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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Genera in the family or subfamily Scorpaenidae: [ 106 ] records


Acanthodes Fourmanoir [P.] & Crosnier [A.] 1964:23 Masc. Acanthodes fragilis Fourmanoir & Crosnier 1964. Type by monotypy. Not available, genus not defined and perhaps not intended as a new genus. Based on a scorpionfish with a malformed dorsal fin. Name also preoccupied in fossil fishes; Yacius Whitley 1970 is an unneeded replacement. Nomen Nudum. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Acutomentum Eigenmann [C. H.] & Beeson [C. H.] 1893:669 Neut. Sebastodes ovalis Ayres 1862. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Chen 1971:5 [ref. 7668], Mandrytsa 2001:256 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Adelosebastes Eschmeyer [W. N.], Abe [T.] & Nakano [S.] 1979:78 Masc. Adelosebastes latens Eschmeyer, Abe & Nakano 1979. Type by original designation. •Valid as Adelosebastes Eschmeyer, Abe & Nakano 1979 -- (Kanayama 1981:124 [ref. 5539], Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:315 [ref. 6441], Mandrytsa 2001:257 [ref. 25636], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:337 [ref. 25968], Béarez & Motomura 2010:61 [ref. 30680]). Current status: Valid as Adelosebastes Eschmeyer, Abe & Nakano 1979. Scorpaenidae: Sebastolobinae.

Allosebastes Hubbs [C. L.] 1951:129 Masc. Sebastichthys sinensis Gilbert 1890. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:257 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Amphiprionichthys Bleeker [P.] 1855:172 Masc. Amphiprionichthys apistus Bleeker 1855. Type by monotypy. Misspelled Amphprionichthys by Bleeker on p. 172, correctly as Amphiprionichthys (pp. 169, 173). •Synonym of Caracanthus Krøyer 1845 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:256 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Caracanthus Krøyer 1845. Scorpaenidae: Caracanthinae.

Auctospina Eigenmann [C. H.] & Beeson [C. H.] 1893:670 Fem. Sebastes auriculatus Girard 1854. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Chen 1971:5 [ref. 7668], Mandrytsa 2001:256 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Bathysebastes Döderlein [L.] in Steindachner & Döderlein 1884:207 Masc. Bathysebastes albescens Döderlein 1884. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Setarches Johnson 1862 -- (Eschmeyer & Collette 1966:355 [ref. 6485], Mandrytsa 2001:254 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Setarches Johnson 1862. Scorpaenidae: Setarchinae.

Brachirus (subgenus of Pterois) Swainson [W.] 1838:71, 264 Masc. Pterois zebra Cuvier 1829. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Swain 1882:277 [ref. 5966] (for Brachyrus); Brachirus Swainson 1838 regarded as an inadvertent spelling error for Brachyrus Swainson 1838: 264 [ref. 4302] by Eschmeyer & Randall 1975:275 [ref. 6389]; name changed to Dendrochirus on p. 180. See account of Dendrochirus. Kottelat 1998:120 [ref. 23436] points out that Jordan 1919:201 [ref. 2410] serves as first revisor, selecting Brachyrus over Brachirus in Scorpaenidae, and Kottelat uses Brachirus Swainson 1839 as the available genus of soles. See also Desoutter et al. 2001:325 [ref. 25559]. •In the synonymy of Dendrochirus Swainson 1839 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:253 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Dendrochirus Swainson 1839. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae.

Brachypterois Fowler [H. W.] 1938:79 Fem. Brachypterois serrulifer Fowler 1938. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Brachypterois Fowler 1938 -- (Kanayama & Amaoka 1981 [ref. 5584], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:316 [ref. 6441], Poss 1999:2299 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:253 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:877 [ref. 29002], Matsunuma et al. 2013:404 [ref. 32811], Fricke et al. 2018:129 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Brachypterois Fowler 1938. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae.

Brachyrus (subgenus of Pterois) Swainson [W.] 1839:264 Masc. See Dendrochirus Swainson 1839 and Brachirus Swainson 1838. •Synonym of Dendrochirus Swainson 1839 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:253 [ref. 25636]). Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae.

Caracanthus Krøyer [H. N.] 1845:264, 267 Masc. Caracanthus typicus Krøyer 1845. Type by monotypy (also by use of typicus). Tthe Caracanthidae is included in the Scorpaenidae following Shinohara & Imamura 2005:64 [ref. 28198], but retain it in a subfamily for now. •Valid as Caracanthus Krøyer 1845 -- (Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:318 [ref. 6441], Eschmeyer 1986:481 [ref. 5652], Paxton et al. 1989:458 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2355 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:256 [ref. 25636], Shinohara & Imamura 2005:64 [ref. 28198] with placement in the Scorpaenidae, Hoese & Gates 2006:919 [ref. 28997] dated 1844, Motomura 2009:64 [ref. 30463], Fricke et al. 2018:129 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:100 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Caracanthus Krøyer 1845. Scorpaenidae: Caracanthinae.

Centropus Kner [R.] 1860:531 Masc. Centropus staurophorus Kner 1860. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Caracanthus Krøyer 1845 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:256 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Caracanthus Krøyer 1845. Scorpaenidae: Caracanthinae.

Crossoderma Guichenot [A.] 1869:194 Neut. Crossoderma madagascariense Guichenot 1869. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Caracanthus Krøyer 1845 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:256 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Caracanthus Krøyer 1845. Scorpaenidae: Caracanthinae.

Crossoscorpaena Fowler [H. W.] 1938:75 Fem. Sebastes hexanema Günther 1880. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Pontinus Poey 1860 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:251 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Pontinus Poey 1860. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Dendrochirus (subgenus of Pterois) Swainson [W.] 1839:180 Masc. Pterois zebra Cuvier 1829. Type by subsequent designation. As Dendrochirus on p. 180; in volume 1 [1838] as Brachirus (p. 71) and Brachyrus (p. 264). Bleeker 1876:42 serves as first reviser selecting Dendrochirus (see Eschmeyer & Randall 1975:275 [ref. 6389]). Type designated by Swain 1882 for Brachyrus. •Tentatively a synonym of Pterois Oken 1817 -- (Kochzius et al. 2003:400 [ref. 27290] on molecular data). •Valid as Dendrochirus Swainson 1839 -- (Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:316 [ref. 6441], Eschmeyer 1986:465 [ref. 5652], Paxton et al. 1989:440 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2299 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:253 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:878 [ref. 29002], Freshwater et al. 2009:39 [ref. 30268], Motomura 2009:64 [ref. 30463], Matsunuma & Motomura 2013:1 [ref. 32776], Motomura & Struthers 2015:1091 [ref. 34285], Fricke et al. 2018:130 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:52 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:100 [ref. 36673], Matsunuma & Motomura 2019:[1] [ref. 36536]). Current status: Valid as Dendrochirus Swainson 1839. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae.

