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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Anarchias: [ 16 ] records


allardicei, Anarchias Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.] in Jordan & Seale 1906:204, Fig. 9 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Pago Pago, Tutuila Island, American Samoa. Holotype: USNM 51715. Paratypes: CAS-SU 8726 (2), USNM 144296 [ex USNM 51715] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:46 [ref. 12291], Smith 1994:15 [ref. 21917], Böhlke & Smith 2002:156 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Anarchias allardicei Jordan & Starks 1906 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:126 [ref. 12442], Böhlke et al. 1989:117 [ref. 13286], Winterbottom et al. 1989:6 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:34 [ref. 15987], Chen et al. 1994:54 [ref. 22258], Myers 1999:51 [ref. 23965], Böhlke et al. 1999:1656 [ref. 24692], Böhlke & McCosker in Randall & Lim 2000:584 [ref. 25122], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:73 [ref. 25226], Hutchins 2001:16 [ref. 25847], Böhlke & Smith 2002:156 [ref. 26380], Allen & Adrim 2003:22 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:611 [ref. 27495] as Jordan & Seale, Randall et al. 2004:6 [ref. 27624], Mundy 2005:112 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:244 [ref. 29005], Loh et al. 2008:137 [ref. 29930], Reece et al. 2010:421 [ref. 30969], Zhang et al. 2010:227 [ref. 31511], Smith 2012:33 [ref. 32155], Ho et al. 2015:151 [ref. 34130], Fricke et al. 2018:32 [ref. 35805], Smith & Böhlke 2022:70 [ref. 39681]). Current status: Valid as Anarchias allardicei Jordan & Starks 1906. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa (Kenya south to Mozambique), Madagascar and Chagos Archipelago east to Johnston Atoll, Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.) and Society Islands, north to China, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: marine.

atlanticus, Uropterygius Vaillant [L. L.] in Roule 1919:135 [Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques accomplies sur son Yacht par Albert 1er, prince souverain de Monaco v. 52; ref. 17861] Not available, name only with collection station (off Azores); see Bauchot et al. 1993:128 [ref. 20810]. •In the synonymy of Anarchias grassii (Roule 1916) -- (Blache et al. 1973:226 [ref. 7185]). •In the synonymy of Anarchias euryurus (Lea 1913) -- (Smith & Böhlke 1990:136 [ref. 19379]). •Not available, nomen nudum -- (Smith 2012:54 [ref. 32155]). •In the synonymy of Anarchias longicauda (Peters 1877). Nomen Nudum. Current status: Synonym of Anarchias longicauda (Peters 1877). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae.

cantonensis, Uropterygius Schultz [L. P.] 1943:27, Pl. 4; Fig. 3a [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 180; ref. 3957] Lagoon of Canton Island, Phoenix Islands, southern central Pacific. Holotype: USNM 115904. Paratypes: MCZ 37260 [ex USNM 115905] (2); USNM 115905 (10, now 8), 115906-07 (1, 1). Type catalog: Smith 1994:24 [ref. 21917], Böhlke & Smith 2002:157 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Anarchias cantonensis (Schultz 1943) -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:117 [ref. 13286], Randall et al. 1990:34 [ref. 15987], Myers 1999:51 [ref. 23965], Böhlke et al. 1999:1656 [ref. 24692], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:73 [ref. 25226], Böhlke & Smith 2002:157 [ref. 26380], Lobel & Lobel 2004:68 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:6 [ref. 27624], Mundy 2005:112 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:244 [ref. 29005], Reece et al. 2010:423 [ref. 30969], Zhang et al. 2010:226 [ref. 31511], Smith 2012:34 [ref. 32155], Ho et al. 2015:152 [ref. 34130], Smith & Böhlke 2022:70 [ref. 39681]). Current status: Valid as Anarchias cantonensis (Schultz 1943). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Maldives east to the Phoenix and Line Islands in the central Pacific, north to China and Taiwan, south to Tonga. Habitat: marine.

