Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 2 May 2022

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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orbicularis, Chaetodon Forsskål [P. S.] in Niebuhr 1775:59, xii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P5168 (dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:68 [ref. 9588]. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:53 [ref. 30182]. Holotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 30 [ref. 20847]. •Valid as Platax orbicularis (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:168 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:181 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:605 [ref. 5712], Kishimoto et al. 1988:26 [ref. 13446], Allen & Swainston 1988:94 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:42 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:218 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:46 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:382 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:393 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:146 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:217 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:113 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:236 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:218 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:265 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:528 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:93 [ref. 37268], Heemstra in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1312 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:291 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:267 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:122 [ref. 25868], Heemstra 2001:3617 [ref. 26298], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:194 [ref. 26232], Nakabo 2002:1312 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S120 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:646 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:29 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27715], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:251 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:569 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1719 [ref. 29090], Fricke 2008:53 [ref. 30182], Fricke et al. 2009:105 [ref. 30213], Kimura in Matsuura & Kimura 2009:295 [ref. 31170], Motomura et al. 2010:224 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1004 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:210 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:437 [ref. 32989], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:429 [ref. 33460], Fricke et al. 2014:179 [ref. 33932], Psomadakis et al. 2015:304 [ref. 34104], Koeda et al. 2016:98 [ref. 35333], Ali et al. 2018:338 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:346 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:107 [ref. 36273], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:202 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:295 [ref. 36495], Eagderi et al. 2019:56 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:296 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:97 [ref. 36871], Habib & Islam 2020:Supplementary table p. 26 [ref. 38321], Kim et al. 2020:177 [ref. 39118], Psomadakis et al. 2020:552 [ref. 37272], Hamahashi 2021:38 [ref. 38937]). Current status: Valid as Platax orbicularis (Forsskål 1775). Ephippidae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar, western Mascarenes and Persian Gulf east to Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Korea and Seto Inland Sea (Japan), south to Western Australia, New Caledonia and Tonga; introduced into Western Atlantic waters off Florida, U.S.A. Habitat: brackish, marine.


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