Dendroscorpaena Smith [J. L. B.] 1957:60 Fem. Perca cirrhosa Thunberg 1793. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Scorpaenichthys Bleeker 1862, preoccupied by Scorpaenichthys Girard 1854 in fishes. •As a group within Scorpaenopsis Heckel 1837 -- (Eschmeyer & Randall 1975:297 [ref. 6389]). •Synonym of Scorpaenopsis Heckel 1837 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:252 [ref. 25636], Randall & Eschmeyer 2002:5 [ref. 25801], Kottelat 2013:314 [ref. 32989]). Replacement Name. Current status: Synonym of Scorpaenopsis Heckel 1837. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Ebosia Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:145 Fem. Pterois bleekeri Döderlein 1884. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Ebosia Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Eschmeyer & Rama-Rao 1978 [ref. 6386], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:316 [ref. 6441], Poss 1999:2299 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:253 [ref. 25636], Matsunuma & Motomura 2014:xx [ref. 33570], Matsunuma & Motomura 2015:xx [ref. 33889], Fricke et al. 2018:130 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Ebosia Jordan & Starks 1904. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae.

Ectreposebastes Garman [S.] 1899:53 Masc. Ectreposebastes imus Garman 1899. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Ectreposebastes Garman 1899 -- (Eschmeyer & Collette 1966:366 [ref. 6485], Eschmeyer 1969:103 [ref. 1274], Eschmeyer & Randall 1975:291 [ref. 6389], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:317 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:441 [ref. 12442], Mandrytsa 1990 [ref. 19834], Poss 1999:2300 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:254 [ref. 25636], Poss & Eschmeyer 2003:1234 [ref. 27048], Allen et al. 2006:869 [ref. 29078], Motomura & Struthers 2015:1084 [ref. 34285], Fricke et al. 2019:98 [ref. 36673], Romanov et al. 2021:284 [ref. 38989]). Current status: Valid as Ectreposebastes Garman 1899. Scorpaenidae: Setarchinae.

Emmelas (subgenus of Sebastodes) Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1898:1765 et seq. Masc. Sebastes glaucus Hilgendorf 1880. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Chen 1971:5 [ref. 7668], Mandrytsa 2001:256 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Eosebastes (subgenus of Sebastodes) Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1896:430 Masc. Sebastichthys aurora Gilbert 1890. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Chen 1971:5 [ref. 7668], Mandrytsa 2001:256 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Eusebastes (subgenus of Sebastes) Sauvage [H.-E.] 1878:115 Masc. Sebastes septentrionalis Gaimard 1851. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Blanc & Hureau 1973:583 [ref. 7218], Mandrytsa 2001:256 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Hatumeus (subgenus of Sebastes) Matsubara [K.] 1943:192 Masc. Sebastodes owstoni Jordan & Thompson 1914. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:257 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Helicolenus Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1896:248 Masc. Scorpaena dactyloptera Delaroche 1809. Type by original designation. •Valid as Helicolenus Goode & Bean 1896 -- (Eschmeyer 1969:93 [ref. 1274], Barsukov 1973 [ref. 7154], Blanc & Hureau 1973:582 [ref. 7218], Barsukov 1981 [ref. 5306], Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Shimizu & Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:313 [ref. 6441], Hureau & Litvinenko in Whitehead et al. 1986:1212 [ref. 13677], Eschmeyer 1986:477 [ref. 5652], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:79 [ref. 15964], Paxton et al. 1989:442 [ref. 12442], Gomon et al. 1994:481 [ref. 22532], Mandrytsa 2001:257 [ref. 25636], Poss & Eschmeyer 2003:1234 [ref. 27048], Kai et al. 2003:239 [ref. 27218], Allen et al. 2006:866 [ref. 29078], Johnson & Motomura 2008:496 [ref. 30648], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:38 [ref. 36649], Shinohara et al. 2011:42 [ref. 31715], Parin et al. 2014:212 [ref. 33547], Struthers & Motomura 2015:1079 [ref. 34284], Bañón et al. 2016:321 [ref. 34397]). Current status: Valid as Helicolenus Goode & Bean 1896. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Hipposcorpaena Fowler [H. W.] 1938:71 Fem. Hipposcorpaena filamentosa Fowler 1938. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Hipposcorpaena Fowler 1938 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1973:304 [ref. 6390], Mandrytsa 2001:255 [ref. 25636], Motomura & Senou 2005:210 [ref. 28253]). Current status: Valid as Hipposcorpaena Fowler 1938. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Hispaniscus (subgenus of Sebastodes) Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1896:431 Masc. Sebastichthys rubrivinctus Jordan & Gilbert 1880. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Chen 1971:5 [ref. 7668], Mandrytsa 2001:256 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Holoscorpaena Fowler [H. W.] 1944:277 Fem. Holoscorpaena didymogramma Fowler 1944. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Scorpaena Linnaeus 1758 -- (see Böhlke 1984:153 [ref. 13621], Mandrytsa 2001:249 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Scorpaena Linnaeus 1758. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Hoplosebastes Schmidt [P. Yu.] 1929:194 Masc. Hoplosebastes armatus Schmidt 1929. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Hoplosebastes Schmidt 1929 -- (Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:314 [ref. 6441], Poss 1999:2302 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:250 [ref. 25636], Poss et al. 2010:243 [ref. 30744]). Current status: Valid as Hoplosebastes Schmidt 1929. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Hozukius Matsubara [K.] 1934:199 Masc. Helicolenus emblemarius Jordan & Starks 1904. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Hozukius MAtsubara 1934 -- (Barsukov & Fedorov 1975 [ref. 7011], Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:313 [ref. 6441], Ishida & Amaoka 1986 [ref. 11443], Mandrytsa 2001:257 [ref. 25636], Kai et al. 2003:239 [ref. 27218], Shinohara et al. 2011:42 [ref. 31715]). Current status: Valid as Hozukius Matsubara 1934. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Hypomacrus Evermann [B. W.] & Seale [A.] 1907:101 Masc. Hypomacrus albaiensis Evermann & Seale 1907. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Scorpaenodes Bleeker 1857 -- (Eschmeyer 1969:2 [ref. 7813], Poss et al. 2010:243 [ref. 30744]). •Valid as Hypomacrus Evermann & Seale 1907 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:250 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Scorpaenodes Bleeker 1857. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Idiastion Eschmeyer [W. N.] 1965:530 Neut. Idiastion kyphos Eschmeyer 1965. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Idiastion Eschmeyer 1965 -- (Eschmeyer 1969:53 [ref. 1274], Anderson et al. 1975:780 [ref. 7056], Ishida & Amaoka 1992:357 [ref. 19515], Mandrytsa 1993:197 [ref. 20724], Poss 1999:2305 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:250 [ref. 25636], Poss & Eschmeyer 2003:1235 [ref. 27048], McCosker 2008:122 [ref. 29639], Okamoto et al. 2012:1 [ref. 32019]). Current status: Valid as Idiastion Eschmeyer 1965. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Iracundus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903:209 Masc. Iracundus signifer Jordan & Evermann 1903. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Iracundus Jordan & Evermann 1903 -- (Eschmeyer & Randall 1975:287 [ref. 6389], Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:317 [ref. 6441], Eschmeyer 1986:468 [ref. 5652], Poss 1999:2303 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:250 [ref. 25636], Fricke et al. 2018:130 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Iracundus Jordan & Evermann 1903. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Kantapus Smith [J. L. B.] 1947:817 Masc. Kantapus oglinus Smith 1947. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Scorpaena Linnaeus 1758 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:249 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Scorpaena Linnaeus 1758. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Lioscorpius Günther [A.] 1880:40 Masc. Lioscorpius longiceps Günther 1880. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Lioscorpius Günther 1880 -- (Eschmeyer & Collette 1966:365 [ref. 6485], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:316 [ref. 6441], Paxton et al. 1989:443 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2300 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:254 [ref. 25636], Last et al. 2005:11 [ref. 28323], Allen et al. 2006:869 [ref. 29078], Fricke et al. 2015:3 [ref. 33930], Wada & Motomura 2022:[1] [ref. 39042]). Current status: Valid as Lioscorpius Günther 1880. Scorpaenidae: Setarchinae.

Lythrichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:140 Masc. Lythrichthys eulabes Jordan & Starks 1904. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Setarches Johnson 1862 -- (Eschmeyer & Collette 1966:355 [ref. 6485], Mandrytsa 2001:254 [ref. 25636]). •Valid as Lythrichthys Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Wada et al. 2021:1 [ref. 38160]). Current status: Valid as Lythrichthys Jordan & Starks 1904. Scorpaenidae: Setarchinae.

Macrochirus Swainson [W.] 1839:70, 71, 180 Masc. Scorpaena miles Bennett 1828. Type by monotypy. Spelled Machrochirus on p. 65, Macrochirus 3 times on pp. 70-71, and once each on p. 180 and 441 (index) and Macrochyrus on 264. Macrochirus here regarded as the correct original spelling unless first reviser can be located for all three names. •Synonym of Pterois Oken 1817 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:253 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Pterois Oken 1817. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae.

Macroscorpius Fowler [H. W.] 1938:75 Masc. Macroscorpius pallidus Fowler 1938. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Lioscorpius Günther 1880 -- (Eschmeyer & Collette 1966:365 [ref. 6485], Mandrytsa 2001:254 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Lioscorpius Günther 1880. Scorpaenidae: Setarchinae.

Mebarus (subgenus of Sebastes) Matsubara [K.] 1943:194 Masc. Sebastes inermis Cuvier 1829. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829, but a valid subgenus Mebarus as described -- (Chen 1985 [ref. 6543]). •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:257 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Merinthe Snyder [J. O.] 1904:535 Fem. Sebastes macrocephalus Sauvage 1882. Type by monotypy. Treated as feminine by author. •Synonym of Pontinus Poey 1860 -- (Eschmeyer 1969:23 [ref. 1274], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:82 [ref. 15964], Mandrytsa 2001:251 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Pontinus Poey 1860. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Mesoscorpia (subgenus of Trachyscorpia) Eschmeyer [W. N.] 1969:50 Fem. Scorpaena capensis Gilchrist & von Bonde 1924. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Trachyscorpia Ginsberg 1953, but a valid subgenus Mesoscorpia as described -- (Mandrytsa 2001:252 [ref. 25636], Motomura et al. 2007:31 [ref. 29317], McCosker 2008:118 [ref. 29639]). Current status: Synonym of Trachyscorpia Ginsburg 1953. Scorpaenidae: Sebastolobinae.

Metzelaaria Jordan [D. S.] 1923:209 Fem. Scorpaena tredecimspinosa Metzelaar 1919. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Scorpaenodes Bleeker 1857 -- (Eschmeyer 1969:2 [ref. 7813], Mandrytsa 2001:251 [ref. 25636], Poss et al. 2010:243 [ref. 30744]). Current status: Synonym of Scorpaenodes Bleeker 1857. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Micropus Gray [J. E.] 1831:20 Masc. Micropus maculatus Gray 1831. Type by monotypy. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Micropus Wolf 1810 in Aves, apparently not replaced. On Official Index (Opinion 502) because of homonymy with Micropus Wolf. •Synonym of Caracanthus Krøyer 1845 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:256 [ref. 25636], Hoese & Gates 2006:919 [ref. 28997]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Caracanthus Krøyer 1845. Scorpaenidae: Caracanthinae.

Murasoius (subgenus of Sebastes) Matsubara [K.] 1943:235 Masc. Sebastes pachycephalus Temminck & Schlegel 1843. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:257 [ref. 25636], Yoshiaki & Nakabo 2013:542 [ref. 32653]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Nemapontinus Fowler [H. W.] 1938:73 Masc. Nemapontinus tentacularis Fowler 1938. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Pontinus Poey 1860 -- (Eschmeyer 1969:23 [ref. 1274], Mandrytsa 2001:251 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Pontinus Poey 1860. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Nemapterois Fowler [H. W.] 1938:81 Fem. Nemapterois biocellatus Fowler 1938. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Dendrochirus Swainson 1839 -- (Eschmeyer & Randall 1975:275 [ref. 6389]). •Synonym of Dendrochirus Swainson 1839, but a valid subgenus Nemapterois -- (Mandrytsa 2001:253 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Dendrochirus Swainson 1839. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae.