euryurus, Leptocephalus Lea [E.] 1913:25, Figs. 21-22; Pl. 4 (no. 4) [Scientific Results of the Michael Sars North Atlantic Deep-Sea Expedition 1910 v. 3 (pt 1, no. 7); ref. 14158] North Atlantic, 28°52'N, 14°16'W, station 34, 200-500 m; 28°42'N, 20°00'W, station 45, depth 1000 meters. Syntypes: (2) ZMUB 2502 (2?). Type catalog: Frøiland 1979:146 [ref. 21547]. •Valid as Anarchias euryurus (Lea 1913) -- (Bauchot in Whitehead et al. 1986:538 [ref. 13676], Smith & Böhlke 1990:136 [ref. 19379], Santos et al. 1997:19 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:54 [ref. 24952]). •Synonym of Anarchias longicauda (Peters 1877) -- (Smith 2012:34 [ref. 32155], Smith & Brito 2016:1637 [ref. 34557], Kovačić et al. 2021:88 [ref. 39014]). Current status: Synonym of Anarchias longicauda (Peters 1877). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Azores south to Gulf of Guinea [if valid]. Habitat: marine.

exulatus, Anarchias Reece [J. S.], Smith [D. G.] & Holm [E.] 2010:425, Figs. 3 (bottom), 6, 8 [Copeia 2010 (no. 3); ref. 30969] Tonga, Eru, fringing reef at base of cliff on northwest shore, Tonga Islands. Holotype: USNM 328944. Paratypes: many at BPBM and USNM •Valid as Anarchias exulatus Reece, Smith & Holm 2010 -- (Smith 2012:34 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Valid as Anarchias exulatus Reece, Smith & Holm 2010. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Anti-tropical in the central Pacific: Hawaiian Islands, Johnston Atoll, Rapa, Gambier and Pitcairn islands; Tonga Islands. Habitat: marine.

fuscus, Anarchias Smith [J. L. B.] 1962:428, Pl. 53 (fig. G) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 23; ref. 6435] Delgado, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 311. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 5146-48 (3, 1, 1). Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:159 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Anarchias fuscus Smith 1962 -- (Paxton et al. 1989:126 [ref. 12442], Zhang et al. 2010:227 [ref. 31511]). •Synonym of Anarchias allardicei Jordan & Starks 1906 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:117 [ref. 13286], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:98 [ref. 25226], Böhlke & Smith 2002:158 [ref. 26380], Smith 2012:33 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Anarchias allardicei Jordan & Starks 1906. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Habitat: marine.

galapagensis, Uropterygius Seale [A.] 1940:6, Pl. 1 [Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 1932-40, Los Angeles v. 9 (no. 1); ref. 12332] Post Office Bay, Santa María Island [Charles Island], Galápagos Islands. Holotype (unique): CAS 5744. Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:159 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Anarchias galapagensis (Seale 1940) -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:117 [ref. 13286], Allen & Robertson 1994:43 [ref. 22193], McCosker & Rosenblatt in Fischer et al. 1995:1307 [ref. 22830], Allen & Robertson 1997:818 [ref. 41086], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:159 [ref. 24023], Thomson et al. 2000:47 [ref. 25640], Böhlke & Smith 2002:159 [ref. 26380], Nelson et al. 2004:60 [ref. 27807], Love et al. 2005:17 [ref. 37547], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:188 [ref. 30957], Reece et al. 2010:421 [ref. 30969], Smith 2012:34 [ref. 32155], Page et al. 2013:60 [ref. 32708], Fourriére et al. 2016:441 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:606 [ref. 34923], Love et al. 2021:32 [ref. 39279], Page et al. 2023:51 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Anarchias galapagensis (Seale 1940). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of Baja California Sur and southern Gulf of California (Mexico) south to Colombia, including Revillagigedo Islands (Mexico), Clipperton Island (France) and Galápagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

grassi, Uropterygius Roule [L.] 1916:6 [Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique (Monaco) No. 320; ref. 3818] 3/4 mile southwest of St. Lucia, Cape Verde Islands, station 1155, depth 52 meters. Syntypes: (6) MOM 0091-0557 (4). Type catalog: Belloc 1949:3 [ref. 21544], Bauchot et al. 1993:128 [ref. 20810]. •Valid as Anarchias grassii (Roule 1913) -- (Blache et al. 1973:226 [ref. 7185]). •Synonym of Anarchias euryurus (Lea 1913) -- (Bauchot in Whitehead et al. 1986:538 [ref. 13676], Smith & Böhlke 1990:136 [ref. 19379]). •Synonym of Anarchias longicauda (Peters 1877) -- (Smith 2012:34 [ref. 32155], Smith & Brito 2016:1637 [ref. 34557]). Current status: Synonym of Anarchias longicauda (Peters 1877). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Habitat: marine.

