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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Hypanus: [ 16 ] records


americana, Dasyatis Hildebrand [S. F.] & Schroeder [W. C.] 1928:64, Fig. 35 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 43 (1927, pt 1); ref. 2163] Crisfield, Maryland, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 88378. Paratypes: Chesapeake Bay coll. (1). Additional material: 3 newly born specimens. •Questionably a synonym of Dasyatis hastata (DeKay 1842) -- (Séret in Lévêque et al. 1990:69 [ref. 21589]). •Valid as Dasyatis americana Hildebrand & Schroeder 1928 -- (Uyeno & Sasaki in Uyeno et al. 1983:82 [ref. 14275], Compagno & Roberts 1984:285 [ref. 8237], Robins & Ray 1986:41 [ref. 23100], Nishida 1990:92 [ref. 19783], Boschung 1992:26 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:198 [ref. 23827], Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:44 [ref. 22793], Murdy et al. 1997:45 [ref. 23144], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:174 [ref. 23897], Aguilera 1998:45 [ref. 24221], Cervigón & Alcalá 1999:178 [ref. 24490], Compagno 1999:495 [ref. 25589], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:74 [ref. 24550], Gomes et al. 2000:514 [ref. 24451], Menni & Stehmann 2000:89 [ref. 24909], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:147 [ref. 27754], Rosenberger 2001:615 [ref. 25447], Rocha & Rosa 2001:989 [ref. 25909], Camargo & Isaac 2001:144 [ref. 27639], Collette et al. 2003:98 [ref. 26784], Gomes & Gadig in Menezes et al. 2003:30 [ref. 27192], McEachran & Carvalho 2003:566 [ref. 26985], Smith et al. 2003:6 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:56 [ref. 27807], Santos et al. 2004:1 [ref. 27848], Santos & Carvalho 2004:14 [ref. 28040], Page et al. 2013:56 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:21 [ref. 33341], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:127 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:128 [ref. 34211]). •Valid as Hypanus americanus (Hildebrand & Schroeder 1928) -- (Last et al. 2016:356 [ref. 34581], Robertson et al. 2016:144 [ref. 34961] as americana, Last et al. 2016:565 [ref. 35010], Ehemann et al. 2018:26 [ref. 36194], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:344 [ref. 36407], Spier et al. 2018:5 [ref. 36103], Ehemann et al. 2019:[6] [ref. 36861], Jones et al. 2020:298 [ref. 37610], Petean et al. 2020:1131 [ref. 37830], Robertson et al. 2020:153 [ref. 38098], Escobar-Sierra et al. 2021:73 [ref. 38844], Bennema & van Moorsel 2022:74 [ref. 39585], Blanco-Parra & Niño-Torres 2022:Correction, p. 5 [ref. 38986], Angulo et al. 2023:12 [ref. 40676], Carvalho-Filho 2023:319 [ref. 40480], Castillo Domínguez et al. 2023:7 [ref. 40663], Hoff et al. 2023:5 [ref. 40463], Page et al. 2023:46 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Hypanus americanus (Hildebrand & Schroeder 1928). Dasyatidae: Dasyatinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: New Jersey (U.S.A.) south to Amapá (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

berthalutzae, Hypanus Petean [F. F.], Naylor [G. J. P.] & Lima [S. M. Q.] 2020:1129, Figs. 7a, 7d, 10-15 [Journal of Fish Biology v. 97 (no. 4); ref. 37830] Praia do Porto, Fernando de Noronha, Pernambuco, Brazil, 3°50'02.5"S, 32°24'05.3"W. Holotype: MNRJ 51963. Paratypes: LIRP, MNRJ; MZUSP 9925 (1); UERJ, USNM. Type catalog: Lima et al. 2023:309 [ref. 40221]. •Valid as Hypanus berthalutzae Petean, Naylor & Lima 2020 -- (Araujo & Gomes 2021:32 [ref. 39130], Carvalho-Filho 2023:319 [ref. 40480], Gadig et al. 2024:77 [ref. 40775]). Current status: Valid as Hypanus berthalutzae Petean, Naylor & Lima 2020. Dasyatidae: Dasyatinae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: mouth of Amazon River south to Santa Catarina (Brazil), including the northeastern oceanic islands. Habitat: marine.