Neohispaniscus (subgenus of Sebastes) Matsubara [K.] 1943:226 Masc. Sebastes schlegelii Hilgendorf 1880. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:257 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Neomerinthe Fowler [H. W.] 1935:41 Fem. Neomerinthe hemingwayi Fowler 1935. Type by original designation. •Valid as Neomerinthe Fowler 1935 -- (Eschmeyer 1969:40 [ref. 1274], Eschmeyer 1986:468 [ref. 5652], Paxton et al. 1989:444 [ref. 12442], Poss & Duhamel 1991:101 [ref. 15728], Poss 1999:2305 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:250 [ref. 25636], Zajonz & Klausewitz 2002:1485 [ref. 26817], Poss & Eschmeyer 2003:1235 [ref. 27048], Allen et al. 2006:882 [ref. 29066], Motomura et al. 2011:56 [ref. 31308], Fricke et al. 2015:3 [ref. 33930], Motomura et al. 2015:529 [ref. 33980], Fricke et al. 2018:130 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:53 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:101 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Neomerinthe Fowler 1935. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Neoscorpaena Mandrytsa [S. A.] 2001:251 Fem. Sebastapistes nielseni Smith 1964. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Neoscorpaena Mandrytsa 2001 -- (Fricke et al. 2018:131 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Neoscorpaena Mandrytsa 2001. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Oligoscorpaena Fowler [H. W.] 1939:1 Fem. Scorpaena bandanensis Bleeker 1851. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Sebastapistes Gill 1877 -- (authors). •Synonym of Scorpaena Linnaeus 1759, subgenus Sebastapistes Gill 1877 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:249 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastapistes Gill 1877. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Osorioia (subgenus of Scorpaena) Fowler [H. W.] 1938:63 Fem. Scorpaena hemilepidota Fowler 1938. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Scorpaena Linnaeus 1758 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:249 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Scorpaena Linnaeus 1758. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Panotus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1815:85 Masc. Taenianotus triacanthus Lacepède 1802. Type by being a replacement name. As "Panotus R. [Rafinesque] Taenianotus Lac. [Lacepède]." Name only but an available (unneeded) replacement for Taenianotus Lacepède 1802. •Objective synonym of Taenianotus Lacepède 1802 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:255 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Taenianotus Lacepède 1802. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Parabrachirus Matsubara [K.] 1943:346 Masc. Pterois heterurus Bleeker 1856. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Objective synonym of Parapterois Bleeker 1876 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:253 [ref. 25636], Matsunuma & Motomura 2021:[2] [ref. 38848]). Current status: Synonym of Parapterois Bleeker 1876. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae.

Parapterois Bleeker [P.] 1876:296 Fem. Pterois heterurus Bleeker 1856. Type by original designation. •Valid as Parapterois Bleeker 1876 -- (Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:316 [ref. 6441], Eschmeyer 1986:466 [ref. 5652], Poss 1999:2299 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:253 [ref. 25636], Motomura 2004:1 [ref. 27693], Matsunuma et al. 2013:50 [ref. 33131], Fricke et al. 2018:131 [ref. 35805], Matsunuma & Motomura 2021:[2] [ref. 38848]). Current status: Valid as Parapterois Bleeker 1876. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae.

Parascorpaena Bleeker [P.] 1876:295 Fem. Scorpaena picta Cuvier 1829. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Also in Bleeker 1876:4 [ref. 12248]. •Synonym of Scorpaena Linnaeus 1758, but a valid subgenus Parascorpaena -- (Mandrytsa 2001:250 [ref. 25636]). •Valid as Parascorpaena Bleeker 1876 -- (Eschmeyer 1986:469 [ref. 5652], Poss 1999:2300 [ref. 24796], Allen et al. 2006:882 [ref. 29066], Motomura et al. 2009:41 [ref. 30319], Motomura et al. 2009:41 [ref. 30319], Motomura 2009:64 [ref. 30463], Fricke et al. 2016:423 [ref. 34135], Fricke et al. 2018:131 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:53 [ref. 36273], Chou & Liao 2022:1 [ref. 39195]). Current status: Valid as Parascorpaena Bleeker 1876. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Parascorpaenodes Smith [J. L. B.] 1957:63 Masc. Parascorpaenodes hirsutus Smith 1957. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Scorpaenodes Bleeker 1857 -- (Eschmeyer 1969:2 [ref. 7813], Mandrytsa 2001:251 [ref. 25636], Poss et al. 2010:243 [ref. 30744]). Current status: Synonym of Scorpaenodes Bleeker 1857. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Paronescodes Smith [J. L. B.] 1958:177 Masc. Paronescodes asperrimus Smith 1958. Type by original designation, second species included as possible senior synonym of type. •Synonym of Scorpaenodes Bleeker 1857 -- (Eschmeyer 1969:2 [ref. 7813], Mandrytsa 2001:252 [ref. 25636], Poss et al. 2010:243 [ref. 30744]). Current status: Synonym of Scorpaenodes Bleeker 1857. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Peloropsis Gilbert [C. H.] 1905:630 Fem. Peloropsis xenops Gilbert 1905. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Rhinopias Gill 1905 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1973:287 [ref. 6390], Mandrytsa 2001:255 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Rhinopias Gill 1905. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Phenacoscorpius Fowler [H. W.] 1938:69 Masc. Phenacoscorpius megalops Fowler 1938. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Phenacoscorpius Fowler 1938 -- (Eschmeyer 1969:51 [ref. 1274], Eschmeyer 1965:522 [ref. 1273], Eschmeyer & Randall 1975:293 [ref. 6389], Eschmeyer 1986:470 [ref. 5652], Poss 1999:2300 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:251 [ref. 25636], Poss & Eschmeyer 2003:1234 [ref. 27048], Motomura 2009:774 [ref. 30292], Motomura & Last 2009:27 [ref. 30568], Motomura et al. 2012:145 [ref. 32375], Motomura et al. 2012:151 [ref. 32376], Okamoto et al. 2012:77 [ref. 33660], Fricke et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33930], Motomura & Struthers 2015:1093 [ref. 34285], Wibowo & Motomura 2017:261 [ref. 35599], Fricke et al. 2018:132 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:101 [ref. 36673], Wibowo & Motomura 2022:1 [ref. 38946]). Current status: Valid as Phenacoscorpius Fowler 1938. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Pogonoscorpius Regan [C. T.] 1908:236 Masc. Pogonoscorpius sechellensis Regan 1908. Type by monotypy. •Possibly a synonym of Rhinopias Gill 1905 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1973:287, 303 [ref. 6390]). •Valid as Pogonoscorpius Regan 1908 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:255 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Valid as Pogonoscorpius Regan 1908. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Pontinus Poey [F.] 1860:172 Masc. Pontinus castor Poey 1860. Type regarded as by monotypy since Poey only included one species with certainty (see also Eschmeyer 1965:527 [ref. 1273]). •Valid as Pontinus Poey 1860 -- (Eschmeyer 1969:23 [ref. 1274], Blanc & Hureau 1973:582 [ref. 7218], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:314 [ref. 6441], Hureau & Litvinenko in Whitehead et al. 1986:1213 [ref. 13677], Eschmeyer 1986:470 [ref. 5652], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:82 [ref. 15964], Poss 1999:2304 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:251 [ref. 25636], Poss & Eschmeyer 2003:1235 [ref. 27048], Robertson et al. 2017:77 [ref. 35676], Fricke et al. 2018:132 [ref. 35805], Brown et al. 2019:179 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Pontinus Poey 1860. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Primospina Eigenmann [C. H.] & Beeson [C. H.] 1893:669 Fem. Sebastichthys mystinus Jordan & Gilbert 1881. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Chen 1971:5 [ref. 7668], Mandrytsa 2001:256 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Pseudomonopterus Bleeker [P.] 1863:266 Masc. Gasterosteus volitans Linnaeus 1758. Type by monotypy. Validates Pseudomonopterus Klein 1777. •Synonym of Pterois Oken 1817 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:253 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Pterois Oken 1817. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae.