leucurus, Uropterygius Snyder [J. O.] 1904:521, Pl. 6 (fig. 12) [Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission v. 22 [1902]; ref. 4149] Auau Channel, between Maui Island and Lanai Island, Hawaiian Islands, Albatross station 3874, depth 21-28 fathoms. Holotype (unique): USNM 50871. Type catalog: Smith 1994:25 [ref. 21917], Böhlke & Smith 2002:161 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Anarchias leucurus (Snyder 1904) -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:117 [ref. 13286], Randall et al. 1990:34 [ref. 15987], Böhlke & Randall 2000:262 [ref. 24493], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:73 [ref. 25226], Randall & Earle 2000:6 [ref. 25806], Böhlke & Smith 2002:161 [ref. 26380], Mundy 2005:113 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:245 [ref. 29005], Randall 2007:95 [ref. 30952], Reece et al. 2010:421 [ref. 30969], Smith 2012:34 [ref. 32155], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988]). Current status: Valid as Anarchias leucurus (Snyder 1904). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Hawaiian Islands, Johnston Atoll, Marquesas Islands and Austral Islands. Habitat: marine.

longicauda, Muraena Peters [W. (C. H.)] 1877:850 [Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1876; ref. 3454] South of Leton Rock, Atlantic, 15°40'01"N, 23°05'08"W, depth 38 fathoms. Holotype (unique): ZMB 9776. Possible types: ZMB 9776 (1). Apparently longicauda is treated as a noun by Smith 2012:34 [ref. 32155]. •Valid as Anarchias longicaudus (Peters 1877) -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:117, 120 [ref. 13286], Reece et al. 2010:421 [ref. 30969]). •Valid as Anarchias longicauda (Peters 1877) -- (Smith 2012:33 [ref. 32155], Wirtz et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32972], Smith & Brito 2016:1637 [ref. 34557], Carneiro et al. 2019:60 [ref. 37250], Reiner 2019:63 [ref. 38139], Fermon et al. 2022:113 [ref. 39448]). Current status: Valid as Anarchias longicauda (Peters 1877). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Atlantic: Western Sahara south to Congo, including Azores and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: marine.

maldiviensis, Anarchias Klausewitz [W.] 1964:665, Fig. 1 [Senckenbergiana Biologica v. 45 (no. 6); ref. 2347] Rasdu Atoll, east of Weligandu Island, Maldives, Indian Ocean. Holotype: SMF 7448. Paratypes: SMF 7449-55 (7). Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:161 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Anarchias maldiviensis Klausewitz 1964 -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:117 [ref. 13286]). •Status uncertain, possibly a synonym of Anarchias allardicei Jordan & Starks 1906 -- (Böhlke & Smith 2002:161 [ref. 26380], Reece et al. 2010:421 [ref. 30969]). •Synonym of Anarchus allardicei Jordan & Starks 1906 -- (Smith 2012:33 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Synonym of Anarchias allardicei Jordan & Starks 1906. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Habitat: marine.

schultzi, Anarchias Reece [J. S.], Smith [D. G.] & Holm [E.] 2010:427, Figs. 3 (middle), 6 and 9 [Copeia 2010 (no. 3); ref. 30969] Tongatapu Group, reef just north of Atata Island, Tonga Islands, depth 8-14 meters. Holotype: USNM 334773. Paratypes: USNM 224067 (1), 224439 (1), 323563 (1), 380808 (2), 397049 (5). •Valid as Anarchias schultzi Reece, Smith & Holm 2010 -- (Fricke et al. 2011:349 [ref. 31242], Smith 2012:34 [ref. 32155]). Current status: Valid as Anarchias schultzi Reece, Smith & Holm 2010. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Tonga to Caroline Islands. Habitat: marine.