brevis, Trygon Garman [S.] 1880:171 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 6 (no. 11); ref. 17881] Payta, Peru and other localities. Syntypes (?): MCZ 371-S, 422-S (1). Type catalog: Hartel & Dingerkus 1997:xlv [ref. 23119]. The species dipterura has priority over brevis if considered synonyms. •Valid as Dasyatis brevis (Garman 1880) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:54 [ref. 9277], Nishida 1990:92 [ref. 19783], Nishida & Nakaya 1990:336 [ref. 20166] [but see Dasybatis dipterurus], Allen & Robertson 1994:33 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:26 [ref. 23101], Chave & Mundy 1994:380 [ref. 22375], McEachran in Fischer et al. 1995:754 [ref. 22829], Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:45 [ref. 22793], Pequeño 1997:79 [ref. 23536], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:35 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:116 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:65 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:75 [ref. 24550], Compagno 1999:495 [ref. 25589], Gomes et al. 2000:514 [ref. 24451], Thomson et al. 2000:282 [ref. 25640], Rosenberger 2001:615 [ref. 25447]). •Synonym of Dasyatis dipterura (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Mundy 2005:105 [ref. 28379], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:127 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:129 [ref. 34211] with author as Garman 1880). •Synonym of Hypanus dipterurus (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Current status: Synonym of Hypanus dipterurus (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Dasyatidae: Dasyatinae. Habitat: marine.

dipterurus, Dasybatis Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1880:31 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 3 (no. 106); ref. 2466] San Diego Bay, California, U.S.A. Syntypes: (4) ?NMW 77758 (1); USNM 24880 (orig. 4), 110967 [ex 26782] (2 jaws), 26782 (1); ?ZMB 11573 [ex USNM 26782] (1); ?ZMUB [ex USNM 26782] (1). Type catalog: Frøiland 1979:144 [ref. 21547], Paepke & Schmidt 1988:176-177 [ref. 21041]. Nishida & Nakaya 1990:336 [ref. 20166] treat Dasyatis dipterurus as a synonym of D. brevis, but dipterurus (published ca. 18 May 1880) has priority over brevis (Oct. 1880). •Wrongly as a synonym of Dasyatis brevis (Garman 1880) -- (Nishida & Nakaya 1990:336 [ref. 20166], Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:45 [ref. 22793], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:65 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:75 [ref. 24550], Nelson et al. 2004:56 [ref. 27807], Mundy 2005:105 [ref. 28379]). •Valid as Dasyatis dipterura (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Love et al. 2005:13 [ref. 37547], Mundy 2005:105 [ref. 28379], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:188 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:57 [ref. 32708], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:127 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:129 [ref. 34211], Fourriére et al. 2016:440 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:605 [ref. 34923], Kells et al. 2016:84 [ref. 35888]). •Valid as Hypanus dipterurus (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Last et al. 2016:356 [ref. 34581], Last et al. 2016:566 [ref. 35010], Ebert et al. 2017:60 [ref. 35618], Ehemann et al. 2018:26 [ref. 36194], Calle-Morán et al. 2020:246 [ref. 37881], González-Acosta et al. 2021:8 [ref. 38361], Love et al. 2021:28 [ref. 39279], Page et al. 2023:46 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Hypanus dipterurus (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Dasyatidae: Dasyatinae. Distribution: Central Pacific: Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.); eastern Pacific: southern California (U.S.A.) south to northern Chile, including Gulf of California (Mexico) and Galápagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

guttata, Raja Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Markgraf von Liebstadt) 1801:361 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] America australibus [Brazil]. No types known. Based on the 'Iabebirete' of Markgraf von Liebstadt 1648:175, fig. [ref. 30347]. •Valid as Dasyatis guttata (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Uyeno & Sasaki in Uyeno et al. 1983:83 [ref. 14275], Nishida 1990:92 [ref. 19783], Cervigón 1992:199 [ref. 23827], Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:44 [ref. 22793], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:176 [ref. 23897], Aguilera 1998:45 [ref. 24221], Cervigón & Alcalá 1999:184 [ref. 24490], Compagno 1999:495 [ref. 25589], Gomes et al. 2000:514 [ref. 24451], Menni & Stehmann 2000:90 [ref. 24909], Rosenberger 2001:615 [ref. 25447], Rocha & Rosa 2001:989 [ref. 25909], Camargo & Isaac 2001:144 [ref. 27639], Gomes & Gadig in Menezes et al. 2003:30 [ref. 27192], McEachran & Carvalho 2003:567 [ref. 26985], Smith et al. 2003:6 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:56 [ref. 27807], Santos et al. 2004:1 [ref. 27848], Santos & Carvalho 2004:14 [ref. 28040], Page et al. 2013:57 [ref. 32708], Pinheiro et al. 2015:4 [ref. 34324], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:128 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:130 [ref. 34211]). •Valid as Hypanus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Last et al. 2016:356 [ref. 34581], Last et al. 2016:567 [ref. 35010], Ehemann et al. 2018:26 [ref. 36194], Spier et al. 2018:5 [ref. 36103], Ehemann et al. 2019:[6] [ref. 36861], Araujo & Gomes 2021:34 [ref. 39130], Blanco-Parra & Niño-Torres 2022:Correction, p. 5 [ref. 38986], Carvalho-Filho 2023:320 [ref. 40480], Castillo Domínguez et al. 2023:7 [ref. 40663], Hoff et al. 2023:5 [ref. 40463], Page et al. 2023:46 [ref. 40505], Gadig et al. 2024:78 [ref. 40775]). Current status: Valid as Hypanus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Dasyatidae: Dasyatinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Cuba south to São Paulo (Brazil), including southern Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: marine.

