [ref. 36304], Psomadakis et al. 2015:339 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:239 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:390 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:183 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:135 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:103 [ref. 36871], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 31 [ref. 38321], Kim et al. 2020:205 [ref. 39118], Psomadakis et al. 2020:626 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:135 [ref. 37637], Kaleshkumar et al. 2021:[4] [ref. 38263], Mary et al. 2021:398 [ref. 38693], Leis 2022:476 [ref. 40307], Vilasri et al. 2023:100 [ref. 40764]). Current status: Valid as Cyclichthys orbicularis (Bloch 1785). Diodontidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra (Yemen), Madagascar and western Mascarenes (La Réunion, Mauritius) east to Philippines, north to southern Korea and central Japan, south to New Caledonia and Lord Howe Island (Australia). Habitat: marine.

parcomaculatus, Chilomycterus von Bonde [C.] 1923:38, Pl. 9 (fig. 2) [Report Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa Rep. 3 (art. 1); ref. 521] KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean, Pickle station 386 and 473, depth 31-38 fathoms. Holotype (unique): inadvertently destroyed. •Synonym of Cyclichthys orbicularis (Bloch 1785) -- (Leis 1986:904 [ref. 5686], Leis 2006:82 [ref. 28932], Lee et al. 2014:493 [ref. 36304], Leis 2022:476 [ref. 40307]). Current status: Synonym of Cyclichthys orbicularis (Bloch 1785). Diodontidae. Habitat: marine.

spilostylus, Chilomycterus Leis [J. M.] & Randall [J. E.] 1982:364, Figs. 1-2 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 34 (no. 3); ref. 8453] Off Marine Laboratory, Eilat, Israel, Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea, ca. 29°30'05''N, 34°55'05''E, depth 12 meters. Holotype: BPBM 13896. Paratypes: AMS I 20145-001 (1); BMNH 1979.9.24.1 (1); BPBM 20456 (1), 22724 (1); HUJ 8343 (1); CAS-SU 68649 (1); USNM 191665 (1), 216146 (1). Type catalog: Golani 2006:35 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Chilomycterus spilostylus Leis & Randall 1982 -- (Dor 1984:287 [ref. 29757], Allen & Swainston 1988:156 [ref. 25477], Goren & Dor 1994:75 [ref. 25356], Allen 1997:248 [ref. 23977], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Golani 2005:65 [ref. 37112]). •Valid as Cyclichthys spilostylus (Leis & Randall 1982) -- (Leis 1986:905 [ref. 5686], Matsuura & Sakai 1993:372 [ref. 21906], Randall 1995:407 [ref. 22896], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:656 [ref. 24023], Leis in Randall & Lim 2000:649 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1434 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Leis 2001:3963 [ref. 26318], Nakabo 2002:1434 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:65 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S124 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:455 [ref. 28072], Leis 2006:82 [ref. 28932], Bray et al. 2006:1932 [ref. 29091], Fricke et al. 2009:123 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1098 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:240 [ref. 32988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:339 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:239 [ref. 35490], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[22] 260 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:183 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:103 [ref. 36871], Bariche & Fricke 2020:147 [ref. 37515], Psomadakis et al. 2020:626 [ref. 37272], Sonoyama et al. 2020:135 [ref. 37637], Golani 2021:90 [ref. 38303], Kovačić et al. 2021:62 [ref. 39014], Leis 2022:477 [ref. 40307]). Current status: Valid as Cyclichthys spilostylus (Leis & Randall 1982). Diodontidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: Western Cape, eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Socotra (Yemen) and western Mascarenes (La Réunion) east to Philippines, north to central Japan, south to Australia and New Caledonia; eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands (Ecuador); Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.


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