seychellensis, Anarchias Smith [J. L. B.] 1962:429, Pl. 53 (fig. F) [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 23; ref. 6435] Assumption Island, Aldabra Islands, Seychelles, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 317. Paratypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 361-363 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:163-164 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Anarchias seychellensis Smith 1962 -- (Castle & McCosker 1986:166 [ref. 5645], Paxton et al. 1989:127 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:24 [ref. 14125], Böhlke et al. 1989:117 [ref. 13286], Winterbottom et al. 1989:6 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:34 [ref. 15987], Randall et al. 1997:34 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:51 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:40 [ref. 24106], Böhlke et al. 1999:1656 [ref. 24692], Allen 2000:84 [ref. 37268], Böhlke & Randall 2000:263 [ref. 24493], Nakabo 2000:196 [ref. 25086], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:73 [ref. 25226], Randall & Earle 2000:6 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:16 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:196 [ref. 26001], Böhlke & Smith 2002:164 [ref. 26380], Myers & Donaldson 2003:611 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:68 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:6 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:50 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:113 [ref. 28379], McCosker & Stewart 2006:87 [ref. 28702] as cf. seyehcllensis, Allen et al. 2006:245 [ref. 29005], Randall 2007:95 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:14 [ref. 30213], Reece et al. 2010:421 [ref. 30969], Fricke et al. 2011:349 [ref. 31242, Allen & Erdmann 2012:76 ref. 31980], Smith 2012:34 [ref. 32155], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Stewart & McCosker 2015:226 [ref. 34233] as cf. seychellensis, Fricke et al. 2018:33 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:22 [ref. 36883], Smith & Böhlke 2022:70 [ref. 39681], Allen & Erdmann 2024:84 [ref. 40796]). Current status: Valid as Anarchias seychellensis Smith 1962. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), East Africa, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and western Mascarenes (La Réunion) east to Hawaiian Islands(U.S.A.) and Easter Island (Chile), north to Ogasawara Islands (Japan), south to Western Australia, New Caledonia, Kermadec Islands and New Zealand area. Habitat: brackish, marine.

similis, Leptocephalus Lea [E.] 1913:26, Figs. 23-24; Pl. 4 (nos. 5-6) [Scientific Results of the Michael Sars North Atlantic Deep-Sea Expedition 1910 v. 3 (pt 1, no. 7); ref. 14158] North Atlantic, 34°44'N, 47°52'W, station 64, depth 100 and 1000 meters. Syntypes: ZMUB 2504 (1), 5113 (1). Type catalog: Frøiland 1979:146 [ref. 21547]. •Valid as Anarchias similis (Lea 1913) -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:118 [ref. 13286], Smith 1989:901 [ref. 13285], Smith & Böhlke 1990:136 [ref. 19379], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:230 [ref. 23897], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:131 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:148 [ref. 27754], Böhlke & Smith 2003:704 [ref. 26990], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:32 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:60 [ref. 27807], Reece et al. 2010:421 [ref. 30969], Smith 2012:34 [ref. 32155], Page et al. 2013:60 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:23 [ref. 33341], Smith & Brito 2016:1637 [ref. 34557], Carneiro et al. 2019:60 [ref. 37250], Fermon et al. 2022:114 [ref. 39448] with question, Page et al. 2023:51 [ref. 40505]). Current status: Valid as Anarchias similis (Lea 1913). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic; eastern Atlantic: Azores; Annobon Island. Habitat: marine.

supremus, Anarchias McCosker [J. E.] & Stewart [A. L.] 2006:84, Figs. 1-3 [Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 36 (no. 2); ref. 28702] Off submarine volcano "L" off Macauley Island, Kermadec Ridge, 30°01.37-30°01.69'S, 178°42.88-178°43.04'W, depth 154 meters. Holotype (unique): NMNZ P.38142. •Valid as Anarchias supremus McCosker & Stewart 2006 -- (Reece et al. 2010:421 [ref. 30969], Smith 2012:34 [ref. 32155], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:107 [ref. 36167], Stewart & McCosker 2015:227 [ref. 34233]). Current status: Valid as Anarchias supremus McCosker & Stewart 2006. Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Distribution: Southwestern Pacific: Kermadec Ridge endemic. Habitat: marine.

yoshiae, Anarchias Kanazawa [R. H.] 1952:75, Fig. 10 [Fieldiana Zoology v. 34 (no. 7); ref. 12780] Ship's channel, Bermuda. Holotype: FMNH 48729. Paratypes: FMNH 48955 (1, now 0); USNM 77748 (1), 153163-64 (1, 1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:7 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Anarchias yoshiae Kanazawa 1952 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:52 [ref. 23100], Scott & Scott 1988:81 [ref. 25518], McAllister 1990:46 [ref. 14674], Cervigón 1991:45 [ref. 24472]). •Synonym of Anarchias similis (Lea 1913) -- (Böhlke et al. 1989:118 [ref. 13286], Smith & Böhlke 1990:136 [ref. 19379], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:132 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:148 [ref. 27754]). Current status: Synonym of Anarchias similis (Lea 1913). Muraenidae: Uropterygiinae. Habitat: marine.


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