gymnura, Trygon Müller [J.] in Ermann 1835:25, Pl. 13 [Reise um die Erde durch Nord-Asien und die beiden Oceane; ref. 20262] Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Type catalog: Paepke & Schmidt 1988:178 [ref. 21041]. •Synonym of Hypanus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Current status: Synonym of Hypanus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Dasyatidae: Dasyatinae. Habitat: marine.

hawaiensis, Dasyatis Jenkins [O. P.] 1903:420, Pl. 1 [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 (1902); ref. 2341] Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands. Holotype (unique): USNM 64127 [orig. 547]. •Synonym of Dasyatis brevis (Garman 1880) -- (Nishida & Nakaya 1990:336 [ref. 20166], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:00 [ref. 24550]). •Valid as Dasyatis hawaiensis Jenkins 1903 -- (Randall 2007:42 [ref. 30952]). •Synonym of Dasyatis dipterura (Jordan & Gilbert 1880) -- (Mundy 2005:105 [ref. 28379], Weigmann 2016:129 [ref. 34211]). •Synonym of Hypanus dipterurus (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Current status: Synonym of Hypanus dipterurus (Jordan & Gilbert 1880). Dasyatidae: Dasyatinae. Habitat: marine.

jabebara, Trygon Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] 1841:160 [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Brazil. No types known. Appeared as doubtful species, "(Dubia) Trygon Jabebara." Unneeded replacement name for Raja guttata Bloch & Schneider 1801; based on the same 'Iabebirete' of Markgraf von Liebstadt 1648:175, fig. [ref. 30347]. •Synonym of Hypanus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Current status: Synonym of Hypanus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Dasyatidae: Dasyatinae. Habitat: marine.

longa, Trygon Garman [S.] 1880:170 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 6 (no. 11); ref. 17881] Acapulco, Mexico; Panama. Syntypes: MCZ 126-S (1) Acapulco, 554-S (1) Panama. Type catalog: Hartel & Dingerkus 1997:xlv [ref. 23119]. •Valid as Dasyatis longus (Garman 1880) -- (Nishida & Nakaya 1990:337 [ref. 20166], Allen & Robertson 1994:34 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:26 [ref. 23101], Acero P. & Franke 1995:15 [ref. 22546], McEachran in Fischer et al. 1995:754 [ref. 22829], Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:45 [ref. 22793], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:35 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:118 [ref. 24023], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:65 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:75 [ref. 24550], Compagno 1999:496 [ref. 25589], Rosenberger 2001:615 [ref. 25447]). •Valid as Dasyatis longa (Garman 1880) -- (Nelson et al. 2004:56 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:13 [ref. 37547], Last & White 2008:280 [ref. 29693], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:188 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:56 [ref. 32708], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:128 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:130 [ref. 34211], Fourriére et al. 2016:440 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:606 [ref. 34923]). •Valid as Hypanus longus (Garman 1880) -- (Last et al. 2016:356 [ref. 34581], Last et al. 2016:568 [ref. 35010], Ehemann et al. 2018:26 [ref. 36194], Petean et al. 2020:1131 [ref. 37830], Calle-Morán et al. 2020:246 [ref. 37881], González-Acosta et al. 2021:8 [ref. 38361], Love et al. 2021:28 [ref. 39279], Page et al. 2023:46 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Hypanus longus (Garman 1880). Dasyatidae: Dasyatinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of Baja California Sur (Mexico) south to northern Peru, including southern Gulf of California (Mexico) and Galápagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