Pseudopterus Walbaum [J. J.] (ex Klein) 1792:587 Masc. Not available, published in a part of work rejected for nomenclatural purposes in Opinion 21 (1938). Based on Klein 1749:75 [ref. 30141]. •In the synonymy of Pterois Oken 1817. Suppressed. Current status: Synonym of Pterois Oken 1817. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae.

Pseudopterus Bleeker [P.] (ex Klein) 1876:296 Masc. Gasterosteus volitans Linnaeus 1758. Also in Bleeker 1876:40 [ref. 12248]; published as a name in the synonymy of Pseudomonopterus. Apparently not available, not subsequently treated as a valid taxon or as a senior homonym. Type as listed by Jordan 1920:384 [ref. 4904]. •In the synonymy of Pterois Oken 1817-- (Mandrytsa 2001:253 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Pterois Oken 1817. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae.

Pseudopterus Klein [J. T.] 1776:139 Masc. Not available, published in a work that does not conform to the principle of binominal nomenclature. •In the synonymy of Pterois Oken 1817. Suppressed. Current status: Synonym of Pterois Oken 1817. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae.

Pteroidichthys Bleeker [P.] 1856:33 Masc. Pteroidichthys amboinensis Bleeker 1856. Type by monotypy. •Possibly valid as Pteroidichthys Bleeker 1856 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1973:305 [ref. 6390]). •Valid as Pterodichthys Bleeker 1856 -- (Rama-Rao 1980 [ref. 6797], Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:317 [ref. 6441], Chen & Liu 1984:101 [ref. 13451], Paxton et al. 1989:446 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2301 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:255 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:884 [ref. 29066], Fricke et al. 2015:1 [ref. 33892], Motomura & Kanade 2015:491 [ref. 34096], Golani & Fricke 2018:53 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Pteroidichthys Bleeker 1856. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Pterois Oken [L.] (ex Cuvier) 1817:1182 Fem. Scorpaena volitans of Bloch (= Gasterosteus volitans Linnaeus 1758). Type by subsequent designation. Based on "Les Pterois" of Cuvier 1816 (see Gill 1903:966 [ref. 5768]). Technical addition of species not researched. Type apparently designated by Desmarest 1856:215 [ref. 17401]; also see Whitley 1935:137 [ref. 6396] and 1939:223 [ref. 25866]. Treated as feminine by most authors. •Valid as Pterois Oken 1817 -- (Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:316 [ref. 6441], Eschmeyer 1986:466 [ref. 5652], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:91 [ref. 15964], Paxton et al. 1989:446 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2298 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:253 [ref. 25636], Kochzius et al. 2003:399 [ref. 27290], Allen et al. 2006:879 [ref. 29002], Allen & Erdmann 2008:128 [ref. 29479], Freshwater et al. 2009:39 [ref. 30268], Aguilar-Perera & Tuz-Sulun 2010:S9 [ref. 31683], Motomura et al. 2011:98 [ref. 31717], Betancur-R. et al. 2011:1 [ref. 32977], Hubert et al. 2012:5 [ref. 31846], Hubert et al. 2012:5 [ref. 31846], Matsunuma & Motomura 2013:163 [ref. 33130], Matsunuma & Motomura 2014:1 [ref. 33609], Motomura & Struthers 2015:1095 [ref. 34285], Motomura et al. 2017:67 [ref. 35490], Wilcox et al. 2017:1 [ref. 35525], Fricke et al. 2018:132 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:53 [ref. 36273], Matsunuma & Motomura 2018:96 [ref. 36416], Fricke et al. 2019:101 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Pterois Oken 1817. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae.

Pteroleptus (subgenus of Pterois) Swainson [W.] 1839:180, 264 Masc. Pteroleptus longicauda Swainson 1839. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Pterois Oken 1817 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:253 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Pterois Oken 1817. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae.

Pteropelor Fowler [H. W.] 1938:77 Neut. Pteropelor noronhai Fowler 1938. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Possibly valid as Pteropelor Fowler 1938 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1973:305 [ref. 6390]). •Valid as Pteropelor Fowler 1938 -- (Chen & Liu 1984:93 [ref. 13451], Mandrytsa 2001:255 [ref. 25636], Mandrytsa 2002:567 [ref. 26272]). •Synonym of Pteroidichthys Bleeker 1856 based on type placement -- (Motomura et al. 2011:65 [ref. 31308], Motomura & Kanade 2015:491 [ref. 34096]). Current status: Synonym of Pteroidichthys Bleeker 1856. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Pteropodus Eigenmann [C. H.] & Beeson [C. H.] 1893:670 Masc. Sebastichthys maliger Jordan & Gilbert 1880. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Chen 1971:5 [ref. 7668], Mandrytsa 2001:256 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Pteropterus (subgenus of Pterois) Swainson [W.] 1839:180, 264 Masc. Pterois radiata Cuvier 1829. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Pterois Oken 1817 -- (authors). •Valid as Pteropterus Swainson 1839 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:254 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Pterois Oken 1817. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae.

Ranipterois Whitley [G. P.] 1951:407 Fem. Brachypterois serrulifer Fowler 1938. Type by being a replacement name. Unneeded replacement for Brachypterois Fowler 1938, not preoccupied by Brachypterois Jordan & Seale 1906, a misspelling for Bathypterois Günther. •Objective synonym of Brachypterois Fowler 1938 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:253 [ref. 25636], Matsunuma et al. 2013:404 [ref. 32811]). Current status: Synonym of Brachypterois Fowler 1938. Scorpaenidae: Pteroinae.

