Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 8 September 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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equula, Scomber Forsskål [P. S.] in Niebuhr 1775:58, xii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] [Lohajæ] Al-Luhayya, Yemen, Red Sea. Lectotype: ZMUC P48219 (dry skin). Paralectotypes: ZMUC P48220 (1, dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:64 [ref. 9588], Fricke 2008:34 [ref. 30182]. Lectotype selected by Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:23 [ref. 20847]; lectotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 28 [ref. 20847] and in Sparks & Dunlap 2004:15 [ref. 27928]. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:34 [ref. 30182]. Misspelled Caesio aequulus by Sonnini 1803:36 (vol. 8) [ref. 30473]. •Valid as Leiognathus equulus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:135 [ref. 29757], Jones 1985:584 [ref. 21842], Yu & Zhou in Kuang et al. 1986:233 [ref. 26639], Allen & Swainston 1988:76 [ref. 25477], Ataur Rahman 1989:335 [ref. 24860], Allen 1991:135 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:831 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:111 [ref. 23448], Goren & Dor 1994:35 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:192 [ref. 22896], Rainboth 1996:184 [ref. 22772], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:347 [ref. 27969], Reinthal & Stiassny 1997:354 [ref. 22780], Allen 1997:118 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:76 [ref. 26476], Larson & Williams 1997:359 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:169 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:164 [ref. 25488], Myers 1999:143 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:260 [ref. 24106], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:246 [ref. 24754], Nakabo 2000:811 [ref. 25086], Woodland in Randall & Lim 2000:617 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:344 [ref. 25191], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:186 [ref. 25703], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:100 [ref. 26368], Kimura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:221 [ref. 27511], Sakai et al. 2001:97 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:33 [ref. 25847], Woodland et al. 2001:2808 [ref. 26095], Allen et al. 2002:340 [ref. 25930], Nakabo 2002:811 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S108 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:626 [ref. 27495], Khan 2003:9 [ref. 27710] as equuals, Ataur Rahman 2003:365 [ref. 31338], Ikejima et al. 2004:908 [ref. 27755], Sparks & Dunlap 2004:7 [ref. 27928], Heemstra et al. 2004:3322 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:275 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:239 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Bray 2006:1179 [ref. 29000], Chakrabarty et al. 2008:156 [ref. 32414], Chakrabarty et al. 2009:155 [ref. 30295], Kimura 2009:131 [ref. 30426], Fricke et al. 2009:59 [ref. 30213], Chakrabarty et al. 2010:114 [ref. 31090], Abraham et al. 2011:6 [ref. 31311], Allen & Erdmann 2012:442 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:127 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:127 [ref. 34464], Fricke et al. 2014:84 [ref. 33932], Psomadakis et al. 2015:235 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:124 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:325 [ref. 36183], Golani & Fricke 2018:88 [ref. 36273], Jawad et al. 2018:106 [ref. 36262], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:146 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:222 [ref. 36495], Eagderi et al. 2019:76 [ref. 37020]). •Valid as Leiognathus equula (Forsskål 1775) -- (Uyeno & Yabumoto in Masuda et al. 1984:159 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:621 [ref. 5712], Kottelat 2013:339 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2018:191 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:20 [ref. 36883], Zajonz et al. 2019:76 [ref. 36871], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 22 [ref. 38321], Psomadakis et al. 2020:440 [ref. 37272], Giat in Motomura et al. 2021:31 [ref. 38121]). Current status: Valid as Leiognathus equula (Forsskål 1775). Leiognathidae: Leiognathinae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar, Mascarenes and Persian Gulf east to eastern Caroline Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands (Japan), south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Fiji. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.