macrophthalma, Dasyatis Gomes [U. L.], Rosa [R. S.] & Gadig [O. B. F.] 2000:510 [Copeia 2000 (no. 2); ref. 24451] Appeared by mistake in title in a paper describing Dasyatis marianae. Rosa et al. 2000:889 [ref. 24588] pointed out that this was a typesetting error; however they acted as first revisers selecting marianae over macrophthalma, an action that was probably not needed since the species was spelled marianae throughout, except for the obvious lapsus in the title. •In the synonymy of Hypanus marianae (Gomes, Rosa & Gadig 2000). Current status: Synonym of Hypanus marianae (Gomes, Rosa & Gadig 2000). Dasyatidae: Dasyatinae.

marianae, Dasyatis Gomes [U. L.], Rosa [R. S.] & Gadig [O. B. F.] 2000:510, Figs. 1-3 [Copeia 2000 (no. 2); ref. 24451] Western South Atlantic, off Recife, Brazil. Holotype: MNRJ 7967. Paratypes: AMNH 3882 (1); MNRJ 7418 (1), 13454 (1); MZUSP 55475-76 (1, 2); UFRJ 1700 (1); UEFS 106 (1), 472 (1); UFPB 663 (1), 2661 (1), 2790 (1), 3283 (1), 4238 (1); ZUEC 3149 (1). Type catalog: Lima et al. 2023:309 [ref. 40221]. Listed by mistake as Dasyatis macrophthalma in title (see Rosa et al. 2000:889 [ref. 24588]) -- clearly a typesetting error and first reviser action by Rosa et al. 2000:889 [ref. 24588] probably was not needed. •Valid as Dasyatis marianae Gomes, Rosa & Gadig 2000 -- (Rocha & Rosa 2001:989 [ref. 25909], Gomes & Gadig in Menezes et al. 2003:30 [ref. 27192], Santos et al. 2004:2 [ref. 27848], Santos & Carvalho 2004:14 [ref. 28040], Weigmann 2016:131 [ref. 34211]). •Valid as Hypanus marianae (Gomes, Rosa & Gadig 2000) -- (Last et al. 2016:356 [ref. 34581], Last et al. 2016:569 [ref. 35010], Carvalho-Filho 2023:320 [ref. 40480]). Current status: Valid as Hypanus marianae (Gomes, Rosa & Gadig 2000). Dasyatidae: Dasyatinae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Maranhão to Bahia (Brazil) endemic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

osteosticta, Trygon Müller [J.] in Ermann 1835:25, Pl. 14 (figs. 1-2) [Reise um die Erde durch Nord-Asien und die beiden Oceane; ref. 20262] Syntypes: MNHN 0000-2620 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1939:86 [ref. 20739], Paepke & Schmidt 1988:178 [ref. 21041]. •Probable synonym of Hypanus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Current status: Uncertain as Hypanus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Dasyatidae: Dasyatinae. Habitat: marine.