Rhinopias Gill [T. N.] 1905:225 Masc. Scorpaena frondosa Günther 1892. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Rhinopias Gill 1905 -- (Eschmeyer et al. 1973 [ref. 6390], Condé 1977 [ref. 7241], Dinesen & Nash 1982 [ref. 5487], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:315 [ref. 6441], Eschmeyer 1986:470 [ref. 5652], Paxton et al. 1989:447 [ref. 12442], Randall & DiSalvo 1997:1035 [ref. 22982], Poss 1999:2301 [ref. 24796], Randall 2001:6 [ref. 25610], Mandrytsa 2001:255 [ref. 25636], Mandrytsa 2002:569 [ref. 26272], Motomura & Johnson 2006:500 [ref. 28799], Allen et al. 2006:884 [ref. 29066], Fricke et al. 2018:133 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Rhinopias Gill 1905. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Rosicola (subgenus of Sebastodes) Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1896:429 Masc. Sebastosomus pinniger Gill 1864. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Chen 1971:5 [ref. 7668], Mandrytsa 2001:256 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Ruboralga Whitley [G. P.] 1931:326 Fem. Scorpaena jacksoniensis Steindachner 1866. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Scorpaena Linnaeus 1758 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:249 [ref. 25636], Motomura et al. 2011:330 [ref. 31618]). Current status: Synonym of Scorpaena Linnaeus 1758. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Scorpaena Linnaeus [C.] 1758:266 Fem. Scorpaena porcus Linnaeus 1758. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1876:3 [ref. 12248] and 1876:295 [ref. 450]. On Official List (Opinion 77, Direction 56). •Valid as Scorpaena Linnaeus 1758 -- (Eschmeyer 1965 [ref. 9211], Blanc & Hureau 1973:579 [ref. 7218], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:314 [ref. 6441], Hureau & Litvinenko in Whitehead et al. 1986:1214 [ref. 13677], Eschmeyer 1986:471 [ref. 5652], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:83 [ref. 15964], Paxton et al. 1989:447 [ref. 12442], Schultz 1993 [ref. 21806], Gomon et al. 1994:491 [ref. 22532], Reshetnikov 1998:149 [ref. 23570], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:237 [ref. 24550], Poss 1999:2304 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:249 [ref. 25636], Parin et al. 2002:S64 [ref. 28300], Poss & Eschmeyer 2003:1234 [ref. 27048], Motomura et al. 2007:36 [ref. 29012], Allen et al. 2006:884 [ref. 29066], Motomura & Senou 2008:1761 [ref. 29593], Johnson & Motomura 2008:487 [ref. 30648], Motomura et al. 2009:139 [ref. 30729], Motomura & McCosker 2009:135 [ref. 30886], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:38 [ref. 36649], Motomura & Peristiwady 2010:127 [ref. 31100], Motomura et al. 2011:315, 330 [ref. 31618], Victor 2013:30 [ref. 32943], Parin et al. 2014:224 [ref. 33547], Motomura & Struthers 2015:1097 [ref. 34285], Fricke et al. 2018:133 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2018:[2] [ref. 36159], Golani & Fricke 2018:54 [ref. 36273], Brown et al. 2019:179 [ref. 36444], Fricke et al. 2019:101 [ref. 36673], Wibowo et al. 2019:296 [ref. 37166], Fricke & Zhukov 2020:115 [ref. 37214], Wibowo & Motomura 2020:527 [ref. 37777], Wibowo & Motomura 2021:[3] [ref. 38565]). Current status: Valid as Scorpaena Linnaeus 1758. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Scorpaenella Fowler [H. W.] 1938:83 Fem. Scorpaenella cypho Fowler 1938. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Setarches Johnson 1862 -- (Eschmeyer & Collette 1966:355 [ref. 6485], Mandrytsa 2001:254 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Setarches Johnson 1862. Scorpaenidae: Setarchinae.

Scorpaenichthys Bleeker [P.] 1856:385, 402 Masc. Scorpaena gibbosa Bloch & Schneider 1801. Type by subsequent designation. Type apparently first designated by Jordan 1919:267 [ref. 2410]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Scorpaenichthys Girard 1854 in fishes; replaced by Dendroscorpaena Smith 1957. •In the synonymy of Scorpaenopsis Heckel 1837 -- (Eschmeyer & Randall 1975:296 [ref. 6389], Mandrytsa 2001:252 [ref. 25636], Randall & Eschmeyer 2002:5 [ref. 25801], Kottelat 2013:314 [ref. 32989]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Scorpaenopsis Heckel 1837. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Scorpaenodes Bleeker [P.] 1857:371 Masc. Scorpaena polylepis Bleeker 1851. Type by monotypy. Also appeared in Bleeker 1857:452 [ref. 6220] with 2 included species. •Valid as Scorpaenodes Bleeker 1857 -- (Eschmeyer 1969:2 [ref. 7813], Eschmeyer 1969:85 [ref. 1274], Blanc & Hureau 1973:583 [ref. 7218], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:314 [ref. 6441], Hureau & Litvinenko in Whitehead et al. 1986:1221 [ref. 13677], Eschmeyer 1986:471 [ref. 5652], Paxton et al. 1989:449 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2302 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:251 [ref. 25636], Greenfield & Matsuura 2002:973 [ref. 26507], Poss & Eschmeyer 2003:1234 [ref. 27048], Allen et al. 2006:886 [ref. 29066], Motomura 2009:66 [ref. 30463], Motomura et al. 2009:75 [ref. 30328], Motomura et al. 2010:17 [ref. 30748], Poss et al. 2010:243 [ref. 30744], Motomura & Struthers 2015:1100 [ref. 34285], Motomura et al. 2016:345 [ref. 34411], Fricke et al. 2018:133 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:54 [ref. 36273], Brown et al. 2019:180 [ref. 36444], Fricke et al. 2019:103 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Scorpaenodes Bleeker 1857. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Scorpaenopsella Fowler [H. W.] 1938:67 Fem. Scorpaenopsella armata Fowler 1938. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Setarches Johnson 1862. Current status: Synonym of Setarches Johnson 1862. Scorpaenidae: Setarchinae.