rudis, Trygon Günther [A.] 1870:479 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 8; ref. 1995] Old Calabar River, Nigeria. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1982.4.20.52 (dry, not found). •Valid as Dasyatis rudis (Günther 1870) -- (Springer & Collette 1971:338 [ref. 21157], Compagno & Roberts 1984:285 [ref. 8237], Capapé & Desoutter 1990:62 [ref. 19317], Séret in Lévêque et al. 1990:66 [ref. 21589], Compagno 1999:496 [ref. 25589], Santos et al. 2004:10 [ref. 27848], Santos & Carvalho 2004:17 [ref. 28040], Carvalho et al. 2007:155 [ref. 30012], Weigmann 2016:133 [ref. 34211] possibly invalid, Séret 2016:1419 [ref. 34545]). •Valid as Hypanus rudis (Günther 1870) -- (Last et al. 2016:356 [ref. 34581], Last et al. 2016:570 [ref. 35010], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:173 [ref. 37302], Reiner 2019:46 [ref. 38139], Petean et al. 2020:1133 [ref. 37830], Fermon et al. 2022:107 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Hypanus rudis (Günther 1870). Dasyatidae: Dasyatinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Nigeria south to ?Gabon, including São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sabina, Trygon Lesueur [C. A.] 1824:109 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 4 (pt 1); ref. 17520] Florida, U.S.A. Lesueur specimens: ?MNHN 0000-2437 (1) New Orleans. Type catalog: Bertin 1939:86 [ref. 20739]. •Valid as Dasyatis sabina (Lesueur 1824) -- (Lee et al. 1980:37 [ref. 22416], Snelson et al. 1988 [ref. 13790], Robins & Ray 1986:41 [ref. 23100], Nishida 1990:92 [ref. 19783], Boschung 1992:27 [ref. 23239], Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:43 [ref. 22793], Murdy et al. 1997:47 [ref. 23144], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:177 [ref. 23897], Compagno 1999:496 [ref. 25589], Gomes et al. 2000:514 [ref. 24451], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:73 [ref. 24550], Rosenberger 2001:615 [ref. 25447], McEachran & Carvalho 2003:570 [ref. 26985], Nelson et al. 2004:56 [ref. 27807], Boschung & Mayden 2004:99 [ref. 27995], Santos & Carvalho 2004:14 [ref. 28040], Scharpf 2007:2 [ref. 30398], Page & Burr 2011:133 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:57 [ref. 32708], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:128 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:133 [ref. 34211]). •Valid as Hypanus sabinus (Lesueur 1824) -- (Last et al. 2016:356 [ref. 34581], Last et al. 2016:571 [ref. 35010], Robins et al. 2018:39 [ref. 35886], Ehemann et al. 2018:26 [ref. 36194], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:344 [ref. 36407], Jones et al. 2020:298 [ref. 37610], Blanco-Parra & Niño-Torres 2022:Correction, p. 5 [ref. 38986], Castillo Domínguez et al. 2023:7 [ref. 40663], Page et al. 2023:46 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Hypanus sabinus (Lesueur 1824). Dasyatidae: Dasyatinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Delaware south to Florida (U.S.A.) and Cuba, including Gulf of Mexico and northwestern Caribbean Sea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

say, Raja Lesueur [C. A.] 1817:42 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 1 (pt 1, no. 3) (1 July); ref. 17511] Egg Harbor, New Jersey, U.S.A. No types known. The spelling say is the correct original spelling. Species epithet spelled sayi by Müller & Henle 1841:166 [ref. 3069]. ICZN Case 3410 needs investigation. •Valid as Dasyatis sayi or say (Lesueur 1817), the latter correct -- (Robins & Ray 1986:41 [ref. 23100], Snelson et al. 1989 [ref. 13789], Nishida 1990:92 [ref. 19783], Boschung 1992:27 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:199 [ref. 23827], Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:43 [ref. 22793], Murdy et al. 1997:48 [ref. 23144], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:1790 [ref. 23897], Compagno 1999:496 [ref. 25589], Gomes et al. 2000:514 [ref. 24451], Menni & Stehmann 2000:91 [ref. 24909], Rosenberger 2001:615 [ref. 25447], Camargo & Isaac 2001:144 [ref. 27639] as sayi, Gomes & Gadig in Menezes et al. 2003:30 [ref. 27192] as sayi, McEachran & Carvalho 2003:570 [ref. 26985], Nelson et al. 2004:56 [ref. 27807], Santos et al. 2004:2 [ref. 27848], Santos & Carvalho 2004:14 [ref. 28040], Page et al. 2013:57 [ref. 32708], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:130 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:133 [ref. 34211], Nión et al. 2016:23 [ref. 35565] as sayi). •Valid as Hypanus say (Lesueur 1817) -- (Last et al. 2016:356 [ref. 34581], Last et al. 2016:572 [ref. 35010], Ehemann et al. 2018:26 [ref. 36194], Ehemann et al. 2019:[6] [ref. 36861], Jones et al. 2020:298 [ref. 37610], Blanco-Parra & Niño-Torres 2022:Correction, p. 5 [ref. 38986], Carvalho-Filho 2023:320 [ref. 40480] as sayi, Castillo Domínguez et al. 2023:7 [ref. 40663], Page et al. 2023:46 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Hypanus say (Lesueur 1817). Dasyatidae: Dasyatinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (U.S.A.) south to Ceará (Brazil), including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

tuberculata, Raja Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:104, 106, Pl. 4 (fig. 1) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Cayenne, French Guiana. Also appeared in Sonnini 1802:73, 279 [ref. 30461]. •Synonym of Hypanus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Current status: Synonym of Hypanus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Dasyatidae: Dasyatinae. Habitat: marine.


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