Scorpaenopsis Heckel [J. J.] 1837:158 Fem. Scorpaena nesogallica Cuvier 1829. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1876:4 and 28 [ref. 12248]; Bleeker designated Scorpaena gibbosa Bloch as type (not an included species) but on p. 28 treated nesogallica and gibbosa as synonyms, therefore nesogallica is type (Art. 69.2.2). •Valid as Scorpaenopsis Heckel 1837 (often dated 1839 or 1840) -- (Eschmeyer 1986:473 [ref. 5652], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:87 [ref. 15964], Paxton et al. 1989:450 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2303 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:252 [ref. 25636], Randall & Eschmeyer 2002:5 [ref. 25801], Motomura 2004:546 [ref. 27914], Motomura et al. 2004:89 [ref. 28581], Motomura & Shinohara 2005:296 [ref. 29181], Allen et al. 2006:888 [ref. 29066], Motomura 2008:774 [ref. 20292], Motomura 2009:67 [ref. 30463], Motomura & Causse 2011:45 [ref. 31125], Motomura et al. 2011:100 [ref. 31717], Fricke et al. 2013:207 [ref. 32768], Kottelat 2013:314 [ref. 32989], Motomura et al. 2017:68 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:134 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:55 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:103 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Scorpaenopsis Heckel 1837. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Scorpius Plumier [C.] in Lacepède 1801:282 (footnote) Masc. Not available, nonbinominal name mentioned in passing under Scorpaena plumieri; also name used by other earlier workers. See remarks under Opinion 89 in Appendix B in Eschmeyer et al. 1990 [ref. 26735]. Current status: Synonym of Scorpaena Linnaeus 1758. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Sebastapistes Gill [T. N.] in Streets 1877:62 Masc. Scorpaena strongia Cuvier 1829. Type by subsequent designation. Three included species, earliest type designation found is Jordan & Evermann 1898:1839 [ref. 2444]. •Synonym of Scorpaena Linnaeus 1758 but a valid subgenus Sebastapistes -- (Mandrytsa 2001:250 [ref. 25636]). •Valid as Sebastapistes Gill 1877 -- (Fröiland 1972:358 [ref. 30490], Blanc & Hureau 1973:585 [ref. 7218], Eschmeyer 1986:475 [ref. 5652], Poss 1999:2304 [ref. 24796], Randall & Poss 2002:61 [ref. 25855], Zajonz & Klausewitz 2002:1485 [ref. 26817], Allen et al. 2006:891 [ref. 29066], Motomura 2009:64 [ref. 30037], Motomura & Senou 2009:1 [ref. 30176], Hubert et al. 2012:5 [ref. 31846], Motomura et al. 2014:133 [ref. 33591], Fricke et al. 2018:136 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:56 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:103 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Sebastapistes Gill 1877. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Sebastella Tanaka [S.] 1917:10 Fem. Sebastella littoralis Tanaka 1917. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Scorpaenodes Bleeker 1857 -- (Eschmeyer 1969:2 [ref. 7813], Mandrytsa 2001:251 [ref. 25636], Poss et al. 2010:243 [ref. 30744]). Current status: Synonym of Scorpaenodes Bleeker 1857. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Sebastes Cuvier [G.] 1829:166 Masc. Perca norvegica Ascanius 1772. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1876:2 [ref. 12248] and 1876:294 [ref. 450]; species may go back to Ascanius 1772:7 (see Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:240 [ref. 20707]). •Valid as Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Chen 1971:4 [ref. 7668], Blanc & Hureau 1973:583 [ref. 7218], Chen 1975 [ref. 7413], Barsukov 1981 [ref. 5306], Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:310 [ref. 6441], Hureau & Litvinenko in Whitehead et al. 1986:1224 [ref. 13677], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:22 [ref. 15964], Kendall 1991:173 [ref. 16776], Rocha-Olivares et al. 1999:404 [ref. 27389], Kendall & Orr 2000:1 [ref. 25209], Kendall 2000:1 [ref. 25796], Mandrytsa 2001:256 [ref. 25636], Love et al. 2002:5 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:337 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2002:S60 [ref. 28300], Kai et al. 2003:239 [ref. 27218], Orr & Hawkins 2008:111 [ref. 29591], Kai & Nakabo 2008:238 [ref. 29759], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:121 [ref. 31212], Kai et al. 2011:333 [ref. 31619], Shinohara et al. 2011:42 [ref. 31715], Yoshiaki & Nakabo 2013:541 [ref. 32653], Venerus et al. 2013 [ref. 32720], Kai et al. 2013:175 [ref. 33093], Parin et al. 2014:212 [ref. 33547], Frable et al. 2015:355 [ref. 33878], Pietsch & Orr 2015:29 [ref. 34694], Dyldin & Orlov 2017:59 [ref. 35138], Muto et al. 2018:[1] [ref. 35963]). Current status: Valid as Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Sebastichthys Gill [T. N.] 1862:278 Masc. Sebastes nigrocinctus Ayres 1859. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Bleeker 1876:2 [ref. 12248] and 1876:294 [ref. 450]. •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Chen 1971:4 [ref. 7668], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:22 [ref. 15964], Mandrytsa 2001:256 [ref. 25636], Parin et al. 2002:S61 [ref. 28300], Parin et al. 2014:212 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Sebastiscus Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:124 Masc. Sebastes marmoratus Cuvier 1829. Type by original designation (type in parentheses). •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829, but a valid subgenus Sebastiscus -- (Barsukov & Chen 1978 [ref. 7010], Barsukov 1981 [ref. 5306], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:22 [ref. 15964]). •Valid as Sebastiscus Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Shimizu and Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:313 [ref. 6441], Poss 1999:2301 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:257 [ref. 25636], Kai et al. 2003:239 [ref. 27218], Allen et al. 2006:867 [ref. 29078], Morishita et al. 2018:[1] [ref. 35907]). Current status: Valid as Sebastiscus Jordan & Starks 1904. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Sebastocarus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1927:507 Masc. Sebastichthys serriceps Jordan & Gilbert 1880. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Chen 1971:5 [ref. 7668], Mandrytsa 2001:257 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Sebastocles (subgenus of Sebastes) Jordan [D. S.] & Hubbs [C. L.] 1925:260 Masc. Sebastichthys hubbsi Matsubara 1937. Type designated by ICZN; on Official List (Opinion 1235). •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:256 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Sebastodes Gill [T. N.] 1861:165 Masc. Sebastes paucispinis Ayres 1854. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Chen 1971:4 [ref. 7668], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:22 [ref. 15964], Mandrytsa 2001:256 [ref. 25636], Parin et al. 2002:S60 [ref. 28300], Parin et al. 2014:212 [ref. 33547]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Sebastolobus Gill [T. N.] 1881:375 Masc. Sebastes macrochir Günther 1877. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Sebastolobus Gill 1881 -- (Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:315 [ref. 6441], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1987:89 [ref. 15964], Mandrytsa 2001:258 [ref. 25636], Love et al. 2002:115 [ref. 26216], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:337 [ref. 25968], Parin et al. 2002:S63 [ref. 28300], Béarez & Motomura 2010:61 [ref. 30680], Parin et al. 2014:223 [ref. 33547], Pietsch & Orr 2015:36 [ref. 34694], Robertson et al. 2017:76 [ref. 35676]). Current status: Valid as Sebastolobus Gill 1881. Scorpaenidae: Sebastolobinae.

Sebastomus Gill [T. N.] 1864:147 Masc. Sebastes rosaceus Girard 1854. Type by monotypy. •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Chen 1971:4 [ref. 7668], Mandrytsa 2001:256 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Sebastoplus Gill [T. N.] 1863:208 Masc. Scorpaena kuhlii Bowdich 1825. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Pontinus Poey 1860 -- (Eschmeyer 1969:23 [ref. 1274], Blanc & Hureau 1973:582 [ref. 7218], Mandrytsa 2001:251 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Pontinus Poey 1860. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Sebastopsis Sauvage [H.-E.] 1873:1 Fem. Sebastes minutus Cuvier 1829. Type by original designation. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Sebastopsis Gill 1863 in fishes. •In the synonymy of Scorpaenodes Bleeker 1857 -- (Eschmeyer 1969:2 [ref. 7813], Mandrytsa 2001:251 [ref. 25636], Poss et al. 2010:243 [ref. 30744]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Scorpaenodes Bleeker 1857. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Sebastopsis Gill [T. N.] 1862:278 Fem. Scorpaena polylepis Bleeker 1851. Type by monotypy. •Objective synonym of Scorpaenodes Bleeker 1857 -- (Eschmeyer 1969:2 [ref. 7813], Mandrytsa 2001:251 [ref. 25636], Poss et al. 2010:243 [ref. 30744]). Current status: Synonym of Scorpaenodes Bleeker 1857. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Sebastopyr Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1927:506 Neut. Sebastolobus ruberrimus Jordan & Gilbert 1883. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Chen 1971:5 [ref. 7668], Mandrytsa 2001:257 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Sebastosomus Gill [T. N.] 1864:59, 147 Masc. Sebastes melanops Girard 1856. Type by original designation. •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Chen 1971:5 [ref. 7668], Mandrytsa 2001:256 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Setarches Johnson [J. Y.] 1862:177 Masc. Setarches guentheri Johnson 1862. Type by monotypy. •Valid as Setarches Johnson 1862 -- (Eschmeyer 1969:102 [ref. 1274], Blanc & Hureau 1973:584 [ref. 7218], Eschmeyer & Collette 1966:355 [ref. 6485], Amaoka in Masuda et al. 1984:317 [ref. 6441], Eschmeyer 1986:478 [ref. 5652], Hureau & Litvinenko in Whitehead et al. 1986:1227 [ref. 13677], Paxton et al. 1989:451 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2300 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:254 [ref. 25636], Poss & Eschmeyer 2003:1234 [ref. 27048], Allen et al. 2006:870 [ref. 29078], Shinohara et al. 2011:42 [ref. 31715], Motomura & Struthers 2015:1085 [ref. 34285], Fricke et al. 2018:129 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:99 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Setarches Johnson 1862. Scorpaenidae: Setarchinae.

Taenianotus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:303 Masc. Taenianotus triacanthus Lacepède 1802. Type by subsequent designation. Type designated by Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829:317 [ref. 998]. Taenionotus Agassiz 1846:360 [ref. 64] is an unjustified emendation. •Valid as Taenianotus Lacepède 1802 -- (Eschmeyer & Randall 1975:285 [ref. 6389], Nakabo in Masuda et al. 1984:317 [ref. 6441], Eschmeyer 1986:476 [ref. 5652], Paxton et al. 1989:452 [ref. 12442], Poss 1999:2301 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:255 [ref. 25636], Allen et al. 2006:892 [ref. 29066], Motomura 2009:69 [ref. 30463], Fricke et al. 2018:136 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:104 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Taenianotus Lacepède 1802. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Taenionotus Agassiz [L.] 1846:360 Masc. Taenianotus triacanthus Lacepède 1802. Type by being an unjustified emendation. An unjustified emendation of Taenianotus Lacepède 1802 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:255 [ref. 25636]). •Synonym of Taenianotus Lacepède 1802. Unjustified Emend.. Current status: Synonym of Taenianotus Lacepède 1802. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Takenokius (subgenus of Sebastes) Matsubara [K.] 1943:233 Masc. Sebastes oblongus Günther 1877. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:257 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.

Thysanichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] 1904:122 Masc. Thysanichthys crossotus Jordan & Starks 1904. Type by original designation (also monotypic). •Valid as Thysanichthys Jordan & Starks 1904 -- (Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:313 [ref. 6441], Mandrytsa 1993:22 [ref. 21231], Poss 1999:2302 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:257 [ref. 25636], Poss et al. 2010:243 [ref. 30744], Motomura et al. 2010:71 [ref. 31103]). Current status: Valid as Thysanichthys Jordan & Starks 1904. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Trachycephalus De Vis [C. W.] 1884:455 Masc. Trachycephalus bankiensis De Vis 1884. Type by monotypy. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Trachycephalus Tschudi 1838 in batrachians, apparently not replaced. •In the synonymy of Caracanthus Krøyer 1845 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:256 [ref. 25636]). 1°Homonym. Current status: Synonym of Caracanthus Krøyer 1845. Scorpaenidae: Caracanthinae.

Trachyscorpia Ginsburg [I.] 1953:23, 57 Fem. Scorpaena cristulata Goode & Bean 1896. Type by original designation. •Valid as Trachyscorpia Ginsburg 1953 -- (Eschmeyer 1969:46 [ref. 1274], Blanc & Hureau 1973:585 [ref. 7218], Washington et al. 1984:440 [ref. 13660], Hureau & Litvinenko in Whitehead et al. 1986:1228 [ref. 13677], Eschmeyer 1986:477 [ref. 5652], Gomon et al. 1994:493 [ref. 22532], Poss 1999:2298 [ref. 24796], Mandrytsa 2001:256 [ref. 25636], Poss & Eschmeyer 2003:1235 [ref. 27048], Allen et al. 2006:867 [ref. 29078], Motomura et al. 2007:19 [ref. 29137], McCosker 2008:118 [ref. 29639], Johnson & Motomura 2008:498 [ref. 30648], Béarez & Motomura 2010:61 [ref. 30680], Struthers & Motomura 2015:1081 [ref. 34284], Bañón et al. 2016:321 [ref. 34397]). Current status: Valid as Trachyscorpia Ginsburg 1953. Scorpaenidae: Sebastolobinae.

Ursinoscorpaenopsis Nakabo [T.] & Yamada [U.] 1996:141 Fem. Ursinoscorpaenopsis kitai Nakabo & Yamada 1996. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Generic names ending in -opsis are feminine. •Valid as Ursinoscorpaenopsis Nakabo & Yamada 1996 -- (Mandrytsa 2001:252 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Valid as Ursinoscorpaenopsis Nakabo & Yamada 1996. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Yacius Whitley [G. P.] 1970:245 Masc. Acanthodes fragilis Fourmanoir & Crosnier 1964. Type by being a replacement name. Replacement for Acanthodes Fourmanoir & Crosnier 1964, regarded as preoccupied (but Fourmanoir & Crosnier's genus is not available). Based on an unidentifiable larva. Current status: Uncertain. Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae.

Zalopyr (subgenus of Sebastodes) Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1898:1795 Neut. Sebastodes aleutianus Jordan & Evermann 1898. Type by original designation (also monotypic). Type designated in text on p. 1795. •Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829 -- (Chen 1971:5 [ref. 7668], Mandrytsa 2001:257 [ref. 25636]). Current status: Synonym of Sebastes Cuvier 1829. Scorpaenidae: Sebastinae.


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